CN204215233U - Pick-up unit in power distribution room supervisory system - Google Patents

Pick-up unit in power distribution room supervisory system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204215233U
CN204215233U CN201420512435.XU CN201420512435U CN204215233U CN 204215233 U CN204215233 U CN 204215233U CN 201420512435 U CN201420512435 U CN 201420512435U CN 204215233 U CN204215233 U CN 204215233U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
unit
detecting unit
power distribution
distribution room
detection unit
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420512435.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王和忠
吴皓
严俊
何成章
李小松
朱跃贴
南隆
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ZHEJIANG CATA POWER SWITCH CO Ltd
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ZHEJIANG CATA POWER SWITCH CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201420512435.XU priority Critical patent/CN204215233U/en
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Publication of CN204215233U publication Critical patent/CN204215233U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

The utility model discloses the pick-up unit in a kind of power distribution room supervisory system, comprise electric parameter measurement unit, temperature detecting unit, humidity detection unit, water logging detecting unit, gate inhibition's detecting unit and Smoke Detection unit, also comprise infrared detection unit, dust detecting unit, noise detection unit, intelligent processing unit and transmission unit; The output of temperature detecting unit, temperature detecting unit, water logging detecting unit, gate inhibition's detecting unit, Smoke Detection unit, infrared detection unit, dust detecting unit and noise detection unit is all coupled to intelligent processing unit; The output of intelligent processing unit is coupled to transmission unit.By adopting technique scheme, comprehensive descision can be carried out to the detection data of each detecting unit in advance, then be sent to Surveillance center according to estimate of situation, so, just effectively can reduce the charge capacity of the host computer system of Surveillance center, avoid causing blocking up of network.

Description

Pick-up unit in power distribution room supervisory system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of computer remote control system technical field, and more particularly, it relates to the pick-up unit in a kind of power distribution room supervisory system.
Background technology
Along with the develop rapidly of electric power network technique, the technology such as communication, computing machine, robotization obtain application extensively and profoundly in electrical network, and organically blend with conventional electric power technology, greatly improve the intelligent level of electrical network.The application in electrical network of sensor technology and infotech, for system state analysis and aid decision making provide technical support, makes electrical network self-healing become possibility.The maturation development of dispatching technique, automatic technology and flexible transmission technology, for the exploitation of regenerative resource and distributed power source provide basic guarantee.Improving of communication network and applying of user profile acquisition technique, facilitate the two-way interaction of electrical network and user.Along with the further developing of various new technology, to apply and integrated with physics grid height, intelligent grid arises at the historic moment.
Intelligent distribution network is one of important component part in intelligent grid, is the foundation stone of intelligent grid, it to realize power distribution network optimized operation, high-quality firm energy is provided and realizes the flexible interaction of power distribution network significant.Power distribution room is the critical component of intelligent distribution network, for a long time, power distribution room management work is the weak link of the reliability of electric power system operational management always, some power distribution room switch trips and power distribution room environment are crossed heat affecting equipment and are run, power distribution room water logging causes device damage, power distribution room equipment is stolen, both easy burning apparatus, also the normal electricity consumption situation of user is easily affected, and it is by geographical, weather, the many factors impacts such as environment, distribute in distributing, Regional Distribution is wide, the number of devices related to is huge, general all in several typical case's days in annual or per season, measure power distribution equipment one by one by staff and patrol and examine, result is time-consuming taking a lot of work, truth can not be reflected in time, can not solving practical problems in time, and when running into emergency, its positional information, there is multiple uncertain factor in failure causes etc., the repair and maintenance of power distribution room is more made to become staff's difficult problem to be solved.For solving this difficult problem, the application of computer control system is arisen at the historic moment, and the pick-up unit effect in power distribution room supervisory system is important.
At present, in more existing power distribution room supervisory systems, all is furnished with corresponding pick-up unit, this pick-up unit has the functions such as electric parameter measurement, temperature detection, Humidity Detection, water logging detection, Smoke Detection, it can detect in real time to the environment in power distribution room and the parameter on electrical network, these detect data can be transferred to Surveillance center, and then according to these detection data, Surveillance center determines whether power distribution room is in normal condition; In a city, because the quantity of power distribution room is many, the total amount of the detection data so produced every day is very huge, and each power distribution room will detect above-mentioned data and real-time these data are sent to the so a large amount of detection data of Surveillance center, probably can cause network congestion, and then cause the fault of host computer system.
In addition, because the environment around power distribution room is changeable, can not detect other some environmental factors, like this, will cause one can not being had well to understand to the real-time condition of power distribution room.
Utility model content
For the deficiency that prior art exists, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of pick-up unit detected in power distribution room supervisory system, there is comprehensive measuring ability, a comprehensively monitoring can be had to the real-time condition in power distribution room, in addition, effectively can also reduce the charge capacity of the host computer system of Surveillance center, avoid causing blocking up of network.
For achieving the above object, the utility model provides following technical scheme:
Pick-up unit in a kind of power distribution room supervisory system, comprise electric parameter measurement unit, temperature detecting unit, humidity detection unit, water logging detecting unit, gate inhibition's detecting unit and Smoke Detection unit, also comprise infrared detection unit, dust detecting unit, noise detection unit, intelligent processing unit and transmission unit;
The output of described temperature detecting unit, temperature detecting unit, water logging detecting unit, gate inhibition's detecting unit, Smoke Detection unit, infrared detection unit, dust detecting unit and noise detection unit is all coupled to described intelligent processing unit;
The output of described intelligent processing unit is coupled to described transmission unit.
Preferably, described intelligent processing unit comprises data acquisition portion and control part; The output of described temperature detecting unit, temperature detecting unit, water logging detecting unit, gate inhibition's detecting unit, Smoke Detection unit, infrared detection unit, dust detecting unit, noise detection unit is all coupled to described data acquisition portion, the output in described data acquisition portion is coupled to described control part, and the output of described control part is coupled to described transmission unit.
Preferably, described data acquisition portion is data collecting card.
Preferably, described control part is single-chip microcomputer.
Preferably, described transmission unit is fieldbus.
Preferably, described fieldbus is at least the one in profibus-dp, modbus and can.
Preferably, described transmission unit comprises GPRS/CDMA wireless communication module, MCU processing module.
In the utility model, the voltage of electrical parameters detection unit in detection of grid and electric current whether normal, whether temperature detecting unit is normal for the temperature detected in power distribution room, whether humidity detection unit is normal for the air humidity detected in power distribution room, whether water logging detecting unit intakes for detecting in power distribution room, gate inhibition's detecting unit is used for preventing unrelated person from entering in power distribution room, Smoke Detection unit is for detecting in power distribution room whether have smog, infrared detection unit is for detecting in power distribution room whether have toy or people, described dust detecting unit is for detecting the dust concentration in power distribution room in air, noise detection unit is for detecting in power distribution room whether have excessive noise.
Compared with prior art, the utility model is by adopting technique scheme, above-mentioned detecting unit is all connected with data acquisition portion, this data acquisition portion is a kind of known data collecting card, it has powerful data acquisition function, the detection data of above-mentioned detecting unit can be gathered, and be transferred to single-chip microcomputer, above-mentioned detection data and the higher limit preset can compare by single-chip microcomputer, if so above-mentioned detection data exceed default higher limit, single-chip microcomputer will send detection data to Surveillance center to by transmission unit, if above-mentioned detection data do not exceed default higher limit, so single-chip microcomputer will dispose the detection data received from data collecting card, again receive next group and detect data, so, the detection data just achieved detected by each detecting unit above-mentioned directly can not be sent to Surveillance center, but have passed above-mentioned single-chip microcomputer to carry out an automatic Intelligent treatment, if detect the value that data have exceeded preliminary election setting, just above-mentioned detection data can be sent to Surveillance center, so this makes it possible to the transmission that a large amount of minimizings detects data, thus reduce the load of the host computer system of Surveillance center, avoid causing blocking up of network, further, the utilization of above-mentioned infrared detection unit, dust detecting unit, noise detection unit makes the function of whole pick-up unit abundanter, can meet in different complex environments, the real-time condition in power distribution room detected really.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram that the utility model embodiment utilizes fieldbus;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram that the utility model embodiment utilizes wireless telecommunications.
Description of reference numerals: 1, intelligent processing unit, 101, data acquisition portion, 102, control part, 2, electrical parameter measuring module, 3, temperature detecting module, 4, humidity detecting module, 5, infrared detection module, 6, Smoke Detection module, 7, door Magnetic testi module, 8, water logging detection module, 9, dust detection module, 10, noise detection module, 11, transmission unit, 1101, fieldbus, 1111, GPRS/CDMA wireless communication module, 1112, MCU processing module.
Embodiment
Referring to figs. 1 through Fig. 3, the pick-up unit embodiment in the utility model power distribution room supervisory system is described further.
Pick-up unit in a kind of power distribution room supervisory system, comprise electric parameter measurement unit, temperature detecting unit, humidity detection unit, water logging detecting unit, gate inhibition's detecting unit and Smoke Detection unit, also comprise infrared detection unit, dust detecting unit, noise detection unit, intelligent processing unit and transmission unit;
The output of temperature detecting unit, temperature detecting unit, water logging detecting unit, gate inhibition's detecting unit, Smoke Detection unit, infrared detection unit, dust detecting unit and noise detection unit is all coupled to intelligent processing unit;
The output of intelligent processing unit is coupled to transmission unit.
In the present embodiment, above-mentioned intelligent processing unit comprises data acquisition portion and control part; The output of Chip Microprocessor Temperature detecting unit, humidity detection unit, water logging detecting unit, gate inhibition's detecting unit, Smoke Detection unit, infrared detection unit, dust detecting unit, noise detection unit is all coupled to data acquisition portion, the output in single-chip data acquisition portion is coupled to control part, and the output of control part is coupled to transport part.In addition, each above-mentioned detecting unit is equipped with corresponding sensor, such as temperature sensor, humidity sensor etc., and these sensors are all known device, and the present embodiment repeats no more.
In the present embodiment, above-mentioned data acquisition portion is data collecting card, automatically can gather non electrical quantity or electric quantity signal, deliver in host computer and carry out analyzing, processing from each above-mentioned sensor.Each above-mentioned detecting unit is all connected with the input end of this data collecting card; Control part is single-chip microcomputer, and concrete model is AT89C51.This single-chip microcomputer, as host computer, adopts RS485 to communicate to connect with data collecting card, to receive the detected value that data collecting card transmits, and carries out pre-service.
The principle of work of the present embodiment, the voltage of electrical parameters detection unit in detection of grid and electric current whether normal, whether temperature detecting unit is normal for the temperature detected in power distribution room, whether humidity detection unit is normal for the air humidity detected in power distribution room, whether water logging detecting unit intakes for detecting in power distribution room, gate inhibition's detecting unit is used for preventing unrelated person from entering in power distribution room, Smoke Detection unit is for detecting in power distribution room whether have smog, infrared detection unit is for detecting in power distribution room whether have toy or people, dust detecting unit is for detecting the dust concentration in power distribution room in air, noise detection unit is for detecting in power distribution room whether have excessive noise.The detecting unit stated all is connected with data acquisition portion, this data acquisition portion is a kind of known data collecting card, it has powerful data acquisition function, the detection data of above-mentioned detecting unit can be gathered, and be transferred to single-chip microcomputer, above-mentioned detection data and the higher limit preset can compare by single-chip microcomputer, if so above-mentioned detection data exceed default higher limit, single-chip microcomputer will send detection data to Surveillance center to by transmission unit, if above-mentioned detection data do not exceed default higher limit, so single-chip microcomputer will dispose the detection data received from data collecting card, again receive next group and detect data, so, the detection data just achieved detected by each detecting unit above-mentioned directly can not be sent to Surveillance center, but have passed above-mentioned single-chip microcomputer to carry out an automatic Intelligent treatment, if detect the value that data have exceeded preliminary election setting, just above-mentioned detection data can be sent to Surveillance center, so this makes it possible to the transmission that a large amount of minimizings detects data, thus reduce the load of the host computer system of Surveillance center, avoid causing blocking up of network, further, the utilization of above-mentioned infrared detection unit, dust detecting unit, noise detection unit makes the function of whole pick-up unit abundanter, can meet in different complex environments, the real-time condition in power distribution room detected really.
In addition, because power distribution room can be all generally ventilate to arranging, so when outside has aerosol gases to enter in power distribution room, Smoke Detection unit will detect at once and produce a detection signal, but, this there is no need in fact, because be not because power distribution room is inner on fire and generate smog, therefore, above-mentioned single-chip microcomputer can carry out a comprehensive descision to temperature detection data and Smoke Detection data, if Smoke Detection unit inspection has arrived smog, but the detection data now detected by temperature detecting unit do not transfinite, just represent in power distribution room there is no abnormal conditions, but, if the detection data over run that detects of temperature detecting unit, so no matter whether Smoke Detection unit detects smog, all represents in power distribution room have abnormal conditions.Have again, owing to being provided with infrared detection unit in power distribution room, this infrared detection unit can detect in power distribution room whether have people or toy, but, if staff enters in power distribution room, so this infrared detection unit equally produces detection signal, therefore, above-mentioned single-chip microcomputer can carry out a comprehensive judgement to gate inhibition's detecting unit and infrared detection unit, if gate inhibition's detecting unit is in running order, if so now infrared detection unit detects in power distribution room have people or toy in existence, a detection signal will be produced, so this detection signal will be sent to Surveillance center by controls transfer unit by single-chip microcomputer, so, the erroneous judgement of the detection signal to infrared detection unit can just be prevented.
Preferably, transmission unit is fieldbus.Detection data are transferred to monitoring by this fieldbus by single-chip microcomputer.Fieldbus simplifies circuit, makes clear in structure, and adaptability is high, and combined data is convenient to transmission, treatment and analysis, improves operability and interoperability, makes device intelligence.
Preferably, fieldbus is at least the one in profibus-dp, modbus and can.
Preferably, transmission unit comprises GPRS/CDMA wireless communication module, MCU processing module.This MCU processing module can receive the detection data that above-mentioned single-chip microcomputer sends, then by this GPRS/CDMA wireless communication module, these detection data are sent to Surveillance center, so, just can realize being transmitted the corresponding data that detect by the mode of transmission of wireless signals, avoid the trouble of laying ground wire.

Claims (7)

1. the pick-up unit in a power distribution room supervisory system, comprise electric parameter measurement unit, temperature detecting unit, humidity detection unit, water logging detecting unit, gate inhibition's detecting unit and Smoke Detection unit, it is characterized in that: also comprise infrared detection unit, dust detecting unit, noise detection unit, intelligent processing unit and transmission unit;
The output of described temperature detecting unit, temperature detecting unit, water logging detecting unit, gate inhibition's detecting unit, Smoke Detection unit, infrared detection unit, dust detecting unit and noise detection unit is all coupled to described intelligent processing unit;
The output of described intelligent processing unit is coupled to described transmission unit.
2. the pick-up unit in power distribution room supervisory system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described intelligent processing unit comprises data acquisition portion and control part; The output of described temperature detecting unit, temperature detecting unit, water logging detecting unit, gate inhibition's detecting unit, Smoke Detection unit, infrared detection unit, dust detecting unit, noise detection unit is all coupled to described data acquisition portion, the output in described data acquisition portion is coupled to described control part, and the output of described control part is coupled to described transmission unit.
3. the pick-up unit in power distribution room supervisory system according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described data acquisition portion is data collecting card.
4. the pick-up unit in power distribution room supervisory system according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described control part is single-chip microcomputer.
5. the pick-up unit in power distribution room supervisory system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described transmission unit is fieldbus.
6. the pick-up unit in power distribution room supervisory system according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described fieldbus is at least the one in profibus-dp, modbus and can.
7. the pick-up unit in power distribution room supervisory system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described transmission unit comprises GPRS/CDMA wireless communication module, MCU processing module.
CN201420512435.XU 2014-09-05 2014-09-05 Pick-up unit in power distribution room supervisory system Expired - Fee Related CN204215233U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420512435.XU CN204215233U (en) 2014-09-05 2014-09-05 Pick-up unit in power distribution room supervisory system

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105743222A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-07-06 成都振中电气有限公司 Power distribution cabinet control system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105743222A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-07-06 成都振中电气有限公司 Power distribution cabinet control system

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150318

Termination date: 20150905

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model