CN204244845U - Agricultural casting machine - Google Patents

Agricultural casting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204244845U
CN204244845U CN201420205676.XU CN201420205676U CN204244845U CN 204244845 U CN204244845 U CN 204244845U CN 201420205676 U CN201420205676 U CN 201420205676U CN 204244845 U CN204244845 U CN 204244845U
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China
Prior art keywords
pipe fitting
plane watering
watering structure
plane
water
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420205676.XU
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Chinese (zh)
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刘碰
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刘碰
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Priority to CN201320272519 priority Critical
Priority to CN2013202725196 priority
Application filed by 刘碰 filed Critical 刘碰
Priority to CN201420205676.XU priority patent/CN204244845U/en
Priority claimed from CN201520128749.4U external-priority patent/CN204796388U/en
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Publication of CN204244845U publication Critical patent/CN204244845U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of agricultural casting machine, comprise plane watering structure, power traction system, stainless steel telescopic pipes, it is characterized in that: the water inlet of plane watering structure is connected with one end of stainless steel telescopic pipes, the other end of stainless steel telescopic pipes is connected with water source, traction power be fixedly mounted on plane watering structure foremost or be fixed on plane watering structure, some meters, dead ahead, the back lower place of the sprinkling transverse tube of plane watering structure is bored and is arranged aperture more, and can walk forward under the traction of power, controlled water pressure gauge produces induced signal according to the pressure of water can the control plane watering structure speed of walking forward, can also people control and remote control, plane watering structure can also fold, the used time is not convenient to move and deposit.

Description

Agricultural casting machine
Technical field
The agricultural casting machine of the utility model is the plant equipment of watering that peasant irrigates the fields.
Background technology
The current existing drought resisting equipment of irrigating the fields has a variety of, the such as watering appliance of big machinery traction, be applicable to large area farmland to use, the watering appliance of agricultural carriage traction is easily ground crops and is stepped on, and it is circumference high-pressure injection that high-pressure sprinkler equipment is irrigated the fields, not energy-conservation, uneven, there is dead angle, have overlap, and divert trouble, drip irrigation is practically applicable to throughout the year rainless area.China is the country of lack of water, the poor ridge of water resource, and broad irrigation is not inconsistent platform China's actual conditions, and reduce ground temperature, inconvenience farming, delays crops growth, also not energy-conservation etc., these drought resistings equipment of irrigating the fields all is not suitable for the present situation in rural area now, also be not generally used more widely, Responsibility System of Land Contract is carried out in Chinese countryside now, the independent cultivation management of land structures single household, plot as striped cloth, width more than ten meter to more than 20 meters the most common.Drought resisting major part of irrigating the fields in current rural area still uses original method of irrigating the fields, and water is extracted out from well, delivers in field through soft water band, peasant has pipe head in arms and sprays on the spot, not science like this, not energy-conservation, waste water resource, manual labor is large, and current are concentrated, impulse force is large, and it is short to ooze the ground time, high place is oozed not saturating, and hollow local water is very dark.Seedling crops has been buried by water punching, and high bar crops has been washed upside down by water.
According to the current present situation in rural area and weather arid uncertain factor, this equipment provides the agricultural casting machine of a kind of utility model, and the north and dry land crops, flat-bottomed land, the central and east popularity that are applicable to China use.
Summary of the invention
The technical scheme of the agricultural casting machine of the utility model comprises: the plane watering structure connected into stainless steel tube, stainless steel telescopic pipes, drive the power traction system that plane watering structure is walked forward, and connect plane watering structure pipe fitting used, comprising " special pipe fitting ", " circular hole special pipe fitting " and " rotary folding special pipe fitting ", it is characterized in that: one end of stainless steel telescopic pipes is connected with the water inlet of plane watering structure, the other end of stainless steel telescopic pipes is connected with water source, power traction system be fixedly mounted on plane watering structure foremost or be fixedly mounted on plane watering structure, some meters, dead ahead, controlled water pressure gauge is according to the speed of the pressure energy control plane watering structure walking of water, and able person is controlled and remote control, when there is no traction power, can also be walked forward by the little rolling wheel of artificial Direct driver.
Described " special pipe fitting ", comprise equal tee, reducer tee, straight cross, reducing cross, equal coupling, reducing coupling, 90 ° of elbows, 45 ° of elbows, 45 ° of threeways, 45 ° of four-ways, shown in accompanying drawing 1-10, it is characterized in that: pipe fitting mouth is male thread, pipe fitting mouth has positioning step, and silk pressing lid is equipped with, fitted lining cover or not fitted lining cover inside silk pressing lid.
Described " circular hole special pipe fitting " comprises circular hole four-way, 45 ° of circular hole four-ways, circular hole threeway, 45 ° of circular hole threeways, shown in accompanying drawing 11-14, it is characterized in that: pipe fitting mouth is male thread, pipe fitting mouth has positioning step, and silk pressing lid is equipped with, lining or non-fitted lining cover are housed inside silk pressing lid, and the center of pipe fitting there is a circular hole, penetrates both sides.
Described " rotary folding special pipe fitting ", comprises " two combination rotary folding special pipe fittings ", " three combination rotary folding special pipe fittings " and " four combination rotary folding special pipe fittings ".
Described " two combination rotary folding special pipe fittings ", accompanying drawing 15, shown in Figure 16, it is characterized in that: pipe fitting mouth is male thread, pipe fitting mouth has positioning step, and silk pressing lid is equipped with, lining or non-fitted lining cover are housed inside silk pressing lid, pipe fitting is bending or through state, divide two parts composition, pipe fitting two ends Split assembled is cross-linked, there is disc with one voice junction, disc has positioning step with one voice, two disc coincidences with one voice, syndeton has perforation, bolt is installed with in perforation, pipe fitting two ends are connected together, pipe fitting two ends are that axle center can interlock rotation with bolt, there is shop bolt junction.Two ends pipe fitting mouth can be combined into " with footpath rotary folding special pipe fitting " with footpath, two ends pipe fitting mouth reducing can be combined into " reducing rotary folding special pipe fitting ", can be combined into " threeway rotary folding special pipe fitting " with threeway combination, and four-way combination can be combined into " four-way rotary folding special pipe fitting ".
Described " three combination rotary folding special pipe fittings ", as shown in figure 17, is connected to form by two pipe fitting mouth component N and common-use tunnel component T.Pipe fitting mouth component N is characterized in that: one end is pipe fitting mouth, pipe fitting mouth is male thread, pipe fitting mouth has positioning step, and silk pressing lid is equipped with, lining or non-fitted lining cover are housed inside silk pressing lid, there is disc with one voice other end side, disc has positioning step with one voice, pipe fitting mouth component is bending or through state, common-use tunnel component T is characterized in that: there are two discs with one voice at two ends in the same side, and at grade, disc has positioning step equally with one voice, the disc with one voice of two pipe fitting mouth component N respectively with two of common-use tunnel component T with one voice disc overlap, with one voice there is perforation in the middle of disc, use two bolts, respectively pipe fitting mouth component N tri-part at the common-use tunnel component T of centre and two ends is connected, two pipe fitting mouth components are that axle center can interlock rotation respectively with bolt with common-use tunnel component, there is shop bolt junction.
Described " four combination rotary folding special pipe fittings ", connected to form by two pipe fitting mouth component N and two common-use tunnel component T, pipe fitting mouth component N is characterized in that: one end is pipe fitting mouth, pipe fitting mouth is male thread, pipe fitting mouth has positioning step, and silk pressing lid is equipped with, lining or non-fitted lining cover are housed inside silk pressing lid, there are two discs with one voice other end both sides, and symmetrically, common-use tunnel component T is characterized in that: have two discs with one voice, be distributed in the two ends of the same side of component, and in same plane, described disc with one voice has positioning step, two of two pipe fitting mouth component N with one voice two of disc respectively with two common-use tunnel component T with one voice disc overlap, make two pipe fitting mouth component N symmetrical, two common-use tunnel component T-phase are symmetrical mutually, there is perforation at disc center with one voice, use two bolts, respectively two of centre common-use tunnel component T and two pipe fitting mouth component N tetra-part is connected, there is shop bolt junction, shown in accompanying drawing 18.
The common-use tunnel component T of described " four combination rotary folding special pipe fittings ", while install special pipe fitting mouth, just can be combined into " threeway rotary folding special pipe fitting ", shown in accompanying drawing 22.If common-use tunnel component T installs special pipe fitting mouth in both sides, just can be combined into " four-way rotary folding special pipe fitting ", shown in accompanying drawing 23.
Described plane watering structure, the first connected mode as shown in figures 24 and 25: comprise water inlet switch K1, K2, filter G, controlled water pressure gauge Y, shunting aqueduct S, water delivery short tube H, sprays transverse tube L1, L2, water pipe movable joint D1, D2.Shunting aqueduct S is circular array or is dome circular array, T-junction pipe is also had to connect in the middle of shunting aqueduct, spray transverse tube L1, L2 laterally arranged in parallel, and centre has many water delivery short tube H to connect, the back lower place of two sprinkling transverse tubes L1, L2 is drilled with arranges aperture more, and water pipe movable joint D1, D2 are equipped with in two sprinkling transverse tube middles place.Below plane watering structure, three portable traveling travelling wheels are installed and comprise an a front-wheel O1 and two trailing wheel O2, respectively at A, B, the below that C is 3, distribution triangular in shape, three portable traveling travelling wheels can reconcile the height of plane watering structure respectively, and adjustment level device Z is also equipped with in the top of front-wheel O1, plane watering structure top is installed two and is supported post R, respectively at B, the top that C is 2, and to sprinkle water structure vertical with plane, connecting plane watering structure pipe fitting used is " special pipe fitting ", " circular hole special pipe fitting " and " rotary folding special pipe fitting ", described sprinkling transverse tube, several water blocking devices E is also equipped with, described sprinkling transverse tube, can also be designed three, described plane watering structure can fold when not watering, reduced plan watering structural area, be convenient to move and deposit.
Described plane watering structure, another kind of connected mode as shown in Figure 26 and Figure 27: comprise water inlet switch K1, K2, filter G, controlled water pressure gauge Y, shunting aqueduct S, water delivery short tube H, sprays transverse tube L1, L2.Shunting aqueduct S font arrangement in a font arrangement or in dome, a transverse tube and middle aqueduct S interconnection is had in the middle of after the intersection summit of shunting aqueduct S, shunting aqueduct is that the stainless steel tube do not waited by two sections of diameters is nested together, festoon joint is equipped with in centre, spray transverse tube L1, L2 laterally arranged in parallel, and centre there are many water delivery short tube H to connect.Two sprinkling transverse tube L1, the back lower place of L2 is drilled with arranges aperture more, below plane watering structure, three portable traveling travelling wheels are installed and comprise an a front-wheel O1 and two trailing wheel O2, respectively at A, B, the below that C is 3, distribution triangular in shape, three portable traveling travelling wheels can adjust the height of plane watering structure respectively, and adjustment level device Z is also equipped with in the top of front-wheel O1, plane watering superstructure is installed two and is supported post R, respectively at B, the top that C is 2, and to sprinkle water structure vertical with plane, connecting plane watering structure pipe fitting used is " special pipe fitting ", " circular hole special pipe fitting " and " rotary folding special pipe fitting ", described sprinkling transverse tube, several water blocking devices E is also equipped with, described portable traveling travelling wheel can also be designed to four, described plane watering structure can also fold when not watering, reduced plan watering structural area, be convenient to move and deposit.
Described plane watering structure, the third connected mode is as shown in Figure 28 and Figure 29: comprise water inlet switch K1, K2, filter G, controlled water pressure gauge Y, shunting aqueduct S, spray transverse tube L1, spray little transverse tube L2, water delivery short tube H, it is characterized in that: shunting aqueduct S is herringbone or circular arc circular array, T-junction pipe is also had to connect in the middle of shunting aqueduct, shunting aqueduct is that the stainless steel tube do not waited by two sections of diameters is nested together, festoon joint is equipped with in centre, spray transverse tube L1 transversely arranged, two are sprayed little transverse tube L2 and are arranged on the back of spraying transverse tube L1 respectively, parallel with sprinkling transverse tube L1, and by two water delivery short tube H respectively with the B spraying transverse tube L1, C 2 connection, spray transverse tube L1 and spray the both sides of little transverse tube L2 and lower drill with ferrule many rows aperture, below plane watering structure, three portable traveling travelling wheels are installed and comprise front-wheel O1 and trailing wheel O2, be arranged on A respectively, B, the below that C is 3, distribution triangular in shape, three portable traveling travelling wheels can reconcile the height of plane watering structure respectively, and adjustment height system Z is also equipped with in the top of front-wheel O1, the top of plane watering structure is installed two and is supported post R, respectively at B, the top that C is 2, and to sprinkle water structure vertical with plane, connecting plane watering structure pipe fitting used is " special pipe fitting ", circular hole special pipe fitting and " rotary folding special pipe fitting ", described sprinkling transverse tube L1, several water blocking devices E is also equipped with in addition, described plane watering structure can also fold when not watering, reduced plan watering structural area, be convenient to move and deposit.
The power traction system that described drive plane watering structure is walked forward, comprise seizing wire, little rolling wheel, small power, demodulator, it is characterized in that: little rolling wheel, small power, demodulator are mounted on one piece, be fixed on plane watering structure foremost or be fixed on plane watering structure, some meters, dead ahead.One of seizing wire is wound around little rolling wheel, and other end is fixed on the some rice in dead ahead of plane watering structure or traction plane watering structure foremost.Controlled water pressure gauge, according to the pressure of water, produces induced signal, the speed that energy control plane watering structure is walked forward.Described traction power.Can also walk forward by Direct driver front-wheel.Described traction power, also able person's control and remote control.Described little rolling wheel, can also be walked forward by the little rolling wheel of artificial Direct driver.
Described stainless steel telescopic pipes, comprise interior pipe, outer tube and gasket set, it is characterized in that: several increasing diameter or the stainless steel tube successively decreased, be nested together, one end of each root steel pipe is equipped with gasket set, draws together or inside contracts, make outer and inner tube stretchy outside other end pipe tail, water-tight, do not come off.
The utility model folds farmland irrigating machine, structure is made up of stainless steel tube, water enters plane watering structure without high pressure by telescoping tube and sprays to the back lower place to each position of spraying transverse tube by self flow dispersion of water later, and as can be seen from structure and the operation principle of equipment, the beneficial effect of the agricultural casting machine of the utility model is: weight of equipment is light, cost is low, can be folding, be convenient to deposit, durable in use, not aging, non-corrosive.Do not grind during use and step on crops, irrigate the fields evenly, do not have dead angle, not overlapping, it is long to ooze the ground time, as rainy, and maneuverability, saves water and energy, be not only applicable to rural area single household Small burden and be equipped with separately and use, also the rural area big farming household and the collective farm that are applicable to having large area soil are equipped with and use, the most outstanding place of this equipment is that operating personnel do not need to dismantle any parts, only loosens several bolt, just equipment can be folded into one piece, divert easily, be convenient to again deposit.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Shown in accompanying drawing 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Figure 10: be special pipe fitting equal tee respectively, reducing tee, straight cross, reducing cross, equal coupling, reducing lead directly to, 90 ° of elbows, 45 ° of elbows, 45 ° of threeways, 45 ° of four-ways contour structures schematic diagram
Shown in accompanying drawing 11, Figure 12, Figure 13, Figure 14: the contour structures schematic diagram being circular hole four-way, 45 ° of circular hole four-ways, circular hole threeway, 45 ° of circular hole threeways respectively,
Shown in accompanying drawing 15: the contour structures schematic diagram being two combinations " rotary folding special pipe fitting ".
Shown in accompanying drawing 16: the contour structures schematic diagram being another kind of two combinations " rotary folding special pipe fitting ".
Shown in accompanying drawing 17: the contour structures schematic diagram being " three combination rotary folding special pipe fittings ", in this figure, N represents pipe fitting mouth structure, and T represents common-use tunnel structure.
Shown in accompanying drawing 18: the contour structures schematic diagram being " four combination rotary folding special pipe fittings ", in this figure, N represents pipe fitting mouth structure, and T represents common-use tunnel structure.
Shown in accompanying drawing 19, Figure 20, Figure 21: respectively: silk pressing lid front, silk pressing lid side and silk pressing lid lining schematic diagram.
Shown in accompanying drawing 22, Figure 23: the contour structures schematic diagram being " rotary folding special pipe fitting is combined in threeway four " and " four-way four combines rotary folding special pipe fitting " respectively, in this figure, N represents pipe fitting mouth component, and T represents common-use tunnel component.
Shown in accompanying drawing 24, accompanying drawing 25: the first mode of connection of plane watering structure, K1, K2 are taps, G is filter, Y is controlled water pressure gauge, S is shunting aqueduct, L1, L2 are for spraying transverse tube, and H is water delivery short tube, and D1, D2 are water pipe movable joint, O1 is front portable traveling travelling wheel, and O2 is rear portable traveling travelling wheel, and R supports post, A, B, C 3 are the strong points of portable traveling travelling wheel, wherein B, C 2 are again the strong points of post R, and Z is mounted in the intelligent controller on front portable traveling travelling wheel O1, and E is the water blocking device for subsequent use spraying transverse tube.
Accompanying drawing 26, shown in Figure 27: the second connected mode of plane watering structure, K1, K2 is taps, G is filter, Y is controlled water pressure gauge, S is shunting aqueduct, L1, L2 is for spraying transverse tube, H is water delivery short tube, O1 is front portable traveling travelling wheel, O2 is rear portable traveling travelling wheel, R supports post, A, B, C 3 is the strong point of three portable traveling travelling wheels, wherein B, C 2 is again the strong point of post R, D point is the mounting points of the 4th portable traveling travelling wheel, Z is mounted in the intelligent controller on front portable traveling travelling wheel O1, E is the water blocking device for subsequent use spraying transverse tube.
Shown in accompanying drawing 28, Figure 29: be the third connected mode of plane watering structure, K1, K2 are water inlet switchs, and G is filter, Y is controlled water pressure gauge, S is shunting aqueduct, and L1 sprays transverse tube, and L2 sprays little transverse tube, O1 is front light road wheel, O2 is rear portable traveling travelling wheel, and R supports post, and A, B, C 3 are the strong points of three portable traveling travelling wheels, wherein B, C 2 are again two strong points supporting post R, and E is the water blocking device for subsequent use spraying transverse tube.
Shown in accompanying drawing 30: be traction drive system schematic diagram.
Shown in accompanying drawing 31: be the appearance schematic diagram of stainless steel telescopic pipes when stretching out.
Shown in accompanying drawing 32: be the stainless steel telescopic pipes sealing device schematic diagram that sealing ring is contained in interior tube outside.
Shown in accompanying drawing 33: be the stainless steel telescopic pipes sealing device schematic diagram that sealing ring is contained in inside outer tube.
Embodiment
Accompanying drawing 11, Figure 12, Figure 13, Figure 14, Figure 15, Figure 16, Figure 17, Figure 18, Figure 19, all size " special pipe fitting " shape assumption diagram respectively shown in Figure 20, the pipe fitting bodily form and traditional pipe fitting do not have much differences, but using method and effect different, and there is the function of articulation, according to pipe fitting mouth feature, using method is steel pipe opening flanging, install on the positioning step of pipe fitting mouth, silk pressing lid is enclosed within steel pipe, tighten silk pressing lid, Steel pipe and fitting is firmly connected, do not change again the angle of steel pipe, therefore, in plane watering structure, motionless entirety can dismantle any part.Inside described silk pressing lid, lining is housed, lining can be opening full circle lining, also can be two semicircular lining, using method is first steel pipe opening flanging, silk pressing lid is enclosed within steel pipe, then lining is installed to inside silk pressing lid, silk pressing lid pressure lining, lining pressure limit, tighten silk pressing lid, by the indirect transfer of power, Steel pipe and fitting is firmly connected, advantage is flexible and convenient to use, and shortcoming is complex structure.If not fitted lining cover inside silk pressing lid, using method first silk pressing lid is enclosed within steel pipe, then steel pipe opening flange, tighten silk pressing lid, and Steel pipe and fitting is firmly connected, and advantage is that silk pressing lid structure is simple.Shortcoming is that steel pipe opening has turned over limit, and silk pressing lid just can not eliminate from steel pipe,
Accompanying drawing 21, Figure 22, shown in Figure 23 and Figure 24, the contour structures schematic diagram of all size " circular hole special pipe fitting " respectively, according to the feature of pipe fitting mouth and silk pressing lid, using method is identical with the using method of foregoing " special pipe fitting ", the another feature of " circular hole special pipe fitting " is that pipe fitting center has a circular hole, its main purpose is the height being convenient to install portable traveling travelling wheel and adjustment integral plane structure, walking wheel supporting plane watering structural focus balance can be kept again, be convenient to again install and support post, do not affect water delivery again simultaneously, also water-tight.
Two kinds of patterns " two combination rotary folding special pipe fittings " contour structures schematic diagram respectively shown in accompanying drawing 25, Figure 26, its combination principle is identical, and water source enters from one end pipe fitting mouth, through being cross-linked passage, from other end pipe fitting mouth flow out, but structural style and function different.The structure of Figure 25 is that pipe fitting mouth is become oval by circle, bending is become by through state, the water delivery sectional area of pipe fitting remains unchanged, increase and be cross-linked the diameter of passage, reduce the height being cross-linked passage, object makes the pipe fitting mouth on both sides can on same straight line, do not reduce again the sectional area of flowing water, but can only the at a right angle or V-shaped of rotary folding, and the structure of Figure 26 can rotate 180 ° of two ends overlaps, but the pipe fitting mouth on both sides can not on same straight line.
Shown in Figure 27 and Figure 28, be respectively.The contour structures schematic diagram of " three combination rotary folding special pipe fittings " and " four combination rotary folding special pipe fittings ", its principle and using function can be found out from contour structures, water enters from one end pipe fitting mouth, through the common-use tunnel on one side or the common-use tunnel on both sides, flow to other end pipe fitting mouth, their common trait is energy rotary folding, do not affect flowing water again, can also make the steel pipe on both sides on same straight line, the steel pipe on both sides can be made to be folded into U-shaped or parastate, steel pipe can be made to revolve turnback in same direction, " four combination rotary folding special pipe fittings " is better than " three combination rotary folding special pipe fittings ", because " four combination rotary folding special pipe fittings " uses two common-use tunnels, both sides are stressed, add horizontal mechanical strength, stress balance, double cross mouth disc knot platform, enhance the firm power of disc with one voice.
Being the contour structures schematic diagram of silk pressing lid and silk pressing lid lining respectively shown in accompanying drawing 29, Figure 30, Figure 31, be the indispensable counterpart of various pipe fitting, and various pipe fitting uses simultaneously.
Exhibition of the drawing together structure of " four combination rotary folding pipe fittings " respectively shown in accompanying drawing 32 and Figure 33, water enters from one end pipe fitting mouth, through the common-use tunnel on one side or the common-use tunnel on both sides, flow to other end pipe fitting mouth, from the common-use tunnel on common-use tunnel on one side or both sides, can also go in the pipe fitting mouth flow to or the pipe fitting mouth on both sides.
The agricultural casting machine of the utility model is when power traction system is identical with stainless steel telescopic pipes, and plane watering structure has numerous embodiments.
The first embodiment is as shown in accompanying drawing 1, Fig. 2, water source enters integral plane structure from K1 or K2, enter through shunting aqueduct S and spray transverse tube L1, spray to the back lower place, water enters another root sprinkling transverse tube L2 through too much root water delivery short tube H again and again sprays to the back lower place.Aqueduct S is herringbone or circular arc herringbone, its object not still rock-steady structure, topmost object makes water shunting, flowing water is smooth and easy, reduce hydraulic pressure decay, enter the middle part of spraying transverse tube L1 both sides uniformly, spray to the back lower place, spray transverse tube L1, many water delivery short tube H are had to be communicated with in the middle of L2, its objective is rock-steady structure, water can be made again by spraying transverse tube L1 evenly flow into from many places and spray transverse tube L2, spray to the back lower place equally, in can T-junction pipe be to install front portable traveling travelling wheel, two sprinkling transverse tube back lower places are drilled with and arrange aperture more, make that lower one-tenth waterborne is fan-shaped to be sprayed to the back lower place, the quantity of aperture and the size in aperture will be determined according to output, namely determine according to hydraulic pressure, there is certain hydraulic pressure, but do not require that hydraulic pressure is too high, because it is not energy-conservation that hydraulic pressure is too high, stainless steel telescopic pipes resistance to compression pression is large, hydraulic pressure is too low, irrigate the fields uneven.
Described sprinkling transverse tube L1, L2, by the object of two transverse tubes be, in the process that integral plane structure is slowly walked forward, increasing the front and back span of equipment water spray, because this increasing the overboard time of ground same point, reaching the object of permeable soil.Described sprinkling transverse tube L1, L2, according to the wide screening in plot, two ends can extend and shorten at any time, reach the object of adjustment width degree.
Plane watering structure has folder function, method for folding concrete operations are that plane watering structure removes shunting aqueduct S, two-section is cut into from water pipe slipknot D1, D2 of spraying in the middle of transverse tube L1, L2, spray transverse tube L1, L2 two side superimposed, change wheel direction, haul and can walk, be convenient to again deposit.
Below described plane watering structure, three portable traveling travelling wheels are installed, distribution triangular in shape, its objective is balance and supporting plane watering structure, the height of plane watering structure can be reconciled, walking can also be driven, intelligence system Z is installed above front-wheel O1 its objective is and ensure that water inlet aims at stainless steel telescoping tube road junction all the time when soil injustice, if when spraying the horizontal wider width of transverse tube, portable traveling travelling wheel can also be designed to four, method is that the water pipe movable joint D1 spraying transverse tube middle place is changed into " circular hole special pipe fitting ", can install portable traveling travelling wheel.
Described sprinkling transverse tube also can be designed as three, complex structure, but better effects if, watering evenly.Can according to user's requirement, or the size of the water supply plant output used, otherwise designed uses.
Described filter G in practice maneuverability uses, and water source not too large impurity does not generally use, because filter has certain resistance to flowing water in the duct, not energy-conservation on the contrary, as the case may be, grasps temporarily.
Describedly above B, C, two posts are housed at 2, its purposes is when spraying transverse tube and being wider across degree, as the support post of oblique pull rope, prevents both sides sagging.
Described sprinkling transverse tube is also equipped with several water blocking devices E in addition, its purposes is when casting machine works, and causes for a certain reason and sprays transverse tube water spray uneven or irrigation pressure when reducing, be clipped in spray on transverse tube with water blocking device, stifled part water spray aperture, can reconcile the uniformity of water spray.
This connected mode advantage is with two or three sprinkling transverse tubes, and front and back water spray span is large, and field osmotic effect is good, and shortcoming is the folding trouble of complex structure, is applicable to large area pouring.
The second embodiment is as accompanying drawing 3, shown in Fig. 4, substantially identical with the first embodiment, icon or the identical component of figure, function is just the same, different places is characterized in that: shunting aqueduct S is a font or a dome font arrangement, and each root shunting aqueduct S by the different steel pipe socket of two diameters together, be added with bundle joint, can elongate or shorten, described bundle joint, fixingly can shunt the length location of aqueduct, because at sprinkling transverse tube L1, in L2, pipe fitting used is all " rotary folding special pipe fitting ", therefore method for folding is different, concrete operations loosen to spray transverse tube L1, the fastening bolt of " the rotary folding special pipe fitting " of each junction of L2, sprinkling transverse tube L1, the each section of steel pipe of L2 is folded into up and down in V state or parastate, make two trailing wheel O2 in can draw close and connect, shorten shunting aqueduct S respectively simultaneously, walking can be hauled, be convenient to again deposit, folding convenient is the main feature of the first embodiment of difference, if equipment is wider across degree, a portable traveling travelling wheel can be added at the middle D point spraying transverse tube.
The third embodiment is as accompanying drawing 5, shown in Fig. 6, identical with the first embodiment major part, icon or the identical component of figure, function is just the same, different places is characterized in that: shunting aqueduct S be herringbone or circular arc herringbone but few two shunt water delivery short duct, and each root shunting aqueduct S by the different steel pipe socket of two diameters together, be added with bundle joint can elongate or shorten, spray transverse tube L1 transversely arranged, two are sprayed little transverse tube L2 and are arranged on the back of spraying transverse tube L1 respectively, parallel with sprinkling transverse tube L1, and by two water delivery short tube H respectively with the B spraying transverse tube L1, C 2 connection, spray transverse tube L1 and spray the both sides of little transverse tube L2 and lower drill with ferrule many rows aperture, spraying little its purposes of transverse tube H2 is in use walk in dry place in order to ensure two light walking trailing wheel O2, aperture is not bored in road wheel 02 both sides, water spray near this section of road wheel carrys out supplementary spray water by spraying little transverse tube L2, in sprinkling transverse tube L1, pipe fitting used is all " rotary folding special pipe fitting ", therefore folding very simple and convenient, concrete operations loosen to spray each junction of transverse tube L1 " rotary folding special pipe fitting ", fore-aft fold on the same plane of plane watering structure, two trailing wheel O2 are made to draw close to centre and connect, shorten shunting aqueduct S respectively simultaneously, after folding, steel pipe is in a same plane, walking can be hauled, be convenient to again deposit, though this embodiment sprinkling transverse tube water spray still front and back water spray, reach the object of permeable soil equally.Power, adds horizontal mechanical strength, stress balance, and double cross mouth disc combines, and enhances the firm power of disc with one voice.
Accompanying drawing 7 is described traction power schematic diagrames, comprise seizing wire, little rolling wheel, small power, demodulator, it is characterized in that: little rolling wheel, small power, demodulator are mounted on one piece, be fixed on plane watering structure foremost, seizing wire one ends wound rolling wheel, other end is fixed on, some meters, dead ahead of plane watering structure, and controlled water pressure gauge can be sprinkled water the structure speed of walking forward by control plane.
The another kind of mode of traction of traction power is, some meters, dead ahead traction power being fixed on plane watering structure, the one ends wound rolling wheel of seizing wire, foremost, its advantage is the load that can alleviate plane watering structure to other end traction plane watering structure.
Traction power is fixed on plane watering structure foremost, or be fixed on, some meters, dead ahead of plane watering structure, these two kinds of mode of traction, its objective is and plane watering structure straight line is moved forward, simplify complicated Power Drive Unit and front wheel guide device.
Described traction power also can be walked forward by Direct driver front-wheel where necessary, but front-wheel must be anti-skidding to ground.
Described little rolling wheel, when not having draw-gear and traction power, little rolling wheel is arranged separately in plane watering structure foremost, one of seizing wire is wound around little rolling wheel, other end is fixed on, some meters, dead ahead of plane watering structure, by the little rolling wheel of artificial Direct driver, drives plane watering structure to walk forward, there is good effect equally, equipment is simple, takes artificial, is applicable to peasant household's small size Small burden short-period used, according to circumstances, suit measures to local conditions.
Overall structure and the ring structure of stainless steel telescopic pipes can be found out from accompanying drawing 8, Fig. 9 and Figure 10.Stainless steel telescopic pipes entirety is nested together by the stainless steel tube of several increasing diameter or arrangement of successively decreasing, described increase progressively from inside to outside to be arranged as increase progressively, described in successively decrease outside in be arranged as and successively decrease.One end of each root steel pipe is equipped with gasket set, and other end pipe tail inside contracts or draws together outward, makes outer and inner tube stretchy, water-tight, does not come off.The object of fitting tight coil apparatus is that anti-sealing outwards flows in use, other end pipe tail inside contracts or draws together outward, when preventing from elongating, steel pipe comes off, if sealing ring is contained in the outside of inner layer steel pipe, the mouth of pipe of outer layer pipe inside contracts, if sealing ring is contained in the inside of outer layer pipe, draw together outside the mouth of pipe of nexine steel pipe.The concrete using method of stainless steel telescopic pipes is that stainless steel telescopic pipes one is communicated with water source, other end is communicated with the water inlet of watering appliance, along with slowly moving of watering appliance, compression stainless steel telescopic pipes, makes one end synchronized tracking of mobile watering appliance and stainless steel telescopic pipes move, and object ensures that water source supplies water smooth and easy to mobile watering appliance, water source is provided with stainless steel telescopic pipes, hydraulic pressure can not be too high, and hydraulic pressure is too high, and stainless steel telescopic pipes deflation resistance is large.
The concrete using method of the agricultural casting machine of the utility model is; Water source is extracted out from water pump, be connected with one end of the telescopic pipes of this equipment through delivering in field compared with water-band, water enters the water inlet of plane watering structure by telescopic pipes, through taps K1, enter the middle part of the both sides of spraying transverse tube L1 again through herringbone or circular arc herringbone shunting aqueduct, spray to the back lower place uniformly in transverse tube L1, then the water delivery short tube H in the middle of two sprinkling transverse tubes, enter in another root transverse tube L2, spray to the back lower place again.Plane watering structure is slowly walked forward under the traction of power (per minute walk about one meter), plane watering structure compresses stainless steel telescopic pipes while walking forward, be compressed to the most always, stainless steel telescopic pipes pulls open again, again connect with soft water band, complete a sprinkling cycle.In order to not make pouring interrupt, user is separately equipped with a hose grown equally with telescoping tube, and while telescopic pipes elongates, and k2 connects, and substitutes temporarily, make the continual sprinkling work of this equipment as one.The speed of walking and the pressure of water supply are directly proportional, the higher walking of hydraulic pressure is faster, the lower walking of hydraulic pressure is slower, in use, according to the wide screening in plot, the width degree spraying transverse tube can be adjusted, or multirow waters, therefore, no matter be that the wide screening in plot can use, two kinds of plane watering structures are substantially the same in using method.
In sum, the agricultural casting machine of the utility model has several outstanding feature, one, can walk, and follows the tracks of water source, two, and dispersion is sprayed, and irrigates the fields evenly, and three, can fold, be convenient to move and deposit.

Claims (6)

1. an agricultural casting machine, comprise the plane watering structure connected into stainless steel tube, stainless steel telescopic pipes, drive the power traction system that plane watering structure is walked forward, and connect plane watering structure pipe fitting used, comprising " special pipe fitting ", " circular hole special pipe fitting " and " rotary folding special pipe fitting ", it is characterized in that: stainless steel telescopic pipes one end is communicated with water source, the other end is communicated with the water inlet of plane watering structure, traction power is fixed on plane watering structure foremost, or be fixed on, some meters, dead ahead of plane watering structure, controlled water pressure gauge produces induced signal, the speed that energy control plane watering structure is walked forward, and able person is controlled or remote control, when there is no traction power, can also be walked forward by the little rolling wheel of artificial Direct driver,
Described " special pipe fitting " comprises equal tee, reducer tee, straight cross, reducing cross, equal coupling, reducing coupling, 90 ° of elbows, 45 ° of elbows, 45 ° of threeways, 45 ° of four-ways, it is characterized in that: pipe fitting mouth is male thread, pipe fitting mouth has positioning step, and silk pressing lid is equipped with, lining or non-fitted lining cover are housed inside silk pressing lid;
Described " circular hole special pipe fitting " comprises circular hole four-way, 45 ° of circular hole four-ways, circular hole threeway, 45 ° of circular hole threeways, it is characterized in that: pipe fitting mouth is male thread, pipe fitting mouth has positioning step, and silk pressing lid is equipped with, lining or non-fitted lining cover are housed inside silk pressing lid, and the center of pipe fitting there is a circular hole; Penetrate both sides;
Described " rotary folding special pipe fitting ", comprise " two combination rotary folding special pipe fittings ", " three combination rotary folding special pipe fittings " and " four combination rotary folding special pipe fittings ", described " two combination rotary folding special pipe fittings ", it is characterized in that: pipe fitting mouth is male thread, pipe fitting mouth has positioning step, and silk pressing lid is equipped with, lining or non-fitted lining cover are housed inside silk pressing lid, pipe fitting divides two parts to form, in bending or through state, pipe fitting two ends Split assembled is cross-linked, there is disc with one voice junction, two with one voice disc have positioning step, two disc coincidences with one voice, syndeton has perforation, bolt is installed with in perforation, pipe fitting two parts are connected together, pipe fitting two ends are that axle center can interlock rotation with bolt, there is shop bolt junction, two ends pipe fitting mouth can be combined into " with footpath rotary folding special pipe fitting " with footpath, two ends pipe fitting mouth reducing can be combined into " reducing rotary folding special pipe fitting ", " threeway rotary folding special pipe fitting " can be combined into and four-way can be combined into " four-way rotary folding special pipe fitting " with threeway,
Described " three combination rotary folding special pipe fittings ", comprise two pipe fitting mouth components and a common-use tunnel component connects to form, pipe fitting mouth component is characterized in that: one end is pipe fitting mouth, pipe fitting mouth is male thread, pipe fitting mouth has positioning step, and silk pressing lid is equipped with, lining or non-fitted lining cover are housed inside silk pressing lid, there is disc with one voice other end side, disc has positioning step with one voice, pipe fitting mouth component is bending or through state, common-use tunnel component is characterized in that: there are two discs with one voice at two ends in the same side, and at grade, disc has positioning step equally with one voice, the disc with one voice of two pipe fitting mouth components respectively with two of common-use tunnel component with one voice disc overlap, with one voice there is perforation in the middle of disc, use two bolts, respectively pipe fitting mouth component three part at the common-use tunnel component of centre and two ends is connected, two pipe fitting mouth components are that axle center can interlock rotation respectively with bolt with common-use tunnel component, there is shop bolt junction,
Described " four combination rotary folding special pipe fittings ", comprise two pipe fitting mouth components and two common-use tunnel components connect to form, pipe fitting mouth component is characterized in that: one end is pipe fitting mouth, pipe fitting mouth is male thread, pipe fitting mouth has positioning step, and silk pressing lid is equipped with, lining or non-fitted lining cover are housed inside silk pressing lid, there are two discs with one voice other end both sides, and symmetrically, common-use tunnel component is characterized in that: have two discs with one voice, be distributed in the two ends of the same side of component, and in same plane, described disc with one voice has positioning step, two of two pipe fitting mouth components with one voice two of disc respectively with two common-use tunnel components with one voice disc overlap, make two pipe fitting mouth components symmetrical, two common-use tunnel components are symmetrical, there is perforation at disc center with one voice, use two bolts, respectively two of centre common-use tunnel components and two pipe fitting mouth component four parts are connected, there is shop bolt junction, special pipe fitting mouth is installed on described common-use tunnel component one side or both sides, just can form " threeway rotary folding special pipe fitting " or " four-way rotary folding special pipe fitting ".
2. agricultural casting machine according to claim 1, described plane watering structure, comprise: water inlet switch, filter, controlled water pressure gauge, shunting aqueduct, water delivery short tube, spray transverse tube, water pipe movable joint, it is characterized in that: shunting aqueduct is herringbone or dome circular array, T-junction pipe is also had to connect in the middle of shunting aqueduct, two sprinkling transverse tubes are laterally arranged in parallel, and centre has many water delivery short tubes to be communicated with, the back lower place of two sprinkling transverse tubes is drilled with arranges aperture more, water pipe movable joint is equipped with at two sprinkling transverse tube middles place, below plane watering structure, three portable traveling travelling wheels are installed, comprise a front-wheel and two trailing wheels, distribution triangular in shape, three portable traveling travelling wheels can reconcile the height of plane watering structure respectively, and adjustment level device is also equipped with in the top of front-wheel, plane watering superstructure is installed two and is supported post, and to sprinkle water structure vertical with plane, connecting plane watering structure pipe fitting used is " special pipe fitting ", " circular hole special pipe fitting " and " rotary folding special pipe fitting ", described sprinkling transverse tube, several water blocking devices are also equipped with in addition, described sprinkling transverse tube, also three can also be designed to, the used time can not fold described plane watering structure.
3. agricultural casting machine according to claim 1, described plane watering structure, comprise: water inlet switch, filter, controlled water pressure gauge, shunting aqueduct, spray transverse tube, water delivery short tube, it is characterized in that: the font arrangement in a font arrangement or in dome of shunting aqueduct, a transverse tube and middle aqueduct interconnection is had in the middle of after the intersection summit of shunting aqueduct, shunting aqueduct is that the stainless steel tube do not waited by two sections of diameters is nested together, festoon joint is equipped with in centre, spray transverse tube laterally arranged in parallel, and centre has many water delivery short tubes to be communicated with, the back lower place of two sprinkling transverse tubes is drilled with arranges aperture more, below plane watering structure, three portable traveling travelling wheels are installed, comprise a front-wheel and two trailing wheels, distribution triangular in shape, three portable traveling travelling wheels can reconcile the height of plane watering structure respectively, and adjustment level device is also equipped with in the top of front-wheel, plane watering superstructure is installed two and is supported post, and to sprinkle water structure vertical with plane, connecting plane watering structure pipe fitting used is " special pipe fitting ", " circular hole special pipe fitting " and " rotary folding special pipe fitting ", described sprinkling transverse tube, several water blocking devices are also equipped with in addition, described portable traveling travelling wheel can also be designed to four, the used time can not fold described plane watering structure.
4. agricultural casting machine according to claim 1, described plane watering structure, comprise: water inlet switch, filter, controlled water pressure gauge, shunting aqueduct, spray transverse tube, spray little transverse tube, water delivery short tube, it is characterized in that: shunting aqueduct is circular array or is dome circular array, T-junction pipeline is also had to connect after the intersection summit of shunting aqueduct, shunting aqueduct is that the stainless steel tube do not waited by two sections of diameters is nested together, festoon joint is equipped with in centre, sprinkling transverse tube is transversely arranged, two are sprayed little transverse tube and are arranged on the back of spraying transverse tube respectively, parallel with sprinkling transverse tube, and be communicated with sprinkling transverse tube respectively by water delivery short tube, spray transverse tube and spray little transverse tube both sides and lower drill with ferrule many rows aperture, below plane watering structure, three portable traveling travelling wheels are installed, comprise a front-wheel and two trailing wheels, distribution triangular in shape, three portable traveling travelling wheels can reconcile the height of plane watering structure respectively, and adjustment level device is also equipped with in the top of front-wheel, plane watering superstructure is installed two and is supported post, and to sprinkle water structure vertical with plane, the pipe fitting connecting plane watering structure used is " special pipe fitting ", " circular hole special pipe fitting " and " rotary folding special pipe fitting ", described sprinkling transverse tube, several water blocking devices are also equipped with in addition, the used time can not fold described plane watering structure.
5. agricultural casting machine according to claim 1, the power traction system that described drive plane watering structure is walked forward, comprise seizing wire, little rolling wheel, micromachine, demodulator, it is characterized in that: little rolling wheel, small power, demodulator is mounted on one piece, be fixed on plane watering structure foremost or be fixed on plane watering structure, some meters, dead ahead, a little rolling wheel of winding of seizing wire, other end is fixed on plane watering, some meters, dead ahead of structure or traction plane watering structure foremost, controlled water pressure gauge is according to the pressure of water, produce induced signal, the speed that energy control plane watering structure is walked forward, described traction power, can also walk forward by Direct driver front-wheel, described traction power, also able person's control and remote control, described little rolling wheel, can also be walked forward by the little rolling wheel of artificial Direct driver.
6. agricultural casting machine according to claim 1, described stainless steel telescopic pipes, it is characterized in that: the stainless steel tube of several increasing diameter or arrangement of successively decreasing, be nested together, one end of each root steel pipe is equipped with gasket set, and other end pipe tail inside contracts or draws together outward, makes outer and inner tube stretchy, water-tight, do not come off.
CN201420205676.XU 2013-05-05 2014-04-18 Agricultural casting machine Expired - Fee Related CN204244845U (en)

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CN102415311A (en) * 2011-08-31 2012-04-18 刘碰 Farmland irrigating machine
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