CN204104759U - A kind of pomegranate full fruit process equipment - Google Patents

A kind of pomegranate full fruit process equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204104759U
CN204104759U CN201420598780.XU CN201420598780U CN204104759U CN 204104759 U CN204104759 U CN 204104759U CN 201420598780 U CN201420598780 U CN 201420598780U CN 204104759 U CN204104759 U CN 204104759U
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fruit
pomegranate
equipment
water tank
seed
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420598780.XU
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丁荣吾
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丁荣吾
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Abstract

The utility model relates to processing of farm products equipment, refer to a kind of pomegranate full fruit process equipment especially, comprise cleaning unit, sorting and skin and flesh separative element, pericarp processing unit, seed juice separative element, fruit juice processing unit and seed processing unit, compared with prior art, a kind of pomegranate of the present utility model full fruit process equipment really can clean entirely to pomegranate, sorting, peeling, skin and flesh is separated, get skin, get juice, get the integrated treatments such as seed, give full play to the high-quality of west area pomegranate fruit, natural, pure advantage, become the high-quality resource that can be applicable to medicine-food two-purpose, the value of western pomegranate resource can be promoted greatly, and promote western arid oasis agricultural and economic sustainable development.

Description

A kind of pomegranate full fruit process equipment
Technical field
The utility model relates to processing of farm products equipment, refers to a kind of pomegranate full fruit process equipment especially.
Background technology
Pomegranate, after China is imported into by the Western Regions period in the Western Han Dynastry, due to the value of its uniqueness, is progressively widely introduced a fine variety in the region of China, becomes the resource of old and young " being food and medicine " of all knowing, and successively lists Chinese Pharmacopoeia and food register in.Along with scientific and technological progress development, it includes active principle and is constantly found, the continuous extended upgrading of its using value.Wherein the most important thing is: skin is disease-resistant as digestive system, antibacterial, the medicinal material of removing toxic substances; Juice, as the raw material of anti-oxidation function, is widely used in anti-oxidant, hypoglycemic, step-down, lipopenicillinase, antibacterial and supplementary human body must the beverage of trace element and function seasoning matter; Seed then to be rich in the effective ingredients such as high-quality unrighted acid, vitamin, mineral matter, Polyphenols, is extracted for various medicine, function food additive and health-care and skin-care articles for use.Seed slag can also as feed addictive.
Due to the difference of the agriculture key elements such as water, soil, fertilizer, light, gas, heat and ecogeography weather, same pomegranate kind, in the environment in western part, middle part, east, south, give expression to obvious quality discrepancy, also the Yield and quality of pomegranate fruit, the difference of inclusion is determined, parameter after repeatedly contrasting detection, still significantly, especially South Sinkiang and field one are with more outstanding for some composition between further confirmation fruit quality and content difference.Be grown on husky district, daily difference and have more excellent speciality greatly, with the pomegranate fruit that Kun Lun Mountain snow-broth is irrigated.
China is vast in territory, contrast same agricultural byproducts, due to aspect differences such as storages, transport, service conditions, direct shadow noon product quality and value.Especially east is with western, more there is obvious difference, because intermediate links are how large with carrying cost, and directly payment and waste the quality heterosis of western product.At present, through verification there is no at home any be applicable to Northwestern environment geographical environment can for the unit equipment with field pomegranate classification processing, especially with the low developed area, South Sinkiang such as Keshen, field.But the fine quality area of existing plantation, close to 100,000 mu, due to dust storm arid, away from economic technology center, governs this valuable high-quality resource and is difficult to make the best use of everything, need a kind of process equipment being applicable to the full fruit of pomegranate of exploitation badly.
Utility model content
Main purpose of the present utility model is to provide a kind of pomegranate full fruit process equipment, can fruit carries out skin entirely, seed, juice processes comprehensively to pomegranate, has far-reaching influence to the deep processing of western Megranate resource and the upgrading synergy of pomegranate resource and development.
Western, especially South Sinkiang and respectful backlands district, ecological geographical conditions is extremely harsh, windy and dusty, how saline and alkaline, lack of water, fertilizer deficiency, lack organic, lack bio-diversity.But, in the area, oasis of farm pastoral region, typical continental climate, growth plant is here adapted to this harsh habitat, and outstanding speciality of therefore evolving out, in addition day and night the temperature difference is large, and sunlight-heat reaources is sufficient, the fertilizer in pastoral area and the provisions of snow-broth, impel the nutrient of fruit to be enriched storage, and wherein, treasure that the effective ingredient of some preciousness is rare especially.Therefore, this huge quality heterosis that the natural environment that cannot copy can not be imitated to create pomegranate fruit.Otherwise, the remote difficulty that also result in high-quality resource and develop in harsh environment and borderland.Namely pomegranate of the present utility model full fruit process equipment is the innovative technology of maximizing favourable factors and minimizing unfavourable ones.
The harsh ecological environment in above-mentioned western part creates the precious speciality of western pomegranate, also the coarse wrinkles of the outer shell epidermis of pomegranate fruit is brought, these antihygienic sand and dust constantly cover in the gap of epidermis again by dust storm, therefore, the continuous cleaning of three road band nylon bristles must be set and the device of sterilizing function is purified, not make these pollute foreign material and bring next process into.After clear water washes away surface dirt, then select potassium permanganate with the sterilization of Strong oxdiative solution disinfection, finally then adopt saline solution counter-infiltration biochemical basis to eliminate microbial contamination.Three road techniques are connected, and guarantee that the pomegranate fruit dust that carries of epidermis and disease and pest, bacterium, virus are removed to greatest extent, and fruit self is nontoxic has established for lower one manufacturing procedure the quality base meeting sanitary standard.
The pomegranate fruit of western part, especially Southern Xinjiang, has the feature that the whole nation is exclusive, significantly be divided into tart fruit and the large class of hesperidium two, general of tart fruit is large and sweet, and general of fruit is little, even if the plant grown in same a slice orchard, the fruit born also is not of uniform size, sour-sweet totally different.By means of the equipment of schizocarp specification, can by sour-sweet fruit basic classification of oozing assorted different size, the technique of this classification sub-prime has great economic implications, therefore fruit juice and the seed of acidity and sugariness can be obtained respectively, acidity is applicable to prepare high verjuice, sugariness is more suitable for for fast lifting human body oxidation resistance, and suitable sour-sweet mixing ratio is then the excellent materials manufacturing pomegranate wine.Seed include composition also difference to some extent, the purposes of its extract is then different.Certainly, the refinement of product helps product up-gradation, appreciation.
Pericarp is the good medicine of curing disease of digestive system, because variety and quality obtains basic classification, greatly facilitate the Normalize use of Chinese medicine standard, be more convenient for the process of preparing Chinese medicine working out " GAP " standardization plantation and top grade medicinal material, on-the-spot deep dehydration and concomitant disinfection, vacuum, packaging, can extend the shelf life and the upgrading of therefore promotion Chinese medicine quality.
Owing to having carried out classifying processing to fruit resource, skin, juice, seed is made fully to obtain the effect of " making the best use of everything ", also be convenient to long-term preservation and long-distance accumulating of classifying, analysis is detected through us, contrast each kind effective ingredient, be confirmed: generally exceed 8 ~ 10% with field Punica granatum L. polyphenol class total content; General flavone content exceeds 7 ~ 9%; Vitamin, anthocyanidin, micronutrient levels also have different proportion to increase.And the oxious component such as ash, impurity, bacteria total amount, pathogenic bacteria also greatly reduces.Owing to adopting advanced classification process technology, the tannin in skin seldom penetrates into fruit grain in fruit juice and also seldom mixes with the composition of seed, and the great purifying degree of purity of various part quality, is conducive to the contraposition use of sterling.For the healthy cause that Developing TCM dietotherapy " is preventiveed treatment of disease ", play the active and effective effect of genuine resource aspect reality.
Western name, spy, excellent resource will obtain due utilization, first should save and protect, and save and must rely on advanced understanding and technology with protection, form the harmonious development impelling economic technology that science and technology led, had Zhang Youfa.
The utility model adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of pomegranate full fruit process equipment, comprises cleaning unit, sorting and skin and flesh separative element, pericarp processing unit, seed juice separative element, fruit juice processing unit and seed processing unit.
Cleaning unit, it includes main box, filtered water tank, potassium permanganate water tank and salt water tank, be provided with cleaning hairbrush in this main box, this filtered water tank, potassium permanganate water tank and salt water tank are all connected on spray equipment, and the shower nozzle of this spray equipment is arranged on the top of this main box; The bottom of described main box is provided with the straight parallel oblique crank Z being driven running by variable-frequency motor, and described cleaning hairbrush is arranged on this straight parallel oblique crank Z; The bottom of described filtered water tank, potassium permanganate water tank and salt water tank is equipped with riffler.
Sorting and skin and flesh separative element, it includes at least two-layer choosing fruit basket for the different size pomegranate fruit of sorting, and every layer of choosing fruit basket is connected with the auto peeling machine of dimension, is connected with skin and flesh separator disk after this auto peeling machine; The bottom of described every layer of choosing fruit basket is provided with different hole, aperture, and the aperture of upper strata choosing fruit basket is greater than the aperture of lower floor's choosing fruit basket; Described auto peeling machine comprises two circular shafts relatively reversed, and circular shaft is provided with cambered blade.
Pericarp processing unit, it includes drying unit, pasteurising plants and vacuum packaging equipment.
Seed, juice separative element, comprise clamping plate type seed rejuvenator, is connected with double-layer high-speed centrifuge after this clamping plate type seed rejuvenator; Described clamping plate type seed rejuvenator comprises upper and lower clamping plate, and between upper and lower clamping plate, gap is adjustable, and the surface of upper and lower clamping plate is equipped with projection, and train wheel bridge is connected with vibrating motor.
Fruit juice processing unit, includes double-deck filter press fruit juice being carried out to press filtration, is connected with normal-temperature vacuum concentration tank in turn and cryogenic vacuum concentrates holding vessel after this double-deck filter press; Screen specification in described double-deck filter press is 200-250 order.
Seed processing unit, it includes dewater unit, pasteurising plants and vacuum packaging equipment.
From above-mentioned to description of the present utility model, compared with prior art, a kind of pomegranate of the present utility model full fruit process equipment can fruit be cleaned entirely, sorting, peeling, skin and flesh is separated, gets skin, gets juice, gets the integrated treatments such as seed to pomegranate, give full play to high-quality, natural, the pure advantage of west area pomegranate fruit, become the high-quality resource that can be applicable to medicine-food two-purpose, the value of western pomegranate resource can be promoted greatly, and promote western arid oasis agricultural and economic sustainable development.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model detailed description of the invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by way of detailed description of the invention, the utility model will be further described.
With reference to Fig. 1, a kind of pomegranate of the present utility model full fruit process equipment, comprises cleaning unit 10, sorting and skin and flesh separative element 20, pericarp processing unit 30, seed juice separative element 40, fruit juice processing unit 50 and seed processing unit 60.
Cleaning unit 10 includes main box 11, filtered water tank 12, potassium permanganate water tank 13 and salt water tank 14, and the bottom of main box 11 is provided with the straight parallel oblique crank Z 111 being driven running by variable-frequency motor, straight parallel oblique crank Z 111 is provided with cleaning hairbrush 1111; Filtered water tank 12, potassium permanganate water tank 13 and salt water tank 14 are all connected on spray equipment 15, the shower nozzle of spray equipment 15 arranges 151 above main box 11, and the bottom of filtered water tank 12, potassium permanganate water tank 13 and salt water tank 14 is respectively equipped with riffler 121,131,141.
The concentration of the potassium permanganate solution in potassium permanganate water tank 13 is 5-8 ‰, and in salt water tank 14, saline solution concentration is 6-12%, and cleaning hairbrush 1111 adopts nylon material to make.
According to the rotating speed of fruit crust magazine carrying amount adjustment variable-frequency motor, under cleaning hairbrush 1111 starts, start first filtered water tank 12 and clean dust foreign material, start potassium permanganate water tank 13 afterwards, by the ability of potassium permanganate Strong oxdiative, the virus being trapped in epidermis is scrubbed removing, start salt water tank 14 afterwards, by the counter-infiltration ability of salt, kill bacteria and other microorganisms fast, due to salt safe without toxic side effect, also help fruit on a small quantity containing band anticorrosion rotten, for the condition of preapring for an unfavorable turn of events of guaranteeing the quality is created in later process processing.
Sorting and skin and flesh separative element 20 comprise upper, middle and lower-ranking choosing fruit basket 21,22,23, upper, middle and lower-ranking choosing fruit basket 21,22,23 is connected to the auto peeling machine 24,25,26 of dimension, is connected with skin and flesh separator disk 27 after auto peeling machine 24,25,26.Choosing fruit basket 21,22,23 has the low-frequency vibration function of 20-30 time per minute, and upper, middle choosing fruit basket 21,22 arranges macropore and mesopore respectively, and the large fruit in the pomegranate fruit that cleaning unit 10 has cleaned stays upper strata, and middle fruit stays middle level, and fruitlet stays bottom.Auto peeling machine comprises two circular shafts relatively reversed, and circular shaft is provided with cambered blade, and during work, two circular shafts rotate relatively, strip off pericarp.
After peeling completes, skin and seed all enter skin and flesh separator disk 27, by manually carrying out meticulous sorting to skin and seed.
The pericarp that meticulous sorting completes enters pericarp processing unit 30, pericarp processing unit 30 includes drying unit 31, pasteurising plants 32 and vacuum packaging equipment 33, drying unit 31, pasteurising plants 32 and vacuum packaging equipment 33 are prior art, are not described in detail in this.
The seed that meticulous sorting completes enters seed, juice separative element 40, and seed, juice separative element 40 comprise clamping plate type seed rejuvenator 41, is connected with double-layer high-speed centrifuge 42 after clamping plate type seed rejuvenator 41; Clamping plate type seed rejuvenator 41 comprises upper and lower clamping plate 411,412, and between upper and lower clamping plate 411,412, gap is adjustable, and the surface of upper and lower clamping plate 411,412 is equipped with projection, and train wheel bridge 411 is connected with vibrating motor.Seed epidermis is rubbed with the hands broken by the micro-vibration of train wheel bridge 411, and the seed after stranding broken skin, fruit juice all enter in double-layer high-speed centrifuge 42, and fruit juice is separated with seed by double-layer high-speed centrifuge 42.
Fruit juice after separation enters fruit juice processing unit 50, fruit juice processing unit 50 includes the double-deck filter press 51 fruit juice being carried out to press filtration, screen specification in double-deck filter press is 200-250 order, is connected with normal-temperature vacuum concentration tank 52 in turn and cryogenic vacuum concentrates holding vessel 53 after double-deck filter press 51.Normal-temperature vacuum concentration tank 52, under low vacuum (-0.5mPA) normal temperature, by concentration of juices to Baume degrees 14 °-15 °, then pumps into the interior storage of Vacuum Concentration holding vessel 53 of low temperature (1-5 DEG C).
Seed after separation enters seed processing unit 60, and seed processing unit 60 includes dewater unit 61, pasteurising plants 62 and vacuum packaging equipment 63.Dewater unit 61 is normal temperature low vacuum case (-0.3mPA), seed is introduced into dewater unit 61 and dewaters to moisture content≤15%, send into dehydration sterilization 2.5-3 hour in pasteurising plants 62 again, it is qualified that detection moisture content≤10% is, then enter vacuum packaging equipment 63 and carry out vacuum packaging, complete seed resource results.
Above are only a detailed description of the invention of the present utility model, but design concept of the present utility model is not limited thereto, all changes utilizing this design the utility model to be carried out to unsubstantiality, all should belong to the behavior of invading the utility model protection domain.

Claims (5)

1. a pomegranate full fruit process equipment, is characterized in that: comprise
Cleaning unit, it includes main box, filtered water tank, potassium permanganate water tank and salt water tank, be provided with cleaning hairbrush in this main box, this filtered water tank, potassium permanganate water tank and salt water tank are all connected on spray equipment, and the shower nozzle of this spray equipment is arranged on the top of this main box;
Sorting and skin and flesh separative element, it includes at least two-layer choosing fruit basket for the different size pomegranate fruit of sorting, and every layer of choosing fruit basket is connected with the auto peeling machine of dimension, is connected with skin and flesh separator disk after this auto peeling machine;
Pericarp processing unit, it includes drying unit, pasteurising plants and vacuum packaging equipment;
Seed, juice separative element, comprise clamping plate type seed rejuvenator, is connected with double-layer high-speed centrifuge after this clamping plate type seed rejuvenator;
Fruit juice processing unit, includes double-deck filter press fruit juice being carried out to press filtration, is connected with normal-temperature vacuum concentration tank in turn and cryogenic vacuum concentrates holding vessel after this double-deck filter press;
Seed processing unit, it includes dewater unit, pasteurising plants and vacuum packaging equipment.
2. a kind of pomegranate as claimed in claim 1 full fruit process equipment, is characterized in that: the bottom of described main box is provided with the straight parallel oblique crank Z being driven running by variable-frequency motor, and described cleaning hairbrush is arranged on this straight parallel oblique crank Z; The bottom of described filtered water tank, potassium permanganate water tank and salt water tank is equipped with riffler.
3. a kind of pomegranate as claimed in claim 1 full fruit process equipment, is characterized in that: the bottom of described every layer of choosing fruit basket is provided with different hole, aperture, and the aperture of upper strata choosing fruit basket is greater than the aperture of lower floor's choosing fruit basket; Described auto peeling machine comprises two circular shafts relatively reversed, and circular shaft is provided with cambered blade.
4. a kind of pomegranate as claimed in claim 1 full fruit process equipment, it is characterized in that: described clamping plate type seed rejuvenator comprises upper and lower clamping plate, between upper and lower clamping plate, gap is adjustable, and the surface of upper and lower clamping plate is equipped with projection, and train wheel bridge is connected with vibrating motor.
5. a kind of pomegranate as claimed in claim 1 full fruit process equipment, is characterized in that: the screen specification in described double-deck filter press is 200-250 order.
CN201420598780.XU 2014-10-16 2014-10-16 A kind of pomegranate full fruit process equipment Expired - Fee Related CN204104759U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104814515A (en) * 2015-05-26 2015-08-05 苏州达泰佳机械科技有限公司 Cleaning and pulping all-in-one machine for fruits with kernels
CN105361190A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-03-02 刘柳贞 Dedicated processing system for golden pomelo fruit juice
CN107019234A (en) * 2017-04-19 2017-08-08 合肥工业大学 A kind of pomegranate takes seed method
CN107536064A (en) * 2017-09-20 2018-01-05 珠海穗源云农业科技有限公司 The process for making of separating pericarp fruit seed fruit juice
CN108464521A (en) * 2018-05-03 2018-08-31 王影 Flesh pressure twists loose equipment in a kind of pomegranate fruit
CN108771250A (en) * 2018-05-19 2018-11-09 张辉 A kind of draining device for fruit process

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104814515A (en) * 2015-05-26 2015-08-05 苏州达泰佳机械科技有限公司 Cleaning and pulping all-in-one machine for fruits with kernels
CN105361190A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-03-02 刘柳贞 Dedicated processing system for golden pomelo fruit juice
CN107019234A (en) * 2017-04-19 2017-08-08 合肥工业大学 A kind of pomegranate takes seed method
CN107536064A (en) * 2017-09-20 2018-01-05 珠海穗源云农业科技有限公司 The process for making of separating pericarp fruit seed fruit juice
CN108464521A (en) * 2018-05-03 2018-08-31 王影 Flesh pressure twists loose equipment in a kind of pomegranate fruit
CN108771250A (en) * 2018-05-19 2018-11-09 张辉 A kind of draining device for fruit process

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Granted publication date: 20150121

Termination date: 20171016