CN204063642U - A kind of photoelectric collector vacuum tube and solar water heater - Google Patents

A kind of photoelectric collector vacuum tube and solar water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204063642U
CN204063642U CN201420305483.1U CN201420305483U CN204063642U CN 204063642 U CN204063642 U CN 204063642U CN 201420305483 U CN201420305483 U CN 201420305483U CN 204063642 U CN204063642 U CN 204063642U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tube
glass tube
glass
thin
water heater
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201420305483.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄晶
王延敦
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SHANDONG HENGDA CO., LTD.
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黄友华
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Publication date
Priority to CN201320729703.9 priority Critical
Priority to CN201320729703 priority
Application filed by 黄友华 filed Critical 黄友华
Priority to CN201420305483.1U priority patent/CN204063642U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204063642U publication Critical patent/CN204063642U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of photoelectric collector vacuum tube and solar water heater, comprises the outer glass pipe of inner glass tube and coaxial cover dress.Inner glass tube and outer glass pipe one end are the blind end of domed shape, and the other end becomes the openend of ring-type through sealing by fusing, in outer glass pipe sealed-off end, be with getter mount frame to support, through finding time as vacuum layer between inner glass tube and outer glass pipe; It is characterized in that: the outer wall of inner glass tube is enclosed with thin-film solar cells, the lower end of thin-film solar cells is connected with electric heating cover.In intensity of illumination higher than under candle light condition, can opto-electronic conversion be carried out and electric heating is changed, realize heating the water in thermal-arrest vacuum glass pipe.The electricity-heat converter be made up of thin-film solar cells and electric heating cover, its design in heat-collecting pipe vacuum layer, in order to avoid ingress of air oxidation and the erosion of dust.The service life of thin-film solar cells can not only be improved like this, and more effectively can slow down the reduction trend of thin film solar cell transformation efficiency.

Description

A kind of photoelectric collector vacuum tube and solar water heater
Technical field
The utility model belongs to solar facilities technical field, relates to a kind of heat collecting vacuum pipe, especially a kind of photoelectric collector vacuum tube.
Background technology
At present, the thermal-collecting tube that solar water heater uses, in bright day gas, Heat-collecting effect is all relatively good, and its water temperature is up to 80-90 DEG C; But when Intensity of the sunlight is on the low side, or sky is covered by cloud and mist all day, or is in dark clouds weather for a long time, the solar collecting performance of thermal-collecting tube will high attenuation or forfeiture greatly, and this brings a lot of inconvenience to daily life.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is, for the defect that above-mentioned prior art exists, provides design a kind of photoelectric collector vacuum tube, to make when Intensity of the sunlight is on the low side, 50-60 DEG C of hot water still can be provided to meet the demand of people's normal life.
For achieving the above object, the utility model provides following technical scheme:
A kind of photoelectric collector vacuum tube, comprises the outer glass pipe of inner glass tube and coaxial cover dress.Inner glass tube and outer glass pipe one end are the blind end of domed shape, and the other end becomes the openend of ring-type through sealing by fusing, are the vacuum layer through finding time between inner glass tube and outer glass pipe; It is characterized in that: the outer wall of inner glass tube is enclosed with thin-film solar cells, described thin-film solar cells is connected with electric heating cover, and described electric heating cover is set in the bottom outside inner glass tube, and the bottom in described outer glass pipe is provided with metal supporting frames.
Preferably, be provided with light emitting diode in described vacuum layer, described light emitting diode is in series with a resistor, in parallel with electric heating cover afterwards.
By arranging light emitting diode in vacuum layer, whether photoelectric collector vacuum tube damages to utilize light emitting diode to judge; Place in circuit again after light emitting diode is in series with a resistor, avoids due to thin-film solar cells overtension and burns out light emitting diode on the one hand, can reduce the power consumption of light emitting diode on the other hand.
Preferably, described electric heating cover is 1/5-1/4 of described inner glass tube length along the length of inner glass tube radial direction.
Electric heating cover is 1/5-1/4 of described inner glass tube length in the length of inner glass tube radial direction, when meeting demand for heat, to avoid affecting sunlight inner glass tube due to electric heating cover.
Preferably, described electric heating cover is electrical heating wire, and described electrical heating wire coiling is arranged on inner glass tube bottom.
What coiled by electrical heating wire is arranged on inner glass tube bottom, increases the contact area of electrical heating wire and inner glass tube, to improve the efficiency of heating surface; Meanwhile, electrical heating wire is arranged on inner glass tube bottom, the water of inner glass tube bottom is heated.After water temperature raises, the hot water of inner glass tube bottom and the cold water on inner glass tube top are formed and reflux in inner glass tube, thus heat the water in whole inner glass tube.
Preferably, described electrical heating wire is carbon fiber electrical heating silk.
Preferably, described thin-film solar cells is 85%-90% of inner glass tube outer wall circumferential length along the length of inner glass tube circumference.
Preferably, described thin-film solar cells is the 1/2-2/3 of inner glass tube length along the length of inner glass tube radial direction.
Thin-film solar cells is the 1/2-2/3 of inner glass tube length along the length of inner glass tube radial direction, when meeting demand for heat, avoids affecting the irradiation of sunshine to inner glass tube due to thin-film solar cells.
Preferably, described metallic support is provided with getter.
By arranging getter on metallic support, can ensure that vacuum layer is in vacuum state.
A kind of solar water heater, comprises solar water heater body; It is characterized in that: the thermal-collecting tube of described solar water heater is the one in above-mentioned photoelectric collector vacuum tube.
A kind of solar water heater, comprises solar water heater body; It is characterized in that: the thermal-collecting tube of described solar water heater comprises common thermal-collecting tube and above-mentioned arbitrary photoelectric collector vacuum tube.
When Intensity of the sunlight height, common thermal-collecting tube heats the water in water heater jointly with photoelectricity heat collecting vacuum pipe; When Intensity of the sunlight is weak, the heating properties of common thermal-collecting tube is lost or when completely losing, is mainly heated with photoelectric collector vacuum tube; Strengthen the heating efficiency of solar water heater with this, meet the demand of people to hot water.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: by the solar cell wrapped up on the outer wall of inner glass tube, and the electric heating cover be connected with thin-film solar cells, act on and heating the water in inner glass tube, to improve the water temperature in glass tube; Support bottom inner glass tube is in order to support inner glass tube; Vacuum layer between inner glass tube and outer glass pipe, can avoid thin-film solar cells to be subject to extraneous air oxidation and the impact of dust.The service life of thin-film solar cells can not only be improved, and more can slow down the reduction trend of thin film solar cell transformation efficiency; In addition, the utility model design principle is reliable, and structure is simple, has application prospect widely.
As can be seen here, the utility model compared with prior art, has substantive distinguishing features and progress, and its beneficial effect implemented also is apparent.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The structural representation of a kind of photoelectric collector vacuum tube that Fig. 1 provides for the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the circuit diagram of the utility model embodiment.
Wherein, 1-inner glass tube, 2-outer glass pipe, 3-vacuum layer, 4-thin-film solar cells, 5-electric heating cover, 6-metallic support, 7-light emitting diode, 8-resistance.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, also by specific embodiment, the utility model is elaborated, and following examples are to explanation of the present utility model, and the utility model is not limited to following embodiment.
Embodiment one:
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of photoelectric collector vacuum tube that the utility model provides, comprise the outer glass pipe 2 of inner glass tube 1 and coaxial cover dress, inner glass tube 1 and outer glass pipe 2 one end are the blind end of domed shape, the other end becomes the openend of ring-type through sealing by fusing, it is the vacuum layer 3 through finding time between inner glass tube 1 and outer glass pipe 2, the outer wall of inner glass tube 1 is enclosed with thin-film solar cells 4, described thin-film solar cells 4 is connected with electric heating cover 5, described electric heating cover 5 is set in the bottom outside inner glass tube 1, bottom in described outer glass pipe 2 is provided with metallic support 6.
In the present embodiment, be provided with light emitting diode 7 in described vacuum layer 3, described light emitting diode 7 is connected with resistance 8, afterwards in place in circuit in parallel with electric heating cover 5; Utilize light emitting diode 7 to judge whether photoelectric collector vacuum tube damages, light emitting diode 7 place in circuit again after connecting with resistance 8, avoid due to thin-film solar cells 4 overtension and burn out light emitting diode 7 on the one hand, the power consumption of light emitting diode 7 can be reduced on the other hand.
Described electric heating cover 5 is 1/5 of described inner glass tube 1 length along the length of inner glass tube 4 radial direction, when meeting demand for heat, avoiding due to electric heating cover 5 and affecting sunlight inner glass tube 1.
Described electric heating cover 5 is electrical heating wire, and described electrical heating wire coiling is arranged on inner glass tube 1 bottom, increases the contact area of electrical heating wire and inner glass tube 1, to improve the efficiency of heating surface; Simultaneously, electrical heating wire is arranged on inner glass tube 1 bottom, the water of inner glass tube 1 bottom is heated, after water temperature raises, the hot water of inner glass tube 1 bottom and the cold water on inner glass tube 1 top are formed and reflux in inner glass tube 1, thus heat the water in whole inner glass tube 1.
Described electrical heating wire is carbon fiber electrical heating silk.
Described thin-film solar cells 4 is 85% of inner glass tube 1 outer wall circumferential length along the length of inner glass tube 1 circumference.
Described thin-film solar cells 4 is 1/2 of inner glass tube 1 length along the length of inner glass tube 1 radial direction, when meeting demand for heat, avoiding due to thin-film solar cells 4 and affecting sunlight inner glass tube 1.
Described metallic support 6 is provided with getter bag, vacuum layer 3 can be kept to be in vacuum state.
Embodiment two:
The difference of the present embodiment and embodiment one is: described electric heating cover 5 is 1/4 of described inner glass tube 1 length in the length of inner glass tube 1 radial direction;
Described thin-film solar cells 4 is 90% of inner glass tube 1 outer wall circumferential length along the length of inner glass tube 1 circumference;
Described thin-film solar cells 4 is 2/3 of inner glass tube 1 length along the length of inner glass tube 1 radial direction.
Embodiment three:
A kind of solar water heater, comprises solar water heater body, and the thermal-collecting tube of described solar water heater is arbitrary photoelectric collector vacuum tube in embodiment one or embodiment two.
A kind of solar water heater, comprises solar water heater body, and the thermal-collecting tube of described solar water heater comprises arbitrary photoelectric collector vacuum tube in common thermal-collecting tube and embodiment one or embodiment two.
When Intensity of the sunlight height, common thermal-collecting tube and photoelectric collector vacuum tube are jointly to the water heating in water heater; When Intensity of the sunlight is weak, the heating properties of common thermal-collecting tube is lost or when completely losing, is mainly heated with photoelectric collector vacuum tube; Strengthen the heating efficiency of solar water heater with this, meet the demand of people to hot water.
Preferred embodiment of the present utility model is only above; but the utility model is not limited thereto; any those skilled in the art can think there is no creationary change; and do not departing from the some improvements and modifications done under the utility model principle prerequisite, all should drop in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a photoelectric collector vacuum tube, comprise the outer glass pipe of inner glass tube and coaxial cover dress, inner glass tube and outer glass pipe one end are the blind end of domed shape, and the other end becomes the openend of ring-type through sealing by fusing, are the vacuum layer through finding time between inner glass tube and outer glass pipe; It is characterized in that: the outer wall of inner glass tube is enclosed with thin-film solar cells, described thin-film solar cells is connected with electric heating cover, and described electric heating cover is set in the bottom outside inner glass tube, and the bottom in described outer glass pipe is provided with metal supporting frames.
2. photoelectric collector vacuum tube according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be provided with light emitting diode in described vacuum layer, described light emitting diode is in series with a resistor, in parallel with electric heating cover afterwards.
3. photoelectric collector vacuum tube according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described electric heating cover is 1/5-1/4 of described inner glass tube length along the length of inner glass tube radial direction.
4. photoelectric collector vacuum tube according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described electric heating cover is electrical heating wire, and described electrical heating wire coiling is arranged on inner glass tube bottom.
5. photoelectric collector vacuum tube according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described electrical heating wire is carbon fiber electrical heating silk.
6. photoelectric collector vacuum tube according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described thin-film solar cells is the 85%-90% of inner glass tube outer wall circumferential length along the length of inner glass tube circumference.
7. photoelectric collector vacuum tube according to claim 6, is characterized in that: described thin-film solar cells is 1/2-2/3 of inner glass tube length along inner glass tube radical length.
8. photoelectric collector vacuum tube according to claim 7, is characterized in that: described metallic support is provided with getter.
9. a solar water heater, comprises solar water heater body; It is characterized in that: the thermal-collecting tube of described solar water heater is the photoelectric collector vacuum tube described in claim arbitrary in claim 1-8.
10. a solar water heater, comprises solar water heater body; It is characterized in that: the thermal-collecting tube of described solar water heater comprises the photoelectric collector vacuum tube in common thermal-collecting tube and claim 1-8 described in arbitrary claim.
CN201420305483.1U 2013-11-11 2014-06-10 A kind of photoelectric collector vacuum tube and solar water heater Withdrawn - After Issue CN204063642U (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320729703.9 2013-11-11
CN201320729703 2013-11-11
CN201420305483.1U CN204063642U (en) 2013-11-11 2014-06-10 A kind of photoelectric collector vacuum tube and solar water heater

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420305483.1U CN204063642U (en) 2013-11-11 2014-06-10 A kind of photoelectric collector vacuum tube and solar water heater

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CN204063642U true CN204063642U (en) 2014-12-31

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CN201420305483.1U Withdrawn - After Issue CN204063642U (en) 2013-11-11 2014-06-10 A kind of photoelectric collector vacuum tube and solar water heater

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104034069A (en) * 2013-11-11 2014-09-10 黄友华 Photoelectric heat-collection vacuum tube
WO2016115789A1 (en) * 2015-01-23 2016-07-28 宝邺发展有限公司 Solar water heater

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108195085A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-06-22 海宁市华锋太阳能集热管有限公司 A kind of double heated type solar energy heat collection pipes

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS57188970A (en) * 1981-05-19 1982-11-20 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd Solar energy converting device
CN1536290A (en) * 2003-04-10 2004-10-13 江希年 Solar optothermal photoelectric composite tube
CN2656903Y (en) * 2003-10-31 2004-11-17 扬州开发区日利达有限公司 Photoelectric two-in-one vacuum heat collecting tube
CN104034069B (en) * 2013-11-11 2016-03-02 黄友华 A kind of photoelectric collector vacuum tube

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104034069A (en) * 2013-11-11 2014-09-10 黄友华 Photoelectric heat-collection vacuum tube
CN104034069B (en) * 2013-11-11 2016-03-02 黄友华 A kind of photoelectric collector vacuum tube
WO2016115789A1 (en) * 2015-01-23 2016-07-28 宝邺发展有限公司 Solar water heater

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CN104034069B (en) 2016-03-02
CN104034069A (en) 2014-09-10

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: HUANG YOUHUA

Effective date: 20150304

Owner name: SHANDONG HENGDA CO., LTD.

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: HUANG YOUHUA

Effective date: 20150304

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20150304

Address after: 277500 Shandong city of Zaozhuang province Tengzhou City Hengyuan Road No. 888

Patentee after: SHANDONG HENGDA CO., LTD.

Patentee after: Huang Youhua

Address before: 277500, unit 3, building 9, Sifang Town, Tengzhou, Shandong, Zaozhuang, 405

Patentee before: Huang Youhua

AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20141231

Effective date of abandoning: 20160302

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting