CN204180007U - The power supply of solar electric vehicle - Google Patents

The power supply of solar electric vehicle Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN204180007U
CN204180007U CN201420693387.9U CN201420693387U CN204180007U CN 204180007 U CN204180007 U CN 204180007U CN 201420693387 U CN201420693387 U CN 201420693387U CN 204180007 U CN204180007 U CN 204180007U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
circuit
resistance
voltage
electric
control circuit
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420693387.9U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘六
侯承志
Original Assignee
刘六
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 刘六 filed Critical 刘六
Priority to CN201420693387.9U priority Critical patent/CN204180007U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204180007U publication Critical patent/CN204180007U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors

Abstract

A kind of power supply of solar electric vehicle, it is made up of ultra-thin and ultra-light high performance solar panels, control circuit, bank of super capacitors, control circuit comprises 24V voltage stabilizing circuit, voltage sampling comparison circuit, executive circuit, display circuit, solar panel is through wire connection control circuit input end, electric current is divided into two-way by control circuit, electric current is given bank of super capacitors by the normally-closed contact of executive circuit repeat circuit J1 of leading up to, and 24V voltage stabilizing circuit of separately leading up to provides 24V DC power supply to control circuit.The utility model adopts strong magnetic to be drawn onto by solar panel on roof, does not damage roof surface, does not need punching to install; Control circuit is simple, and easily install, cost is low; Electrical source of power adopts ultracapacitor as electrical source of power, reduces own wt and volume, adds payload; Do not need the conversion of form of energy during discharge and recharge, improve utilization rate of electrical, make utilization rate of electrical reach more than 90%.

Description

The power supply of solar electric vehicle
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of car, scooter, tricycle, the cart power supply that are power supply or accessory power supply with solar energy, storage battery.
Background technology
Along with expanding economy, living standards of the people improve constantly, and be that the family-sized car of the energy, scooter, tricycle and cart are connected into average family in a large number, cause power consumption sharply to increase with electricity, and electricity charge spending increases.Owing to adopting lead-acid battery as power source, cause environmental pollution.Be the electric motor car of power supply to cut down expenses and polluting that someone devises with solar energy.
But also do not occur with solar energy being at present the motor vehicle of power supply on the market, only have indivedual researcher to make design or minute quantity sample car.But owing to adopting, the generating efficiency of solar cell is low, power is little, and not only thick but also heavy, can only use, DeGrain, affect popularization greatly as accessory power supply.As the patent No. is: ZL200620119618.0, the solar electric vehicle of notification number: CN2928579Y." a kind of solar electric vehicle, solar panel is placed in roof, and wire 1, wire 2 are connected with controller.Along separate routes, a road is connected with storage battery the wire 3 that controller exports, and another road is connected with electric motor vehicle circuit; Controller draws wire 4 along separate routes, and a road is connected with storage battery, and another road is connected with electric motor vehicle circuit; Storage battery transforms charger by external electric supply socket with 220V and is connected.220V transforms charger an attaching plug." according to above-mentioned abridgement of patents: above-mentioned solar electric vehicle adopts two group storage batteries, because the volume and weight of storage battery own is too large, thus causes Light-duty Vehicle or tricycle deadweight is too large, payload reduces, and row drives mileage to be reduced.Because storage battery is chemical cell, its internal work material is heavy metal lead and sulfuric acid composition, can cause heavy metal pollution to environment; When charging, electric energy converts chemical energy to, and during electric discharge, chemical energy converts electric energy to.In the transfer process that this twice must complete, make energy loss more than 50%.As can be seen from Figure of description: when electric motor car normally travels, solar cell can not directly to electric motor vehicle circuit supply, and needed for electric motor car motor-car circuit, electric energy still provides for storing pond.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is for currently available technology Problems existing, designs a kind of power supply of solar electric vehicle, thus overcomes electric vehicle power sources Problems existing in prior art.
Realizing the technical scheme that the utility model object takes is: it is by flexible ultra-thin and ultra-light high performance solar panels, control circuit, bank of super capacitors, energy recovery circuit for electric and external quick charge mouth composition, control circuit comprises 24v voltage stabilizing circuit, voltage sampling comparison circuit, executive circuit, display circuit, solar panel is through wire connection control circuit input end, electric current is divided into two-way by control circuit, electric current is given bank of super capacitors by the normally-closed contact of executive circuit repeat circuit J1 of leading up to, 24V voltage stabilizing circuit of separately leading up to provides 24V DC power supply to control circuit, form precise voltage benchmark potential circuit by 2 pin of resistance R3, diode D1, operational amplifier IC2, form voltage compare sample circuit by 3 pin of resistance R2, resistance R4, capacitor C4, operational amplifier IC2, when the resistance R2 in voltage compare sample circuit takes out voltage higher than reference voltage 0.1V by wire from the positive pole of bank of super capacitors, 1 pin of operational amplifier IC2 exports high level, and the base stage of triode BG1 in executive circuit is given by diode D2, resistance R5, resistance R6, triode BG1 conducting, the normally opened contact adhesive of executive circuit repeat circuit J1, cuts off the power supply of bank of super capacitors, when the resistance R2 in voltage compare sample circuit takes out voltage lower than reference voltage 0.1V by wire from the positive pole of bank of super capacitors, the 1 pin output low level of operational amplifier IC2, and the base stage of triode BG1 in executive circuit is given by diode D2, resistance R5, resistance R6, triode BG1 ends, the normally-closed contact adhesive of executive circuit relay J 1, directly gives drive system of electric automobile by electric energy.
Connect a full-bridge energy recovery circuit for electric at the both positive and negative polarity of bank of super capacitors, input connects electric motor car permanent magnet motor current input terminal by relay J 2.
A full-bridge energy recovery circuit for electric input external quick charge mouth in parallel.
Good effect of the present utility model is: adopt strong magnetic to be drawn onto by solar panel on roof, do not damage roof surface, do not need punching to install; Control circuit is simple, and easily install, cost is low; Electrical source of power does not adopt storage battery and adopts ultracapacitor as electrical source of power, reduces own wt and volume, adds payload; Do not need the conversion of form of energy during discharge and recharge, improve utilization rate of electrical, make utilization rate of electrical reach more than 90%; Energy recovery circuit for electric, car drive motor when sliding can be made to send electricity send back to ultracapacitor by energy recovery circuit for electric and store away, decrease waste of energy, thus save electric cost expenditure, extend the life-span, decreasing pollution, electric motor car cost of use can be reduced to original 10%-5%.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is the utility model electrical schematic diagram.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, it is made up of flexible ultra-thin and ultra-light high performance solar panels 1, control circuit and bank of super capacitors 5, solar panel 1 is flexible, only 3mm is thick, 0.5kg/100w efficiency is greater than 24%, adopts strong magnetic to be drawn onto by solar panel on roof, does not damage roof surface, do not need punching to install; Owing to adopting bank of super capacitors 5 as power supply, therefore support quick charge, can be full of in 10 minutes.Control circuit comprises 24V voltage stabilizing circuit 2, voltage sampling comparison circuit 3, executive circuit 4, display circuit 8, solar panel 1 is through wire connection control circuit input end, electric current is divided into two-way by control circuit, and electric current is given bank of super capacitors 5 by the normally-closed contact 3,2 of executive circuit 4 repeat circuit J1 of leading up to, and 24v voltage stabilizing circuit 2 of separately leading up to provides 24V DC power supply to control circuit; Form precise voltage benchmark potential circuit by 2 pin of resistance R3, diode D1, operational amplifier IC2, form voltage compare sample circuit 3 by 3 pin of resistance R2, resistance R4, capacitor C4, operational amplifier IC2; When the resistance R2 in voltage compare sample circuit 3 takes out voltage higher than reference voltage 0.1V by wire from the positive pole of bank of super capacitors 5,1 pin of operational amplifier IC2 exports high level, and the base stage of triode BG1 in executive circuit 4 is given by diode D2, resistance R5, resistance R6, triode BG1 conducting, normally opened contact 3,1 adhesive of executive circuit 4 repeat circuit J1, cuts off the power supply of bank of super capacitors 5; When the resistance R2 in voltage compare sample circuit 3 takes out voltage lower than reference voltage 0.1v by wire from the positive pole of bank of super capacitors 5, the 1 pin output low level of operational amplifier IC2, and the base stage of triode BG1 in executive circuit 4 is given by diode D2, resistance R5, resistance R6, triode BG1 ends, normally-closed contact 3,2 adhesive of executive circuit 4 repeat circuit J1, directly gives drive system of electric automobile by electric energy.Connect a full-bridge energy recovery circuit for electric 6 at the both positive and negative polarity of superbattery group 5, input connects electric motor car permanent magnet motor current input terminal by relay J 2.Another routing capacitor of full-bridge energy recovery circuit for electric 6 input C5, capacitor C6 connect external quick charge mouth 7, and external quick charge mouth 7 can directly access 220V AC power by capacitor C5, capacitor C6.
Operation principle of the present utility model is: as shown in Figure 1, forms 24V voltage stabilizing circuit 2 by resistance R1, circuit of three-terminal voltage-stabilizing integrated IC1, capacitor C1, capacitor C2, electric heater C3, voltage compare sample circuit 3 is formed by 3 pin of resistance R2, resistance R4, capacitor C4, IC2, resistance R5, resistance R6, triode BG1, relay J 1, diode D3 form executive circuit, resistance R7, resistance R8, diode D4, diode D5 form display circuit 8, relay J 2, diode D7, diode D8, diode D9, diode D10 form energy recovery circuit for electric 6, capacitor C5, capacitor C6 form external quick charge mouth 7, solar panel 1 enters control circuit input by the electric current that wire is sent here, electric current is divided into two-way by control circuit, electric current is given bank of super capacitors 5 by the normally-closed contact 2,3 of executive circuit 4 repeat circuit J1 of leading up to, and lights light-emitting diode D4 by resistance R7, separately leading up to capacitor C1, capacitor C2, capacitor C3, resistance R1, circuit of three-terminal voltage-stabilizing integrated IC1 provides 24V DC power supply to control circuit, by resistance R3, diode D1, 2 pin of IC2 form precise voltage benchmark potential circuit, by resistance R2, resistance R4, capacitor C4, 3 pin of IC2 form voltage compare sample circuit 3, when resistance R2 takes out voltage higher than reference voltage 0.1V by wire from the positive pole of bank of super capacitors 5, 1 pin of IC2 exports high level, and by diode D2, resistance R5, resistance R6 gives the base stage of triode BG1 in executive circuit 4, triode BG1 conducting, executive circuit repeat circuit J1 normally opened contact 1, 3 adhesives, cut off the power supply of bank of super capacitors 5, and light light-emitting diode D5 by resistance R8, extinguish light-emitting diode D4 simultaneously.When the vehicle is running, cause bank of super capacitors 5 both end voltage to decline because drive system of electric automobile needs big current, when resistance R2 takes out voltage lower than reference voltage 0.1V by wire from the positive pole of bank of super capacitors 5, the 1 pin output low level of IC2, and by diode D2, resistance R5, resistance R6 gives the base stage of triode BG1 in executive circuit 4, triode BG1 ends, the normally-closed contact 2 of executive circuit 4 repeat circuit J1, 3 adhesives, directly drive system of electric automobile is given by electric energy, thus reach the object that solar panel 1 powers directly to drive system of electric automobile.Full-bridge energy recovery circuit for electric 6 is formed by relay J 2, diode D7, diode D8, diode D9, diode D10, input connects electric motor car permanent magnet motor current input terminal by relay J 2, because could by permanent magnet motor electric current input full-bridge energy recovery circuit for electric 6 when relay J 2 ensures only have vehicle descending or slide, another termination bank of super capacitors 5 positive and negative electrode of full-bridge energy recovery circuit for electric 6.Full-bridge energy recovery circuit for electric 6 is that one-way conduction is permanent in input circuit, and bank of super capacitors 5 is not powered to permanent magnet motor by this circuit; External quick charge mouth 7 only just uses when urgent need or under continuous overcast sky.

Claims (3)

1. the power supply of a solar electric vehicle, it is characterized in that: it is by flexible ultra-thin and ultra-light high performance solar panels, control circuit, bank of super capacitors, energy recovery circuit for electric and external quick charge mouth composition, control circuit comprises 24V voltage stabilizing circuit, voltage sampling comparison circuit, executive circuit, display circuit, solar panel is through wire connection control circuit input end, electric current is divided into two-way by control circuit, electric current is given bank of super capacitors by the normally-closed contact of executive circuit repeat circuit J1 of leading up to, 24V voltage stabilizing circuit of separately leading up to provides 24V DC power supply to control circuit, form precise voltage benchmark potential circuit by 2 pin of resistance R3, diode D1, operational amplifier IC2, form voltage compare sample circuit by 3 pin of resistance R2, resistance R4, capacitor C4, operational amplifier IC2, when the resistance R2 in voltage compare sample circuit takes out voltage higher than reference voltage 0.1V by wire from the positive pole of bank of super capacitors, 1 pin of operational amplifier IC2 exports high level, and the base stage of triode BG1 in executive circuit is given by diode D2, resistance R5, resistance R6, triode BG1 conducting, the normally opened contact adhesive of executive circuit repeat circuit J1, cuts off the power supply of bank of super capacitors, when the resistance R2 in voltage compare sample circuit takes out voltage lower than reference voltage 0.1V by wire from the positive pole of bank of super capacitors, the 1 pin output low level of operational amplifier IC2, and the base stage of triode BG1 in executive circuit is given by diode D2, resistance R5, resistance R6, triode BG1 ends, the normally-closed contact adhesive of executive circuit relay J 1, directly gives drive system of electric automobile by electric energy.
2. the power supply of solar electric vehicle according to claim 1, is characterized in that: connect a full-bridge energy recovery circuit for electric at the both positive and negative polarity of bank of super capacitors, and input connects electric motor car permanent magnet motor current input terminal by relay J 2.
3. the power supply of solar electric vehicle according to claim 2, is characterized in that: a full-bridge energy recovery circuit for electric input external quick charge mouth in parallel.
CN201420693387.9U 2014-11-19 2014-11-19 The power supply of solar electric vehicle Expired - Fee Related CN204180007U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420693387.9U CN204180007U (en) 2014-11-19 2014-11-19 The power supply of solar electric vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420693387.9U CN204180007U (en) 2014-11-19 2014-11-19 The power supply of solar electric vehicle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204180007U true CN204180007U (en) 2015-02-25

Family

ID=52568781

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420693387.9U Expired - Fee Related CN204180007U (en) 2014-11-19 2014-11-19 The power supply of solar electric vehicle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204180007U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106476646A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-03-08 河北工业大学 Electric automobile energy managing device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106476646A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-03-08 河北工业大学 Electric automobile energy managing device
CN106476646B (en) * 2016-11-24 2018-08-31 河北工业大学 Electric automobile energy managing device

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN202691864U (en) Solar street lamp
CN203883531U (en) On-board photovoltaic charging system for electric vehicle
CN204180007U (en) The power supply of solar electric vehicle
CN202463597U (en) Electric vehicle adopting wind-solar hybrid power generation
CN105576820A (en) Automatic switching controller of electromobile emergency battery
CN203246335U (en) Electric tricycle utilizing solar energy to generate power
CN201194436Y (en) Solar energy LED road lamp controller
CN202253305U (en) LED street lamp using solar energy
CN202712956U (en) Storage battery energy storage and photovoltaic power generation hybrid system
CN203246336U (en) Solar energy-driven tricycle
CN205059296U (en) Electric sightseeing vehicle
CN104953693A (en) Efficient mobile power supply
CN202174945U (en) Solar electric car
CN201319513Y (en) Wind charger
CN2851002Y (en) Intelligent electricity-generating and reverse charger for electric vehicle
CN201733123U (en) Charging pile for solar energy and wind energy electric vehicle
CN204732944U (en) A kind of charging circuit
CN204190982U (en) A kind of Solar Street Lighting System
CN203180590U (en) Novel simple charging device with a solar PV module for charging electric vehicles
CN203199105U (en) Solar charging electro-tricycle
CN202743010U (en) Vehicle-mounted temperature control device based on solar energy
CN202857080U (en) Solar energy LED street lamp lighting system
CN201805254U (en) Solar charging device used for storage batteries of electromobiles
CN202550636U (en) Solar charging device with functions of charging and voltage balancing
CN202703300U (en) Solar photovoltaic electric car

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150225

Termination date: 20171119