CN204102473U - Rotating disc type display disc of periodic table of elements - Google Patents

Rotating disc type display disc of periodic table of elements Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204102473U
CN204102473U CN201420210766.8U CN201420210766U CN204102473U CN 204102473 U CN204102473 U CN 204102473U CN 201420210766 U CN201420210766 U CN 201420210766U CN 204102473 U CN204102473 U CN 204102473U
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spiral
axis
quadrant
disc
group
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CN201420210766.8U
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张一多
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张一多
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Abstract

The utility model relates to education or demonstration appliances, and specifically relates to a rotating disc type display device of the periodic table of elements. A rotating disc type display disc of the periodic table of elements comprises a main group disc (1). The rotating disc type display disc of the periodic table of elements is characterized in that the display disc also comprises a subgroup disc (2) and a lanthanide-actinide disc (3), the main group disc (1) is engraved with a first spiral (11), the subgroup disc (2) is arranged in a second quadrant and a third quadrant of the main group disc (1), and the lanthanide-actinide disc (3) is arranged in the second quadrant and the third quadrant of the main group disc (1). The display disc is advantaged by clear and visual demonstration, simple structure, and convenient usage.

Description

转盘式化学元素周期表显示盘 Rotary display panel Periodic Table

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及教育或演示用具,具体为一种转盘式化学元素周期表显示盘。 [0001] The present invention relates to education presentation or appliance, specifically shown as a rotary disk periodic table.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 化学元素周期表是根据以各元素的核电荷数为基准作为序号从小至大排序的化学元素列表,通常,化学元素列表大体呈长方形,某些元素周期中留有空格,使特性相近的元素归在同一族中,目前,化学元素周期表共有14族(包括7个主族、7个副族、一个零族和一个第8族),分为7个周期。 [0002] Periodic Table is a listing of chemical elements in the nuclear charge number of the elements ordered from small to large number as a reference, in general, the chemical elements are substantially rectangular list of some of the elements include spaces period, so that similar characteristics return element in the same group, at present, a total of group 14 of the periodic table (including seven main groups, sub-group 7, a zero and a group 8 group), is divided into seven cycles. 传统的化学元素周期表的排列方式是:按核电荷数(即原子序数)递增的顺序从左至右排成横行,再把不同横行中最外层电子数相同的元素按电子层数递增的顺序自上而下排列成纵列,同一横行内的为同一周期,同一纵列内的为同一族。 The traditional arrangement of the periodic table is: according to the number of nuclei (i.e., atomic number) from left to right in order of increasing charge transverse aligned, then the different transverse same number of electrons in the outermost layers of the electronic element by increasing columns arranged from top to bottom, for the same period of the same family in the same column in the same transverse. 传统的排列方式,在使用时存在不够直观、比较零散、首尾不相连的缺陷。 Conventional arrangement, there is not intuitive, fragmented, end unconnected defects during use.

实用新型内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 为了克服现有技术的缺陷,提供一种结构简单、使用方便、演示效果直观清晰的元素教具,本实用新型公开了一种转盘式化学元素周期表显示盘。 [0003] To overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, provide a simple, easy to use, intuitive and clear demonstration effect element aids, the present invention discloses a rotary display panel of the periodic table.

[0004] 本实用新型通过如下技术方案达到发明目的: [0004] The present invention to achieve the object of the invention by the following technical solutions:

[0005] 一种转盘式化学元素周期表显示盘,包括主族盘,其特征是:还包括副族盘和俩_铜系盘, [0005] A rotary display panel of the periodic table, comprising a main plate group, characterized by: further comprising a disc and two subgroups _ copper plate,

[0006] 主族盘上刻有一条第一螺线,第一螺线的内端点设于主族盘内部,第一螺线的外端点在主族盘的边缘上; Engraved with [0006] a first main group of spiral disc, the inner end of the first spiral is provided inside the main group disk, the outer edge of the upper end plate of the first main group of spiral;

[0007] 以第一螺线的内端点为原点,以第一螺线内端点处的切线作为y轴,以垂直于y轴且经过第一螺线内端点的直线作为X轴,X轴和I轴作为坐标轴线; [0007] In the end of the first spiral is the origin, the tangent to the inner end of the first spiral at the y-axis, y-axis and perpendicular to the straight line passing through the first spiral end of an X-axis, the X-axis, and I-axis as the coordinate axes;

[0008] 以第一螺线的内端点为起始点向外延伸,不计起始点,第一螺线第I次和X轴相交时共有1/2圈,第一螺线第I次和y轴相交时共有3/4圈,第一螺线第2次和x轴相交时共有I圈,第一螺线第2次和y轴相交时共有5/4圈,即:第一螺线第η次和χ轴相交时共有η/2圈,第一螺线第η次和y轴时共有(l/4+n/2)圈,第一螺线至少有35/4圈; [0008] In the first endpoint to the starting point of spiral extending outwardly, excluding the starting point, the first spiral when the I-th and X axes intersect total 1/2 turn of the first spiral I-th and y-axis A total of 3/4 turn intersects the first spiral and the second time when the x-axis intersects the circle I total, the first spiral when the 2nd and y axes intersect total 5/4 circle, namely: a first spiral of η there are times when η and χ axes intersect / 2 turns, the first spiral consensus (l / 4 + n / 2) η times the first lap and the y-axis, at least a first spiral coil 35/4;

[0009] 以第一螺线第2次和χ轴相交时的部分作为第I圈,以第一螺线第4次和第2次分别相交于X轴之间的部分作为第2圈,S卩:以第一螺线第2n次和第2 (n+1)次分别相交于χ轴之间的部分作为第η圈; [0009] In the second time section when the intersection of the first axis as the spiral lap and χ I, a first spiral 4th and 2nd respectively in intersecting portions between the X-axis as the second lap, S Jie: a first spiral and the 2n th 2 (n + 1) times, respectively, intersect at a portion between the first shaft η χ ring;

[0010] 以第一螺线起始的1/2圈所在的象限为第二象限,和第二象限相邻且和第二象限共同位于X轴同侧的为第一象限,和第二象限相邻且和第二象限相对位于X轴异侧的为第三象限,另一象限为第四象限,根据第一象限的位置相应确定X轴和y轴的正方向; [0010] In the first quadrant where the 1/2 turn spirals starting a second quadrant and a second quadrant and the second quadrant are adjacent and co-located on the same side of the axis X is a first quadrant, a second quadrant and and the adjacent second quadrant and the X axis relative to the opposite side of the third quadrant, the fourth quadrant to another quadrant, the respective X-axis positive direction is determined and the y-axis position according to the first quadrant;

[0011] 每个象限内都刻有一条经过原点的主族射线,每条主族射线都将主族射线所在的象限分成两部分,沿主族射线方向相邻的第一螺线、主族射线以及和该条主族射线相邻的坐标轴构成一个扇区; [0011] engraved with a ray passing through the origin of the main groups, each main group of rays are rays quadrant where the main group is divided into two portions, the adjacent group in the main radiation direction of the first spiral, the main group each quadrant rays, and a main piece and an adjacent axis ray group constituting a sector;

[0012] 以第一象限内以X轴、第一象限内主族射线和第一螺线的内端点构成的封闭区域为起始扇区,自起始扇区起按第一螺线的延伸方向,由第一螺线的第I圈和第2圈构成的为第I环,由第一螺线的第2圈和第3圈构成的为第2环,S卩:由第一螺线的第η圈和第n+1圈构成的部分为第η环; [0012] In the closed area in the X-axis first quadrant, the first quadrant the primary endpoint of the first group and the rays of the spiral configuration of a starting sector from the starting sector extend in a first spiral direction, the first spiral coil I and the second ring with a ring for the first I, second ring is constituted by the second ring and third turns of the first spiral, S Jie: a first spiral the first ring and η n + 1, as the first ring portion configured η ring;

[0013] 第一螺线的第I环为主族标题栏,所述主族标题栏内的各个扇区自起始扇区起分别编为IA、II A、IIIA、IVA、V Α、νΐΑ、νΠΑ和0,第一螺线的第2环为第I周期,第一螺线的第3环为第2周期,即:自第一螺线的第2环起,第一螺线的第η环为第η-l周期,每条主族射线和相邻的坐标轴线构成的区域为该区域内标题栏内扇区所定义的主族元素; [0013] I of the first spiral aromatic ring main title bar, each sector of the main group, from the title bar of the start sector are prepared for IA, II A, IIIA, IVA, V Α, νΐΑ , νΠΑ and 0, the first spiral of the second ring for the first period I, the first spiral of the second period for the third loop, namely: starting from the second ring of the first spiral, the spirals of the first [eta] for the first ring η-l cycles, each primary main group element area group and the adjacent rays constituting the coordinate axes defined for that sector in the title bar area;

[0014] 副族盘设于主族盘的第二象限和第三象限,副族盘上刻有第二螺线和9条端点在第二螺线起始点的副族射线,第二螺线和位于第二象限及第三象限部分的第一螺线全等,位于第二螺线最外层的为第8环即第7周期,自第8环起向中心部分依次为第7环即第6周期、第6环即第5周期、第5环即第4周期、第4环作为副族标题栏,所述副族标题栏内的各个扇区自起始扇区起分别编为1118、1¥8、乂8、\/18、¥0、珊、珊、珊、IB和II B,相邻的副族射线或相邻的副族射线和副族盘边界线构成的区域为该区域内标题栏内扇区所定义的副族元素; [0014] provided on the main tray sub-group of the second disk group and the third quadrant quadrant, a second engraved with spiral and the second end 9 of the spiral starting subgroup ray disc on the sub-group, the second spiral and in the second quadrant and the third quadrant of the first congruent spiral portion is located second outermost spiral ring for the first 8 cycles i.e. 7, 8 from the first loop toward the central portion of the order of 7 ring i.e. the sixth cycle, the fifth cycle i.e. ring 6, ring 5, i.e. the fourth period, the fourth sub aromatic ring as the title bar, the respective sectors of the sub-group from the title bar of the start sector are prepared for the 1118 , 1 ¥ 8, qe 8, \ / 18, ¥ 0, Shan, Shan, Shan, IB and II B, adjacent to the area adjacent to the sub-group or sub-group-ray radiation and the secondary disk group constituting a boundary line for the subgroup elements in the region defined by a sector of the title bar;

[0015] 镧-锕系盘设于主族盘的第二象限和第三象限,镧-锕系盘上刻有第三螺线(31)和14条端点在第三螺线(31)起始点的镧-锕射线(32),第三螺线(31)和位于第二象限及第三象限部分的第一螺线全等,位于第三螺线(31)最外层的为锕系元素,位于锕系序列内层的为镧系元素; [0015] Lanthanum - provided in the second quadrant of the disc main group and third quadrants actinides disc, lanthanum - engraved with a third spiral (31) on the disc and actinide end 14 of the third spiral (31) from starting point of the lanthanum - actinium rays (32), a third spiral (31) and in the second quadrant and the third quadrant congruent first spiral portion, a third spiral (31) of the outermost layer actinide elements, actinides sequence located inner layer is a lanthanide;

[0016] 主族盘、副族盘和镧-锕系盘这三者的中心点互相重合且互相连接。 [0016] disc main group, and subgroup disc lanthanide - actinide these three disc center point coincide with each other and connected to each other.

[0017] 所述的转盘式化学元素周期表显示盘,其特征是:副族盘和镧-锕系盘都以各自的X轴为对称轴对折且都使刻有螺线的一面折向内,将副族盘第三象限部分未刻螺线的一面和镧-锕系盘第二象限部分未刻螺线的一面互相贴合,贴合时副族盘的X轴负半轴和镧-锕系盘的X轴负半轴互相对齐,副族盘的I轴负半轴和镧-锕系盘的I轴正半轴互相对齐; [0017] The carousel periodic table display panel, wherein: the sub-plate and lanthanide Group - actinides disc are in their respective X-axis and an axis of symmetry are folded so engraved spiral inwardly folded side the third quadrant of the disc subgroups not engraved spiral portion side, and lanthanum - actinides second quadrant plate engraved spiral portions not bonded to each side, attached to the X-axis negative timely subgroup disc axle and lanthanum - X-axis negative actinide disc axle aligned with each other, the sub-group I-axis negative disc axle and lanthanum - I-axis positive actinide disc axle aligned with each other;

[0018] 将主族盘的Y轴负半轴裁开,将主族盘第三象限部分未刻螺线的一面和副族盘第二象限部分未刻螺线的一面互相贴合,贴合时主族盘的X轴负半轴和副族盘的X轴负半轴互相对齐,主族盘的I轴负半轴和副族盘的I轴正半轴互相对齐。 [0018] The group Y-axis of the main axle disc negative cut open, the main group is not part of the third quadrant plate engraved spiral plate group side and a second sub-quadrant engraved spiral portions not bonded to each side, bonded negative subgroup disc axle and the main axis X of the X-axis negative plate group axle aligned with each other, the I-axis negative plate main group and subgroup of the axle disc positive I axis aligned with each other axle.

[0019] 所述的转盘式化学元素周期表显示盘,其特征是:主族盘第一螺线的延伸方向为逆时针方向或顺时针方向。 [0019] The display panel of the periodic table of the carousel, characterized in that: the disc extending direction of the first main group of spirals counterclockwise or clockwise.

[0020] 所述的转盘式化学元素周期表显示盘,其特征是:主族盘的X轴负半轴处设有合叶或销轴,主族盘的起始点处设有止裂孔。 [0020] The carousel periodic table display panel, wherein: X axis negative plate main group is provided at the axle or hinge pin, the starting point of the main group is provided with locking disc hole.

[0021] 本实用新型使用时,主族盘I显示主族元素,翻折圆盘4可依次显示副族元素和镧系元素及锕系元素,具有演示清晰、直观,结构简单,使用方便的优点。 [0021] When the present invention is used, the disk main group I shows the main group elements, the disc 4 may be displayed sequentially folded subgroup elements and the lanthanides and actinides, with presentation clear and intuitive, simple structure, easy to use advantage.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0022] 图1是本实用新型中主族盘的结构示意图; [0022] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the present invention, the master disk group;

[0023] 图2是本实用新型中副族盘的结构示意图; [0023] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the present invention in the sub-group of the disc;

[0024] 图3是本实用新型中镧-锕系盘的结构示意图; [0024] FIG. 3 is a lanthanide in the present invention - a schematic structure of the disc actinides;

[0025] 图4是本实用新型使用时显示副族盘的示意图; [0025] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the display sub-family of the disc using the present invention;

[0026] 图5是本实用新型使用时显示镧-锕系盘的示意图。 [0026] FIG. 5 is a lanthanum display using the present invention - a schematic actinides disc.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0027] 以下通过具体实施例进一步说明本实用新型。 [0027] The present invention is further described below by way of specific examples.

[0028] 实施例1 [0028] Example 1

[0029] 一种转盘式化学元素周期表显示盘,包括主族盘1、副族盘2和镧-锕系盘3,如图1〜图3所示,具体结构是: [0029] A rotary display panel of the periodic table, comprising a tray main group 1, subgroup 2 and lanthanum disc - actinides plate 3, as shown in FIG. 1 ~ 3, a specific configuration is:

[0030] 主族盘I如图1所示,主族盘I上刻有一条第一螺线11,第一螺线11的内端点设于主族盘I内部,第一螺线11的外端点在主族盘I的边缘上; [0030] I main group of the disc 1, a first engraved with spiral plate 11 on the main group I, the first spiral 11 is provided inside the end plate main group I, the first outer spiral 11 on the end edges of the main group I of the disc;

[0031] 以第一螺线11的内端点为原点,以第一螺线11内端点处的切线作为y轴,以垂直于y轴且经过第一螺线11内端点的直线作为X轴,X轴和I轴作为坐标轴线; [0031] In the end of the first spiral 11 is the origin, the tangent to the inner end 11 of the first spiral at the y-axis, y-axis and perpendicular to the straight line passing through the endpoints of the first spiral 11 as an X-axis, I-axis and the X-axis as coordinate axes;

[0032] 以第一螺线11的内端点为起始点向外延伸,不计起始点,第一螺线11第I次和χ轴相交时共有1/2圈,第一螺线11第I次和y轴相交时共有3/4圈,第一螺线11第2次和χ轴相交时共有I圈,第一螺线11第2次和y轴相交时共有5/4圈,即:第一螺线11第η次和χ轴相交时共有η/2圈,第一螺线11第η次和y轴时共有l/4+n/2圈,第一螺线11至少有35/4圈; [0032] In the end of the first spiral 11 extends outwardly as a starting point, excluding the starting point, the first spiral 11 and the I-th time axis intersecting χ total of 1/2 turn, 11 of the first spiral I th when the y-axis and intersects total 3/4 turn, the first spiral 11 and the 2nd-axis intersecting χ total ring I, a first spiral 11 2 nd and y axes intersect total 5/4 circle, namely: a first a spiral of 11 times η η and χ axes intersect total / 2 times, a total of 11 l of the y-axis and η times a first spiral / 4 + n / 2 turns, at least a first spiral 11 35/4 ring;

[0033] 以第一螺线11第2次和χ轴相交时的部分作为第I圈,以第一螺线11第4次和第2次分别相交于χ轴之间的部分作为第2圈,S卩:以第一螺线11第2n次和第2n+l次分别相交于χ轴之间的部分作为第η圈; [0033] When the portion to intersect the first spiral 11 and the 2nd axis as the lap χ I, 11 to 4th and 2nd intersecting the first spiral portion between the χ axis, as a second ring , S Jie: a first spiral 11 of the 2n th and 2n + l times respectively intersect at a portion between the first shaft η χ ring;

[0034] 以第一螺线11起始的1/2圈所在的象限为第二象限,和第二象限相邻且和第二象限共同位于X轴同侧的为第一象限,和第二象限相邻且和第二象限相对位于X轴异侧的为第三象限,另一象限为第四象限,根据第一象限的位置相应确定X轴和y轴的正方向; [0034] In the first quadrant of the spiral coil 11 is located 1/2 of starting a second quadrant and a second quadrant and the second quadrant are adjacent and co-located on the same side of the axis X is a first quadrant and a second the adjacent quadrant and the second quadrant, and the X axis relative to the opposite side of the third quadrant, the fourth quadrant to another quadrant, the respective X-axis positive direction is determined and the y-axis position according to the first quadrant;

[0035] 每个象限内都刻有一条经过原点的主族射线12,每条主族射线12都将主族射线12所在的象限分成两部分,沿主族射线12方向相邻的第一螺线11、主族射线12以及和该条主族射线12相邻的坐标轴构成一个扇区; [0035] The first spiral is engraved with a ray passing through the origin of the main group 12, each of the main group 12 are quadrant-ray radiation where the main group is divided into two portions 12, 12 adjacent in the main direction of the radiation group in each quadrant line 11, and the main group 12 and the radiation ray piece main group 12 adjacent to the axis constituting a sector;

[0036] 以第一象限内以χ轴、第一象限内主族射线12和第一螺线11的内端点构成的封闭区域为起始扇区,自起始扇区起按第一螺线11的延伸方向,由第一螺线11的第I圈和第2圈构成的为第I环,由第一螺线11的第2圈和第3圈构成的为第2环,S卩:由第一螺线11的第η圈和第n+1圈构成的部分为第η环; [0036] In the first quadrant to χ axis, the first quadrant region enclosed within the main group of rays 12 and the first end 11 of the spiral configuration of a starting sector, starting from the starting sector in a first spiral extending in a direction 11, constituted by a first spiral coil I and the second coil 11 for the first ring I, formed by the first spiral of the second coil and the third coil 11 of the second ring, S Jie: consisting of a first spiral and the second coil η n + 1 as the first coil portion 11 η ring;

[0037] 第一螺线11的第I环为主族标题栏,所述主族标题栏内的各个扇区自起始扇区起分别编为IA、II A、IIIA、IVA、VA、VIA、VnA和0,第一螺线11的第2环为第I周期,第一螺线11的第3环为第2周期,S卩:自第一螺线11的第2环起,第一螺线11的第η环为第η-l周期,每条主族射线12和相邻的坐标轴线构成的区域为该区域内标题栏内扇区所定义的主族元素; Ring I of [0037] a first spiral 11 of the main title bar group, each sector of the main group, from the title bar of the start sector are prepared for IA, II A, IIIA, IVA, VA, VIA , VnA and 0, the first spiral of the second ring 11 for the first period I, the third ring 11 is a first spiral second cycle, S Jie: from the first spiral from the second ring 11, a first [eta] 11 of the first spiral ring η-l for the first cycle, main group elements defined for the title bar of each sector in the region of main group 12 and ray area coordinate axes constituting adjacent;

[0038] 副族盘2如图2所示,副族盘2设于主族盘I的第二象限和第三象限,副族盘2上刻有第二螺线21和9条端点在第二螺线21起始点的副族射线22,第二螺线21和位于第二象限及第三象限部分的第一螺线11全等,位于第二螺线21最外层的为第8环即第7周期,自第8环起向中心部分依次为第7环即第6周期、第6环即第5周期、第5环即第4周期、第4环作为副族标题栏,所述副族标题栏内的各个扇区自起始扇区起分别编为IIIB、IVB、VB、νίΒ,νΠΒ,νίΠ,νΠΙ,νΠΙ, IB和II B,相邻的副族射线22或相邻的副族射线22和副族盘2边界线构成的区域为该区域内标题栏内扇区所定义的副族元素; [0038] As shown in FIG 2 subgroup of the disc, the disc subgroup 2 disposed in the second quadrant of main group I and the third quadrant of the disc, a second subgroup of the engraved spiral disk 21 and 9 at its upper end 22 two spiral 21 of sub-group starting rays 22, 21 and the second spiral in the second quadrant and the third quadrant of the first spiral portion 11 congruent spiral 21 in the second outermost layer for the first ring 8 i.e., 7 cycles, starting from the first loop toward the central portion 8 of the order of 7 ring i.e. the sixth cycle, the fifth cycle i.e. ring 6, ring 5, i.e. the fourth period, the fourth sub aromatic ring as the title bar, the each sector sub-group from the title bar of the start sector are prepared for the IIIB, IVB, VB, νίΒ, νΠΒ, νίΠ, νΠΙ, νΠΙ, IB and II B, adjacent subgroup or adjacent rays 22 subgroups ray subgroup elements within the title bar area for a sector area 22 and the sub-family disc 2 constitutes the boundary line as defined;

[0039] 镧-锕系盘3如图3所示,镧-锕系盘3设于主族盘I的第二象限和第三象限,镧-锕系盘3上刻有第三螺线31和14条端点在第三螺线31起始点的镧-锕射线32,第三螺线31和位于第二象限及第三象限部分的第一螺线11全等,位于第三螺线31最外层的为锕系元素,位于锕系序列内层的为镧系元素; [0039] The lanthanide - actinide disc shown in FIG. 3, La 3 - actinide disc tray 3 provided in the main group I in the second quadrant and the third quadrant, lanthanum - 3 actinide plate engraved with a third spiral 31 14 and a third endpoint lanthanum spiral starting point 31 - 32 actinides rays, and third spiral 31 in the second quadrant and the third quadrant of the first spiral portion 11 congruent spiral 31 in the third most the outer layer is actinides, actinides sequence positioned inner layer is a lanthanide;

[0040] 主族盘1、副族盘2和镧-锕系盘3这三者的中心点互相重合且互相连接。 [0040] The main group of the disk 1, and disk 2 subgroups lanthanide - actinide plate 3 of these three center point coincide with each other and connected to each other.

[0041 ] 本实施例中,副族盘2和镧-锕系盘3都以各自的χ轴为对称轴对折且都使刻有螺线的一面折向内,将副族盘2第三象限部分未刻螺线的一面和镧-锕系盘3第二象限部分未刻螺线的一面互相贴合,贴合时副族盘2的χ轴负半轴和镧-锕系盘3的χ轴负半轴互相对齐,副族盘2的y轴负半轴和镧-锕系盘3的y轴正半轴互相对齐; [0041] In this embodiment, the sub-group, and lanthanum disc 2 - actinides disc 3 are in their respective symmetry axis χ axis and are folded so engraved spiral inwardly folded side, the third quadrant subgroup disc 2 No engraved spiral portion side, and lanthanum - actinides second quadrant portion of the disc 3 is not engraved spiral bonded to each side, attached to the shaft [chi] timely negative subgroup disc axle and lanthanum 2 - [chi] 3 is the disc actinide negative axle shaft aligned with each other, the disk sub-group 2 negative y-axis axle and lanthanum - aligned with each other actinides disc positive y-axis of the axle 3;

[0042] 将主族盘I的y轴负半轴裁开,将主族盘I第三象限部分未刻螺线的一面和副族盘2第二象限部分未刻螺线的一面互相贴合,贴合时主族盘I的χ轴负半轴和副族盘2的X轴负半轴互相对齐,主族盘I的I轴负半轴和副族盘2的y轴正半轴互相对齐。 [0042] The main groups I a y-axis negative plate axle cut open, the third quadrant of main group I disc portions not engraved spiral disc 2 side and a second subgroup quadrant engraved spiral portions not bonded to each other side , of bonding of main group I of χ disc axle shaft negative subgroup and a negative plate 2 the X-axis aligned with each axle, and a negative subgroup disc axle shaft of main group I of disk I y each axle shaft 2 n alignment.

[0043] 主族盘I第一螺线11的延伸方向可选逆时针方向或顺时针方向,本实施例选用逆时针方向。 [0043] The extending direction of the first main group I spiral disk 11 clockwise or counterclockwise alternative, embodiment of the present embodiment selection counterclockwise.

[0044] 本实施例使用时,先使主族盘I的第三象限部分和主族盘的第四象限部分拼合,如图1所示,此时主族盘I显示主族元素;沿主族盘I的X轴负半轴翻折主族盘I的第三象限部分,使副族盘2的第二象限部分翻折至主族盘I的第二象限处,如图4所示,此时整个副族盘2都显示在主族盘I的第二象限和第三象限处; When [0044] using embodiments of the present embodiment, the first main group I to the fourth quadrant of the disk portion of the third quadrant of the split disc portion and the main group shown in Figure 1, the disk case of main group I shows the main elements; in the main group I of the X-axis negative plate the folding axle of main group I of the third quadrant of the disc portion, the sub-group of the disc portion 2 in the second quadrant to the second quadrant folded plate main group I, shown in Figure 4, in this case the whole tray 2 subgroups are shown in the second quadrant and the third quadrant of the I main group of disks;

[0045] 沿副族盘2的χ轴负半轴翻折副族盘2的第三象限部分,使镧-锕系盘3的第二象限部分翻折至主族盘I的第二象限处,如图5所示,此时整个镧-锕系盘3都显示在主族盘I的第二象限和第三象限处。 [0045] The negative part of the third quadrant of side plate 2 is folded along the sub-group sub-group of the disc 2 χ axis, lanthanum - the second quadrant portion actinide folded plate 3 to the second main group I quadrant tray shown in Figure 5, this time the entire lanthanide - actinide disc 3 show a second quadrant and the third quadrant of the I main group disk.

[0046] 本实施例中,主族盘1、副族盘2和镧-锕系盘3可以选用纸张、塑料、金属片等材料制成;为防止翻折处材料疲劳导致断裂,可在翻折处用合叶、销轴等连接;为防止中心处应力集中,可在起始点处打一止裂孔。 [0046] In the present embodiment, the disc main group 1, subgroup 2 and disc lanthanum embodiment - actinide disc 3 can use paper, plastic, sheet metal and other materials; folded to prevent fatigue fracture of the material results, may be turned at a folding hinge, pin connector and the like; to prevent stress concentration at the center, to play a stop hole at the starting point.

[0047] 说明:1.为简便清晰起见,图1〜图5中仅标注了化学元素符号,实际使用时,根据需要可标注原子序数、核外电子排列、原子量等内容,也可将主族元素、副族元素、放射性元素的扇区分别涂以不同的背景色以示区别; [0047] Note: 1. For the sake of clarity, only FIG. 1 ~ 5 are denoted by the chemical element symbols, the actual use, labeling may be needed atomic number, arrangement extranuclear, atomic content, etc., may also be a main group elements, sub-elements, radioactive elements are coated with a sector different background colors to distinguish;

[0048] 2.元素周期表的第7周期为不完全周期,随着科学技术的发展,如有新元素被发现,可在空扇区处依次继续填写; [0048] 2. The period of the Periodic Table of incomplete cycle 7, with the development of science and technology, if the new element is found and can continue to fill in the empty sectors sequentially at;

[0049] 3.由于现在已制备出若干惰性气体的化合物,因此已有元素周期表将零族改称VDIA族,将珊族改称珊B族,本实施例仍沿用传统的族名; [0049] 3. Now that a number of compounds have been prepared in an inert gas, and therefore have zero group of the periodic table Group VDIA renamed, the renamed Shan Shan Group B Group, the present embodiment still follow the traditional name of a group;

[0050] 4.由于H元素也能形成负一价的[H—]化合物,因此也有部分元素周期表将H元素同时列在第I周期的第IA族和第vn A族。 [0050] 4. The element can also be formed due to the H minus one monovalent compound [H-], so there are some elements of the periodic table listed in both the H Group IA and Group I vn A period.

Claims (4)

1.一种转盘式化学元素周期表显示盘,包括主族盘(1),其特征是:还包括副族盘(2)和镧-锕系盘(3), 主族盘⑴上刻有一条第一螺线(11),第一螺线(11)的内端点设于主族盘⑴内部,第一螺线(11)的外端点在主族盘⑴的边缘上; 以第一螺线(11)的内端点为原点,以第一螺线(11)内端点处的切线作为y轴,以垂直于y轴且经过第一螺线(11)内端点的直线作为X轴,X轴和1轴作为坐标轴线; 以第一螺线(11)的内端点为起始点向外延伸,不计起始点,第一螺线(11)第1次和X轴相交时共有1/2圈,第一螺线(11)第1次和y轴相交时共有3/4圈,第一螺线(11)第2次和X轴相交时共有1圈,第一螺线(11)第2次和y轴相交时共有5/4圈,即:第一螺线(11)第η次和X轴相交时共有η/2圈,第一螺线(11)第η次和y轴时共有(l/4+n/2)圈,第一螺线(11)至少有35/4圈; 以第一螺线(11)第2次和X轴相交时的部分作为第1圈,以 A rotary display panel of the periodic table, including main group disk (1), characterized in that: the group further includes a sub-plate (2), and lanthanum - actinides disc (3), engraved on the disc main group ⑴ a first spiral (11), the inner end of the first spiral (11) is disposed inside the main group ⑴ disc, the outer end of the first spiral (11) of the main group ⑴ disc edge; a first spiral the end of the line (11) as an origin, the tangent to the inner end of the first spiral (11) as the y-axis, perpendicular to the y axis and passing through the end of the first spiral (11) as a linear axis X, X axis and the axis as the coordinate axes; to when the endpoint of the first spiral (11) extending outwardly of the start point, excluding the starting point, the first spiral (11) and the 1st half of the X-axis intersects the circle total a first spiral (11) when the 1st and the y-axis intersecting the total 3/4 turn, the first spiral (11) The second and the X axis intersects a total of one turn of the first spiral (11) 2 times and the y-axis intersects total 5/4 circle, namely: a total of the first spiral (11) the first total η η times the X-axis and crossing / 2 turns, a first spiral (11) and a y-axis views of η (l / 4 + n / 2) turns, a first spiral (11) has at least 35/4 ring; a first spiral portion at the 2nd and X axes intersect (11) as the first circle, to 第一螺线(11)第4次和第2次分别相交于X轴之间的部分作为第2圈,即:以第一螺线(11)第2n次和第2(n+l)次分别相交于X轴之间的部分作为第η圈; 以第一螺线(11)起始的1/2圈所在的象限为第二象限,和第二象限相邻且和第二象限共同位于X轴同侧的为第一象限,和第二象限相邻且和第二象限相对位于X轴异侧的为第三象限,另一象限为第四象限,根据第一象限的位置相应确定X轴和1轴的正方向; 每个象限内都刻有一条经过原点的主族射线(12),每条主族射线(12)都将主族射线(12)所在的象限分成两部分,沿主族射线(12)方向相邻的第一螺线(11)、主族射线(12)以及和该条主族射线(12)相邻的坐标轴构成一个扇区; 以第一象限内以X轴、第一象限内主族射线(12)和第一螺线(11)的内端点构成的封闭区域为起始扇区,自起始扇区起按第一螺线(11)的延伸方向,由第一螺线(11)的第1 A first spiral (11) and fourth times, respectively, the second portion intersects the X axis as between the second lap, that is: a first spiral (11) and the 2n th 2 (n + l) times respectively, intersects the portion between the X-axis as the η ring; a first spiral (11) 1/2 turn starting quadrant where the second quadrant, the second quadrant and the second quadrant are adjacent and co-located and the same side of the axis X is a first quadrant and a second quadrant and a second quadrant adjacent and opposing opposite side of the X axis is the third quadrant, the fourth quadrant to another quadrant, the first quadrant according to the respective determined positions X 1-axis and the positive direction of the axis; engraved in each quadrant are a ray passing through the origin of the main group (12), each main group rays (12) are the main group-ray quadrant (12) divided into two parts is located along the a first spiral (11) rays main group (12) adjacent to the direction of main group-ray (12) and the main group and strip-ray (12) adjacent to the coordinate axes constituting a sector; in the first quadrant to X-axis, the first quadrant ray main group (12) and a first spiral (11) within an enclosed area for start sector endpoints configured, since the start sector extends in a first spiral (11) direction, by a first spiral (11) in a first 和第2圈构成的为第1环,由第一螺线(11)的第2圈和第3圈构成的为第2环,S卩:由第一螺线(11)的第η圈和第η+1圈构成的部分为第η环; 第一螺线(11)的第1环为主族标题栏,所述主族标题栏内的各个扇区自起始扇区起分别编为IA、II A、IIIA、IVA、VA、VIA、VnA和0,第一螺线(11)的第2环为第1周期,第一螺线(11)的第3环为第2周期,S卩:自第一螺线(11)的第2环起,第一螺线(11)的第η环为第η-1周期,每条主族射线(12)和相邻的坐标轴线构成的区域为该区域内标题栏内扇区所定义的主族元素; 副族盘(2)设于主族盘(1)的第二象限和第三象限,副族盘(2)上刻有第二螺线(21)和9条端点在第二螺线(21)起始点的副族射线(22),第二螺线(21)和位于第二象限及第三象限部分的第一螺线(11)全等,位于第二螺线(21)最外层的为第8环即第7周期,自第8环起向中心部分依次为第7环即第6周期、第6 And the second ring is formed of a first ring formed of a first spiral (11) of the second ring and the third ring to the second ring, S Jie: a first spiral (11) and the first ring η the first portion made η + 1 for the first [eta] cycloalkyl ring; a first spiral (11) of the first ring-based aromatic title bar, from each sector from the starting sector of the title bar of the main group were prepared for IA, II a, IIIA, IVA, VA, VIA, VnA and 0, the first spiral (11) of the second ring is a first period, the first spiral (11) in the third period of the second ring, S Jie: from the first spiral (11) from the second ring, the first spiral (11) [eta] η-1 for the first ring cycle, each main group of rays (12) adjacent the axis of ordinate and configuration main group elements in the title bar area for the sector of the areas defined; engraved on the second quadrant of the first subgroup plate (2) provided on the main plate group (1) and the third quadrant, subgroup disc (2) two spiral (21) and a second end 9 spiral (21) the starting point subgroup rays (22), a second spiral (21) and in the second quadrant and the third quadrant of the first spiral portion (11) are congruent, in the second spiral (21) is a first outermost ring i.e. 8 cycles 7, 8 from the first loop toward the central portion of the order of 7 ring i.e. the sixth cycle, 6 环即第5周期、第5环即第4周期、第4环作为副族标题栏,所述副族标题栏内的各个扇区自起始扇区起分别编为IIIB、IVB、VB、νίΒ,νΠΒ,νίΠ,νΠΙ,νΠΙ, I Β和II Β,相邻的副族射线(22)或相邻的副族射线(22)和副族盘(2)边界线构成的区域为该区域内标题栏内扇区所定义的副族元素; 镧-锕系盘⑶设于主族盘⑴的第二象限和第三象限,镧-锕系盘⑶上刻有第三螺线(31)和14条端点在第三螺线(31)起始点的镧-锕射线(32),第三螺线(31)和位于第二象限及第三象限部分的第一螺线(11)全等,位于第三螺线(31)最外层的为锕系元素,位于锕系序列内层的为镧系元素;主族盘(I)、副族盘(2)和镧-锕系盘(3)这三者的中心点互相重合且互相连接;副族盘(2)和镧-锕系盘(3)都以各自的X轴为对称轴对折且都使刻有螺线的一面折向内,将副族盘(2)第三象限部分未刻螺线的一面和镧-锕系盘(3) I.e. 5 ring cycle, i.e. 5 ring fourth period, the fourth aromatic ring as a sub title bar, the respective sectors of the sub-group from the title bar of the start sector are prepared for the IIIB, IVB, VB, νίΒ , νΠΒ, νίΠ, νΠΙ, νΠΙ, I Β and II Β, adjacent sub-region within the region aromatic rays constituting the boundary line (22) or an adjacent subgroup rays (22) and the sub-family disc (2) the title bar sector defined subgroup elements; lanthanide - actinide group provided on the main disc tray ⑶ ⑴ second quadrant and the third quadrant, lanthanum - engraved with a third spiral (31) and the actinide disc ⑶ 14 in a third spiral end (31) of the starting point of the lanthanum - actinides ray (32), a third spiral (31) and in the second quadrant and the third quadrant of the first spiral portion (11) are congruent, a third spiral (31) for the outermost layer actinides, actinides sequence positioned inner layer is a lanthanide; master disc group (the I), subgroup disc (2), and lanthanum - actinides disc (3 ) of these three center point coincide with each other and connected to each other; subgroup disc (2), and lanthanum - actinides disc (3) are in their respective X-axis and an axis of symmetry are folded so engraved spiral inwardly folded side the subgroup plate (2) is not part of the third quadrant spiral engraved side, and lanthanum - actinides disc (3) 第二象限部分未刻螺线的一面互相贴合,贴合时副族盘(2)的X轴负半轴和镧-锕系盘(3)的X轴负半轴互相对齐,副族盘(2)的y轴负半轴和镧-锕系盘(3)的y轴正半轴互相对齐;将主族盘(I)的y轴负半轴裁开,将主族盘(I)第三象限部分未刻螺线的一面和副族盘(2)第二象限部分未刻螺线的一面互相贴合,贴合时主族盘(I)的X轴负半轴和副族盘(2)的X轴负半轴互相对齐,主族盘(I)的y轴负半轴和副族盘(2)的y轴正半轴互相对齐。 No negative second quadrant engraved spiral portion side bonded to each other, the sub-group of bonding plate (2) X-axis, and lanthanum axle - actinides disc (3) of the X-axis negative axle aligned with each other, the disk sub-group negative (2) and the y-axis axle lanthanide - actinide disc (3) of the y-axis positive axis aligned with each other; negative y-axis primary disk group (I) of the axle cut open, the disc main group (I) No part of the third quadrant side and the engraved spiral subgroup disc (2) second quadrant engraved spiral portions not bonded to each side, of bonding the main disk group (I) of the X-axis negative sub group and the disc axle (2) X-axis negative axle aligned with each other, the y-axis negative master disk group (I) and a sub-group of the axle plate (2) aligned with each other in the y-axis positive axle.
2.如权利要求1所述的转盘式化学元素周期表显示盘,其特征是:主族盘(I)第一螺线(11)的延伸方向为逆时针方向或顺时针方向。 2. Rotary the periodic table of the display panel of claim 1, wherein: the primary disk group (I) a first spiral (11) extending in the clockwise or counterclockwise direction.
3.如权利要求1所述的转盘式化学元素周期表显示盘,其特征是:主族盘(I)的X轴负半轴处设有合叶或销轴,主族盘(I)的起始点处设有止裂孔。 3. Rotary Periodic Table of the display panel of claim 1, wherein: X axis of the main disk group (I) is provided at a negative axle or hinge pin, the disk main group (I) is the starting point has ended hiatus.
4.如权利要求2所述的转盘式化学元素周期表显示盘,其特征是:主族盘(I)的X轴负半轴处设有合叶或销轴,主族盘(I)的起始点处设有止裂孔。 4. Rotary Periodic Table of the display panel of claim 2, wherein: X axis of the main disk group (I) is provided at a negative axle or hinge pin, the disk main group (I) is the starting point has ended hiatus.
CN201420210766.8U 2014-04-28 2014-04-28 Rotating disc type display disc of periodic table of elements CN204102473U (en)

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