CN204248097U - Piston blank dead head continuous automatic saw material lathe - Google Patents

Piston blank dead head continuous automatic saw material lathe Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204248097U
CN204248097U CN201420781004.3U CN201420781004U CN204248097U CN 204248097 U CN204248097 U CN 204248097U CN 201420781004 U CN201420781004 U CN 201420781004U CN 204248097 U CN204248097 U CN 204248097U
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China
Prior art keywords
running gear
station
cutting motor
lathe
piston blank
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CN201420781004.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
汪舵海
张志强
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ANHUI WHITE RABBIT LAKE POWER Co Ltd
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ANHUI WHITE RABBIT LAKE POWER Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of piston blank dead head continuous automatic saw material lathe, comprise a body, described bed body is provided with Z-direction running gear, described Z-direction running gear is movably set with X to running gear, described X is movably set with cutting motor planker on running gear, described cutting motor planker is provided with cutting motor, the main shaft of described cutting motor is provided with cutter head; Also comprise the four station rotary tables be arranged on a body, the table top of described four station rotary tables is circumferentially evenly equipped with four alignment pins, and what mate above described bed body is provided with two sleeve clamps.The utility model can realize excising continuously piston blank top riser and side running channel, and its saw material level is put accurately, and automaticity is high, can realize people's multimachine, thus raise labour efficiency.

Description

Piston blank dead head continuous automatic saw material lathe
Technical field
The utility model relates to auto parts and components process units, is specifically related to a kind of piston blank dead head continuous automatic saw material lathe repaired the dead head of piston casting blank.
Background technology
In the manufacture of piston, the processing of dead head is one requisite operation, owing to being the processing of blank, there is labour intensity large, ineffective problem, have two kinds of forms at home at present, the first adopts engine lathe to carry out Hydraulic Transformation, is equipped with the processing that special frock carries out top riser and side running channel respectively, be divided into two procedures, this comparatively general, need two lathes, two operators, in the middle of operation, also need the transhipment carrying out material.The second situation adopts top riser special plane and band sawing machine, first band sawing machine is adopted to complete the processing of side running channel, without the need to special fixture, double end top riser sawing machine is adopted once to complete two piston top rising head processing after completion of processing, efficiency is higher, but these two kinds of forms are all adopt two procedures, overall efficiency is not very high, in production abroad, often adopt industrial robot clamping after by 90-180 degree turning manipulator on sawing machine once property complete the processing of top riser and side running channel, this kind of mode also needs the artificial regularly placing to blank so that accurate feeding, efficiency is high, labour intensity is low, but exist and have high input, when changing kind, regulation time is long waits restriction.For prior art, how to realize the disposable clamping processing of piston dead head, both realized concentrating of operation, and realized people's multimachine simultaneously thus improve work efficiency, the special purpose machine tool of design high efficient and reliable, just seem particularly necessary.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of piston blank dead head continuous automatic saw material lathe, realize excising continuously piston blank top riser and side running channel, its saw material level is put accurately, and automaticity is high, people's multimachine can be realized, thus raise labour efficiency.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, piston blank dead head of the present utility model continuous automatic saw material lathe, comprise a body, described bed body is provided with Z-direction running gear, described Z-direction running gear is movably set with X to running gear, described X is movably set with cutting motor planker on running gear, described cutting motor planker is provided with cutting motor, the main shaft of described cutting motor is provided with cutter head; Also comprise the four station rotary tables be arranged on a body, the table top of described four station rotary tables is circumferentially evenly equipped with four alignment pins, and what mate above described bed body is provided with two sleeve clamps.
Preferably, described Z-direction running gear comprises two Z-direction guide rails, and the center line along described two Z-direction guide rails is provided with Z-direction screw mandrel, and described Z-direction screw mandrel end is provided with Z-direction motor.
Preferably, described fixture comprises the hydraulic cylinder be vertically fixed on above four station rotary tables on bed body, and the piston rod of described hydraulic cylinder is provided with vee-block.
Preferably, the both sides of described bed body are all provided with cooler bin, the below of described bed body coupling be provided with chip removal material road.
After have employed technique scheme, piston blank is placed on fixture, carry out rotation by four station rotary tables to it to locate, top riser and side running channel is excised successively by cutter head, can excise continuously, its saw material level is put accurately, and automaticity is high, people's multimachine can be realized, thus raise labour efficiency.
Use this piston blank dead head continuous automatic saw material lathe to carry out the method for the continuous automatic saw material of piston blank dead head, comprise the following steps:
A, material loading;
Piston blank is placed on the alignment pin of station one;
B, rotation;
Four station rotary tables are rotated counterclockwise 90 °, and station one drives piston blank to go to the stopping of station two position, and on station two, changing of workpieces is to station three position, and station three changing of workpieces is to station four position;
C, clamping;
The piston rod of hydraulic cylinder is descending, and the vee-block on two sleeve clamps compresses the piston blank on station two and station three;
D, Continuous maching;
Cutting fluid is opened, Z-direction motor drives Z-direction screw mandrel to rotate, X is driven to walk to running gear and upper cutting motor planker thereof along Z-direction, X drives cutting motor planker along X to walking to running gear, cutter head moves to station three Working position, cutting motor operates, and amputates the piston top rising head on station three; X drives the rewind of cutting motor planker to running gear, running gear and upper cutting motor planker thereof proceed to station two position to be processed soon along Z-direction, X drives cutting motor planker to proceed to operating position soon to running gear, and the operate sawing of station two upper piston side running channel of cutting motor is processed;
E, blanking;
Cutting fluid is closed, and then X is to rewind, then Z-direction rewind, and two sleeve clamps are up, unclamps the piston blank on station two and station three, and then four station rotary tables return and turn 90 degrees, and carries out blanking at station four;
F, repeat above A-E step.
Said method, four station rotary table revs, realize the continuous sawing processing to top riser and side running channel, reduce location number of times, contribute to improving positioning precision.In process, described vee-block and alignment pin clamp jointly, ensure that clamping is firm, improve sawing precision.In workpiece walking process, positioned by alignment pin, prevent workpiece displacement.Hydraulic cylinder and on vee-block only move in the vertical direction, do not participate in rotary course, contribute to cutting down finished cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the front view of piston blank dead head of the present utility model continuous automatic saw material lathe;
Fig. 2 is the top view of piston blank dead head of the present utility model continuous automatic saw material lathe;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of piston blank.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described further.
As shown in Figure 3, the piston blank 8 that casting process provides comprises a top riser 80 and a side running channel 81, piston blank 8 is processed with pin-and-hole 82, piston blank dead head provided by the utility model continuous automatic saw material lathe is used for top riser 80 and side running channel 81 to excise.
Visible as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, piston blank dead head of the present utility model continuous automatic saw material lathe, comprise a body 1, described bed body 1 is provided with Z-direction running gear, described Z-direction running gear is movably set with X to running gear 3, described X is movably set with cutting motor planker 4 on running gear 3, and described cutting motor planker 4 is provided with cutting motor 40, and the main shaft of described cutting motor 40 is provided with cutter head 41; Also comprise the four station rotary tables 5 be arranged on a body 1, the table top of described four station rotary tables 5 is circumferentially evenly equipped with four alignment pins 50, above described bed body 1, coupling is provided with two sleeve clamps.
Described Z-direction running gear comprises two Z-direction guide rails 2, and the center line along described two Z-direction guide rails 2 is provided with Z-direction screw mandrel 20, and described Z-direction screw mandrel 20 end is provided with Z-direction motor 21.
The function of Z-direction running gear drives X to walk to running gear 3 along Z-direction, namely walk along drawing length direction, Z-direction screw mandrel 20 and two Z-direction guide rails 2 be arranged in parallel, and X arranges nut (not shown) bottom running gear 3, and this nut and Z-direction screw mandrel 20 form screw rod transmission.X to the function of running gear 3 be make cutting motor planker 4 and on auxiliary equipment along X to walking (drawing vertical direction), its transmission can take the screw rod transmission or the alternate manner (not shown) that are similar to Z-direction.
Described fixture comprises the hydraulic cylinder 60 be vertically fixed on above four station rotary tables 5 on bed body 1, and the piston rod of described hydraulic cylinder 60 is provided with vee-block 61.Air line distance between described two sleeve clamps is identical with the distance between two adjacent positioned pins 50, thus ensures when four station rotary tables 5 rotate to assigned work position, and two cartridge clip prodigiosins clamp two workpiece respectively.
The both sides of described bed body 1 are all provided with cooler bin 7, the below of described bed body 1 coupling be provided with chip removal material road 70.For discharging chip and playing cooling effect.
Concrete process operation step illustrates:
This equipment is by artificial loading and unloading, and process realizes the automatic control of two procedures processing.
As shown in Figure 2, described four station rotary tables 5 provide four stations, and Fig. 2 lower right corner is depicted as station one, are followed successively by station two, station three, station four clockwise; Carry out artificial loading at the station one in the lower right corner, during material loading, the pin-and-hole 82 of piston blank 8 is put alignment pin 50.
Press " loop start " button---four station rotary tables 5 start back to turn 90 degrees, workpiece 1(piston blank 8) go to the stopping of station two position, on station two, changing of workpieces is to station three position, station three changing of workpieces is to station four position, station two and station three belong to Working position, and station four belongs to discharge position.
The piston rod of hydraulic cylinder 60 is descending, vee-block 61 on two sleeve clamps compresses the piston blank 8 on station two and station three, cutting fluid is opened, Z-direction motor 21 drives Z-direction screw mandrel 20 to rotate, drive X to walk to running gear 3 and upper cutting motor planker 4 thereof along Z-direction, X drives cutting motor planker 4 along X to walking to running gear 3, and cutter head 41 moves to station three Working position, cutting motor 40 operates, and amputates the piston top rising head 80 on station three.
Then X drives cutting motor planker 4 rewind to running gear 3, running gear 3 and upper cutting motor planker 4 thereof proceed to station two position to be processed soon along Z-direction, X drives cutting motor planker 4 to proceed to operating position soon to running gear 3, cutting motor 40 operated station two upper piston side running channel 81 sawing processing, cutting fluid is closed simultaneously, then X is to rewind, then Z-direction rewind, two sleeve clamps are up, unclamp the piston blank on station two and station three, then four station rotary tables turn 90 degrees for 5 times, turn a position again, both the piston on the upside of station two after running channel completion of processing goes to station three, top riser processing is carried out in preparation, on the upside of station three running channel and top riser all the piston of completion of processing go to station four and unload material level, carry out blank clamping time delay on station one, after time delay puts in place, automatically next one circulation is carried out, thus realize the auto-cycle process of dead head, employee only need be responsible for the loading and unloading of lathe, because the time kept in reserve is about more than 6 times of loading and unloading non-cutting times, therefore a people can operate four lathes.Efficiency greatly improves.
This continuously automatically sawing machine be the position relationship of side running channel in conjunction with piston and top riser, its state relation when utilizing station to turn round cleverly and carry out conceptual design, rotary table adopts the vertical four station electric knife rests of SLD150A-4 to drive, its upper end workbench has equally distributed T-slot, so that the installation of piston location vee-block, the location consistency of positioning V-shaped block on four stations to be ensured, the uniformity of guarantee sawing quality when debugging.
This lathe adopts engine lathe digital control system, control X is to the operation of running gear, Z-direction running gear and cutting motor 40, there is perfect manual debugging and parameter adjustment function, to the rotating speed of unit head, the feed speed of vertical, horizontal can pass through programming Control, can realize the processing of the piston dead head of different materials and size.

Claims (4)

1. a piston blank dead head continuous automatic saw material lathe, comprise a body (1), it is characterized in that: described bed body (1) is provided with Z-direction running gear, described Z-direction running gear is movably set with X to running gear (3), described X is movably set with cutting motor planker (4) on running gear (3), described cutting motor planker (4) is provided with cutting motor (40), the main shaft of described cutting motor (40) is provided with cutter head (41); Also comprise the four station rotary tables (5) be arranged on a body (1), the table top of described four station rotary tables (5) is circumferentially evenly equipped with four alignment pins (50), what described bed body (1) top was mated is provided with two sleeve clamps.
2. piston blank dead head continuous automatic saw material lathe as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described Z-direction running gear comprises two Z-direction guide rails (2), center line along described two Z-direction guide rails (2) is provided with Z-direction screw mandrel (20), and described Z-direction screw mandrel (20) end is provided with Z-direction motor (21).
3. piston blank dead head continuous automatic saw material lathe as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described fixture comprises the hydraulic cylinder (60) be vertically fixed on four station rotary tables (5) top bed body (1), the piston rod of described hydraulic cylinder (60) is provided with vee-block (61).
4. piston blank dead head continuous automatic saw material lathe as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: the both sides of described bed body (1) are all provided with cooler bin (7), the below coupling of described bed body (1) be provided with chip removal material road (70).
CN201420781004.3U 2014-12-12 2014-12-12 Piston blank dead head continuous automatic saw material lathe Active CN204248097U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420781004.3U CN204248097U (en) 2014-12-12 2014-12-12 Piston blank dead head continuous automatic saw material lathe

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420781004.3U CN204248097U (en) 2014-12-12 2014-12-12 Piston blank dead head continuous automatic saw material lathe

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204248097U true CN204248097U (en) 2015-04-08

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104551217A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-04-29 安徽白兔湖动力股份有限公司 Piston workblank casting head continuous automatic sawing machine tool and continuous automatic sawing method
CN107598271A (en) * 2017-09-18 2018-01-19 广西汽车集团有限公司 Dead head cutter device and method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104551217A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-04-29 安徽白兔湖动力股份有限公司 Piston workblank casting head continuous automatic sawing machine tool and continuous automatic sawing method
CN104551217B (en) * 2014-12-12 2017-02-22 安徽白兔湖动力股份有限公司 Piston workblank casting head continuous automatic sawing method
CN107598271A (en) * 2017-09-18 2018-01-19 广西汽车集团有限公司 Dead head cutter device and method

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