A kind of board knife mark machine
The utility model relates to a kind of machine that processes decorative pattern on sheet material, relates in particular to a kind of board knife mark machine that processes three-dimensional antique hand push plane ripple glaze in timber floor.
Raw wood floor or the compoiste wood floor of the existing use for decorations, its decorative cover is all plane conventionally or only has the very shallow natural design in intaglio of the degree of depth.The pattern effect of these sheet materials lacks charm modelled after an antique, can not show well a kind of ancient vicissitudes with a long history, is that ancient pure craft is made.So occurred afterwards having, hand was scraped, the hand scraper plate of hand push plane.Such sheet material makes by artificial cutter scraper plate or hand push carpenter's plane or electric planer mode, is usually used as timber floor.Its production process is roughly as follows: hand-held scraper or a kind of hand push plane that blade is housed that is provided with wing of workman, along single direction, on sheet material, carry out repeatedly scraping, intentional crooked scraping path in the process of scraping, make the U-shaped groove that stays on sheet material as a kind of way of hand push carpenter's plane of former Gu, with this, process the hand scraper trace modelled after an antique with pseudo-classic effect.From above production process, can find out, the production efficiency of manual blade is very low, labour intensity is very large, and the scraper plate degree of depth randomness on each plate is larger, easily the overall visual impact after impact installation.
Although the current existing machine that substitutes staff scraper plate, as by name " Novel full-automatic manual grain scraper " of applicant in first to file, number of patent application is 201120467840.0 the disclosed scrapper conveyor of utility model patent, but its concrete blade member relating to is located at the top of plate conveying device, if the variable thickness of plate, gap between device for scraping and sheet material has more unsteady, cause the U-shaped groove depth variation of the sheet material of same batch to be floated greatly, even there will be because the excesssive gap between device for scraping and sheet material causes the situation that device for scraping cannot scraping sheet material, affect the Integral decoration effect of sheet material.A large amount of dust that device for scraping scraping sheet material produces can be dispersed in machine surrounding, pollute working environment, and a large amount of wood chips that device for scraping scraping sheet material produces drop in plate conveying device, can affect the service life of plate conveying device.So, need to further improve existing scraping plate of automatic machine.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model be to provide a kind of can unified sheet material scrape depth benchmark for process the knife mark machine of anti-skidding pseudo-classic texture on sheet material.
For realizing this purpose, the utility model adopts following technical scheme:
A board knife mark machine, comprises frame, and described frame is provided with several device for scraping, in described frame, is provided with workbench; The upper surface of described workbench is scraping datum level; Described scraping datum level is provided with at least two positive stop strips; On described scraping datum level, be reserved with the scraping mouth that several stretch out for the cutter of device for scraping; Also comprise some transmission mechanisms and several hold down gags; Described hold down gag is arranged between described transmission mechanism, and the compressing member of described hold down gag is located at the top of described scraping mouth; Described device for scraping is installed in the below of described scraping mouth, corresponding one by one with described hold down gag.
Device for scraping consists of the spindle motor linking together and scraper, and the rotation of scraper and substrate glide direction are perpendicular.Device for scraping is arranged in the motion portion that two-dimentional drive unit is corresponding, two dimension drive unit drives device for scraping to move in perpendicular, thereby device for scraping can be moved along width and the thickness direction of plate, regulate the speed of service of two-dimentional each driving direction of drive unit, thereby drive device for scraping on substrate, to scrape naturally deep mixed, width differs, and knife mark intersects hand knife mark effect straggly mutually.
Operation principle of the present utility model is as follows:
Start transmission mechanism and scraping unit, and adjust the relative distance between each device for scraping and scraping datum level according to the technological requirement of processing.By external transmission device, substrate to be processed is delivered to the porch of workbench, under the drive of transmission mechanism, substrate slides toward downstream between two guiding rulers.To be processed of substrate is affixed with scraping datum level; when substrate process hold down gag; hold down gag will guarantee that substrate is close on scraping datum level; the device for scraping that is positioned at scraping datum level below starts scraping substrate, and width and the thickness direction along plate moves under the drive of two-dimentional drive unit.With metacoxal plate, will enter next transmission mechanism and slide towards next hold down gag.After passing through all hold down gag and device for scraping, to be processed of substrate can leave cutting U-shaped vestige randomness or systematicness, and this revolution mark is the naturally graceful anti-skidding pseudo-classic texture of wanting.
In response to the needs of textured pattern, the motion that the motion portion of each two-dimentional drive unit does can be regular motion, can be also irregular motion.
Described scraper can be line style cutter, and the radian of its blade can or be made according to actual operation requirements for 10mm, 25mm, 30mm, 35mm, and its profile of tooth can be helical teeth or spur type zigzag tooth.Because the surface condition of sheet material is also inconsistent, on the surface of sheet material, may there is protruding scar knot, scraper touches scar knot in scraping process, scar may be tied to whole starting, and leaves shrinkage pool on sheet material, has destroyed the decorative effect of sheet material.For fear of this situation, preferably, described scraper comprises knife rest and be installed in some groups of blades on knife rest, and described knife rest is column structure, and the cutting edge of described blade is parallel with the axis of knife rest, and described blade is interspersed along the axis direction of knife rest.
Described workbench can be whole, also can be comprised of the several sections of carrying platforms with carrying datum level.When workbench is comprised of several sections of carrying platforms, the carrying datum level of carrying platform is mutually concordant.
In order to adjust the gap between hold down gag and scraping datum level, make the sheet material of the various thickness of knife mark functional adaptation, preferably, described hold down gag comprises bracing frame; Support frame as described above is provided with the vertical back and forth pressing plate of translation of bracing frame relatively; Also comprise for regulating the adjusting device in gap between pressing plate and scraping datum level; Described adjusting device is arranged on support frame as described above.Described adjusting device can be hand-screw screw rod or cylinder.
Described transmission mechanism comprises friction pulley and worm gear device; Described friction pulley is connected on the output of described worm gear device, and the input of described worm gear device is by driven by motor.Transporting velocity uniformity for transmission mechanism, thereby the safe spacing between assurance front-back baseboard, preferably, the specification of each worm gear device that belongs to described transmission mechanism is identical, and these worm gear devices are by the shaft joint connection that is synchronized with the movement, and drive total driven by motor by one.In order to adjust the gap between friction pulley and scraping datum level, make the sheet material of the various thickness of knife mark functional adaptation, as further improvement, in described frame, be fixed with the supporting base corresponding with worm gear device difference; Described supporting base is provided with the swing arm that can rotate relative to supporting base; Described friction pulley is installed in described swing arm, and described friction pulley is to rotate and the friction pulley that can rotate relative to described supporting base with described swing arm relative to described swing arm; Between swing arm and supporting base, be also provided with cylinder.
Dust pollution knife mark machine and working region during for fear of scraping sheet material, preferably, described workbench below is provided with several crumb unloading chambeies; The described scraper of the corresponding encirclement in described crumb unloading chamber; Described crumb unloading chamber communicates with dust collection.Because the compacted apparatus pressing of substrate is on scraping datum level, when scraper runs up, the wood chip that scraping sheet material produces will drop in crumb unloading chamber, and taken in dust collection by the scraper air-flow being produced that runs up, by exhausting, wood powder is taken away again, thereby the wood chip while having avoided scraping sheet material, wood powder etc. fly upward everywhere.
Because the opening length of scraping mouth is constant, for guaranteeing the wider plate of processing, its opening length is also long.In this case, if while producing the narrow bent plate material of width with this machine, plate its end face in through scraping mouth likely can partly fall into scraping mouth and be stuck.For avoiding the generation of this situation, preferably, the below of described scraping mouth is provided with the back-up block that can move along plate width; Described back-up block is provided with accepts plane; It is described that to accept plane mutually concordant with described scraping datum level.Like this plate is owing to obtaining accepting the support of plane, and its end face at any time can not be stuck in scraping mouth yet.
In order to make the sheet material of the various width of knife mark functional adaptation and to be convenient to, install, preferably, described positive stop strip is provided with for regulating the roll adjustment hole of width between described positive stop strip.By regulating screw rod and coordinating of roll adjustment hole, get final product the gap between two positive stop strips of quick adjustment.
In order to guarantee that substrate can enter scraping plane smoothly, preferably, the head end of described workbench upstream is provided with for preventing that substrate from departing from limited block and the fixed head of glide direction; Described limited block is cylindrical structure; Described fixed head is provided with slotted hole; Described limited block is connected on described fixed head by connecting rod.
In order to guarantee that substrate enters the space between scraping datum level and upstream friction pulley smoothly, preferably, described workbench below is also provided with roller apparatus; Described roller apparatus and upstream friction pulley over against.
In order to realize by control module, centralized Control is carried out in responsiveness and the position of the motion portion of each device of knife mark machine, preferably, the power device of each device of scrapper conveyor all can be connected in PLC control system.If the side-to-side movement drive motors of each two-dimentional drive unit can be servo step motor with the drive motors that moves up and down, spindle motor and the drive motors of these servomotors, connection scraper are all connected on a PLC, work duration and the work opportunity of by this PLC, being controlled these servomotors, this PLC can realize the responsiveness of the motion portion of each two-dimentional drive unit and position are carried out to centralized Control.
When knife mark machine uses in actual production, in order to enhance productivity, can automatic feeder be installed in the upstream of knife mark machine, the transporting flat of automatic feeder is concordant with scraping datum level, makes sheet material automatically enter workbench, realizes automatic feeding function.Described automatic feeder can be that belt transmission mechanism, roller rod transmission mechanism or other are usually used in providing the device of Linear transmission.
The frame of knife mark machine can be welded by stainless steel square tube, also available foundry goods one-shot forming.Outer surface in frame can install combining glass additional, so that observe the duty of knife mark machine, outward appearance is more attractive in appearance.In frame, sponge puigging can be installed, thereby the noise producing while reducing the work of knife mark machine makes production environment better.
The disclosed full-automatic board knife mark of the utility model machine, the scrape depth of the unified sheet material of energy, make to process U-shaped R shape groove depth 0.3mm-0.6mm on sheet material, groove width 10-40mm, as the decorative pattern of mutual intersection, bending, random shape, three-dimensional antique hand knife mark better effects if, the Integral decoration effect of sheet material is better.The wind-force that while utilizing scraping, scraper produces, the dust while having avoided scraping sheet material causes atmosphere pollution.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of embodiment 1 mid frame;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of device for scraping in embodiment 1;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of scraper in embodiment 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of transmission mechanism in embodiment 1;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of hold down gag in embodiment 1;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of limited block in embodiment 1;
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of back-up block in embodiment 1;
Fig. 8 is the installation site schematic diagram of back-up block in embodiment 1;
Fig. 9 is the mounting structure schematic diagram of back-up block in embodiment 1;
Figure 10 is the schematic diagram at the knife mark machine back side in embodiment 1;
Figure 11 is the schematic diagram of knife mark machine face in embodiment 1;
Figure 12 is the scraper schematic diagram in embodiment 2;
Figure 13 is the side view of scraper in embodiment 2;
Figure 14 is the schematic diagram of the hold down gag in embodiment 2;
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the knife mark machine in embodiment 2;
Figure 16 is the structure for amplifying schematic diagram of embodiment 2 pay-offs;
Figure 17 is the top view of Figure 16;
Figure 18 is that the C-C of Figure 16 is to cutaway view;
Figure 19 is that the D-D of Figure 16 is to cutaway view.
Description of reference numerals: 1-frame; 2-workbench; 3-spindle motor; 4-scraper; 5-horizontal slide plate; 6-vertical slide plate; 7-unit pedestal; 8-left and right drives slowspeed machine; The upper and lower drive motors of 9-; 10-the first worm gear device; 11-transmission mechanism; 12-hold down gag; 13-guiding ruler; 14-backup plate; 15-limited block; 16-connecting rod; 17-fixed head; 18-roller apparatus; 19-back-up block; 20-pay-off; 21-scraping datum level; 22-scraping mouth; 23-crumb unloading chamber; 24-dust collection; 41-knife rest; 42-blade; 111-supporting base; 112-swing arm; 113-rubber roll; 114-cylinder; 115-the first hand-screw screw rod; 116-Hooks coupling universal coupling; 117-the second worm gear device; 118-drives total motor; 121-bracing frame; 122-pressing plate; 123-connection strap; 124-guide rail; 125-the second hand-screw screw rod; 141-roll adjustment hole; 171-slotted hole; 191-connector; 192-screw mandrel; 193-accepts plane; 201-underframe; 202-feeding conveying belt device; 203-strut rail frame; 204-sliding-rail sliding is secondary; 205-lock nut; 206-lagging; 207-elongated slot; 208-setscrew nut; 209-handle; 210-screw mandrel; 211-screw; 212-guide plate; 213-top board roll shaft
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the utility model is further described.
A kind of board knife mark machine as shown in Fig. 1-11, comprises frame 1.In frame 1, be provided with workbench 2, the upper surface of workbench 2 is scraping datum level 21.On workbench 2, be processed with 8 scraping mouths 22, be processed with 8 crumb unloading chambeies 23 below workbench 2, scraping mouth 22 and crumb unloading chamber 23 are communicated with.Crumb unloading chamber 23 is externally connected with dust collection 24.
As shown in Figure 2, device for scraping is comprised of spindle motor 3 and scraper 4, and the rotation of scraper 4 and substrate glide direction are perpendicular.Device for scraping is arranged on the moving component that two-dimentional drive unit is corresponding, and two-dimentional drive unit drives device for scraping at vertical and horizontal in-plane moving.In the present embodiment, horizontal slide plate 5 and vertical slide plate 6 are as the motion portion of two-dimentional drive unit.Horizontal slide plate 5 is connected on unit pedestal 7, by left and right, drives slowspeed machine 8 to drive.In left and right, drive under the drive of slowspeed machine 8, horizontal slide plate 5 can drive spindle motor 3, thereby drives the width of scraper 4 relative substrates to move back and forth.Vertical slide plate 6 is connected on unit pedestal 7, by upper and lower drive motors 9 and the first worm gear device 10, drives.Under the drive of upper and lower drive motors 9 and the first worm gear device 10, vertical slide plate 6 can be with moving cell pedestal 7, thereby drives the thickness direction of scraper 4 relative substrates to move back and forth.Under the compound action of horizontal slide plate 5 and vertical slide plate 6, spindle motor 3 can move together with scraper 4 in vertical two dimensional surface.For obtaining higher action accuracy, between horizontal slide plate 5 and unit pedestal 7, all adopt line slideway bearing pair to carry out motion guide between vertical slide plate 6 and the first worm gear device 10 and employing ball wire bar pair carries out transmission.
As shown in Figure 3, in the present embodiment, scraper 4 is line style cutter, and the cutting edge of scraper 4 is made circular arc, and has 4-16 wings.The cutter types such as according to the actual needs, the radian of the cutting edge of scraper can be even larger for 10mm, 25mm, 30mm, 35mm, and its profile of tooth can make helical teeth, spur type zigzag tooth.
As shown in Fig. 4,9, for driving substrate to slide on scraping datum level 21, workbench 2 is provided with 9 groups of transmission mechanisms 11.In the present embodiment, transmission mechanism 11 comprises supporting base 111, swing arm 112 and rubber roll 113.2 swing arms 112 are installed on supporting base 111, in each swing arm 112, are all connected with the rubber roll 113 that can rotate relative to swing arm.Swing arm 112 is also being provided with for controlling the cylinder 114 of swing arm 112 rotations and the first hand-screw screw rod 115 of the spacing between control rubber roll 113 and scraping datum level 21.By the first hand-screw screw rod 115, regulate the distance of rubber roll 113 and scraping datum level 21, thus the minimum spacing between restriction rubber roll 113 and scraping datum level 21.Control cylinder 114 drives swing arms 112 to rotate, realize rubber roll 113 near or away from scraping datum level 21, thereby make scraper plate function process the sheet material of various thickness.In order to guarantee the transporting velocity uniformity of transmission mechanism, guarantee the safe spacing between front-back baseboard, rubber roll 113 is connected to by Hooks coupling universal coupling 116 on the output of the second worm gear device 117, and 9 the second worm gear devices 117 link together by shaft coupling.By driving total motor 118 to drive in the lump 9 the second worm gear devices 117 to rotate, thereby drive rubber roll 113 runnings, make rubber roll 113 can drive substrate to slide on workbench 2.
As shown in Figure 1,5, hold down gag 12 is arranged between two groups of transmission mechanisms 11, and makes pressing plate 122 be positioned at the top of scraping mouth 22.Hold down gag 12 comprises bracing frame 121 and pressing plate 122.The cross section of pressing plate 122 is trapezoidal, and its upper surface is connected on connection strap 123.The both sides of bracing frame 121 are provided with guide rail 124, and connection strap 123 is connected on guide rail 124, and pressing plate 122 can be slided up and down by relative bracing frame 121.The second hand-screw screw rod 125 is connected on connection strap 123 through bracing frame 121.Turn the second hand-screw screw rod 125, thus spacing between pressing plate 122 and scraping datum level 21 regulated, realize the processing of different thickness sheet materials.
As shown in Figure 1, a side of workbench 2 is provided with guiding ruler 13, and opposite side is provided with 3 backup plates 14.The roll adjustment hole 141 that utilizes bolt to pass on backup plate 14 is fixed on workbench 2 backup plate 14.By the effect in bolt and roll adjustment hole 141, i.e. spacing between adjustable backup plate 14 and guiding ruler 13, thus guaranteed the sheet material of scraper plate function processing different in width.
As shown in Figure 6, the head end in workbench 2 upstreams is provided with the limited block 15 that is cylindrical structure.Limited block 15 links together by connecting rod 16 and fixed head 17.Fixed head 17 is provided with slotted hole 171, utilizes bolt to pass slotted hole 171 fixed head 17 is connected on workbench 2.When the line of travel that enters workbench 2 when substrate has minor shifts, substrate will touch limited block 15, and under the effect of limited block 15, substrate will be revised sliding trajectory, enter the workbench 2 of knife mark machine.
As shown in Figure 1, in the upstream of workbench 2, roller bar device 18 is installed.Roller bar device 18 is arranged on the below of workbench 2, and corresponding with the installation site of the first rubber roll 113 of workbench 2 upstreams, rotation direction is contrary with the rotation direction of rubber roll 113.Roller bar device 18 is connected to the second worm gear device 117 and exists, and by spindle motor, is driven in the lump.
Because the opening length of scraping mouth is constant, for guaranteeing the wider plate of processing, its opening length is also long.In this case, if while producing the narrow plate of width with this machine, plate its end face in through scraping mouth likely can partly fall into scraping mouth and be stuck.For avoiding the generation of this situation, as Figure 7-9, in each crumb unloading chamber 23, be equipped with back-up block 19.Back-up block 19 is connected on connector 191, by screw mandrel 192, drives, and can move back and forth along the width of substrate.The top of back-up block 19 is stretched in scraping mouth 22, and the upper surface of back-up block 19 is for accepting plane 193, and it is concordant with scraping datum level 21 that this accepts plane 193.When substrate is during by scraping mouth 22, by pressing plate 122, be pressed on workbench 2, now, under the effect of back-up block 19, can effectively prevent from snapping in scraping mouth 22 due to the uneven substrate that causes of substrate surface.
Start spindle motor 3 and drive total motor 118, and according to the technological requirement of processing, the relative distance of utilizing left and right to drive slowspeed machine 8 and upper and lower drive motors 9 to adjust between each scraper 4 and scraping datum level 21.By outside conveyor, substrate is delivered to the porch of workbench 2, under the drive of rubber roll 113 and roller bar device 18, substrate enters workbench 2 and slides between guiding ruler 13 and backup plate 14.When substrate process pressing plate 122, pressing plate 122 is pressed on substrate on scraping datum level 21, now, the processing datum of substrate is the lower surface of substrate, and the scraper 4 that is positioned at scraping datum level 21 belows starts scraping substrates and in left and right, drives width and the thickness direction along plate under the drive of slowspeed machine 8 and upper and lower drive motors 9 to move back and forth.With metacoxal plate, will slide through next group rubber roll 113 and towards next pressing plate 122.By after all hold down gag 12 and scraper 4, by substrate surface being carried out to the upper and lower shaped form reciprocating motion type of left and right S shape in scraping process, cut, can make plate surface produce the graceful U-shaped wire casing of nature, reach antique effect.
Side-to-side movement drive motors, the drive motors that moves up and down, spindle motor and drive motors are all connected in PLC control system, by this PLC, controlled work duration and work opportunity of these motors, thereby realize, the responsiveness of the motion portion of each two-dimentional drive unit and position are carried out to centralized Control, enhance productivity.
In the process of processing, the break flour that scraping sheet material produces, due to stopping of sheet material self, break flour will drop in crumb unloading chamber 23, and the air-flow producing during by scraper 4 High Rotation Speed takes dust collection 24 to.After 8 dust collections, 24 use pipelines are linked together, can collect the break flour that scraping sheet material produces, avoid environmental pollution.
The disclosed full-automatic board knife mark of the utility model machine, can unify the scrape depth of sheet material, makes the three-dimensional antique hand knife mark better effects if that processes on sheet material, and the Integral decoration effect of sheet material is better.The wind-force that while utilizing scraping, scraper produces, the dust while having avoided scraping sheet material causes atmosphere pollution.
As shown in Figure 12,13, the scraper 4 of the present embodiment 2 comprises knife rest 41 and is installed in the some groups of blades 42 on knife rest.Knife rest 41 is column structure, and the cutting edge of 42 blades is parallel with the axis of knife rest 41.Along the axis direction of knife rest 41, installing of every group of blade 42 is preset with certain side-play amount between position, thereby blade 42 is interspersed in the direction of the axis of knife rest 41.Air drag when such structure had both alleviated scraper High Rotation Speed, destroys the smooth of plate surface in the time of avoiding again scraper to touch the scar knot on sheet material.
As shown in figure 14, the hold down gag of the present embodiment 2, is connected with adjusting cylinders 126 on pressing plate 122, by regulating gas bar 126 to regulate the spacing of pressing plate 122 and scraping datum level 21.
As shown in figure 15, the knife mark machine of the present embodiment 2 also comprises pay-off 20.As shown in Figure 15 to Figure 19, pay-off 20 comprises underframe 201, is provided with the feeding conveying belt device 202 as feeding transmitting device on underframe 201.Above feeding conveying belt device 202, be provided with strut rail frame 203, strut rail frame 203 is installed together with underframe 201 by sliding-rail sliding secondary 204, underframe 201 moving linearlies relatively, strut rail frame 203 is by its position of lock nut 205 lockables, to adapt to the plate that length is different.Lagging 206 is installed on strut rail frame 203, and the bottom of lagging 206 tilts to the feed direction of feeding conveying belt device 202.The both sides of lagging 206 be equipped with up and down towards elongated slot 207, on the relevant position of strut rail frame 203, be provided with setscrew nut 208, by coordinating of elongated slot 207 and setscrew nut 208, the relative strut rail frame 203 of lagging 206 is adjustable up and down.For convenience of lifting lagging 206, the present embodiment 2 is provided with one with the screw mandrel 210 of handle 209 on strut rail frame 203, is fixed with the screw 211 matching with screw mandrel 210 on lagging 206, can light lifting lagging 206 by turning handle 209.On lagging 206, be also provided with two sides guide plate 212.A side at strut rail frame 203 is provided with the top board roll shaft 213 for a crown of plate to be processed is risen.
According to locking strut rail frame 203 after the distance between the good lagging 206 of the length adjustment of plate and top board roll shaft 213, make one of plate by top board roll shaft 213 jack-up, the below of lagging 206 is dropped in other end.Adjust the upper-lower position of lagging 206 and make lagging 206 and the conveyer belt of feeding conveying belt device 202 between space and the thickness of plate adapt, only allow a slice plate to pass through from lagging 206 belows at every turn.So the plate of many top board roll shaft 213 place sides that are stacked in lagging 206, through after lagging 206, will be admitted to knife mark machine in an orderly manner, can reduce the requirement of artificial feeding.
What this description was enumerated is only better embodiment of the present utility model, and all equivalent technologies conversion of doing under operation principle of the present utility model and thinking, are all considered as protection domain of the present utility model.