CN204044599U - Based on the fire monitoring safety-protection system of Internet of Things - Google Patents

Based on the fire monitoring safety-protection system of Internet of Things Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204044599U
CN204044599U CN201420278773.1U CN201420278773U CN204044599U CN 204044599 U CN204044599 U CN 204044599U CN 201420278773 U CN201420278773 U CN 201420278773U CN 204044599 U CN204044599 U CN 204044599U
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China
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internet
module
unit
data
fire
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420278773.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王国义
章敏凤
鲍金花
秦坤
高超
叶显钊
朱佳棋
李哲楠
卢伟
陈冰冰
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Anhui Polytechnic University
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Anhui Polytechnic University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of fire monitoring safety-protection system based on Internet of Things, comprise monitoring node, gateway node, router, execution module, sun supply module and Surveillance center.Described monitoring node is responsible for the data of collection site, the data of collection in worksite are sent to gateway node by ZigBee-network, gateway node processes accordingly the data sent and stores, the information of gateway node is translated by router, be responsible for the information of gateway node to be sent to Surveillance center by internet, Surveillance center is to the data analysis process of collection in worksite, then issue an order, this order is sent to execution module by internet, solar powered module provides required electric energy for other each modules, by Surveillance center, the condition of a fire is monitored, once fire generation systems can open water injector automatically and Dry powder devices is controlled rapidly burning things which may cause a fire disaster and put out, this system can be used in enterprise, hospital, campus, community, the places such as mining area.

Description

Based on the fire monitoring safety-protection system of Internet of Things
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fire prevention, refer more particularly to a kind of fire monitoring safety-protection system technical field based on Internet of Things.
Background technology
Along with expanding economy, the raising of living standards of the people, the monitoring prevention of the condition of a fire is more and more caused to the attention of the people, condition of a fire early warning system has all been installed according to fire-fighting requirements by present most of units, self-extinguishing spray system, these measures serve due effect to a certain extent, but do not have phase internet can not by the relevant unit of the latest development announcement at scene and related personnel, the generation of the condition of a fire can not be determined timely in concrete position, the condition of a fire of some burning things which may cause a fire disaster is not suitable for putting out with water, will be forced to interrupt once find that there is condition of a fire electric power system, automatic fire extinguishing system is the cisco unity malfunction because of power-off likely, solar energy generation technology and technology of Internet of things are used on safety-protection system, compensate for the deficiency of existing safety-protection system.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome above problem, a kind of fire monitoring safety-protection system based on Internet of Things is provided, system utilizes solar energy resources to carry out work fully, the monitoring real-time to the condition of a fire, once fire generation automatically can start water injector and Dry powder devices controls burning things which may cause a fire disaster.
For achieving the above object, the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions.
Based on a fire monitoring safety-protection system for Internet of Things, it is characterized in that: comprise monitoring node, gateway node, router, execution module, solar powered module and Surveillance center; Described monitoring node is responsible for the data of collection site, the data of collection in worksite are sent to gateway node by ZigBee-network, gateway node processes accordingly the data sent and stores, the information of gateway node is translated by router, be responsible for the information of gateway node to be sent to Surveillance center by internet, Surveillance center carries out analyzing and processing to the information of collection in worksite, then issues an order, and this order is sent to execution module by internet.
Described monitoring node comprises sensor assembly, microprocessor unit, communication unit, video collecting unit, alarm, sensor assembly, alarm are connected with microprocessor unit respectively with video collecting unit, sensor assembly gathers the data of monitoring field, the video of video collecting unit collection site and image, microprocessor module is nursed one's health the field data gathered, alarm sends warning when running into abnormal conditions, and communication unit is used for the field data of collection to be sent to ZigBee-network.
Described sensor assembly comprises smoke transducer, gas sensor, temperature sensor, pyroelectric infrared sensor.
Described gateway node comprises ZigBee aggregation node, controller, video monitor unit, ethernet communication unit, ethernet communication unit is responsible for the signal of ZigBee-network to carry out changing and transmitting the signal to internet, the information that the on-the-spot video collecting unit of the information of ZigBee aggregation node receiving sensor module and video collecting unit, video monitor unit charge of overseeing gathers, described controller comprises processor, storer.
Described Surveillance center comprises microprocessor control module, data storage cell, data query unit, audible-visual annunciator, remote control unit, display unit, and data storage cell, data query unit, audible-visual annunciator, remote control unit, display unit are connected with microprocessor control module respectively.
Described execution module comprises communication module, microprocessor module, water injector and Dry powder devices, water injector is connected with microprocessor module respectively with Dry powder devices, water injector and Dry powder devices are responsible for putting out a fire to burning things which may cause a fire disaster, communication module receives the order of control center and is given microprocessor module and nurse one's health, and converts the signal that specifically will perform to.
Described solar powered module comprises solar panel, photovoltaic controller, accumulator, change-over circuit, electric energy output end mouth, accumulator and photovoltaic controller are bi-directionally connected, solar panel is connected with controller respectively with change-over circuit, and electric energy output end mouth is connected with change-over circuit.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the invention provides a kind of technology based on Internet of Things fire monitoring safety-protection system, this system makes full use of natural solar energy and powers, decrease the consumption of traditional energy, energy-conserving and environment-protective, real-time monitoring site the data of collection site, judge data analysis, can grasp field condition promptly and accurately, unsafe factor is removed timely, once generation condition of a fire system starts water injector rapidly and Dry powder devices is put out a fire.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is system architecture diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is solar powered modular structure block diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is solar electric power supply system block diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is monitoring node structured flowchart of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is gateway node structured flowchart of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is Surveillance center of the present invention structured flowchart.
Embodiment
In order to make object of the present invention, technical scheme and creation characteristic clearly understand, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of fire monitoring safety-protection system based on Internet of Things, comprises monitoring node, gateway node, router, execution module, solar powered module and Surveillance center; Described monitoring node is responsible for the data of collection site, the data of collection in worksite are sent to gateway node by ZigBee-network, gateway node processes accordingly the data sent and stores, the information of gateway node is translated by router, be responsible for the information of gateway node to be sent to Surveillance center by internet, Surveillance center carries out analyzing and processing to the information of collection in worksite, then issue an order, this order is sent to execution module by internet, and solar powered module provides the electric energy needed for work for this system.
As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, solar powered module comprises solar panel, photovoltaic controller, accumulator, change-over circuit, electric energy output end mouth, accumulator and photovoltaic controller are bi-directionally connected, solar panel is connected with photovoltaic controller respectively with change-over circuit, and electric energy output end mouth is connected with change-over circuit, photovoltaic controller is by microprocessor, charging circuit, discharge circuit and testing circuit composition, charging circuit, discharge circuit is connected with microprocessor respectively with testing circuit, microprocessor is single-chip microcomputer, solar panel is placed on the place of enough sunlights, solar panel absorbs luminous energy and is translated into electric energy, through the managed storage of overcharge circuit in accumulator, when testing circuit detects that electric energy output end mouth has load to need to power, discharge circuit is just opened and accumulator, change-over circuit composition closed-loop path, electric energy in accumulator is flowed to change-over circuit, the voltage of change-over circuit needed for the load of electric energy output end mouth, electric current is changed, meet the electric energy needed for the work of electric energy output end mouth different loads, this load refers to the monitoring node in system, gateway node, router, execution module and Surveillance center, solar powered module is no less than two, Surveillance center is used alone a solar powered module, can increase according to the solar powered module of the needs of real work.
As shown in Figure 4, monitoring node comprises sensor assembly, microprocessor unit, communication unit, video collecting unit, alarm, sensor assembly, alarm is connected with microprocessor unit respectively with video collecting unit, sensor assembly gathers the data of monitoring field, the video of video collecting unit collection site and image, microprocessor module carries out filtering to the field data gathered, denoising, the process such as amplification, communication unit is used for the field data of collection to be sent to ZigBee-network, warning is sent when running into abnormal conditions alarm device, staff is reminded to search reason, the contingent situation of timely process, and evacuation hedging is carried out to field staff.Sensor assembly comprises smoke transducer, gas sensor, temperature sensor, pyroelectric infrared sensor, between them by parallel join in microprocessor unit; The M-5/6/7/9 series smoke transducer that smoke transducer adopts Zhengzhou Wei Sheng Electronic Technology Co., Ltd to produce, when there is inflammable gas in environment residing for this sensor, its conductivity increases with the increase of combustable gas concentration in air, use simple circuit the change of conductivity can be converted to the output signal corresponding with this gas concentration, can detect multiple inflammable gas, be a low cost sensor being applicable to multiple application; The NAP-50A catalytic combustion method gas sensor that gas sensor adopts Shenzhen Xin Saichuan Electronic Science and Technology Co., Ltd. to produce, the gases such as methane, propane, hydrogen, hydrocarbon can be detected, this biosensor power consumption is low, high-speed responsive, small, there is false-alarm preventing function; The GX-01/02 fibre optic temperature sensor that temperature sensor adopts Nanjing five Shi Jin Sensotech Ltd. to produce, can measure higher temperature; The pyroelectric infrared sensor Lie302 of the dedicated probe flame that pyroelectric infrared sensor adopts German InfraTec company to research and develop, the photosensitive layer of this sensor is made up of the single crystalline compounds of lithium tantalates, is a kind of pyroelectric crystal; Video collecting unit is camera, is placed on the place of required monitoring, the image at Real-time Collection scene and video.
Each monitoring node has one unique No. ID, Surveillance center is identified by this unique No. ID, can judge that abnormal conditions appear at concrete place, communicated by ZigBee-network between monitoring node with monitoring node, place a monitoring node at interval of 60 meters, the radius of information transmission is 60 meters, each node composition reticulate texture, but also as via node, the field data of monitoring node collection can be delivered to ZigBee aggregation node by ZigBee-network.ZigBee technology be a kind of closely, low complex degree, low-power consumption, low cost two-way wireless communication technology, the self organizing function of ZigBee: without the need to manual intervention, the existence of other nodes of network node energy perception, and determine annexation, form structurized network; ZigBee self-healing function: increase, delete or mobile node, when a node fails, network can self-regeneration without the need to manual intervention, ensure whole system still can normally work.
As shown in Figure 5, gateway node comprises ZigBee aggregation node, controller, video monitor unit, ethernet communication unit, the signal of ZigBee-network carries out changing transmitting the signal to internet by router by ethernet communication unit loads, the information that the on-the-spot video collecting unit of the information of ZigBee aggregation node receiving sensor module and video collecting unit, video monitor unit charge of overseeing gathers, described controller comprises processor, storer, the information of processor to ZigBee aggregation node is nursed one's health, and the information after process stores in memory.
As shown in Figure 6, Surveillance center comprises microprocessor control module, data storage cell, data query unit, audible-visual annunciator, remote control unit, display unit, and data storage cell, data query unit, audible-visual annunciator, remote control unit, display unit are connected with microprocessor control module respectively.Gateway node is sent to Surveillance center by internet after the information of collection in worksite being nursed one's health, the environmental parameter of real-time monitoring site, the information that internet passes over comprehensively is analyzed, judge, show on the display unit (display be data and video) simultaneously, data storage cell is responsible for a large amount of information to carry out orderly classified and stored according to the sequencing of time and information category, data query unit is responsible for inquiring about historical data information, output can also be carried out to the information of inquiry to print, microprocessor control module is analyzed the bulk information gathered, judge, the data of exception are shown on the display unit with redness, staff is reminded to search reason timely and process fast, contingent danger is excluded, because each monitoring node has one unique No. ID, Surveillance center is identified by this unique No. ID, judge the abnormal specified place occurred, once the condition of a fire occurs, audible-visual annunciator action sends warning, this alerting signal is connected to 119 centers and 120 centers simultaneously, fire fighter and medical personnel rush towards rapidly scene and carry out coordinative command, relevant relief is provided.
Remote control unit is responsible for carrying out real-time monitoring and controlling to gateway node and monitoring node, the information that remote control unit sends according to microprocessor control module is issued an order, this order by internet to gateway node, monitoring node and execution module transmission, execution module is made up of communication module, microprocessor module, water injector and Dry powder devices, and water injector is connected with microprocessor module respectively with Dry powder devices, because some burning things which may cause a fire disaster are not suitable for putting out a fire with water, as some oils, there is the condition of a fire in charging equipments etc., need to use dry powder to put out a fire, reasonable manner is adopted to put out a fire according to different burning things which may cause a fire disaster, there is Surveillance center once fire to give an order, communication module receives the order of Surveillance center and is given microprocessor module and nurse one's health, convert the signal that specifically will perform to, decision is enabled Dry powder devices self-extinguishing or starts water injector self-extinguishing, or the two is successively sequentially put out a fire, burning things which may cause a fire disaster is controlled rapidly, fire damage is reduced to minimum.

Claims (7)

1. based on a fire monitoring safety-protection system for Internet of Things, it is characterized in that: comprise monitoring node, gateway node, router, execution module, solar powered module and Surveillance center; Described monitoring node is responsible for the data of collection site, the data of collection in worksite are sent to gateway node by ZigBee-network, gateway node processes accordingly the data sent and stores, the information of gateway node is translated by router, be responsible for the information of gateway node to be sent to Surveillance center by internet, Surveillance center carries out analyzing and processing to the information of collection in worksite, then issues an order, and this order is sent to execution module by internet.
2. the fire monitoring safety-protection system based on Internet of Things according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described monitoring node comprises sensor assembly, microprocessor unit, communication unit, video collecting unit, alarm, sensor assembly, alarm is connected with microprocessor unit respectively with video collecting unit, sensor assembly gathers the data of monitoring field, the video of video collecting unit collection site and image, microprocessor module is nursed one's health the field data gathered, alarm sends warning when running into abnormal conditions, communication unit is used for the field data of collection to be sent to ZigBee-network.
3. the fire monitoring safety-protection system based on Internet of Things according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described sensor assembly comprises smoke transducer, gas sensor, temperature sensor, pyroelectric infrared sensor.
4. the fire monitoring safety-protection system based on Internet of Things according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described gateway node comprises ZigBee aggregation node, controller, video monitor unit, ethernet communication unit, ethernet communication unit is responsible for the signal of ZigBee-network to carry out changing and transmitting the signal to internet, the information that the on-the-spot video collecting unit of the information of ZigBee aggregation node receiving sensor module and video collecting unit, video monitor unit charge of overseeing gathers, described controller comprises processor, storer.
5. the fire monitoring safety-protection system based on Internet of Things according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described Surveillance center comprises microprocessor control module, data storage cell, data query unit, audible-visual annunciator, remote control unit, display unit, data storage cell, data query unit, audible-visual annunciator, remote control unit, display unit are connected with microprocessor control module respectively.
6. the fire monitoring safety-protection system based on Internet of Things according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described execution module comprises communication module, microprocessor module, water injector and Dry powder devices, water injector is connected with microprocessor module respectively with Dry powder devices, water injector and Dry powder devices are responsible for putting out a fire to burning things which may cause a fire disaster, communication module receives the order of control center and is given microprocessor module and nurse one's health, and converts the signal that specifically will perform to.
7. the fire monitoring safety-protection system based on Internet of Things according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described solar powered module comprises solar panel, photovoltaic controller, accumulator, change-over circuit, electric energy output end mouth, accumulator and photovoltaic controller are bi-directionally connected, solar panel is connected with controller respectively with change-over circuit, and electric energy output end mouth is connected with change-over circuit.
CN201420278773.1U 2014-05-21 2014-05-21 Based on the fire monitoring safety-protection system of Internet of Things Expired - Fee Related CN204044599U (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105788149A (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-07-20 广西职业技术学院 Safety management system of the fire control in colleges based on the internet of things technology
CN105854210A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-08-17 武汉理工大学 Intelligent fire extinguishing system and method based on distributed pyroelectric sensing network
CN106558163A (en) * 2015-09-28 2017-04-05 哈尔滨东方报警设备开发有限公司 A kind of solar energy fire prevention audible-visual annunciator
CN106597918A (en) * 2016-10-28 2017-04-26 江苏金米智能科技有限责任公司 Intelligent building fire monitoring system based on wireless sensor network
CN106961586A (en) * 2017-04-14 2017-07-18 特斯联(北京)科技有限公司 A kind of Office Area safety monitoring system based on Internet of Things
CN107734040A (en) * 2017-10-24 2018-02-23 徐州新南湖科技有限公司 Ventilation blower communication component and Internet of things system
CN108305426A (en) * 2017-07-25 2018-07-20 四川雷克斯智慧科技股份有限公司 Fire scene intelligent analysis system
CN108776448A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-09 无锡南理工科技发展有限公司 The Internet of Things computer long-distance monitorng device of multiple-protection
CN110164095A (en) * 2019-05-15 2019-08-23 南京邮电大学 A kind of solid intelligent air monitor and alarm system

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106558163A (en) * 2015-09-28 2017-04-05 哈尔滨东方报警设备开发有限公司 A kind of solar energy fire prevention audible-visual annunciator
CN105854210A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-08-17 武汉理工大学 Intelligent fire extinguishing system and method based on distributed pyroelectric sensing network
CN105854210B (en) * 2016-04-25 2020-06-02 武汉理工大学 Intelligent fire extinguishing system and method based on distributed pyroelectric sensing network
CN105788149A (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-07-20 广西职业技术学院 Safety management system of the fire control in colleges based on the internet of things technology
CN106597918A (en) * 2016-10-28 2017-04-26 江苏金米智能科技有限责任公司 Intelligent building fire monitoring system based on wireless sensor network
CN106961586B (en) * 2017-04-14 2018-10-09 特斯联(北京)科技有限公司 A kind of Office Area safety monitoring system based on Internet of Things
CN106961586A (en) * 2017-04-14 2017-07-18 特斯联(北京)科技有限公司 A kind of Office Area safety monitoring system based on Internet of Things
CN108305426A (en) * 2017-07-25 2018-07-20 四川雷克斯智慧科技股份有限公司 Fire scene intelligent analysis system
CN107734040A (en) * 2017-10-24 2018-02-23 徐州新南湖科技有限公司 Ventilation blower communication component and Internet of things system
CN108776448A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-09 无锡南理工科技发展有限公司 The Internet of Things computer long-distance monitorng device of multiple-protection
CN110164095A (en) * 2019-05-15 2019-08-23 南京邮电大学 A kind of solid intelligent air monitor and alarm system

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Granted publication date: 20141224

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