Unmanned aerial vehicle platform power-line patrolling system
The utility model relates to the service equipment of electric power system, particularly relates to unmanned aerial vehicle platform power-line patrolling system.
Power high voltage circuit is in regular maintenance, need to carry out temperature and daily monitoring to power circuit, because the general circuit of high-tension line is long, span is large, and great majority are distributed in the comparatively complicated mountain region of landform, the complex areas such as hills, the monitoring scheme of prior art generally adopts moveable unmanned aerial vehicle platform to patrolling and examining each circuit aloft, the infrared temperature data of circuit are recorded by the infrared probe being arranged on unmanned plane, unmanned aerial vehicle platform plays the platform carrying out ground communications with unmanned plane simultaneously, thus ensure the work of the normal table of circuit, but prior art Problems existing is, mountain region is arranged on because high-tension line is more, hilly country, landform height rises and falls, not only mountain peak is more, and it is at the end of one's rope between mountain peak, and unmanned plane is when line walking, unmanned plane during flying height then carrys out just to rise and fall flight according to the height situation of circuit, quick tour can be realized, because unmanned plane and ground communications adopt radio protocol to transmit, under the normal sighting condition of wireless radio transmission, the host communication distance of 2W can reach 100KM, because wireless wavelength feature, radio diffracting power is poor, if there is barrier centre, according to the character of barrier, there is decay in various degree, if high-lager building or the hilltop, and when unmanned aerial vehicle platform truck also cannot sail among this mountain valley simultaneously, possible communication distance can be die-offed to transmitting in 1-2KM, unmanned plane line walking is a large-scale operation, if restricted by wireless radio transmission, its job area will reduce greatly, cause bad adaptability, inefficiency, just lose the original advantage of unmanned plane line walking.
Utility model content
The utility model discloses unmanned aerial vehicle platform power-line patrolling system, in order to solve the deficiencies in the prior art.
For solving the problem, technical solution of the present utility model is:
Unmanned aerial vehicle platform power-line patrolling system, comprise aircraft body, repeater, ground control's car, repeater is provided with the data radio station relaying that carries out wireless telecommunications with aircraft body and figure to conduct electricity platform relaying, ground control's car is provided with the ground data radio station that carries out wireless telecommunications with repeater and surface map to conduct electricity platform, described data radio station relaying can carry out wireless telecommunications with aircraft data radio station and ground data radio station simultaneously, the described figure platform relaying that conducts electricity can carry out wireless telecommunications with aircraft figure platform and the surface map platform that conducts electricity that conducts electricity simultaneously, repeater is the depopulated helicopter that can carry out patrolling and examining flight, and the quantity of repeater has one or more, aircraft body is provided with high definition camera, infrared thermography, aircraft data radio station and aircraft figure conduct electricity platform, wherein high definition camera primary responsibility shooting visual image, infrared thermography then detects the real-time temperature data of patrolling and examining on circuit, aircraft body and repeater are unmanned plane simultaneously, ground control's car carries out wireless transmission by the control loop of ground data radio station and aircraft body and repeater, all automatic pilot is installed in aircraft body and repeater.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: increase by adopting the way that repeater carries out bridge joint, extend transmission distance, or adopt refractive Iy to get around barrier, thus overcome the weakness needing intervisibility ability long-distance transmissions, ensure the job area of unmanned plane inspection system, concrete operating type be aircraft body along the line height to rise and fall flight, repeater and aircraft body ensure intervisibility or minimum obstacle, repeater also will ensure and ground control centre intervisibility or minimum obstacle, thus improve the adaptability of unmanned plane workbench, improve operating efficiency, increase its transmission range, more can adapt to complicated terrain environment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is structural framing figure of the present utility model;
In figure: 1-aircraft body, 11-high definition camera, 12-infrared thermography, 13-aircraft data radio station, 14-aircraft figure conducts electricity platform, 15-tri-road camera, 2-repeater, 21-data radio station relaying, 22-figure conducts electricity platform relaying, 3-ground control car, 31 ground data radio stations, and 32-surface map conducts electricity platform.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail.
See accompanying drawing 1, in actual applications, repeater 2 is the depopulated helicopter that can carry out patrolling and examining flight, and the quantity of repeater 2 has one or more, aircraft body 1 is provided with high definition camera 11, infrared thermography 12, aircraft data radio station 13 and aircraft figure conduct electricity platform 14, wherein high definition camera 11 primary responsibility shooting visual image, be convenient to the image directly finding out real scene shooting from the system of ground control's car 3, infrared thermography 12 then detects the real-time temperature data of patrolling and examining on circuit, view data after the view data of the visual image that high definition camera 11 is clapped and three road cameras 15 merges passes through data processing, both images can be carried out merging or being separated, then both data to be conducted electricity platform 14 by aircraft figure, figure the conduct electricity wireless transmission function of platform 32 of platform relaying 22 and surface map that conducts electricity is reacted intuitively on the display screen of ground control's car, from display, just directly can find out the data of shooting circuit, the effect of three road cameras 15 mainly intuitively can see the situation of the barrier around main airplane 1 from system, prevent aircraft body 1 from colliding in flight course, data radio station relaying 21 can carry out wireless telecommunications with aircraft data radio station 13 and ground data radio station 31 simultaneously, the figure platform relaying 22 that conducts electricity can carry out wireless telecommunications with aircraft figure platform 14 and the surface map platform 32 that conducts electricity that conducts electricity simultaneously, aircraft body 1 and repeater 2 are unmanned plane simultaneously, ground control's car 3 carries out wireless transmission by the control loop of ground data radio station and aircraft body 1 and repeater 2, thus the driving of aircraft body 1 and repeater 2 directly can be controlled by ground control's car, under normal circumstances, all automatic pilot is installed in aircraft body 1 and repeater 2, before circuit is patrolled and examined, analyze the circuit of required line walking, ensure to realize intervisibility or minimum obstacle between its ground control's car 3 and repeater 2, ensure the line walking scope and the line walking path that realize intervisibility or minimum obstacle between repeater 2 and aircraft body 1 simultaneously, set line walking path then input in automatic pilot line walking data can realize automatic running on transmisson line flight, when needing to carry out manual hand manipulation to repeater 2 and aircraft body 1, just enable and manually operate, certainly because repeater 2 and aircraft body 1 are the aircraft of airflight, therefore before all needing before patrolling and examining and after patrolling and examining that flight is carried out to repeater 2 and aircraft body 1 and ground control's car 3 and postflight maintenance and inspection work, transmission channel simultaneously between image adopts different communication channels from aircraft automatic Pilot and control channel, both are independent mutually, be independent of each other, to ensure its fail safe of flying, and after setting polling path, usually also need to carry out simulated flight in the operating system of ground control's car 3, with the reliability of the whole process that ensures to fly.
After before flight, preparation is ready to, ground control's car 3 sends aircraft body 1 to carry out line walking work according to wanting the circuit of line walking, aircraft body 1 starts it and arranges superincumbent high definition camera 11, infrared thermography 12, aircraft data radio station 13 and aircraft figure conduct electricity platform 14, aircraft body 1 keep with the height distance of circuit after to carry out height along the oblique upper of circuit and rise and fall and fly, and transfer to ground control's car 3 by the aircraft figure platform 14 that conducts electricity after the view data of measured view data and three road cameras 15 being merged, passed data are received by the surface map platform 32 that conducts electricity, ground control's car 3 sends repeater 2 to follow to carry out patrol flight at aircraft body 1 rear more successively, and start data radio station relaying 21 that repeater 2 is arranged and figure simultaneously and to conduct electricity platform relaying 22, hover behind the top of the lofty perch of barrier on repeater 2 flies to line walking circuit, 3, ground control's car ensures to realize intervisibility or minimum obstacle between repeater 2, in the process of patrolling and examining, when aircraft body 1 does not arrive the lofty perch of first barrier in front, aircraft body and ground control's car carry out direct wireless telecommunications, after aircraft body flies over barrier, aircraft body 1 carries out wireless telecommunications with close repeater 2, repeater 2 sends data to ground control's car 3 by carrying out radio communication with ground control's car 3 again, aircraft body 1 also can be arranged selects the ground control car 3 stronger with its Received signal strength or repeater 2 to carry out Signal transmissions, if when usually can be able to realize patrolling and examining process with aircraft body 1, usually repeater 2 can be sent to carry out signal transfer, only with a varied topography at some, or when patrolling and examining at a distance, when only can not realize during employing aircraft body 1, it is patrolled and examined and requires that just starting repeater carries out signal transfer, widen the communication distance of unmanned plane power-line patrolling, thus ensure effectively to complete transmitting procedure, be increased in the transmission reliability of adverse circumstances, increase the operation adaptability of whole system, and the quantity of repeater 2 also can adopt multiple stage, be separately positioned on angle position during signal transfer, to increase in signal transmission distance and complex-terrain environment, multiple repeater 2 is sent successively, then return successively by return path when returning, continue to patrol and examine along line walking circuit at aircraft body 1, arrive specify patrol and examine terminal after carry out return, in return trip, continue to patrol and examine the opposite side of institute's line walking circuit, to recheck circuit, to ensure its reliability of patrolling and examining data and accuracy, when in aircraft body 1 return close to repeater 2 time, then this repeater 2 is converted into return state by floating state, and aircraft body 1 carries out return immediately following below following repeater 2 at repeater 2, in repeater 2 return to the aircraft platform of ground control's car 3 after assigned address, repeater 2 is out of service, in aircraft body 1 return to the aircraft platform of ground control's car 3 after assigned address, aircraft body 1 is out of service, finally again return maintenance is carried out to the aircraft body 1 after return and repeater 2, get ready for patrolling and examining next time, now then complete the line walking of whole unmanned plane electric inspection process platform.
Above-mentioned embodiment is preferred embodiment of the present utility model; can not limit the utility model; the any of other does not deviate from the technical solution of the utility model and the substitute mode of the change made or other equivalence, is included within protection range of the present utility model.