CN204047175U - Walking type directional stalk cutting machine - Google Patents

Walking type directional stalk cutting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204047175U
CN204047175U CN 201420397456 CN201420397456U CN204047175U CN 204047175 U CN204047175 U CN 204047175U CN 201420397456 CN201420397456 CN 201420397456 CN 201420397456 U CN201420397456 U CN 201420397456U CN 204047175 U CN204047175 U CN 204047175U
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provided
machine
cutting machine
arranged
type directional
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CN 201420397456
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵志伟
吴建民
孙伟
张华�
李涛
康璟
刘小龙
张瑞
李亚丽
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甘肃农业大学
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an agricultural harvesting machine, in particular to a walking type directional stalk cutting machine capable of cutting off stalks of high-stalk crops such as corn, broomcorn and sunflowers and arranging the stalks in the same direction in order. The walking type directional stalk cutting machine comprises a machine frame and is mainly characterized in that a biased front suspension type directional stalk cutting machine is arranged on one side of the machine frame, and a gearbox is arranged on the other side of the machine frame and connected with traction power through a transmission belt; the biased front suspension type directional stalk cutting machine comprises a combine harvester arranged on the machine frame in the vertical direction, a cutter is arranged below the machine frame, and guide wheels are arranged on the two sides of the machine frame respectively; a divider and a grain lifter are arranged at the front end of the combine harvester. The walking type directional stalk cutting machine is a front suspension type agricultural machine tool, and has the miniaturization characteristic so as to overcome the defect existing in harvesting operation in a large number of small fields and terraced fields in dry farming agricultural regions in the north, mechanized harvest is achieved, labor intensity is relieved, and compared with manual harvest, harvesting efficiency is greatly improved.

Description

手扶式定向割秆机 Walk-directional stalk cutting machine

技术领域 FIELD

: :

[0001] 本实用新型涉及一种农用收获机械,更具体地说涉及一种可以将玉米、高粱、向日葵等高茎作物的茎杆割断并沿同一个方向整齐排放的手扶式定向割杆机。 Walk-directional [0001] The present invention relates to an agricultural harvesting machine, and more particularly to a can of corn, sorghum, sunflower high stalk crop stalks cut neatly and discharged in the same direction of the cutting machine lever .

背景技术 Background technique

: :

[0002] 应用于玉米、高粱等高茎类作物的收获机械,国内日前只有大型的玉米联合收获机与四轮拖拉机配套的中型联合收获机。 [0002] applied to corn, sorghum, high mechanical harvesting stalk crops, and recently only large domestic corn combine harvester medium-sized four-wheel tractor combine harvester. 此类产品适用于在大面积地块作业,而不适于北方旱作农业区之大量的小块地,梯田地。 Such products are suitable for working in a large area of ​​land, and is not suitable for a large number of small pieces of dry farming areas of the north, the terraced land. 有一种手扶式割草机虽然也可以应用于高杆作物的割断,但不能实现隔断后整齐排放,且长时间使用比较费力不能有效降低劳动强度,并且效率较低。 Although there is a lawn mower may be applied to cut tall crops, but can not be achieved after discharge neatly cut off, and prolonged use of laborious not effectively reduce labor intensity and low efficiency. 本实用新型针对上述两种产品的不足,以微小型为特点,既实现了机械化收割,又降低了劳动强度,与人工收割相比,大大提高了收获效率。 The utility model is insufficient for these two products to micro and small is characterized by both mechanized harvesting, but also reduces the labor intensity, compared with the manual harvest, greatly improving the efficiency of the harvest. 该产品体积小、重量轻、方便灵活,适用于北方旱作农业区之各种地形条件,尤其适用于北方旱作大量推广的覆膜玉米的茎杆收割作业。 The product is small size, light weight, convenient and flexible for a variety of terrain conditions dry farming areas of the north, especially in harvesting stem apply to a lot of promotion of the film dryland corn.

实用新型内容: SUMMARY:

[0003] 本实用新型的目的在于弥补现有技术的不足之处而提供一种手扶式定向割杆装置。 [0003] The object of the present invention to remedy the shortcomings of the prior art and to provide a hand lever directional cutting apparatus. 以解决玉米、高粱等高茎类作物的茎杆割倒并按同一方向排放整齐的收割机械。 To resolve stem maize, sorghum, tubers high crop cut down neatly in the same direction and press the harvesting machinery.

[0004] 本实用新型解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案是:一种手扶式定向割杆装置,包括有机架,其主要特点在于在机架一侧设置有偏置的前悬挂式定向割杆机,另一侧设有变速箱,变速箱通过传动皮带与牵引动力连接,以改变整机的传动比,以调节作业速度;偏置的前悬挂式定向割杆机包括有在机架沿垂直方向设有联合收获器,在机架的下方设有割刀,两侧分别设有导向轮,导向轮既起到导向作用,又起到支撑作用;在联合收获器的前端设有分禾器、扶禾器。 [0004] aspect of the present invention to solve the technical problem is: A walk-behind directional cutting lever means comprises a rack, characterized in that the main front is provided with a biased orientation suspended in a rack side cutting machine lever, the other side has a gearbox that is connected by a drive belt and traction power, to change the transmission ratio of the machine, to adjust the working speed; the first biased orientation suspended cutting machine comprises a rack bar combine harvester provided with a vertical direction, a cutter provided in the bottom of the rack, the sides are provided with guide wheels, guide wheels both play the role of guide, but also play a supporting role; points provided at the front end of the combined harvester It is, supporting the crop.

[0005] 所述的手扶式定向割杆装置,所述的联合割放器,设于机体前端,包括有与变速箱通过传动皮带连接的皮带轮,在皮带轮上沿上下两个方向伸出立式传动轴,在传动轴上设有割刀、皮带轮、下拨禾轮、固定轴承和上拨禾轮;在另外一侧设有与立式传动轴平行的从动轴,两轴用由轴传动皮带相连,同步转动;上拨禾轮通过顶紧螺丝与立式传动轴连接。 [0005] the hand lever directional cutting means cutting the combined discharge device, provided at the front end of the body, including the drive belt pulley connected to the gearbox by, two vertically extending vertical directions on the pulley propeller shaft, with the cutter on the drive shaft, pulley, allocated reel, and the fixed bearing reel; on the other side is provided with a vertical shaft parallel to the driven shaft, a shaft with two shaft drive belt connected to rotate synchronously; on reel drive shaft are connected by screws with the top vertical.

[0006] 所述的手扶式定向割杆装置,所述的扶禾器的扶禾杆通过弹簧连接在连接杆上。 [0006] the hand lever directional cutting apparatus according Rotary Rotary Wo Wo is connected by a lever spring on the connecting rods. 它将秸杆扶靠在拨禾轮上,保证了秸杆沿着拨禾轮旋转方向运输,以实现秸杆的整齐排放。 Rotary straw will dial the rest reel, to ensure that the straw transport along the rotational direction of the reel, in order to achieve clean straw discharge.

[0007] 本实用新型的有益效果是:本发明体积小、重量轻、方便灵活,广泛适用于西北旱作农业区各种地形所种植玉米、高粱、葵花以及牧草的收割作业,可将玉米、高粱等高茎类作物的茎杆割倒并按同一方向排放整齐的收割机械可有效降低劳动强度,提高工作效率。 [0007] The beneficial effects of the present invention are: the present invention is small size, light weight, convenient and flexible, widely applicable to various terrain northwest dry farming areas maize, sorghum, sunflower and planted forage harvesting operations, can be corn, stalk crops of sorghum stem contour cut down in the same direction and press neatly harvesting mechanically reduce labor intensity and improve work efficiency.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

: :

[0008] 图1为本实用新型的主视示意图; [0008] Figure 1 is a schematic front view of the invention;

[0009] 图2为本实用新型的俯视示意图; [0009] FIG. 2 is a schematic plan view of the invention;

[0010] 图3本实用新型中联合割放器的示意图; [0010] Figure 3 of the present invention in a schematic view of the joint cut preamplifier;

[0011] 图4为扶禾器的示意图。 [0011] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the crop help.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

: :

[0012] 以下结合附图所示之最佳实例作进一步详述: [0012] The following examples shown in the accompanying drawings as best described in further detail:

[0013] 实施例1:见图1,图2,一种手扶式定向割杆装置,包括有机架4,在机架4 一侧设置有偏置的前悬挂式定向割杆机,另一侧设有变速箱6,变速箱6通过传动皮带7与牵引动力连接,以改变整机的传动比,以调节作业速度;偏置的前悬挂式定向割杆机包括有在机架4沿垂直方向设有联合收获器3,在机架4的下方设有割刀8,两侧分别设有导向轮5,导向轮5既起到导向作用,又起到支撑作用;在联合收获器3的前端设有分禾器1、扶禾器2。 [0013] Example 1: Figures 1, 2 A hand lever directional cutting apparatus comprises a frame 4, frame 4 at the front side is provided with a directional bias hanging bar cutting machine, the other 6 is provided with the transmission side, the transmission 6 is connected via a drive belt 7 and the traction power, to change the transmission ratio of the machine, to adjust the working speed; the first biased orientation hanging bar cutting machine comprises a frame 4 along combine harvester provided with a vertical direction 3, the frame 4 is provided below the cutting blade 8, are provided on both sides of the guide wheel 5, the guide wheel 5 both play the role of guide, but also play a supporting role; in the combine harvester 3 the front end is provided with a crop divider, 2 Rotary Wo.

[0014] 所述的联合割放器3,设于机体前端,包括有与变速箱6通过传动皮带7连接的皮带轮16,在皮带轮16上沿上下两个方向伸出的立式传动轴10,在传动轴10上自上而下依次设有割刀8、皮带轮16、下拨禾轮11、固定轴承9和上拨禾轮12 ;另外一边设有与立式传动轴10平行的从动轴10-1,两轴用由轴传动皮带7-1相连,两个轴的结构尺寸完全相同,两轴用传动皮带相连,同步转动。 Joint [0014] discharge of the cutting device 3, is provided on the front end of the body, including 16, projecting gearbox 6 connected by a drive belt pulley 7 on the two pulleys 16 in the vertical direction of vertical shaft 10, from top to bottom on the drive shaft 10 is provided with the cutter 8, pulley 16, allocated reel 11, the fixed bearing reel 9 and 12; the other side of the driven shaft is provided with upright drive shaft 10 parallel to the 10-1, two shafts 7-1 are connected by a shaft with a belt drive, two axes structure exactly the same size, two shafts connected by transmission belt, synchronous rotation. 变速箱6的一边接动力,另一边通过传动皮带7与立式传动轴10连接,其中固定轴承9用于固定传动轴,上拨禾轮12通过顶紧螺丝安装,可沿轴向上下移动,以调整高度,适应工作需要。 Transmission power contact 6 while the other side is connected to the drive belt 7 by a vertical drive shaft 10, wherein the fixing shaft for fixing the bearing 9, the reel 12 through the top mounting screws, can be moved up and down in the axial direction, to adjust the height to meet operational needs.

[0015] 所述的扶禾器2的扶禾杆15通过弹簧14连接连接杆13。 [0015] the help of the crop Rotary straw 2 connection 15 of rod 13 by a spring 14. 它将秸杆扶靠在拨禾轮上,保证了秸杆沿着拨禾轮旋转方向运输,以实现秸杆的整齐排放。 Rotary straw will dial the rest reel, to ensure that the straw transport along the rotational direction of the reel, in order to achieve clean straw discharge.

[0016] 本实用新型设有机架4,为焊接结构件。 [0016] The present invention has a frame 4, a welded structure. 机架4的下方装有割刀8,两边装有导向轮5,整机从前至后依次装有分禾器1、扶禾器2、联合割放器3、变速箱6、和传动皮带7。 The bottom of the rack 4 with the cutter 8, with both sides of the guide wheel 5, to turn the machine front with a crop divider, Rotary Wo 2, 3 put cut joint, gearbox 6, and the transmission belt 7 . 其中传动皮带可配有张紧轮,可以实现传输与分离的手动控制。 Wherein the drive belt may be provided with a tension pulley, transmission can be implemented with a separate manual control.

[0017] 使用时,该机的动力传送方式是由动力机的输出轴通过传动皮带与变速箱连接来实现,动力机启动后,当拉紧皮带张紧,动力传到割放器3后,割放器的传动轴10带动割刀8、下拨禾轮11和上拨禾轮12沿同一方向水平旋转,将作物茎杆割断并按同一方向拨放整齐。 [0017] In use, the power transmission system of the machine is achieved by the output shaft of the power machine through a drive belt connected to the gearbox, the power machine start, when tightening the belt tensioning force is transmitted to the cutting discharge 3, discharge cut shaft 10 is driven by the cutter 8, 11 and reel 12 allocated in the same direction on a horizontal reel rotation, crop stalks cut neatly press Bofang same direction. 整机在动力驱动下匀速行走,实现连续工作。 Machine running at a constant speed drive power, to achieve continuous operation.

[0018] 以上所述仅为本实用新型的较佳实施例,并不用以限制本实用新型,凡在本实用新型的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本实用新型的保护范围之内。 [0018] The above embodiments of the present invention the preferred embodiments only, not intended to limit the present disclosure, any modification within the spirit and principle of the invention, the, equivalent substitutions, improvements, etc., should It included within the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1.一种手扶式定向割杆装置,包括有机架,其特征在于:在机架一侧设置有偏置的前悬挂式定向割杆机,另一侧设有变速箱,变速箱通过传动皮带与牵引动力连接;偏置的前悬挂式定向割杆机包括有在机架沿垂直方向设有联合收获器,所述的联合收获器,设于机体前端,包括有与变速箱通过传动皮带连接的皮带轮,在皮带轮上沿上下两个方向伸出立式传动轴,在传动轴上设有割刀、皮带轮、下拨禾轮、固定轴承和上拨禾轮;在另外一侧设有与立式传动轴平行的从动轴,两轴用由轴传动皮带相连,同步转动;上拨禾轮通过顶紧螺丝与立式传动轴连接;在机架的下方设有割刀,两侧分别设有导向轮;在联合收获器的前端设有分禾器、扶禾器。 A hand lever directional cutting means comprises a rack, wherein: the bias is provided with a front suspension rod cutting machine directional side of the rack, with the other side of the transmission, transmission through the drive belt is connected with traction power; orientation before hanging biased lever cutting machine provided with a combine harvester comprising a chassis in the vertical direction, the combine harvester, a body provided at a front end, and transmission via a transmission comprising a belt connected to a pulley, the pulley extending in the vertical direction, two vertical shaft, with the cutter on the drive shaft, pulley, allocated reel, and the fixed bearing reel; provided on the other side a vertical shaft parallel with the driven shaft with two shafts are connected by a shaft transmission belt, rotate synchronously; on reel drive shaft are connected by screws with the top vertical; cutter is provided below the rack, both They are provided with guide wheels; crop divider provided at the front end of the combined harvester, the crop help.
2.如权利要求1所述的手扶式定向割杆装置,其特征在于所述的扶禾器的扶禾杆通过弹簧连接连接杆。 2. The walk-behind orientation of the cutting bar of claim 1 apparatus, wherein said help Wo Wo Rotary filter rod connecting rod by a spring.
CN 201420397456 2014-07-17 2014-07-17 Walking type directional stalk cutting machine CN204047175U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104956833A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-10-07 昆明理工大学 Pseudo-ginseng stalk harvester
CN105284277A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-02-03 青海林丰农牧机械制造有限公司 Small walking-type crop harvester
CN106171280A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-12-07 甘肃农业大学 Self-propelled corn stalk harvester

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104956833A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-10-07 昆明理工大学 Pseudo-ginseng stalk harvester
CN104956833B (en) * 2015-06-15 2017-01-18 昆明理工大学 One kind thirty-seven stem harvester
CN105284277A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-02-03 青海林丰农牧机械制造有限公司 Small walking-type crop harvester
CN106171280A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-12-07 甘肃农业大学 Self-propelled corn stalk harvester

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