CN204146047U - The special grain header of base of leaf class vegetables - Google Patents

The special grain header of base of leaf class vegetables Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204146047U
CN204146047U CN201420311253.6U CN201420311253U CN204146047U CN 204146047 U CN204146047 U CN 204146047U CN 201420311253 U CN201420311253 U CN 201420311253U CN 204146047 U CN204146047 U CN 204146047U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vegetables
cutter
cutting teeth
box
frame
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420311253.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐少华
缪明
陈建华
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NANTONG AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE
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NANTONG AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE
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Priority to CN201420311253.6U priority Critical patent/CN204146047U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204146047U publication Critical patent/CN204146047U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses the special grain header of a kind of base of leaf class vegetables, be made up of 10 parts such as operator barre, vegetables collecting box, fast pulley, engine, change gear box, fan blower, cutting teeth roller box, cutter, frame, floating rollers.This device adopts front-wheel to be floating roller, and trailing wheel is fast pulley, and forerunner can make reaping machine compact overall structure, and can effectively ensure that reaping machine linearly travels, and does not depart from growing vegetables field.The output shaft of this device cutting teeth roller box is connected with cutter by hydraulic stem, such cutter height, adjustable angle, leafy vegetable carpet type can be cut off, and ensures that leafy vegetable results are clean.This device has the advantages such as structure is simple, operating maintenance is convenient.The research of this apparatus design for improve vegetables results operating efficiency, reduce labour intensity, promote the process of growing vegetables entire mechanization, accelerate the paces that China's efficient facility agricultural advances and have very important meaning.

Description

The special grain header of base of leaf class vegetables
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural machinery, particularly the special grain header of a kind of base of leaf class vegetables.
Background technology
China is Vegetable produce big country of the world, along with the adjustment of the structure of rural undertaking and the development of vegetables industry, day by day urgent to the demand of Vegetable produce machinery.In recent years, vegetable production in green house is nationwide, and grow seedlings of vegetable transplanting obtains important breakthrough, and irrigation and plant protection technology are advanced by leaps and bounds, but the mechanization of vegetables results link is made slow progress, and particularly the harvesting mechanization of leafy vegetable still belongs to blank.2008, sowing of vegetable area was increased to 1.864 × 108 hm2, and annual with 7% speed increment.Wherein, the sowing area of leaf vegetables crop is 6.057 × 107 hm2, accounts for 32.5% of total sowing area, and output accounts for 30.5% of vegetables gross yield.Recently, along with China's rapid development of economy, the demand of the numerous common people to fresh vegetables rises year by year, and drug in some provinces fresh vegetables dish valency is high, supply falls short of demand, return its reason mainly vegetable grower can not in time field vegetables be gathered in the crops.In the results and process of whole leafy vegetable, results account for more than 60% of the whole operation amount of labour with processing operation.The quality of harvest operation quality directly has influence on the storage of vegetables, processing and sale, thus affects the market price and economic benefit.Due to the complexity of harvest operation, the automaticity of harvest operation is also very low.At present, the harvest operation of domestic leaf vegetables still relies on and manually completes, and need ceaselessly to bend over, labour intensity is large.Therefore, develop mechanized harvest technology, research and development leaf vegetables harvest machinery is significant.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, the utility model provides the special grain header of a kind of base of leaf class vegetables, the special grain header of these base of leaf class vegetables, simple structure, easy to use and can greatly raise the efficiency.
The technical scheme adopted for solving the problems of the technologies described above the utility model is: be made up of vegetable harvesting part, vegetables collection part and travelling control part.
Further described travelling control part comprises: frame, two floating rollers, two fast pulleys and operator barres; Described frame is the rectangular frame structure that four metal pipe materials consist of the mode of global formation; The two ends on any long limit of described frame, adopt fixed form to be connected to floating roller by " L " type angle bar, the two ends on another long limit are then connected to fast pulley by fixed form; Described frame is also connected with an operator barre, by bolt, operator barre is fixed on two minor faces of frame.
Further described vegetable harvesting part comprises: engine, change gear box, cutting teeth roller box and cutter; The output shaft of described engine is connected with the power shaft of change gear box; The output shaft of described change gear box is connected with cutting teeth box input shaft; The output shaft of described cutting teeth roller box is connected with cutter by hydraulic stem.
Further described cutting teeth roller box is made up of bent axle and cam, is integrated in cutting teeth roller box inner; Described cutter comprises cutter and bottom knife, and cutter is connected with cam with bent axle respectively with bottom knife, and the shape of described cutter and bottom knife is zigzag, and length is 1.0m ~ 1.2m.
Further described vegetables collection unit is divided and is comprised: fan blower and vegetables collecting box; The power shaft of described fan blower is connected with the output shaft of engine, and fan blower adopts fixed form to be arranged on cutting teeth roller box, and cutter is aimed in air port; Described vegetables collecting box is rectangular cavities, is arranged in frame by support bar, is positioned at below operator barre.
The annexation of further described travelling control part and vegetable harvesting part is: change gear box and the cutting teeth roller box of vegetable harvesting part are arranged on the frame centre position of travelling control part by fixed form.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1. this device adopts front-wheel to be floating roller, and trailing wheel is fast pulley, and forerunner can make reaping machine compact overall structure, and can effectively ensure that reaping machine linearly travels, and does not depart from growing vegetables field.
2. the output shaft of this device cutting teeth roller box is connected with cutter by hydraulic stem, such cutter height, adjustable angle, leafy vegetable carpet type can be cut off, and ensures that leafy vegetable results are clean.
3. the vegetables of this device results are neatly clean, reduce the workload that subsequent artefacts arranges, not only convenient and swift, and main clean hygiene does not pollute, to the edible secure effect of health.
4. this device has the advantages such as structure is simple, operating maintenance is convenient.
5. the research of this apparatus design for improve vegetables results operating efficiency, reduce labour intensity, promote the process of growing vegetables entire mechanization, accelerate the paces that China's efficient facility agricultural advances and have very important meaning.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is further illustrated.The special grain header of base of leaf class vegetables: be made up of vegetable harvesting part, vegetables collection part and travelling control part.
As shown in Figure 1, the structure of the special grain header of base of leaf class vegetables is: be made up of vegetable harvesting part, vegetables collection part and travelling control part.Travelling control part comprises: frame 9, two floating rollers 10, two fast pulleys 3 and operator barre 1.Frame 9 is the rectangular frame structure that four metal pipe materials consist of the mode of global formation.The two ends on any long limit of frame 9, fixed form is adopted to be connected to floating roller 10 by " L " type angle bar, the two ends on another long limit are then connected to fast pulley 3 by fixed form, make reaping machine compact overall structure, and can effectively ensure that reaping machine linearly travels, do not depart from growing vegetables field.Frame 9 is also connected with an operator barre 1, by bolt, operator barre 1 is fixed on two minor faces of frame 9.Vegetable harvesting part comprises: engine 4, change gear box 5, cutting teeth roller box 7 and cutter 8.The output shaft of engine 4 is connected with the power shaft of change gear box 5.The output shaft of change gear box 5 is connected with cutting teeth roller box 7 power shaft.The output shaft of cutting teeth roller box 7 is connected with cutter 8 by hydraulic stem, such cutter height, adjustable angle, leafy vegetable carpet type can be cut off, and ensures that leafy vegetable results are clean.Cutting teeth roller box 7 inside is made up of bent axle and cam, is integrated in cutting teeth roller box 7 inner.Cutter 8 comprises cutter and bottom knife, and cutter is connected with cam with bent axle respectively with bottom knife, and the shape of cutter and bottom knife is zigzag, and length is 1.0m ~ 1.2m.Vegetables collection unit is divided and is comprised: fan blower 6 and vegetables collecting box 2.The power shaft of fan blower 6 is connected with the output shaft of engine 4, and fan blower 6 adopts fixed form to be arranged on cutting teeth roller box 7, and cutter 8 is aimed in air port.Vegetables collecting box 2 is rectangular cavities, is arranged in frame 9 by support bar, is positioned at below operator barre 1.The annexation of travelling control part and vegetable harvesting part is: the change gear box 5 of vegetable harvesting part and cutting teeth roller box 7 are arranged on frame 9 centre position of travelling control part by fixed form.
The using state of the special grain header of base of leaf class vegetables: provide cutter 8 to gather in vegetables by engine 4 and the two aspect power gathering in vegetables collected by fan blower 6, utilizes timing gear roller box 5 to be adjusted to suitable speed to the rotating speed exported.Controlled the folding of cutter by effective cooperation of bent axle and cam, thus complete the harvesting work of vegetables.After vegetables are cut off by cutter, the blowhole that is fixed on cutter 8 front upper place is blown by the vegetables of cutting off and is received on vegetables collecting box 2 by vegetables.And then the vegetables of having gathered in are collected, finally complete the harvesting work of vegetables.

Claims (5)

1. the special grain header of base of leaf class vegetables, is characterized in that: be made up of vegetable harvesting part, vegetables collection part and travelling control part; Described travelling control part comprises: frame (9), two floating rollers (10), two fast pulleys (3) and operator barres (1); Described frame (9) is the rectangular frame structure that four metal pipe materials consist of the mode of global formation; The two ends on any long limit of described frame (9), adopt fixed form to be connected to floating roller (10) by " L " type angle bar, the two ends on another long limit are then connected to fast pulley (3) by fixed form; Described frame (9) is also connected with an operator barre (1), by bolt, operator barre (1) is fixed on two minor faces of frame (9).
2. the special grain header of base of leaf class vegetables according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described vegetable harvesting part comprises: engine (4), change gear box (5), cutting teeth roller box (7) and cutter (8); The output shaft of described engine (4) is connected with the power shaft of change gear box (5); The output shaft of described change gear box (5) is connected with cutting teeth roller box (7) power shaft; The output shaft of described cutting teeth roller box (7) is connected with cutter (8) by hydraulic stem.
3. the special grain header of base of leaf class vegetables according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described cutting teeth roller box (7) inside is made up of bent axle and cam, is integrated in cutting teeth roller box (7) inner; Described cutter (8) comprises cutter and bottom knife, and cutter is connected with cam with bent axle respectively with bottom knife; The shape of described cutter and bottom knife is zigzag, and length is 1.0m ~ 1.2m.
4. the special grain header of base of leaf class vegetables according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described vegetables collection unit is divided and comprised: fan blower (6) and vegetables collecting box (2); The power shaft of described fan blower (6) is connected with the output shaft of engine (4), and fan blower (6) adopts fixed form to be arranged on cutting teeth roller box (7), and cutter (8) is aimed in air port; Described vegetables collecting box (2) is rectangular cavities, is arranged in frame (9) by support bar, is positioned at operator barre (1) below.
5. the special grain header of base of leaf class vegetables according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the annexation of described travelling control part and vegetable harvesting part is: change gear box (5) and the cutting teeth roller box (7) of vegetable harvesting part are arranged on frame (9) centre position of travelling control part by fixed form.
CN201420311253.6U 2014-06-12 2014-06-12 The special grain header of base of leaf class vegetables Expired - Fee Related CN204146047U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420311253.6U CN204146047U (en) 2014-06-12 2014-06-12 The special grain header of base of leaf class vegetables

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420311253.6U CN204146047U (en) 2014-06-12 2014-06-12 The special grain header of base of leaf class vegetables

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108293410A (en) * 2018-05-04 2018-07-20 浙江中坚科技股份有限公司 A kind of cutterhead height stepless regulating mechanism
CN108391502A (en) * 2018-05-04 2018-08-14 浙江中坚科技股份有限公司 Cutterhead height stepless regulating mechanism
CN109845598A (en) * 2019-03-19 2019-06-07 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of stem leafy vegetable entire mechanization cultural method
CN111328534A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-06-26 宋丹 Water planting vegetables collection vehicle
CN111670758A (en) * 2020-07-20 2020-09-18 山东省农业技术推广总站 Mushroom is planted and is gathered auxiliary device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108293410A (en) * 2018-05-04 2018-07-20 浙江中坚科技股份有限公司 A kind of cutterhead height stepless regulating mechanism
CN108391502A (en) * 2018-05-04 2018-08-14 浙江中坚科技股份有限公司 Cutterhead height stepless regulating mechanism
CN109845598A (en) * 2019-03-19 2019-06-07 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of stem leafy vegetable entire mechanization cultural method
CN109845598B (en) * 2019-03-19 2021-05-25 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Whole-process mechanized cultivation method for stem-leaf vegetables
CN111328534A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-06-26 宋丹 Water planting vegetables collection vehicle
CN111670758A (en) * 2020-07-20 2020-09-18 山东省农业技术推广总站 Mushroom is planted and is gathered auxiliary device
CN111670758B (en) * 2020-07-20 2022-04-22 山东省农业技术推广中心 Mushroom is planted and is gathered auxiliary device

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150211

Termination date: 20150612

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model