CN204070035U - A kind of water surface soilless culture flotation gear adopting feeder - Google Patents

A kind of water surface soilless culture flotation gear adopting feeder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204070035U
CN204070035U CN201420466028.XU CN201420466028U CN204070035U CN 204070035 U CN204070035 U CN 204070035U CN 201420466028 U CN201420466028 U CN 201420466028U CN 204070035 U CN204070035 U CN 204070035U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
floating frame
air supply
supply pipe
cultivation layer
water surface
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420466028.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王忠杰
余永生
王爱平
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WENZHOU HONGMA TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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WENZHOU HONGMA TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420466028.XU priority Critical patent/CN204070035U/en
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Publication of CN204070035U publication Critical patent/CN204070035U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of water surface soilless culture flotation gear adopting feeder, comprise upper strata floating frame, lower floor's floating frame, cultivation layer, some locating dowels, main logical air supply pipe, some points of air supply pipes, micropore dish, described cultivation layer is fixed between upper strata floating frame and lower floor's floating frame, cultivation layer side is provided with main air supply pipe, one end of described point of air supply pipe is connected with main air supply pipe, described micropore dish is connected with a point air supply pipe by flexible pipe, micropore dish is positioned on the basal surface of cultivation layer, the bottom is fixed in the lower end of described locating dowel, the upper end of locating dowel is through upper strata floating frame and lower floor's floating frame, described upper strata floating frame and lower floor's floating frame can move up and down along locating dowel under external force, described cultivation layer has some can the aperture of cultivated plant.The utility model carries air by adopting feeder in cultivation layer, improves the oxygen content in cultivation layer, can prevent the anaerobic respiration of root, improve the survival rate of crop.

Description

A kind of water surface soilless culture flotation gear adopting feeder
[technical field]
The utility model relates to the technical field of soilless culture, the technical field of particularly water surface soilless culture.
[background technology]
Soilless culture does seedling medium with light materials such as the peat composed of rotten mosses or forest leaf mould, vermiculites to fix plant, allows root system of plant directly contact nutrient solution, adopts the modernization seedling growing process of mechanization precision drilling once-seedling forming.Select seedling dish to be lattice room, sow lattice one, seedling one Room one strain, root system and the matrix of seedling are intertwined mutually, the stopper shape that root sticks together big up and small down, and soilless culture does not need to use ploughs, and nutrient solution can be configured as required, therefore can expand planting range, accelerate plant growth, improve the quality of crop, saving resource and hand labor, but the configuration difficulty of nutrient solution is high, and deployment cost is high, crop meets the needs of the time to nutrient solution.But natural soil has the design feature of porosity and looseness, the structure that oxygen in air can be loosened by natural soil gos deep into the root of crop, meet the respiratory demand of root, and the crop root in soilless culture is immersed in water for a long time, effectively cannot obtain the oxygen in air, the root of some crops can carry out anaerobic respiration and produce alcohol, thus causes being poisoned to death.
[utility model content]
The purpose of this utility model solves the problems of the prior art exactly, proposes a kind of water surface soilless culture flotation gear adopting feeder, can make as crop root provides sufficient oxygen, prevents crop dead because of anaerobic respiration.
For achieving the above object, the utility model proposes a kind of water surface soilless culture flotation gear adopting feeder, comprise upper strata floating frame, lower floor's floating frame, cultivation layer, some locating dowels, main logical air supply pipe, some points of air supply pipes, micropore dish, described cultivation layer is fixed between upper strata floating frame and lower floor's floating frame, the front of cultivation layer is provided with main air supply pipe, one end of described point of air supply pipe is connected with main air supply pipe, described micropore dish is connected with a point air supply pipe by flexible pipe, micropore dish is positioned on the basal surface of cultivation layer, the bottom is fixed in the lower end of described locating dowel, the upper end of locating dowel is through upper strata floating frame and lower floor's floating frame, described upper strata floating frame and lower floor's floating frame can move up and down along locating dowel under external force, described cultivation layer has some can the truncated cone-shaped aperture of cultivated plant.
As preferably, described upper strata floating frame comprises the second frame bars of some transverse directions the first frame bars arranged in parallel and some parallel longitudinal arrangements, described first frame bars and the second frame bars cross arrangement, and form several lattice rooms, for planting plants in the lattice room formed, the framework adopted is floatable material.
As preferably, the distance between described adjacent two first frame bars is equal, and the distance between described adjacent two second frame bars is equal.
As preferably, the quantity of described locating dowel is four, described four locating dowels lay respectively at four right angle of upper strata floating frame and lower floor's floating frame, by the installation of locating dowel, upper strata floating frame and lower floor's floating frame can be made to move up and down along locating dowel under the effect of waterpower, left and right is not moved, and front and back are not moved.
As preferably, described cultivation layer is made up of several sponge blocks, described sponge block is quadrangle, the area of described quadrangle is greater than or equal to the area of lattice room, the diameter of described micropore dish is less than or equal to the minimum length of side of sponge block, can accomplish, to the recycling of waste and old fritter sponge, to reduce costs.
As preferably, described point of air supply pipe is positioned at the side of some sponge blocks of longitudinal arrangement.
As preferably, described sponge block has four row's aperture groups, often arrange aperture group and comprise 3 ~ 5 apertures, the diameter of described aperture upper opening is less than aperture, the plantation success rate of this quantity of the diameter of lower opening to plant is the highest, and the spacing between plant is the most reasonable, realizes under the prerequisite ensureing plant quality, expand plantation amount, the design of truncated cone-shaped aperture makes crop root better down grow.
As preferably, described micropore dish is positioned at sponge block, and micropore dish is positioned at the below of aperture, and the oxygen that micropore dish is provided is breathed by the root of crop fully and utilized.
The beneficial effects of the utility model: the utility model is by adopting feeder, micropore dish is set in the sponge block in each compartment, and then air is carried in cultivation layer, improve the oxygen content in cultivation layer, effectively can prevent root from carrying out anaerobic respiration because of anoxic, improve the survival rate of crop in water surface soilless culture.
Feature of the present utility model and advantage will be described in detail by reference to the accompanying drawings by embodiment.
[accompanying drawing explanation]
Fig. 1 is a kind of vertical view adopting the water surface soilless culture flotation gear of feeder of the utility model;
Fig. 2 be the utility model a kind of adopt the water surface soilless culture flotation gear of feeder overlook fragmentary cross-sectional view;
Fig. 3 is a kind of main pseudosection adopting the water surface soilless culture flotation gear of feeder of the utility model.
In figure: 1-upper strata floating frame, 2-lower floor floating frame, 3-cultivation layer, 4-locating dowel, the main air supply pipe of 5-, 6-divide air supply pipe, 7-micropore dish, 8-flexible pipe, 11-first frame bars, 12-second frame bars, 31-aperture, 32-sponge block.
[embodiment]
Consult Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, a kind of water surface soilless culture flotation gear adopting feeder of the utility model, comprise upper strata floating frame 1, lower floor's floating frame 2, cultivation layer 3, some locating dowels 4, main logical air supply pipe 5, some points of air supply pipes 6, micropore dish 7, described cultivation layer 3 is fixed between upper strata floating frame 1 and lower floor's floating frame 2, the front of cultivation layer 3 is provided with main air supply pipe 5, one end of described point of air supply pipe 6 is connected with main air supply pipe 5, described micropore dish 7 is connected with a point air supply pipe 6 by flexible pipe 8, micropore dish 7 is positioned on the basal surface of cultivation layer 3, the bottom is fixed in the lower end of described locating dowel 4, the upper end of locating dowel 4 is through upper strata floating frame 1 and lower floor's floating frame 2, described upper strata floating frame 1 and lower floor's floating frame 2 can move up and down along locating dowel 4 under external force, described cultivation layer 3 has some can the truncated cone-shaped aperture 31 of cultivated plant, described upper strata floating frame 1 comprises the second frame bars 12 of some transverse directions the first frame bars 11 arranged in parallel and some parallel longitudinal arrangements, described first frame bars 11 and the second frame bars 12 cross arrangement, and form several lattice rooms, distance between described adjacent two first frame bars 11 is equal, distance between described adjacent two second frame bars 12 is equal, the quantity of described locating dowel 4 is four, described four locating dowels 4 lay respectively at four right angle of upper strata floating frame 1 and lower floor's floating frame 2, described cultivation layer 3 is made up of several sponge blocks 32, described sponge block 32 is quadrangle, the area of described quadrangle is greater than or equal to the area of lattice room, the diameter of described micropore dish 7 is less than or equal to the minimum length of side of sponge block 32, described point of air supply pipe 6 is positioned at the side of some sponge blocks 32 of longitudinal arrangement, described sponge block 32 has four row's aperture groups, often arrange aperture group and comprise 3 ~ 5 apertures 31, the diameter of described aperture 31 upper opening is less than the diameter of aperture 31 lower opening, described micropore dish 7 is positioned at sponge block 32, micropore dish 7 is positioned at the below of aperture 31.
Utility model works process:
The utility model is a kind of adopts the water surface soilless culture flotation gear of feeder in the course of the work, first backstay 4 is fixed on the bottom, then at upper ends upper strata floating frame 1 and lower floor's floating frame 2 of backstay 4, then on the sponge block 32 having aperture 31, place the plant needing plantation, then the sponge block 32 being placed with plant is placed on one by one lattice indoor, then make air enter in the sponge block 32 of cultivation layer 3 after main air supply pipe 5, point air supply pipe 6, micropore dish 7 successively, the respiration for crop root provides sufficient oxygen.
Above-described embodiment is to explanation of the present utility model, is not to restriction of the present utility model, anyly all belongs to protection domain of the present utility model to the scheme after the utility model simple transformation.

Claims (8)

1. one kind adopts the water surface soilless culture flotation gear of feeder, it is characterized in that: comprise upper strata floating frame (1), lower floor's floating frame (2), cultivation layer (3), some locating dowels (4), main logical air supply pipe (5), some points of air supply pipes (6), micropore dish (7), described cultivation layer (3) is fixed between upper strata floating frame (1) and lower floor's floating frame (2), the front of cultivation layer (3) is provided with main air supply pipe (5), one end of described point of air supply pipe (6) is connected with main air supply pipe (5), described micropore dish (7) is connected with a point air supply pipe (6) by flexible pipe (8), micropore dish (7) is positioned on the basal surface of cultivation layer (3), the bottom is fixed in the lower end of described locating dowel (4), the upper end of locating dowel (4) is through upper strata floating frame (1) and lower floor's floating frame (2), described upper strata floating frame (1) and lower floor's floating frame (2) can move up and down along locating dowel (4) under external force, described cultivation layer (3) has some can the truncated cone-shaped aperture (31) of cultivated plant.
2. a kind of water surface soilless culture flotation gear adopting feeder as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described upper strata floating frame (1) comprises second frame bars (12) of some transverse directions the first frame bars (11) arranged in parallel and some parallel longitudinal arrangements, described first frame bars (11) and the second frame bars (12) cross arrangement, and form several lattice rooms.
3. a kind of water surface soilless culture flotation gear adopting feeder as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: the distance between described adjacent two first frame bars (11) is equal, the distance between described adjacent two second frame bars (12) is equal.
4. a kind of water surface soilless culture flotation gear adopting feeder as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the quantity of described locating dowel (4) is four, described four locating dowels (4) lay respectively at four right angle of upper strata floating frame (1) and lower floor's floating frame (2).
5. a kind of water surface soilless culture flotation gear adopting feeder as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cultivation layer (3) is made up of several sponge blocks (32), described sponge block (32) is quadrangle, the area of described quadrangle is greater than or equal to the area of lattice room, and the diameter of described micropore dish (7) is less than or equal to the minimum length of side of sponge block (32).
6. a kind of water surface soilless culture flotation gear adopting feeder as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: described point of air supply pipe (6) is positioned at the side of some sponge blocks (32) of longitudinal arrangement.
7. a kind of water surface soilless culture flotation gear adopting feeder as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: described sponge block (32) has four row's aperture groups, often arrange aperture group and comprise 3 ~ 5 apertures (31), the diameter of described aperture (31) upper opening is less than the diameter of aperture (31) lower opening.
8. a kind of water surface soilless culture flotation gear adopting feeder as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: described micropore dish (7) is positioned at sponge block (32), and micropore dish (7) is positioned at the below of aperture (31).
CN201420466028.XU 2014-08-18 2014-08-18 A kind of water surface soilless culture flotation gear adopting feeder Expired - Fee Related CN204070035U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420466028.XU CN204070035U (en) 2014-08-18 2014-08-18 A kind of water surface soilless culture flotation gear adopting feeder

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420466028.XU CN204070035U (en) 2014-08-18 2014-08-18 A kind of water surface soilless culture flotation gear adopting feeder

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019094154A3 (en) * 2017-11-07 2019-07-04 Plant Growth Technologies, Inc. Apparatus and method for preventing anaerobic root conditions

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019094154A3 (en) * 2017-11-07 2019-07-04 Plant Growth Technologies, Inc. Apparatus and method for preventing anaerobic root conditions
US10609879B2 (en) 2017-11-07 2020-04-07 Plant Growth Technologies, Inc. Apparatus and method for preventing anaerobic root conditions

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150107

Termination date: 20150818

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model