CN204100570U - A kind of coal stove - Google Patents

A kind of coal stove Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204100570U
CN204100570U CN201420558667.9U CN201420558667U CN204100570U CN 204100570 U CN204100570 U CN 204100570U CN 201420558667 U CN201420558667 U CN 201420558667U CN 204100570 U CN204100570 U CN 204100570U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heater
flue gas
coal stove
box
smoke
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420558667.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李宗华
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LANBAO GENIUS BOILER JIANGSU Co Ltd
Original Assignee
LANBAO GENIUS BOILER JIANGSU Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420558667.9U priority Critical patent/CN204100570U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204100570U publication Critical patent/CN204100570U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of coal stove, belongs to fuel apparatus technical field.It solve the problem such as existing coal stove inconvenient maintenance, feature of environmental protection difference.This coal stove comprises body of heater, between the inwall of body of heater and the outer wall of body of heater, there is storage chamber, the top of body of heater is fixed with outlet pipe, body of heater sidepiece is provided with the water storage box be connected with storage chamber, the top of water storage box is fixed with water inlet pipe, the top of water storage box is provided with the flue gas be connected with burner hearth and imports room, the top that flue gas imports room is fixed with roof door, the bottom of water storage box was provided with smoke-box, the heat exchanger tube of some tubulars is through retaining room, one end and the flue gas of heat exchanger tube import room and are connected, the other end of heat exchanger tube is connected with mistake smoke-box, flue gas imports room or crosses on smoke-box and offers outlet flue, one end of a pipe is connected with outlet flue, the other end of pipe is connected with dedusting structure.This coal stove has the advantages such as rational in infrastructure, easy to maintenance and energy-conserving and environment-protective.

Description

A kind of coal stove
Technical field
The utility model belongs to fuel apparatus technical field, relates to a kind of combustion stove, particularly a kind of coal stove.
Background technology
Known coal-fired hot-water boiler comprises combustion chamber and the second-time burning chamber that communicates with it and impact tube, and the flue adjacent with combustion chamber, second-time burning chamber and impact tube, wherein, chimney arch and the fire grate of combustion chamber are arranged in the horizontal direction, there is following shortcoming in it: 1, fire coal can not in combustion chamber Thorough combustion, a large amount of soot emissions are in air, and dust concentration and flue dust blackness exceed the discharge standard of national regulation, cause environmental pollution, waste the energy simultaneously; 2, the flue gas in second-time burning chamber directly enters impact tube and falls from smoke stack emission, also result in the waste of environmental pollution and the energy; 3, the coal-fired heat produced can not be passed in water to be heated in time fast, and the thermal efficiency is not high enough.
For above-mentioned Problems existing, applicant devises a kind of coal stove and has applied for patent [application number: 201320546776.4, Authorization Notice No.: CN203443098U], this coal stove comprises the body of heater of cabinet-type, the Lower Half of body of heater is burner hearth and body of heater offers the charging aperture be connected with burner hearth, the first half of body of heater has retaining room, body of heater has the delivery port be connected with retaining room, between burner hearth and body of heater, there is aquifer and lower portion of furnace body has the water inlet be connected with aquifer, the water inlet structure being communicated with aquifer and retaining room is provided with in burner hearth, the body of heater first half also has flue gas and imports room and lead smoke-box and retaining room imports room and lead between smoke-box at flue gas, burner hearth and flue gas are imported room and are connected by cigarette channel of crossing between the two, the heat exchanger tube of some tubulars is through retaining room, one end and the flue gas of heat exchanger tube import room and are connected, the other end of heat exchanger tube with lead smoke-box and be connected, body of heater offers the outlet flue of discharging for the flue gas through heat exchanger tube.
Above-mentioned coal stove can improve firing rate and the thermal transition efficiency of water, but because water storage box, flue gas import room, lead smoke-box, heat exchanger tube and water inlet structure and all concentrate on upper of furnace body or inside, so make the difficulty of body of heater processing and manufacturing larger, and the structure such as body of heater, water storage box has all made monolithic construction, need operate from charging aperture or outlet flue to furnace interior observation during maintenance, maintenance is inconvenience comparatively, last flue gas is discharged from outlet flue in addition, still can there are some flue dust, certain pollution can be caused, inadequate environmental protection to environment.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is for the above-mentioned problems in the prior art, provides a kind of coal stove of rational in infrastructure, easy to maintenance and energy-conserving and environment-protective.
The purpose of this utility model realizes by following technical proposal: a kind of coal stove, comprise cabinet-type and the inner body of heater for burner hearth, described upper of furnace body is connected with fire door, the fire grate being positioned at lower furnace portion is fixed with in body of heater, it is characterized in that, between the inwall of described body of heater and the outer wall of body of heater, there is storage chamber, the top of described body of heater is fixed with the outlet pipe communicated with storage chamber, described body of heater sidepiece is provided with the water storage box be connected with storage chamber, the top of described water storage box is fixed with the water inlet pipe communicated with cistern interior, the top of described water storage box is provided with the flue gas be connected with burner hearth and imports room, the top that described flue gas imports room is fixed with roof door by bolt, the bottom of described water storage box was provided with smoke-box, the heat exchanger tube of some tubulars is through retaining room, one end and the flue gas of described heat exchanger tube import room and are connected, the other end of heat exchanger tube is connected with mistake smoke-box, described flue gas imports room or crosses on smoke-box and offers outlet flue, one end of a pipe is connected with outlet flue, the other end of described pipe is connected with dedusting structure.
This coal stove, when encountering problems, can unclamp bolt and open roof door, make easy to maintenance.When this coal stove uses, water enters in water storage box from water inlet pipe, and flow in storage chamber, the coal-fired high temperature produced heats the water in storage chamber, the coal-fired high-temperature flue gas produced enters flue gas and imports indoor, flue gas imports indoor high-temperature flue gas to be passed through from heat exchanger tube, heat exchanger tube is heated, the heat energy of the water absorption heat-exchange pipe of retaining indoor, water temperature raises, water after heating flow to again in storage chamber, water temperature absorbs the high temperature in burner hearth again, easily rise to the water temperature requiring to reach, go out hot water efficiency high, high-temperature flue gas is expelled to dedusting structure from pipe, dedusting structure carries out dedusting to high-temperature flue gas, make the flue gas of final discharge not containing harmful dust, can not to environment, the feature of environmental protection is good.
In above-mentioned a kind of coal stove, the middle part that described flue gas imports room is fixed with the dividing plate flue gas room of importing being divided into left chamber and right chamber, and described left chamber is communicated in burner hearth by flue gas tube connector, and described outlet flue is opened in described right chamber.First high-temperature flue gas enters left chamber, then enters in smoke-box through the heat exchanger tube be connected with left chamber, then enters in right chamber through the heat exchanger tube be connected with right chamber, such high-temperature flue gas heat-exchange time in water storage box is long, utilize fully to high-temperature flue gas, heat exchange area is large, and thermal transition efficiency is high.
In above-mentioned a kind of coal stove, described roof door inwall is fixed with interlayer, and described interlayer and dividing plate are asbestos and make.
In above-mentioned a kind of coal stove, described dedusting structure comprise to be connected with pipe and vertically arrange draw smoke pipe, described smoke pipe bottom of drawing is fixed with air-introduced machine, the described top of drawing smoke pipe is connected with the top of the dust removing tube vertically arranged, the top of described dust removing tube offers exhaust opening, and the bottom of described dust removing tube is connected with and stores dirt case.Air-introduced machine works, and make flue gas enter dust removing tube from drawing smoke pipe, under gravity, the dust in flue gas drops in storing in dirt case, and harmless flue gas is discharged from exhaust opening.
In above-mentioned a kind of coal stove, described air-introduced machine is fixed on and stores on dirt case, the tapered shape in bottom of dust removing tube.Directly can will store dirt case and air-introduced machine is together carried, convenient in carrying, and can avoid air-introduced machine clashing and breaking, the dust of flue gas under gravity, can drop along the dust removing tube bottom of cone-shaped, can not be built-up in dust removing tube.
In above-mentioned a kind of coal stove, the top of described body of heater is connected with the temp probe stretching into storage chamber.Intuitively can draw leaving water temperature by temp probe, practicality is good.
In above-mentioned a kind of coal stove, described lower portion of furnace body offers the cleaning door one communicated with burner hearth, and described smoke-box of crossing offers cleaning door two, and described cleaning door one and cleaning door two are all connected with ash-digging gate.Such easy cleaning cigarette ash.
In above-mentioned a kind of coal stove, the bottom of described body of heater is connected with the blow-off pipe be connected with storage chamber.Sewage in storage chamber can be discharged by blow-off pipe.
In above-mentioned a kind of coal stove, described body of heater is connected on same base with the bottom crossing smoke-box, and described base both sides are all fixed with the scrap (bridge) of multiple tracks frame-shaped.During carrying, in the scrap (bridge) by fork truck inserted base, scrap (bridge) is avoided this coal stove to rock dropping, thus promotes this coal stove of carrying easily and safely.
In above-mentioned a kind of coal stove, between described body of heater and base, excessively, between smoke-box and base, be equipped with refractory cement.Such long service life, good heat-insulation effect, can avoid the heat injury to installation ground.
Compared with prior art, this coal stove reasonable structural arrangement, fired coal combustion is abundant, and flue gas Thorough combustion forms high-temperature flue gas, makes firing rate and the thermal transition efficiency of water, and easy to maintenance, energy-conserving and environment-protective, and carrying also more for convenience.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the main TV structure cross-sectional schematic of this coal stove.
Fig. 2 is the plan structure schematic diagram of this coal stove.
Fig. 3 is the backsight structural representation of this coal stove.
In figure, 1, body of heater; 1a, burner hearth; 2, fire door; 3, fire grate; 4, storage chamber; 6, outlet pipe; 7, bridge piece; 8, smoke pipe is crossed; 9, water storage box; 10, water inlet pipe; 11, flue gas imports room; 11a, left chamber; 11b, right chamber; 12, roof door; 13, smoke-box is crossed; 14, heat exchanger tube; 15, outlet flue; 16, pipe; 17, dividing plate; 18, interlayer; 19, smoke pipe is drawn; 20, air-introduced machine; 21, dust removing tube; 22, exhaust opening; 23, dirt case is stored; 24, temp probe; 25, cleaning door one; 26, cleaning door two; 27, ash-digging gate; 28, blow-off pipe; 29, base; 30, scrap (bridge); 31, refractory cement.
Detailed description of the invention
Be below specific embodiment of the utility model and by reference to the accompanying drawings, the technical solution of the utility model is further described, but the utility model be not limited to these embodiments.
As Fig. 1, shown in Fig. 2, that this coal stove comprises cabinet-type and the inner body of heater 1 for burner hearth 1a, body of heater 1 top is connected with fire door 2, the fire grate 3 being positioned at burner hearth 1a bottom is fixed with in body of heater 1, between the inwall of body of heater 1 and the outer wall of body of heater 1, there is storage chamber 4, the top of body of heater 1 is fixed with the outlet pipe 6 communicated with storage chamber 4, the top of body of heater 1 is connected with the temp probe 24 stretching into storage chamber 4, body of heater 1 sidepiece is provided with water storage box 9, water storage box 9 is connected with storage chamber 4 by bridge piece 7, the top of water storage box 9 is fixed with the water inlet pipe 10 communicated with water storage box 9 inside, the top of water storage box 9 is provided with flue gas and imports room 11, flue gas importing room 11 was passed through smoke pipe 8 and was connected with burner hearth 1a, the top that flue gas imports room 11 is fixed with roof door 12 by bolt, the bottom of water storage box 9 was provided with smoke-box 13, the heat exchanger tube 14 of some tubulars is through retaining room, one end and the flue gas of heat exchanger tube 14 import room 11 and are connected, the other end of heat exchanger tube 14 is connected with mistake smoke-box 13, flue gas imports room 11 or crosses on smoke-box 13 and offers outlet flue 15, one end of a pipe 16 is connected with outlet flue 15, the other end of pipe 16 is connected with dedusting structure.
Describe in detail further, as shown in Figure 1, in the present embodiment, the middle part of flue gas importing room 11 is fixed with and flue gas is imported the dividing plate 17 that room 11 is divided into left chamber 11a and right chamber 11b, left chamber 11a is communicated in burner hearth 1a by flue gas tube connector, outlet flue 15 is opened in right chamber 11b, roof door 12 inwall is fixed with interlayer 18, and interlayer 18 and dividing plate 17 are asbestos and make.As shown in Figure 3, dedusting structure comprise to be connected with pipe 16 and vertically arrange draw smoke pipe 19, draw smoke pipe 19 bottom and be fixed with air-introduced machine 20, the top of drawing smoke pipe 19 is connected with the top of the dust removing tube 21 vertically arranged, the top of dust removing tube 21 offers exhaust opening 22, the bottom of dust removing tube 21 is connected with and stores dirt case 23, and air-introduced machine 20 is fixed on and stores on dirt case 23, the tapered shape in bottom of dust removing tube 21.
Conveniently clear up cigarette ash, body of heater 1 bottom offers the cleaning door 1 communicated with burner hearth 1a, and cross smoke-box 13 and offer cleaning door 2 26, cleaning door 1 and cleaning door 2 26 are all connected with ash-digging gate 27; Conveniently discharge the sewage in storage chamber 4, the bottom of body of heater 1 is connected with the blow-off pipe 28 be connected with storage chamber 4; In order to convenient in carrying, body of heater 1 is connected on same base 29 with the bottom crossing smoke-box 13, and base 29 both sides are all fixed with the scrap (bridge) 30 of multiple tracks frame-shaped; In order to heat insulation, avoid bottom surface heat injury, between body of heater 1 and base 29, cross between smoke-box 13 and base 29 and be equipped with refractory cement 31.
This coal stove is when encountering problems, and can unclamp bolt and open roof door 12, such coal stove inside is intuitively presented in face of maintenance person, makes easy to maintenance.When this coal stove uses, water enters in water storage box 9 from water inlet pipe 10, and flow in storage chamber 4, the coal-fired high temperature produced heats the water in storage chamber 4, the coal-fired high-temperature flue gas produced enters flue gas and imports in room 11, first high-temperature flue gas enters left chamber 11a, heat exchanger tube 14 again through being connected with left chamber 11a entered in smoke-box 13, heat exchanger tube 14 again through being connected with right chamber 11b enters in right chamber 11b, such high-temperature flue gas heat-exchange time in water storage box 9 is long, utilize fully to high-temperature flue gas, heat exchange area is large, thermal transition efficiency is high, the heat energy of the water absorption heat-exchange pipe 14 in water storage box 9, water temperature raises, water after heating flow to again in storage chamber 4, water temperature absorbs the high temperature in burner hearth 1a again, easily rise to the water temperature requiring to reach, go out hot water efficiency high, high-temperature flue gas after utilization enters pipe 16 from outlet flue 15, air-introduced machine 20 work makes the flue gas in pipe 16 enter to draw smoke pipe 19, enter in dust removing tube 21 again, the dust of flue gas under gravity, can fall to along dust removing tube 21 bottom of cone-shaped stores in dirt case 23, and can not be built-up in dust removing tube 21, harmless flue gas is discharged from exhaust opening 22, can not pollute, the feature of environmental protection is good.
Specific embodiment described herein is only to the explanation for example of the utility model spirit.The utility model person of ordinary skill in the field can make various amendment or supplements or adopt similar mode to substitute to described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present utility model or surmount the scope that appended claims defines.
Although more employ body of heater 1 herein, burner hearth 1a, fire door 2, fire grate 3, storage chamber 4, outlet pipe 6, bridge piece 7, cross smoke pipe 8, water storage box 9, water inlet pipe 10, flue gas imports room 11, left chamber 11a, right chamber 11b, roof door 12, cross smoke-box 13, heat exchanger tube 14, outlet flue 15, pipe 16, dividing plate 17, interlayer 18, draw smoke pipe 19, air-introduced machine 20, dust removing tube 21, exhaust opening 22, store dirt case 23, temp probe 24, cleaning door 1, cleaning door 2 26, ash-digging gate 27, blow-off pipe 28, base 29, scrap (bridge) 30, term such as refractory cement 31 grade, but do not get rid of the possibility using other term.These terms are used to be only used to describe and explain essence of the present utility model more easily; The restriction that they are construed to any one additional is all contrary with the utility model spirit.

Claims (10)

1. a coal stove, comprise cabinet-type and the inner body of heater (1) for burner hearth (1a), described body of heater (1) top is connected with fire door (2), the fire grate (3) being positioned at burner hearth (1a) bottom is fixed with in body of heater (1), it is characterized in that, between the inwall of described body of heater (1) and the outer wall of body of heater (1), there is storage chamber (4), the top of described body of heater (1) is fixed with the outlet pipe (6) communicated with storage chamber (4), described body of heater (1) sidepiece is provided with the water storage box (9) be connected with storage chamber (4), the top of described water storage box (9) is fixed with the water inlet pipe (10) communicated with water storage box (9) inside, the top of described water storage box (9) is provided with the flue gas be connected with burner hearth (1a) and imports room (11), the top that described flue gas imports room (11) is fixed with roof door (12) by bolt, the bottom of described water storage box (9) was provided with smoke-box (13), the heat exchanger tube (14) of some tubulars is through retaining room, one end and the flue gas of described heat exchanger tube (14) import room (11) and are connected, the other end of heat exchanger tube (14) is connected with mistake smoke-box (13), described flue gas imports room (11) or crosses on smoke-box (13) and offers outlet flue (15), one end of a pipe (16) is connected with outlet flue (15), the other end of described pipe (16) is connected with dedusting structure.
2. a kind of coal stove according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the middle part of described flue gas importing room (11) is fixed with and flue gas is imported the dividing plate (17) that room (11) is divided into left chamber (11a) and right chamber (11b), described left chamber (11a) is communicated in burner hearth (1a) by flue gas tube connector, and described outlet flue (15) is opened in described right chamber (11b).
3. a kind of coal stove according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described roof door (12) inwall is fixed with interlayer (18), and described interlayer (18) and dividing plate (17) are asbestos and make.
4. a kind of coal stove according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that, described dedusting structure comprise to be connected with pipe (16) and vertically arrange draw smoke pipe (19), described smoke pipe (19) bottom of drawing is fixed with air-introduced machine (20), the described top of drawing smoke pipe (19) is connected with the top of the dust removing tube (21) vertically arranged, the top of described dust removing tube (21) offers exhaust opening (22), and the bottom of described dust removing tube (21) is connected with and stores dirt case (23).
5. a kind of coal stove according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described air-introduced machine (20) is fixed on and stores on dirt case (23), the tapered shape in bottom of dust removing tube (21).
6. a kind of coal stove according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, is characterized in that, the top of described body of heater (1) is connected with the temp probe (24) stretching into storage chamber (4).
7. a kind of coal stove according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that, described body of heater (1) bottom offers the cleaning door one (25) communicated with burner hearth (1a), described smoke-box (13) of crossing offers cleaning door two (26), and described cleaning door one (25) and cleaning door two (26) are all connected with ash-digging gate (27).
8. a kind of coal stove according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, is characterized in that, the bottom of described body of heater (1) is connected with the blow-off pipe (28) be connected with storage chamber (4).
9. a kind of coal stove according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, is characterized in that, the bottom of described body of heater (1) and excessively smoke-box (13) is connected on same base (29), and described base (29) both sides are all fixed with the scrap (bridge) (30) of multiple tracks frame-shaped.
10. a kind of coal stove according to claim 9, is characterized in that, is equipped with refractory cement (31) between described body of heater (1) and base (29), excessively between smoke-box (13) and base (29).
CN201420558667.9U 2014-09-26 2014-09-26 A kind of coal stove Expired - Fee Related CN204100570U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420558667.9U CN204100570U (en) 2014-09-26 2014-09-26 A kind of coal stove

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420558667.9U CN204100570U (en) 2014-09-26 2014-09-26 A kind of coal stove

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204100570U true CN204100570U (en) 2015-01-14

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Country Link
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104807178A (en) * 2015-05-24 2015-07-29 杨飞 High-efficient non-coke coal burning boiler
CN105318533A (en) * 2015-06-28 2016-02-10 王书奎 Integrated multifunctional energy-saving furnace

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104807178A (en) * 2015-05-24 2015-07-29 杨飞 High-efficient non-coke coal burning boiler
CN104807178B (en) * 2015-05-24 2017-09-12 杨飞 Efficiently without burnt molded coal boiler
CN105318533A (en) * 2015-06-28 2016-02-10 王书奎 Integrated multifunctional energy-saving furnace

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150114

Termination date: 20150926

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model