CN204209424U - The rotation control means of the workbench of Compositions of metal-working machines - Google Patents

The rotation control means of the workbench of Compositions of metal-working machines Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204209424U
CN204209424U CN201420537263.1U CN201420537263U CN204209424U CN 204209424 U CN204209424 U CN 204209424U CN 201420537263 U CN201420537263 U CN 201420537263U CN 204209424 U CN204209424 U CN 204209424U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
workbench
rest
fixed
motor
synchronous pulley
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CN201420537263.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄品剑
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浙江法拿克机械科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201420537263.1U priority Critical patent/CN204209424U/en
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Publication of CN204209424U publication Critical patent/CN204209424U/en

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Abstract

The utility model provide a kind of can to the rotation control means of the workbench of the Compositions of metal-working machines that the rotation of workbench controls.Table motor seat is fixed on table rest; The fuselage of table motor is fixed on table motor seat; Drive sleeve suit is fixed on table motor motor shaft; Small synchronous pulley suit is fixed on outside drive sleeve; The inner ring of No. two bearings is sleeved on table motor seat, and outer ring sleeve is contained in small synchronous pulley; Large synchronous pulley is fixedly set on workbench; Timing Belt is connected with large synchronous pulley and small synchronous pulley; Clamping cap and table motor motor shaft are fixed, and are connected with drive sleeve, drive sleeve are compressed; The cylinder body of locking cylinder is arranged on table rest; Gear lock-bit bar one end is rotatably connected on table rest, the piston hinge of the other end and locking cylinder; Gear lock-bit bar has internal tooth; Positioning tooth wheel rim is fixed on workbench, and the periphery of positioning tooth wheel rim has external tooth, and external tooth can be connected by disengaged with internal tooth.

Description

The rotation control means of the workbench of Compositions of metal-working machines

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of rotation control means of workbench of Compositions of metal-working machines, belongs to universal machine tools field.

Background technology

Machining center is widely used in manufacturing.Current machining center, is mainly divided into vertical machining centre and horizontal Machining centers.

Vertical machining centre as application number be 201110361110.7, name is called the Chinese patent of vertical machining centre.Horizontal Machining centers as application number be 201320056230.0, name is called a kind of Chinese patent of horizontal Machining centers.

These two kinds of machining centers stand-alone configuration often, need to use vertical processing when a workpiece and horizontally add man-hour, just need manually to move workpiece to another machining center from a machining center, not only reduce operating efficiency and add labour intensity, and the multiple clamping of workpiece also creates impact to machining accuracy.

And the rotation control means of the workbench of machining center still needs to be improved, make safer, and machining accuracy is high.

Utility model content

The purpose of this utility model is to overcome above shortcomings in prior art, and a kind of rotation control means of workbench of Compositions of metal-working machines of reasonable in design is provided, can control the rotation of workbench, more safe and reliable, and also machining accuracy is high.

The technical scheme in the invention for solving the above technical problem is: a kind of rotation control means of workbench of Compositions of metal-working machines, and described table assembly comprises workbench, table rest, table-driving mechanism, table positions retaining mechanism; Workbench is vertically arranged, and it is rotatably connected on table rest; Table-driving mechanism is connected with workbench, and workbench can be driven to rotate on table rest, and table-driving mechanism comprises table motor; Table positions retaining mechanism is connected with workbench; It is characterized in that: described table-driving mechanism also comprises small synchronous pulley, large synchronous pulley, Timing Belt, clamping cap, drive sleeve, table motor seat, No. two bearings; Table motor seat is fixed on table rest; The fuselage of table motor is fixed on table motor seat; Drive sleeve suit is fixed on the motor shaft of table motor; Small synchronous pulley suit is fixed on outside drive sleeve; The inner ring of No. two bearings is sleeved on table motor seat, and outer ring sleeve is contained in small synchronous pulley; Large synchronous pulley is fixedly set on workbench; Timing Belt is connected with large synchronous pulley and small synchronous pulley; The motor shaft of clamping cap and table motor is fixed, and is connected with drive sleeve, drive sleeve is compressed; Described table positions retaining mechanism comprises locking cylinder, gear lock-bit bar, positioning tooth wheel rim; The cylinder body of locking cylinder is arranged on table rest; Gear lock-bit bar one end is rotatably connected on table rest, the piston hinge of the other end and locking cylinder; Gear lock-bit bar has internal tooth; Described positioning tooth wheel rim is fixed on workbench, and the periphery of positioning tooth wheel rim has external tooth, and external tooth can be connected by disengaged with internal tooth.

Brake described in the utility model is embraced circle and is made up of left halfbody and right halfbody; Left halfbody and right halfbody are oppositely arranged and are clipped in the middle by workbench, and the bottom of left halfbody and the bottom of right halfbody are fixed; The bottom of left halfbody and the bottom of right halfbody are fixed on table rest; Described left compressing tablet is fixedly installed on the top of left halfbody, and described right compressing tablet is fixedly installed on the top of right halfbody.

Table positions retaining mechanism described in the utility model comprises and also comprises locking bar axle and No. three bearings; Locking bar axle is fixed on table rest; The inner ring suit of No. three bearings is fixed on locking bar axle, and described gear lock-bit bar one end suit is fixed on the outer ring of No. three bearings.

The utility model is provided with puller bolt on table rest, and puller bolt is connected with table motor seat.

The utility model compared with prior art, has the following advantages and effect:

1, reasonable in design;

2, after table-driving mechanism drives workbench to turn to specified angle on table rest, table positions retaining mechanism works, table positions locked, such workbench is just fixed in the angle of specifying, and reaches the effect controlled the rotation of workbench.The structure of table-driving mechanism; small synchronous pulley is not be directly installed on the motor shaft of table motor; such drive sleeve would not be applied directly on the motor shaft of table motor the load of small synchronous pulley; but act on drive sleeve, table motor seat, No. two bearings; first load is born by these three parts; so just protect the motor shaft of table motor, and prevent it from damaging, more safe and reliable.The structure of table positions retaining mechanism, when workbench does not have a locking positioning, external tooth and internal tooth depart from; When workbench rotates, positioning tooth wheel rim and then rotates; Locking positioning wanted by workbench after stopping operating time, locking cylinder action, promote gear lock-bit bar and rotate on locking bar axle, external tooth engages with internal tooth and has fixed workbench, and workbench is locked location; When workbench needs to remove locking positioning, locking cylinder action, promote gear lock-bit bar and reverse on locking bar axle, external tooth and internal tooth depart from, and workbench is released, so just relieves locking positioning; By regulating the parameter such as profile of tooth, the number of teeth of external tooth and internal tooth, can regulate the positioning precision of table positions retaining mechanism, the location of workbench is more accurate, and locking firmly, makes the machining accuracy of workpiece high.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the partial structurtes schematic diagram that the left side applying Compositions of metal-working machines of the present utility model is looked.

Fig. 2 is the partial structurtes schematic diagram faced applying Compositions of metal-working machines of the present utility model.

Fig. 3 is the partial structurtes schematic diagram that the lathe bed assembly right side applying Compositions of metal-working machines of the present utility model is looked.

Fig. 4 is the partial structurtes schematic diagram that the lathe bed assembly applying Compositions of metal-working machines of the present utility model is faced.

Fig. 5 is the partial structurtes schematic diagram that the columns assemblies right side applying Compositions of metal-working machines of the present utility model is looked.

Fig. 6 is the partial structurtes schematic diagram that the columns assemblies applying Compositions of metal-working machines of the present utility model is faced.

Fig. 7 is the partial structurtes schematic diagram that the right side of the table assembly and saddle component assembling applying Compositions of metal-working machines of the present utility model is looked.

Fig. 8 applies the table assembly of Compositions of metal-working machines of the present utility model and the partial structurtes schematic diagram faced of saddle component assembling.

Fig. 9 is the structural representation that circle is embraced in the brake applying Compositions of metal-working machines of the present utility model.

Figure 10 is the side-looking structural representation of Fig. 9.

Figure 11 is the partial structurtes schematic diagram overlooked of Fig. 8.

Figure 12 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment table motor seat.

Figure 13 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment positioning tooth wheel rim.

Figure 14 is the side-looking structural representation of Figure 13.

Figure 15 is the partial structurtes schematic diagram of the scavenge oil spacer ring applying Compositions of metal-working machines of the present utility model.

Figure 16 is the structural representation that the right side of the vertical spindle assembly applying Compositions of metal-working machines of the present utility model is looked.

Figure 17 is the structural representation of the amplification of part A in Figure 16.

Figure 18 is the structural representation that the right side of the horizontal main axis assembly applying Compositions of metal-working machines of the present utility model is looked.

Figure 19 is the structural representation of the ram applying Compositions of metal-working machines of the present utility model.

Figure 20 is the structural representation with the supporting tool holder applying Compositions of metal-working machines of the present utility model.

Figure 21 is the structural representation that the right side of Figure 20 is looked.

Figure 22 is the structural representation of the amplification of part B in Fig. 8.

Figure 23 is the structural representation of the amplification of C part in Fig. 7.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, also by embodiment, the utility model is described in further detail, and following examples are that the utility model is not limited to following examples to explanation of the present utility model.

See Fig. 1 ~ Figure 23, apply the X-axis of the residing space coordinates of Compositions of metal-working machines of the present utility model, Y-axis, these three reference axis of Z axis are set as follows: with the front of Compositions of metal-working machines, X-axis level is put, in the lateral direction; Y-axis level is put, and points to fore-and-aft direction; Z axis vertical display, points to above-below direction.In present specification, X-axis, Y-axis, Z axis all refer to the reference axis as above set.

What apply Compositions of metal-working machines of the present utility model comprises lathe bed parts and pillar parts.

Lathe bed parts comprise saddle assembly I, table assembly II, lathe bed assembly III.

Lathe bed assembly III comprises lathe bed 10, lower screw mandrel 11, lower feed screw nut 6, lower screw mandrel drive motors 87.

Lower screw mandrel 11 is rotatably connected on lathe bed 10, and lower screw mandrel 11 is parallel with Y-axis.

Lower screw mandrel drive motors 87 is arranged on lathe bed 10, and lower screw mandrel drive motors 87 is connected with lower screw mandrel 11, and lower screw mandrel 11 can be driven to rotate.

Lower feed screw nut 6 is connected with lower screw mandrel 11, can move when being driven move by lower screw mandrel 11 along lower screw mandrel 11.

The top of lathe bed 10 is fixedly installed lower middle guide 12, lower left rail 13, bottom right guide rail 14.Lower left rail 13, lower middle guide 12, bottom right guide rail 14 are arranged in order, and lower left rail 13 is positioned at the left side of lathe bed 10, and lower middle guide 123 is positioned at the middle part of lathe bed 10, and bottom right guide rail 14 is positioned at the right side of lathe bed 10.Lower middle guide 12, lower left rail 13, bottom right guide rail 14 are parallel with Y-axis.

Saddle assembly I comprises saddle 1, upper screw rod drive motors 2, bottom right pressing plate 3, lower left pressing plate 4, upper screw rod 5, upper screw rod nut 17.

The bottom of saddle 1 is fixedly installed middle guide 7, upper left rail 8, upper right guide rail 9, and upper middle guide 7, upper left rail 8, upper right guide rail 9 are parallel with Y-axis.

Lower feed screw nut 6 is fixed on the bottom of saddle 1, and saddle 1 can be driven like this to move in the Y-axis direction, and saddle 1 drives workbench 18 to move in the Y-axis direction, and workpiece like this is provided with a moving coordinate axle.

Upper left rail 8, upper middle guide 7, upper right guide rail 9 are arranged in order.Upper left rail 8 is positioned at the left side of saddle 1, and upper middle guide 7 is positioned at the middle part of saddle 1, and upper right guide rail 9 is positioned at the right side of saddle 1.

Upper left rail 8 is slidably connected with lower left rail 13, and upper left rail 8 is positioned at above lower left rail 13, and the left part of such saddle 1 is supported.Upper left rail 8 is L shape, can spacing lower left rail 13, prevents lower left rail 13 from coming off from the side.

Upper right guide rail 9 is slidably connected with bottom right guide rail 14, and upper right guide rail 9 is positioned at above bottom right guide rail 14, and the right part of such saddle 1 is supported.Upper right guide rail 9 is L shape, can spacing bottom right guide rail 14, prevents bottom right guide rail 14 from coming off from the side.

Upper middle guide 7 and lower middle guide 12 are slidably connected, and upper middle guide 7 is positioned at above lower middle guide 12, and the middle part of such saddle 1 is supported, and prevent the middle part of saddle 1 stressed too large and deformation occurs.

Longitudinally an oilhole 15 is had in upper middle guide 7.The aperture, lower end of an oilhole 15 is positioned on the guide pass of middle guide 7.The contact guide pass lubrication between upper middle guide 7 and lower middle guide 12 can be given like this.

Bottom right pressing plate 3 is fixed on the bottom of upper right guide rail 9, and bottom right pressing plate 3 coordinates with upper right guide rail 9 and forms right draw-in groove 98, and this right draw-in groove 98 is slidably connected with bottom right guide rail 14 and can spacing bottom right guide rail 14, prevents bottom right guide rail 14 from departing from.

Lower left pressing plate 4 is fixed on the bottom of left rail 8, and lower left pressing plate 4 coordinates with upper left rail 8 and forms left draw-in groove 99, and this left draw-in groove 99 is slidably connected with lower left rail 13 and can spacing lower left rail 13, prevents lower left rail 13 from departing from.

The top of saddle 1 is fixedly installed two head rail 20 arranged in parallel, and head rail 20 is parallel with X-axis.

Upper screw rod 5 is rotatably connected on saddle 1, and upper screw rod 5 is parallel with X-axis.Upper screw rod 5 is positioned at above lower screw mandrel 11.

Upper screw rod drive motors 2 is arranged on saddle 1, and upper screw rod drive motors 2 is connected with upper screw rod 5, and upper screw rod 5 can be driven to rotate.

Upper screw rod nut 17 is connected with upper screw rod 5, can move when being driven move by upper screw rod 5 along upper screw rod 5.

Table assembly II comprises workbench 18, table rest 19, bearing assembly, table-driving mechanism, workbench braking mechanism, quick clamping mechanism, table positions retaining mechanism.

The bottom of table rest 19 has two arranged in parallel and table rest chutes be oppositely arranged, and two table rest chutes are slidably connected with two head rail 20 respectively, and such table rest 19 is slidably connected at the top of saddle 1.Table rest 19 is fixed with upper screw rod nut 17, can move in the X-axis direction when table rest 19 is driven move by upper screw rod nut 17.

Workbench 18 is vertically arranged, and it is rotatably connected on table rest 19.When table rest 19 moves in the X-axis direction, drive workbench 18 to move in the X-axis direction, workpiece like this is provided with a moving coordinate axle.The table top of workbench 18 has the structure for installing workpiece, this is the known technology of this area.

By the movement of table rest 19 and saddle 1, workbench 18 can move in Y-axis and X-direction.

Table-driving mechanism is connected with workbench 18, and workbench 18 can be driven to rotate on table rest 19, and workpiece like this is provided with a rotatable coordinate axis.Table-driving mechanism comprises small synchronous pulley 25, large synchronous pulley 26, Timing Belt 27, clamping cap 28, drive sleeve 29, table motor seat 30, table motor 31, No. two bearings 32.

Table motor seat 30 has mounting hole 33, construction bolt in mounting hole 33, table motor seat 30 is fixed by bolts on table rest 19.

Table motor 31 is vertically arranged, and its fuselage is fixed by bolts on table motor seat 30.

Drive sleeve 29 is set with and is fastened on the motor shaft 101 of table motor 31 with key.

Small synchronous pulley 25 is set with and is fixed by bolts to outside drive sleeve 29.

The inner ring of No. two bearings 32 is sleeved on table motor seat 30, and outer ring sleeve is contained in small synchronous pulley 25.Small synchronous pulley 25 is rotationally connected by No. two bearings 32 and table motor seat 30.

Large synchronous pulley 26 is fixedly set on workbench 18.

Timing Belt 27 is connected with large synchronous pulley 26 and small synchronous pulley 25.

Clamping cap 28 motor shaft 101 of bolt and table motor 31 is fixed.Clamping cap 28 is also connected with drive sleeve 29, drive sleeve 29 is compressed, and prevents drive sleeve 29 from coming off from top.

Above structure; small synchronous pulley 25 is not be directly installed on the motor shaft 101 of table motor 31; the load of such drive sleeve 29 pairs of small synchronous pulleys 25 would not be applied directly on the motor shaft 101 of table motor 31; but act on drive sleeve 29, table motor seat 30, No. two bearings 32; first load is born by these three parts; so just protect the motor shaft 101 of table motor 31, and prevent it from damaging.

Table rest 19 is provided with puller bolt, and puller bolt is connected with table motor seat 30.When needing to adjust Timing Belt 27 and the tightening force greatly between synchronous pulley 26 and small synchronous pulley 25, unclamp the bolt between table motor seat 30 and table rest 19, twist puller bolt inward or outward, stubborn puller bolt extrudes inward or unclamps table motor seat 30 outward, travelling table motor cabinet 30, table motor seat 30 drives small synchronous pulley 25 to move, specifically change between large synchronous pulley 26 and small synchronous pulley 25, tension Timing Belt 27 when distance becomes large, Timing Belt 27 is unclamped when distance diminishes, so just have adjusted Timing Belt 27 and large tightening force between synchronous pulley 26 and small synchronous pulley 25.

Bearing assembly is arranged between workbench 18 and table rest 19.Bearing assembly comprises a bearing 20.

The inner ring of a bearing 20 is sleeved on outside table rest 19, and outer ring sleeve is contained in workbench 18, and workbench 18 is rotatably connected on table rest 19 by a bearing 20.

When a bearing 20 is at least two, and when these bearing 20 is arranged in order from top to bottom, bearing assembly also comprises bearing inner spacer 22 and scavenge oil spacer ring 23.In the present embodiment, a bearing 20 is three.

Scavenge oil spacer ring 23 movable set outside table rest 19, and is fixedly set in workbench 18.Scavenge oil spacer ring 23 is between neighbouring two bearings 20, and the quantity of scavenge oil spacer ring 23 is determined according to the quantity of a bearing 20, is generally fewer than the quantity of a bearing 20 one; In the present embodiment, scavenge oil spacer ring 23 is two.

The top of scavenge oil spacer ring 23 has the bearing 20 of an oil guide groove 21, oil guide groove 21 towards top.The side channel wall of an oil guide groove 21 tilts, and when strengthening the effect of centrifugal force, lubricating oil is by the effect of upwards having got rid of.The bottom of scavenge oil spacer ring 23 has No. two oil guide groove 24, No. two oil guide groove 24 bearing 20 downwards.

Bearing inner spacer 22 is fixedly set in outside table rest 19, and between scavenge oil spacer ring 23 and table rest 19.Have the gap communicated up and down between bearing inner spacer 22 and scavenge oil spacer ring 23, an oil guide groove 21 and No. two oil guide groove 24 are communicated by this gap.

When workbench 18 rotates, scavenge oil spacer ring 23 and then rotates.The lubricating oil of a bearing 20 above scavenge oil spacer ring 23 flows in an oil guide groove 21, due to the effect of centrifugal force, lubricating oil has upwards been got rid of, a part reenters a bearing 20 of top, another part is flow in No. two oil guide groove 24 by the gap between bearing inner spacer 22 and scavenge oil spacer ring 23, then flows to a bearing 20 of below from No. two oil guide groove 24.So not only ensure that the unobstructed of oil circuit, make lubricating oil can flow down a bearing 20 of below, lubricating oil can not flow too fast, and some can feed back to a bearing 20 of top all the time, ensure that the lubricant effect of a bearing 20 of top.

Quick clamping mechanism comprises oil cylinder installing plate 34, angling cylinder 35, capping 36, chuck 37.

The middle part of workbench 18 has trade union college chamber 38.

Oil cylinder installing plate 34 is fixed by bolts on table rest 19.Have No. two oilholes 39, No. two oilholes 39 in oil cylinder installing plate 34 to communicate with the superjacent air space of a bearing 20 of the top in bearing assembly, send lubricating oil can to like this bearing 20.

Angling cylinder 35 is vertically arranged, and its cylinder body is fixed by bolts on oil cylinder installing plate 34.

Chuck 37 is connected with angling cylinder 35, and chuck 37 and angling cylinder 35 can adopt prior art.Chuck 37 is vertically arranged, and the clamping hole of chuck 37 communicates with trade union college chamber 38.

Capping 36 is arranged in trade union college chamber 38, is connected with workbench 18 with bolt.

Quick clamping mechanism can make some can carry out quick-clamping with the workpiece that chuck 37 clamps, and does not need the clamping structure used again on the table top of workbench 18.When not using, capping 36 is fixed by bolts on workbench 18, seals trade union college chamber 38, prevents foreign material from falling in trade union college chamber 38.During use, unthread bolts, takes away capping 36, exposes trade union college chamber 38; Workpiece is connected with the clamping hole of chuck 37 after stretching into trade union college chamber 38, angling cylinder 35 action, chuck 37 clamping work pieces.

Workbench braking mechanism comprises brake-fluid cylinder pressure 40, brake rotor plate 41, circle 44, brake screw rod 47 are embraced in brake, brake nut 48.

The cylinder body of brake-fluid cylinder pressure 40 is arranged on table rest 19.

Brake rotor plate 41 one end is rotatably connected on table rest 19, the piston hinge of the other end and brake-fluid cylinder pressure 40.

It is annular that circle 44 is embraced in brake, and movable set is outside workbench 18, and it is made up of left halfbody 45 and right halfbody 46.Left halfbody 45 and right halfbody 46 are oppositely arranged and are clipped in the middle by workbench 18, and the bottom of left halfbody 45 and the bottom bolt of right halfbody 46 are fixed.The bottom of left halfbody 45 is fixed by bolts on table rest 19, and the bottom of right halfbody 46 is fixed by bolts on table rest 19, and namely the bottom of brake armful circle 44 is fixed by bolts on table rest 19.

The top of left halfbody 45 is fixedly installed left compressing tablet 51, and the top of right halfbody 46 is fixedly installed right compressing tablet 52.Between left compressing tablet 51 and right compressing tablet 52, there is gap.Left compressing tablet 51 has left halfbody through hole 49.Right compressing tablet 52 has right halfbody through hole 50.

Brake screw rod 47 is fixed on table rest 19.Brake nut 48 is fixedly mounted on brake screw rod 47.

Left halfbody through hole 49 and right halfbody through hole 50 are slidably connected with brake screw rod 47, and between the bolt head and brake nut 48 of brake screw rod 47.

Brake transmission body is slidably connected on table rest 19.Brake transmission body one end is connected with brake rotor plate 41, and the other end is connected with left compressing tablet 51 or right compressing tablet 52.Brake transmission body is made up of with brake pressure head 43 pellet 42 that brakes.

Brake pellet 42 is slidably connected on table rest 19.Brake pellet 42 one end is connected with brake rotor plate 41, and the other end is connected with one end of brake pressure head 43.And the pressure head 43 that brakes is slidably connected on table rest 19, its other end is connected with left compressing tablet 51 or right compressing tablet 52.This structure that brake transmission body is made up of with brake pressure head 43 pellet 42 that brakes, makes brake transmission body itself have multiple free degree, makes transmission better effects if.In the present embodiment, brake pressure head 43 is connected with left compressing tablet 51.

Workbench 18 works when rotating and does not brake, left halfbody 45 and have gap between right halfbody 46 and workbench 18, and brake is embraced a circle 44 and do not contacted with workbench 18.When needs workbench 18 stops, brake-fluid cylinder pressure 40 action, piston retraction, brake rotor plate 41 is pulled to rotate, brake rotor plate 41 promotes brake pellet 42 and moves forward, brake pellet 42 promotes brake pressure head 43 and moves forward, brake pressure head 43 presses forward left compressing tablet 51, left compressing tablet 51 slides on brake screw rod 47, the top of left halfbody 45 is driven to move, distance between left halfbody 45 and right halfbody 46 reduces, left halfbody 45 and the gap between right halfbody 46 and workbench 18 reduce until block workbench 18, workbench 18 is stopped, play the effect of brake.When workbench 18 will rotate again, brake-fluid cylinder pressure 40 action, piston extends, promote brake rotor plate 41 to reverse, brake rotor plate 41 releasing of brake pellet, brake pellet 42 releasing of brake pressure head 43, brake pressure head 43 unclamps left compressing tablet 51, left halfbody 45 and right halfbody 46 be return under the elastic force effect of itself, left halfbody 45 and again have gap between right halfbody 46 and workbench 18, and brake is embraced a circle 44 and do not contacted with workbench 18.

Table positions retaining mechanism comprises locking cylinder 53, gear lock-bit bar 54, locking bar axle 55, No. three bearings 56, positioning tooth wheel rims 57.

The cylinder body of locking cylinder 53 is arranged on table rest 19.

Locking bar axle 55 is fixed on table rest 19.

The inner ring suit of No. three bearings 56 is fixed on locking bar axle 55.

Gear lock-bit bar 54 one end suit is fixed on the outer ring of No. three bearings 56, namely gear lock-bit bar 54 one end is rotatably connected on locking bar axle 55 by No. three bearings 56, and namely gear lock-bit bar 54 one end is rotatably connected on table rest 19 by locking bar axle 55 and No. three bearings 56; The other end of gear lock-bit bar 54 and the piston hinge of locking cylinder 53.Gear lock-bit bar 54 has internal tooth 58.

Positioning tooth wheel rim 57 is fixed on bottom workbench 18, is arranged in the below of a bearing 20 of bearing assembly bottom.The top of positioning tooth wheel rim 57 have No. three oil guide groove 59, No. three oil guide groove 59 towards its above a bearing 20.The side channel wall of No. three oil guide groove 59 tilts, and when strengthening the effect of centrifugal force, lubricating oil is by the effect of upwards having got rid of.The periphery of positioning tooth wheel rim 57 has external tooth 60, and external tooth 60 can be connected by disengaged with internal tooth 58.

No. three oilholes 100 are had in the bottom of table rest 19.The aperture, lower end of No. three oilholes 100 communicates with table rest chute.Have the gap communicated up and down between positioning tooth wheel rim 57 with table rest 19, the aperture, upper end of No. three oilholes 100 is communicated by this gap with No. three oil guide groove 59.

When workbench 18 does not have a locking positioning, external tooth 60 and internal tooth 58 depart from.When workbench 18 rotates, positioning tooth wheel rim 57 and then rotates.The lubricating oil of a bearing 20 above positioning tooth wheel rim 57 flows in No. three oil guide groove 59, due to the effect of centrifugal force, lubricating oil has upwards been got rid of, a part reenters in a bearing 20 of top, another part flows in No. three oilholes 100 by the gap between positioning tooth wheel rim 57 and table rest 19, flow to table rest chute from No. three oilholes 100 again, make to be lubricated between table rest chute and head rail 20.So not only ensure that the unobstructed of oil circuit, make lubricating oil can flow down No. three oilholes 100, lubricating oil can not flow too fast, and some can feed back to a bearing 20 of top all the time, ensure that the lubricant effect of a bearing 20 of top.

When wanting locking positioning after workbench 18 stops operating, locking cylinder 53 action, promote gear lock-bit bar 54 and rotate on locking bar axle 55, external tooth 60 engages with internal tooth 58 and has fixed workbench 18, and workbench 18 is locked location.When workbench 18 needs to remove locking positioning, locking cylinder 53 action, promote gear lock-bit bar 54 and reverse on locking bar axle 55, external tooth 60 and internal tooth 58 depart from, and workbench 18 is released, so just relieves locking positioning.By regulating external tooth 60 and the parameter such as profile of tooth, the number of teeth of internal tooth 58, can regulate the positioning precision of table positions retaining mechanism.Such as, on the periphery of positioning tooth wheel rim 57, every 3 degree arrange an external tooth 60, and internal tooth 58 coordinates corresponding with external tooth 60, so just reaches the effect of 3 degree of positioning and lockings.

Table-driving mechanism and table positions retaining mechanism coordinate the effect that can reach specified angle locking positioning.After table-driving mechanism drives workbench 18 to turn to specified angle on table rest, table positions retaining mechanism works, by workbench 18 positioning and locking, such workbench 18 is just fixed in the angle of specifying, and reaches the effect controlled the rotation of workbench.

Pillar parts comprises columns assemblies IV, vertical spindle assembly V, horizontal main axis assembly VI.

Columns assemblies IV comprises column 61, column guide rail 62, No. two column guide rails 63, column screw mandrel 64, No. two column screw mandrels 65, column feed screw nut 66, No. two column feed screw nuts 67, column screw mandrel drive motors, No. two column screw mandrel drive motors.

Column 61 is vertically arranged, and fixes with lathe bed 10.

A column guide rail 62 is fixed on the front of column 61, and parallel with Z axis.

A column screw mandrel 64 is rotatably connected on the front of column 61, and parallel with Z axis.

A column screw mandrel drive motors is connected with a column screw mandrel 64, and a column screw mandrel 64 can be driven to rotate.

A column feed screw nut 66 is connected with a column screw mandrel 64, can move when being driven move by a column screw mandrel 64 along a column screw mandrel 64.

No. two column guide rails 63 are fixed on the side of column 61, and parallel with Z axis.

No. two column screw mandrels 65 are rotatably connected on the side of column 61, and parallel with Z axis.

No. two column screw mandrel drive motors are connected with No. two column screw mandrels 65, and No. two column screw mandrels 65 can be driven to rotate.

No. two column feed screw nuts 67 are connected with No. two column screw mandrels 65, can move when being driven move by No. two column screw mandrels 65 along No. two column screw mandrels 65.

Vertical spindle assembly V is positioned at the front of column 61, and it comprises vertical spindle unit block, vertical shaft box 68, secondary chuck component.The function of vertical spindle assembly V Compositions of metal-working machines is possessed vertical processing.

Vertical shaft box 68 and a column guide rail 62 are slidably connected, and fix with a column feed screw nut 66, and a column feed screw nut 66 like this can drive vertical spindle unit 69 to move in the Z-axis direction, and cutter like this is provided with a moving coordinate axle.A column guide rail 62 is two.

Vertical spindle unit block is arranged on vertical shaft box 68, and can adopt prior art.Vertical spindle unit comprises vertical spindle unit 69, vertical knife striking cylinder 70, vertical spindle motor 71.Vertical spindle unit 69 is parallel with Z axis, and the head of vertical spindle unit 69 down, and the head of vertical spindle unit 69 is used for mounting cutter or knife rest.Vertical spindle unit 69 is connected with vertical knife striking cylinder 70 and vertical spindle unit 69.Vertical spindle unit block can drive the cutter in vertical spindle unit 69 to rotate, and cutter like this is provided with a rotatable coordinate axis.Vertical spindle unit 69 offsets the center line of two column guide rails 62, and draws close to horizontal main axis assembly VI, and such vertical spindle unit 69 and horizontal main axis unit 84 are apart from little, and workpiece distance of movement when both switch is few, and working (machining) efficiency is high.

Secondary chuck component comprises sub-folder 72, inner cone chuck 73, pull bar 74, chuck hydraulic cylinder 76, inductive switch 16, induction pieces 21.

Sub-folder 72 can adopt prior art.Sub-folder 72 is parallel with Z axis, and the head of sub-folder 72 down.Sub-folder 72 is positioned at the side of vertical spindle unit 69.The head periphery of sub-folder 72 is provided with the conical surface.

Inner cone chuck 73 is fixed on vertical shaft box 68.Have bellmouth 77 in inner cone chuck 73, the hole wall of bellmouth 77 is taper.The head of sub-folder 72 is arranged in bellmouth 77, and the conical surface of sub-folder 72 coordinates with the hole wall of bellmouth 77.

Pull bar 74 is parallel with Z axis, and the bottom of its one end and sub-folder 72 is fixed, and the piston rod 75 of the other end and chuck hydraulic cylinder 76 is fixed.

Inductive switch 16 is arranged on vertical shaft box 68.Induction pieces 21 is arranged on the piston rod 75 of chuck hydraulic cylinder 76.Inductive switch 16 coordinates with induction pieces 21, and inductive switch 16 can detect the position of induction pieces 21.

Secondary chuck component and vertical spindle unit block share the effect can playing immovable support, and knife rest can not be rotated.A handle of a knife of knife rest is fixedly mounted in vertical spindle unit 69, after another handle of a knife loads sub-folder 72, chuck hydraulic cylinder 76 action, pull bar 74 moves up, pull on pull bar 74 and move, pull bar 74 pulls in sub-folder 72 and moves, and the conical surface of sub-folder 72 coordinates with the hole wall of bellmouth 77, the head of sub-folder 72 is squeezed closed, blocks the handle of a knife fixing knife rest.Such knife rest has just been separately fixed on secondary chuck component and vertical spindle unit block, and knife rest can not rotate.When unloading lower slide, chuck hydraulic cylinder 76 action, pull bar 74 moves down, pushing drawing rod 74 moves down, pull bar 74 promotes sub-folder 72 and moves down, and a sub-folder conical surface of 72 and the hole wall of bellmouth 77 unclamp, and the extruding force that the head of sub-folder 72 is subject to reduces and unclamps, the handle of a knife of knife rest is released, so just can take off handle of a knife; The handle of a knife that knife rest is arranged in vertical spindle unit 69 is also removed, and so just can take off knife rest.Inductive switch 16 detects the position of induction pieces 21, can control the action of chuck hydraulic cylinder 76 like this, makes moving up and down of the piston rod 75 of chuck hydraulic cylinder 76 more accurate.

If do not need to make knife rest rotate, then the mounting head of knife rest is only fixedly mounted in vertical spindle unit 69, and does not need to be fixed in sub-folder 72.

In the present embodiment, when knife rest is tool holder, it comprises tool-post structure 89, main shaft handle of a knife 90, chuck handle of a knife 91, clamping screw 94, No. two clamping screws 97.

Main shaft handle of a knife 90 and chuck handle of a knife 91 are fixed on the back of tool-post structure 89 side by side.Main shaft handle of a knife 90 coordinates with vertical spindle unit 69, can load in vertical spindle unit 69.Chuck handle of a knife 91 and sub-folder 72 coordinates, and can load in sub-folder 72.

The front of tool-post structure 89 has a cutter groove 92 and No. two cutter grooves 93.Cutter groove 92 is vertical with No. two cutter grooves 93 to be arranged, and such lathe tool is contained in a cutter groove 92 or No. two cutter grooves 93, forms two operating angles.

The side channel wall of a cutter groove 92 has a screwed hole 95, clamping screw 94 be connected with a screwed hole 95.

The side channel wall of No. two cutter grooves 93 has No. two screwed holes 96, No. two clamping screws 97 be connected with No. two screwed holes 96.

Lathe tool is contained in a cutter groove 92 and No. two cutter grooves 93, rotates a clamping screw 94 and No. two clamping screws 97, clamping screw 94 and No. two clamping screws 97 inward and be locked by lathe tool after loading.

Horizontal main axis assembly VI is positioned at the side of column 61, and it comprises horizontal main axis unit block, cross sliding board 78, ram 79, ram screw mandrel 81, ram feed screw nut 82, ram screw mandrel drive motors 83.

The medial surface of cross sliding board 78 and No. two column guide rails 63 are slidably connected, and fix with No. two column feed screw nuts 67, No. two column feed screw nuts 67 can drive the horizontal main axis unit 84 on cross sliding board 78 to move in the Z-axis direction, and cutter like this is provided with a moving coordinate axle.

The lateral surface of cross sliding board 78 has slide plate chute, slide plate chute is parallel with Y-axis.

Ram screw mandrel 81 is rotatably connected on cross sliding board 78, and ram screw mandrel 81 is parallel with Y-axis.

Ram screw mandrel drive motors 83 is arranged on cross sliding board 78, and ram screw mandrel drive motors 83 is connected with ram screw mandrel 81, and ram screw mandrel 81 can be driven to rotate.

Ram feed screw nut 82 is connected with ram screw mandrel 81, can move when being driven move by ram screw mandrel 81 along ram screw mandrel 81.

The medial surface 80 of ram 79 is fixed with ram gib, and ram gib is parallel with Y-axis.Ram gib is connected with slide plate slide, and such ram 79 has just been slidably connected on cross sliding board 78.The medial surface 80 of ram 79 is fixed with ram feed screw nut 82, and ram feed screw nut 82 can drive the horizontal main axis unit 84 on ram 79 to move in the Y-axis direction, and cutter like this is provided with a moving coordinate axle.The lateral surface 88 of ram 79 has inclined-plane, is not easy dust stratification like this, and makes ram 79 for similar triangular structure, and volume is little, and intensity is large.

Horizontal main axis unit block is arranged on ram 79, and can adopt prior art.Horizontal main axis unit block comprises horizontal main axis unit 84, horizontal knife striking cylinder 85, horizontal main axis motor 86.Horizontal main axis unit 84 is parallel with Y-axis, and the head of horizontal main axis unit 84 is used for mounting cutter or knife rest.Horizontal main axis unit 84 is connected with horizontal knife striking cylinder 85 and horizontal main axis motor 86.Horizontal main axis unit block can drive the cutter in horizontal main axis unit 84 to rotate, and cutter like this is provided with a rotatable coordinate axis.

In addition, it should be noted that, the specific embodiment described in this description, the shape, institute's title of being named etc. of its parts and components can be different, and the above content described in this description is only to the explanation of the utility model structure example.

Claims (3)

1. a rotation control means for the workbench of Compositions of metal-working machines, described table assembly comprises workbench, table rest, table-driving mechanism, table positions retaining mechanism; Workbench is vertically arranged, and it is rotatably connected on table rest; Table-driving mechanism is connected with workbench, and workbench can be driven to rotate on table rest, and table-driving mechanism comprises table motor; Table positions retaining mechanism is connected with workbench; It is characterized in that: described table-driving mechanism also comprises small synchronous pulley, large synchronous pulley, Timing Belt, clamping cap, drive sleeve, table motor seat, No. two bearings; Table motor seat is fixed on table rest; The fuselage of table motor is fixed on table motor seat; Drive sleeve suit is fixed on the motor shaft of table motor; Small synchronous pulley suit is fixed on outside drive sleeve; The inner ring of No. two bearings is sleeved on table motor seat, and outer ring sleeve is contained in small synchronous pulley; Large synchronous pulley is fixedly set on workbench; Timing Belt is connected with large synchronous pulley and small synchronous pulley; The motor shaft of clamping cap and table motor is fixed, and is connected with drive sleeve, drive sleeve is compressed; Described table positions retaining mechanism comprises locking cylinder, gear lock-bit bar, positioning tooth wheel rim; The cylinder body of locking cylinder is arranged on table rest; Gear lock-bit bar one end is rotatably connected on table rest, the piston hinge of the other end and locking cylinder; Gear lock-bit bar has internal tooth; Described positioning tooth wheel rim is fixed on workbench, and the periphery of positioning tooth wheel rim has external tooth, and external tooth can be connected by disengaged with internal tooth.
2. the rotation control means of the workbench of Compositions of metal-working machines according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described table positions retaining mechanism comprises and also comprises locking bar axle and No. three bearings; Locking bar axle is fixed on table rest; The inner ring suit of No. three bearings is fixed on locking bar axle, and described gear lock-bit bar one end suit is fixed on the outer ring of No. three bearings.
3. the rotation control means of the workbench of Compositions of metal-working machines according to claim 1, is characterized in that: on table rest, be provided with puller bolt, puller bolt is connected with table motor seat.
CN201420537263.1U 2014-09-18 2014-09-18 The rotation control means of the workbench of Compositions of metal-working machines CN204209424U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420537263.1U CN204209424U (en) 2014-09-18 2014-09-18 The rotation control means of the workbench of Compositions of metal-working machines

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420537263.1U CN204209424U (en) 2014-09-18 2014-09-18 The rotation control means of the workbench of Compositions of metal-working machines

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106078241A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-11-09 陈广生 A kind of workbench locking devicen
CN106181442A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-12-07 张德钊 A kind of stable workbench bolt lock mechanism
CN106239179A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-12-21 陈广生 A kind of novel worktable bolt lock structure
CN106239178A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-12-21 陈广生 A kind of locking devicen of workbench
CN106271696A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-04 陈广生 A kind of novel worktable locking devicen of machining
CN106271700A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-04 张德钊 A kind of firm workbench locking devicen

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106078241A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-11-09 陈广生 A kind of workbench locking devicen
CN106181442A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-12-07 张德钊 A kind of stable workbench bolt lock mechanism
CN106239179A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-12-21 陈广生 A kind of novel worktable bolt lock structure
CN106239178A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-12-21 陈广生 A kind of locking devicen of workbench
CN106271696A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-04 陈广生 A kind of novel worktable locking devicen of machining
CN106271700A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-04 张德钊 A kind of firm workbench locking devicen

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