CN204043713U - A kind of powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device - Google Patents

A kind of powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204043713U
CN204043713U CN201420490936.2U CN201420490936U CN204043713U CN 204043713 U CN204043713 U CN 204043713U CN 201420490936 U CN201420490936 U CN 201420490936U CN 204043713 U CN204043713 U CN 204043713U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sensor
unit
covering
master controller
powerline ice
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420490936.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
樊汝森
杨俊杰
王勇
姚金明
王志
胡宗帅
孟德军
杨小立
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai University of Electric Power
University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
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Shanghai University of Electric Power
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Priority to CN201420490936.2U priority Critical patent/CN204043713U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204043713U publication Critical patent/CN204043713U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device, comprise sensor unit, master controller, communication unit and power supply unit, described power supply unit is connecting sensor unit, master controller and communication unit respectively, and described master controller is connecting sensor unit and communication unit respectively; Described sensor unit comprises pulling force sensor, two-dimension tilt angle sensor, three-dimensional ultrasonic wind speed wind direction sensor and Temperature Humidity Sensor, described pulling force sensor is located between iron tower of power transmission line and insulator chain, described two-dimension tilt angle sensor is fixed on pulling force sensor, and described three-dimensional ultrasonic wind speed wind direction sensor and Temperature Humidity Sensor are separately fixed at the cross-arm place of transmission line of electricity.Compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantages such as monitoring accuracy is high, reliable.

Description

A kind of powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device
Technical field
The utility model relates to electric system on-line monitoring technique, especially relates to a kind of powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device.
Background technology
By the impact of mima type microrelief and microclimate condition, powerline ice-covering is relatively more extensive in China, and particularly in southern areas such as China Hunan, Guizhou, the broken string that icing disaster causes, the accident such as tower, flashover of falling frequently occur.Since the fifties in last century, the icing density that China's transmission line of electricity has occurred in various degree is thousands of secondary, and, powerline ice-covering district is usually located at the place that the personnel such as bealock, high mountain watershed divide, valley and the rivers water surface are difficult to arrive, be difficult to judge icing actual conditions, rush to repair difficulty when going wrong very big, have a strong impact on transmission line of electricity and normally run.
Typical ice covering monitoring system is many based on weight method at present, the wind speed wind direction sensor used gathers wind speed and direction based on two-dimensional level face, can not the wind speed and direction of accurate acquisition reality, therefore accurately can not ask for horizontal wind load and vertically-supplying air load to the impact of transmission line of electricity, the ice covering thickness error detected is larger.In addition, because device for monitoring icing is used for the remote mountain area transmission line of electricity such as bealock, high mountain watershed divide, valley, the signal of GPRS network cannot normally use in some place, is difficult to the reliability ensureing monitoring system.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model be exactly in order to overcome above-mentioned prior art exist defect and provide a kind of monitoring accuracy high, reliable powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device.
The purpose of this utility model can be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device, comprise sensor unit, master controller, communication unit and power supply unit, described power supply unit is connecting sensor unit, master controller and communication unit respectively, and described master controller is connecting sensor unit and communication unit respectively;
Described sensor unit comprises pulling force sensor, two-dimension tilt angle sensor, three-dimensional ultrasonic wind speed wind direction sensor and Temperature Humidity Sensor, described pulling force sensor is located between iron tower of power transmission line and insulator chain, described two-dimension tilt angle sensor is fixed on pulling force sensor, and described three-dimensional ultrasonic wind speed wind direction sensor and Temperature Humidity Sensor are separately fixed at the cross-arm place of transmission line of electricity.
Described communication unit comprises GPRS communication chip and/or ZigBee communication chip, and multiple described ZigBee communication chip connects to form ZigBee communication network.
Described power supply unit comprises the accumulator, solar energy intelligent controller and the solar panel that connect successively.
Also comprise TTL-485 change-over circuit, this TTL-485 change-over circuit is connected between sensor unit and master controller.
Also comprise low power consumpting controling circuit, this low power consumpting controling circuit is connecting sensor unit, master controller, power supply unit and TTL-485 change-over circuit respectively.
Compared with prior art, the advantage that has of the utility model and good effect are:
(1) by three-dimensional ultrasonic wind speed wind direction sensor accurate acquisition laterally, the wind speed parameter in longitudinal direction and vertical three-dimensional direction, and export by vertical coordinate or polar coordinate mode, according to pulling force and two-dimentional dip angle parameter, horizontal wind load can be calculated, according to horizontal wind load, between horizontal wind speed and vertical velocity, relation can calculate vertically-supplying air load, realize the horizontal wind load of accurate computing electric power line and vertically-supplying air load object, overcome existing two-dimentional wind transducer only the horizontal wind load of measurement ignore the error that vertically-supplying air load causes, the wind load error of calculation avoiding empirical parameter to bring, improve ice covering thickness monitoring accuracy.
(2) combined by ZigBee and GPRS two kinds of communication modes, the powerline ice-covering situation in the remote mountain area that the signal that the reliable and stable monitoring of energy is positioned at the GPRS network such as bealock, high mountain watershed divide, valley cannot normally use, improves the reliability of on-line monitoring system.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device;
Fig. 3 is the physical circuit figure of TTL-485 change-over circuit of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the physical circuit figure of low power consumpting controling circuit of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in detail.The present embodiment is implemented premised on technical solutions of the utility model, give detailed embodiment and concrete operating process, but protection domain of the present utility model is not limited to following embodiment.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device, comprise sensor unit 1, master controller 2, communication unit 3 and power supply unit 4, power supply unit 4 is connecting sensor unit 1, master controller 2 and communication unit 3 respectively, for each unit provides power supply, master controller 2 is connecting sensor unit 1 and communication unit 3 respectively.Master controller can adopt single-chip microcomputer.
As shown in Figure 2, sensor unit 1 comprises pulling force sensor 11, two-dimension tilt angle sensor 12, three-dimensional ultrasonic wind speed wind direction sensor 13 and Temperature Humidity Sensor 14, pulling force sensor 11 is located between iron tower of power transmission line and insulator chain, to detect insulator chain axial tension; Two-dimension tilt angle sensor 12 is fixed on pulling force sensor 11, to detect transmission line wire angle of wind deflection and insulator chain pitch angle; Three-dimensional ultrasonic wind speed wind direction sensor 13 and Temperature Humidity Sensor 14 are fixed on cross-arm place usually, three-dimensional ultrasonic wind speed wind direction sensor 13 is for gathering the wind speed parameter in transverse direction, longitudinal direction and vertical three-dimensional direction, and export by vertical coordinate or polar coordinate mode, Temperature Humidity Sensor 14 is for gathering atmospheric temperature and atmospheric humidity.In addition, for reducing to disturb by strong-electromagnetic field in signals transmission further, aviation plug and double-shielded cable line is all adopted between sensor and powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device, and in close insulator chain joint and the effective grounding respectively of powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device shielding box place.
The Information Monitoring of the monitoring of master controller 2 primary responsibility pulling force sensor 11, two-dimension tilt angle sensor 12, three-dimensional ultrasonic wind speed wind direction sensor 13 and Temperature Humidity Sensor 14.
In embodiment of the present utility model, communication unit 3 comprises GPRS communication chip 31.In another embodiment of the present utility model, communication unit 3 also comprises ZigBee communication chip 32, when GPRS signal is weak, the collaborative work of a few cover icing on-line monitoring system, multiple ZigBee communication chip 32 connects to form ZigBee communication network, information is passed to the strong device of GPRS signal and is exported by GPRS communication chip 31.The weak device of GPRS signal can not adopt GPRS communication chip and only adopt ZigBee communication chip.
Power supply unit 4 comprises the accumulator 41, solar energy intelligent controller 42 and the solar panel 43 that connect successively.
The powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device that the utility model embodiment provides, can accurate and reliably on-line monitoring powerline ice-covering situation, avoid causing electric power pylon to tilt even to collapse and circuit breaking due to powerline ice-covering, the anti-icing anti-ice ability of effective raising electrical network, eliminates ice damage in the budding stage.
Embodiment 2
Powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device 1 in the present embodiment also comprises the physical circuit figure of TTL-485 change-over circuit 6, TTL-485 change-over circuit 6 as shown in Figure 3, is existing circuit module.This TTL-485 change-over circuit 6 is connected between sensor unit 1 and master controller 2, the each sensor of sensor unit 1 is connected with TTL-485 change-over circuit 6 by RS485 bus, TTL-485 change-over circuit 6 is connected with master controller 2, for realizing the conversion of TTL and RS485 communication level and mode between master controller and sensor, and there is lightning protection function, carry out information interaction by RS485 communication mode and sensor, improve system rejection to disturbance performance.All the other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3
Powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device 1 in the present embodiment also comprises low power consumpting controling circuit 5, and the physical circuit figure of low power consumpting controling circuit 5 as shown in Figure 4, is existing circuit module.This low power consumpting controling circuit 5 is connecting sensor unit 1, master controller 2, power supply unit 4 and TTL-485 change-over circuit 6 respectively, low power consumpting controling circuit 6 is powered for optimization system, the power supply of CMOS tube CSD15571Q2 closure sensor unit 3 and TTL-485 change-over circuit 10 is turned off when sensor unit 3 does not work, reduce system power dissipation, lengthen working hours.All the other are with embodiment 2.

Claims (5)

1. a powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device, it is characterized in that, comprise sensor unit, master controller, communication unit and power supply unit, described power supply unit is connecting sensor unit, master controller and communication unit respectively, and described master controller is connecting sensor unit and communication unit respectively;
Described sensor unit comprises pulling force sensor, two-dimension tilt angle sensor, three-dimensional ultrasonic wind speed wind direction sensor and Temperature Humidity Sensor, described pulling force sensor is located between iron tower of power transmission line and insulator chain, described two-dimension tilt angle sensor is fixed on pulling force sensor, and described three-dimensional ultrasonic wind speed wind direction sensor and Temperature Humidity Sensor are separately fixed at the cross-arm place of transmission line of electricity.
2. a kind of powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described communication unit comprises GPRS communication chip and/or ZigBee communication chip, and multiple described ZigBee communication chip connects to form ZigBee communication network.
3. a kind of powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described power supply unit comprises the accumulator, solar energy intelligent controller and the solar panel that connect successively.
4. a kind of powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprise TTL-485 change-over circuit, and this TTL-485 change-over circuit is connected between sensor unit and master controller.
5. a kind of powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device according to claim 4, is characterized in that, also comprise low power consumpting controling circuit, and this low power consumpting controling circuit is connecting sensor unit, master controller, power supply unit and TTL-485 change-over circuit respectively.
CN201420490936.2U 2014-08-28 2014-08-28 A kind of powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device Expired - Fee Related CN204043713U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420490936.2U CN204043713U (en) 2014-08-28 2014-08-28 A kind of powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420490936.2U CN204043713U (en) 2014-08-28 2014-08-28 A kind of powerline ice-covering on-Line Monitor Device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204043713U true CN204043713U (en) 2014-12-24

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20140123750A1 (en) * 2011-06-10 2014-05-08 State Grid Information & Telecommunication Branch Method and system for monitoring power transmission line of power grid
CN107014435A (en) * 2017-04-20 2017-08-04 国网浙江省电力公司电力科学研究院 A kind of transmission line of electricity typhoon disaster observation tower

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20140123750A1 (en) * 2011-06-10 2014-05-08 State Grid Information & Telecommunication Branch Method and system for monitoring power transmission line of power grid
US9158036B2 (en) * 2011-06-10 2015-10-13 State Grid Information & Telecommunication Branch Method and system for monitoring power transmission line of power grid
CN107014435A (en) * 2017-04-20 2017-08-04 国网浙江省电力公司电力科学研究院 A kind of transmission line of electricity typhoon disaster observation tower

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141224

Termination date: 20160828

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee