CN204051082U - Bitubular screw plate oil-water separator - Google Patents

Bitubular screw plate oil-water separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204051082U
CN204051082U CN201420430502.3U CN201420430502U CN204051082U CN 204051082 U CN204051082 U CN 204051082U CN 201420430502 U CN201420430502 U CN 201420430502U CN 204051082 U CN204051082 U CN 204051082U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
core
screw
flow path
helical flow
oil
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201420430502.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张苓
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sino-Gas & Oil Technology Co Ltd
SINO GAS AND OIL Tech CO Ltd
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Sino-Gas & Oil Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420430502.3U priority Critical patent/CN204051082U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204051082U publication Critical patent/CN204051082U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

A kind of bitubular screw plate oil-water separator, arrange inner core in urceolus, spiral plate is arranged on the middle part of tank body and is arranged between inner core and urceolus; Rotational agitation device is arranged in inner core, and spiral plate, inner core, rotational agitation device and urceolus are coaxially arranged; The top of spiral plate is communicated with feed tube and tangent, and spiral plate forms the helical flow path under screw from oil inlet pipe screw and between the inwall and the outer wall of inner core of urceolus; The bottom of helical flow path is communicated with collect cavity; The top of helical flow path is communicated with collection chamber; The inner tube wall of the correspondence of helical flow path is provided with oil hole be communicated with inner core by helical flow path, the top of inner core is communicated with collection chamber; Be provided with rotational agitation device in inner core, rotational agitation device and power set are in transmission connection.The helical flow path that the utility model utilizes spiral plate to be formed and screw rod, cause double helix fluidised form to carry out oil-water separation, guarantee that separative efficiency is high, good separating effect.

Description

Bitubular screw plate oil-water separator
Technical field
The utility model relates to oily water separation technique field, especially relates to a kind of bitubular screw plate oil-water separator.
Background technology
Oil water separator is exactly machine oil and water separated, and principle mainly according to water and oily density contrast, utilizes the separator of centrifugation and sedimentation theory oil-water separation.Mainly be divided into mechanism in oil and remove oil eliminator except in separator and water; Purposes, be mainly divided into technical grade oil water separator, commercial oil water separator and family's oil water separator several; There is membrane filtration oil water separator from separation principle point, select the oil water separator of lipophile material, the proportion different Water by Power Free Oil-water Separator of layering, the breakdown of emulsion oil water separator of pharmacological action; Oil water separator is mainly used in petrochemical industry, auto industry, sewage disposal industry etc.;
Oil water separator of the prior art or complex structure, manufacture, operation and maintenance cost are high, or oil-water separation is poor.Be badly in need of a kind of novel low cost, high efficiency oil water separator.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to design a kind of novel bitubular screw plate oil-water separator, solves the problem.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is as follows:
A kind of bitubular screw plate oil-water separator, comprise urceolus, spiral plate, inner core and rotational agitation device, the middle and upper part wall of the tank body of described urceolus is provided with feed tube, and bottom is provided with collect cavity, top is provided with collection chamber; Described collect cavity is provided with outlet pipe and blow-off pipe, and described collection chamber is provided with flowline;
Arrange described inner core in described urceolus, described spiral plate is arranged on the middle part of described tank body and is arranged between described inner core and described urceolus; Described rotational agitation device is arranged in described inner core, and described spiral plate, described inner core, described rotational agitation device and described urceolus are coaxially arranged;
The top of described spiral plate is communicated with described feed tube and tangent, and described spiral plate forms the helical flow path under screw from described feed tube screw and between the inwall and the outer wall of described inner core of described urceolus; The bottom of described helical flow path is communicated with described collect cavity; The top of described helical flow path is communicated with described collection chamber;
The inner tube wall of the correspondence of described helical flow path is provided with oil hole be communicated with described inner core by described helical flow path, the top of described inner core is communicated with described collection chamber; Be provided with described rotational agitation device in described inner core, described rotational agitation device and power set are in transmission connection.
Described oil hole is located at the top of the runner of every section of described helical flow path.
Spiral angle 12 degree of-52 degree of described spiral plate.
Described rotational agitation device is screw rod, and the helix angle range of described screw rod is 18 degree of-45 degree.
The hand of spiral of described helical flow path is under the screw in the counterclockwise direction seen from the top down, and the hand of spiral of described screw flight is on the screw in the counterclockwise direction seen from the top down; The direction of rotation of described screw rod is see from the top down counterclockwise;
Or the hand of spiral of described helical flow path is under the screw along clockwise direction seen from the top down, the hand of spiral of described screw flight is on the screw along clockwise direction seen from the top down; The direction of rotation of described screw rod is see from the top down clockwise.
Described rotational agitation device is multistage blade.
Described power set are arranged on the top of described urceolus and are in transmission connection with the top of described rotational agitation device.
The sealed bottom of described inner core.
The beneficial effects of the utility model can be summarized as follows:
1, the utility model structure is simple, without the processing of complex parts, easy to use, cheap for manufacturing cost.
2, the utility model helical flow path of utilizing spiral plate to be formed and screw rod, cause double helix fluidised form to carry out oil-water separation, guarantee that separative efficiency is high, good separating effect.
3, the top of helical flow path described in the utility model communicates with between described collection chamber.When allowing oil water mixture tangentially enter tank body under intake pressure, the oil reservoir simultaneously stirred in described collection chamber rotates, and impels its further water-oil separating.
4, oil hole described in the utility model is located at the top of the runner of every section of described helical flow path.Due under the effect of density contrast, oil, except in the center set to described tank body, is also assembled to the top of helical flow path every section described in helical flow path.Then oil hole is arranged on the top of the runner of every section of described helical flow path, is more conducive to oil and enters inner core by it.
5, spiral angle 12 degree of-52 degree of spiral plate described in the utility model.Described rotational agitation device is screw rod, and the helix angle range of described screw rod is 18 degree of-45 degree.By the spiral angle of spiral plate and the spiral angle of screw rod being limited in suitable scope, thus ensure that oil-water separation is better.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
The technical problem solved to make the utility model, technical scheme and beneficial effect are clearly understood, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, are further elaborated to the utility model.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the utility model, and be not used in restriction the utility model.
A kind of bitubular screw plate oil-water separator as shown in Figure 1, comprises urceolus 1, spiral plate 2, inner core 3 and rotational agitation device 4, and the middle and upper part wall of the tank body of described urceolus 1 is provided with feed tube 5, and bottom is provided with collect cavity 6, top is provided with collection chamber 7; Described collect cavity 6 is provided with outlet pipe 8 and blow-off pipe 9, and described collection chamber 7 is provided with flowline 10; Arrange described inner core 3 in described urceolus 1, described spiral plate 2 is arranged on the middle part of described tank body and is arranged between described inner core 3 and described urceolus 1; Described rotational agitation device 4 is arranged on described inner core 3 li, and described spiral plate 2, described inner core 3, described rotational agitation device 4 and described urceolus 1 are coaxially arranged; The top of described spiral plate 2 is communicated with described feed tube 5 and tangent, and described spiral plate 2 forms the helical flow path 13 under screw from described feed tube 5 screw and between the inwall and the outer wall of described inner core 3 of described urceolus 1; The bottom of described helical flow path 13 is communicated with described collect cavity 6; The top of described helical flow path 13 is communicated with described collection chamber 7; Inner core 3 wall of the correspondence of described helical flow path 13 is provided with oil hole 11 be communicated with described inner core 3 by described helical flow path 13, the top of described inner core 3 is communicated with described collection chamber 7; Be provided with described rotational agitation device 4 in described inner core 3, described rotational agitation device 4 is in transmission connection with power set 12.
In the embodiment be more preferably, described oil hole 11 is located at the top of the runner of every section of described helical flow path 13.
In the embodiment be more preferably, spiral angle 12 degree of-52 degree of described spiral plate 2.Described rotational agitation device 4 is screw rod, and the helix angle range of described screw rod is 18 degree of-45 degree.
In the embodiment be more preferably, the hand of spiral of described helical flow path 13 is under the screw in the counterclockwise direction seen from the top down, and the hand of spiral of described screw flight is on the screw in the counterclockwise direction seen from the top down; The direction of rotation of described screw rod is see from the top down counterclockwise;
Or the hand of spiral of described helical flow path 13 is under the screw along clockwise direction seen from the top down, the hand of spiral of described screw flight is on the screw along clockwise direction seen from the top down; The direction of rotation of described screw rod is see from the top down clockwise.
In the embodiment be more preferably, described rotational agitation device 4 is multistage blade.
In the embodiment be more preferably, described power set 12 are arranged on the top of described urceolus 1 and are in transmission connection with the top of described rotational agitation device 4.
In the embodiment be more preferably, the sealed bottom of described inner core 3.
The helical flow path 13 that the utility model utilizes spiral plate 2 to be formed and screw rod or multistage blade, generating double helix, to carry out the separative efficiency of oil-water separation high, good separating effect.And structure is simple, without the processing of complex parts, easy to use, cheap for manufacturing cost.
The top of helical flow path 13 described in the utility model communicates with between described collection chamber 7.When allowing oil water mixture tangentially enter tank body under intake pressure, the oil reservoir simultaneously stirred in described collection chamber 7 rotates, and impels its further water-oil separating.
Oil hole 11 described in the utility model is located at the top of the runner of every section of described helical flow path 13.Due under the effect of density contrast, oil, except in the center set to described tank body, is also assembled to the top of helical flow path every section described 13 in helical flow path 13.Then oil hole 11 is arranged on the top of the runner of every section of described helical flow path 13, is more conducive to oil and enters inner core 3 by it.
Spiral angle 12 degree of-52 degree of spiral plate 2 described in the utility model.Described rotational agitation device 4 is screw rod, and the helix angle range of described screw rod is 18 degree of-45 degree.By the spiral angle of spiral plate 2 and the spiral angle of screw rod being limited in suitable scope, thus ensure that oil-water separation is better.
In addition, in concrete use, because the direction of the rotating centrifugal spiral of southern hemisphere and northern hemisphere is different, on the Northern Hemisphere, need described bitubular screw plate oil-water separator to meet: the hand of spiral of described helical flow path 13 is under the screw in the counterclockwise direction seen from the top down, the hand of spiral of described screw flight is on the screw in the counterclockwise direction seen from the top down; The direction of rotation of described screw rod is see from the top down counterclockwise;
In the Southern Hemisphere, need described bitubular screw plate oil-water separator to meet: the hand of spiral of described helical flow path 13 is under the screw along clockwise direction seen from the top down, the hand of spiral of described screw flight is on the screw along clockwise direction seen from the top down; The direction of rotation of described screw rod is see from the top down clockwise.
Power set 12 described in the utility model are motor, and described motor is arranged on the top of described tank body and is in transmission connection with the top of described screw rod.Because motor is power set 12 that are the most frequently used in prior art, most convenient, be arranged on the top of described tank body, device structure is simple, easy to use.
In the utility model, the feed tube of gun barrel (i.e. bitubular screw plate oil-water separator) is in the middle and upper part of tank body, and outlet pipe 8 is in bottom, and flowline 10 is above outlet pipe 8.Spiral plate 2 is had in tank, an inner core 3 is had in the middle of spiral plate 2, at inner tank wall, the helical flow path 13 formed between inner core 3 outer wall and spiral plate 2 under screw, inner core 3 wall of the correspondence of described helical flow path 13 is provided with oil through described helical flow path 13 is communicated with described inner core 3, a screw rod is provided with in described inner core 3, screw rod follow-up power apparatus 12 rotates, and screw thread upwards.
Operation principle of the present utility model is as follows:
Oil water mixture tangentially enters tank body under intake pressure, rotates and flows downward, form first centrifugal flow field along helical flow path 13; Due to profit density contrast, profit is separated in the passage of helical flow path 13, and oil floats, and sink under water, meanwhile, highdensity water is near described tank body, and low-density oil is near described inner core 3; Oil enters inner core 3 by described oil through, and water enters collect cavity 6 downwards through described helical flow path 13, and finally discharges from delivery port.
Enter the oil of inner core 3, still containing moisture, continue because density contrast continues water-oil separating in inner core 3, oil floats and enters the collection chamber 7 at top, and water continues the bottom sinking to entering inner core 3, and finally enters described collect cavity 6 and discharge from delivery port.Be positioned at the screw rod high-speed rotation at described inner core 3 center, in inner core 3, form second centrifugal flow field, oil accelerates to assemble to center, in the bottom of inner core 3, water throwing is gone out inner core 3 simultaneously, enters described collect cavity 6.
In addition, in other embodiments, described rotational agitation device 4 also can be multistage blade.To its require with above-mentioned be screw rod to described rotational agitation device 4 time requirement identical.
The utility model is described in detail in preferred embodiment above by concrete; but those skilled in the art should be understood that; the utility model is not limited to the above embodiment; all within spirit of the present utility model and principle; any amendment of doing, equivalent replacement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a bitubular screw plate oil-water separator, is characterized in that, comprises urceolus, spiral plate, inner core and rotational agitation device, and the middle and upper part wall of the tank body of described urceolus is provided with feed tube, and bottom is provided with collect cavity, top is provided with collection chamber; Described collect cavity is provided with outlet pipe and blow-off pipe, and described collection chamber is provided with flowline;
Arrange described inner core in described urceolus, described spiral plate is arranged on the middle part of described tank body and is arranged between described inner core and described urceolus; Described rotational agitation device is arranged in described inner core, and described spiral plate, described inner core, described rotational agitation device and described urceolus are coaxially arranged;
The top of described spiral plate is communicated with described feed tube and tangent, and described spiral plate forms the helical flow path under screw from described feed tube screw and between the inwall and the outer wall of described inner core of described urceolus; The bottom of described helical flow path is communicated with described collect cavity; The top of described helical flow path is communicated with described collection chamber;
The inner tube wall of the correspondence of described helical flow path is provided with oil hole be communicated with described inner core by described helical flow path, the top of described inner core is communicated with described collection chamber; Be provided with described rotational agitation device in described inner core, described rotational agitation device and power set are in transmission connection.
2. bitubular screw plate oil-water separator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described oil hole is located at the top of the runner of every section of described helical flow path.
3. bitubular screw plate oil-water separator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: spiral angle 12 degree of-52 degree of described spiral plate.
4. bitubular screw plate oil-water separator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described rotational agitation device is screw rod, and the helix angle range of described screw rod is 18 degree of-45 degree.
5. bitubular screw plate oil-water separator according to claim 4, is characterized in that:
The hand of spiral of described helical flow path is under the screw in the counterclockwise direction seen from the top down, and the hand of spiral of described screw flight is on the screw in the counterclockwise direction seen from the top down; The direction of rotation of described screw rod is see from the top down counterclockwise;
Or the hand of spiral of described helical flow path is under the screw along clockwise direction seen from the top down, the hand of spiral of described screw flight is on the screw along clockwise direction seen from the top down; The direction of rotation of described screw rod is see from the top down clockwise.
6. bitubular screw plate oil-water separator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described rotational agitation device is multistage blade.
7. bitubular screw plate oil-water separator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described power set are arranged on the top of described urceolus and are in transmission connection with the top of described rotational agitation device.
8. bitubular screw plate oil-water separator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the sealed bottom of described inner core.
CN201420430502.3U 2014-07-31 2014-07-31 Bitubular screw plate oil-water separator Withdrawn - After Issue CN204051082U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420430502.3U CN204051082U (en) 2014-07-31 2014-07-31 Bitubular screw plate oil-water separator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420430502.3U CN204051082U (en) 2014-07-31 2014-07-31 Bitubular screw plate oil-water separator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204051082U true CN204051082U (en) 2014-12-31

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CN201420430502.3U Withdrawn - After Issue CN204051082U (en) 2014-07-31 2014-07-31 Bitubular screw plate oil-water separator

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104107563A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-10-22 北京中天油石油天然气科技有限公司 Double-cylinder spiral plate type oil-water separator
CN105664535A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-06-15 沈阳化工大学 Spiral coil plate hydrocyclone separation device
CN106554102A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-04-05 中石化炼化工程(集团)股份有限公司 Oily-water seperating equipment and oil-water separation system
CN111298509A (en) * 2020-02-14 2020-06-19 东北石油大学 Multistage cylinder oil-water separator

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104107563A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-10-22 北京中天油石油天然气科技有限公司 Double-cylinder spiral plate type oil-water separator
CN104107563B (en) * 2014-07-31 2015-11-18 北京中天油石油天然气科技有限公司 Bitubular screw plate oil-water separator
CN105664535A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-06-15 沈阳化工大学 Spiral coil plate hydrocyclone separation device
CN106554102A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-04-05 中石化炼化工程(集团)股份有限公司 Oily-water seperating equipment and oil-water separation system
CN111298509A (en) * 2020-02-14 2020-06-19 东北石油大学 Multistage cylinder oil-water separator

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Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20141231

Effective date of abandoning: 20151118

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting