CN204146111U - The solar energy soil heating system of automatic control greenhouse by solar heat - Google Patents

The solar energy soil heating system of automatic control greenhouse by solar heat Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204146111U
CN204146111U CN201420291870.4U CN201420291870U CN204146111U CN 204146111 U CN204146111 U CN 204146111U CN 201420291870 U CN201420291870 U CN 201420291870U CN 204146111 U CN204146111 U CN 204146111U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar
feed pipe
pressurization
gate valve
heater
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420291870.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
石建业
任生兰
石刚
石磊
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Dingxi City Jin Yuan Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Dingxi City Jin Yuan Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420291870.4U priority Critical patent/CN204146111U/en
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Publication of CN204146111U publication Critical patent/CN204146111U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The utility model relates to solar energy soil heating system, and be specially the solar energy soil heating system automatically controlling greenhouse by solar heat, it comprises solar heater (2), pressurization control hinge (6), ground heating tube (7); Described pressurization control hinge (6) inside is provided with pressurization cycle pump (4), feed pipe (5), return pipe gate valve (8), and pressurization cycle pump (4) one end is connected with feed pipe (5), the other end is connected with solar heater (2) by return pipe (3); The other end of described feed pipe (5) is connected with running water pipe; Pressurization cycle pump (4) is connected crosspoint lower end with feed pipe (5) is connected with heating tube (7) one end, ground by feed pipe gate valve (10); The other end of described ground heating tube (7) is connected with solar heater (2) by return pipe gate valve (8).Its beneficial effect is: structure is simple, easy to operate, improve soil temperature, promote plant growth, improve crop yield.

Description

The solar energy soil heating system of automatic control greenhouse by solar heat
Technical field
The utility model relates to the technical field of solar energy soil heating system, is specially the solar energy soil heating system automatically controlling greenhouse by solar heat.
Background technology
Utilize greenhouse to carry out Vegetable produce, not only can alleviate northern area winter vegetable for, and higher economic benefit can also be obtained.The production of winter greenhouse vegetables has become the effective way that peasant builds up the family fortunes.Because the Changes in weather in winter is complicated, if do not strengthened the management of greenhouse vegetable, want to obtain high-yield and high-efficiency just more difficult.Because in greenhouse, soil temperature is lower, have a strong impact on plant growth, especially in the coldest season, root system is caused to stop growing because ground temperature is too low, even cause freeze injury dead, the highest stage rate of agricultural product price in winter is not high, larger to hothouse production Efficiency; And existing solar heating system is all arranged on the outside in greenhouse, be that the air in greenhouse is heated, ensure that plant can not be freezed to death in the winter of cold, but it directly can not heat to the root of plant, prevents the growth of plant.
As everyone knows, soil heat capacity is larger than the heat capacity of air, so under same heating-up temperature, heat required for soil warming is many, and soil temperature not easily raises, and the heat capacity of air is minimum, the temperature of air easily raises, so add the temperature in greenhouse greatly, make warm indoor air temperature can be too high, sometimes even can burn the stem of plant, leaf to death.
Therefore, in order to solve problem described above, we have studied a kind of greenhouse by solar heat solar energy soil heating system, it belongs to the application technical research of solar energy clean energy resource agriculture field, utilize solar thermal collector to absorb and heat energy storage, with automatically control, automatic circulating system and the radiating tube be embedded in soil be interconnected composition.Radiating tube is arranged on 35-40cm place under greenhouse soil plow layer, buries underground according to chamber planting Plants line-spacing, ensures to improve heat utilization ratio to greatest extent.The cycle water automatic transport heated by solar thermal collector by automatic control system maincenter and supercharging device is to radiating tube, by exchange heat in greenhouse soil, thus improve soil temperature, promote plant growth, improve output, realize the annual high-quality plantation in greenhouse.Greenhouse by solar heat solar energy soil heating system is equipped with electric energy assisted heating device simultaneously, utilizes electric energy heat cycles at continuous cloudy snow weather, effectively ensure that soil heating requirements under extreme weather.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide the solar energy soil heating system that a kind of structure is simple, easy to operate, improve soil temperature, promote plant growth, improve crop yield, realize the automatic control greenhouse by solar heat of the annual high-quality plantation in greenhouse.
In order to realize described object, the utility model specifically adopts following technical scheme:
The solar energy soil heating system of automatic control greenhouse by solar heat, comprises electric heater 1, solar heater 2, return pipe 3, pressurization cycle pump 4, feed pipe 5, pressurization control hinge 6, ground heating tube 7, return pipe gate valve 8, back water pump 9, feed pipe gate valve 10, automatic control system 11, water inlet pipe 12.Described pressurization control hinge 6 inside is provided with pressurization cycle pump 4, feed pipe 5, return pipe gate valve 8, and pressurization cycle pump 4 one end is connected with feed pipe 5, and the other end is connected with solar heater 2 by return pipe 3, water inlet pipe 12; The other end of described feed pipe 5 is connected with running water pipe; Described pressurization cycle pump 4 is connected crosspoint lower end with feed pipe 5 is connected with heating tube 7 one end, ground by feed pipe gate valve 10; The other end of described ground heating tube 7 is connected with solar heater 2 by back water pump 9, return pipe gate valve 8.It is characterized in that: described ground heating tube 7 is embedded in 35cm place under crop root, its wide row 80cm, narrow row 40cm.
Described solar heater 2 is connected with electric heater 1.
Be connected with solar heater 2 by automatic control system 11 on the right side of described pressurization control hinge 6.
The utility model controls the solar energy soil heating system of greenhouse by solar heat automatically, and described pressurization cycle pump 4 one end is connected with feed pipe 5, and the other end is connected with solar heater 2 by return pipe 3; The other end of described feed pipe 5 is connected with running water pipe, and solar heater 2 is connected with electric heater 1, ensure that continuously the soil heating requirements of cloudy snow weather; Described ground heating tube 7 is embedded in 35cm place under crop root, its wide row 80cm, narrow row 40cm, and the people after solar energy is transformed can be fully utilized; Be provided with automatic control system between described pressurization control hinge 6 and solar heater 2, the heat energy of solar absorption is transported in soil timely.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are.
1) solar heater described in is connected with electric heater, and ensure that continuously the soil heating requirements of cloudy snow weather, it has two heaters, ensure that temperature constant in winter greenhouse.
2) the ground heating tube described in is embedded in 35cm place under crop root, its wide row 80cm, narrow row 40cm, and the heat energy after solar energy is transformed is fully utilized.
3) be provided with automatic control system between the pressurization control hinge described in and solar heater, the heat energy of solar absorption is transported in soil timely, save the energy, environmental protection.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
In figure: electric heater 1, solar heater 2, return pipe 3, pressurization cycle pump 4, feed pipe 5, pressurization control hinge 6, ground heating tube 7, return pipe gate valve 8, back water pump 9, feed pipe gate valve 10, automatic control system 11, water inlet pipe 12.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 1, structure of the present utility model and beneficial effect thereof are further illustrated.
Embodiment 1
The solar energy soil heating system of automatic control greenhouse by solar heat, as shown in Figure 1, comprises electric heater 1, solar heater 2, return pipe 3, pressurization cycle pump 4, feed pipe 5, pressurization control hinge 6, ground heating tube 7, return pipe gate valve 8; Described pressurization control hinge 6 inside is provided with pressurization cycle pump 4, feed pipe 5, return pipe gate valve 8, and pressurization cycle pump 4 one end is connected with feed pipe 5, and the other end is connected with solar heater 2 by return pipe 3, water inlet pipe 12; The other end of described feed pipe 5 is connected with running water pipe; Described pressurization cycle pump 4 is connected crosspoint lower end with feed pipe 5 is connected with heating tube 7 one end, ground by feed pipe gate valve 10; The other end of described ground heating tube 7 is connected with solar heater 2 by return pipe gate valve 8.
Described solar heater 2 is connected with electric heater 1.
Described pressurization control hinge 6 side is connected with solar heater 2 by automatic control system 11.
Described automatic control system 11 is made up of cooling-water temperature sensor, temperature controller, steam control valve.
Described ground heating tube 7 is embedded in 35cm place under crop root, its wide row 80cm, narrow row 40cm.
When fine day works, open automatic control system 11, its time is set, first time, when using, is first given and injects cold water in solar heater 2, when filling cold water in solar heater 2 by running water pipe, feed pipe 5, regulate feed pipe gate valve 10, make running water pipe stop supplying water; After being heated by solar heater 2, its water temperature 2 DEG C, then water flows into heating tube 7 inside, ground by another outlet of pressurization cycle pump 4, water inlet pipe 12, feed pipe gate valve 10; Then, after the cooling of heating tube 7 inside, ground, cold water is got back to heater 2 by return pipe gate valve 8, return pipe 3 by back water pump 9 and is heated by it, and circulate this step successively; It promotes crop production, improves output, can improve greenhouse air temperature simultaneously.
In heating process, by the variations in temperature of sensor sensing solar heater 2, if the too high cooling-water temperature sensor of temperature senses, then control a low power steam control valve by-pass cock by cooling-water temperature sensor, temperature controller and close, solar heater 2 stops heating; If warm indoor temperature is too low, controls a low power steam control valve by-pass cock open by cooling-water temperature sensor, temperature controller, solar heater 2 starts heating.
Embodiment 2
The solar energy soil heating system of automatic control greenhouse by solar heat, its concrete structure as described in Example 1.
When snow sky works continuously, due to solar heater 2 cisco unity malfunction, so open the electric heater 1 of solar heater 2 connection, then carry out operating with this step according to embodiment 1.
In heating process, by the variations in temperature of sensor sensing solar heater 2, if the too high cooling-water temperature sensor of temperature senses, then control a low power steam control valve by-pass cock by cooling-water temperature sensor, temperature controller and close, electric heater 1 stops heating; If warm indoor temperature is too low, controls a low power steam control valve by-pass cock open by cooling-water temperature sensor, temperature controller, electric heater 1 starts heating.

Claims (3)

1. automatically control the solar energy soil heating system of greenhouse by solar heat, comprise electric heater (1), solar heater (2), return pipe (3), pressurization cycle pump (4), feed pipe (5), pressurization control hinge (6), ground heating tube (7), return pipe gate valve (8), back water pump (9), feed pipe gate valve (10), automatic control system (11), water inlet pipe (12); Described pressurization control hinge (6) inside is provided with pressurization cycle pump (4), feed pipe (5), return pipe gate valve (8), and pressurization cycle pump (4) one end is connected with feed pipe (5), the other end is connected with solar heater (2) by return pipe (3), water inlet pipe (12); The other end of described feed pipe (5) is connected with running water pipe; Described pressurization cycle pump (4) is connected crosspoint lower end with feed pipe (5) is connected with heating tube (7) one end, ground by feed pipe gate valve (10); The other end of described ground heating tube (7) is connected with solar heater (2) by back water pump (9), return pipe gate valve (8); It is characterized in that: described ground heating tube (7) is embedded in 35cm place under crop root, its wide row 80cm, narrow row 40cm.
2. automatically control the solar energy soil heating system of greenhouse by solar heat according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described solar heater (2) is connected with electric heater (1).
3. automatically control the solar energy soil heating system of greenhouse by solar heat according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described pressurization control hinge (6) side is connected with solar heater (2) by automatic control system.
CN201420291870.4U 2014-06-04 2014-06-04 The solar energy soil heating system of automatic control greenhouse by solar heat Expired - Fee Related CN204146111U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420291870.4U CN204146111U (en) 2014-06-04 2014-06-04 The solar energy soil heating system of automatic control greenhouse by solar heat

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420291870.4U CN204146111U (en) 2014-06-04 2014-06-04 The solar energy soil heating system of automatic control greenhouse by solar heat

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204146111U true CN204146111U (en) 2015-02-11

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103988735A (en) * 2014-06-04 2014-08-20 定西市金源农业发展有限责任公司 Solar soil heating system for automatically controlling solar greenhouse

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103988735A (en) * 2014-06-04 2014-08-20 定西市金源农业发展有限责任公司 Solar soil heating system for automatically controlling solar greenhouse

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150211

Termination date: 20160604