CN204229743U - A kind of gear enveloping apparatus for demonstrating for imparting knowledge to students - Google Patents

A kind of gear enveloping apparatus for demonstrating for imparting knowledge to students Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204229743U
CN204229743U CN201420742410.9U CN201420742410U CN204229743U CN 204229743 U CN204229743 U CN 204229743U CN 201420742410 U CN201420742410 U CN 201420742410U CN 204229743 U CN204229743 U CN 204229743U
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China
Prior art keywords
gear
supporting plate
pressing plate
clutch discs
base
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201420742410.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈哲权
任继国
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Ningbo University
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Ningbo University
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Priority to CN201420742410.9U priority Critical patent/CN204229743U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of gear enveloping apparatus for demonstrating for imparting knowledge to students, comprise base, supporting plate and the semicircle substrate for fixing whatman, supporting plate is provided with gear profile line and automatically draws mechanism, semicircle substrate axis to be connected on base and to be positioned at the front that outline line draws mechanism automatically, and feature base is provided with pallets level intermittent movement mechanism; As long as advantage is that whatman is fixed on semicircle substrate, and whatman is placed in the below of soft tooth bar seal, then shake the involute contour that driving handle just can draw out gear automatically on whatman, its speed is fast, efficiency is high.

Description

A kind of gear enveloping apparatus for demonstrating for imparting knowledge to students
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of apparatus for demonstrating for mechanical principle teaching, particularly relating to a kind of gear enveloping apparatus for demonstrating for imparting knowledge to students.
Background technology
Study mechanical principle course in, student need understand gear enveloping motion principle, namely in gear profile of tooth be processed to form process.At present, school all passes through to arrange involute profile meshed experiment class usually, and adopts gear model for demonstration purpose, and that simulates gear-profile is processed to form process, so that allow student can understand Gear Enveloping Principle preferably.But current gear model for demonstration purpose, needs the tooth bar of student's fretting simulation cutter, while draw the outline line of tooth bar with pen on paper, fine motion is once drawn once, until draw involute profile on paper, length consuming time, efficiency of teaching is low.
Summary of the invention
Technical matters to be solved by this invention be to provide a kind of consuming time short, efficiency of teaching is high and can show the gear enveloping apparatus for demonstrating for imparting knowledge to students of Gear Enveloping Principle better.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above adopted technical scheme: a kind of gear enveloping apparatus for demonstrating for imparting knowledge to students, comprise base, supporting plate and the semicircle substrate for fixing whatman, described supporting plate is provided with gear profile line and automatically draws mechanism, described semicircle substrate axis to be connected on described base and to be positioned at the front that described outline line draws mechanism automatically, described base is provided with pallets level intermittent movement mechanism, described pallets level intermittent movement mechanism comprises the driving handle be coupling respectively on described base, first driven wheel, first follower gear and drive screw, axial clutch assembly is provided with between described driving handle and the first described driven wheel, the first described driven wheel is meshed with the first described follower gear, described drive screw is horizontally disposed with and is coaxially fixedly connected with the first described follower gear, one end of described supporting plate is fixedly connected with drive nut, described drive nut and described drive screw bolt, described base is fixedly installed guide rail, described supporting plate horizontally slips with described guide rail and coordinates.
Described axial clutch assembly comprises clutch discs and gear wheel, one end end winding support of described driving handle is connected with the coupling shaft of the central axis symmetry of the driving handle described at least two edges, described clutch discs is enclosed within described coupling shaft, described coupling shaft is arranged with spring, described spring top is connected between described driving handle and described clutch discs, the first described driven wheel is coaxially connected with terminal pad, the end face of described terminal pad has been wholely set friction disc, described friction disc and described clutch discs fit, the end face of described clutch discs is wholely set one section of annular axial boss, described base is fixedly installed gear wheel seat, described gear wheel is coupling in the upper end of described gear wheel seat and perpendicular with described clutch discs, when described clutch discs turn to described axial boss contact with described gear wheel time, clutch discs described in described gear wheel promotes moves axially and makes described clutch discs leave described friction disc.
Described gear profile line is automatically drawn mechanism and is comprised pressing plate, depression bar, soft tooth bar seal, second driven wheel, second follower gear and cam, rear end and the described supporting plate of described pressing plate are hinged, torsion spring is provided with between described pressing plate and described supporting plate, described depression bar and the second described follower gear are coupling respectively on described base, described depression bar is fixedly installed briquetting, described briquetting is pressed on the upper surface of described pressing plate, described soft tooth bar seal is fixedly installed on the lower surface of described pressing plate, the circumferencial direction of described semicircle substrate is wound with stay cord, the left end of described stay cord is fixedly connected with the right-hand member of described supporting plate, the right-hand member of described stay cord is fixedly connected with the left end of described supporting plate, the second described driven wheel is coaxially fixedly connected on described driving handle, the second described driven wheel is meshed with the second described follower gear, described cam coaxial is fixedly connected on the second described follower gear, described cam is positioned at the top of described depression bar, when described clutch discs just turned to described axial boss contact with described gear wheel time, described cam has just depressed described depression bar, make the described pressing plate described in briquetting pressure, turn over certain angle when described cam and do not press described depression bar, when described pressing plate upwards lifts reset under described torsion spring effect, axial boss in described clutch discs turns over described gear wheel, described clutch discs and described friction disc the first driven wheel described in driving of fitting rotates.
Described pressing plate is the forming process of transparent pressing plate, the involute profile of gear convenient for student viewing.
Described pressing plate is provided with movable governor motion, described movable governor motion comprises auxiliary drop panel, adjusting screw(rod) and regulating nut, described auxiliary drop panel is positioned at the top of described supporting plate and coordinates with described supporting plate slide anteroposterior, described adjusting screw(rod) is coupling on described supporting plate, described regulating nut is fixedly connected on described auxiliary drop panel, described regulating nut and described adjusting screw(rod) bolt, rear end and the described auxiliary drop panel of described pressing plate are hinged, described torsion spring is arranged between described auxiliary drop panel and described pressing plate, by regulating movable governor motion, the front and back position (namely simulating the front and back position of cutter) of adjustable soft tooth bar seal, for drawing out the profile of tooth after standard tooth form and under cut, can allow student produces to the profile of tooth after under cut, gear the reason that root cuts, the method for avoiding root to cut have more really understanding with understand.
Compared with prior art, as long as advantage of the present invention is that whatman is fixed on semicircle substrate, and whatman is placed in the below of soft tooth bar seal, then shake the involute contour that driving handle just can draw out gear automatically on whatman, its speed is fast, efficiency is high; And owing to being provided with axial clutch assembly between driving handle and the first driven wheel, when briquetting is when pressing pressing plate when tooth bar profile vestige (soft tooth bar seal print on whatman under), supporting plate stops moving left and right, now whatman also stops operating simultaneously, prevents when impression tooth bar profile because whatman also causes the flank profil " hangover " impressed out fuzzy in rotation; In addition, be fixedly connected with because semicircle substrate to be intersected with supporting plate by stay cord, supporting plate is while moving left and right, semicircle substrate is at synchronous axial system, to simulate the transmission process of wheel blank and cutter, compared with the transmission process adopting wheel and rack transmission to realize between wheel blank with cutter with traditional gear model for demonstration purpose, achieve gapless driving, make the profile of tooth drawn out more clear.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is perspective view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the enlarged diagram at A place in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is vertical view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the enlarged diagram at B place in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is clutch discs of the present invention and the schematic diagram of terminal pad when released state.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
As shown in the figure, a kind of gear enveloping apparatus for demonstrating for imparting knowledge to students, comprise base 1, supporting plate 2 and the semicircle substrate 3 for fixing whatman, supporting plate 2 is provided with gear profile line and automatically draws mechanism, semicircle substrate 3 to be coupling on base 1 and to be positioned at the front that outline line draws mechanism automatically, base 1 is provided with pallets level intermittent movement mechanism, pallets level intermittent movement mechanism comprises the driving handle 4 be coupling respectively on base 1, first driven wheel 5, first follower gear 6 and drive screw 7, axial clutch assembly is provided with between driving handle 4 and the first driven wheel 5, axial clutch assembly comprises clutch discs 8 and gear wheel 9, one end end winding support of driving handle 4 is connected with two coupling shafts 41 along the central axis symmetry of driving handle 4, clutch discs 8 is enclosed within coupling shaft 41, coupling shaft 41 is arranged with spring 42, spring 42 apical grafting is between driving handle 4 and clutch discs 8, first driven wheel 5 is coaxially connected with terminal pad 51, the end face of terminal pad 51 has been wholely set friction disc 52, friction disc 52 and clutch discs 8 fit, the end face of clutch discs 8 is wholely set one section of annular axial boss 81, base 1 is fixedly installed gear wheel seat 10, gear wheel 9 is coupling in the upper end of gear wheel seat 10 and perpendicular with clutch discs 8, when clutch discs 8 turn to axial boss 81 contact with gear wheel 9 time, gear wheel 9 promotes clutch discs 8 and moves axially and make clutch discs 8 leave friction disc 52, first driven wheel 5 is meshed with the first follower gear 6, drive screw 7 is horizontally disposed with and is coaxially fixedly connected with the first follower gear 6, one end of supporting plate 2 is fixedly connected with drive nut 21, drive nut 21 and drive screw 7 bolt, base 1 is fixedly installed guide rail 11, supporting plate 2 horizontally slips with guide rail 11 and coordinates,
Gear profile line is automatically drawn mechanism and is comprised pressing plate 12, depression bar 13, soft tooth bar seal 14, second driven wheel 15, second follower gear 16 and cam 17, pressing plate 12 is provided with movable governor motion, movable governor motion comprises auxiliary drop panel 18, adjusting screw(rod) 19 and regulating nut (not shown), auxiliary drop panel 18 is positioned at the top of supporting plate 2 and coordinates with supporting plate 2 slide anteroposterior, adjusting screw(rod) 19 is coupling on supporting plate 2, regulating nut (not shown) is fixedly connected on auxiliary drop panel 18, regulating nut (not shown) and adjusting screw(rod) 19 bolt, rear end and the auxiliary drop panel 18 of pressing plate 12 are hinged, torsion spring 20 is provided with between auxiliary drop panel 18 and pressing plate 12, depression bar 13 and the second follower gear 16 are coupling respectively on base 1, depression bar 13 is fixedly installed briquetting 131, briquetting 131 is pressed on the upper surface of pressing plate 12, soft tooth bar seal 14 is fixedly installed on the lower surface of pressing plate 12, the circumferencial direction of semicircle substrate 3 is wound with stay cord 31, the left end of stay cord 31 is fixedly connected with the right-hand member of supporting plate 2, the right-hand member of stay cord 31 is fixedly connected with the left end of supporting plate 2, second driven wheel 15 is coaxially fixedly connected on driving handle 4, second driven wheel 15 is meshed with the second follower gear 16, cam 17 is coaxially fixedly connected on the second follower gear 16, cam 17 is positioned at the top of depression bar 13, when clutch discs 8 just turned to axial boss 81 contact with gear wheel 9 time, cam 17 has just depressed depression bar 13, briquetting 131 is made to depress pressing plate 12, when cam 17 turns over certain angle and not moulded rod 13, when pressing plate 12 upwards lifts reset under torsion spring 20 acts on, axial boss 81 in clutch discs 8 turns over gear wheel 9, clutch discs 8 and friction disc 52 drive first driven wheel 5 of fitting rotates.
In above-described embodiment, pressing plate 12 can adopt transparent pressing plate.

Claims (5)

1. the gear enveloping apparatus for demonstrating for imparting knowledge to students, comprise base, supporting plate and the semicircle substrate for fixing whatman, described supporting plate is provided with gear profile line and automatically draws mechanism, described semicircle substrate axis to be connected on described base and to be positioned at the front that described outline line draws mechanism automatically, it is characterized in that described base being provided with pallets level intermittent movement mechanism, described pallets level intermittent movement mechanism comprises the driving handle be coupling respectively on described base, first driven wheel, first follower gear and drive screw, axial clutch assembly is provided with between described driving handle and the first described driven wheel, the first described driven wheel is meshed with the first described follower gear, described drive screw is horizontally disposed with and is coaxially fixedly connected with the first described follower gear, one end of described supporting plate is fixedly connected with drive nut, described drive nut and described drive screw bolt, described base is fixedly installed guide rail, described supporting plate horizontally slips with described guide rail and coordinates.
2. a kind of gear enveloping apparatus for demonstrating for imparting knowledge to students as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described axial clutch assembly comprises clutch discs and gear wheel, one end end winding support of described driving handle is connected with the coupling shaft of the central axis symmetry of the driving handle described at least two edges, described clutch discs is enclosed within described coupling shaft, described coupling shaft is arranged with spring, described spring top is connected between described driving handle and described clutch discs, the first described driven wheel is coaxially connected with terminal pad, the end face of described terminal pad has been wholely set friction disc, described friction disc and described clutch discs fit, the end face of described clutch discs is wholely set one section of annular axial boss, described base is fixedly installed gear wheel seat, described gear wheel is coupling in the upper end of described gear wheel seat and perpendicular with described clutch discs, when described clutch discs turn to described axial boss contact with described gear wheel time, clutch discs described in described gear wheel promotes moves axially and makes described clutch discs leave described friction disc.
3. a kind of gear enveloping apparatus for demonstrating for imparting knowledge to students as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that described gear profile line is automatically drawn mechanism and comprised pressing plate, depression bar, soft tooth bar seal, second driven wheel, second follower gear and cam, rear end and the described supporting plate of described pressing plate are hinged, torsion spring is provided with between described pressing plate and described supporting plate, described depression bar and the second described follower gear are coupling respectively on described base, described depression bar is fixedly installed briquetting, described briquetting is pressed on the upper surface of described pressing plate, described soft tooth bar seal is fixedly installed on the lower surface of described pressing plate, the circumferencial direction of described semicircle substrate is wound with stay cord, the left end of described stay cord is fixedly connected with the right-hand member of described supporting plate, the right-hand member of described stay cord is fixedly connected with the left end of described supporting plate, the second described driven wheel is coaxially fixedly connected on described driving handle, the second described driven wheel is meshed with the second described follower gear, described cam coaxial is fixedly connected on the second described follower gear, described cam is positioned at the top of described depression bar, when described clutch discs just turned to described axial boss contact with described gear wheel time, described cam has just depressed described depression bar, make the described pressing plate described in briquetting pressure, turn over certain angle when described cam and do not press described depression bar, when described pressing plate upwards lifts reset under described torsion spring effect, axial boss in described clutch discs turns over described gear wheel, described clutch discs and described friction disc the first driven wheel described in driving of fitting rotates.
4. a kind of gear enveloping apparatus for demonstrating for imparting knowledge to students as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that described pressing plate is transparent pressing plate.
5. a kind of gear enveloping apparatus for demonstrating for imparting knowledge to students as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that described pressing plate is provided with movable governor motion, described movable governor motion comprises auxiliary drop panel, adjusting screw(rod) and regulating nut, described auxiliary drop panel is positioned at the top of described supporting plate and coordinates with described supporting plate slide anteroposterior, described adjusting screw(rod) is coupling on described supporting plate, described regulating nut is fixedly connected on described auxiliary drop panel, described regulating nut and described adjusting screw(rod) bolt, rear end and the described auxiliary drop panel of described pressing plate are hinged, described torsion spring is arranged between described auxiliary drop panel and described pressing plate.
CN201420742410.9U 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 A kind of gear enveloping apparatus for demonstrating for imparting knowledge to students Withdrawn - After Issue CN204229743U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420742410.9U CN204229743U (en) 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 A kind of gear enveloping apparatus for demonstrating for imparting knowledge to students

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420742410.9U CN204229743U (en) 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 A kind of gear enveloping apparatus for demonstrating for imparting knowledge to students

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104361821A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-02-18 宁波大学 Gear generating presentation device for teaching
CN108922361A (en) * 2018-07-06 2018-11-30 大连交通大学 spherical involute demonstration teaching aid

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104361821A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-02-18 宁波大学 Gear generating presentation device for teaching
CN104361821B (en) * 2014-11-28 2017-11-07 宁波大学 A kind of gear enveloping apparatus for demonstrating for being used to impart knowledge to students
CN108922361A (en) * 2018-07-06 2018-11-30 大连交通大学 spherical involute demonstration teaching aid

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20150325

Effective date of abandoning: 20171107