CN204002099U - Electronic lock - Google Patents

Electronic lock Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204002099U
CN204002099U CN201420465788.9U CN201420465788U CN204002099U CN 204002099 U CN204002099 U CN 204002099U CN 201420465788 U CN201420465788 U CN 201420465788U CN 204002099 U CN204002099 U CN 204002099U
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China
Prior art keywords
hole
linkage board
housing
lock
clutch
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CN201420465788.9U
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Chinese (zh)
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叶灵通
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叶灵通
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Priority to CN201420465788.9U priority Critical patent/CN204002099U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of electronic lock, it is fixed on door-plate, and this electronic lock comprises the parts such as shell body, mechanical lock, inner housing, clutch, electric motor actuator.The clutch device of this electronic lock is in inner housing, and lawless person cannot be corrupted to inner housing outdoors, then cannot manual control clutch, even and if then destroyed shell body and also can ensure the use safety of this electronic lock.And this electronic lock is used in conjunction with by electronic unit and common mechanical lock, and to the structure of mechanical lock without special requirement, versatility is stronger then.

Description

Electronic lock
Technical field
The present invention relates to lock technology field, especially relate to a kind of electronic lock.
Background technology
Along with the raising of people's living standard, and the development of science and technology, electronic lock is popularized gradually and is applied.The electronic password lock especially with anti-theft alarm function replaces traditional mechanical code lock, has overcome that mechanical code lock number of password is few, the shortcoming of poor safety performance, makes coded lock technically or in performance, all greatly improves a step.Conventionally, electronic lock, taking single-chip microcomputer as core, is equipped with corresponding hardware circuit, completes setting, storage, identification and demonstration, the drive motors actuator of password and detects alarm signal that its driving current value, receiving sensor send here, sends the functions such as data.Single-chip microcomputer receives the code of keying in, and compares with the password being stored in EEPROM, if password is correct, drive motors actuator is unblanked; If password bad, allows operating personnel to re-enter password, can input at most three times; If three times all incorrect, single-chip microcomputer is reported to the police to intelligent monitor by communication line.Single-chip microcomputer using each unlock operation and now the driving current value of electric motor actuator send to intelligent monitor as status information, simultaneously by receive also send to intelligent monitor from the warning message of sensor interface, as the foundation of intelligent analysis.Wherein, this electric motor actuator polygamy has clutch.
According to the difference of the mode of unblanking, electronic lock can be divided into: keyswitch type electronic lock, it adopts keyboard (or combination button) input unlocking cipher, easy to operate.Internal control circuit often adopts electronic lock application-specific integrated circuit ASIC; Dial-type electronic lock, it adopts mechanical dial switch input unlocking cipher, and many keyswitch type electronic locks can be transformed into dial-type electronic lock; Electron key formula electronic lock, it uses electron key input (or conduct) unlocking cipher, electron key is the important component part that forms control circuit, the element circuit that electron key can form by components and parts or by components and parts forms, make small hand-held unit form, the contact of electron key and governor circuit can be the various ways such as sound, optical, electrical magnetic; Touch type electronic lock, it adopts touch method input unlocking cipher, simple to operate, with respect to key switch, soft-touch control long service life, cost is low, has optimized electronic lock control circuit; Biological characteristic formula electronic lock, it carries out pattern-recognition control by computer and unblanks using the human body biological characteristics such as sound, fingerprint as Password Input, and intellectuality is quite high.
But, the no matter electronic lock of which kind of type, its electronically controlled clutch is all positioned at the housing of outer handle, and lawless person has destroyed outer handle just can directly open security door, thereby safe not.For this reason, Yi You producer by clutch device in lock body to avoid clutch to be subject to manpower control, but this kind of mode caused the versatility of lockset poor.That is, the lock body specification of security door is too many, need accordingly the specification of the electronic lock of exploitation also to need more, thereby not only the preparation cost of lockset is high, and engineering quantity, stock also increase thereupon.In other words,, if electronic unit and common mechanical lock can be coordinated to increase the versatility of lockset, foregoing problems can be readily solved.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of electronic lock, it is higher that it has safety, and the stronger feature of versatility.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
Electronic lock, it is fixed on door-plate, and this electronic lock comprises:
One shell body, this shell body is fixed on this door-plate lateral surface, is articulated with outer handle on this shell body, is also provided with signal and is connected to the Electronic Control end of a single-chip microcomputer on this shell body;
One mechanical lock, this mechanical lock is fixed in this door-plate, and this mechanical lock has dead bolt and the square hole of unblanking with this tongue linked;
One inner housing, this inner housing is fixed on the medial surface of this door-plate, and is articulated with interior handle on this inner housing, and this interior handle interlock has one first square bar, this first square bar this square hole of unblanking that links;
One clutch;
One electric motor actuator, this electric motor actuator signal is connected to aforementioned single-chip microcomputer and matches with this clutch;
---described clutch and electric motor actuator are fixed in this inner housing;
---the inner of described interior handle is provided with first hole, and in this inner housing, be articulated with one first linkage board, this first linkage board this first hole that links, the two ends of this first square bar are compatible with respectively this first hole and the square hole of unblanking, simultaneously, in this inner housing, be articulated with one second linkage board, the pivot place of this second linkage board is provided with the second hole that can rotate with respect to this second linkage board, this second hole is connected by this clutch with this second linkage board, and is connected with one first rigidity connecting rod between this first linkage board and this second linkage board;
---in described shell body, be articulated with the 3rd linkage board of this outer handle of interlock, the pivot place of the 3rd linkage board has third hole, between this third hole and this second hole, be provided with one second square bar, the two ends of this second square bar are compatible with respectively this third hole and this second hole.
The root of described outer handle is fixed with the 4th linkage board, between the 4th linkage board and the 3rd linkage board, is connected with one second rigidity connecting rod.
Described Electronic Control end is password key plate and/or fingerprint recognition window.
The advantage that compared to the prior art the present invention had is:
1, safety is higher.The electronically controlled clutch device of electronic lock of the present invention is in inner housing, and lawless person cannot be corrupted to inner housing outdoors, then cannot manual control clutch, even and if then destroyed shell body and also can ensure the use safety of this electronic lock.
2, versatility is stronger.Electronic lock of the present invention is used in conjunction with by electronic unit and common mechanical lock, and it is in the time that clutch is closed, and the square hole of unblanking that all can control mechanical lock by outer handle and interior handle reaches the object of unblanking and locking.That is, this mechanical lock not clutch of connecting electronic parts still can use, thus electronic unit and clutch inessential accessory, versatility is stronger then, can not cause the waste of function, and preparation cost is lower.And this electronic lock is to the structure of mechanical lock without special requirement, versatility is stronger then.
Brief description of the drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described:
Fig. 1 is the perspective exploded view of embodiments of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the lateral side view of shell body of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the lateral side view of inner housing of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment, is shown in shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3: electronic lock, it is fixed on door-plate 100.This electronic lock comprises: the parts such as shell body 10, mechanical lock 20, inner housing 30, clutch 40, electric motor actuator 50.Wherein:
This shell body 10 is fixed on these door-plate 100 lateral surfaces by the screw mode such as fix.On this shell body 10, be articulated with outer handle 11.That is, the root of this outer handle 11 is positioned at this shell body 10, and this outer handle 11 can rotate.On this shell body 10, be also provided with the Electronic Control end 12 of the single-chip microcomputer (not shown on figure, this single-chip microcomputer can be positioned at this shell body and/or following inner housing) that signal is connected to this electronic lock.This Electronic Control end 12 can be to be password key plate and/or fingerprint recognition window., this Electronic Control end 12 gathers the information of unblanking and this information conveyance single-chip microcomputer is extremely compared.
This mechanical lock 20 is fixed in this door-plate 100.Be same as common mechanical lock, this mechanical lock 20 comprises housing, in this housing, slides and is provided with slide plate, and the end of this slide plate is fixed with dead bolt 21.In the housing of this mechanical lock 20, be also articulated with the square hole 22 of unblanking, these square hole 22 these dead bolts 21 of interlock of unblanking.That is, this square hole 22 of unblanking rotates this slide plate slides of rear drive, and this dead bolt 21 stretches out or retracts to realize and lock and unblank then.
This inner housing 30 is fixed on the medial surface of this door-plate 100.On this inner housing 30, be articulated with interior handle 31.That is, the root of this interior handle 31 is positioned at this inner housing 30, and this interior handle 31 can rotate.These interior handle 31 interlocks have one first square bar 33.Such as, the end of the root of this interior handle 31 has square hole, and one end of this first square bar 33 is inserted in this square hole, and after these interior handle 31 rotations, this first square bar 33 is rotated then.These the first square bar 33 these square holes 22 of unblanking of interlock.Such as, the other end of this first square bar 33 is inserted in this and unblanks in square hole 22, then after these the first square bar 33 rotations, drives this square hole 22 of unblanking to rotate.
These electric motor actuator 50 signals are connected to aforementioned single-chip microcomputer and match with this clutch 40., after these electric motor actuator 50 actions of this Single-chip Controlling, control separation, the closure of this clutch 40.
Further say:
This clutch 40 and electric motor actuator 50 are fixed in this inner housing 30.
The inner of this interior handle 31 is provided with first hole 321, is articulated with one first linkage board 32 in this inner housing 30, these the first linkage board 32 these first holes 321 of interlock.The two ends of this first square bar 33 are compatible with respectively this first hole 321 and this square hole 22 of unblanking., the two ends of this first square bar 33 are inserted in respectively this first hole 321 and this is unblanked in square hole 22.Conventionally, this unblank 22 points of outsides of square hole and interior survey, what can only lock in its outside, this mechanical lock 20 can be controlled in inner side locking and unblanking.In the present embodiment, the inner side that this first square bar 33 inserts this square hole 22 of unblanking.And, after these interior handle 31 rotations, drive this first hole 321 rotate and then drive this first square bar 33 to rotate, and can drive equally this first hole 321 to rotate and then drive this first square bar 33 to rotate after these the first linkage board 32 rotations.This first hole 321 is opened on this first linkage board 32, and the two is equal synchronous rotary at any time.Meanwhile, in this inner housing 30, be also articulated with one second linkage board 34.The pivot place of this second linkage board 34 is provided with the second hole 341 that can rotate with respect to this second linkage board 34, and this second hole 341 is connected by this clutch 40 with this second linkage board 34., only, when this clutch 40 is during in closure state, this second hole 341 can drive this second linkage board 34 synchronous rotaries.Between this first linkage board 32 and this second linkage board 34, be connected with one first rigidity connecting rod 35.Obviously, the two ends of this first rigidity connecting rod 35 are connected to the non-pivot place of this first linkage board 32 and the non-pivot place of this second linkage board 34.That is, these the first linkage board 32 and these the second linkage board 34 synchronous rotaries.
In this shell body 10, be articulated with the 3rd linkage board 13 of this outer handle 11 of an interlock., this outer handle 11 can drive the 3rd linkage board 13 to rotate.Such as, the root of this outer handle 11 is fixed with between the 4th linkage board 14, the four linkage boards 14 and the 3rd linkage board 13 and is connected with one second rigidity connecting rod 15.Obviously, this second rigidity connecting rod 15 is connected to the non-pivot place of the 4th linkage board 14 and the non-pivot place of the 3rd linkage board 13, then the 4th linkage board 14 and the 3rd linkage board 13 synchronous rotaries.And the pivot place of the 3rd linkage board 13 has third hole 131, between this third hole 131 and this second hole 341, be provided with one second square bar 60, the two ends of this second square bar 60 are compatible with respectively this third hole 131 and this second hole 341.That is, under the connection of this second square bar 60, these third hole 131 and these second hole 341 synchronization actions.
Course of action of the present invention: when this Electronic Control end 12 receives after correct signal, this electric motor actuator 50 of this Single-chip Controlling and this clutch 40 make this clutch 40 closures, user rotates the 4th linkage board 14 after rotating this outer handle 11, then after driving the 3rd linkage board 13 rotations, drive this second hole 341 to rotate, under the connection of this clutch 40, this second linkage board 34 rotates, final these the first linkage board 32 synchronous rotaries, this first square bar 33 drives these square hole 22 rotations of unblanking to reach the object of unblanking and locking.Otherwise in the time that this Electronic Control end 12 fails to receive correct signal, this clutch 40 separates, aforementioned activities cannot complete.That is, although this second hole 341 can be rotated, lose the connection of this clutch 40, this second linkage board 34 cannot rotate, then only idle running of this outer handle 11.And no matter whether this clutch 40 is closed, when user rotates this interior handle 31, this first square bar 33 is all rotatable and directly drive this square hole 22 of unblanking to rotate and reach the object of unblanking and locking, this electric lockset is standby escaping function.
Electronic lock is widely used at present, and other structure and principle are same as the prior art, repeat no more here.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention; not thereby limit the scope of the claims of the present invention; every equivalent structure or conversion of equivalent flow process that utilizes manual of the present invention and accompanying drawing content to do; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical fields, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. electronic lock, it is upper that it is fixed on door-plate (100), and this electronic lock comprises:
One shell body (10), this shell body (10) is fixed on this door-plate (100) lateral surface, on this shell body (10), be articulated with outer handle (11), on this shell body (10), be also provided with signal and be connected to the Electronic Control end (12) of a single-chip microcomputer;
One mechanical lock (20), this mechanical lock (20) is fixed in this door-plate (100), and this mechanical lock (20) has dead bolt (21) and the square hole of unblanking (22) with this dead bolt (21) interlock;
One inner housing (30), this inner housing (30) is fixed on the medial surface of this door-plate (100), and on this inner housing (30), be articulated with interior handle (31), the interlock of this interior handle (31) has one first square bar (33), this first square bar (33) this square hole of unblanking (22) that links;
One clutch (40);
One electric motor actuator (50), this electric motor actuator (50) signal is connected to aforementioned single-chip microcomputer and matches with this clutch (40);
It is characterized in that:
---described clutch (40) and electric motor actuator (50) are fixed in this inner housing (30);
---the inner of described interior handle (31) is provided with first hole (321), and in this inner housing (30), be articulated with one first linkage board (32), this first linkage board (32) this first hole (321) that links, the two ends of this first square bar (33) are compatible with respectively this first hole (321) and the square hole of unblanking (22), simultaneously, in this inner housing (30), be articulated with one second linkage board (34), the pivot place of this second linkage board (34) is provided with the second hole (341) that can rotate with respect to this second linkage board (34), this second hole (341) is connected by this clutch (40) with this second linkage board (34), and be connected with one first rigidity connecting rod (35) between this first linkage board (32) and this second linkage board (34),
---in described shell body (10), be articulated with the 3rd linkage board (13) of this outer handle (11) of an interlock, the pivot place of the 3rd linkage board (13) has third hole (131), between this third hole (131) and this second hole (341), be provided with one second square bar (60), the two ends of this second square bar (60) are compatible with respectively this third hole (131) and this second hole (341).
2. electronic lock according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the root of described outer handle (11) is fixed with the 4th linkage board (14), between the 4th linkage board (14) and the 3rd linkage board (13), be connected with one second rigidity connecting rod (15).
3. electronic lock according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described Electronic Control end (12) is password key plate and/or fingerprint recognition window.
CN201420465788.9U 2014-08-18 2014-08-18 Electronic lock Active CN204002099U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420465788.9U CN204002099U (en) 2014-08-18 2014-08-18 Electronic lock

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420465788.9U CN204002099U (en) 2014-08-18 2014-08-18 Electronic lock

Publications (1)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106088839A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-11-09 深圳市金指纹科技有限公司 A kind of mechanical key finger-print cipher electronic lock with double transmissions and independent dual system
CN106088842A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-11-09 深圳市金指纹科技有限公司 A kind of Bidirectional driving independence dual system combines electronic lock body finger-print cipher electronic lock
CN106609603A (en) * 2015-10-22 2017-05-03 广东金点原子制锁有限公司 Electronic panel lock
WO2017211223A1 (en) * 2016-06-08 2017-12-14 黄豪杰 Electronic door lock
CN111140089A (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-05-12 中山市志宇安防科技有限公司 Novel electromechanical intelligent control automatic anti-theft mortise lock body and use method

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106609603A (en) * 2015-10-22 2017-05-03 广东金点原子制锁有限公司 Electronic panel lock
WO2017211223A1 (en) * 2016-06-08 2017-12-14 黄豪杰 Electronic door lock
CN106088839A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-11-09 深圳市金指纹科技有限公司 A kind of mechanical key finger-print cipher electronic lock with double transmissions and independent dual system
CN106088842A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-11-09 深圳市金指纹科技有限公司 A kind of Bidirectional driving independence dual system combines electronic lock body finger-print cipher electronic lock
CN111140089A (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-05-12 中山市志宇安防科技有限公司 Novel electromechanical intelligent control automatic anti-theft mortise lock body and use method

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