CN204175233U - Desirablely bore anchor packer - Google Patents

Desirablely bore anchor packer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204175233U
CN204175233U CN201420474953.7U CN201420474953U CN204175233U CN 204175233 U CN204175233 U CN 204175233U CN 201420474953 U CN201420474953 U CN 201420474953U CN 204175233 U CN204175233 U CN 204175233U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
central tube
seat
lock dog
slips
lock
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201420474953.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
管斌
徐峰
程忱
黄进
熊力坤
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Oil Production Technology Research Institute Of Jianghan Oilfield Branch China Petroleum & Chemical Corp
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Oil Production Technology Research Institute Of Jianghan Oilfield Branch China Petroleum & Chemical Corp
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Priority to CN201420474953.7U priority Critical patent/CN204175233U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204175233U publication Critical patent/CN204175233U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses and desirablely bore anchor packer, comprise top connection, inner central tube, exterior central tube, lower contact, described releasing gadget comprises shear pin seat of giving up, described shear pin seat is connected with the upper slips seat of slip mechanism by shear pin of giving up, slip mechanism is set gradually from top to down outward at exterior central tube, packing element black box, setting mechanism, described upper deblocking releasing mechanism comprises the outward flange being arranged on inner central tube lower end, first deblocking pin, described outward flange is configured by sealing ring and exterior central tube inner wall sealing, the external diameter of described outward flange is greater than shear pin seat internal diameter of giving up, the upper slips seat of described slip mechanism is fixedly installed in top connection by the first deblocking pin.The utility model is simple to operate, rational in infrastructure, collects grappling and is sealed in one, decreasing seal in tubing string compared with conventional pipe column tools, reduce leakage possibility, and carry deblocking releasing on possessing, give up, milling function can be bored, reduce unfreezing difficulty, save engineering time and expense.

Description

Desirablely bore anchor packer
Technical field
The utility model relates to and desirablely bores anchor packer.
Background technology
Water injection well in Long-Time Service process, due to the factors such as down-hole salt crust, fouling, corrosion make that down-hole string and instrument are buried, slips and anchor fluke receive and do not return, and makes tubing string meet card.Have to employ special equipment carry out salvaging and boring milling, do not become if salvage brill milling packer, just likely cause well to scrap, bring larger economic loss.Carry out upkeep operation about 103 mouthfuls altogether to the well of the tubing string of band packer between Jianghan Oil-field year August in January, 2010 to 2011 according to statistics, wherein there is the phenomenon of unfreezing difficulty in 30 mouthfuls of wells.Have 21 mouthfuls because of cannot unfreezing and take back-off to salvage or milling, average construction period is 37 days, and average to salvage the downhole tool time be 11 days, and part well takes heavy repair task to complete, and construction period even reaches the several months long.All the other 9 mouthfuls of wells are because considering task difficulty, cost and risk and be forced to shut-in well, beat and fill in sealing or shelve operation.
In order to tackle tubing string unfreezing, packer material must must be adopted easily to bore technology.Jianghan Oil-field also should have the insertion pipe packer of four Ji Saiwa companies development, this instrument is a kind of packer boring milling, divide running string twice, give up after entering packer setting under one time, enter intubate under one time to insert in insertion pipe packer, the measure constructions such as acidifying, pressure break, high pressure water injection, water blockoff can be carried out, again extract intubate out during operation, bore mill off insertion pipe packer, this tool technique can effective card-dispelling tubular pile.But often plow tubing string and adopt brill milling, virtually add operating expenses, and drill bit also damages to sleeve pipe.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide the grappling of a kind of collection for above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art and be sealed in one, reduces the desirable of unfreezing difficulty and bores anchor packer.
The technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: desirablely bore anchor packer, it is characterized in that comprising top connection, the inner central tube be connected with top connection, be placed on the exterior central tube outside inner central tube, the lower contact be connected with exterior central tube lower end, slip mechanism, releasing gadget, packing element black box, setting mechanism, retaining mechanism and upper deblocking releasing mechanism, described releasing gadget comprises the shear pin seat of giving up be installed between the lower end of top connection and the upper end of exterior central tube, described shear pin seat is connected with the upper slips seat of slip mechanism by shear pin of giving up, slip mechanism is set gradually from top to down outward at exterior central tube, packing element black box, setting mechanism, described retaining mechanism is fixed in lower contact by the pin that sets of setting mechanism, and be connected with the lower end of setting mechanism, described upper deblocking releasing mechanism comprises the outward flange being arranged on inner central tube lower end, first deblocking pin, described outward flange is configured by sealing ring and exterior central tube inner wall sealing, the external diameter of described outward flange is greater than shear pin seat internal diameter of giving up, the relative outward flange in lower surface of shear pin seat of making to give up forms a stop shoulder, the upper slips seat of described slip mechanism is fixedly installed in top connection by the first deblocking pin.
By technique scheme, also be provided with lower deblocking releasing mechanism, described lower deblocking releasing mechanism is included in the radial lock dog hole that lower contact is arranged, the lock dog installed in lock dog hole, the garter spring being arranged on lock dog periphery and the horn mouth arranged in inner central tube lower end, the horn mouth of described inner central tube to extend in lower contact and is positioned at the below in lock dog hole, under the pretightning force effect of garter spring, make lock dog be close to inner central tube outer wall.
By technique scheme, described bell-mouthed outer rim is the outer inclined-plane fitted with lower contact, and when inner central tube is up, bell-mouthed outer inclined-plane forces lock dog to be recessed in radial lock dog hole, the outer inclined-plane of horn mouth slips over lock dog simultaneously, and lock dog ejects under garter spring effect; Bell-mouthed shirt rim is a right angle, stops by lock dog when inner central tube is descending.
By technique scheme, also comprise oil jacket means of communication, described oil jacket means of communication is included the inlet opening arranged below central tube outward flange sealing ring, the upper end of exterior central tube is provided with flowing hole, when inner central tube being carried to shear pin seat place of giving up, flowing hole on exterior central tube is communicated with the inlet opening of inner central tube, and oil jacket is communicated with, and forms anti-flushing well passage.
By technique scheme, the lower end of described exterior central tube is provided with spring detent, the lower end of the outward flange support spring pawl of inner central tube, and the external screw thread arranged the lower end of spring detent is connected with lower contact internal thread, makes exterior central tube and lower contact keep connection status.
By technique scheme, slip mechanism upper slips seat, slips, lower slips seat, described slips is unidirectional downward slips, and described slips is embedded on slip spider by dovetail groove, and it is inverted in the top of packing element black box.
By technique scheme, described setting mechanism comprises piston bush and the piston that is arranged between piston bush and outer intervalve and support set form, and the upper end of described piston bush is connected with packing element black box, and lower end is connected with retaining mechanism.
By technique scheme, described retaining mechanism comprises lock dog seat, lock tube, lock ring and back of the body ring, and the upper end of described lock tube is connected with piston bush, and lower end is connected with lock dog seat, and described lock dog seat is connected with the dowel bushing be sleeved in lower contact by setting pin; Described back of the body ring is fixedly installed in lower contact by the second deblocking pin, the upper end of back of the body ring arranges the endoporus phase configuration of the conical surface and lock ring, in lower contact, the corresponding back of the body ring upper end conical surface arranges catching step, lock ring is installed in the back of the body ring upper end conical surface and the annular groove that formed of catching step, lock ring is C shape ring, periphery is provided with ratchet or sawtooth external screw thread, the ratchet arranged with lock tube endoporus or sawtooth internal thread phase configuration.
Beneficial effect acquired by the utility model is:
1, the utility model is simple to operate, rational in infrastructure, possesses upper lifting pipe post and transfers tubing string unfreezing function, gives up, can bore milling function, reducing unfreezing difficulty, extend the application life of tubing string, saved engineering time and expense;
2, the grappling of the utility model collection be sealed in one, slips is arranged with packing element above anchoring string, and compared with conventional hydraulic anchor, drastically reduce the area seal, reduce leakage possibility, increase tubing string period of validity;
3, the utility model possesses connection oil jacket function; Namely upper lifting pipe cornice moves inner central tube up certain stroke and backwash passage is communicated with feed pathway can be communicated with oil jacket, make oil jacket pressure balance, also can carry out anti-flushing well simultaneously, be conducive to tubing string deblocking releasing;
4, the utility model parts thereof uses and easily bores milling material.Tubing string can on carry deblocking releasing, when tubing string cannot trip out, back-off packer, under enter to bore milling tool, packer is bored mill off.Overhaul time, operating expenses can be saved; Also part well can be avoided to scrap because overhaul does not become.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is that A-A in Fig. 1 is to sectional view.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1-2, the desirable anchor packer that bores of one that the present embodiment provides comprises top connection 1, the inner central tube 4 be connected with top connection 1, be placed on the exterior central tube 13 outside inner central tube 4, lower contact 18, slip mechanism, releasing gadget, packing element black box, setting mechanism, retaining mechanism, upper deblocking releasing mechanism, lower deblocking releasing mechanism, oil jacket means of communication, the described releasing gadget annular comprised between the upper end being installed in top connection 1 lower end and exterior central tube 13 is given up shear pin seat 3, described shear pin seat 3 is connected with the upper slips seat 5 of slip mechanism by shear pin 6 of giving up, outside exterior central tube 13, set gradually slip mechanism from top to down, packing element black box, setting mechanism, described retaining mechanism is arranged in lower contact 18, and be fixed in lower contact 18 by the pin that sets of setting mechanism, and be connected with the lower end of setting mechanism, wherein, exterior central tube 13 lower end is provided with spring detent 16, and spring detent 16 lower end has external screw thread to be connected with lower contact 18 screw thread, inner central tube 4, as a unlocking feature support spring pawl, makes exterior central tube and lower contact keep connection status.
Described slip mechanism comprises upper slips seat 5, slips 7, lower slips seat 8, and described slips 7 is unidirectional downward slips, and be inverted above packing element, slips 7 has six, and slips 7 is embedded in slip spider 8 by dovetail groove.
Described packing element black box comprises packing element 10, protection bowl 11, upper glue tube base, lower rubber cylinder seat 12, and protection bowl 11 is positioned at the two ends of packing element 10, and upper glue tube base is connected with upper slips seat 5, and the lower end of lower rubber cylinder seat 12 is connected with setting mechanism piston bush 15.
Described setting mechanism comprises piston bush 15 and the piston 14 that is arranged between piston bush 15 and outer intervalve and support set, and the upper end of described piston bush 15 is connected with packing element black box, and lower end is connected with retaining mechanism.
Described retaining mechanism comprises and sets shear pin cover, lock tube 22, lock ring 19, back of the body ring 20 and set shear pin seat, the upper end of described lock tube 22 is connected with piston bush 15, lower end with set shear pin cover and be connected, described in set shear pin cover and be connected with the shear pin seat that sets be sleeved in lower contact by setting shear pin 23; Described back of the body ring 20 is fixedly installed in lower contact 18 by the second deblocking pin 21, also can reach the object of deblocking by cutting off the second deblocking pin 21; The upper end of back of the body ring 20 arranges the endoporus phase configuration of the conical surface and lock ring 19, in lower contact 18, the corresponding back of the body ring 20 upper end conical surface arranges catching step, lock ring 19 is installed in the back of the body ring 20 upper end conical surface and the annular groove that formed of catching step, lock ring 19 is C shape ring, periphery is provided with sawtooth external screw thread, the sawtooth internal thread phase configuration arranged with lock tube 22 endoporus.
Described upper deblocking releasing mechanism comprises the outward flange, the first deblocking pin 2 that are arranged on inner central tube 4 lower end, described outward flange is configured by sealing ring and exterior central tube 13 inner wall sealing, the external diameter of described outward flange is greater than shear pin seat 3 internal diameter of giving up, the relative outward flange in lower surface of shear pin seat 3 of making to give up forms a stop shoulder, and the upper slips seat of described slip mechanism is fixedly installed in top connection by the first deblocking pin.
The horn mouth that described lower deblocking releasing mechanism is included in the radial lock dog hole that lower contact is arranged, the lock dog 17 installed in lock dog hole, the garter spring being arranged on lock dog periphery and arranges in inner central tube lower end, the horn mouth of described inner central tube to extend in lower contact and is positioned at the below in lock dog hole, under the pretightning force effect of garter spring, make lock dog 17 be close to the outer wall of inner central tube 4.Wherein, described bell-mouthed outer rim is the inclined-plane fitted with lower contact, and when inner central tube 4 is up, bell-mouthed outer inclined-plane can force lock dog to be recessed in the radial lock dog hole of lower contact, and horn mouth inclined-plane is through lock dog simultaneously.Lock dog 17 ejects under garter spring effect, but affects can not leave lower contact by step in lock dog.Inner central tube 4 horn mouth shirt rim is a right angle, stops when inner central tube 4 is descending time by lock dog.Give packer inner central tube slamming down stroke, force the unfreezing of packer lower slips seat.
Described oil jacket means of communication is included the inlet opening arranged below central tube 4 outward flange sealing ring, the upper end of exterior central tube 13 is provided with flowing hole, when inner central tube 4 being carried to shear pin seat place of giving up, flowing hole on exterior central tube 13 is communicated with the inlet opening of inner central tube, oil jacket is communicated with, forms anti-flushing well passage.
In the utility model, the component such as exterior central tube 13, slips 7, upper and lower slip spider, packing element black box, piston component, retaining mechanism, lower contact adopt easily brill milling material (such as ductile cast iron material) to make.
After entering projected depth under the utility model connected pipes, oil pipe is sprained pressure, make to form pressure reduction between oil jacket, the piston 14 described in Fig. 1 is made to produce thrust, the thrust raising generation along with pressure is larger, piston 14 drives piston bush 15 and lock tube 22 to cut off and sets shear pin 23, continue promote compression three rubber seals 10 and promote lower slips seat 8, make the protruding grappling sleeve pipe of slips 7, three rubber seal 10 Seal Oil cover annular spaces, piston 14 drives piston bush 15 and lock tube 22 to move upward simultaneously, lock ring 19 and lock tube 22 is made mutually to enter lock, prevent packing element black box resilience after pressure release.Continue to improve oily overpressure, cut off shear pin on setting ball seat and cage, ball seat fuse and steel ball fall into thereupon receives in basket, makes oil pipe and stratum set up passage.Realize the measure objects such as acidifying, pressure break, water filling.
When desirable bore anchor packer need deblocking releasing time, upper lifting pipe post certain load cuts off the first deblocking shear pin 2, extract inner central tube 4 out to move certain stroke 9, outward flange on inner central tube 4 is tangled give up the lower end stop shoulder of shear pin seat 3, owing to giving up, shear pin seat 3 is connected with upper slips seat 5 by shear pin 6 of giving up, thus drive that upper slips seat 5 is up makes it unfreezing, while extracting inner central tube 4 out, make exterior central tube lower end elastic claw 16 lose support, throw off the connection with lower contact 18, facilitate unfreezing.As cannot unfreezing, also can carry out anti-flushing well, extract out due to inner central tube 4 and make inlet opening and backwash channel connection, make oil jacket pressure balance, also can carry out anti-flushing well simultaneously, be conducive to tubing string deblocking releasing; As still cannot unfreezing, due in inner central tube 4 extraction, under the effect of garter spring, lock dog 17 adduction, so that transfer its inner central tube 4 lower end of tubing string again and clash into lock dog 17, force lower contact 18 to drive lock tube 22, piston bush 15, lower rubber cylinder seat 12, lower slips seat 8 descending, make three rubber seals 10 by force, slips 7 retracts.Then whether unfreezing observed by upper lifting pipe post, as or cannot unfreezing, above carry more high load capacity and transferred to by shear pin seat 3 of giving up and give up on shear pin 6, put off shear pin 6 of giving up, can realize giving up, propose that parts have top connection 1, inner central tube 4, shear pin seat 3 of giving up.Enter under lower step fishing string or under enter casing section mill carry out cover milling salvage.

Claims (8)

1. desirablely bore anchor packer, it is characterized in that comprising top connection, the inner central tube be connected with top connection, be placed on the exterior central tube outside inner central tube, the lower contact be connected with exterior central tube lower end, slip mechanism, releasing gadget, packing element black box, setting mechanism, retaining mechanism and upper deblocking releasing mechanism, described releasing gadget comprises the annular be installed between the lower end of top connection and the upper end of exterior central tube and to give up shear pin seat, described shear pin seat is connected with the upper slips seat of slip mechanism by shear pin of giving up, slip mechanism is set gradually from top to down outward at exterior central tube, packing element black box, setting mechanism, described retaining mechanism is fixed in lower contact by the pin that sets of setting mechanism, and be connected with the lower end of setting mechanism, described upper deblocking releasing mechanism comprises the outward flange being arranged on inner central tube lower end, first deblocking pin, described outward flange is configured by sealing ring and exterior central tube inner wall sealing, the external diameter of described outward flange is greater than shear pin seat internal diameter of giving up, the relative outward flange in lower surface of shear pin seat of making to give up forms a stop shoulder, the upper slips seat of described slip mechanism is fixedly installed in top connection by the first deblocking pin.
2. according to claim 1ly desirablely bore anchor packer, it is characterized in that also being provided with lower deblocking releasing mechanism, described lower deblocking releasing mechanism is included in the radial lock dog hole that lower contact is arranged, the lock dog installed in lock dog hole, the garter spring being arranged on lock dog periphery and the horn mouth arranged in inner central tube lower end, the horn mouth of described inner central tube to extend in lower contact and is positioned at the below in lock dog hole, under the pretightning force effect of garter spring, make lock dog be close to inner central tube outer wall.
3. according to claim 2ly desirablely bore anchor packer, it is characterized in that described bell-mouthed outer rim is the outer inclined-plane fitted with lower contact, when inner central tube is up, bell-mouthed outer inclined-plane forces lock dog to be recessed in radial lock dog hole, the outer inclined-plane of horn mouth slips over lock dog simultaneously, and lock dog ejects under garter spring effect; Bell-mouthed shirt rim is a right angle, stops by lock dog when inner central tube is descending.
4. according to claim 1 and 2ly desirablely bore anchor packer, characterized by further comprising oil jacket means of communication, described oil jacket means of communication is included the inlet opening arranged below central tube outward flange sealing ring, the upper end of exterior central tube is provided with flowing hole, when inner central tube being carried to shear pin seat place of giving up, flowing hole on exterior central tube is communicated with the inlet opening of inner central tube, and oil jacket is communicated with, and forms anti-flushing well passage.
5. according to claim 1 and 2ly desirablely bore anchor packer, it is characterized in that the lower end of described exterior central tube is provided with spring detent, the lower end of the outward flange support spring pawl of inner central tube, the external screw thread arranged the lower end of spring detent is connected with lower contact internal thread, makes exterior central tube and lower contact keep connection status.
6. according to claim 1 and 2ly desirablely bore anchor packer, it is characterized in that slip mechanism upper slips seat, slips, lower slips seat, described slips is unidirectional downward slips, and described slips is embedded on slip spider by dovetail groove, and it is inverted in the top of packing element black box.
7. according to claim 4ly desirablely bore anchor packer, it is characterized in that described setting mechanism comprises piston bush and the piston that is arranged between piston bush and outer intervalve and support set form, the upper end of described piston bush is connected with packing element black box, and lower end is connected with retaining mechanism.
8. according to claim 7ly desirablely bore anchor packer, it is characterized in that described retaining mechanism comprises lock dog seat, lock tube, lock ring and back of the body ring, the upper end of described lock tube is connected with piston bush, lower end is connected with lock dog seat, and described lock dog seat is connected with the dowel bushing be sleeved in lower contact by setting pin; Described back of the body ring is fixedly installed in lower contact by the second deblocking pin, the upper end of back of the body ring arranges the endoporus phase configuration of the conical surface and lock ring, in lower contact, the corresponding back of the body ring upper end conical surface arranges catching step, lock ring is installed in the back of the body ring upper end conical surface and the annular groove that formed of catching step, lock ring is C shape ring, periphery is provided with ratchet or sawtooth external screw thread, the ratchet arranged with lock tube endoporus or sawtooth internal thread phase configuration.
CN201420474953.7U 2014-08-22 2014-08-22 Desirablely bore anchor packer Withdrawn - After Issue CN204175233U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104213868A (en) * 2014-08-22 2014-12-17 中国石油化工股份有限公司江汉油田分公司采油工艺研究院 Desirable and drillable anchor packer
CN104863540A (en) * 2015-05-28 2015-08-26 荆州市赛瑞能源技术有限公司 Anchor packer with hydraulic setting function and rotation unsetting function
CN104895522A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-09-09 荆州市赛瑞能源技术有限公司 Hydraulic setting and rotating unlocking packer
CN108825166A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-11-16 宝鸡瑞林石油机电设备有限责任公司 A kind of novel water injection packer

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104213868A (en) * 2014-08-22 2014-12-17 中国石油化工股份有限公司江汉油田分公司采油工艺研究院 Desirable and drillable anchor packer
CN104895522A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-09-09 荆州市赛瑞能源技术有限公司 Hydraulic setting and rotating unlocking packer
CN104895522B (en) * 2015-05-27 2017-03-08 荆州市赛瑞能源技术有限公司 A kind of packer of hydraulic setting rotation deblocking
CN104863540A (en) * 2015-05-28 2015-08-26 荆州市赛瑞能源技术有限公司 Anchor packer with hydraulic setting function and rotation unsetting function
CN108825166A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-11-16 宝鸡瑞林石油机电设备有限责任公司 A kind of novel water injection packer
CN108825166B (en) * 2018-05-30 2020-09-22 宝鸡瑞林石油机电设备有限责任公司 Novel water injection packer

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20150225

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C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting