CN204197081U - A kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system utilizing road superjacent air space - Google Patents

A kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system utilizing road superjacent air space Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204197081U
CN204197081U CN201420859796.1U CN201420859796U CN204197081U CN 204197081 U CN204197081 U CN 204197081U CN 201420859796 U CN201420859796 U CN 201420859796U CN 204197081 U CN204197081 U CN 204197081U
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CN
China
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plate
escape
power
compartment
public transit
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CN201420859796.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张银锁
赵胜鸿
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山西三晋云谷物联信息技术有限公司
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Priority to CN201420859796.1U priority Critical patent/CN204197081U/en
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Publication of CN204197081U publication Critical patent/CN204197081U/en

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    • Y02T30/40

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system utilizing road superjacent air space, comprise electric bus and overhead station, electric bus comprises at least one joint compartment, the lower surface both sides, chassis often saving compartment are all installed with support side plate, the bottom of support side plate is provided with wheel, other automobiles can two support side plate, travel in the traveling space that the chassis in compartment and road surface are formed, often save compartment and be provided with power system and power-supply system, power-supply system comprises super capacitor, power-supply system is that power system is powered, power system can drive vehicle wheel rotation, overhead station is provided with charging unit, when electric bus stop or through overhead station, charging unit charges to power-supply system, when overhead station is left in electric bus startup, charging unit is directly for power system is powered.This public transit system utilizes pure driven by power and does not take existing track, can effectively alleviate or problem that transport solution is crowded.

Description

A kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system utilizing road superjacent air space

Technical field

The utility model relates to public transit system field, particularly relates to a kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system utilizing road superjacent air space.

Background technology

Along with the fast development of global economy and the continuous propelling of urbanization process, automobile industry obtains develop rapidly, increasing sharply of communications and transportation and automobile pollution, cause traffic jam issue to become increasingly conspicuous, the problems such as thing followed aerial contamination, noise affect civic trip and health all greatly.

Therefore, city traffic is badly in need of one and is utilized clean energy resource not tie up existing road surface again simultaneously, and public transit system easy to implement with low cost.And existing subway, light rail is owing to building maintenance cost, and public transport cable release all cannot meet the demand due to problems such as exclusive tracks simultaneously.

Utility model content

The utility model object is to provide a kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system utilizing road superjacent air space, utilizes pure driven by power and does not take existing track.

The utility model technical solution problem adopts following technical scheme: a kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system utilizing road superjacent air space, comprises electric bus and overhead station,

Described electric bus comprises at least one joint compartment, and the lower surface both sides, chassis often saving described compartment are all installed with support side plate, and the bottom of described support side plate is provided with wheel, is formed and travel space between the chassis and road surface in two support side plate, compartment,

Often save described compartment and be provided with power system and power-supply system, described power-supply system comprises super capacitor, and power-supply system is that power system is powered, and described power system can drive vehicle wheel rotation,

Described overhead station is provided with charging unit, and described charging unit switches power supply between power-supply system and power system,

Described charging unit comprises two horizontally disposed strip conductors, article two, described strip conductor is fixedly mounted on the sidewall of overhead station, article two, strip conductor is setting up and down, the all downward-sloping formation spigot surface in the two ends of strip conductor described in every root, the support side plate often saving described compartment is installed with two charging piles setting up and down, described in every root, the rear end of charging pile is connected with power-supply system, described in every root, the front end of charging pile is all hinged with charging electrode by hinged seat, the first spring is provided with between charging electrode and charging pile, the lower end of described first spring is fixedly connected on the front end of charging pile, the upper end of the first spring is fixedly connected on charging electrode, described hinged seat is between the first spring and support side plate, when electric bus enters overhead station, the front end being positioned at the charging electrode of upside first with the guide face contacts of strip conductor being positioned at upside, then press down on the upper surface of the strip conductor being positioned at upside in the elastic force effect of the first spring, the front end being positioned at the charging electrode of downside first with the guide face contacts of strip conductor being positioned at downside, then press down on the upper surface of the strip conductor being positioned at downside in the elastic force effect of the first spring.

Optionally, described power-supply system also comprises storage battery, and described storage battery and super capacitor are connected in parallel.

Optionally, described power-supply system also comprises charging control unit and control of discharge unit,

Described charging control unit, for controlling charging unit to described storage battery and the charging of described super capacitor,

Described control of discharge unit, for controlling in discharge process, the preferential electric energy that stores in described super capacitor of using is powered, when in described super capacitor, electricity reaches lower limit for power system, described super capacitor is stopped power supply, and described storage battery is that power system is powered.

Optionally, native system also comprises brake energy recovering system, and described brake energy recovering system comprises energy conversion device, is converted to electric energy for the kinetic energy discharged in braking or coast in compartment,

Described charging control unit; can control in use energy conversion device process of charging; the charging current of described storage battery is made to be limited under rated value; to protect to greatest extent in the process of charging of described storage battery when Brake energy recovery by the impact of big current; when the electric current that described energy conversion device is transformed out is greater than the limit value of storage battery, excessive electric current is absorbed by described super capacitor.

Optionally, described electric bus travels on rail or highway pavement, and the wheel of electric bus contacts with rail or highway pavement.

Optionally, the road surface between two described rails is recessed to form groove downwards, and the bottom surface of described groove forms the road surface of other running cars.

Optionally, described electric bus is in series by least two joint compartments, and connected by narrow passage between described two joint compartments, compartment is saved at the two ends of described narrow passage respectively end with two is hinged, described narrow passage is communicated with two joint compartments, and the width of narrow passage is less than the width in described compartment.

Optionally, described power system comprises wheel hub magneto-electric machine, and the rotor of described wheel hub magneto-electric machine is fixedly connected with the wheel hub of described wheel, for driving vehicle wheel rotation.

Optionally, the sidewall in described compartment offers emergency exits, described emergency exits are provided with folded metal escape ramp, described folded metal escape ramp comprises the first escape plate, the second escape plate and the 3rd escape plate, one end of described first escape plate is hinged on the bottom doorframe of described emergency exits, escape one end of plate of the other end and second of the first escape plate is hinged, and escape one end of plate of described second other end and the 3rd of escaping plate is hinged

The described first escape end face of plate and the junction of bottom surface offer the first slot to make way, a described second escape end face of plate and the junction of a bottom surface offer the second slot to make way, second escape another end face of plate and the joint of another bottom surface offer the 3rd slot to make way, the described 3rd escape end face of plate and the junction of bottom surface offer the 4th slot to make way

When described folded metal escape ramp folds, described first escape plate, second escape plate and the 3rd escape plate are parallel to each other, first slot to make way is relative with the second slot to make way, 3rd slot to make way is relative with the 4th slot to make way, escape between plate at the first escape plate and second and be provided with the second spring, one end of described second spring is fixedly mounted on the first escape plate, the other end of the second spring is pressed in the second escape plate and first and escapes on the relative surface of plate, escape between plate at the second escape plate and the 3rd and be provided with the 3rd spring, one end of described 3rd spring is fixedly mounted on the second escape plate, the other end of the 3rd spring is pressed in the 3rd escape plate and second and escapes on the relative surface of plate,

Described second escape plate is fixedly connected with steel rope, and the other end of described steel rope is fixedly connected on the doorframe of emergency exits,

After described folded metal escape ramp launches, an escape end face of plate of the end face and second of the first escape plate fits, another end face and the 3rd end face of escaping plate of described second escape plate fit, and described steel rope is stretching, makes described first escape plate and vertical plane be 50 degree of angles.

Optionally, two end faces of described second escape plate are fixed with rubber buffer buffer layer, after described folded metal escape ramp launches, the end face of described first escape plate contacts with described rubber buffer buffer layer, and the end face of the 3rd escape plate also contacts with rubber buffer buffer layer.

Optionally, the car door place in described compartment is provided with automatic springboard, the lower end of described automatic springboard is hinged on bottom the doorframe of car door, the upper end of described automatic springboard is connected with door frame by hydraulic actuating cylinder, the cylinder body of described hydraulic actuating cylinder is hinged on door frame, and the piston rod outer end of hydraulic actuating cylinder is hinged on the upper end of automatic springboard.

Optionally, the brake gear of described electric bus adopts plate disc brake.

Optionally, the inner side of two support side plate in described compartment and bottom, chassis are fixedly equipped with foamed aluminium layer.

Optionally, the inner side of two support side plate in described compartment is installed with crash barrier respectively.

Optionally, the rear of described electric bus is provided with infrared ray altimeter and LED acoustic-optic alarm, infrared ray altimeter is electrically connected with LED acoustic-optic alarm, when infrared ray altimeter detects the height of other vehicles at the rear of electric bus higher than described traveling space, described LED acoustic-optic alarm sends lane change alert signal.

Optionally, two support side plate in described compartment offer observation window.

Optionally, the roof in described compartment and sidewall adopt magnesium alloy materials to make, and the chassis upper in compartment is equipped with foamed aluminium material, and the outer wall in described compartment is provided with carbon fiber layer.

The utility model has following beneficial effect: the traveling space of native system by being formed on two support side plate of electric bus, the chassis in compartment and road surface, can while electric bus passenger-carrying, other automobiles that road surface freely travels freely are travelled in traveling space, make use of the space above road fully, meet the demand of Public Traveling, can effectively alleviate or problem that transport solution is crowded.Because electric bus deadweight is larger, its power-supply system is used to be difficult to meet the need for electricity of electric bus power system when starting, therefore, the power-supply system that native system utilizes overhead station to be electric bus is charged, when overhead station is left in electric bus startup, charging unit is directly powered for power system, when normally travelling after electric bus leaves overhead station, power-supply system is that power system is powered, thus ensures the normal operation of electric bus.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is a kind of block diagram utilizing the electric bus of the clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system of road superjacent air space of the utility model;

Fig. 2 is a kind of birds-eye view utilizing the electric bus of the clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system of road superjacent air space of the utility model;

Fig. 3 is a kind of front view utilizing the electric bus of the clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system of road superjacent air space of the utility model;

Fig. 4 is a kind of left view utilizing the electric bus of the clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system of road superjacent air space of the utility model;

Fig. 5 is a kind of block diagram (more piece compartment) utilizing the electric bus of the clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system of road superjacent air space of the utility model;

Fig. 6 is a kind of block diagram utilizing the strip conductor of the clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system of road superjacent air space of the utility model;

Fig. 7 is a kind of right elevation utilizing the strip conductor of the clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system of road superjacent air space of the utility model;

Fig. 8 is a kind of charging electrode of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system and block diagram of charging pile utilizing road superjacent air space of the utility model;

Fig. 9 is a kind of charging electrode of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system and front view of charging pile utilizing road superjacent air space of the utility model;

Figure 10 is a kind of block diagram (folded state) utilizing the folded metal escape ramp of the clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system of road superjacent air space of the utility model;

Figure 11 is a kind of front view (folded state) utilizing the folded metal escape ramp of the clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system of road superjacent air space of the utility model;

Figure 12 is the left view of Figure 10;

Figure 13 is the birds-eye view of Figure 10;

Figure 14 is a kind of block diagram (deployed condition) utilizing the folded metal escape ramp of the clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system of road superjacent air space of the utility model;

Figure 15 is a kind of front view (deployed condition) utilizing the folded metal escape ramp of the clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system of road superjacent air space of the utility model;

In figure, mark is illustrated as: 10-compartment; 11-support side plate; 12-wheel; 13-travels space; 14-observation window; 15-car door; 16-vehicle window; 17-emergency exits; 20-narrow passage; 30-strip conductor; 31-spigot surface; 32-charging pile; 33-hinged seat; 34-charging electrode; 35-first spring; 36-cushion rubber; 40-overhead station; 50-first escapes plate; 51-second escapes plate; 52-the 3rd escapes plate; 53-first connects connecting rod; 54-second connects connecting rod; 55-first slot to make way; 56-second slot to make way; 57-the 3rd slot to make way; 58-the 4th slot to make way; 59-steel rope joint pin; 60-steel rope; 61-second spring; 62-the 3rd spring.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing, the technical solution of the utility model is further elaborated.

Embodiment

Present embodiments provide a kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system utilizing road superjacent air space, comprise electric bus and overhead station.Overhead station is arranged on roadside, and be arranged in parallel with electric bus (Ji Yu highway or rail be arranged in parallel).Interval 2 to 3 km between two overhead stations.Overhead station is semi-closed structure, and above its ceiling, solar panel is equipped with in side, thus the illumination that solar power can be utilized to be station and advertising lamp box provide electric power.The platform height of overhead station is consistent with the chassis height of electric bus, and after electric bus stops overhead station, passenger can climb up the platform of overhead station by the stair of overhead station, then enter electric bus by overhead station.

Electric bus in native system comprises at least one joint compartment.As Figure 1-4, the profile of electric bus is similar to walking gauntry crane structure, and the lower surface both sides, chassis of the car bottom of the electric bus in the present embodiment are all installed with a support side plate 11, and the bottom of support side plate 11 is provided with wheel 12.Two support side plate 11, the chassis in compartment and the traveling spaces 13 of road surface formation, other automobiles (as small passenger car, truck etc.) can travel in traveling space 13.Concrete, the height of carriage chassis is higher than the height of other automobiles, and the width between two support side plate 11 can be designed to be greater than the width of an automobile according to demand and be greater than the width two kinds of two automobiles side by side, crosses over a track and two tracks respectively.

As shown in Figure 5, in order to reduce turn radius, electric bus is in series by three joint compartments 10, is connected between two adjacent joint compartments 10 by narrow passage 20.Compartment 10 is saved at the two ends of narrow passage 20 respectively end with two is hinged, narrow passage 20 is communicated with two joint compartments 10, in the present embodiment, the width of narrow passage 20 is less than the width in compartment 10, narrow passage 20 and junction, compartment are by oblique line transition, leaving larger motion surplus to compartment outer rim when turning, turning to convenient to make electric bus.In the utility model, steering swivel system adopts Integral Power Turning System, thus improves the safety and reliability of electric bus manipulation.

In order to alleviate the deadweight of electric bus, economize energy, car body adopts a large amount of light material to make.In the present embodiment, main load-supporting part adopts steel to make, and the roof in compartment and sidewall adopt magnesium alloy materials to make, and the parts such as instrument carrier panel and seat frame also adopt magnesium alloy to make.The chassis upper in compartment is equipped with the foamed aluminium material of high-strength damping, and the outer wall in compartment is provided with carbon fiber layer, and namely the shell in compartment adopts carbon fibre material to make.

In the present embodiment, inner side and the bottom, chassis of two support side plate 11 in compartment are fixedly equipped with foamed aluminium layer, because foamed aluminium has excellent energy-absorbing damping effect, thus impact endurance test shock that the vehicle that passes through at a high speed below causes electric bus and influence of noise can be reduced.

In order to improve the safety of electric bus, crash barrier is installed with respectively in the inner side of two support side plate 11 in compartment, crash barrier often save leave certain size in two ends, compartment place surplus to make turn inside diameter smooth, namely the two ends of crash barrier have spacing with between the two ends in corresponding compartment.Crash barrier is set, the harm produced when other vehicles clash into electric bus can be reduced when not affecting electric bus and turning to and travel with other vehicles.Crash barrier adopts magnesium alloy to make, and can reduce the deadweight of vehicle while providing protective capacities.

In order to prevent Overheight Vehicles to the shock of Electric Transit chassis, at the rear of electric bus, infrared ray altimeter and LED acoustic-optic alarm are installed in the present embodiment, infrared ray altimeter is electrically connected with LED acoustic-optic alarm, when infrared ray altimeter detects that other vehicles at the rear of electric bus are higher than when travelling the height in space, LED acoustic-optic alarm sends lane change alert signal, warns the vehicle such as lorry higher than this chassis to shift to an earlier date lane change in advance.

Sight equation is not accommodated in order to the miniature car driver that reduces to pass through under the traveling space of electric bus, two support side plate 11 in the compartment of electric bus offering observation window 14, can the driver of miniature car be enable when not affecting support strength to see the object of reference of stationary road-side clearly as far as possible.

In the present embodiment, electric bus can travel on rail, also can travel on highway pavement.The wheel of electric bus can adopt the steel wheel contacting with rail and coordinate, and also can adopt the common vehicle wheel contacting the load capacity coordinated with highway pavement, be made up of rubber and metal wheel hub.

The road that the utility model clean energy resource public transit system uses can be recessed to form downwards groove for the road surface between two rails, and the bottom surface of groove forms the road surface of other running cars.Adopt this structure, the height of support side plate can be reduced, improve the stability of electric bus, can avoid that the automobilist's travelled below electric bus do not accommodate sight equation simultaneously.

The often joint compartment of electric bus is provided with power system and power-supply system, power-supply system comprises super capacitor, power-supply system is that power system is powered, power system can drive vehicle wheel rotation, the present embodiment medium power system comprises wheel hub magneto-electric machine, the rotor of wheel hub magneto-electric machine is fixedly connected with wheel nave, and the stator of wheel hub magneto-electric machine is fixedly connected in support side plate.Wheel hub motor can adopt inner-rotor type wheel hub motor, can obtain higher energy density, and Brake energy recovery also can realize easily simultaneously.

Overhead station is provided with charging unit, charging unit switches power supply between power-supply system and power system, when electric bus stop or through overhead station, charging unit charges to power-supply system, when overhead station is left in electric bus startup, charging unit is directly powered for power system, when electric bus leave normally travel after overhead station time, power-supply system is that power system is powered.By when electric bus starts by charging unit directly for power system provides instantaneous rush current, larger power can be provided for power system, be convenient to the startup of electric bus, reduce the damaging impact to power-supply system simultaneously, save the electricity of power-supply system.

Consider that between overhead station, likely distance is comparatively large, power-supply system also comprises storage battery, and storage battery and super capacitor are connected in parallel, thus improves the duration performance of electric bus.The preferred hydrogen cell of storage battery in the present embodiment.

In the present embodiment, power-supply system also comprises charging control unit and control of discharge unit.Charging control unit is for controlling charging unit to storage battery and super capacitor charging.Control of discharge unit is used for controlling in discharge process, and the preferential electric energy that stores in super capacitor of using is powered for power system, and when in super capacitor, electricity reaches lower limit, super capacitor is stopped power supply, and storage battery is that power system is powered.

In order to conserve energy, in the present embodiment, electric bus is also provided with brake energy recovering system, and brake energy recovering system comprises energy conversion device, and the kinetic energy that compartment discharges in braking or coast can be converted to electric energy by energy conversion device.Wherein energy conversion device can adopt disclosed in the patent of invention of publication number CN103419763A or CN103496325A and brake or braking energy transfer device.

Charging control unit can control in use energy conversion device process of charging; the charging current of storage battery is made to be limited under rated value; to protect to greatest extent in the process of charging of storage battery when Brake energy recovery by the impact of big current; when the electric current that energy conversion device is transformed out is greater than the limit value of storage battery, excessive electric current is absorbed by super capacitor.By brake energy recovering system by Brake energy recovery, for the traveling after electric bus.

In the present embodiment, the brake gear of electric bus adopts plate disc brake, and plate disc brake has brakes thermal stability preferably.Plate disc brake is hydraulic drg, primarily of compositions such as brake disc, wheel cylinder, brake clamp and oil pipes.Plate disc brake rapid heat dissipation, lightweight, simple structure, easy to adjust, particularly when high capacity, resistance to elevated temperatures is good, and braking effect is stablized, and is not afraid of the invasion and attack of muddy water.

As shown in Figure 6, Figure 7, charging unit comprises two horizontally disposed strip conductors, 30, two strip conductors 30 and is fixedly mounted on the sidewall of overhead station 40, and two strip conductors 30 are setting up and down, and two strip conductors 30 are connected with external power supply.At all downward-sloping formation spigot surface 31 in the two ends of every root strip conductor 30.

As shown in Figure 8, Figure 9, the support side plate often saving compartment is installed with two charging piles 32 setting up and down, every rear end of root charging pile 32 is connected with the power-supply system of electric bus, the front end of every root charging pile 32 is all hinged with charging electrode 34 by hinged seat 33, being provided with the first spring 35, first spring 35 between charging electrode 34 and charging pile 32 is extension spring.The lower end of the first spring 35 is fixedly connected on the front end of charging pile 32, and the upper end of the first spring 35 is fixedly connected on charging electrode 34, and hinged seat 33 is between the first spring and support side plate.

When electric bus enters overhead station, the front end being positioned at the charging electrode of upside first with the guide face contacts of strip conductor being positioned at upside, then press down on the upper surface of the strip conductor being positioned at upside in the pulling force effect of the first spring, the front end being positioned at the charging electrode of downside first with the guide face contacts of strip conductor being positioned at downside, then press down on the upper surface of the strip conductor being positioned at downside in the pulling force effect of the first spring, article two, charging electrode forms loop, when vehicle launch to when thoroughly leaving station by charging pile supply of electrical energy.

In order to reduce the vibration that charging electrode 34 produces when departing from strip conductor, be also installed with cushion rubber 36 in the front end of charging pile 32, cushion rubber 36 is between hinged seat 33 and the first spring 35.By arranging cushion rubber 36, spacing effect can also be played.The first spring 35 in the present embodiment can adopt insulated spring, and cushion rubber 36 can adopt electro-insulating rubber.

Electrically conducting manner wherein between charging pile 32 and charging electrode 34 also can for arrange wire in charging pile 32 and charging electrode 34, at charging electrode 34 and strip conductor contact position, conductive contact is installed, by conductive contact and wire by the delivery of electrical energy of strip conductor in the power-supply system of electric bus.

As shown in Figure 1, the compartment of electric bus offers car door 15 and vehicle window 16, car door 15 place in compartment in the present embodiment is provided with automatic springboard, the lower end of automatic springboard is hinged on bottom the doorframe of car door, the upper end of automatic springboard is connected with door frame by hydraulic actuating cylinder, the cylinder body of hydraulic actuating cylinder is hinged on door frame, and the piston rod outer end of hydraulic actuating cylinder is hinged on the upper end of automatic springboard.In the present embodiment, the quantity of hydraulic actuating cylinder is two, and two hydraulic actuating cylinders lay respectively at the both sides of automatic springboard.By arranging automatic springboard, when electric bus pulls in parking, the moment automatic springboard of car door opening is taken on platform along its jointed shaft 90-degree rotation, become across the pedal between electric bus and platform, passenger loading or when getting off, automatic springboard can be trampled, avoid passenger fall into the gap between compartment and overhead station platform and cause danger.When by closed door, automatic springboard is prior to car door return.

There are the unexpected incidents such as fire in the process of moving to tackle vehicle, reduce personal casualty, the sidewall of the both sides, compartment of the utility model electric bus offers emergency exits 17, emergency exits 17 are provided with folded metal escape ramp, when electric bus normally travels, folded metal escape ramp closes emergency exits 17.

As shown in Figure 10,11,12,13, in the present embodiment, folded metal escape ramp comprises the first escape plate 50, second escape plate 51 and the 3rd escape plate 52, the lower end of the first escape plate 50 is hinged on the bottom doorframe of emergency exits, escaping in the upper end and second of the first escape plate 50, to be connected connecting rod 53 by bearing pin and first hinged for the upper end of plate 51, escaping in the lower end and the 3rd of the second escape plate 51, to be connected connecting rod 54 by bearing pin and second hinged for the lower end of plate 52, and wherein the first connection connecting rod 53 is three with the second quantity being connected connecting rod 54.

The first slot to make way 55 is offered in the first escape upper surface of plate 50 and the junction of bottom surface, the second escape upper surface of plate 51 and the junction of a bottom surface offer the second slot to make way 56, the second escape lower surface of plate 51 and the joint of another bottom surface offer the 3rd slot to make way the 57, three escape lower surface of plate 52 and the junction of bottom surface offers the 4th slot to make way 58.

When folded metal escape ramp folds, first escape plate 50, second escape plate 51 and the 3rd escape plate 52 are parallel to each other, first slot to make way 55 is relative with the second slot to make way 56, 3rd slot to make way 57 is relative with the 4th slot to make way 58, escape between plate 51 at the first escape plate 50 and second and be provided with the second spring 61, one end of second spring 61 is fixedly mounted on the first escape plate 50, the other end of the second spring 61 is pressed in the second escape plate 51 and first and escapes on the relative surface of plate 50, escape between plate 52 at the second escape plate 51 and the 3rd and be provided with the 3rd spring 62, one end of 3rd spring 62 is fixedly mounted on the second escape plate 51, the other end of the 3rd spring 62 is pressed in the 3rd escape plate 52 and second and escapes on the relative surface of plate 51.

In the present embodiment, the width of the first escape plate 50 is greater than the width of the second escape plate 51, and the width of the first escape plate 50 is greater than the width of the 3rd escape plate 52.Be installed with steel rope joint pin 59 in the both sides of the second escape plate 51, the second escape plate 51 is fixedly connected with steel rope by steel rope joint pin 59, and the quantity of steel rope is two, and the other end of steel rope is fixedly connected on the doorframe of emergency exits.

After folded metal escape ramp launches, as shown in Figure 14, Figure 15, an escape end face of plate 51 of the end face and second of the first escape plate 50 fits, another end face and the 3rd end face of escaping plate 52 of the second escape plate 51 fit, steel rope 60 is stretching, make the first escape plate 50 be 50 degree of angles with vertical plane, passenger can slide into rapidly ground and flee the scene.

By arranging first, second, third and fourth slot to make way in the utility model, interfere when folded metal escape ramp can be avoided to launch.By arranging the second spring 61 and the 3rd spring 62 can make folded metal escape ramp launch rapidly.

In the present embodiment, two end faces up and down of the second escape plate 51 are fixed with rubber buffer buffer layer, after described folded metal escape ramp launches, the end face of the first escape plate 50 contacts with described rubber buffer buffer layer, and the end face of the 3rd escape plate 52 also contacts with rubber buffer buffer layer.By arranging rubber buffer buffer layer, folded metal escape ramp impact endurance test shock upon deployment can be reduced.

The electric bus of the utility model clean energy resource public transit system can rest against nearest station nearby when night stops transport, and neither takies traveling lane, also eliminates the cost setting up restricted parking area simultaneously.

Last it is noted that above embodiment is only in order to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model, be not intended to limit; Although be described in detail the utility model with reference to previous embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that: it still can be modified to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or carries out equivalent replacement to wherein portion of techniques feature; And these amendments or replacement, do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from the spirit and scope of each embodiment technical scheme of the utility model.

Claims (17)

1. utilize a clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system for road superjacent air space, comprise electric bus and overhead station, it is characterized in that,
Described electric bus comprises at least one joint compartment, and the lower surface both sides, chassis often saving described compartment are all installed with support side plate, and the bottom of described support side plate is provided with wheel, is formed and travel space between the chassis and road surface in two support side plate, compartment,
Often save described compartment and be provided with power system and power-supply system, described power-supply system comprises super capacitor, and power-supply system is that power system is powered, and described power system can drive vehicle wheel rotation,
Described overhead station is provided with charging unit, and described charging unit switches power supply between power-supply system and power system,
Described charging unit comprises two horizontally disposed strip conductors, article two, described strip conductor is fixedly mounted on the sidewall of overhead station, article two, strip conductor is setting up and down, the all downward-sloping formation spigot surface in the two ends of strip conductor described in every root, the support side plate often saving described compartment is installed with two charging piles setting up and down, described in every root, the rear end of charging pile is connected with power-supply system, described in every root, the front end of charging pile is all hinged with charging electrode by hinged seat, the first spring is provided with between charging electrode and charging pile, the lower end of described first spring is fixedly connected on the front end of charging pile, the upper end of the first spring is fixedly connected on charging electrode, described hinged seat is between the first spring and support side plate, when electric bus enters overhead station, the front end being positioned at the charging electrode of upside first with the guide face contacts of strip conductor being positioned at upside, then press down on the upper surface of the strip conductor being positioned at upside in the elastic force effect of the first spring, the front end being positioned at the charging electrode of downside first with the guide face contacts of strip conductor being positioned at downside, then press down on the upper surface of the strip conductor being positioned at downside in the elastic force effect of the first spring.
2. a kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system utilizing road superjacent air space according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described power-supply system also comprises storage battery, and described storage battery and super capacitor are connected in parallel.
3. a kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system utilizing road superjacent air space according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described power-supply system also comprises charging control unit and control of discharge unit,
Described charging control unit, for controlling charging unit to described storage battery and the charging of described super capacitor,
Described control of discharge unit, for controlling in discharge process, the preferential electric energy that stores in described super capacitor of using is powered, when in described super capacitor, electricity reaches lower limit for power system, described super capacitor is stopped power supply, and described storage battery is that power system is powered.
4. a kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system utilizing road superjacent air space according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, also comprise brake energy recovering system, described brake energy recovering system comprises energy conversion device, kinetic energy for being discharged in braking or coast in compartment is converted to electric energy
Described charging control unit; can control in use energy conversion device process of charging; the charging current of described storage battery is made to be limited under rated value; to protect to greatest extent in the process of charging of described storage battery when Brake energy recovery by the impact of big current; when the electric current that described energy conversion device is transformed out is greater than the limit value of storage battery, excessive electric current is absorbed by described super capacitor.
5. a kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system utilizing road superjacent air space according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described electric bus travels on rail or highway pavement, and the wheel of electric bus contacts with rail or highway pavement.
6. a kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system utilizing road superjacent air space according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, the road surface between two described rails is recessed to form groove downwards, and the bottom surface of described groove forms the road surface of other running cars.
7. a kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system utilizing road superjacent air space according to any one of claim 1-6, it is characterized in that, described electric bus is in series by least two joint compartments, be communicated with by narrow passage between described two joint compartments, compartment is saved at the two ends of described narrow passage respectively end with two is hinged, and the width of narrow passage is less than the width in described compartment.
8. a kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system utilizing road superjacent air space according to any one of claim 1-6, it is characterized in that, described power system comprises wheel hub magneto-electric machine, and the rotor of described wheel hub magneto-electric machine is fixedly connected with the wheel hub of described wheel, for driving vehicle wheel rotation.
9. a kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system utilizing road superjacent air space according to any one of claim 1-6, it is characterized in that, the sidewall in described compartment offers emergency exits, described emergency exits are provided with folded metal escape ramp, described folded metal escape ramp comprises the first escape plate, second escape plate and the 3rd escape plate, one end of described first escape plate is hinged on the bottom doorframe of described emergency exits, escape one end of plate of the other end and second of the first escape plate is hinged, escape one end of plate of the other end and the 3rd of described second escape plate is hinged,
The described first escape end face of plate and the junction of bottom surface offer the first slot to make way, a described second escape end face of plate and the junction of a bottom surface offer the second slot to make way, second escape another end face of plate and the joint of another bottom surface offer the 3rd slot to make way, the described 3rd escape end face of plate and the junction of bottom surface offer the 4th slot to make way
When described folded metal escape ramp folds, described first escape plate, second escape plate and the 3rd escape plate are parallel to each other, first slot to make way is relative with the second slot to make way, 3rd slot to make way is relative with the 4th slot to make way, escape between plate at the first escape plate and second and be provided with the second spring, one end of described second spring is fixedly mounted on the first escape plate, the other end of the second spring is pressed in the second escape plate and first and escapes on the relative surface of plate, escape between plate at the second escape plate and the 3rd and be provided with the 3rd spring, one end of described 3rd spring is fixedly mounted on the second escape plate, the other end of the 3rd spring is pressed in the 3rd escape plate and second and escapes on the relative surface of plate,
Described second escape plate is fixedly connected with steel rope, and the other end of described steel rope is fixedly connected on the doorframe of emergency exits,
After described folded metal escape ramp launches, an escape end face of plate of the end face and second of the first escape plate fits, another end face and the 3rd end face of escaping plate of described second escape plate fit, and described steel rope is stretching, makes described first escape plate and vertical plane be 50 degree of angles.
10. a kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system utilizing road superjacent air space according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, two end faces of described second escape plate are fixed with rubber buffer buffer layer, after described folded metal escape ramp launches, the end face of described first escape plate contacts with described rubber buffer buffer layer, and the end face of the 3rd escape plate also contacts with described rubber buffer buffer layer.
11. a kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit systems utilizing road superjacent air space according to claim 10, it is characterized in that, the car door place in described compartment is provided with automatic springboard, the lower end of described automatic springboard is hinged on bottom the doorframe of car door, the upper end of described automatic springboard is connected with door frame by hydraulic actuating cylinder, the cylinder body of described hydraulic actuating cylinder is hinged on door frame, and the piston rod outer end of hydraulic actuating cylinder is hinged on the upper end of automatic springboard.
12. a kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit systems utilizing road superjacent air space according to claim 11, is characterized in that, the brake gear of described electric bus adopts plate disc brake.
13. a kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit systems utilizing road superjacent air space according to claim 12, it is characterized in that, inner side and the bottom, chassis of two support side plate in described compartment are fixedly equipped with foamed aluminium layer.
14. a kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit systems utilizing road superjacent air space according to claim 13, it is characterized in that, the inner side of two support side plate in described compartment is installed with crash barrier respectively.
15. a kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit systems utilizing road superjacent air space according to claim 14, it is characterized in that, the rear of described electric bus is provided with infrared ray altimeter and LED acoustic-optic alarm, infrared ray altimeter is electrically connected with LED acoustic-optic alarm, when infrared ray altimeter detects the height of other vehicles at the rear of electric bus higher than described traveling space, described LED acoustic-optic alarm sends lane change alert signal.
16. a kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit systems utilizing road superjacent air space according to claim 15, is characterized in that, two support side plate in described compartment offer observation window.
17. a kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit systems utilizing road superjacent air space according to claim 16, it is characterized in that, the roof in described compartment and sidewall adopt magnesium alloy materials to make, and the chassis upper in compartment is equipped with foamed aluminium material, and the outer wall in described compartment is provided with carbon fiber layer.
CN201420859796.1U 2014-12-30 2014-12-30 A kind of clean energy resource Large Copacity public transit system utilizing road superjacent air space CN204197081U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105620559A (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-06-01 王赫奕 Bus body of air bus and method for designing bus body
CN106043332A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-10-26 邹燕燕 Tramcar system
CN104975747B (en) * 2015-07-28 2017-06-09 张宝宇 The public transport of ecological solid and its crossroad multilayer platform

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104975747B (en) * 2015-07-28 2017-06-09 张宝宇 The public transport of ecological solid and its crossroad multilayer platform
CN105620559A (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-06-01 王赫奕 Bus body of air bus and method for designing bus body
CN106043332A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-10-26 邹燕燕 Tramcar system

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