CN204139530U - A kind of Novel pressure electric-type electricity-generating floor - Google Patents

A kind of Novel pressure electric-type electricity-generating floor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204139530U
CN204139530U CN201420548848.3U CN201420548848U CN204139530U CN 204139530 U CN204139530 U CN 204139530U CN 201420548848 U CN201420548848 U CN 201420548848U CN 204139530 U CN204139530 U CN 204139530U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed block
spring
hole
wire
piezoelectric
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CN201420548848.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈定方
沈威
刘红俊
张斯阳
曾琴
孙科
史晓花
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武汉理工大学
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Priority to CN201420548848.3U priority Critical patent/CN204139530U/en
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Publication of CN204139530U publication Critical patent/CN204139530U/en

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Abstract

A kind of Novel pressure electric-type electricity-generating floor, comprises generator unit and floor outer cover unit.The substrate masses of generator unit and spring bracing are fixed on casing, impact rod through the through hole on casing and the through hole on spring bracing.Spring housing is around impact rod, and spring is in compressive state all the time, through hole on the through hole that bolt all passes in substrate masses respectively and middle fixed block, the other end is connected with nut, connected by bolts and nuts between upper fixed block, middle fixed block, lower fixed block and can clamp four piezoelectric cantilever roots, piezoelectric cantilever end winding support has mass.The cover plate of floor outer cover unit is with base by being connected between column with hole, and spring housing is on the column of base, and spring bottom end is pressed in the bottom in base surrounding hole, and array of power generating units formula is arranged in base, and wire arrangements is in base.There is the advantage that structure is simple, handling ease, efficiency of energy collection are high.

Description

A kind of Novel pressure electric-type electricity-generating floor

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of TRT.Be specifically related to a kind of piezoelectric type electricity-generating floor.

Background technology

Energy problem is contemporary world very important theme, how fully to reclaim the energy and is also paid attention to widely thereupon.One of them new thinking is exactly gather people to trample road surface when walking and vehicle travels the vibrational energy produced on road surface, and vibrational energy is converted into electric energy, especially frequent in the Pedestrians and vehicles dealing of a lot of public places, road surface produces a lot of vibration mechanical energy, as railway terminal, pedestrian street, highway toll exit, if generating is reclaimed in these vibrations, then generated energy is very considerable, can provide electric energy for household electricity around the road surface such as street lamp, traffic lights consumer or street.Meanwhile, after piezoelectric type energy is collected in the research and development that experienced by decades, operation strategies is more and more extensive, but the research being used in road vibration collection of energy is relatively less.Piezoelectric type vibration collection of energy mode has not by electromagnetic interference, the simple advantage of structure compared with electromagnetic type, and in addition compared with solar energy type collection of energy mode, piezoelectric type energy collection mode has not by the advantage of the impact of weather.At present, domestic and international piezoelectric type electricity-generating floor mainly concentrates in the middle of the research of Cymbal type, and Cymbal formula piezoelectric energy collector unit structure is comparatively complicated, not easily process, efficiency of energy collection is lower.

Summary of the invention

The utility model, for solving prior art Problems existing, provides the Novel pressure electric-type electricity-generating floor that a kind of structure is simple, handling ease, efficiency of energy collection are high.

For achieving the above object, the utility model adopt technical scheme be:

Comprise generator unit and floor outer cover unit.

Generator unit comprises piezoelectric cantilever, casing, mass, impact rod, spring bracing, spring one, nut one, middle fixed block, spring two, substrate masses, bolt one, bolt two, upper fixed block one, upper fixed block two, lower fixed block one, lower fixed block two, nut two.Substrate masses and spring bracing are fixed on casing, and impact rod through the through hole on casing and the through hole on spring bracing, impacting rod with the through hole on casing, spring bracing is matched in clearance.Spring one is enclosed within and impacts rod around, and spring one is in compressive state all the time, bolt one has two, through hole on the through hole all passed in substrate masses respectively and middle fixed block, the other end of bolt one is connected with nut one, through hole in bolt one and substrate masses is matched in clearance, on bolt one and middle fixed block through hole be interference fits.Spring two is enclosed within around bolt one, and bolt two has two, the through hole all passed on fixed block one, upper fixed block two, middle fixed block, lower fixed block one, lower fixed block two respectively, and bolt two and these through holes are all matched in clearance.The other end of bolt two is connected with nut two, can clamp four piezoelectric cantilever roots by bolt two and the connection of nut two between upper fixed block one, upper fixed block two, middle fixed block, lower fixed block one, lower fixed block two, piezoelectric cantilever end winding support has mass.

Floor outer cover unit comprises cover plate, base, spring three, wire three, wire four, cover plate four angles one have the column of four similar latches, base four angles one have four holes, cover plate and base are by being connected between column with hole, spring three is enclosed within the column of base, spring three bottom is pressed in the bottom in base surrounding hole, array of power generating units formula is arranged in base, wire three, wire four are also arranged in base, the wire one that piezoelectric cantilever upper end is drawn is connected with wire three, and the wire two that piezoelectric cantilever upper end is drawn is connected with wire four.

Described piezoelectric cantilever comprises piezoelectric patches, substrate sheet, lower piezoelectric sheet, wire one, wire two, as shown in Figure 8, upper piezoelectric patches is bonded in substrate sheet upper end, and lower piezoelectric sheet is bonded in substrate sheet lower end, wire one is bonded in piezoelectric patches upper end, and wire two is bonded in lower piezoelectric sheet lower end.

Described upper piezoelectric patches and lower piezoelectric sheet are piezoelectric ceramics.

The material of described mass is nickel.

The utility model, owing to have employed said structure, has the advantage that structure is simple, handling ease, efficiency of energy collection are high.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the utility model generator unit structural representation.

Fig. 2 is A-A sectional view.

Fig. 3 is the utility model generator unit internal construction schematic diagram.

Fig. 4 is the structural representation that the utility model impacts rod.

Fig. 5 is the utility model stereoscopic schematic diagram.

Fig. 6 is the utility model schematic front view.

Fig. 7 is the sectional view of the utility model cover plate and base coupling part.

Fig. 8 is the utility model Piezoelectric Cantilever Beams schematic diagram.

Fig. 9 is the utility model generator unit arrangement diagram in the base.

In figure: 0. cover plate, 1. base, 2. casing, 3. mass, 4. impacts rod, 5. spring bracing, 6. spring one, 7. nut one, 8. middle fixed block, 9. spring two, 10. substrate masses, 11. bolts one, 12. bolts two, fixed block one on 13., fixed block two on 14., 15. times fixed blocks, one, 16. times fixed block two, 17. nuts two, 18. spring three, 100. piezoelectric cantilevers, piezoelectric patches on 101., 102. substrate sheet, 103. lower piezoelectric sheets, 104. wire one, 105. wires two, 106. wire three, 107. wires four.

Detailed description of the invention

As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, comprise generator unit and floor outer cover unit.Generator unit comprises piezoelectric cantilever 100, casing 2, mass 3, impact rod 4, spring bracing 5, spring 1, nut 1, middle fixed block 8, spring 29, substrate masses 10, bolt 1, bolt 2 12, upper fixed block 1, upper fixed block 2 14, lower fixed block 1, lower fixed block 2 16, nut 2 17, substrate masses 10 is fixed on casing 2, and spring bracing 5 is fixed on casing 2, impacts rod 4 through the through hole on casing 2 and the through hole on spring bracing 5, impacts rod 4 and casing 2, through hole on spring bracing 5 is matched in clearance, spring 1 is enclosed within and impacts around rod 4, and spring 1 is in compressive state all the time, bolt 1 has two, through hole on the through hole all passed in substrate masses 10 respectively and middle fixed block 8, bolt 1 is connected with nut 1 at the other end, through hole in bolt 1 and substrate masses 10 is matched in clearance, on bolt 1 and middle fixed block 8 through hole be interference fits, spring 29 is enclosed within around bolt 1, bolt 2 12 has two, all passes fixed block 1 respectively, upper fixed block 2 14, middle fixed block 8, lower fixed block 1, through hole on lower fixed block 2 16, bolt 2 12 and these through holes are all matched in clearance, and bolt 2 12 is connected with nut 2 17 at the other end, upper fixed block 1, upper fixed block 2 14, middle fixed block 8, lower fixed block 1, can clamp four piezoelectric cantilever 100 roots by bolt 2 12 and the connection of nut 2 17 between lower fixed block 2 16, piezoelectric cantilever 100 end winding support has mass 3.

Piezoelectric cantilever 100 comprises piezoelectric patches 101, substrate sheet 102, lower piezoelectric sheet 103, wire 1, wire 2 105, as shown in Figure 8, upper piezoelectric patches is bonded in substrate sheet 102 upper end, lower piezoelectric sheet 103 is bonded in substrate sheet 102 lower end, wire 1 is bonded in piezoelectric patches 101 upper end, and wire 2 105 is bonded in lower piezoelectric sheet 103 lower end.

Upper piezoelectric patches 101 in piezoelectric cantilever 100 and lower piezoelectric sheet 102 are piezoelectric ceramics.

The material of mass 3 is nickel.

Floor outer cover unit comprises cover plate 0, base 1, spring 3 18, wire 3 106, wire 4 107, cover plate 0 four angles one have the column of four similar latches, base 1 four angles one have four holes, cover plate 0 and base 1 by being connected between column with hole, as shown in Figure 7.Spring 3 18 is enclosed within the column of base 1, spring 3 18 bottom is pressed in the bottom in base 1 surrounding hole, array of power generating units formula is arranged in base 1, wire 3 106, wire 4 107 are also arranged in base 1, the wire 1 that piezoelectric cantilever 100 upper end is drawn is connected with wire 3 106, and the wire 2 105 that piezoelectric cantilever 100 upper end is drawn is connected with wire 4 107.

The course of work of the present utility model is as follows:

The utility model outward appearance as shown in Figure 5.As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 6 shows, when pedestrian tramples or vehicle drives to cover plate 0, by cover plate 0 to pressing down, the cover plate 0 moved downward press against and impacts rod 4, make to impact rod 4 also to move downward, then fixed block 8 in the middle of rod 4 impact is impacted, after pedestrian tramples or vehicle runs over cover plate 0, cover plate 0 lifts, and due to the restoring force effect of spring 1, also make to impact rod 4 and be upwards returned to original position, pedestrian tramples or the vehicle process travelled once just makes to impact fixed block 8 in the middle of rod 4 impact once.

When after fixed block 8 in the middle of impact rod 4 impacted, middle fixed block 8 can carry out up-down vibration under the active force of spring 29, due to bolt 2 12 and the connection of nut 2 17, so middle fixed block 8 and upper fixed block 1, upper fixed block 2 14, lower fixed block 1, lower fixed block 2 16 link into an integrated entity closely, also make vibration can be delivered to piezoelectric cantilever 100 part.

As shown in Figure 8, when piezoelectric cantilever 100 vibrates, upper piezoelectric patches 101 and the bending generation alternating current of lower piezoelectric sheet 103, carry out collected current by wire 1 and wire 2 105.

As shown in Figure 9, array of power generating units shape is arranged in base 1, when pedestrian tramples or vehicle runs over, cause piezoelectric cantilever 100 vibrating power-generation, and the wire 1 on all piezoelectric cantilevers 100 is connected with wire 3 106, wire 2 105 on all piezoelectric cantilevers 100 is connected with wire 4 107, therefore wire 3 106 and wire 4 107 have collected the alternating current that all piezoelectric cantilevers 100 produce, DC current is converted to again by rectifier bridge, for corresponding consumer is powered, do not repeat herein.

Claims (3)

1. a Novel pressure electric-type electricity-generating floor, is characterized in that: comprise generator unit and floor outer cover unit;
Generator unit comprises piezoelectric cantilever (100), casing (2), mass (3), impact rod (4), spring bracing (5), spring one (6), nut one (7), middle fixed block (8), spring two (9), substrate masses (10), bolt one (11), bolt two (12), upper fixed block one (13), upper fixed block two (14), lower fixed block one (15), lower fixed block two (16), nut two (17), substrate masses (10) and spring bracing (5) are fixed on casing (2), impact rod (4) through the through hole on the through hole on casing (2) and spring bracing (5), impacting rod (4) with the through hole on casing (2), spring bracing (5) is matched in clearance, spring one (6) is enclosed within and impacts rod (4) around, and spring one (6) is in compressive state all the time, bolt one (11) has two, through hole on the through hole all passed in substrate masses (10) respectively and middle fixed block (8), the other end of bolt one (11) is connected with nut one (7), through hole in bolt one (11) and substrate masses (10) is matched in clearance, on bolt one (11) and middle fixed block (8) through hole be interference fits, spring two (9) is enclosed within bolt one (11) around, bolt two (12) has two, the through hole all passed on fixed block one (13), upper fixed block two (14), middle fixed block (8), lower fixed block one (15), lower fixed block two (16) respectively, bolt two (12) and these through holes are all matched in clearance, the other end of bolt two (12) is connected with nut two (17), can clamp four piezoelectric cantilever (100) roots by bolt two (12) and the connection of nut two (17) between upper fixed block one (13), upper fixed block two (14), middle fixed block (8), lower fixed block one (15), lower fixed block two (16), piezoelectric cantilever (100) end winding support has mass (3),
Floor outer cover unit comprises cover plate (0), base (1), spring three (18), wire three (106), wire four (107), cover plate (0) four angle one has the column of four similar latches, base (1) four angle one has four holes, cover plate (0) and base (1) are by being connected between column with hole, spring three (18) is enclosed within the column of base (1), spring three (18) bottom is pressed in the bottom in base (1) surrounding hole, array of power generating units formula is arranged in base (1), wire three (106), wire four (107) is also arranged in base (1), the wire one (104) that piezoelectric cantilever (100) upper end is drawn is connected with wire three (106), the wire two (105) that piezoelectric cantilever (100) upper end is drawn is connected with wire four (107).
2. Novel pressure electric-type electricity-generating floor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described piezoelectric cantilever (100) comprises piezoelectric patches (101), substrate sheet (102), lower piezoelectric sheet (103), wire one (104), wire two (105), as shown in Figure 8, upper piezoelectric patches (101) is bonded in substrate sheet (102) upper end, lower piezoelectric sheet (103) is bonded in substrate sheet (102) lower end, wire one (104) is bonded in piezoelectric patches (101) upper end, wire two (105) is bonded in lower piezoelectric sheet (103) lower end.
3. Novel pressure electric-type electricity-generating floor according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described upper piezoelectric patches (101) and lower piezoelectric sheet (102) are piezoelectric ceramics.
CN201420548848.3U 2014-09-23 2014-09-23 A kind of Novel pressure electric-type electricity-generating floor CN204139530U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104993738A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-10-21 清华大学深圳研究生院 Piezoelectric power collector
CN105915111A (en) * 2016-05-05 2016-08-31 重庆大学 Piezoelectric generation device
CN107565850A (en) * 2017-08-28 2018-01-09 北京工业大学 Bistable state piezoelectric cantilever power generation box
US10851807B1 (en) 2019-12-19 2020-12-01 King Abdulaziz University Energy generating system using floor tiles and fluid/gas movement

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104993738A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-10-21 清华大学深圳研究生院 Piezoelectric power collector
CN104993738B (en) * 2015-07-09 2018-02-09 清华大学深圳研究生院 A kind of piezoelectric energy collector
CN105915111A (en) * 2016-05-05 2016-08-31 重庆大学 Piezoelectric generation device
CN105915111B (en) * 2016-05-05 2018-05-08 重庆大学 A kind of piezoelectric generating device
CN107565850A (en) * 2017-08-28 2018-01-09 北京工业大学 Bistable state piezoelectric cantilever power generation box
CN107565850B (en) * 2017-08-28 2019-06-14 北京工业大学 Bistable state piezoelectric cantilever power generation box
US10851807B1 (en) 2019-12-19 2020-12-01 King Abdulaziz University Energy generating system using floor tiles and fluid/gas movement

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Granted publication date: 20150204

Termination date: 20150923