CN204206738U - Inferior soil terre verte vegetation ecological reconstructing system - Google Patents

Inferior soil terre verte vegetation ecological reconstructing system Download PDF

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CN204206738U
CN204206738U CN201420610390.XU CN201420610390U CN204206738U CN 204206738 U CN204206738 U CN 204206738U CN 201420610390 U CN201420610390 U CN 201420610390U CN 204206738 U CN204206738 U CN 204206738U
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soil
pipe
tube
confession
water
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高俊龙
黄其飞
肖定知
张远富
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Hubei Sky Blue Self-identify Ecological Technology Co., Ltd.
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HUBEI SKY BLUE SELF-IDENTLFY ECOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

A kind of inferior soil terre verte vegetation ecological reconstructing system, this system comprises cistern, organic nutrition liquid pool, confession, drainage pipeline networks, and soil fertility promotes pipe network, and seeds transplant protective device; Described seeds transplant the grid that protective device is positioned at confession, drainage pipeline networks; The node of soil fertility lifting pipe network is positioned at the grid of confession, drainage pipeline networks.The utility model has advantage that is rational in infrastructure, dependable performance, and by the feedwater of system, discharge cycle rinses saline land, has accomplished water resource recycling.Confession, drainage pipeline networks, soil fertility promotes pipe network and adopts novel water supply and sewerage pipeline coaxial configuration, overcomes many disadvantages of other drainage pipes, improves soil, reduces saline alkali, build particularly remarkable to varieties in saline-alkali areas ecological vegetation.The utility model market capacity is large, and prospect is extensive, has great market value and social value.

Description

Inferior soil terre verte vegetation ecological reconstructing system
Technical field
The utility model relates to green vegetation ecological reconstruction field, particularly relates to a kind of inferior soil terre verte vegetation ecological reconstructing system.
Background technology
Owing to developing and irrational utilization the transition in soil, China has a lot of area to be faced with land deterioration.According to the land deterioration classification that environment and land deterioration reason are distinguished.Its type has: degradation under saline Land, desertification of land and desertification, water and soil loss, chemical contamination, soil fertility.
In saline Land, it forms accumulative relevant with Carbonates In Soil of major part, and serious desertification, salt affected soil area are woody, herbaceous plant almost can not survive.
Saline land is divided into light saline land, moderate saline-alkali soil and heavy saline.Light saline land refers to emerging of it, percent seventy or eighty, its salt content is below 3/1000ths.Heavy saline refers to that its salt content is more than 6/1000ths, and emergence rate is lower than 50%; Middle is exactly that (be expressed as by pH value: slight alkaline land pH value is: 7.1-8.5, moderate saline-alkali soil pH value is moderate saline-alkali soil: 8.5-9.5, and heavy salinized ground pH value is: more than 9.5).
The reason of desertification is: soil drought, and the low area of waiting of natural vegetation cover is due to human factor destruction, and soil is exposed, drift sand moves and starts to desertify, and then sand dune movement, forms sandy desertification.
The reason of water and soil loss is: artificially to destruction or irrational farming of vegetation, and ground loses vegetation protection and plant root to the resistance of surface runoff, and the rainwater flow velocity of being down to ground strengthens, and this is that lower infiltration soil body person is few on the one hand; Be form the soil erosion along the run-off increasing on slope on the other hand, make soil be subjected to the dual loss of water body and the soil body in this case, cause upper soll layer thinning and the production capacity in soil and ecological functions decline.
Soil fertility declines: mainly agricultural management is extensive, only uses chemical fertilizer and uses the organic manure of farmers' less, thus cause the soil organic matter to lack and nutrient element unbalanced etc.
The at present ameliorative measure concrete to above-mentioned bad soil is: draining, irrigates the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, warps, fosters and apply fertilizer, chemical modifying etc.But generally speaking, existing evolutionary approach all also exists the problem such as green vegetation length recovery time, ecological recovery weak effect, serious waste of resources.
In irrigation facility, adopt gutter drainage, excavation project amount is large, and exists and easily collapse, and easily becomes silted up, easily the problem such as raw weeds.In irrigation facility, adopt closed drainage to reduce occupy cultivated land, improve land utilization rate, be convenient to mechanical cultivation.But closed drainage technology generally adopts local material pipe or plastic tube, construction costs is higher, infiltration weak effect, and one-time investment is comparatively large, in China's not yet large-area applications.Saline land also often there will be impeded drainage, the problem of the soil accumulation of salt in the surface soil and Secondary Saline simultaneously, and drainage effect is bad, is unfavorable for the growth of crops.
Summary of the invention
The utility model provides a kind of draining unimpeded, not easily blocking, long service life inferior soil terre verte vegetation ecological reconstructing system, to solve, existing soil inferior modification scheme is unreasonable, not science, and impeded drainage leads to, revegetation weak effect, water resource waste is serious, the problems such as the salinization of soil.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of inferior soil terre verte vegetation ecological reconstructing system, is characterized in that this system comprises cistern, organic nutrition liquid pool, confession, drainage pipeline networks, soil fertility promotes pipe network, and seeds transplant protective device; Described seeds transplant the grid that protective device is positioned at confession, drainage pipeline networks; The node of soil fertility lifting pipe network is positioned at the grid of confession, drainage pipeline networks;
Described confession, drainage pipeline networks connect and compose netted by confession, draining integral tube by connecting tube, described confession, draining integral tube are arranged on below the dark layer of turning over of distance horizon 1-1.25m, this confession, draining integral tube are sleeve structure, comprise the interior pipe with water supply effect and the outer tube with drainage, be provided with support frame between described interior pipe and outer tube, described interior pipe is spaced a distance and is connected the shower nozzle that soil carries out spray irrigation with on earth's surface;
The arrival end of described interior pipe is connected with water purifier by pipeline, and water purifier is connected with water pump, and water pump is connected with cistern; The port of export of described outer tube is connected with the ecological reconstruction pond be positioned at apart from the dark hardening of cement of horizon 7-15m, and ecological reconstruction pond is connected with cistern by pumping system;
Described soil fertility promotes the pipe network that pipe network is interconnected to constitute by infiltrating irrigation pipe, described infiltrating irrigation pipe is arranged on the layer place of turning over of the dark soil of 0.4-0.7m under horizon, this infiltrating irrigation pipe tube wall is provided with multiple seepage mouth, is arranged with filter screen outside infiltrating irrigation pipe, and bottom infiltrating irrigation pipe, tube wall is outside equipped with semi arch PVP film; The arrival end of described infiltrating irrigation pipe is connected with filter chamber, filter chamber respectively with join fertile to manage, gas-distribution pipe is connected, at gas-distribution pipe, join fertile pipe and be equipped with one-way movable valve with the junction of filter chamber, filtering screen is provided with in filter chamber, filtering screen covers the arrival end of infiltrating irrigation pipe, is provided with sewage draining exit bottom described filter chamber;
Described gas-distribution pipe is connected with high-pressure pump, describedly join fertile pipe and be connected with water pump, water pump is connected with organic nutrition liquid pool, and organic nutrition liquid pool top is provided with electromotor, electromotor is connected with the rotating shaft in organic nutrition liquid pool by reducer output shaft, and rotating shaft is provided with stirring vane;
Described seeds are transplanted protective device and comprise interior casing, outer casing, interior casing height is lower than outer casing height, improvement compound soil moved in improve the original is provided with in interior casing, backfill soil is filled with between interior casing, outer casing, improvement compound soil moved in improve the original in interior casing covers by this backfill soil, and interior casing orlop is provided with geotextiles water strainer, drainage grain successively, and inside and outside casing is equipped with multiple seepage mouth, also be provided with inlet opening at interior casing sidepiece, this inlet opening is connected with interior pipe by aqueduct; Be provided with osculum bottom described interior casing, this osculum is connected with outer tube by drainpipe.
As preferably, described confession, draining integral tube are spaced a distance and are directly connected with shower nozzle, this shower nozzle directly comprises the inner sleeve that connect corresponding to interior pipe and the outer tube that be connected corresponding to outer tube, outer tube is vertically provided with through outer tube and the jet pipe be connected with inner sleeve, described jet pipe is connected with shower nozzle, between inner sleeve and outer tube, be provided with support frame.
As preferably, described outer tube is multi-layer compound structure, from inside to outside for steel wire supporting network, fleece, filter membrane are composited.
As preferably, outside described outer pipe bottom filter membrane, be arranged with semi arch degradable tank.
As preferably, described pumping system comprises water pump, water supply hose, and water pump is connected with water supply hose by pipeline, and water supply hose is connected with water inlet buoyant raft.
As preferably, described shower nozzle is located at distance ground surface 1-1.5m high position, any two sprinkler spacing 8-12 meters.
As preferably, described connecting tube comprises directly, threeway, four-way, described directly, threeway, four-way include with for the corresponding inner sleeve that connects of pipe in, draining integral tube and with confession, the corresponding outer tube be connected of draining integral tube outer tube, between inner sleeve and outer tube, be provided with support frame.
As preferably, described water purifier is made up of the supervisor of the active carbon filtration post of at least two of leading portion ion exchange columns of different nature parallel with one another, rear and parcel exchange column, Filter column.
As preferably, described organic nutrition liquid pool provides the organic nutrient solution for cultivating of improvement soil inferior soil, the component of this organic nutrient solution for cultivating and proportioning thereof are: stalk powder 600 parts, natural pond liquid 500 parts, superphosphate 30 parts, polyacrylic acid potassium 50 parts, 5 parts, toluene nicotine, containing humic acid more than 70% weathering coal dust 50 parts, acid-sludge 120 parts, 2 parts, azotobacter, photosynthetic bacteria 3 parts, colloid bacillus cereus 2 parts, bacillus licheniformis 2 parts, ammonium sulphate phosphate 5 parts, potassium sulfate 10 parts, sorbic acid 2.5 parts.
As preferably, pH sensor is provided with in described ecological reconstruction pond, pH sensor is connected with PLC, PLC sheds device with the pill on side, ecological reconstruction pond and is connected, pill is shed device and is shed soil reconstruction particle to the ecological reconstruction pond water surface, this soil reconstruction particle comprises the component of following proportioning: superphosphate 30 parts, photosynthetic bacteria 3 parts, ammonium sulphate phosphate 5 parts, potassium sulfate 10 parts, 5 parts, zinc sulphate, 8 parts, magnesium sulfate, 10 parts, nitrate of lime, industrial starch 50 parts, hydroxyethylcellulose 18 parts, polyethylene glycol oxide PEO, by above-mentioned raw materials premix, after sieving, appropriate water is added while stirring in kneader, mediate to making powder become pug, by pug rubbing, mud bar is put into pellet processing machine pill, obtain soil reconstruction granular pill.
The utility model have modification scheme rationally, science, improve soil ecology effect excellent, the advantages such as revegetation is effective, dependable performance.The green vegetation ecology of the utility model to varieties in saline-alkali areas, desertificated area is built particularly remarkable, and for the soil that water and soil loss, chemical contamination, soil fertility decline, the utility model whole system design structure is also effective, can in conjunction with the local soil materials of adaptation during application, the composition of adjustment organic nutrient solution for cultivating and soil reconstruction particle adapts to.
By the feedwater of native system, discharge cycle rinses saline land, has accomplished water resource recycling; Adopt powerful to fertile, oxygen supply, seeds transplant the measures such as protection, impart the soil inferior new vitalities such as saline and alkaline, desertification.
In native system, confession, draining integral tube adopt novel water supply and sewerage pipeline coaxial configuration, overcome many disadvantages of other drainage pipes, its utilizes " capillary " phenomenon and " siphon " principle, integrate water suction, permeable, draining, water delivery, there is the withstand voltage, permeable of engineering design requirements and reverse filter effect, realize quick for installation, save cost, the plurality of advantages such as easy to use.For, draining integral tube, there is the advantage of never degrading in soil, in water, in addition anti-aging formula, the unconverted feature of permanent material can be kept.In organic nutrition liquid pool, chemical fertilizer fully stirs by stirring vane, makes chemical fertilizer and water Homogeneous phase mixing, prevents sediment; Batch mixing can carried out to irrigation water, fertilizer etc. by filter chamber, filter chamber filters out the impurity, sediment etc. that produce in organic nutrition liquid pool, filter chamber can ensure that infiltrating irrigation pipe can use for a long time, liquid manure after being filtered by filtering screen is flowed out by the seepage mouth on infiltrating irrigation pipe tube wall, what keep soil has certain humidity, moisture fully can accumulate in the root of crops, is absorbed by crops.Filter screen outside infiltrating irrigation pipe pipe can prevent the impurity blocking seepage mouth outside pipe, ensures the uniformity of film ditch infiltrating irrigation.Multiple micropores on infiltrating irrigation pipe are that infiltrating irrigation does not block, and lifespan is long.Water after semi arch PVP film can prevent soil irrigation simultaneously continues infiltration, and the current be conducive to after earth irrigation go back to ecological reconstruction pond.High-pressure pump can carry out backwash to filter chamber, extends the pipe network life-span, and high-pressure pump has auxiliary conveying nutrient, not only provides oxygen to organic nutrient solution for cultivating, makes the particle in liquid fully incorporate liquid simultaneously.Seeds are transplanted protective device and improve tree planting, the survival rate of especially famous and precious seeds.The utility model market capacity is large, and prospect is extensive, has great market value and social value.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is topology layout schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is part section structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of confession, draining integral tube in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the direct cross-sectional view of shower nozzle in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is direct generalized section in Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is the generalized section of threeway in Fig. 1;
Fig. 7 is the generalized section of four-way in Fig. 1;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of infiltrating irrigation pipe in Fig. 2;
Fig. 9 is the cross-sectional view of infiltrating irrigation pipe in Fig. 2;
Figure 10 is water purifier structural representation in Fig. 1;
Figure 11 is that in Fig. 2, seeds transplant protective device structural representation;
Figure 12 is the structural representation that Fig. 1 Chinese traditional medicine sheds device;
Figure 13 is the structural representation of pumping system in Fig. 1.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail.
Shown in composition graphs 1, this inferior soil terre verte vegetation ecological reconstructing system, is characterized in that this system comprises cistern 1, organic nutrition liquid pool 2, confession, drainage pipeline networks 3, and soil fertility promotes pipe network 4, and seeds transplant protective device 40; Seeds transplant the grid that protective device 40 is positioned at confession, drainage pipeline networks 3.The node of soil fertility lifting pipe network 4 is positioned at the grid of confession, drainage pipeline networks 3.
Shown in composition graphs 3, confession, drainage pipeline networks 3 connect and compose netted by confession, draining integral tube 5 by connecting tube 6, confession, draining integral tube 5 are sleeve structure, comprise interior pipe 7 and outer tube 8, are provided with support frame 9 between interior pipe 7 and outer tube 8, interior pipe 7 is feed pipe, interior pipe is coated with the coating of anti-aging formula, coating is the resin material of ultra-violet curing, during making, at pipeline external layer overlay, then by ultra violet lamp, itself and pipeline are fused into one.The permanent unconverted feature of material can be kept.
Outer tube 8 is the drainpipe of sandwich construction, is steel wire supporting network 15, the high-strength Z-TEK how imperial yarn synthesis polyester fiber net 16, the filter membrane 17 that cover PVC from inside to outside.Be arranged with semi arch degradable tank 117 outside outer pipe bottom filter membrane 17, degradable tank 117 can prevent water in outer tube 18 from oozing out.Semi arch degradable tank 117 primary raw material is that biodegradable master batch (potato form sediment Fen) forms with plastic pellet masterbatch mixture manufacturing, and biological degradation is the degraded utilizing the microorganism of occurring in nature to reach the degradation of plastics.After land improvement, semi arch degradable tank 117 has fallen with regard to natural degradation, does not affect the ecological balance completely.
Confession, draining integral tube 5 have the advantage of never degrading in soil, in water.Overcome many disadvantages of other drainage pipes, it utilizes " capillary " phenomenon and " siphon " principle, integrates water supply, water suction, permeable, draining, has the withstand voltage, permeable of engineering design requirements and reverse filter effect.
Shown in composition graphs 2, confession, draining integral tube 5 are arranged on below the dark layer of turning over of distance horizon 1-1.25m, be spaced a distance for the interior pipe in, draining integral tube 5 and with on earth's surface, the shower nozzle that soil carries out spray irrigation be connected, shower nozzle 14 is located at apart from horizon 1-1.5m high, any two shower nozzle 14 spacing 8-12 meters.
Shown in composition graphs 4,5,6,7, connecting tube 6 comprises directly, threeway, four-way, shower nozzle is direct, directly, threeway, four-way, inner sleeve 10 and outer tube 11 is included during shower nozzle is direct, be provided with support set skeleton 91 between inner sleeve and outer tube, directly, threeway, four-way will connect and compose netted for, draining integral tube 5.
The direct outer tube 11 of shower nozzle is vertically provided with through outer tube 11 and the jet pipe 13 be connected with inner sleeve 10, jet pipe 13 is connected with shower nozzle 14, and shower nozzle has well irrigated field.
The arrival end of interior pipe 7 is connected with water purifier 31 (water purifier of existing filtration hardness) water by pipeline, and water purifier 31 is made up of the supervisor 39 of the active carbon filtration post 38 of at least two of leading portion ion exchange columns of different nature 37 parallel with one another, rear and parcel exchange column, Filter column; After former water enters ion exchange column 37, H+ exchanger resin RH is by all for Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, the Fe5+ etc. in water metal cation adsorptions, and discharge H+, H+ and HCO3-reaction generates H2O and CO2, thus reach partially desalted object, former water, after Na type ion exchange column 37, can reduce the basicity of former water; By the current of hybrid chamber after active carbon filtration post 38, the peculiar smell in water and particle can be adsorbed, thus the water quality of water outlet is uprised.
Water purifier 31 is connected with water pump 27, and water pump 27 is connected with cistern 1; Water purifier 31 purifies the water that outer tube 8 is carried, the port of export of confession, draining integral tube 5 outer tube is connected with the ecological reconstruction pond 35 be positioned at apart from horizon 7-15m is dark, be connected with cistern 1 by pumping system 72 in ecological reconstruction pond 35, pumping system 72 comprises water pump 27, water supply hose 70, water pump 27 is connected with water supply hose 70 by pipeline, water supply hose 70 is connected with water inlet buoyant raft 71, and water inlet buoyant raft 71 is with surface motions, and water supply hose 70 absorbs the water of cistern 1 water surface.
Outer tube 8 absorbs the moisture in soil, is gathered together, and is finally displaced into ecological reconstruction pond 35.PH sensor 55 is provided with in ecological reconstruction pond 35, pH sensor 55 is connected with PLC56, PLC56 sheds device 57 with the medicine shedding soil reconstruction particle to ecological reconstruction pond 35 water surface and is connected, and medicine is shed device 57 and is arranged on pool side, can shed soil reconstruction particle to the large-area water surface.Water after dealkalize process enters cistern 1 through pumping system 72, obtains the dealkalize water worked to alkaline land improving, and this dealkalize water can flow to soil inferior, to improve soil structure further again through confession, draining integral tube 5.
The soil reconstruction particle (dealkalization type) that the utility model is used comprises the component of following proportioning: this soil reconstruction particle comprises the component of following proportioning: superphosphate 30 parts, photosynthetic bacteria 3 parts, ammonium sulphate phosphate 5 parts, potassium sulfate 10 parts, 5 parts, zinc sulphate, 8 parts, magnesium sulfate, 10 parts, nitrate of lime, industrial starch 50 parts, hydroxyethylcellulose 18 parts, polyethylene glycol oxide PEO, by above-mentioned raw materials premix, after sieving, appropriate water is added while stirring in kneader, mediate to making powder become pug, by pug rubbing, mud bar is put into pellet processing machine pill, obtain soil reconstruction granular pill.Experiment proves: through soil reconstruction particle disposal and after irrigating, the land quality of any light saline land, moderate saline-alkali soil and heavy saline can be improved significantly.
Medicine shown in Figure 12 sheds device 57 primarily of formations such as body 64, charging hopper 58, material-falling hopper 65, lever 60, tongue tube 63, controllers 59.Wherein charging hopper 58 is fixed in body 64, and material-falling hopper 65 is arranged on the below of charging hopper 58; Feed throwing disc 66 is arranged on the below of material-falling hopper 65, and it directly drives High Rotation Speed by material casting motor 67.Therefore the feed granules fallen from material-falling hopper 65 will be gone out by the impelling of feed throwing disc blade immediately.PH value in pond is passed to PLC56 by pH sensor 55, and PLC56 regulates and controls controller 59, and the medicine that soil reconstruction particle shed by device 57 in ecological reconstruction pond 35 shed by medicine.
Discharge tray 68 is arranged in material-falling hopper 65, the end of discharge tray 68 is fixed on twisted axis 69, magnet 62(or vibrating motor) discharge tray 68 can be driven to realize vibration by twisted axis 69.
Be provided with a lever 60 bottom charging hopper 58, its fulcrum can be arranged on the headwall of material-falling hopper 65, certainly also can be arranged at bottom charging hopper 58 on any supporting surface.One end of lever 60 is connected with the pressing plate 61 being positioned at funnel mouth place, and the other end is fixed with magnet 62, is provided with tongue tube 63 immediately below magnet 62.When charging hopper 58 li does not have feed, lever 60 due to magnet end heavier, its magnet 62 can near tongue tube 63, and pressing plate end can upwarp; After charging hopper 58 li has filled soil reconstruction particle, soil reconstruction particle can because gravity pressure be on pressing plate 61, and like this, cause the pressing plate end of lever 60 to decline, magnet end upwarps, thus allows magnet 62 away from tongue tube 63.
Shown in composition graphs 2,8, soil fertility promotes the pipe network that pipe network 4 is interconnected to constitute by infiltrating irrigation pipe 18, and infiltrating irrigation pipe 18 is arranged on the layer place of turning over of soil, under horizon, field, about 0.4-0.7m is dark, infiltrating irrigation pipe 18 tube wall is provided with multiple seepage mouth 19, and infiltration, 19 is aperture or narrow slit.Filter screen 20 is arranged with outside infiltrating irrigation pipe 18, infiltrating irrigation pipe 18 arrival end be connected with filter chamber 21, filter chamber 21 respectively with join fertile pipe 22, gas-distribution pipe 23 is connected, be provided with filtering screen 24 in filter chamber 21, filtering screen 24 covers the entrance of infiltrating irrigation pipe 18 terminal, is provided with sewage draining exit 25 bottom filter chamber 21, gas-distribution pipe 23, join on fertile pipe 22 and be equipped with one-way movable valve 34, one-way movable valve 34 prevents the refluence of liquid can only one-way flow, gas-distribution pipe 23 is connected with high-pressure pump 26, gas-distribution pipe 23 not only provides oxygen to organic nutrient solution for cultivating, make the particle in organic nutrient solution for cultivating fully incorporate liquid simultaneously, join fertile pipe 22 to be connected with water pump 27, water pump 27 is connected with organic nutrition liquid pool 2, organic nutrition liquid pool 2 top is provided with electromotor 28, electromotor 28 is connected with the rotating shaft 29 in organic nutrition liquid pool 2 by reducer output shaft 29, rotating shaft 29 is provided with stirring vane 30, solia particle in organic nutrient solution for cultivating can be allowed to float on a liquid, utilize Liquid transfer.
Filter chamber 21 can filter irrigation water, organic liquid manure etc., filter chamber 21 is parts specific to soil fertility lifting pipe network 4, it can filter out large impurity, sediment etc. in organic nutrition liquid pool 21, is flowed out by the seepage mouth 19 on infiltrating irrigation pipe 18 tube wall by the organic liquid manure after filtering screen 24 filters.Can ensure that infiltrating irrigation pipe 18 can use for a long time.
Bottom infiltrating irrigation pipe 18, tube wall is outside equipped with semi arch PVP film 32, can prevent water in infiltrating irrigation pipe 18 from oozing out, PVP film 32 for being by the synthetic of PVC+PP material, be a kind of high density, unprotected side chain, high crystallization must linear polymer, there is excellent combination property.
By filter chamber 21 joins fertile pipe 22, gas-distribution pipe 23, the conveying of particle nutriment can be accelerated, filter the organic nutrient solution for cultivating after bulky grain by filtering screen 24 and flowed out by the seepage mouth 19 on infiltrating irrigation pipe 18 tube wall.Filter screen 20 outside infiltrating irrigation pipe 18 pipe can prevent the impurity blocking seepage mouth 19 outside pipe, slows down and water speed, ensure the uniformity of film ditch infiltrating irrigation.Filter screen 20 can adopt absorbent material to make, and organic nutrient solution for cultivating can spread to pipeline surrounding, and the effect of impregnation especially above pipeline is obvious.
In organic nutrition liquid pool 2, fertilizer fully stirs by stirring vane 30, makes fertilizer and water Homogeneous phase mixing, prevents sediment; Organic nutrient solution for cultivating (being suitable for saline and alkaline soil) composition is divided into: stalk powder 600 parts, natural pond liquid 500 parts, superphosphate 30 parts, polyacrylic acid potassium 50 parts, containing humic acid more than 70% weathering coal dust 50 parts, acid-sludge 120 parts, 2 parts, azotobacter, photosynthetic bacteria 3 parts, 5 parts, toluene nicotine, colloid bacillus cereus 2 parts, bacillus licheniformis 2 parts, ammonium sulphate phosphate 5 parts, potassium sulfate 10 parts, sorbic acid 2.5 parts.
Above-mentioned azotobacter, photosynthetic bacteria, colloid bacillus cereus, the bacillus licheniformis complementarity and mutual benefit in metabolism, can save the interpolation of inorganic fertilizer, has and not easily can be developed in soil by the soil quality of crop utilization.Meanwhile, according to different soil constitutions, add the inorganic nutrients of different proportion, the basic nutrient needed for crop can be met, the waste of nutrient can be reduced again.The chronic administration of this fertilizer fundamentally can improve soil environment lastingly, especially salt affected soil environment, realizes the object on transformation salinity ground.
After native system organically combines, can saving water resource to greatest extent, improve the service efficiency of water.
Shown in Figure 11, seeds are transplanted protective device 40 and comprise interior casing 51, outer casing 52, interior casing 51 height is lower than outer casing 52 height, improvement compound soil moved in improve the original 53 is provided with in interior casing 51, this improvement compound soil moved in improve the original 53 is formulated by the component Homogeneous phase mixing of following proportioning, the blue or green husky 80-100 part of Hanjiang River, yellow sand 30-40 part, clay 40-50 part, rotted leaf 10-20 part, stalk powder 25-30 part, peat composed of rotten mosses 10-20 part, azotobacter 1-2 part, photosynthetic bacteria 1-2 part, colloid bacillus cereus 1-2 part, VA Mycorrhizal Fungi 2-3 part, auximone 0.05-0.15 part, ammonium sulphate phosphate 6-8 part, sorbic acid 2-3 part, superphosphate 2-3 part and potassium nitrate 8-10 part, containing abundant nutriment in improvement compound soil moved in improve the original 53, can promote that the formation of nursery stock root grows rapidly.Improvement compound soil moved in improve the original 53 gas permeability, moisture retention, nutrient preserving capability are good, are conducive to taking root and take root with the aerobic respiration of back root part of nursery stock, and decrease the routine servicing after cultivation.Backfill soil 54 is filled with between interior casing 51, outer casing 52, improvement compound soil moved in improve the original 53 in interior casing 51 covers by this backfill soil 54, interior casing 51 orlop is provided with geotextiles water strainer 44, drainage grain 45 successively, geotextiles water strainer 44 is by the water penetration geosynthetics of synthetic fibers by acupuncture or braiding, there is outstanding filtration, draining, isolation, reinforcement, antiseepage, protective action, simultaneously lightweight, tensile strength is high, good penetrability, high temperature resistant, anti-freezing, ageing-resistant, corrosion-resistant.Geotextiles water strainer 44 and drainage grain 45 well prevent in saline and alkaline infiltration planter 41.Inside and outside casing 51,52 is equipped with multiple seepage mouth 19, is provided with inlet opening 47 at the sidepiece of interior casing 51, inlet opening 47 is provided with aqueduct 42; Be provided with osculum 46 in the bottom of interior casing 51, osculum 46 be provided with drainpipe 46; Aqueduct 42, be connected with for, drainage pipeline networks 3, aqueduct 42 is connected with the interior pipe 7 of plastic blind-ditch 5, and the infiltrating irrigation pipe 8 that drainpipe 43 and soil fertility promote net 3 is connected, and drainpipe 43 enters infiltrating irrigation pipe 88 after collecting moisture, saving water resource.Resist saline and alkaline trees at saline land ecological region planting, trees ' root device planter 40, improve trees surviving rate, improve soil salt alkalescence, enrich varieties in saline-alkali areas Plant Diversity.
Finally it should be pointed out that above embodiment is only the more representational example of the utility model.Obviously, the utility model is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, can also have many distortion.Every above embodiment is done according to technical spirit of the present utility model any simple modification, equivalent variations and modification, all should think and belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. an inferior soil terre verte vegetation ecological reconstructing system, is characterized in that this system comprises cistern, organic nutrition liquid pool, confession, drainage pipeline networks, and soil fertility promotes pipe network, and seeds transplant protective device; Described seeds transplant the grid that protective device is positioned at confession, drainage pipeline networks; The node of soil fertility lifting pipe network is positioned at the grid of confession, drainage pipeline networks;
Described confession, drainage pipeline networks connect and compose netted by confession, draining integral tube by connecting tube, described confession, draining integral tube are arranged on below the dark layer of turning over of distance horizon 1-1.25m, this confession, draining integral tube are sleeve structure, comprise the interior pipe with water supply effect and the outer tube with drainage, be provided with support frame between described interior pipe and outer tube, described interior pipe is spaced a distance and is connected the shower nozzle that soil carries out spray irrigation with on earth's surface;
The arrival end of described interior pipe is connected with water purifier by pipeline, and water purifier is connected with water pump, and water pump is connected with cistern; The port of export of described outer tube is connected with the ecological reconstruction pond be positioned at apart from the dark hardening of cement of horizon 7-15m, and ecological reconstruction pond is connected with cistern by pumping system;
Described soil fertility promotes the pipe network that pipe network is interconnected to constitute by infiltrating irrigation pipe, described infiltrating irrigation pipe is arranged on the layer place of turning over of the dark soil of 0.4-0.7m under horizon, this infiltrating irrigation pipe tube wall is provided with multiple seepage mouth, is arranged with filter screen outside infiltrating irrigation pipe, and bottom infiltrating irrigation pipe, tube wall is outside equipped with semi arch PVP film; The arrival end of described infiltrating irrigation pipe is connected with filter chamber, filter chamber respectively with join fertile to manage, gas-distribution pipe is connected, at gas-distribution pipe, join fertile pipe and be equipped with one-way movable valve with the junction of filter chamber, filtering screen is provided with in filter chamber, filtering screen covers the arrival end of infiltrating irrigation pipe, is provided with sewage draining exit bottom described filter chamber;
Described gas-distribution pipe is connected with high-pressure pump, describedly join fertile pipe and be connected with water pump, water pump is connected with organic nutrition liquid pool, and organic nutrition liquid pool top is provided with electromotor, electromotor is connected with the rotating shaft in organic nutrition liquid pool by reducer output shaft, and rotating shaft is provided with stirring vane;
Described seeds are transplanted protective device and comprise interior casing, outer casing, interior casing height is lower than outer casing height, improvement compound soil moved in improve the original is provided with in interior casing, backfill soil is filled with between interior casing, outer casing, improvement compound soil moved in improve the original in interior casing covers by this backfill soil, and interior casing orlop is provided with geotextiles water strainer, drainage grain successively, and inside and outside casing is equipped with multiple seepage mouth, also be provided with inlet opening at interior casing sidepiece, this inlet opening is connected with interior pipe by aqueduct; Be provided with osculum bottom described interior casing, this osculum is connected with outer tube by drainpipe.
2. inferior soil terre verte vegetation ecological reconstructing system according to claim 1, is characterized in that described outer tube is multi-layer compound structure, from inside to outside for steel wire supporting network, fleece, filter membrane are composited.
3. inferior soil terre verte vegetation ecological reconstructing system according to claim 1, is characterized in that being arranged with semi arch degradable tank outside described outer pipe bottom filter membrane.
4. inferior soil terre verte vegetation ecological reconstructing system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described pumping system comprises water pump, water supply hose, water pump is connected with water supply hose by pipeline, and water supply hose is connected with water inlet buoyant raft.
5. inferior soil terre verte vegetation ecological reconstructing system according to claim 1, is characterized in that described shower nozzle is located at distance ground surface 1-1.5m high position, any two sprinkler spacing 8-12 meters.
6. inferior soil terre verte vegetation ecological reconstructing system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described connecting tube comprises directly, threeway, four-way, described directly, threeway, four-way include with for the corresponding inner sleeve that connects of pipe in, draining integral tube and with confession, the corresponding outer tube be connected of draining integral tube outer tube, between inner sleeve and outer tube, be provided with support frame.
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104255108A (en) * 2014-10-22 2015-01-07 湖北天蓝地绿生态科技有限公司 Inferior land green vegetation ecological reconstruction system
CN106284244A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-04 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of drainage system of Yellow River irrigation cultivation in farmland
CN106325198A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-01-11 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Saline-alkali soil improvement drainage system and internet-of-things management system thereof
CN108029522A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-05-15 福建省春天生态科技股份有限公司 A kind of method for reconstructing in bogginess greenery patches habitat
CN108934250A (en) * 2018-06-15 2018-12-07 塔里木大学 Sandy soil soil fertility promotes the circulatory system
CN110663512A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-01-10 济南大学 Water-saving surface irrigation and low-pressure underground pipe network recharging and supplementary mining coupling system for super mining area

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104255108A (en) * 2014-10-22 2015-01-07 湖北天蓝地绿生态科技有限公司 Inferior land green vegetation ecological reconstruction system
CN104255108B (en) * 2014-10-22 2015-09-02 湖北天蓝地绿生态科技股份有限公司 Inferior soil terre verte vegetation ecological reconstructing system
CN106325198A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-01-11 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Saline-alkali soil improvement drainage system and internet-of-things management system thereof
CN106325198B (en) * 2016-08-29 2018-12-04 山东胜伟盐碱地科技有限公司 A kind of alkaline land improving drainage system based on Internet of Things
CN106284244A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-04 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of drainage system of Yellow River irrigation cultivation in farmland
CN108029522A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-05-15 福建省春天生态科技股份有限公司 A kind of method for reconstructing in bogginess greenery patches habitat
CN108934250A (en) * 2018-06-15 2018-12-07 塔里木大学 Sandy soil soil fertility promotes the circulatory system
CN110663512A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-01-10 济南大学 Water-saving surface irrigation and low-pressure underground pipe network recharging and supplementary mining coupling system for super mining area

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