CN204129120U - A kind of lightning monitoring system - Google Patents

A kind of lightning monitoring system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204129120U
CN204129120U CN201420449327.2U CN201420449327U CN204129120U CN 204129120 U CN204129120 U CN 204129120U CN 201420449327 U CN201420449327 U CN 201420449327U CN 204129120 U CN204129120 U CN 204129120U
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lightning
lightning monitoring
thunder
module
electric capacity
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CN201420449327.2U
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Chinese (zh)
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宋立峰
潘晓将
陈顺平
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Hangzhou Xixian Technology Co. Ltd.
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ZHEJIANG LIERDA INTERNET OF THINGS TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of lightning monitoring system.It comprises monitor terminal, concentrator, several repeaters and several lightning monitoring terminals corresponding to each repeater, described lightning monitoring terminal comprises microprocessor, for detecting the sensor of thunder and lightning of thunder and lightning distance, first power module, first wireless communication module and alarm module, described microprocessor respectively with sensor of thunder and lightning, first power module, first wireless communication module and alarm module electrical connection, described concentrator is by wireless network and monitor terminal and repeater wireless connections, described repeater is by the first wireless communication module wireless connections of wireless network with corresponding lightning monitoring terminal.The utility model reduces monitoring equipment volume, reduces cost, can monitor the thunder and lightning situation in multiple region, wirelessly transmits alerting signal to monitor terminal, is convenient to monitor terminal and notifies that relevant department and personnel take preventive measures in time in time.

Description

A kind of lightning monitoring system
Technical field
The utility model relates to thunder and lightning detection technique field, particularly relates to a kind of lightning monitoring system.
Background technology
The casualties that thunderbolt causes and disaster accident happen occasionally.Early in the twentieth century, the development of telecommunication and electric utility is subject to the impact of Lightning Disaster, and lightning-arrest and lightening protection engineering attracts people's attention.Therefore, the monitoring of thunder and lightning and warning are become to the realistic problem needing to solve.Need to set up special lightning monitoring station to the monitoring of thunder and lightning at present, volume is large, and cost is high.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model overcomes existing lightning monitoring to need to set up special lightning monitoring station, volume is large, the technical matters that cost is high, provide a kind of lightning monitoring system, which reduce monitoring equipment volume, reduce cost, the thunder and lightning situation in multiple region can be monitored, wirelessly transmit alerting signal to monitor terminal, be convenient to monitor terminal and notify that relevant department and personnel take preventive measures in time in time.
In order to solve the problem, the utility model is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A kind of lightning monitoring system of the present utility model, comprise monitor terminal, concentrator, several repeaters and several lightning monitoring terminals corresponding to each repeater, described lightning monitoring terminal comprises microprocessor, for detecting the sensor of thunder and lightning of thunder and lightning distance, first power module, first wireless communication module and alarm module, described microprocessor respectively with sensor of thunder and lightning, first power module, first wireless communication module and alarm module electrical connection, described concentrator is by wireless network and monitor terminal and repeater wireless connections, described repeater is by the first wireless communication module wireless connections of wireless network with corresponding lightning monitoring terminal.
In the technical program, sensor of thunder and lightning is A S 3935 sensor, and sensor integration degree is high, low in energy consumption, thus makes the small volume of lightning monitoring terminal, reduces cost.Alarm module comprises display screen and voice output circuit.Can by lightning monitoring terminal scattering device each diverse location in cities and towns, monitor terminal stores the positional information of each lightning monitoring terminal.When having thunderstorm hour in 1.40 kilometers, distance lightning monitoring terminal, sensor of thunder and lightning can detect the distance D of thunder and lightning distance lightning monitoring terminal, these data are sent to corresponding repeater by lightning monitoring terminal, data are sent to concentrator by repeater, data are sent to monitor terminal by concentrator, monitor terminal, to all distance value D process received, calculates the position of thunder and lightning.The thunder and lightning positional information calculated is sent to lightning monitoring terminal by wireless network by monitor terminal, and lightning monitoring terminal sends the positional information of warning and thunder and lightning by alarm module.
As preferably, three lightning monitoring terminals of arbitrary neighborhood are on different two straight lines.When adjacent three lightning monitoring terminals detect thunder and lightning distance D, with each lightning monitoring terminal for the center of circle, the distance D detected with it is radius picture circle, and the intersection point of three circles is exactly the position of thunder and lightning.
As preferably; the communication interface place that described microprocessor is electrically connected with sensor of thunder and lightning is provided with interface protective circuit; described interface protective circuit comprises diode D1, resistance R1 and electric capacity C1; the communication interface of described microprocessor is electrically connected with resistance R1 one end; the resistance R1 other end is connected with the cathodic electricity of electric capacity C1 one end and diode D1, anode all ground connection of the electric capacity C1 other end and diode D1.Diode D1 has higher breakdown reverse voltage, and the strong jamming introduced for communication interface has certain clamping action, suppresses the outside strong voltage interference introduced.Part interference imports the earth by electric capacity, reduces the strong jamming entering into communication interface further.
As preferably, described lightning monitoring terminal also comprises anti-clutter circuit, described anti-clutter circuit comprises inductance L, voltage stabilizing diode D2, resistance R2, electric capacity C2 and electric capacity C3, the positive pole of described first power module is electrically connected with the negative electrode of voltage stabilizing diode D2, resistance R2 one end, electric capacity C2 one end and inductance L one end, the anode of voltage stabilizing diode D2, the resistance R2 other end and electric capacity C2 other end ground connection, the inductance L other end is electrically connected with the power end of electric capacity C3 one end and microprocessor, electric capacity C3 other end ground connection.The high energy noise of quite a few enters from power supply.Use powerful voltage stabilizing diode D2 to clamp down on the voltage of interference, consumed the interference of input simultaneously by resistance R2, suppress prominent next strong jamming to enter back-end system further by inductance L.Effectively prevent electrostatic interference and electromagnetic interference (EMI).
As preferably, described concentrator comprises controller, second source module, the second wireless communication module and emergency supply circuit, described emergency supply circuit comprises resistance R3, diode D3, switch S and farad capacitor C4, described switch S one end is electrically connected with controller and second source module, the described switch S other end is connected with the cathodic electricity of resistance R3 one end and diode D3, the resistance R3 other end is electrically connected with the positive pole of diode D3 anode and farad capacitor C4, the minus earth of farad capacitor C4, described controller is also electrically connected with the second wireless communication module.Switch S is in closure state.When the unexpected power-off of concentrator, farad capacitor C4 continues power supply to concentrator, enables concentrator significant data be done preservation operation, prevents power down from causing loss of data.
As preferably, described lightning monitoring terminal also comprises GPS locating module, and described GPS locating module is electrically connected with microprocessor.Lightning monitoring terminal can be carried with or put onboard, obtains current location information by GPS locating module.After lightning monitoring terminal detects thunder and lightning distance D, thunder and lightning distance D and current location information are sent to monitor terminal by wireless network, the detection data that monitor terminal chooses not three lightning monitoring terminals on the same line process, and calculate the position of thunder and lightning.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: (1) reduces monitoring equipment volume, reduce cost, the thunder and lightning situation in multiple region can be monitored, accuracy in detection is high, wirelessly transmit alerting signal to monitor terminal, be convenient to monitor terminal and notify that relevant department and personnel take preventive measures in time in time.(2) interface protective circuit has certain clamping action for the strong jamming that communication interface is introduced, and suppresses the outside strong voltage interference introduced.(3) the anti-clutter circuit electrostatic interference that effectively prevents lightning monitoring terminal to be subject to and electromagnetic interference (EMI).
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is that a kind of circuit theory of lightning monitoring terminal connects block diagram;
Fig. 3 is the circuit theory diagrams of interface protective circuit;
Fig. 4 is the circuit theory diagrams of anti-clutter circuit;
Fig. 5 is that the circuit theory of concentrator connects block diagram;
Fig. 6 is that thunder and lightning positional information judges schematic diagram.
In figure: 1, monitor terminal, 2, concentrator, 3, repeater, 4, lightning monitoring terminal, 5, microprocessor, 6, sensor of thunder and lightning, the 7, first power module, 8, the first wireless communication module, 9, alarm module, 10, controller, 11, second source module, 12, the second wireless communication module, 13, GPS locating module.
Embodiment
Below by embodiment, and by reference to the accompanying drawings, the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1: a kind of lightning monitoring system of the present embodiment, as Fig. 1, shown in Fig. 2, comprise monitor terminal 1, concentrator 2, several lightning monitoring terminals 4 of several repeaters 3 and each repeater 3 correspondence, lightning monitoring terminal 4 comprises microprocessor 5, for detecting the sensor of thunder and lightning 6 of thunder and lightning distance, first power module 7, first wireless communication module 8 and alarm module 9, microprocessor 5 respectively with sensor of thunder and lightning 6, first power module 7, first wireless communication module 8 and alarm module 9 are electrically connected, concentrator 2 is by wireless network and monitor terminal 1 and repeater 3 wireless connections, repeater 3 is by first wireless communication module 8 wireless connections of wireless network with corresponding lightning monitoring terminal 4.
Sensor of thunder and lightning 6 is AS3935 sensor, and sensor integration degree is high, low in energy consumption, thus makes the small volume of lightning monitoring terminal, reduces cost.Alarm module 9 comprises display screen and voice output circuit.Can by lightning monitoring terminal 4 scattering device each diverse location in cities and towns, three lightning monitoring terminals 4 of arbitrary neighborhood are on different two straight lines, and monitor terminal 1 stores the positional information of each lightning monitoring terminal 4.
Thunderstorm hour is had in 1.40 kilometers of distance lightning monitoring terminal 4, sensor of thunder and lightning 6 can detect the distance D of thunder and lightning distance lightning monitoring terminal 4, these data are sent to corresponding repeater 3 by lightning monitoring terminal 4, data are sent to concentrator 2 by repeater 3, and data are sent to monitor terminal 1 by concentrator 2.Monitor terminal 1 is to all distance value D process received, calculate the position of thunder and lightning, as shown in Figure 6, when adjacent three lightning monitoring terminals 4 detect thunder and lightning distance D, with each lightning monitoring terminal 4 for the center of circle, the distance D detected with it is radius picture circle, and the intersection point of three circles is exactly the position of thunder and lightning, and accuracy of detection is high.The thunder and lightning positional information calculated is sent to lightning monitoring terminal 4 by wireless network by monitor terminal 1, and lightning monitoring terminal 4 sends the positional information of warning and thunder and lightning by alarm module 9.
As shown in Figure 3; the communication interface place that microprocessor 5 is electrically connected with sensor of thunder and lightning 6 is provided with interface protective circuit; interface protective circuit comprises diode D1, resistance R1 and electric capacity C1; the communication interface of microprocessor 5 is electrically connected with resistance R1 one end; the resistance R1 other end is connected with the cathodic electricity of electric capacity C1 one end and diode D1, anode all ground connection of the electric capacity C1 other end and diode D1.Diode D1 has higher breakdown reverse voltage, and the strong jamming introduced for communication interface has certain clamping action, suppresses the outside strong voltage interference introduced.Part interference imports the earth by electric capacity, reduces the strong jamming entering into communication interface further.
As shown in Figure 4, lightning monitoring terminal 4 also comprises anti-clutter circuit, anti-clutter circuit comprises inductance L, voltage stabilizing diode D2, resistance R2, electric capacity C2 and electric capacity C3, the positive pole of the first power module 7 is electrically connected with the negative electrode of voltage stabilizing diode D2, resistance R2 one end, electric capacity C2 one end and inductance L one end, the anode of voltage stabilizing diode D2, the resistance R2 other end and electric capacity C2 other end ground connection, the inductance L other end is electrically connected with the power end of electric capacity C3 one end and microprocessor 5, electric capacity C3 other end ground connection.The high energy noise of quite a few enters from power supply.Use powerful voltage stabilizing diode D2 to clamp down on the voltage of interference, consumed the interference of input simultaneously by resistance R2, suppress prominent next strong jamming to enter back-end system further by inductance L.Effectively prevent electrostatic interference and electromagnetic interference (EMI).
As shown in Figure 5, concentrator 2 comprises controller 10, second source module 11, second wireless communication module 12 and emergency supply circuit, emergency supply circuit comprises resistance R3, diode D3, switch S and farad capacitor C4, switch S one end is electrically connected with controller 10 and second source module 11, the switch S other end is connected with the cathodic electricity of resistance R3 one end and diode D3, the resistance R3 other end is electrically connected with the positive pole of diode D3 anode and farad capacitor C4, the minus earth of farad capacitor C4, controller 10 is also electrically connected with the second wireless communication module 12.Switch S is in closure state.When concentrator 2 power-off suddenly, farad capacitor C4 continues power supply to concentrator 2, makes concentrator 2 significant data can be done preservation operation, prevents power down from causing loss of data.
Embodiment 2: a kind of lightning monitoring system of the present embodiment, lightning monitoring terminal 4 also comprises GPS locating module 13, GPS locating module 13 and is electrically connected with microprocessor 5, and all the other structures are with embodiment 1.
Lightning monitoring terminal 4 can be carried with or put onboard, obtains current location information by GPS locating module 13.After lightning monitoring terminal 4 detects thunder and lightning distance D, thunder and lightning distance D and current location information are sent to monitor terminal 1 by wireless network, the detection data that monitor terminal 1 chooses not three lightning monitoring terminals 4 on the same line process, and calculate the position of thunder and lightning.

Claims (6)

1. a lightning monitoring system, it is characterized in that: comprise monitor terminal (1), concentrator (2), several lightning monitoring terminals (4) of several repeaters (3) and each repeater (3) correspondence, described lightning monitoring terminal (4) comprises microprocessor (5), for detecting the sensor of thunder and lightning (6) of thunder and lightning distance, first power module (7), first wireless communication module (8) and alarm module (9), described microprocessor (5) respectively with sensor of thunder and lightning (4), first power module (7), first wireless communication module (8) and alarm module (9) electrical connection, described concentrator (2) is by wireless network and monitor terminal (1) and repeater (3) wireless connections, described repeater (3) is by first wireless communication module (8) wireless connections of wireless network with corresponding lightning monitoring terminal (4).
2. a kind of lightning monitoring system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: three lightning monitoring terminals (4) of arbitrary neighborhood are on different two straight lines.
3. a kind of lightning monitoring system according to claim 1 and 2; it is characterized in that: the communication interface place that described microprocessor (5) is electrically connected with sensor of thunder and lightning (6) is provided with interface protective circuit; described interface protective circuit comprises diode D1, resistance R1 and electric capacity C1; the communication interface of described microprocessor (5) is electrically connected with resistance R1 one end; the resistance R1 other end is connected with the cathodic electricity of electric capacity C1 one end and diode D1, anode all ground connection of the electric capacity C1 other end and diode D1.
4. a kind of lightning monitoring system according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described lightning monitoring terminal (4) also comprises anti-clutter circuit, described anti-clutter circuit comprises inductance L, voltage stabilizing diode D2, resistance R2, electric capacity C2 and electric capacity C3, the described positive pole of the first power module (7) and the negative electrode of voltage stabilizing diode D2, resistance R2 one end, electric capacity C2 one end and the electrical connection of inductance L one end, the anode of voltage stabilizing diode D2, the resistance R2 other end and electric capacity C2 other end ground connection, the inductance L other end is electrically connected with the power end of electric capacity C3 one end and microprocessor (5), electric capacity C3 other end ground connection.
5. a kind of lightning monitoring system according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described concentrator (2) comprises controller (10), second source module (11), second wireless communication module (12) and emergency supply circuit, described emergency supply circuit comprises resistance R3, diode D3, switch S and farad capacitor C4, described switch S one end is electrically connected with controller (10) and second source module (11), the described switch S other end is connected with the cathodic electricity of resistance R3 one end and diode D3, the resistance R3 other end is electrically connected with the positive pole of diode D3 anode and farad capacitor C4, the minus earth of farad capacitor C4, described controller (10) is also electrically connected with the second wireless communication module (12).
6. a kind of lightning monitoring system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described lightning monitoring terminal (4) also comprises GPS locating module (13), described GPS locating module (13) is electrically connected with microprocessor (5).
CN201420449327.2U 2014-08-11 2014-08-11 A kind of lightning monitoring system Active CN204129120U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104678863A (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-06-03 成都千嘉科技有限公司 RTU device with anti-thunder function
CN104833862A (en) * 2015-05-05 2015-08-12 惠州Tcl移动通信有限公司 Lightning detection mobile terminal, lightning detection control system and method thereof
CN105182089A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-12-23 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Self-correcting thundercloud trajectory prediction method
JP2017156158A (en) * 2016-02-29 2017-09-07 株式会社フランクリン・ジャパン Lightning position locating system, lightning position locating device and lightning position locating method
CN107490781A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-12-19 深圳大学 Use mobile terminal detection and the method for co-located lightning
CN108594024A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-09-28 海南电网有限责任公司琼海供电局 For the Lightning Warning method and apparatus of power supply area
CN111679133A (en) * 2020-06-05 2020-09-18 上海眼控科技股份有限公司 Lightning positioning method and device, computer equipment and storage medium

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104678863A (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-06-03 成都千嘉科技有限公司 RTU device with anti-thunder function
CN104833862A (en) * 2015-05-05 2015-08-12 惠州Tcl移动通信有限公司 Lightning detection mobile terminal, lightning detection control system and method thereof
CN104833862B (en) * 2015-05-05 2018-04-06 惠州Tcl移动通信有限公司 A kind of mobile terminal, lightning detecting and controlling system and its method for lightning detection
CN105182089A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-12-23 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Self-correcting thundercloud trajectory prediction method
JP2017156158A (en) * 2016-02-29 2017-09-07 株式会社フランクリン・ジャパン Lightning position locating system, lightning position locating device and lightning position locating method
CN107490781A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-12-19 深圳大学 Use mobile terminal detection and the method for co-located lightning
CN107490781B (en) * 2016-08-26 2019-05-31 深圳大学 Use the method for mobile terminal detection and co-located lightning
CN108594024A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-09-28 海南电网有限责任公司琼海供电局 For the Lightning Warning method and apparatus of power supply area
CN108594024B (en) * 2017-12-11 2020-10-30 海南电网有限责任公司琼海供电局 Lightning early warning method and device for power supply area
CN111679133A (en) * 2020-06-05 2020-09-18 上海眼控科技股份有限公司 Lightning positioning method and device, computer equipment and storage medium

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Effective date of registration: 20191212

Address after: Room 1502, building 1, no.1326, Wenyi West Road, Cangqian street, Yuhang District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province

Patentee after: Hangzhou Xixian Technology Co. Ltd.

Address before: Yuhang District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, 310000 West No. 1500 Building No. 1 room 105

Patentee before: ZHEJIANG LIERDA INTERNET OF THINGS TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

TR01 Transfer of patent right