CN204165479U - Deep hole diameter run-out cubing in axle - Google Patents

Deep hole diameter run-out cubing in axle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204165479U
CN204165479U CN201420685896.7U CN201420685896U CN204165479U CN 204165479 U CN204165479 U CN 204165479U CN 201420685896 U CN201420685896 U CN 201420685896U CN 204165479 U CN204165479 U CN 204165479U
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China
Prior art keywords
gauge
mandrel
workpiece
rod
axle
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CN201420685896.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
秦钧
夏汉关
赵红军
董义
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Jiangsu Pacific Precision Forging Co Ltd
Jiangsu Pacific Ocean Gear Transmission Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Pacific Precision Forging Co Ltd
Jiangsu Pacific Ocean Gear Transmission Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420685896.7U priority Critical patent/CN204165479U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses deep hole diameter run-out cubing in a kind of axle, it comprises pedestal, fixed supporting, axle sleeve, gauge rod, mandrel and expansion bearing.Described mandrel inserts in inner hole of workpiece, and mandrel one end is supported by stationary center, the interior conical sliding support of the other end, and workpiece two ends to be detected are respectively by determining supporting and expansion bearing coaxially supports.The gauge rod that in the built-in axial blind hole of mandrel, assemblage gap coordinates, the gauge head that gauge rod one end coordinates with mandrel radial hole intermediate gap contacts.Gauge head by spring and set screws radially elasticity stretch out measurement structure, the gauge head of contact inner hole of workpiece wall is in relative rotary course, corresponding radial displacement is produced with measured result, radial displacement drives gauge rod axial displacement, the gauge outfit of the top rod driving dial gauge dynamic with gauge rod makes pointer deflect, value display survey workpiece target section internal orifice dimension to jitter values.In the utility model, workpiece and mandrel two ends are coaxially supported in the lump, and this structure has accomplished that positioning datum overlaps with design basis, avoids detection reference error, are conducive to improving accuracy of detection.

Description

Deep hole diameter run-out cubing in axle
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of cubing for measurement mechanical inner bore of part crudy, and specifically, the utility model relates to a kind of cubing for measuring the diameter run-out of tubular shaft endoporus.
Background technology
Tubular shaft is common mechanical component, and the design basis of such part and measuring basis are all axis routinely.By coaxial supporting tubular shaft two ends endoporus under prior art equipment condition, just can accomplish accurately to measure tubular shaft outer wall each portion length dimension and diameter run-out.In reality, the tubular shaft Internal hole positioning of many Equipments Setting installs auxiliary equipment, so the existing size tolerance requirements of this kind of axis hole also has position accuracy demand, because during this type of piece test, two ends endoporus is supported blocking, general amount cubing directly cannot measure the radial beat eccentricity of endoporus, so be difficult to effective Mass Control in manufacture process, especially diameter of bore is less than that the tubular shaft of 35mm is more difficult accomplishes on-line checkingi positional precision.Such as, transmission shaft endoporus in saloon car transmission only has Φ 23mm, and in endoporus, Multi-section shaft shelves have diameter run-out to limit, and owing to lacking general amount cubing for the production of on-the-spot on-line checkingi, its workmanship is difficult to accomplish controlled, easily causes the overproof accident of batch.
Utility model content
The utility model lacks the present situation of online cubing to glitch detection mainly for tubular shaft internal orifice dimension, propose one and be adapted at production scene for measuring deep hole diameter run-out cubing in axle, and this detection tool structure is simple, it is convenient to detect, measure accurately.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions technical goal.
Deep hole diameter run-out cubing in axle, it comprises pedestal, fixed supporting, axle sleeve, gauge rod, mandrel and expansion bearing.Described pedestal is rectangular panel blocks, and length direction one end, plate face is fixedly connected with determines supporting, uniform three longitudinal directions on another end plate face and the open slot be upward parallel to each other, and being positioned at middle groove is rectangular channel, point is located at the T type groove of both sides for locking expansion bearing.Described expansion bearing is angular member, and bottom plate face is provided with the key of evagination down, and key coordinates with the rectangular channel of pedestal and forms expansion bearing direct movement rail way structure.Expansion bearing top is equipped with and forms axial adjustable structure by the rolling center be coaxially nested, interior top, axle sleeve and lock-screw.Describedly surely support top to be provided with stationary center is the coaxial mounted dial gauge of carrier, Compress Spring, push rod composition axially measures structure, workpiece two ends are respectively by determining supporting and expansion bearing coaxially supports.Its improvements are: described mandrel is a kind of more piece straight-bar axle of built-in axial blind hole, and the mandrel one end of inserting in inner hole of workpiece is supported by stationary center.It is solid shaft part that mandrel faces expansion bearing one end, the interior conical sliding support of center pit that this shaft part end face is provided with.The gauge rod that in the built-in axial blind hole of mandrel, assemblage gap coordinates, elongated gauge rod two ends are provided with top, one end towards stationary center is located by axle sleeve, the gauge head that the other end coordinates with mandrel radial hole intermediate gap contacts, gauge head by spring and set screws radially elasticity stretch out measurement structure, the gauge head of contact inner hole of workpiece wall, in relative rotary course, corresponding radial displacement is produced with measured result, radial displacement drives gauge rod axial displacement, the gauge outfit of the top rod driving dial gauge dynamic with gauge rod makes pointer offset, value display survey workpiece target section internal orifice dimension to jitter values.
Gauge head in said structure and gauge rod contact position are axis of cone section, and its coning angle is 90 0.The top of gauge rod two ends is cone, and its coning angle is 60 0.
The utility model compared with prior art, has following good effect:
1, built-in measurement structure is simple, makes easily, easy and simple to handle;
2, workpiece and mandrel two ends are coaxially supported in the lump, and this structure has accomplished that positioning datum is consistent with design basis, guarantees accurate positioning, easy to loading and unloading, and to testing conditions without particular/special requirement, are particularly suitable for the detection for the diameter run-out of axle endoporus in production scene;
3, quantize measured result directly perceived, measuring accuracy is high, efficiency is high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation.
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is Fig. 1 A-A place diagrammatic cross-section.
Fig. 4 is Fig. 1 B place partial structurtes enlarged diagram, shows that radial elastic stretches out measurement structure.
Embodiment
Below with reference to the accompanying drawings and in conjunction with the embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail.
The embodiment of deep hole diameter run-out cubing in axle shown in Fig. 1 is for measuring the diameter run-out of high-grade car variator axle endoporus, and this cubing comprises pedestal 1, surely supports 2, axle sleeve 3, gauge rod 4, mandrel 5 and expansion bearing 6.Described pedestal 1 is basic component, in the present embodiment, pedestal 1 is one piece of rectangular panel blocks, length direction one end, plate face is fixedly connected with determines supporting 2, uniform three longitudinal directions on another end plate face and the open slot be upward parallel to each other, being positioned at middle groove is rectangular channel, point to be located at the T-slot of both sides for locking expansion bearing 6, this kind of adjustable structure is convenient to the length according to workpiece 7, regulates expansion bearing 6 relatively surely to support the spacing of 2.Described expansion bearing 6 is angular member, and bottom plate face is provided with the key 6.5 of evagination down, and xsect is that the key 6.5 of rectangle coordinates with the rectangular channel of pedestal 1 and forms expansion bearing 6 and to keep straight on track structure.Expansion bearing 6 top is equipped with and forms axial adjustable structure by the rolling center 6.1 be coaxially nested, interior top 6.2, axle sleeve 6.3 and lock-screw 6.4.Unscrewing perpendicular to put after screw 6.4 can axial adjustment rolling center 6.1, the lock-screw 6.4 unscrewing horizontal can regulate interior top 6.2 relative to the position of rolling center 6.1, move to right and withstand workpiece 7 and mandrel 5 left end, after top is real, just can make location and installation by turn horizontal lock-screw 6.4.Detect and completely can unscrew lock-screw 6.4, displacement activity top 6.1 and interior top 6.2, is convenient to workpiece 7 and exits left.Surely support the positioning support that 2 are relative motion supporting 6 in the utility model, be also the carrier of built-in measurement structure simultaneously.Described surely support 2 tops be provided with stationary center 2.2 be the coaxial mounted dial gauge 2.1 of carrier, Compress Spring 2.3, push rod 2.4 form and axially measure structure.Compress Spring in this structure 2.3 pairs of push rods 2.4 apply left lateral thrust, force push rod 2.4 left side all the time with top contact of gauge rod 4 right-hand member, be conducive to gauge rod 4 transmitter shaft to displacement information.Described mandrel 5 is a kind of built-in axial blind hole more piece straight-bar axles, and mandrel 5 right-hand member inserted in workpiece 7 endoporus is supported by stationary center 2.2.Workpiece 7 two ends to be detected are respectively by axially supporting 2 and expansion bearing 6 coaxially support surely.Mandrel 5 left side is solid shaft part towards expansion bearing 6 one end, interior top 6.2 supportings of the center pit that this shaft part end face is provided with.Mandrel 5 faces the one end of determining supporting 2 and is provided with axial blind hole, and blind hole end is provided with the radial direction through hole running through mandrel 5, and radial direction through hole position is workpiece 7 target phase hole measuring position.The gauge rod 4 that in blind hole, assemblage gap coordinates, elongated gauge rod 4 two ends are provided with top, one end towards stationary center 2.2 is located by axle sleeve 3, the gauge head 5.1 that the other end coordinates with intermediate gap, mandrel 5 built-in radial hole contacts, and gauge head 5.1 forms radial elastic by spring 5.2 and screw 5.3 and stretches out measurement structure.Gauge head 5.1 by elastic tension leans on real workpiece 7 inner hole wall, and during rotational workpieces 7, the micro-radial displacement of gauge head 5.1 axially promotes the gauge outfit of dial gauge 2.1 by gauge rod 4, push rod 2.4, and the pointer of dial gauge 2.1 is deflected.During actual measurement, first desired location is zero-bit, rotational workpieces 7 one weeks, and the arithmetic sum of biased turn of the pointer Relative Zero of dial gauge 2.1 is exactly that workpiece 7 target phase internal orifice dimension is to jitter values.In order to the radial beat eccentricity size with more accurately showing surveyed workpiece 7 endoporus directly perceived, the gauge head 5.1 in the utility model is cone-shaped with the contact jaw of gauge rod 4, and gauge head 5.1 end section is axis of cone section, and its coning angle is 90 0, the top of gauge rod 4 two ends is cone, and its coning angle is also 90 0.This structure accomplishes that the radial displacement 1:1 of gauge head 5.1 changes into the axial displacement of gauge rod 4, the measurement result that dial gauge 2.1 is shown is exactly the radial beat eccentricity of surveyed endoporus, whether not needing does to convert just can gather, and qualified with the endoporus position of related features of this data judging workpiece 7.
In the utility model, workpiece 7 and mandrel 5 two ends are coaxially supported in the lump, and this structure has accomplished that positioning datum overlaps with design basis, avoids detection reference error, are conducive to improving accuracy of detection.On the other hand, although workpiece 7 two ends block up by supporting, but the built-in measurement structure of mandrel 5 can the gauge head 5.1 that stretches out of required design radial elastic, the diameter run-out of measurement tubular shaft endoporus is become a reality, and measurement operation is very simple, measurement efficiency is high, is particularly suitable for the detection that diameter run-out in axle is done in production scene.

Claims (3)

1. a deep hole diameter run-out cubing in axle, it comprises pedestal (1), fixed supporting (2), axle sleeve (3), gauge rod (4), mandrel (5) and expansion bearing (6), described pedestal (1) is rectangular panel blocks, length direction one end, plate face is fixedly connected with determines supporting (2), uniform three longitudinal directions on another end plate face and the open slot be upward parallel to each other, being positioned at middle groove is rectangular channel, point is located at the T type groove of both sides for locking expansion bearing (6), described expansion bearing (6) is angular member, and bottom plate face is provided with the key (6.5) of evagination down, and key (6.5) coordinates with the rectangular channel of pedestal (1) and forms expansion bearing (6) craspedodrome track structure, expansion bearing (6) top is equipped with and forms axial adjustable structure by the rolling center be coaxially nested (6.1), interior top (6.2), axle sleeve (6.3) and lock-screw (6.4), described fixed supporting (2) top be provided with stationary center (2.2) be the coaxial mounted dial gauge of carrier (2.1), Compress Spring (2.3), push rod (2.4) composition axially measures structure, workpiece (7) two ends are respectively by determining supporting (2) and expansion bearing (6) coaxially supports, it is characterized in that: described mandrel (5) is a kind of more piece straight-bar axle of built-in axial blind hole, mandrel (5) one end of inserting in workpiece (7) endoporus is supported by stationary center (2.2), it is solid shaft part that mandrel (5) faces expansion bearing (6) one end, and the center pit that this shaft part end face is provided with supports with interior top (6.2), the gauge rod (4) that in mandrel (5) built-in axial blind hole, assemblage gap coordinates, elongated gauge rod (4) two ends are provided with top, one end towards stationary center (2.2) is located by axle sleeve (3), the other end contacts with the gauge head (5.1) of mandrel (5) radial hole clearance fit, gauge head (5.1) forms radial elastic by spring (5.2) and screw (5.3) and stretches out measurement structure, the gauge head (5.1) of contact workpiece (7) inner hole wall, in relative rotary course, corresponding radial displacement is produced with measured result, radial displacement drives gauge rod (4) axial displacement, the push rod (2.4) dynamic with gauge rod (4) drives the gauge outfit of dial gauge (2.1) that pointer is offset, value display survey workpiece (7) target phase internal orifice dimension to jitter values.
2. deep hole diameter run-out cubing in axle according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described gauge head (5.1) and gauge rod (4) contact position are axis of cone section, and its coning angle is 90 0.
3. deep hole diameter run-out cubing in axle according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the top of described gauge rod (4) two ends is cone, and its coning angle is for holding 60 0.
CN201420685896.7U 2014-11-17 2014-11-17 Deep hole diameter run-out cubing in axle Active CN204165479U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420685896.7U CN204165479U (en) 2014-11-17 2014-11-17 Deep hole diameter run-out cubing in axle

Publications (1)

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CN204165479U true CN204165479U (en) 2015-02-18

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104330007A (en) * 2014-11-17 2015-02-04 江苏太平洋精锻科技股份有限公司 Hollow shaft inner bore radial runout checking fixture

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104330007A (en) * 2014-11-17 2015-02-04 江苏太平洋精锻科技股份有限公司 Hollow shaft inner bore radial runout checking fixture

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