CN204234452U - Consumer waste incineration complete set of equipments - Google Patents

Consumer waste incineration complete set of equipments Download PDF

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CN204234452U
CN204234452U CN201420445624.XU CN201420445624U CN204234452U CN 204234452 U CN204234452 U CN 204234452U CN 201420445624 U CN201420445624 U CN 201420445624U CN 204234452 U CN204234452 U CN 204234452U
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梅广勇
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梅广勇
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Abstract

One way of life waste incineration complete set of equipments, comprise unloading deck 2, magnetic separator 3, deodorizing apparatus 4, conveyer 5, trash repository 6, reservoir 7, filtrate pump 8, driving grab bucket 9, material conveyor 10, dewaterer 11, dryer 13, three grades of pulverizers 15, batcher 17, twin chamber's incinerator 18, primary air fan 19, overfire air fan 20, drum 21, Turbo-generator Set 22, other gas utilization unit 23, an air-introduced machine 24, material analyzing room 26, material proportion room 27, batch bin 28, magnetic separator 29, tertiary crusher 30, material storage compartment 31, secondary agitation is to roller 32, automatic moulding machine 33, automatic stock cutter 34, automatic stacking machine 36, kiln car 37, once-firing tunnel cave 38, air blast 39, total air-introduced machine 40, one-level wind energy gas wash tower 41, secondary wind energy deacidification tower 42, waste heat fan 44, heat energy blower fan 45 and Master Control Room 46.100% production domesticization, is applicable to above city, China town and uses, as main point of economic increase.

Description

Consumer waste incineration complete set of equipments
Technical field the utility model belongs to Domestic garbage treatment equipment technical field, relates to consumer waste incineration complete set of equipments specifically.
The existing Treatment Way of Municipal Refuse in City of background technology has three kinds: landfill, compost and burning.Landfill will consider landform, geological conditions, prevents surface water, underground water pollution, the factors such as occupation of land, is not final way; Compost requires biodegradable organic >=10% in rubbish, otherwise useless, only accounts for about 20% of primary quantity, and remaining rubbish still processes through alternate manner; Burning is effectively trash processing way, current garbage incineration technology mainly contains grate furnace technology, fluidization, rotary kiln technology and gasification&melting technology, these four kinds of incineration technologies need to add exotic fuels and carry out combustion-supporting when burning away the refuse, and the waste water before burning, the waste gas in burning and the slag after burning, need to look for place to process in addition, due to above-mentioned, cause garbage burning factory invest large, operation and maintenance expenses are high, be difficult to popularize in China.
Summary of the invention the purpose of this utility model is the deficiency for existing garbage incineration technology, there is provided that a kind of investment is little, operation and maintenance expenses are low, be applicable to the complete treatment facility of consumer waste incineration that the above city of China's town level uses, thus reach that rubbish produces on the spot, digests on the spot, the object of the treatment of wastes with processes of wastes against one another.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that consumer waste incineration complete set of equipments is by unloading deck, magnetic separator, deodorizing apparatus, conveyer, trash repository, reservoir, filtrate pump, driving grab bucket, material conveyor, dewaterer, dryer, three grades of pulverizers, batcher, twin chamber's incinerator, primary air fan, overfire air fan, drum, Turbo-generator Set, an air-introduced machine, material analyzing room, material proportion room, batch bin, magnetic separator, tertiary crusher, material storage compartment, secondary agitation is to roller, automatic moulding machine, automatic stock cutter, automatic stacking machine, kiln car, once-firing tunnel cave, air blast, total air-introduced machine, one-level wind energy gas wash tower, secondary wind energy deacidification tower, waste heat fan, heat energy blower fan and Master Control Room composition.Unloading deck, magnetic separator, deodorizing apparatus, conveyer, trash repository, reservoir, filtrate pump, driving grab bucket form the first workshop section of the present utility model: house refuse pretreatment; Material conveyor, dewaterer, dryer, three grades of pulverizers, batcher, twin chamber's incinerator, primary air fan, overfire air fan, drum, Turbo-generator Set, other gas utilization units form the second workshop section of the present utility model: waste incineration, and twin chamber's incinerator is made up of fast burn room and combustion chamber, two, lingering room; Air-introduced machine, material analyzing room, material proportion room, batch bin, magnetic separator, tertiary crusher, material storage compartment, secondary agitation become the 3rd workshop section of the present utility model to roller, automatic moulding machine, automatic stock cutter, automatic stacking machine, kiln car, once-firing tunnel cave, air blast, total air-introduced machine, one-level wind energy gas wash tower, secondary wind energy deacidification tower, waste heat fan, heat energy wind mechanism: post processing, once-firing tunnel cave by kiln hood, kiln and kiln tail form; Master Control Room is control centre of the present utility model.
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is realized by following technology, the thermal source of twin chamber's incinerator is provided the heat smoke of 900 ~ 1100 DEG C by once-firing tunnel cave, the crude waste of 2 ~ 5mm solid granular 850 ~ 900 DEG C of burner hearth combustion, fresh air in primary air fan and overfire air fan supplementary furnace.
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is realized by following technology, slag after burning, flyash/spoil/shale, building waste carry out stoicheiometry after composition and calorific value by analysis, form internal combustion sintering stock, stock enters once-firing tunnel cave and is once fired into building materials after shaping, blank and code material.
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is realized by following technology, and the heat smoke that once-firing tunnel cave produces when burning building materials guides to twin chamber's incinerator by heat energy blower fan, as the thermal source of twin chamber's incinerator.
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is realized by following technology, and the waste gas that twin chamber's incinerator produces when burning away the refuse introduces once-firing tunnel cave by an air-introduced machine, and the harmful components in waste gas, while the wet embryo of oven dry, are adsorbed by wet embryo.
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is realized by following technology, and the wet embryo having adsorbed the harmful components in waste gas carries out internal combustion sintering in tunnel cave, and various harmful components are cured in stock.
The utility model has the advantages that: compared with prior art, 100% production domesticization, do not limit by place, initial cost is little, operation and maintenance expenses are low, is very applicable to the construction of town first class city, and as the new source of economic growth.
Accompanying drawing illustrates that accompanying drawing of the present utility model has:
Fig. 1 domestic waste incineration process schematic diagram
Fig. 2 domestic garbage incineration equipment schematic diagram
Detailed description of the invention is as Fig. 2, and one way of life waste incineration complete set of equipments, comprises unloading deck (2), magnetic separator (3), deodorizing apparatus (4), conveyer (5), trash repository (6), reservoir (7), filtrate pump (8), driving grab bucket (9), material conveyor (10, 12, 14, 16), dewaterer (11), dryer (13), three grades of pulverizers (15), batcher (17), twin chamber's incinerator (18), primary air fan (19), overfire air fan (20), drum (21), Turbo-generator Set (22), other gas utilization unit (23), an air-introduced machine (24), material analyzing room (26), material proportion room (27), batch bin (28), magnetic separator (29), tertiary crusher (30), material thing storage compartment (31), secondary agitation is to roller (32), automatic moulding machine (33), automatic stock cutter (34), automatic stacking machine (36), kiln car (37), once-firing tunnel cave (38), air blast (39), total air-introduced machine (40), one-level wind energy gas wash tower (41), secondary wind energy deacidification tower (42), waste heat fan (44), heat energy blower fan (45), Master Control Room (46).
Below in conjunction with Fig. 1, the utility model is further described:
First workshop section: house refuse pretreatment
Crude waste 1 is transported to unloading deck 2 by load wagon, is evenly discharged on material conveyor 5 by crude waste 1, and the metal in crude waste 1, when material conveyor 5 passes through at a slow speed, is selected by magnetic separator 3; Then by the sprinkling microbial deodorant of deodorizing apparatus 4 all standing, the stink of crude waste is removed, finally enter trash repository 6 and store; The waste liquid that deodorizing apparatus 4 trash repository 6 produces, concentrates on reservoir 7 according to deadweight, delivers to secondary agitation to roller 32 by filtrate pump 8.
Second workshop section: waste incineration
Deliver to material conveyor 10 at the crude waste 1 of trash repository 6 storage by driving grab bucket 9 and enter dewaterer 11, remove the moisture content in crude waste 1, remove the water got off and flow to reservoir 7 according to deadweight, crude waste 1 after dehydration enters dryer 13 through material conveyor 12 and removes moisture content further, and the thermal source of dryer 13 is supplied by waste heat fan 44, crude waste 1 after oven dry is sent into three grades of pulverizers 15 by material conveyor 14 and is pulverized, and in three grades of pulverizers 15, crude waste 1 is ground into the solid granular of particle diameter 2 ~ 5mm, crude waste after pulverizing is sent into twin chamber's incinerator 18 through material conveyor 16 by batcher 17 and is burned, twin chamber's incinerator 18 is made up of fast burn room and combustion chamber, two, lingering room, the effect of fast burn room is as rubber by high for little for proportion calorific value chloride many rubbish, polybag, fast pyrogenation within a short period of time such as foam, the rubbish lower than great calorific value thoroughly burns within the relatively long time as waited more than kitchen by the effect first of lingering room, its two be burning fast burn room produce the stupid waste gas of chlorine, except first time igniting needs refuelling, the heat energy of twin chamber's incinerator 18 is supplied by the heat energy blower fan 45 of once-firing tunnel cave 38, twin chamber's incinerator 18 is when burning away the refuse, and primary air fan 19 pairs of fast burn rooms supplement fresh air, and overfire air fan 20 pairs of lingering rooms supplement fresh air.The steam that twin chamber's incinerator 18 produces when burning away the refuse enters drum 21, then goes Turbo-generator Set 22, and pushing turbine generates electricity, and when steam is superfluous, is distributed steam is used for other gas utilization unit 23 by drum.
3rd workshop section: post processing
Often criticize slag/gangue/building waste 25 after material analyzing room 26 inner analysis chemical composition and calorific value, enter material proportion room 27 and slag/gangue/building waste 25 is carried out laboratory proportioning by composition and calorific value; Slag/gangue/the building waste 25 completing laboratory proportioning is mixed with internal combustion sintering stock in batch bin 28, removed the metal in stock again by magnetic separator 29 after, enter tertiary crusher 30 and stock is ground into particle diameter at 2 ~ 5mm particle, be placed on storage in material storage compartment 31; During production, stock delivers to secondary agitation to roller 32 by the grab bucket in material storage compartment 31, and filtrate pump 8 pairs of secondary agitations carry out moisturizing to roller 32, and insufficient section is supplemented by running water; The stock that mixes of adding water enters automatic moulding machine 33 and is pressed into solid shape, after automatic stock cutter 34 is cut into full-length, piles up on kiln car 37 by automatic stacking machine 36; Once-firing tunnel cave 38 by kiln hood, kiln and kiln tail form, kiln hood is the porch of stock, and for drying wet stock, being called mummification district, is combustion zone in kiln, and stock carries out internal combustion sintering at this, and kiln tail is the outlet of finished product, for heat radiation, be called radiating area; The kiln car 37 piling up wet embryo enters the mummification district of once-firing tunnel cave 38 lentamente, the flue gas produced when No. one time twin chamber's incinerator 18 is burnt away the refuse by air-introduced machine 24 is introduced, flue gas flows between wet embryo, while drying wet embryo, harmful components wet embryo absorption, along with kiln car 37 slowly movement, stock carries out internal combustion sintering in the combustion zone of once-firing tunnel cave 38, and harmful components are solidificated in stock, the heat energy that the combustion zone of once-firing tunnel cave 38 produces when stock internal combustion sinters is guided in twin chamber's incinerator 18 by heat energy blower fan 45; Kiln car 37 continues the radiating area moving to once-firing tunnel cave 38, and waste heat distributes at this by the finished product baked, and is guided to kiln hood and dry rubbish for dryer 13 by waste heat fan 44; Air blast 39 enters sufficient air to once-firing tunnel cave 38 drum, and the flue gas of a part is extracted into one-level wind energy gas wash tower 41 and the secondary wind energy tower 42 that deacidifies by total air-introduced machine 40 and carries out purified treatment, after enter air 43.
Master Control Room 46 is control centres of consumer waste incineration complete set of equipments.

Claims (1)

1. one way of life waste incineration complete set of equipments, comprises unloading deck (2), magnetic separator (3), deodorizing apparatus (4), conveyer (5), trash repository (6), reservoir (7), filtrate pump (8), driving grab bucket (9), material conveyor (10, 12, 14, 16), dewaterer (11), dryer (13), three grades of pulverizers (15), batcher (17), twin chamber's incinerator (18), primary air fan (19), overfire air fan (20), drum (21), Turbo-generator Set (22), other gas utilization unit (23), an air-introduced machine (24), material analyzing room (26), material proportion room (27), batch bin (28), magnetic separator (29), tertiary crusher (30), material storage compartment (31), secondary agitation is to roller (32), automatic moulding machine (33), automatic stock cutter (34), automatic stacking machine (36), kiln car (37), once-firing tunnel cave (38), air blast (39), total air-introduced machine (40), one-level wind energy gas wash tower (41), secondary wind energy deacidification tower (42), waste heat fan (44), heat energy blower fan (45) and Master Control Room (46), it is characterized in that: twin chamber's incinerator (18) is made up of fast burn room and combustion chamber, two, lingering room, and primary air fan (19) supplements air to fast burn room, and overfire air fan (20) supplements air to lingering room, once-firing tunnel cave (38) by kiln hood, kiln and kiln tail form, No. one time the flue gas of twin chamber's incinerator (18) is introduced once-firing tunnel cave (38) kiln hood by air-introduced machine (24), the waste heat of once-firing tunnel cave (38) kiln tail is guided to dryer (13) by waste heat fan (44), heat energy in once-firing tunnel cave (38) kiln is guided to twin chamber's incinerator (18) by heat energy blower fan (45), and air blast (39) enters air to once-firing tunnel cave (38) drum.
CN201420445624.XU 2014-08-02 2014-08-02 Consumer waste incineration complete set of equipments Active CN204234452U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104874580A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-09-02 四川和鼎环保工程有限责任公司 City solid household garbage treating system
CN107662914A (en) * 2017-10-13 2018-02-06 河北睿索固废工程技术研究院有限公司 Utilize the method and processing system of tunnel cave charing house refuse

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104874580A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-09-02 四川和鼎环保工程有限责任公司 City solid household garbage treating system
CN107662914A (en) * 2017-10-13 2018-02-06 河北睿索固废工程技术研究院有限公司 Utilize the method and processing system of tunnel cave charing house refuse
CN107662914B (en) * 2017-10-13 2020-08-11 河北睿索固废工程技术研究院有限公司 Method and treatment system for carbonizing household garbage by using tunnel kiln

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