CN203952359U - A kind of solar energy glass greenhouse type vegetable-fruit drying device - Google Patents

A kind of solar energy glass greenhouse type vegetable-fruit drying device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203952359U
CN203952359U CN201420061973.1U CN201420061973U CN203952359U CN 203952359 U CN203952359 U CN 203952359U CN 201420061973 U CN201420061973 U CN 201420061973U CN 203952359 U CN203952359 U CN 203952359U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drying box
water
solar
air
pipe
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420061973.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
袁越锦
赵哲
徐英英
张艳华
曹博涛
宋庆伟
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Shaanxi University of Science and Technology
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Shaanxi University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201420061973.1U priority Critical patent/CN203952359U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/85Food storage or conservation, e.g. cooling or drying

Abstract

The disclosed a kind of solar energy glass greenhouse type vegetable-fruit drying device of the utility model, comprises the air preheater, air collector, drying box, large water tank, the solar water heater that connect successively.The utility model solar energy glass greenhouse type vegetable-fruit drying device, the tank wall of drying box selects vacuum glass can maximally utilise solar radiant energy, make top layer material directly absorb solar radiant energy, changed in general dry run top layer material in low temperature, the dry situation of high humidity; On exhaust duct, be provided with air draft control valve, can control exhaust air rate; Air-introduced machine, hot blast auxiliary heater, air collector and volume control damper are installed on the pipeline that blast pipe is connected with drying box successively, can control intake and hot blast temperature; On high temperature water inlet pipe, be provided with to hot water control valve, can control the flow of hot water; Adopt air preheater to reclaim the waste heat in used heat wind, improved capacity usage ratio.

Description

A kind of solar energy glass greenhouse type vegetable-fruit drying device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to fruit and vegetable dryness processing technique field, is specifically related to a kind of solar energy glass greenhouse type vegetable-fruit drying device.
Background technology
China Shi Yige large agricultural country, dry work is a necessary link in agricultural byproducts processing process, and it is huge to consume energy.The fruit and vegetable food having gathered in being tanned by the sun under the sun and dehydrate or adopt coal, charcoal etc. to smoke to preserve for a long time indoor, is the drying means that China continues to use for a long time.Naturally it is long to ted arid cycle, is subject to worm ant, fly, smoke contamination and rainwater invasion and attack, affect product quality or causes to go rotten and go bad; Adopt the method for coal, the indoor oven dry of charcoal, can waste in a large number conventional energy resource, to environment, also can pollute, and it is higher to smoke sulfur-bearing, the phosphorus amount of product, the requirement that does not reach environmental protection food.Solar energy drying, as the dry technology of the emerging clean environmental protection of a kind of efficient energy-saving, can make full use of solar radiant energy, can save in a large number conventional energy resource, remarkable in economical benefits; Adopt solar drying apparatus, product is carried out to drying operation, there is short, drying efficiency advantages of higher arid cycle.China's various places solar energy resources is abundant, makes full use of solar energy for improving China's level of agricultural production, saves the energy and protection of the environment and has very profound significance.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of solar energy glass greenhouse type vegetable-fruit drying device, has solved the problem that existing fruits and vegetables traditional drying quality is low, efficiency is low and energy consumption is high.
The technical scheme that the utility model adopts is that a kind of solar energy glass greenhouse type vegetable-fruit drying device, comprises the air preheater, air collector, drying box, large water tank, the solar water heater that connect successively.
Feature of the present utility model is also,
Drying box outside wherein consists of aluminium alloy frame and vacuum glass, in drying box, there is small handcart, heat(ing) coil is installed on small handcart, on every layer of heat(ing) coil, put material disc, drying box top has moisture exhausting port, moisture exhausting port place is provided with a wet-emitting blower, and drying box moisture exhausting port is externally connected with exhaust duct, and air draft control valve is installed on exhaust duct; Exhaust duct is connected with the hot fluid import of air preheater; The cold fluid outlet of air preheater is connected with the hot blast import of drying box through blast pipe; In drying box bottom surface, be provided with the homogenating plate being connected with blast pipe, air-introduced machine, hot blast auxiliary heater, air collector and volume control damper are installed on the pipeline that blast pipe is connected with drying box successively.
Solar water heater wherein comprises solar water container, and solar water container is fixed on solar energy bearing top and is connected with solar vacuum hot water pipe upper end, and solar vacuum hot water pipe and ground are 25~45 ° of angles, and an electric heater is housed in solar water container;
Solar water heater is connected with large water tank top by filling pipe, and moisturizing control valve and a water pump is installed on filling pipe; Solar water container bottom side is connected with the heat(ing) coil in drying box by a high temperature water inlet pipe, is provided with one to hot water control valve on high temperature water inlet pipe; The cold water outlet of heat(ing) coil is connected with water pump by low temperature return pipe, and water pump is connected with large water tank top side portion by low temperature return pipe.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are, the tank wall of drying box selects vacuum glass can maximally utilise solar radiant energy, make top layer material directly absorb solar radiant energy, changed in general dry run top layer material in low temperature, the dry situation of high humidity; On exhaust duct, be provided with air draft control valve, can control exhaust air rate; Air-introduced machine, hot blast auxiliary heater, air collector and volume control damper are installed on the pipeline that blast pipe is connected with drying box successively, can control intake and hot blast temperature; On high temperature water inlet pipe, be provided with to hot water control valve, can control the flow of hot water; Adopt air preheater to reclaim the waste heat in used heat wind, improved capacity usage ratio.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of the utility model solar energy glass greenhouse type vegetable-fruit drying device;
Fig. 2 is the plan structure schematic diagram of the utility model solar energy glass greenhouse type vegetable-fruit drying device;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation in the utility model solar energy glass greenhouse type vegetable-fruit drying device drying box.
In figure, 1. air preheater, 2. exhaust duct, 3. air draft control valve, 4. wet-emitting blower, 5. high temperature water inlet pipe, 6. give hot water control valve, 7. electric heater, 8. solar vacuum hot water pipe, 9. solar energy bearing, 10. moisturizing control valve, 11. filling pipes, 12. solar water containers, 13. large water tanks, 14. water pumps, 15. low temperature return pipes, 16. water-returning control valves, 17. drying boxes, 18. volume control dampers, 19. air collectors, 20. air-introduced machines, 21. hot blast auxiliary heaters, 22. blast pipes, 23. solar water heaters, 24. aluminium alloy frames, 25. vacuum glass, 26. homogenating plates, 27. heat(ing) coils, 28. small handcarts, 29. material discs.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is elaborated.
The structure of the utility model solar energy glass greenhouse type vegetable-fruit drying device, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, comprises the air preheater 1, air collector 19, drying box 17, large water tank 13, the solar water heater 23 that connect successively.
As shown in Figure 3, drying box 17 outsides consist of aluminium alloy frame 24 and vacuum glass 25, inside there is small handcart 28, heat(ing) coil 27 is installed, material and material disc 29 have been put in heat(ing) coil 27 tops, drying box 17 tops have moisture exhausting port, and moisture exhausting port place is provided with a wet-emitting blower 4, and drying box 17 bottom face are provided with homogenating plate 26; Drying box 17 moisture exhausting ports are externally connected with exhaust duct 2, and air draft control valve 3 is installed on exhaust duct 2; When in daytime in order to make full use of the waste heat of discharging in hot blast, exhaust duct 2 does not directly communicate with ambient air, but be connected with the hot fluid import of air preheater 1, the hot fluid outlet of air preheater 1 is the exhaust outlet of this equipment, the cold fluid import of air preheater 1 is the air inlet of this equipment, communicates with ambient air; The cold fluid outlet of air preheater 1 is connected with the hot blast import of drying box 17 through blast pipe 22; In drying box 17 bottom surfaces, be provided with the homogenating plate 26 being connected with blast pipe 22, air-introduced machine 20, hot blast auxiliary heater 21, air collector 19 and volume control damper 18 are installed on the pipeline that blast pipe 22 is connected with drying box 17 successively; It is mainly to consider the needs that improve hot blast temperature that hot blast auxiliary heater 21 is installed.
Solar water heater 23 comprises solar water container 12, solar vacuum hot water pipe 8, solar energy bearing 9 etc.; Solar water container 12 is fixed on solar energy bearing 9 tops and is connected with solar vacuum hot water pipe 8 upper ends, and solar vacuum hot water pipe 8 is 25~45 ° of angles with ground; Consider that overcast and rainy this equipment can proceed to be dried, an electric heater 7 is housed in solar water container 12; Solar water heater 23 is connected with large water tank 13 tops by filling pipe 11, and a moisturizing control valve 10 and water pump 14 are installed on filling pipe 11; Solar water container 12 bottom side are connected with the heat(ing) coil 27 in drying box 17 by a high temperature water inlet pipe 5, are provided with one to hot water control valve 6 on high temperature water inlet pipe 5; The other end of heat(ing) coil 27 is that cold water outlet is connected with water pump 14 by low temperature return pipe 15, and water pump 14 is connected with large water tank 13 top side portion by low temperature return pipe 15.
The utility model is when carrying out fruit and vegetable dryness, and its drying means is as follows: the fruit vegetable materials that will be dried packs in drying box 17.During daytime, sunny, open air draft control valve 3, open air-introduced machine 20 and wet-emitting blower 4, close to hot water control valve 6, ambient, cool air enters air preheater 1 from air inlet, first, by the used heat wind institute preheating of row's self-desiccation case 17, then by air-introduced machine 20, be pressed into air collector 19, heat therein, finally enter in drying box 17, after the even wind of homogenating plate 26, fruits and vegetables are carried out to heated-air drying; Meanwhile, the drying box 17 of being made by vacuum glass 25 is equivalent to a greenhouse, also carries out the absorption of heat; Dried used heat wind removes preheating cold air in wet-emitting blower 4 suction air preheaters 1.During evening, illumination is not enough, open to hot water control valve 6, the hot water heating by day in solar water container 12 is sent into the heat(ing) coil 27 in drying box 17 by high temperature water inlet pipe 5, heat(ing) coil 27 discharges the heat of hot water to hot blast and material and is dried, hot water temperature after releasing heat reduces and becomes cold water from the other end outflow of heat(ing) coil 27, by water pump 14 suction, flow back to large water tank 13 and be recovered, the water in large water tank 13 will heat in by water pump 14 suction solar water containers 12 at second day.During the cloudy day, the water in 7 pairs of solar water containers 12 of opening electric heater heats.Equipment in the course of the work, if drying box 17 inner drying excess Temperatures will be turned down to hot water control valve 6 or volume control damper 18, otherwise transfer large.If hot blast temperature is inadequate, can opens hot blast auxiliary heater 21 and heat.

Claims (1)

1. a solar energy glass greenhouse type vegetable-fruit drying device, is characterized in that, comprises the air preheater (1), air collector (19), drying box (17), large water tank (13), the solar water heater (23) that connect successively;
Described drying box (17) is outside to be consisted of aluminium alloy frame (24) and vacuum glass (25), in drying box (17), there is small handcart (28), heat(ing) coil (27) is installed on small handcart (28), on every layer of heat(ing) coil (27), put material disc (29), drying box (17) top has moisture exhausting port, moisture exhausting port place is provided with a wet-emitting blower (4), drying box (17) moisture exhausting port is externally connected with exhaust duct (2), and air draft control valve (3) is installed on exhaust duct (2); Exhaust duct (2) is connected with the hot fluid import of air preheater (1); The cold fluid outlet of air preheater (1) is connected with the hot blast import of drying box (17) through blast pipe (22); In drying box (17) bottom surface, be provided with the homogenating plate (26) being connected with blast pipe (22), air-introduced machine (20), hot blast auxiliary heater (21), air collector (19) and volume control damper (18) are installed on the pipeline that blast pipe (22) is connected with drying box (17) successively;
Described solar water heater (23) comprises solar water container (12), solar water container (12) is fixed on solar energy bearing (9) top and is connected with solar vacuum hot water pipe (8) upper end, solar vacuum hot water pipe (8) is 25~45 ° of angles with ground, and an electric heater (7) is housed in described solar water container (12);
Solar water heater (23) is connected with large water tank (13) top by filling pipe (11), and a moisturizing control valve (10) and water pump (14) are installed on filling pipe (11); Described solar water container (12) bottom side is connected with the heat(ing) coil (27) in drying box (17) by a high temperature water inlet pipe (5), is provided with one to hot water control valve (6) on high temperature water inlet pipe (5); The cold water outlet of heat(ing) coil (27) is connected with water pump (14) by low temperature return pipe (15), and water pump (14) is connected with large water tank (13) top side portion by low temperature return pipe (15).
CN201420061973.1U 2014-02-11 2014-02-11 A kind of solar energy glass greenhouse type vegetable-fruit drying device Expired - Fee Related CN203952359U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420061973.1U CN203952359U (en) 2014-02-11 2014-02-11 A kind of solar energy glass greenhouse type vegetable-fruit drying device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420061973.1U CN203952359U (en) 2014-02-11 2014-02-11 A kind of solar energy glass greenhouse type vegetable-fruit drying device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203952359U true CN203952359U (en) 2014-11-26

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107980883A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-05-04 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Marine product drying system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107980883A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-05-04 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Marine product drying system
CN107980883B (en) * 2017-11-16 2021-01-05 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Marine product drying system

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141126

Termination date: 20160211