CN204097855U - Deep-sea semi-submersible type lightweight modules pontoon bridge - Google Patents

Deep-sea semi-submersible type lightweight modules pontoon bridge Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204097855U
CN204097855U CN201420597115.9U CN201420597115U CN204097855U CN 204097855 U CN204097855 U CN 204097855U CN 201420597115 U CN201420597115 U CN 201420597115U CN 204097855 U CN204097855 U CN 204097855U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bridge
sea
deep
buoyancy aid
semi
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CN201420597115.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张延昌
王璞
景宝金
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中国船舶工业集团公司第七〇八研究所
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Priority to CN201420597115.9U priority Critical patent/CN204097855U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of deep-sea semi-submersible type lightweight modules pontoon bridge, comprise the unit module of at least two, telescopic gangway structure and mooring cable, described unit module comprise connect successively lower buoyancy aid, pipe steelframe braced structures, truss-type bridge and sandwich slab road surface, the shape of described lower buoyancy aid is tubular, the length direction of the lower buoyancy aid of described tubular is vertical with the length direction of described some unit modules, by telescopic gangway anatomical connectivity between described unit module, described mooring cable is connected with the two ends on described some unit module widths.The functions such as the technical solution of the utility model can realize between the islands and reefs of marine site, deep-sea, the South Sea or current, the Material Transportation of heavy-duty vehicle between islands and reefs and floating structure, personnel are current, it is a kind of safe, reliable, economic, practical Novel floating bridge structural shape, be applicable to the construction of marine site, deep-sea, South Sea islands and reefs, exploitation, also can be used as coastal waters, rivers trestle.

Description

Deep-sea semi-submersible type lightweight modules pontoon bridge

Technical field

The utility model patent relates to a kind of pontoon bridge, and more particularly, it relates to one and is applicable to deep-sea, the pontoon bridge of semi-submersible type lightweight modules.

Background technology

Reef in Chinese South Sea has the features such as area is little, distribution is wide, distance continent is far away, islands and reefs basic condition is poor, at the beginning of islands and reefs Development control area, need comprehensive coverage platform to provide production, living material, energy supply for islands and reefs, by erection pontoon bridge, carry out producing between comprehensive coverage platform and islands and reefs, living material transports is both economical feasible mode.Traditional pile foundation type trestle, the bridge of boats etc. are mainly limited to lake, land, rivers, its distinguishing feature is exactly that distance is shorter, ambient conditions is better, but for distance longer between islands and reefs and platform, the conditions such as deep water sea area, severe marine environmental conditions, the pontoon bridge of current various types is also inapplicable.The pontoon bridge pattern of research and development novel economizer practicality, overcomes the mal-condition such as deep water, long distance, severe sea condition, Material Transportation problem between solution comprehensive coverage platform and islands and reefs, to Reef in Chinese South Sea construction, ocean development carry forward vigorously significant.

Summary of the invention

Technology to be solved in the utility model overcomes the shortcoming that existing pontoon bridge can not be applicable to deep-sea adverse circumstances, a kind of deep-sea semi-submersible type lightweight modules pontoon bridge is provided, there is features such as adapting to that deep-sea severe sea condition ability strong, lightweight workload is large, modularization is easy for installation, can reuse, be safe and reliable.

Pontoon bridge of the present utility model, be achieved by the following technical programs: comprise the unit module of at least two, telescopic gangway structure and mooring cable, described unit module comprise connect successively lower buoyancy aid, pipe steelframe braced structures, truss-type bridge and sandwich slab road surface, the shape of described lower buoyancy aid is tubular, the length direction of the lower buoyancy aid of described tubular is vertical with the length direction of described some unit modules, by telescopic gangway anatomical connectivity between described unit module, described mooring cable is connected with the two ends on described some unit module widths.

Preferably, described unit module is semi-submersible type, and individual unit block length is 60m ~ 80m.

Preferably, the lower buoyancy aid of described unit module is the tubular buoyancy aid that cross section is circular, end is parabola shaped, the vertical length direction with described pontoon bridge of the length direction of described lower buoyancy aid.

Preferably, described truss-type bridge comprises vertical connected some bridge stringers and bridge crossbeam mutually.

Preferred: described pipe steelframe braced structures is made up of pipe steelframe, the height of described pipe steelframe braced structures is 6m ~ 8m, one end of described pipe steelframe braced structures is connected with described lower buoyancy aid, and the described other end of pipe steelframe braced structures is connected with the bridge stringers of described truss-type bridge and bridge crossbeam.

Preferably, described sandwich slab road surface comprises laser weld sandwich slab, and bridge stringers and the bridge crossbeam of described laser weld sandwich slab and described truss-type bridge are connected.

Preferably, described sandwich slab road surface also comprises the skid resistant course be located on laser weld sandwich slab.

Preferably, described telescopic gangway structure comprises guide support pipe and guide cylinder, one end of described guide support pipe is provided with turning cylinder, and be connected with a unit module by described turning cylinder, the other end of described guide support pipe is sheathed in described guide cylinder, and be connected with another unit module by described guide cylinder, the end face of the other end of described guide support pipe is also provided with postive stop baffle.

Preferably, described telescopic gangway structure also comprises springboard girder, lifting carriage sleeve, two Active foot plates and two coil tension springs, the two ends of described springboard girder are connected with two pieces of described Active foot plates respectively, and be connected with two unit modules respectively by described Active foot plate, the middle part of described springboard girder is connected in lifting carriage sleeve, described lifting carriage sleeve is connected with described guide support pipe, described two coil tension springs are sheathed on described guide support pipe, and are positioned at the both sides of described lifting carriage sleeve.

Preferably, under described tubular, in buoyancy aid, be also provided with hoop muscle structure, in described lower buoyancy aid, be also provided with ballast tank.

Owing to adopting technique scheme, the pontoon bridge that the utility model provides has following beneficial effect:

1. be applicable to the marine environmental conditions that deep-sea is severe, enhance the life condition of extreme sea condition, effectively reduce motion, wave and mooring load, enhance wave adaptive capacity;

2. lightweight construction, intensity is good, support works load is large;

3. unit-modularized form is convenient to dismounting, location, reusable.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of deep-sea of the present utility model semi-submersible type lightweight modules pontoon bridge;

Fig. 2 is the unit module structural representation of pontoon bridge of the present utility model;

Fig. 3 is the schematic cross-section of the unit module of pontoon bridge of the present utility model;

Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the telescopic gangway structure of pontoon bridge of the present utility model;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation on the sandwich slab road surface of pontoon bridge of the present utility model.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model patent is described further:

As shown in Figures 1 and 2, the pontoon bridge of this utility model connects into adjustable length pontoon bridge by multiple pontoon bridge unit module 1 by telescopic gangway structure 2, and mooring cable 3 is arranged in buoyancy aid 4 two ends under tubular, positions.

And shown in composition graphs 3, the unit module 1 of the utility model embodiment is preferably made up of buoyancy aid under tubular 4, pipe steelframe braced structures 5, truss-type bridge, sandwich slab road surface 11 and guardrail 10.Telescopic gangway structure 2 by having certain Telescopic between individual unit module 1 connects.Under tubular, buoyancy aid 4 two ends arrange that mooring cable carries out pontoon bridge mooring location; Two ends are connected with islands and reefs pile foundation or marine floating type works, form transitable pontoon bridge.

As shown in Figure 2, in the unit module 1 of the utility model embodiment, each unit module 1 is about 60m ~ 80m, adopts modular construction to be conducive to reducing overall load.

Have buoyancy aid 4 under 3 tubulars in preferred each unit module 1, long 10 meters of lower buoyancy aid 4, radius is 1.5 meters, innerly adopts hoop muscle structure.The vertical pontoon bridge length direction of lower buoyancy aid 4 length direction is arranged, two ends are that parabola is to reduce resistance to water-flow.And buoyancy aid 4 under preferred dispersed placement tubular, and underwater is slipped into after lower buoyancy aid 4 ballast under extreme sea condition, enhance the life condition of extreme sea condition, effectively reduce motion, wave and mooring load, enhance wave adaptive capacity.

Separately as shown in Figures 2 and 3, in the utility model embodiment, unit module 1 is made up of buoyancy aid under tubular 4, pipe steelframe braced structures 5, truss-type bridge (comprising bridge head end crossbeam 6, bridge stringers 7, bridge crossbeam 8, bridge tail end crossbeam 9), sandwich slab road surface 11 etc.Form high by pipe between bridge with lower buoyancy aid 4 to be that the steelframe of 6m ~ 8m is connected, there is half advantage of diving, improve the intensity of buoyancy aid 4 under tubular simultaneously.Pipe steelframe braced structures 5 welded and installed under tubular on buoyancy aid 4, and is connected with bridge stringers 7, bridge crossbeam 8, forms space structures.And shown in composition graphs 5, metal laser weld clip laminate 20 is laid on bridge stringers 7, bridge crossbeam 8 and connects, and forms sandwich slab road surface 11 after laying the skid resistant course of anti-slip material 21.

As shown in Figure 4, in the utility model embodiment, telescopic gangway structure 2 is made up of springboard girder 12, lifting carriage sleeve 13, Active foot plate 14, postive stop baffle 15, guide cylinder 16, coil tension spring 17, guide support pipe 18, turning cylinder 19 etc.Guide support pipe 18 is connected with truss-type bridge head end crossbeam 6 by turning cylinder 19, be connected with truss-type bridge tail end crossbeam 9 by guide cylinder 16 and postive stop baffle 15, guide support pipe 18 installs 2 coil tension springs 17, is separated between coil tension spring by lifting carriage sleeve 13.Realize functions such as connecting, flexible, spacing.The telescopic gangway structure 2 of the utility model embodiment, makes this structure have flexible compensation and limit function by guide support pipe 18, coil tension spring 17, postive stop baffle 15, solves long distance pontoon bridge longitudinal extension problem; Turning cylinder 19 is fixed on truss-type bridge end floor beam, can discharge vertical bending moment load and the corner deformation constrain of bridge floor.

As shown in Figure 4, in the utility model embodiment, sandwich slab road surface 11 comprises laser weld sandwich slab 20 and Pavement Skid Resistance material 21, laser weld sandwich slab 20 is laid on truss-type bridge stringers 7, crossbeam 8, sandwich slab is longitudinally consistent with stringers, and car load is transmitted and stringers by sandwich slab.

Embodiment of the present utility model adopts laser weld sandwich slab as bridge floor, i iron as bridge, bridge deck width 8 meters, two-way two tracks, the load can bearing full weight 70t or axial compression 15 tons is passed through, and has the feature of lightweight construction, excellent corrosion, laying convenience etc.

In addition, as shown in Figure 4, the mooring cable 3 of the utility model embodiment, arranged along cylindrical shape length of floating body direction by hawser or anchor chain, each unit module 1 is one group, mooring cable 3 is arranged in cylindrical shape buoyancy aid two ends, and two ends are connected with islands and reefs pile foundation or marine floating type works, forms transitable pontoon bridge.

Be described in detail specific embodiment of the utility model above, but it is just as example, the utility model is not restricted to specific embodiment described above.To those skilled in the art, any equivalent modifications that the utility model is carried out and substituting also all among category of the present utility model.Therefore, not departing from the equalization conversion and amendment done under spirit and scope of the present utility model, all should be encompassed in scope of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a deep-sea semi-submersible type lightweight modules pontoon bridge, it is characterized in that, comprise the unit module of at least two, telescopic gangway structure and mooring cable, described unit module comprise connect successively lower buoyancy aid, pipe steelframe braced structures, truss-type bridge and sandwich slab road surface, the shape of described lower buoyancy aid is tubular, the length direction of the lower buoyancy aid of described tubular is vertical with the length direction of described some unit modules, by telescopic gangway anatomical connectivity between described unit module, described mooring cable is connected with the two ends on described some unit module widths.
2. deep-sea according to claim 1 semi-submersible type lightweight modules pontoon bridge, it is characterized in that, described unit module is semi-submersible type, and individual unit block length is 60m ~ 80m.
3. deep-sea according to claim 1 semi-submersible type lightweight modules pontoon bridge, is characterized in that, the lower buoyancy aid of described unit module is the tubular buoyancy aid that cross section is circular, end is parabola shaped, the vertical length direction with described pontoon bridge of the length direction of described lower buoyancy aid.
4. deep-sea according to claim 1 semi-submersible type lightweight modules pontoon bridge, is characterized in that, described truss-type bridge comprises vertical connected some bridge stringers and bridge crossbeam mutually.
5. deep-sea according to claim 4 semi-submersible type lightweight modules pontoon bridge, it is characterized in that: described pipe steelframe braced structures is made up of pipe steelframe, the height of described pipe steelframe braced structures is 6m ~ 8m, one end of described pipe steelframe braced structures is connected with described lower buoyancy aid, and the described other end of pipe steelframe braced structures is connected with the bridge stringers of described truss-type bridge and bridge crossbeam.
6. deep-sea according to claim 4 semi-submersible type lightweight modules pontoon bridge, it is characterized in that, described sandwich slab road surface comprises laser weld sandwich slab, and bridge stringers and the bridge crossbeam of described laser weld sandwich slab and described truss-type bridge are connected.
7. deep-sea according to claim 6 semi-submersible type lightweight modules pontoon bridge, it is characterized in that, described sandwich slab road surface also comprises the skid resistant course be located on laser weld sandwich slab.
8. deep-sea according to claim 1 semi-submersible type lightweight modules pontoon bridge, it is characterized in that, described telescopic gangway structure comprises guide support pipe and guide cylinder, one end of described guide support pipe is provided with turning cylinder, and be connected with a unit module by described turning cylinder, the other end of described guide support pipe is sheathed in described guide cylinder, and is connected with another unit module by described guide cylinder, and the end face of the other end of described guide support pipe is also provided with postive stop baffle.
9. deep-sea according to claim 9 semi-submersible type lightweight modules pontoon bridge, it is characterized in that, described telescopic gangway structure also comprises springboard girder, lifting carriage sleeve, two Active foot plates and two coil tension springs, the two ends of described springboard girder are connected with two pieces of described Active foot plates respectively, and be connected with two unit modules respectively by described Active foot plate, the middle part of described springboard girder is connected in lifting carriage sleeve, described lifting carriage sleeve is connected with described guide support pipe, described two coil tension springs are sheathed on described guide support pipe, and be positioned at the both sides of described lifting carriage sleeve.
10. deep-sea according to claim 1 semi-submersible type lightweight modules pontoon bridge, is characterized in that, be also provided with hoop muscle structure under described tubular in buoyancy aid, be also provided with ballast tank in described lower buoyancy aid.
CN201420597115.9U 2014-10-15 2014-10-15 Deep-sea semi-submersible type lightweight modules pontoon bridge CN204097855U (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105507131A (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-04-20 北京理工大学 Hybrid power mode floating bridge
CN106284051A (en) * 2016-09-14 2017-01-04 湖北华舟重工应急装备股份有限公司 A kind of vertical collapsible pontoon bridge of spanning
CN106480816A (en) * 2016-11-08 2017-03-08 中国人民解放军理工大学 Case purlin combination type coast-floating stage
CN107012781A (en) * 2016-09-14 2017-08-04 湖北华舟重工应急装备股份有限公司 A kind of vertical collapsible pontoon bridge of high stability spanning
CN107012779A (en) * 2016-09-14 2017-08-04 湖北华舟重工应急装备股份有限公司 A kind of gathering of vertical collapsible pontoon bridge of spanning and method of deploying
CN107012780A (en) * 2016-09-14 2017-08-04 湖北华舟重工应急装备股份有限公司 A kind of seamless lap device of the vertical collapsible pontoon bridge of spanning
CN108001612A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-05-08 中国船舶工业集团公司第七0八研究所 A kind of light helicopter platform
CN108103858A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-01 南京航空航天大学 A kind of floating on water surface Rail Transit System

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105507131B (en) * 2015-12-01 2017-03-29 北京理工大学 A kind of pontoon bridge of hybrid power mode
CN105507131A (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-04-20 北京理工大学 Hybrid power mode floating bridge
CN107012780A (en) * 2016-09-14 2017-08-04 湖北华舟重工应急装备股份有限公司 A kind of seamless lap device of the vertical collapsible pontoon bridge of spanning
CN107012779B (en) * 2016-09-14 2019-01-04 中国船舶重工集团应急预警与救援装备股份有限公司 A kind of gathering of the vertical collapsible pontoon bridge of spanning and method of deploying
CN107012781A (en) * 2016-09-14 2017-08-04 湖北华舟重工应急装备股份有限公司 A kind of vertical collapsible pontoon bridge of high stability spanning
CN107012779A (en) * 2016-09-14 2017-08-04 湖北华舟重工应急装备股份有限公司 A kind of gathering of vertical collapsible pontoon bridge of spanning and method of deploying
CN106284051A (en) * 2016-09-14 2017-01-04 湖北华舟重工应急装备股份有限公司 A kind of vertical collapsible pontoon bridge of spanning
CN106284051B (en) * 2016-09-14 2018-03-20 湖北华舟重工应急装备股份有限公司 A kind of vertical collapsible pontoon bridge of spanning
CN107012780B (en) * 2016-09-14 2019-01-04 湖北华舟重工应急装备股份有限公司 A kind of seamless lap device of the vertical collapsible pontoon bridge of spanning
CN107012781B (en) * 2016-09-14 2019-03-08 湖北华舟重工应急装备股份有限公司 A kind of vertical collapsible pontoon bridge of high stability spanning
CN106480816A (en) * 2016-11-08 2017-03-08 中国人民解放军理工大学 Case purlin combination type coast-floating stage
CN108103858A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-01 南京航空航天大学 A kind of floating on water surface Rail Transit System
CN108001612A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-05-08 中国船舶工业集团公司第七0八研究所 A kind of light helicopter platform

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