CN204162529U - A kind of ion type rareearth mine wastewater membrane isolation technique treatment unit - Google Patents

A kind of ion type rareearth mine wastewater membrane isolation technique treatment unit Download PDF

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CN204162529U
CN204162529U CN201420546675.1U CN201420546675U CN204162529U CN 204162529 U CN204162529 U CN 204162529U CN 201420546675 U CN201420546675 U CN 201420546675U CN 204162529 U CN204162529 U CN 204162529U
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membrane
ceramic membrane
reverse osmosis
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nanofiltration
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王志高
彭文博
王金荣
张建嵩
张宏
范克银
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Jiangsu Jiuwu Hi Tech Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Jiuwu Hi Tech Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of ion type rareearth mine wastewater membrane isolation technique treatment unit, belongs to water treatment field.Include the pre-knot screen, the ceramic membrane that connect successively, the per-meate side of ceramic membrane is connected to the entrance retaining side of nanofiltration membrane, the per-meate side of nanofiltration membrane is connected to the entrance retaining side of reverse osmosis membrane, on the pipeline of the connection between nanofiltration membrane and reverse osmosis membrane, also be provided with dilute sulphuric acid storage tank, described pre-knot screen is charcoal filter device or sand filtering device, and the material of ceramic membrane is selected from aluminum oxide, zirconium white or titanium oxide; The mean pore size scope of ceramic membrane is 0.02 ~ 0.2 μm; The per-meate side of ceramic membrane is also connected with back-purge system.The utility model adopts membrane separation technique process ion type rareearth mine waste water, has both made mine wastewater obtain purification, and has reached emission request, be conducive to environmental protection; Make again the trace rare-earth ion in waste water and ammonium sulfate be recycled well, reclaim valuable resource.

Description

A kind of ion type rareearth mine wastewater membrane isolation technique treatment unit
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of ion type rareearth mine wastewater membrane isolation technique treatment unit, relate in particular to a kind of employing with membrane separation technique be core process by process ion type rareearth mine waste water plant mutually integrated to membrane sepn and traditional technology, belong to field of waste water treatment.
Background technology
South ion type rareearth ore is in China since the exploitation seventies in last century, and experienced by the development of three more than ten years, production practice develops into existing " in_situ leaching technique " from the most original " leaching process ", and leaching agent also changes ammonium sulfate into from sodium-chlor.This transformation is friendly to environment, and " remove mountain motion " being that of avoiding large-scale ore extraction, protects surface, mine vegetation; Two is that the use of ammonium sulfate leaching agent also prevent the weathering of sodium-chlor to mine, and the ammonia in ammonium sulfate is again the necessary nutrition of plant-growth, also contributes to the improvement of environment to a certain extent.
But the improvement of above technique can not change the ecotope of Rare-earth Mine.For many years, environment from the waste water seriously etch flowed out in the residual ore deposit of rare earth stayed after the waste water that produces of mining and exploitation.Rare earth ion both containing 0.01 ~ 0.1g/L in these waste water, ammoniumsulphate soln again containing about 2g/L, some even also contains the compound of heavy metal, fluorion and arsenic, waste water containing these materials is through long-term accumulation, concentration just can be more and more higher, along with rainwash, just can flow to each corner around mine, injure green vegetation, affect the ecotope in mine.
And rare earth resources is the precious resources of China, non-renewable, if these waste water middle-weight rare earths are directly discharged, will be the significant wastage to China's precious resources.On the other hand, the sulfate radical waste water of high ammonia nitrogen directly enters water body, will cause body eutrophication, reduces water body ornamental value, and the NO3-N and NO2-N that oxidation generates also can cause permanent injury to the hydrobiont even health of the mankind.On November 24th, 2011, Environmental Protection Department is issued in 14 provincial 84 Rare Earth Enterprises in the whole nation, only has 15 enterprise wastewater ammonia-nitrogen contents to meet environmental requirement.Therefore, how to facilitate, economically the valency rare earth element recovery that has in Rare Earth Production process discharge waste water is come, and standard ammonia-nitrogen content being reduced to country's permission has become one of Rare Earth Production enterprise of China difficult problem anxious to be resolved.
Existing RE waste water treatment process with the precipitator method for main recovering rare earth.CN101979335A have employed lime as the rare earth in precipitation agent recovery waste water.CN 101974690A have employed lime precipitation and adds extraction process and reclaimed rare earth in waste water.These two patents are all adopt the waste water of lime precipitation process Rare-earth Mine and recovering rare earth.This method, cost of investment and running cost are very low, but environment is not a bit improved, rare earth ion not only after process in RE waste water can not reclaim completely, and the RE waste water after process is in alkaline and formation secondary pollution, and in process, form the solid pollutant of a large amount of lime muds.CN 101870506A and CN 103232124A then adopts the art breading Rare-earth Mine waste water of ion exchange resin, has reclaimed rare earth wherein.But these two patented technologies all also exist the resin easily intoxicating phenomenon because of the existence of heavy metal ion, and saturated very soon, a large amount of ammonium sulfate waste water can be produced again during desorption.Thus and imperfect in addition, it should be noted that the removal being just referred to rare earth ion in these patents, be not mentioned to the removal of ammonia nitrogen, useful effect can not be played completely to the environmental improvement of Rare-earth Mine.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model be solve that RE waste water intractability is large, in waste water ammonium sulfate cannot recycle, the problem of the wasting of resources.Propose a kind of ion type rareearth mine wastewater membrane isolation technique treatment unit.
Present method utilizes membrane separation technique process rare-earth mineral waste water, removes suspended solids wherein by ceramic membrane, removes rare earth ion wherein by nanofiltration membrane, removes ammonia nitrogen wherein finally by reverse osmosis membrane.Adopt this technique, not only effective process has been carried out to Rare-earth Mine waste water, make the water outlet after process reach the requirement of environmental protection; And improve the rate of recovery of rare earth and the recovery use value of ammonium sulfate, reduce further investment and running cost, bring significant economy and environment benefit to the process of Rare-earth Mine waste water.
Concrete technical scheme:
A kind of ion type rareearth mine wastewater membrane isolation technique treatment process, comprises the steps:
1st step, pre-removal of impurities is carried out to ion type rareearth mine waste water, obtain clear liquid;
2nd step, to clear liquid ceramic membrane filter, obtain ceramic membrane clear liquid and ceramic membrane dope;
3rd step, ceramic membrane clear liquid nanofiltration membrane to be concentrated, nanofiltration dope and nanofiltration clear liquid;
4th step, nanofiltration clear liquid dilute sulphuric acid is adjusted to pH=3 ~ 5 after concentrate with reverse osmosis membrane, obtain reverse osmosis clear liquid and reverse osmosis dope.
Pre-removal of impurities refers to charcoal filter, sand filtration or multi-medium filtering.
In ceramic membrane filter, crossflow velocity controls at 1 ~ 3m/s; Pressure is 0.1 ~ 0.4MPa.
Ceramic membrane mean pore size scope is 0.02 ~ 0.2 μm, and material is aluminum oxide, zirconium white or titanium oxide.
Carry out back flushing in ceramic membrane filter, the recoil cycle is 30 ~ 60 min, and the recoil time is 5 ~ 10s.
Nanofiltration membrane carry out concentrated in, between cycles of concentration 10 ~ 30 times; The working pressure of nanofiltration membrane is 1.0 ~ 3.5MPa.
Nanofiltration membrane, under 0.7MPa, is 96 ~ 99% to the rejection optimum of 2g/L magnesium sulfate.
Cycles of concentration in reverse osmosis concentrated compression process is preferably between 10 ~ 30 times, and the working pressure of reverse osmosis process is preferably 1.5 ~ 4.0 Mpa.
The preferred cellulose acetate of material of reverse osmosis membrane, nitrocellulose, ethyl cellulose, the organic materials such as polysulfonamides or aromatic polyamide.
Reverse osmosis membrane, under 1.5MPa, reaches more than 99% to the rejection of 2g/l sodium-chlor.
Based on above-mentioned method, another object of the present utility model there is provided a kind of ion type rareearth mine wastewater membrane isolation technique treatment unit, include the pre-knot screen, the ceramic membrane that connect successively, the per-meate side of ceramic membrane is connected to the entrance retaining side of nanofiltration membrane, the per-meate side of nanofiltration membrane is connected to the entrance retaining side of reverse osmosis membrane, on the pipeline of the connection between nanofiltration membrane and reverse osmosis membrane, be also provided with dilute sulphuric acid storage tank.
Described pre-knot screen is charcoal filter device or sand filtering device.
The material of ceramic membrane is selected from aluminum oxide, zirconium white or titanium oxide; The mean pore size scope of ceramic membrane is 0.02 ~ 0.2 μm.
The per-meate side of ceramic membrane is also connected with back-purge system.
The material of reverse osmosis membrane is selected from the organic materialss such as cellulose acetate, nitrocellulose, ethyl cellulose, polysulfonamides or aromatic polyamide.
beneficial effect
In this patent technique, the rare earth ion concentration controlled in rare-earth mineral waste water and ammonia nitrogen concentration are gathered to reach the environmental protection standard of discharge and rare earth and ammonium sulfate resource reclaim, both process waste water and be conducive to environmental protection, reclaim again valuable resource, compare with ion-exchange-resin process with the conventional lime precipitator method, there is following superiority:
1, adopt technique scheme, the utility model obtains following beneficial effect: concentrating by ceramic membrane, eliminates the suspended substance in waste water, make suspended substance reach discharge index; The rare earth ion by the concentration and recovery of nanofiltration membrane, makes the rare earth ion in waste water reach discharge index; Concentrating further by reverse osmosis, retains removal again by the ammonium sulfate remained in waste water, makes the discharge of ammonia nitrogen in the water outlet of reverse osmosis also reach the standard of environmental protection.Be trapped concentrated rare earth ion and ammonium sulfate then to can be used as useful resources and reclaimed, really accomplish the zero discharge treatment of waste water.
2, compared with traditional lime precipitation technique: the membrane concentration in the utility model not only creates same resource reclaim benefit, reduce processing cost, and it can not to produce in waste water because the interpolation of lime is with the harm of alkalescence, also can not produce a large amount of lime muds.
3, because the high-precision of film retains, through the waste water of the utility model technical finesse, the rare earth in its permeate and ammonia nitrogen concentration can reach the degree than lime precipitation better effects if.Meanwhile, have other unit prices in waste water and divalence and even polyvalent ion especially heavy metal ion and high retain degree.More can not produce high hardness and basicity as leaving a large amount of calcium ions in lime precipitation processed waste water.
4, compared with ion-exchange-resin process, the utility model technology is easy to because film regenerates, a large amount of soda acids or ammonium sulfate waste water can not be produced, cause secondary pollution, ion exchange resin then creates a large amount of secondary pollutants because of needing constantly to regenerate, and ion exchange resin easily lost efficacy because heavy metal ion is poisoning in operational process, this technology then can not produce this phenomenon.
5, the utility model technology can process the rare earth ion in waste water, can process again the ammonium sulfate in waste water, makes water outlet ammonia nitrogen qualified discharge.And lime precipitation and ion-exchange-resin process can not process the ammonia nitrogen in ammonium sulfate.
In a word, the utility model technology provides the method for a kind of membrane separation and integration technology process ion type rareearth mine waste water, makes it have good application prospect in ion type rareearth mine field of waste water treatment due to the feature such as high precision, the regenerating easily of membrane separation technique self, processing power is large, volume is little, the operation of energy continuous and automatic.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model process flow sheet.
Fig. 2 is the setting drawing that the utility model adopts.
Wherein, 1, pre-knot screen; 2, ceramic membrane; 3, nanofiltration membrane; 4, dilute sulphuric acid storage tank; 5, reverse osmosis membrane; 6, back-purge system.
Embodiment
By reference to the accompanying drawings the utility model is described in further detail below by embodiment.But it will be understood to those of skill in the art that the following example only for illustration of the utility model, and should not be considered as limiting scope of the present utility model.Unreceipted concrete technology or condition person in embodiment, according to the technology described by the document in this area or condition (" mineral membrane isolation technique and the application " of such as reference Xu Nan equality work, Chemical Industry Press, 2003) or carry out according to product description.Agents useful for same or the unreceipted production firm person of instrument, being can by the conventional products of commercial acquisition.
Present method utilizes membrane separation technique process rare-earth mineral waste water, suspended solids is wherein removed by ceramic membrane, by the cutoff performance removing rare earth ion wherein of nanofiltration membrane for the ion of divalence and multivalence, and the ammonia nitrogen contained in nanofiltration permeate can retain finally by reverse osmosis membrane, in reverse osmosis clear liquid ammonia nitrogen up to standard after can directly discharge or reuse.
So first carry out pre-treatment by the mode of clarification or coarse filtration to rare-earth mineral waste water; Preferred, coarse filtration refers to charcoal filter, sand filtration or multi-medium filtering.Use the clear liquid of the mode gained of coarse filtration relative to fining process, impurity is less, and small volume structure shared by equipment is simply compact.The object of this step gets rid of macrobead solid, the suspended substance in process water sample, to reach the requirement of ceramic membrane water inlet.
The effect of ceramic membrane is the impurity such as the colloid removed further in waste water, particle, and ceramic membrane dope returns pretreatment technology; The composition in ceramic membrane concentrated solution can be made again to be recycled, and the feed liquid that can reduce pretreatment process concentrates, the strainability slowing down strainer declines, remove a large amount of suspended substance in RE waste water system simultaneously, ceramic membrane clear liquid is removed because of suspended substance wherein, and can enter into the nanofiltration of lower road and reverse osmosis operation.The technique of ceramic membrane filter adopts continuous permanent cycles of concentration to filter.In order to ensure high-throughput and the security of ceramic membrane filter, first carry out the thickening filtration of ceramic membrane when starting, to be concentrated when being 3 ~ 5wt% to solids concn, more permanent cycles of concentration filters (also title diafiltration or dialysis), crossflow velocity controls at 1 ~ 3m/s; Pressure is 0.1 ~ 0.4Mpa; Filter under normal temperature.With self-timing recoil technique in process, adopt ceramic membrane to produce water and recoil, the recoil cycle is 30 ~ 60 min, and the recoil time is 5-10s.In order to reduce the resistance of membrane process, increase the avidity of mould material and water, be defined as the ceramic membrane selected: material is aluminum oxide, zirconium white or titanium oxide, the mean pore size scope of ceramic membrane is 0.02 ~ 0.2 μm.Membrane structure is external-compression type or inner pressed tubulose multi-channel structure, and film thickness is between 1 ~ 10 μm.
After obtaining ceramic membrane filter liquid, then to be carried out by the rare earth ion of the divalence wherein contained or multivalence retaining concentrated by nanofiltration, nanofiltration concentrated solution is got back to depositing technology and is carried out rare earth recovery.Because the rare earth ion in ceramic membrane filtrate and ammonium sulfate can realize being separated by nanofiltration, ammonium sulfate can partially through nanofiltration membrane, and rare earth ion realizes the enrichment in concentrated solution side, after improving the concentration of rare earth ion, the precipitator method can be passed more readily rare earth is reclaimed, the usage quantity of precipitation agent can be reduced.The material of nanofiltration membrane can be organic, also can be inorganic.Nanofiltration membrane, under 0.7MPa, is 96 ~ 99% to the rejection optimum of 2g/L magnesium sulfate.Cycles of concentration in nanofiltration membrane concentration process is preferably between 10 ~ 30 times; The working pressure of nanofiltration membrane is preferably 1.0 ~ 3.5Mpa.
Containing a certain amount of ammonia nitrogen in the permeate of nanofiltration, sent into reverse osmosis membrane and carried out filtering and concentrating.The effect concentrated with reverse osmosis membrane after adjusting pH=3 ~ 5 to nanofiltration penetrating fluid dilute sulphuric acid: guarantee that ammonia nitrogen does not exceed standard in relief liquor on the one hand, is back to use on the other hand in leaching operation again and uses as leaching agent when the concentration of ammonium sulfate acquires a certain degree.Preferably, the cycles of concentration in reverse osmosis concentrated compression process is preferably between 10 ~ 30 times, optimum at 15 times, and pH regulator to 3 ~ 5 of charging, are preferably 4; In order to not introduce other ion, more in order to drive retaining of ammonium radical ion by retaining of divalent sulfur acid ion, dilution heat of sulfuric acid must be adopted to carry out the adjustment of pH.Reverse osmosis membrane, under 1.5MPa, reaches more than 99% to the rejection of 2g/l sodium-chlor.The organic materialss such as the preferred cellulose acetate of material of reverse osmosis membrane, nitrocellulose, ethyl cellulose, polysulfonamides or aromatic polyamide, optimum adopts complex aromatic polymeric amide.The working pressure of reverse osmosis process is preferably 1.5 ~ 4.0 Mpa.Maximally can improve the rate of recovery of reverse osmosis membrane for sulfate of ammoniac.
The device adopted in following examples as indicated with 2, include the pre-knot screen 1, the ceramic membrane 2 that connect successively, the per-meate side of ceramic membrane 2 is connected to the entrance retaining side of nanofiltration membrane 3, the per-meate side of nanofiltration membrane 3 is connected to the entrance retaining side of reverse osmosis membrane 5, on the pipeline of the connection between nanofiltration membrane 3 and reverse osmosis membrane 5, be also provided with dilute sulphuric acid storage tank 4.The pipeline of the entrance of ceramic membrane 2, nanofiltration membrane 3, reverse osmosis membrane 5 is all provided with charging pump for carrying feed liquid.The per-meate side of ceramic membrane 2 also arranges back-purge system 6, for adopting infiltration water, backflush process is carried out to ceramic membrane 2, eliminate cake layer fouling membrane, the effect of dilute sulphuric acid storage tank 4 makes by its acidifying after obtaining nanofiltration penetrating fluid, then carry out thickening filtration process by reverse osmosis membrane 5.
embodiment 1
Ion type rareearth ore waste water is pumped into (equalizing tank now has clarification concurrently, to remove oarse-grained solid) ceramic membrane equipment from equalizing tank, and the removal carrying out suspended substance is filtered.It is 0.2MPa that ceramic membrane controls at pressure, and crossflow velocity is 3m/s, temperature normal temperature, and the material of ceramic membrane is zirconium white, and mean pore size is 0.2 μm; Ceramic membrane is with the technique that regularly recoils, and recoil time 5s, recoil cycle 30min; Operation adopts the operation of continuous constant flow, when the solid content in dope reaches wt3%, carries out permanent cycles of concentration filtration.In the clear liquid of ceramic membrane, suspended substance solid content is at below 0.5NTU, meets the requirement into nanofiltration membrane and reverse osmosis membrane.
The clear liquid of ceramic membrane is pumped into the separation carrying out rare earth ion in nanofiltration membrane.Nanofiltration membrane adopts constant flow operation, and controlling cycles of concentration is 15, and pressure is at 1.0 ~ 1.5MPa.Now nanofiltration membrane clear liquid Rare Earth Ion (in REO) very low (about <0.005g/L).When the clear liquid dilute sulphuric acid of nanofiltration membrane is adjusted to pH=4, is again pumped in reverse osmosis membrane and carries out the removal of ammonia nitrogen and the recovery of ammonium sulfate.Reverse osmosis also adopts constant flow to operate, control cycles of concentration be 15 times, pressure at 1.5 ~ 2MPa, the pH=4 of feed liquid.
The dope of nanofiltration membrane is then rich in rare earth ion and can reaches 0.75g/L, turns back to recovering rare earth in rare-earth precipitation technique.Ammonia-nitrogen content in the clear liquid of reverse osmosis reaches below 15ppm, and can discharge or reuse, and in dope, ammonium sulfate reaches, 2 g/L get back in leaching technology with leaching agent reuse.
embodiment 2
Ion type rareearth ore waste water is pumped into (equalizing tank now has clarification concurrently, to remove oarse-grained solid) ceramic membrane equipment from equalizing tank, and the removal carrying out suspended substance is filtered.It is 0.2MPa that ceramic membrane controls at pressure, and crossflow velocity is 2m/s, temperature normal temperature, and the material of ceramic membrane is zirconium white, and mean pore size is 0.05 μm; Ceramic membrane is with the technique that regularly recoils, and recoil time 5s, recoil cycle 45min; Operation adopts the operation of continuous constant flow, when the solid content in dope reaches wt3.3%, carries out permanent cycles of concentration filtration.In the clear liquid of ceramic membrane, suspended substance solid content is at below 0.5NTU, meets the requirement into nanofiltration membrane and reverse osmosis membrane.
The clear liquid of ceramic membrane is pumped into the separation carrying out rare earth ion in nanofiltration membrane.Nanofiltration membrane adopts constant flow operation, controlling cycles of concentration is 20, pressure is at 1 ~ 1.5MPa, now nanofiltration membrane clear liquid Rare Earth Ion (in REO) very low (about <0.005g/L), and the rare earth ion content in concentrated solution can reach 1.0 g/L, get back to recovering rare earth in rare-earth precipitation technique.
When the clear liquid dilute sulphuric acid of nanofiltration membrane is adjusted to pH=4, is again pumped in reverse osmosis membrane and carries out the removal of ammonia nitrogen and the recovery of ammonium sulfate.Reverse osmosis also adopts constant flow to operate, and controlling cycles of concentration is 20 times, and pressure is at 1.5 ~ 2.0MPa.Ammonia-nitrogen content in the clear liquid of now reverse osmosis reaches below 15ppm, can discharge or reuse, and in dope, ammonium sulfate reaches 2.38g/L and gets back in leaching technology with leaching agent reuse.
embodiment 3
By ion type rareearth ore waste water from after quartz filter carries out pre-filtering, then enter in ceramic membrane equipment, the removal carrying out suspended substance is filtered.It is 0.2MPa that ceramic membrane controls at pressure, and crossflow velocity is 2.5m/s, temperature normal temperature, and the material of ceramic membrane is zirconium white, and mean pore size is 0.05 μm; Ceramic membrane is with the technique that regularly recoils, and recoil time 5s, recoil cycle 30min; Operation adopts the operation of continuous constant flow, when the solid content in dope reaches wt3.8%, carries out permanent cycles of concentration filtration (diafiltration).In the clear liquid of ceramic membrane, suspended substance solid content is at below 0.5NTU, meets the requirement into nanofiltration membrane and reverse osmosis membrane.
The clear liquid of ceramic membrane is pumped into the separation carrying out rare earth ion in nanofiltration membrane.Nanofiltration membrane adopts constant flow operation, controlling cycles of concentration is 25, pressure is at 1.5 ~ 2MPa, now nanofiltration membrane clear liquid Rare Earth Ion (in REO) very low (about <0.005g/L), and the rare earth ion content in concentrated solution can reach 1.3 g/L, get back to recovering rare earth in rare-earth precipitation technique.
When the clear liquid dilute sulphuric acid of nanofiltration membrane is adjusted to pH=4, is again pumped in reverse osmosis membrane and carries out the removal of ammonia nitrogen and the recovery of ammonium sulfate.Reverse osmosis also adopts constant flow to operate, and controlling cycles of concentration is 25 times, and pressure is at 2 ~ 2.50MPa.Ammonia-nitrogen content in the clear liquid of now reverse osmosis reaches below 15ppm, can discharge or reuse, and in dope, ammonium sulfate reaches 2.62g/L and gets back in leaching technology with leaching agent reuse.
embodiment 4
By ion type rareearth ore waste water from after quartz filter carries out pre-filtering, then enter in ceramic membrane equipment, the removal carrying out suspended substance is filtered.It is 0.3MPa that ceramic membrane controls at pressure, and crossflow velocity is 3m/s, temperature normal temperature, and the material of ceramic membrane is zirconium white, and mean pore size is 0.02 μm; Ceramic membrane is with the technique that regularly recoils, and recoil time 5s, recoil cycle 30min; Operation adopts the operation of continuous constant flow, when the solid content in dope reaches wt3.2%, carries out permanent cycles of concentration filtration (diafiltration).In the clear liquid of ceramic membrane, suspended substance solid content is at below 0.5NTU, meets the requirement into nanofiltration membrane and reverse osmosis membrane.
The clear liquid of ceramic membrane is pumped into the separation carrying out rare earth ion in nanofiltration membrane.Nanofiltration membrane adopts constant flow operation, controlling cycles of concentration is 20, pressure is at 1.5 ~ 2MPa, now nanofiltration membrane clear liquid Rare Earth Ion (in REO) very low (about <0.005g/L), and the rare earth ion content in concentrated solution can reach 1.25 g/L, get back to recovering rare earth in rare-earth precipitation technique.
When the clear liquid dilute sulphuric acid of nanofiltration membrane is adjusted to pH=4, is again pumped in reverse osmosis membrane and carries out the removal of ammonia nitrogen and the recovery of ammonium sulfate.Reverse osmosis also adopts constant flow to operate, and controlling cycles of concentration is 30 times, and pressure is at 3 ~ 3.50MPa.Ammonia-nitrogen content in the clear liquid of now reverse osmosis reaches below 15ppm, can discharge or reuse, and in dope, ammonium sulfate reaches 3.34g/L and gets back in leaching technology with leaching agent reuse.

Claims (6)

1. an ion type rareearth mine wastewater membrane isolation technique treatment unit, it is characterized in that, include the pre-knot screen (1), the ceramic membrane (2) that connect successively, the per-meate side of ceramic membrane (2) is connected to the entrance retaining side of nanofiltration membrane (3), the per-meate side of nanofiltration membrane (3) is connected to the entrance retaining side of reverse osmosis membrane (5), on the pipeline of the connection between nanofiltration membrane (3) and reverse osmosis membrane (5), be also provided with dilute sulphuric acid storage tank (4).
2. a kind of ion type rareearth mine according to claim 1 wastewater membrane isolation technique treatment unit, is characterized in that: described pre-knot screen (1) is charcoal filter device or sand filtering device.
3. a kind of ion type rareearth mine according to claim 1 wastewater membrane isolation technique treatment unit, is characterized in that: the material of ceramic membrane (2) is selected from aluminum oxide, zirconium white or titanium oxide.
4. a kind of ion type rareearth mine according to claim 1 wastewater membrane isolation technique treatment unit, is characterized in that: the mean pore size scope of ceramic membrane (2) is 0.02 ~ 0.2 μm.
5. a kind of ion type rareearth mine according to claim 1 wastewater membrane isolation technique treatment unit, is characterized in that: the per-meate side of ceramic membrane (2) is also connected with back-purge system (6).
6. a kind of ion type rareearth mine according to claim 1 wastewater membrane isolation technique treatment unit, is characterized in that: the material of reverse osmosis membrane (5) is selected from cellulose acetate, nitrocellulose, ethyl cellulose, polysulfonamides or aromatic polyamide.
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104291483A (en) * 2014-09-22 2015-01-21 江苏久吾高科技股份有限公司 Treatment method and device of ionic rare-earth mine wastewater by employing membrane separation technology
CN105776661A (en) * 2016-04-12 2016-07-20 包头稀土研究院 Method for treating rare earth industrial waste water through membrane
CN106044951A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-10-26 江苏久吾高科技股份有限公司 Recycling method and device of industrial acidic wastewater
CN112028284A (en) * 2020-09-06 2020-12-04 陈春妮 Device and method for removing iodine in acid wastewater of tail washing system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104291483A (en) * 2014-09-22 2015-01-21 江苏久吾高科技股份有限公司 Treatment method and device of ionic rare-earth mine wastewater by employing membrane separation technology
CN104291483B (en) * 2014-09-22 2016-03-09 江苏久吾高科技股份有限公司 A kind of ion type rareearth mine wastewater membrane isolation technique treatment process and device
CN105776661A (en) * 2016-04-12 2016-07-20 包头稀土研究院 Method for treating rare earth industrial waste water through membrane
CN106044951A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-10-26 江苏久吾高科技股份有限公司 Recycling method and device of industrial acidic wastewater
CN112028284A (en) * 2020-09-06 2020-12-04 陈春妮 Device and method for removing iodine in acid wastewater of tail washing system

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