CN204035904U - For the manufacture of the turning device of the underframe of rail vehicle - Google Patents

For the manufacture of the turning device of the underframe of rail vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204035904U
CN204035904U CN201420479240.XU CN201420479240U CN204035904U CN 204035904 U CN204035904 U CN 204035904U CN 201420479240 U CN201420479240 U CN 201420479240U CN 204035904 U CN204035904 U CN 204035904U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
horizontal stand
underframe
turning
fixture
screw
Prior art date
Application number
CN201420479240.XU
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘卫征
刘政
胡军
刘佳
王丽凤
Original Assignee
北京地铁车辆装备有限公司
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Priority to CN201420479240.XU priority Critical patent/CN204035904U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204035904U publication Critical patent/CN204035904U/en

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Abstract

For the manufacture of a turning device for the underframe of rail vehicle, described underframe comprises the multiple lateral frame and multiple longitudinal support that are fixed together by welding, comprising: two up-right supports, and described two up-right supports are oppositely arranged; Two whirligigs, can be arranged on described up-right support respectively rotatably; Horizontal stand, the two ends of described horizontal stand are arranged on described whirligig respectively, to rotate under the driving of described whirligig; And multiple fixture, be arranged on described horizontal stand, so that described underframe is remained on described horizontal stand.Utilize this turning device, underframe to be assembled can be made to rotate on horizontal stand, make position to be welded remain on posture upwards, be convenient to perform welding, improve welding quality.

Description

For the manufacture of the turning device of the underframe of rail vehicle
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of turning device, particularly, relates to a kind of turning device of the underframe for the manufacture of rail vehicle.
Background technology
As shown in Figure 1, the underframe 200 on the chassis of the stainless steel rail vehicle such as such as city underground, light rail, bullet train generally comprises multiple lateral frame 201 and multiple longitudinal support 202.For improving the intensity of whole underframe, the mode of welding is usually adopted lateral frame 201 and longitudinal support 202 to be fixed together.The lateral frame of this steel construction and the welding capacity of longitudinal support large especially.Usually, lateral frame to be welded and longitudinal support horizontal positioned, and the position of welding may towards all directions in three dimensions, like this, for realizing the welding to each binding site, staff has to change work posture.Particularly, when staff is positioned at the bottom of welding position, performs weld job and become very difficult, and usually occur the phenomenon that not prison welding is solid.
Utility model content
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides a kind of turning device of the underframe for the manufacture of rail vehicle, and underframe to be assembled can be made to rotate on horizontal stand, makes position to be welded remain on posture upwards, be convenient to perform welding, improve welding quality.
According to the embodiment of an aspect of the present utility model, a kind of turning device of the underframe for the manufacture of rail vehicle is provided, described underframe comprises the multiple lateral frame and multiple longitudinal support that are fixed together by welding, comprising: two up-right supports, and described two up-right supports are oppositely arranged; Two whirligigs, can be arranged on described up-right support respectively rotatably; Horizontal stand, the two ends of described horizontal stand are arranged on described whirligig respectively, to rotate under the driving of described whirligig; And multiple fixture, be arranged on described horizontal stand, so that described underframe is remained on described horizontal stand.
In above-mentioned turning device, each described up-right support is provided with lowering or hoisting gear, and described whirligig is connected to described lowering or hoisting gear, to drive described whirligig to be elevated by described lowering or hoisting gear.
In above-mentioned turning device, described horizontal stand comprises two longitudinal bracing portions and multiple transverse support portion be connected between described two longitudinal bracing portions.
In above-mentioned turning device, described horizontal stand also comprises two connecting plates at the two ends being arranged on described longitudinal bracing portion respectively, each described connecting plate is provided with multiple installing hole, each described whirligig comprises rotating disc, described rotating disc is provided with multiple cooperation installing hole, passes described installing hole and coordinate installing hole to be arranged on described rotating disc by described connecting plate accordingly to utilize bolt.
In above-mentioned turning device, described fixture comprises multiple first fixture, and each first fixture comprises: pedestal, is arranged on described horizontal stand; And first screw mechanism, can be arranged on rotatably on described pedestal, wherein, at least two the first screw mechanisms clamp described lateral frame and/or longitudinal support on the direction in opposite directions of at least one lateral frame and/or longitudinal support, be parallel to described horizontal stand move to stop described underframe on the horizontal direction and/or longitudinal direction of described underframe.
In above-mentioned turning device, one end contacted with described lateral frame or longitudinal support of described first screw mechanism is provided with the first buffer unit.
In above-mentioned turning device, described fixture comprises multiple second fixture, and each second fixture comprises: L arc, and the first end of described L arc is arranged on described horizontal stand; And second screw mechanism, the second end of described L arc can be arranged on rotatably, wherein, at least one lateral frame and/or longitudinal support are clamped on described horizontal stand by each second screw mechanism, leave described horizontal stand in a thickness direction to stop described underframe.
In above-mentioned turning device, one end contacted with described lateral frame or longitudinal support of described second screw mechanism is provided with the second buffer unit.
In above-mentioned turning device, the first end of described L arc can be pivotally arranged on described horizontal stand by hinge mechanism, and is provided with the stop part preventing L arc from rotating.
In above-mentioned turning device, described first fixture is arranged in described longitudinal bracing portion in couples respectively, and described first screw mechanism clamps described lateral frame on direction in opposite directions.
According to the turning device of the underframe for the manufacture of rail vehicle of above-mentioned various embodiment of the present utility model, by being rotatably mounted on the underframe to be assembled on horizontal stand, underframe to be assembled can be made to rotate on horizontal stand, position to be welded is made to remain on posture upwards, be convenient to perform welding, improve welding quality.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, feature and advantage more become apparent, below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view showing traditional rail vehicle chassis equipped underframe;
Fig. 2 is the schematic perspective view of display according to the turning device of a kind of exemplary embodiment of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is a kind of schematic perspective view when showing the underframe shown in turning device shop drawings 1 utilized shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is another kind of schematic perspective view when showing the underframe shown in turning device shop drawings 1 utilized shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the side view of display according to the horizontal stand of a kind of exemplary embodiment of the present utility model;
Fig. 6 is the top view of horizontal stand described in display Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the side view of display according to the first fixture of a kind of exemplary embodiment of the present utility model;
Fig. 8 is schematic cross-section when showing the first fixture fixed frame utilized described in Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is the side view of display according to the second fixture of a kind of exemplary embodiment of the present utility model; And
Figure 10 display utilizes schematic cross-section during the second fixture fixed frame described in Fig. 9.
Detailed description of the invention
Although fully describe the utility model with reference to the accompanying drawing containing preferred embodiment of the present utility model, but before this describes, should be appreciated that those of ordinary skill in the art can revise utility model described herein, obtain technique effect of the present utility model simultaneously.Therefore, Yan Weiyi discloses widely to those of ordinary skill in the art must to understand above description, and its content does not lie in the exemplary embodiment of restriction described by the utility model.
In addition, in the following detailed description, for ease of explaining, many concrete details have been set forth to provide the complete understanding to this disclosure embodiment.But significantly, one or more embodiment also can be implemented when not having these details.In other cases, known construction and device diagrammatically embodies to simplify accompanying drawing.
According to a kind of exemplary embodiment of the present utility model, provide a kind of turning device 100, for the manufacture of the underframe 200 on the chassis of the stainless steel rail vehicle 200 such as such as city underground, light rail, bullet train as shown in Figure 1.Underframe 100 comprises the multiple lateral frames 201 and multiple longitudinal support 202 that are fixed together by welding.Turning device 100 comprises: to two up-right supports 1 arranged; Two whirligigs 2 on up-right support 1 can be arranged on respectively rotatably; Horizontal stand 3, the two ends of described horizontal stand 3 are arranged on whirligig 3 respectively, to rotate under the driving of whirligig 2; And multiple fixture (see Fig. 7-10, will describe in detail below), be arranged on horizontal stand 3, so that underframe 200 is remained on horizontal stand 3.
According to the turning device 100 of the utility model embodiment, the underframe 200 on the chassis of manufactured rail vehicle is arranged on rotatable horizontal stand 3.Comprise in the lateral frame 201 of steel bottom structure and the process of longitudinal support 202 in manufacture like this, horizontal stand 3 can be driven to rotate by whirligig 2, the place to be welded making to be maintained at lateral frame 201 on horizontal stand 3 and longitudinal support 202 is all in state upward, such appearance of weld is good, welding position is in best stress, thermal weld stress amount is little, the institutional framework of weld seam and mother metal is made to be tending towards good, the solder of melting easily flow in weld seam due to the effect of gravity, thus weld while the good and firm of lateral frame 201 and longitudinal support 202 docking site can be realized, and require also relatively low to the technical merit of welder.
In the further embodiment of turning device 100, each up-right support 1 is provided with lowering or hoisting gear (not shown), and whirligig 2 is connected to lowering or hoisting gear, to drive whirligig 2 to be elevated by lowering or hoisting gear.In one embodiment, lowering or hoisting gear comprises the screw mechanism be arranged in up-right support 1, this screw mechanism and whirligig 2 screw thread bond, motor is utilized to drive screw mechanism to rotate, whirligig 2 then can be driven to move up and down, make horizontal stand 3 be in suitable height, best work posture can be kept like this when staff carries out weld job.
In another kind of exemplary embodiment, lowering or hoisting gear comprises motor, by motor-driven driving wheel and winding cable on the drive wheel, cable is connected to whirligig 2.Like this, motor rotates and horizontal stand 3 also can be driven to move up and down.
As shown in Fig. 2,5 and 6, horizontal stand 3 comprises two longitudinal bracing portions 31 and multiple transverse support portion 32 be connected between described two longitudinal bracing portions 31.Between adjacent transverse support portion 32, there is preset distance, so that staff performs weld job for the underframe be on horizontal stand 3 surface.In one embodiment, the transverse support portion 32 between longitudinal bracing portion 31 can be that square or rectangular steel pipe assembly welding form by cross section, and this structural rigidity is good, makes horizontal stand 3 have enough intensity.
In a kind of exemplary embodiment, as seen in figures 3-6, horizontal stand 3 also comprises two connecting plates 33 at the two ends being arranged on longitudinal bracing portion 31 respectively, and each connecting plate 33 is provided with multiple installing hole.On the other hand, each whirligig 2 comprises rotating disc 21, and described rotating disc 21 is provided with multiple cooperation installing hole, is arranged on rotating disc 21 by connecting plate 33 through installing hole and the corresponding installing hole that coordinates to utilize bolt 35.By the installing hole on change connecting plate 33 and the corresponding relation coordinating installing hole on rotating disc 21, the position of horizontal stand 3 relative to the axle center of rotating disc 21 can be changed, to guarantee the work posture that staff keeps suitable.
Be appreciated that whirligig 2 comprises the drive motors (not shown) for driving rotating disc 21 to rotate.For increasing the bonding strength between longitudinal bracing portion 31 and connecting plate 33, be also provided with the wedge shape reinforcing mechanisms 34 welded with longitudinal bracing portion 31 and connecting plate 33.
In turning device of the present utility model, fixture is arranged on horizontal stand 3, to be remained on horizontal stand 3 by underframe 200.Like this, when horizontal stand 3 rotates, underframe 200 can not move relative to horizontal stand 3.In a kind of exemplary embodiment, as shown in FIG. 7 and 8, fixture comprises multiple first fixture 4, and each first fixture 4 comprises: be arranged on the pedestal 41 on described horizontal stand 3; And first screw mechanism 42 that can be arranged on rotatably on pedestal 1.Wherein, at least two the first screw mechanisms 42 clamp lateral frame 201 and/or longitudinal support 202 at least one lateral frame 201 of underframe 200 and/or the direction in opposite directions of longitudinal support 202, be parallel to horizontal stand 3 move to stop underframe 200 on the horizontal direction and/or longitudinal direction of underframe 200.
Further, pedestal 41 bottom is provided with mount pin 44, utilizes mount pin the first fixture 4 to be arranged in the corresponding mounting hole be arranged in lateral frame 201 or longitudinal support 202, thus the first fixture 2 is arranged on horizontal stand 3.First screw mechanism 42 can form drive part 45 through pedestal 41, through hole 46 is provided with in drive part 45, a such as metal bar can be utilized through through hole 46, thus drive the first screw mechanism 42 to rotate by rotating metallic rod, and then the first screw structure 42 is made to hold out against lateral frame 201 or the longitudinal support 202 of underframe 200.Like this, as shown in Figure 8, a pair first fixtures 4 be positioned in relative direction can hold out against underframe 200 in relative horizontal direction, thus stop underframe to move up in the side parallel with horizontal stand 3.Such as, described first fixture 4 is arranged in longitudinal bracing portion 31 in couples respectively, and the first screw mechanism 42 clamps lateral frame 202 on direction in opposite directions.
Further, one end contacted with lateral frame 201 or longitudinal support 202 of described first screw mechanism 42 is provided with the first buffer unit 43, damages lateral frame 201 or longitudinal support 202 to avoid the first screw mechanism 42.
In a kind of exemplary embodiment, as shown in Figures 9 and 10, fixture comprises multiple second fixture 5, and each first fixture 4 comprises L arc 51 and the second screw mechanism 52.The first end (end of vertical component shown in Fig. 9) of described L arc is arranged on horizontal stand 3, and the second screw mechanism 52 can be arranged on second end (end of horizontal component shown in Fig. 9) of L arc rotatably.Wherein, at least one lateral frame 201 of underframe 200 and/or longitudinal support 202 are clamped on horizontal stand 3 by each second screw mechanism 52, leave horizontal stand to stop underframe 200 on the thickness direction of underframe 200.
Further, the first end of L arc 51 can be connected directly in the longitudinal bracing portion 31 of horizontal stand 3.In the alternative embodiment, the first end of L arc uses mount pad 56, and mount pad 46 can be releasably attached in the longitudinal bracing portion 31 of horizontal stand 3.Like this, the installation site of the second fixture 5 can be changed according to actual conditions.Such as mount pad can be arranged in transverse support portion 32 and/or longitudinal bracing portion.
In one embodiment, the first end of L arc can pivotally be arranged on horizontal stand by hinge mechanism 55.When needs fixed frame, can be as shown in Figure 10, L arc 51 is rotated the perpendicular to making the second screw mechanism and underframe 200, and rotate the second screw mechanism 52, time the second screw mechanism 52 compress lateral frame 201 or the longitudinal support 202 of underframe 200, thus stop underframe 200 to leave horizontal stand on the thickness direction of underframe 200.When discharging underframe 200, the second screw mechanism 52 can be loosened, L arc 51 is not rotated to the position shown in the dotted line shown in Figure 10.Further, be provided with stop part 57 at mount pad 56, rotate to prevent L arc.Stop part can be through the fastening bolt that a part of mount pad abuts to L arc 51.When tightened bolt presses L arc, L arc will no longer rotate, thus utilize the second screw mechanism 5 to be remained on horizontal stand 3 by underframe.
Second screw mechanism 52 can through the through hole 46 being formed in the second screw mechanism 51 second end, a such as metal bar can be utilized through this through hole, thus drive the second screw mechanism 52 to rotate by rotating metallic rod, and then the second screw structure 52 is made to hold out against lateral frame 201 or the longitudinal support 202 of underframe 200 from the upper surface of underframe 200.One end contacted with lateral frame 201 or longitudinal support 202 of described second screw mechanism 52 is provided with the second buffer unit 53, damages lateral frame 201 or longitudinal support 202 to avoid the second screw mechanism 52.
According to the turning device of the underframe for the manufacture of rail vehicle of above-mentioned various embodiment of the present utility model, the first and second fixtures are utilized to remain on horizontal stand by underframe, by being rotatably mounted on the underframe to be assembled on horizontal stand, can make underframe to be assembled on horizontal stand, realize the rotation of 360 degree of angles, position to be welded is made to remain on posture upwards, be convenient to perform welding, improve welding quality.And appearance of weld is good, require also relatively low to the technical merit of welder.
It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that, embodiment described above is all exemplary, and those skilled in the art can make improvements, independent assortment can be carried out when the conflict of the structure described in various embodiment in not recurring structure or principle, thus on the basis solving technical problem of the present utility model, realize more kinds of turning device.
After detailed description preferred embodiment of the present utility model; those skilled in the art can clearly understand; various change and change can be carried out under the protection domain not departing from claim of enclosing and spirit, and the utility model is not also limited to the embodiment of examples cited embodiment in description.

Claims (10)

1., for the manufacture of a turning device for the underframe of rail vehicle, described underframe comprises the multiple lateral frame and multiple longitudinal support that are fixed together by welding, it is characterized in that, comprising:
Two up-right supports, described two up-right supports are oppositely arranged;
Two whirligigs, can be arranged on described up-right support respectively rotatably;
Horizontal stand, the two ends of described horizontal stand are arranged on described whirligig respectively, to rotate under the driving of described whirligig; And
Multiple fixture, is arranged on described horizontal stand, to be remained on described horizontal stand by described underframe.
2. turning device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, each described up-right support is provided with lowering or hoisting gear, and described whirligig is connected to described lowering or hoisting gear, to drive described whirligig to be elevated by described lowering or hoisting gear.
3. turning device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, described horizontal stand comprises two longitudinal bracing portions and multiple transverse support portion be connected between described two longitudinal bracing portions.
4. turning device as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, described horizontal stand also comprises two connecting plates at the two ends being arranged on described longitudinal bracing portion respectively, and each described connecting plate is provided with multiple installing hole,
Each described whirligig comprises rotating disc, and described rotating disc is provided with multiple cooperation installing hole, passes described installing hole and coordinate installing hole to be arranged on described rotating disc by described connecting plate accordingly to utilize bolt.
5. the turning device as described in claim 3 or 4, is characterized in that, described fixture comprises multiple first fixture, and each first fixture comprises:
Pedestal, is arranged on described horizontal stand; And
First screw mechanism, can be arranged on described pedestal rotatably,
Wherein, at least two the first screw mechanisms clamp described lateral frame and/or longitudinal support on the direction in opposite directions of at least one lateral frame and/or longitudinal support, be parallel to described horizontal stand move to stop described underframe on the horizontal direction and/or longitudinal direction of described underframe.
6. turning device as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that, one end contacted with described lateral frame or longitudinal support of described first screw mechanism is provided with the first buffer unit.
7. turning device as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, described fixture comprises multiple second fixture, and each second fixture comprises:
L arc, the first end of described L arc is arranged on described horizontal stand; And
Second screw mechanism, can be arranged on the second end of described L arc rotatably,
Wherein, at least one lateral frame and/or longitudinal support are clamped on described horizontal stand by each second screw mechanism, leave described horizontal stand in a thickness direction to stop described underframe.
8. turning device as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that, one end contacted with described lateral frame or longitudinal support of described second screw mechanism is provided with the second buffer unit.
9. turning device as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that, the first end of described L arc can be pivotally arranged on described horizontal stand by hinge mechanism, and is provided with the stop part preventing L arc from rotating.
10. turning device as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that, described first fixture is arranged in described longitudinal bracing portion in couples respectively, and described first screw mechanism clamps described lateral frame on direction in opposite directions.
CN201420479240.XU 2014-08-22 2014-08-22 For the manufacture of the turning device of the underframe of rail vehicle CN204035904U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420479240.XU CN204035904U (en) 2014-08-22 2014-08-22 For the manufacture of the turning device of the underframe of rail vehicle

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105382467A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-03-09 湖南金松汽车有限公司 Workpiece clamp for splicing car frame
CN106670715A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-17 芜湖市元山机械制造有限公司 Electromagnetic sucking disc type robot welding workpiece fixing system
CN106736216A (en) * 2017-01-06 2017-05-31 南南铝业股份有限公司 A kind of welding tooling of liftable upset
CN108274182A (en) * 2018-03-05 2018-07-13 中车株洲电力机车有限公司 A kind of overturning tooling for the weldering of vehicle body bottom frame group

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105382467A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-03-09 湖南金松汽车有限公司 Workpiece clamp for splicing car frame
CN106670715A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-17 芜湖市元山机械制造有限公司 Electromagnetic sucking disc type robot welding workpiece fixing system
CN106736216A (en) * 2017-01-06 2017-05-31 南南铝业股份有限公司 A kind of welding tooling of liftable upset
CN108274182A (en) * 2018-03-05 2018-07-13 中车株洲电力机车有限公司 A kind of overturning tooling for the weldering of vehicle body bottom frame group

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