Be described below in detail the embodiment of the application, the example of described embodiment is shown in the drawings, and wherein same or similar label represents same or similar element or has element that is identical or similar functions from start to finish.Be exemplary below by the embodiment be described with reference to the drawings, be intended to for explaining the application, and the restriction to the application can not be interpreted as.
In the description of the application, it will be appreciated that, term " " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width ", " thickness ", " on ", D score, " front ", " afterwards ", " left side ", " right side ", " vertically ", " level ", " top ", " end " " interior ", " outward ", " clockwise ", orientation or the position relationship of the instruction such as " counterclockwise " are based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, only the application and simplified characterization for convenience of description, instead of indicate or imply that the device of indication or element must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore the restriction to the application can not be interpreted as.
In addition, term " first ", " second " only for describing object, and can not be interpreted as instruction or hint relative importance or imply the quantity indicating indicated technical characteristic.Thus, be limited with " first ", the feature of " second " can express or impliedly comprise one or more these features.In the description of the application, the implication of " multiple " is two or more, unless otherwise expressly limited specifically.
In this application, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, the term such as term " installation ", " being connected ", " connection ", " fixing " should be interpreted broadly, and such as, can be fixedly connected with, also can be removably connect, or connect integratedly; Can be mechanical connection, also can be electrical connection; Can be directly be connected, also indirectly can be connected by intermediary, can be the connection of two element internals.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned term concrete meaning in this application can be understood as the case may be.
In this application, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, fisrt feature second feature it " on " or D score can comprise the first and second features and directly contact, also can comprise the first and second features and not be directly contact but by the other characterisation contact between them.And, fisrt feature second feature " on ", " top " and " above " comprise fisrt feature directly over second feature and oblique upper, or only represent that fisrt feature level height is higher than second feature.Fisrt feature second feature " under ", " below " and " below " comprise fisrt feature immediately below second feature and tiltedly below, or only represent that fisrt feature level height is less than second feature.
By reference to the accompanying drawings the application is described in further detail below by embodiment.
Present embodiments provide a kind of burst processing equipment of stator, its mainly can complete the raw materials such as iron core, skeleton, needlework are carried out process, the operation such as assembling, finally obtain burst stator finished product.
As Figure 1-3, above-mentioned burst processing equipment of stator mainly comprises:
Be positioned at the pan feeding station place of frame 1, for sending into the feeding mechanism 2 of burst stator core;
Be positioned at the assembling station place of frame 1, for burst stator skeleton being assembled into the assembling mechanism 3 iron core being formed elementary stator;
Be positioned at the contact pin station place of frame 1, for wire winding needle being plugged into the contact pin mechanism 4 elementary stator being formed secondary stator;
Be positioned at the welding post place of frame 1, for carrying out the welding mechanism 5 that frame welding process obtains finished product to secondary stator;
Be positioned at the discharging mechanism 7 at the discharging station place of frame 1; And,
For iron core is transported to assembling station from pan feeding station, elementary stator is transported to contact pin station from assembling station, secondary stator is transported to welding post from contact pin station, and finished product is transported to the conveyer 6 of discharging station from welding post.
Above-mentioned burst processing equipment of stator is owing to having carried out Mechanism Combination design, it comprise frame is arranged feeding mechanism, assembling mechanism, contact pin mechanism, welding mechanism, discharging mechanism, and processed product is transported to different station and makes said mechanism carry out respectively processing the conveyer finally obtaining burst stator finished product.Like this, fully achieve the fully mechanical processing being obtained burst stator finished product by raw material, saved a large amount of manpower, significantly improve operating efficiency, be conducive to batch production.
Below each mechanism in equipment is described in detail.
(1) conveyer 6:
Conveyer 6 mainly completes and is transported between different station by processed product, to realize processing process at different station accordingly by different mechanisms.
In the present embodiment, conveyer 6 is shifting fork mechanism, and as Figure 4-Figure 6, shifting fork mechanism comprises:
YZ bidirectional displacement platform 61; And,
Be arranged on YZ bidirectional displacement platform 61 and can move along Y-direction and Z-direction, and be provided with the pan feeding chamber 621 obtaining iron core, the assembling chamber 622 of elementary stator is formed for iron core, the pin cavity 623 of secondary stator is formed for elementary stator, the shift fork 62 in the welding chamber 624 of finished product and the discharging chamber 625 for finished product discharging is formed for secondary stator, pan feeding chamber 621, assembling chamber 622, pin cavity 623, welding chamber 624 and discharging chamber 625 are arranged in order on the Y-direction stroke of shift fork 62, distance between pan feeding chamber 621 and assembling chamber 622 is that pan feeding station is to the distance of assembling between station, distance between assembling chamber 622 and pin cavity 623 is assemble the distance between station to contact pin station, pin cavity 623 and the distance of welding between chamber 624 are the distance between contact pin station to welding post, distance between welding chamber 624 and discharging chamber 625 is the distance that welding post arrives between discharging station.
And YZ bidirectional displacement platform 61 comprises:
Shift fork seat 611;
Be arranged at the riser guide 612 on shift fork seat 611;
Be movably set in the Z-direction displacement platform 613 on riser guide 612;
To be arranged on shift fork seat 611 and lift cylinder 614 for driving Z-direction displacement platform 613 to move along Z-direction (being vertical direction in the present embodiment);
Be arranged at the translating rails 615 on Z-direction displacement platform 613;
Be movably set in the translator slider 616 on translating rails 615; And,
To be arranged on Z-direction displacement platform 613 and flat-removing air cyclinder 617 for driving translator slider 616 to move along Y-direction (being horizontal direction in the present embodiment),
Translator slider 616 and shift fork 62 fix.
The operation principle of above-mentioned shifting fork mechanism is roughly as following:
In an initial condition, lift cylinder and flat-removing air cyclinder are all retracted, shift fork is positioned at mechanism upper left side, during action, flat-removing air cyclinder is released, lift cylinder is failure to actuate, shift fork is positioned at mechanism upper right side, then lift cylinder is released, flat-removing air cyclinder is failure to actuate, shift fork drops to mechanism lower right, shift fork die cavity blocks processed product and (represents iron core, elementary stator, secondary stator or finished product), processed product is located, then flat-removing air cyclinder is regained, lift cylinder is failure to actuate, shift fork moves to mechanism lower left left, a station is moved to the left by processed product, lift cylinder is retracted, flat-removing air cyclinder is failure to actuate, initial condition got back to by shift fork, so move in circles, complete the movement of processed product between different station, when processed product moves to a certain station, then carry out corresponding operation process towards processed products by corresponding mechanism.
Like this, owing to devising above-mentioned shifting fork mechanism for processed product in burst stator processing process, shift fork has multiple with station respective chamber, thus shift fork achieves the movement towards processed products between different station in Y-direction and Z-direction motion process, and structure is simply ingenious.
(2) feeding mechanism 2:
Feeding mechanism 2 mainly completes the pan feeding chamber 621 iron core being transported to pan feeding station from core vibration dish.
In the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 1, feeding mechanism 2 comprises: directly shake 21 and pneumatic feed assembly etc., and certain feeding mechanism can also be made up of other forms of pan feeding functional part, is not limited only to form mentioned by the present embodiment.
(3) assembling mechanism 3:
Assembling mechanism 3 mainly completes the operation by insulating property (properties) Skeleton assembly to iron core being formed elementary stator.
In the present embodiment, as Figure 7-9, assembling mechanism 3 comprises:
The skeleton feed bin 31 of skeleton is received from skeletal vibration dish;
Limiting plate drives cylinder 32;
Be arranged at the discharge outlet of skeleton feed bin 31, drive the limiting plate 33 of cylinder 32 driving activity by limiting plate;
Cross locating piece drives cylinder 34;
Drive cylinder 34 driving activity be oppositely arranged the cross locating piece assembly 35 of the skeleton die cavity forming accommodating skeleton with limiting plate 33 by cross locating piece, the iron core binding cavity screens iron core by a distending is carried out in the iron core joint portion that cross locating piece assembly 35 struts skeleton;
Fork bin drives cylinder 36; And,
Drive cylinder 36 to drive by fork bin and be movably set in skeleton die cavity and sentence the fork bin 37 being sent to by skeleton and assembling station and dock with iron core.
Wherein, cross locating piece assembly 35 comprises:
Cross locating piece 351 as shown in Figure 10; And,
Fix with cross locating piece 351 and slide and be arranged at and the sliding connection block 352 on a holder 11 of frame 1, sliding connection block 352 as shown in figure 11, holder 11 as illustrated by figs. 12-13,
Cross locating piece 351 comprises:
To connect the portion that struts 3511 of position with skeleton; And,
With the locating piece main body 3512 strutting portion's unitary design,
The size strutting portion 3511 reduces from locating piece main body 3512 gradually to its free end, and is positioned at locating piece main body 3512 side size slightly larger than the size of iron core binding cavity under non-distending state.
Fork bin drives cylinder 36 to comprise:
First promotes cylinder 361;
Cylinder 361 driving activity is promoted to realize the cylinder platform 362 of skeleton and iron core first time butt junction location by first; And,
Be arranged on cylinder platform 362 with drive fork bin 33 further activity to realize skeleton to combine with iron core assemble second promote cylinder 363.
The operation principle of above-mentioned assembling mechanism is roughly as following:
In an initial condition, limiting plate drives cylinder, cross locating piece to drive cylinder and fork bin to drive cylinder to be retracted mode, during action, limiting plate drives cylinder to promote to decline at limiting plate, coordinate with cross locating piece assembly and form skeleton die cavity, skeleton then to combine with iron core via this die cavity and assembles.Fork bin is movable under promoting cylinder promotion first, iron core and skeleton are aligned, the cross locating piece iron core binding cavity screens iron core that drives the iron core joint portion rising to strut skeleton under air cylinder driven to come by a distending at cross locating piece subsequently, then, limiting plate drives cylinder and cross locating piece to drive cylinders retract, now, skeleton is still maintained by iron core binding cavity and aims at and screens iron core, then, second promotion air cylinder driven fork bin is movable further, skeleton being pushed iron core makes it in conjunction with assembling, so move in circles, complete the assembling procedure process between skeleton and iron core.
In addition, iron core one or both ends all realize the assembling of one or both ends skeleton and iron core by above-mentioned assembling mechanism.
Like this, assembling mechanism not only completes the assembling between skeleton and iron core, and, the first time contraposition between iron core and skeleton is achieved by the first promotion air cylinder driven fork bin, skeleton corresponding site is strutted by cross locating piece assembly, achieve the second time contraposition between skeleton and iron core, ensure that the assembly precision of iron core and skeleton, avoiding between iron core and skeleton can not exactitude position and the problem causing skeleton to encounter iron core and damage.
(4) contact pin mechanism 4:
Contact pin mechanism 4 mainly completes needlework to cut off and forms wire winding needle, and realizes the operation that wire winding needle assembles mutually with skeleton.
In the present embodiment, as shown in figs. 14-15, contact pin mechanism 4 comprises:
Material loading cylinder 41;
By material loading cylinder 41 driving activity wire winding needle to be plugged into the Plug pin patch bay 42 on elementary stator;
Be set in turn in the aligning wheel assembly 43 for stretching needlework Plug pin patch bay 42 from material loading cylinder 41 to contact pin station direction, the needlework after stretching for aligning wheel assembly 43 are carried out the rear wire clipping component 44 of clamp, are used for performing needlework the tangent line assembly 45 of thread cutting action formation wire winding needle, and, to be movably set on Plug pin patch bay 42 and with wire clipping component 46 before needlework are transported to tangent line assembly 45 from rear wire clipping component 44 between rear wire clipping component 44 and tangent line assembly 45.
Particularly, as shown in figs. 16-18, rear wire clipping component 44 comprises:
Being arranged on Plug pin patch bay 42 and offering the rear tension seat 441 in rear cable-through hole 4411 and rear compression activity chamber 4412, rear compression activity chamber 4412 is communicated with rear cable-through hole 4411;
Be arranged at the rear clamp cylinder 442 on rear tension seat 441;
Drive by rear clamp cylinder 442 with movable with the rear compact heap 443 compressing or discharge needlework in rear compression activity chamber 4412.
In addition, rear tension seat 441 can by rear clamp air cylinder board 4413, rear clamp fixed body 4414 and rear clamp base 4415 combine from top to down, rear clamp air cylinder board 4413, rear clamp fixed body 4414, be connected and fixed with screw between rear clamp base 4415 and rear clamp cylinder 442, in rear clamp fixed body 4414, chute is set, rear compact heap 443 can slide up and down and compress or release needlework under rear clamp cylinder 442 drives in this chute, rear clamp fixed body 4414 is arranged rear compression activity chamber 4412, position relative with rear clamp fixed body 4414 on rear clamp base 4415 arranges rear cable-through hole 4411, in addition, rear clamp base 4415 is also installed for aftermentioned line sending cylinder 461.
As shown in figures 19-22, tangent line assembly 45 comprises:
Cutter driving part 451;
Be provided with the Cutter apron 452 in Cutter apron needlework hole 4521;
Be movably set on Cutter apron 452, be provided with the cutting knife needlework hole 4531 corresponding with Cutter apron needlework hole 4521, and by cutter driving part 451 driving activity with the cutting knife 453 making Cutter apron needlework hole 4521 and cutting knife needlework hole 4531 misplace to cut off needlework.
In addition, cutter driving part 451 can be made up of cutter driving cylinder 4511, lever 4512 etc., cutter driving cylinder 4511 is fixed on Plug pin patch bay 42, lever 4512 is fixed on Plug pin patch bay 42 by a fulcrum 421 is rotary, and cutting knife 453 specifically can comprise combined bearing 4532, cutting knife connecting plate 4533 and cutter body 4534, cutter body 4534 is arranged cutting knife needlework hole 4531.Cutter apron 452 specifically can comprise combined cutting knife upper cover plate 4522, cutting knife pedestal 4523 and cutting knife front shroud 4524.
As shown in figs. 23-24, front wire clipping component 46 comprises:
Line sending cylinder 461;
Drive by line sending cylinder 461 and slide be arranged on Plug pin patch bay 42 with by needlework from rear wire clipping component 44 be transported to cutter assembly 45 and tension seat 462 before being provided with front cable-through hole 4621 and front clamp activity chamber 4622;
Be arranged at the front clamp cylinder 463 on front tension seat 462;
Drive by front clamp cylinder 463 with movable to compress or compact heap 464 before release needlework in front clamp activity chamber 4622.
In addition, front tension seat 462 can comprise combined upper plate 4623, guide pillar 4624 and lower shoe 4625, front compact heap 464 comprises combined upper compact heap 4641 and movable floor 4642, and movable floor 4642 is located on guide pillar 4624 by linear bearing 4643 slip cap.Lower shoe 4625 is arranged lower compact heap 46251 and form front cable-through hole 4621 to coordinate upper compact heap 4641.
The operation principle of above-mentioned contact pin mechanism is roughly as following:
In an initial condition, material loading cylinders retract, line sending cylinders retract, rear clamp cylinder stretches out compression needlework, front clamp cylinders retract release needlework, cutter driving cylinder stretches out and cutting knife needlework hole is aimed at Cutter apron needlework hole be communicated with, needlework to enter and stretching from aligning wheel assembly rear, through after wire clipping component, front wire clipping component, cutting knife needlework hole, Cutter apron needlework hole is drawn forward, during action, front clamp cylinder stretches out compression needlework, rear clamp cylinders retract, unclamp needlework, material loading cylinder stretches out and the mechanism on Plug pin patch bay (is comprised aligning wheel assembly, front wire clipping component, rear wire clipping component, tangent line assembly etc.) entirety releases forward, then, line sending cylinder stretches out, before promoting, wire clipping component forward, by the needlework that clamped by front wire clipping component via cutting knife needlework hole, Cutter apron needlework hole is sent forward, needlework insert elementary stator, then, the action of cutter driving cylinder, make cutting knife moves by lever pushing, cutting knife needlework hole and Cutter apron needlework hole are misplaced, cut short needlework with this and form the wire winding needle be plugged on skeleton, reset to initial condition subsequently, so move in circles, complete the contact pin operation process in wire winding needle insertion skeleton.
(5) welding mechanism 5:
Welding mechanism 5 mainly completes the ultrasonic bonding between iron core and skeleton, makes it closely cooperate to be unlikely to get loose.
In the present embodiment, welding mechanism 5 can be ultrasonic brazing unit, and certain welding mechanism can also be made up of other forms of welding functional part, is not limited only to form mentioned by the present embodiment.
(6) discharging mechanism 7:
Discharging mechanism 7 mainly completes burst stator finished product from the discharging of discharging station.
In the present embodiment, discharging mechanism can be product chute with direct discharging, and certain discharging mechanism can also be made up of other forms of discharging functions parts, as pneumatic discharging mechanism, is not limited only to form mentioned by the present embodiment.
The present embodiment and above-described embodiment are distinguished and are mainly: conveyer is manipulator.Manipulator is comparatively more complicated in shifting fork mechanism structure, but operating accuracy is higher.
The present embodiment is distinguished with above-described embodiment and is mainly: in the present embodiment front clamp assembly to needlework implement clamping part structure can with above-described embodiment one or two in after clamp assembly to implement clamping part structure to needlework identical.
The present embodiment is distinguished with above-described embodiment and is mainly: after in the present embodiment, clamp assembly implements to needlework that clamping part structure can to implement clamping part structure to needlework identical with front clamp assembly in above-described embodiment one or two.
Need the following points illustrated:
1, processed product retain in the cavitys such as pan feeding chamber and processed process time, it must be fixed by certain fixed structure, realize add not rocking of man-hour, ensure machining accuracy.
2, the work of the parts such as above-mentioned cylinder, be by controller (as PLC or other types controller) realization of designing program, this is also appreciated that in the art and realizes.
3, for a processed product, elementary stator, secondary stator, finished product is become successively after iron core pan feeding, the operation of last discharging sequentially completes, and for different processed products, its treatment process can be parallel in time, like this, just make burst stator processing efficiency be largely increased, in a disguised form saved production cost.
In the description of this specification, at least one embodiment that specific features, structure, material or feature that the description of reference term " execution mode ", " some execution modes ", " embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " example ", " concrete example " or " some examples " etc. means to describe in conjunction with this embodiment or example are contained in the application or example.In this manual, identical embodiment or example are not necessarily referred to the schematic representation of above-mentioned term.And the specific features of description, structure, material or feature can combine in an appropriate manner in any one or more embodiment or example.
Above content is the further description done the application in conjunction with concrete execution mode, can not assert that the concrete enforcement of the application is confined to these explanations.For the application person of an ordinary skill in the technical field, under the prerequisite not departing from the application's design, some simple deduction or replace can also be made.