CN204056287U - A kind of autonomous flight is without active force unmanned plane - Google Patents

A kind of autonomous flight is without active force unmanned plane Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204056287U
CN204056287U CN201420551557.XU CN201420551557U CN204056287U CN 204056287 U CN204056287 U CN 204056287U CN 201420551557 U CN201420551557 U CN 201420551557U CN 204056287 U CN204056287 U CN 204056287U
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China
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unmanned plane
activity
equipment
flight
active force
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201420551557.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王志成
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Foshan Shenfeng Aviation Technology Co Ltd
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Foshan Shenfeng Aviation Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420551557.XU priority Critical patent/CN204056287U/en
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Abstract

A kind of autonomous flight, without active force unmanned plane, belongs to technical field of aerospace.Be made up of fuselage, movable left wing, activity right flank, empennage, alighting gear, automatic navigation system, control system, airborne equipment, implement and signal handling equipment.Movable left wing and activity right flank are symmetrically arranged in the left and right sides of the symmetrical vertical section of fuselage.Control system is used for the folding of control activity left wing and activity right flank, and this machine is turned and pitching flying attitude.With the utility model unmanned plane with the use of wayside equipment comprise body projector, signal sending and receiving equipment and flight control unit.This unmanned plane adopts ground-launched mode to take off, and by the mode of launching so that about 45° angle is to the injection of overhead, task place, after arriving overhead, task place, movable left wing and activity right flank are opened.Unmanned plane performs photography, scouting or air delivery goods and materials task, makes a return voyage after task completes.The manner energy-conserving and environment-protective and safety, be particularly useful for short range and execute the task.

Description

A kind of autonomous flight is without active force unmanned plane
Technical field
A kind of autonomous flight, without active force unmanned plane, belongs to technical field of aerospace, particularly relates to a kind of autonomous flight unmanned plane.
Background technology
Traditional unmanned plane, with main power plant, to adopt on motor-driven machine with high capacity cell, main motor, electronic governor and propelling unit as screw propeller or ducted fan etc.; Adopt on ICE-powered machine with the fuel tank of fuel oil, explosive motor, speeds control steering wheel and propelling unit being housed as screw propeller or ducted fan etc.The ratio that these devices account for gross weight is quite large, and can produce resistance, causes the efficiency of flight not high, and complex structure, cost is high.If lost contact lost or fault is fallen, loss also can be very large.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the above-mentioned deficiency overcoming traditional unmanned plane, simple, the lightweight and autonomous flight that flight efficiency is high of the structure of inventing a kind of low cost is without active force unmanned plane.
A kind of autonomous flight, without active force unmanned plane, is made up of fuselage, movable left wing, activity right flank, empennage, alighting gear, automatic navigation system, control system, airborne equipment, implement and signal handling equipment.Movable left wing is identical with activity right flank structure to be symmetrically arranged in the left and right sides of the symmetrical vertical section of fuselage, and is placed in fuselage roof.Empennage comprises vertical tail and tailplane.The yaw rudder of the fixed fin that vertical tail is fixed by front portion and rear portion activity forms; The elevating rudder of the horizontal stabilizer that tailplane is fixed by front portion and rear portion activity forms.Elevating rudder deflects up and down under the manipulation of control system, upward deflects and this unmanned plane can be made to come back, realize facing upward; The change of team of elevating rudder downward bias makes this unmanned plane bow, and realizes nutation.Yaw rudder is deflection under the manipulation of control system, and this unmanned plane is gone off course to the left or to the right.Alighting gear adopts ski type structure, and resistance is little, and less demanding to landing place, as more smooth ground, even sand ground or meadow can meet landing requirement.Automatic navigation system, control system, airborne equipment, implement and signal handling equipment adopt the lithium battery power supply of the suitable capacity of convenient charging.Automatic navigation system adopts GPS navigation system or triones navigation system.Control system is used for the folding of control activity left wing and activity right flank, and controls this unmanned plane and turn and pitching flying attitude.The power element of the folding of control activity left wing and activity right flank adopts high torque steering wheel, or directly adopts servomotor extraneous gears group.Airborne equipment comprises spiral shell top instrument and contains flight parameter and the meteorological parameter acquisition equipment of flying height, flying speed and wind speed.Implement comprises pick up camera and other working equipments, and other working equipments are equipped with according to different job tasks.Controllable mechanical handgrip is equipped with when needing to perform air delivery goods and materials task.Flight parameter, meteorologic parameter, audio frequency and video and pictorial information can be issued wayside equipment and the relevant device that the ground signal instruction that reception comes can be distributed on machine and system by signal handling equipment.With unmanned plane of the present invention with the use of wayside equipment comprise body projector, signal sending and receiving equipment and flight control unit.Body projector is furnished with closed-center system and catapult-launching gear.Signal sending and receiving equipment comprises video, audio frequency and figure receiving device, and comprises flight parameter and the meteorologic parameter receiving device of flying height, flying speed and wind speed, and flight directive sender unit.Flight control unit comprises computer, control software design and automatic tracking system.
Autonomous flight of the present invention without the flying method of active force unmanned plane is: adopt ground-launched mode to take off, this unmanned plane removable mounting movable left wing and activity right flank being in closed configuration, on the catapult-launching gear of the body projector of energy storage, takes off to penetrate namely to achieve with overhead, horizontal surface angle task place about at 45 ° in the precalculated initial velocity mode of launching.After this unmanned plane arrives overhead, task place, movable left wing and activity right flank are synchronously opened under control of the control system simultaneously gradually.Unmanned plane performs photography, scouting or air delivery goods and materials task, and flight information and the situation information of executing the task are beamed back ground, makes a return voyage and land after task completes.Whole flight course be substantially according to the flight path autonomous flight preset or flown by ground remote control.This unmanned plane skyborne degradation of energy should be considered when precalculating initial velocity and preset flight path and leave enough energy balance so that safety is maked a return voyage and lands.
A kind of autonomous flight of the present invention has two kinds of mode of operations without active force unmanned plane: winglet pattern and large wing pattern.Process from county of emission to overhead, task place is winglet pattern, and this procedure activation left wing and activity right flank are in closed configuration, and the resistance that this unmanned plane is subject to is little, and degradation of energy is little, and speed is fast.Stage of executing the task is large wing pattern with the stage of making a return voyage, and movable left wing and activity right flank are in open mode, and during large wing pattern, this unmanned plane speed is slow, conveniently executes the task, and lift is large, and airborne period is long, guarantees that safety is maked a return voyage and lands.
The task that this unmanned plane performs has but is not limited to: aerophotography, geographical mapping, scientific investigation, and the condition of a disaster is observed, military surveillance, air delivery goods and materials.
A kind of autonomous flight of this invention without the outstanding advantages of active force unmanned plane is: energy-conserving and environment-protective and safety.Owing to machine not having driving engine and energy supply system, structure is simple, lightweight, energy-conservationly lowers consumption again; Machine there is no fuel oil or high capacity cell, greatly reduce burning and explosion safety accident.Even if lost contact lost or fault is fallen, loss also can be too large.The speed fast used time in arrival task of taking off place is short, and efficiency is high, and landing hourly velocity of making a return voyage is safe and reliable slowly.The supporting multiple UAVs of a set of wayside equipment, can perform multi-mode operation task simultaneously, cost-saving widely.
Flying method of the present invention is particularly useful for short range and executes the task.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that a kind of autonomous flight of the present invention is without schematic top plan view when the left movable wing of active force unmanned plane and the gathering of right movable wing; Fig. 2 is the schematic top plan view of a kind of autonomous flight of the present invention when opening without the left movable wing of active force unmanned plane and right movable wing.
In figure, 1-fuselage, 2-empennage, 21-fixed fin, 22-yaw rudder, 23-horizontal stabilizer, 24-elevating rudder, the movable left wing of 3-, 4-activity right flank, 5-alighting gear.
Detailed description of the invention
Now 1 ~ 2 couple of the present invention is illustrated by reference to the accompanying drawings: a kind of autonomous flight, without active force unmanned plane, is made up of fuselage 1, movable left wing 3, activity right flank 4, empennage 2, alighting gear 5, automatic navigation system, control system, airborne equipment, implement and signal handling equipment.Movable left wing 3 is identical with activity right flank 4 structure is symmetrically arranged in the left and right sides of the symmetrical vertical section of fuselage 1, and is placed in fuselage 1 top.Empennage 2 comprises vertical tail and tailplane.The yaw rudder 22 of the fixed fin 21 that vertical tail is fixed by front portion and rear portion activity forms; The elevating rudder 24 of the horizontal stabilizer 23 that tailplane is fixed by front portion and rear portion activity forms.Elevating rudder 24 deflects up and down under the manipulation of control system, upward deflects and this unmanned plane can be made to come back, realize facing upward; The change of team of elevating rudder 24 downward bias makes this unmanned plane bow, and realizes nutation.Yaw rudder 22 is deflection under the manipulation of control system, and this unmanned plane is gone off course to the left or to the right.Alighting gear 5 adopts ski type structure, and resistance is little, and less demanding to landing place, as more smooth ground, even sand ground or meadow can meet landing requirement.Automatic navigation system, control system, airborne equipment, implement and signal handling equipment adopt the lithium battery power supply of the suitable capacity of convenient charging.Automatic navigation system adopts GPS navigation system.Control system is used for the folding of control activity left wing 3 and activity right flank 4, and controls this unmanned plane and turn and pitching flying attitude.The power element of the folding of control activity left wing 3 and activity right flank 4 adopts high torque steering wheel.Airborne equipment comprises spiral shell top instrument and contains flight parameter and the meteorological parameter acquisition equipment of flying height, flying speed and wind speed.Implement comprises pick up camera and other working equipments, and other working equipments are equipped with according to different job tasks.Controllable mechanical handgrip is equipped with when needing to perform air delivery goods and materials task.Flight parameter, meteorologic parameter, audio frequency and video and pictorial information can be issued wayside equipment and the relevant device that the ground signal instruction that reception comes can be distributed on machine and system by signal handling equipment.With unmanned plane of the present invention with the use of wayside equipment comprise body projector, signal sending and receiving equipment and flight control unit.Body projector is furnished with closed-center system and catapult-launching gear.Signal sending and receiving equipment comprises video, audio frequency and figure receiving device, and comprises flight parameter and the meteorologic parameter receiving device of flying height, flying speed and wind speed, and flight directive sender unit.Flight control unit comprises computer, control software design and automatic tracking system.
Autonomous flight of the present invention without the flying method of active force unmanned plane is: adopt ground-launched mode to take off, this unmanned plane removable mounting movable left wing 3 and activity right flank 4 being in closed configuration, on the catapult-launching gear of the body projector of energy storage, takes off to penetrate namely to achieve with overhead, horizontal surface angle task place about at 45 ° in the precalculated initial velocity mode of launching.After this unmanned plane arrives overhead, task place, movable left wing 3 and activity right flank 4 are synchronously opened under control of the control system simultaneously gradually.This unmanned plane performs photography, scouting or air delivery goods and materials task, and flight information and the situation information of executing the task are beamed back ground, makes a return voyage and land after task completes.Whole flight course be substantially according to the flight path autonomous flight preset or flown by ground remote control.This unmanned plane skyborne degradation of energy should be considered when precalculating initial velocity and preset flight path and leave enough energy balance so that safety is maked a return voyage and lands.
A kind of autonomous flight of the present invention has two kinds of mode of operations without active force unmanned plane: winglet pattern and large wing pattern.Process from county of emission to overhead, task place is winglet pattern, and this procedure activation left wing 3 and activity right flank 4 are in closed configuration, and the resistance that this unmanned plane is subject to is little, and degradation of energy is little, and speed is fast.Stage of executing the task is large wing pattern with the stage of making a return voyage, and movable left wing 3 and activity right flank 4 are in open mode, and during large wing pattern, this unmanned plane speed is slow, conveniently executes the task, and lift is large, and airborne period is long, guarantees that safety is maked a return voyage and lands.
This unmanned plane is widely used, and can be used for aerophotography, geographical mapping, scientific investigation, and the condition of a disaster is observed, military surveillance, the operations such as air delivery goods and materials.

Claims (7)

1. autonomous flight is without an active force unmanned plane, it is characterized in that: be made up of fuselage (1), movable left wing (3), activity right flank (4), empennage (2), alighting gear (5), automatic navigation system, control system, airborne equipment, implement and signal handling equipment; Movable left wing (3) is identical with activity right flank (4) structure to be symmetrically arranged in the left and right sides of fuselage (1) symmetrical vertical section, and is placed in fuselage (1) top; Empennage (5) comprises vertical tail and tailplane; The yaw rudder (23) of the fixed fin (22) that vertical tail is fixed by front portion and rear portion activity forms; The elevating rudder (24) of the horizontal stabilizer (23) that tailplane is fixed by front portion and rear portion activity forms; Automatic navigation system, control system, airborne equipment, implement and signal handling equipment adopt the lithium battery power supply of the suitable capacity of convenient charging; Control system is used for the folding of control activity left wing (3) and activity right flank (4), and controls this unmanned plane and turn and pitching flying attitude; Airborne equipment comprises spiral shell top instrument and contains flight parameter and the meteorological parameter acquisition equipment of flying height, flying speed and wind speed; Implement comprises pick up camera and other working equipments; Flight parameter, meteorologic parameter, audio frequency and video and pictorial information can be issued wayside equipment and the relevant device that the ground signal instruction that reception comes can be distributed on machine and system by signal handling equipment; With unmanned plane of the present invention with the use of wayside equipment comprise body projector, signal sending and receiving equipment and flight control unit; Body projector is furnished with closed-center system and catapult-launching gear; Signal sending and receiving equipment comprises video, audio frequency and figure receiving device, and comprises flight parameter and the meteorologic parameter receiving device of flying height, flying speed and wind speed, and flight directive sender unit; Flight control unit comprises computer, control software design and automatic tracking system.
2. a kind of autonomous flight according to claim 1 is without active force unmanned plane, it is characterized in that: alighting gear (5) adopts ski type structure.
3. a kind of autonomous flight according to claim 1 is without active force unmanned plane, it is characterized in that: automatic navigation system adopts GPS navigation system or triones navigation system.
4. a kind of autonomous flight according to claim 1 is without active force unmanned plane, it is characterized in that: the power element of the folding of control activity left wing (3) and activity right flank (4) adopts high torque steering wheel, or directly adopts servomotor extraneous gears group.
5. a kind of autonomous flight according to claim 1 is without active force unmanned plane, it is characterized in that: with mechanical gripper when needing to perform air delivery goods and materials task.
6. a kind of autonomous flight according to claim 1 is without active force unmanned plane, it is characterized in that: the task that it performs comprises aerophotography, geographical mapping, scientific investigation, the condition of a disaster observation, military surveillance and air delivery goods and materials.
7. a kind of autonomous flight according to claim 1 is without active force unmanned plane, it is characterized in that: the supporting multiple UAVs of a set of wayside equipment, performs multi-mode operation task simultaneously.
CN201420551557.XU 2014-09-24 2014-09-24 A kind of autonomous flight is without active force unmanned plane Withdrawn - After Issue CN204056287U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104192295A (en) * 2014-09-24 2014-12-10 佛山市神风航空科技有限公司 Autonomous flight unmanned aerial vehicle without active force and flight mode
GB2537622A (en) * 2015-04-20 2016-10-26 Michael Cook George An aerial delivery assembly
GB2537621A (en) * 2015-04-20 2016-10-26 Michael Cook George An aircraft for aerial delivery
CN107750222A (en) * 2015-04-20 2018-03-02 乔治·迈克尔·库克 For the aircraft conveyed in the air
CN108334109A (en) * 2015-03-30 2018-07-27 安溪钟泰专利技术转移有限公司 A kind of phonetic controller

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104192295A (en) * 2014-09-24 2014-12-10 佛山市神风航空科技有限公司 Autonomous flight unmanned aerial vehicle without active force and flight mode
CN104192295B (en) * 2014-09-24 2015-12-30 佛山市神风航空科技有限公司 A kind of autonomous flight is without active force unmanned plane and flying method thereof
CN108334109A (en) * 2015-03-30 2018-07-27 安溪钟泰专利技术转移有限公司 A kind of phonetic controller
CN108334109B (en) * 2015-03-30 2021-02-12 绵阳硅基智能科技有限公司 Voice control device
GB2537622A (en) * 2015-04-20 2016-10-26 Michael Cook George An aerial delivery assembly
GB2537621A (en) * 2015-04-20 2016-10-26 Michael Cook George An aircraft for aerial delivery
GB2537622B (en) * 2015-04-20 2017-05-17 Michael Cook George An aerial delivery assembly
GB2537621B (en) * 2015-04-20 2017-07-05 Michael Cook George An aircraft for aerial delivery
CN107750222A (en) * 2015-04-20 2018-03-02 乔治·迈克尔·库克 For the aircraft conveyed in the air
CN107771152A (en) * 2015-04-20 2018-03-06 乔治·迈克尔·库克 Aerial conveying assembly

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20141231

Effective date of abandoning: 20151230

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting