CN203925571U - Novel mine compressed air self-rescue device - Google Patents

Novel mine compressed air self-rescue device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203925571U
CN203925571U CN 201420221995 CN201420221995U CN203925571U CN 203925571 U CN203925571 U CN 203925571U CN 201420221995 CN201420221995 CN 201420221995 CN 201420221995 U CN201420221995 U CN 201420221995U CN 203925571 U CN203925571 U CN 203925571U
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air
gas
self
connected
box
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CN 201420221995
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Chinese (zh)
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陆永华
陆永燕
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盐城市利鑫矿山器材有限公司
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Priority to CN 201420221995 priority Critical patent/CN203925571U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a novel mine compressed air self-rescue device which comprises a box body and an air connecting pipe penetrating through one side of the box body. The air connecting pipe is sequentially connected with an air filter device, a pressure reducing regulator and an air supply header pipeline. A plurality of breathing devices are connected to the air supply header pipeline in parallel, and each breathing device comprises a manual flow adjusting valve, a spiral air conveying guide pipe and a breathing mask, wherein the manual flow adjusting valve, the spiral air conveying guide pipe and the breathing mask are arranged on the air supply header pipeline. The lower end of the pressure reducing regulator is provided with an air-liquid separator, the lower end of the air-liquid separator is provided with a drainage device, one side of the box body is connected with a box cover through a hinge, reflecting marks are pasted on the surface on the periphery of the box cover, a pressure gauge is arranged on the pressure reducing regulator, and a three-level silencer, an illuminating lamp and a communication device are arranged inside the box body. The novel mine compressed air self-rescue device can independently adjust flow according to airflow consumption of each wearer, reduces airflow consumption, can filter air and eliminate noise, is resistant to corrosion and easy to recognize, meanwhile can be communicated with the outer world, and ensures the safety of workers.

Description

一种新型矿井压风自救装置 A novel self apparatus mine air pressure

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及一种用于矿井下的自救装置,具体的说是一种新型矿井压风自救装置,属于矿用设备技术领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to a self-rescue device for the mine, specifically a new type of mine air pressure self apparatus belongs to the technical field of mining equipment.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前矿山开发过程中,井下事故时有发生,人员伤亡事件也屡见不鲜,根据有关部门经过调查研究,多数情况下,人员伤亡并非事故发生当时立即死亡的,而是事故发生之后,伤者无法得到及时救助而导致死亡。 [0002] the current mine development, underground when the accident had occurred, casualty incidents are not uncommon, according to authorities after investigation, in most cases, casualties are not immediately death was an accident, but after the accident, the injured You can not receive timely assistance and death. 压风自救装置是一种隔离式呼吸保护装置,主要用于煤矿作业时发生有毒气体突出时,现场工作人员来不及撤离,就近戴上隔离呼吸面罩进行自救,在保证正常呼吸不受毒气伤害的前提下等待救援。 Wind pressure self-help device is an isolated respiratory protection when toxic gas outburst when mainly used for mine operations, staff too late to evacuate, the nearest to wear breathing masks isolation to help themselves, to ensure normal breathing is not gassed premise waiting for rescue. 目前已有的压风自救装置包括有口袋式和面罩式,其中采用口袋式的装置虽然能满足人员救生条件,但工人头部伸进压风自救装置内遮挡视线,不能了解周围的环境变化,从而产生焦虑情绪,影响自救效果,所以口袋式的装置利用较少。 At present, the air pressure means comprises a self-mask and pocket, wherein the pocket means employed although rescue personnel to meet the conditions, but the workers head extends into air pressure inside the device self block line of sight, can not understand the changes in the environment surrounding, thereby producing anxiety, affect the self effect, it means there is less utilization of the pocket. 面罩式的压风自救装置,包括有进气管、调压阀、出气管和面罩组成,将供气控制装置整合在一个箱体内,箱体内的供风管与矿井压风自救系统相连,在箱体内供风管上安装阀门、调节阀、压力表和呼吸面具,当出现危险情况时,避灾人员拉开箱体门,打开供气阀,戴上呼吸面罩,呼吸压缩空气。 Self-help mask-style air pressure means, comprising an intake pipe, the pressure regulating valve, and the outlet pipe composed of a mask, the air supply control means integrated in a housing, connected to the air supply pipe and cabinets mine air pressure self-help system, in box the supply duct is mounted within the valve, regulating valve, pressure gauge and a breathing mask, when the dangerous situation, escape art opened cabinet door, for opening the valve, wear breathing mask, breathing air. 该面罩式的压风自救系统虽然能够起到隔离呼吸保护的作用,但仍然存在如下一些问题:1.面罩式压风装置的箱体材料易损坏和腐蚀;2.箱体中缺乏与外界通信的设备以及自救装置的箱体上缺乏醒目的反光标识,从而保证被困人员能最快的找到自救装置;3.无法指示每位佩戴者的实际消耗流量,导致空气的浪费;4.流量调节装置不够简单,不能根据每位佩带者的实际需要进行单独流量调节。 Although the mask-style air pressure system can function as self-help isolate respiratory protection, but there are still some problems as follows: 1-mask pressure air means and casing materials vulnerable to corrosion; lack of housing 2 in communication with the outside world. equipment and lack of self-rescue device striking reflective logo on the housing, can be trapped to ensure self-help find the fastest means; 3 not indicative of the actual consumption for each flow of a wearer, resulting in a waste of air; 4 flow regulator It means not simple and can not be individually adjusted according to the actual traffic needs of each wearer.

实用新型内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本实用新型所要解决的技术问题是,克服现有技术的缺点,提供一种新型矿井压风自救装置,该装置能根据每位佩戴者的气流消耗量单独调节流量,减少气流消耗量,能将空气过滤并消除噪声,耐腐蚀且容易辨识,同时,该装置能与外面联系,保证了作业人员的安全性。 [0003] The present invention is to solve the technical problem, overcoming the disadvantages of the prior art, to provide a novel self mine air pressure device which can be adjusted according to the flow stream consumption of each individual wearer, reduce airflow consumption , filtered, and air can eliminate noise, corrosion resistance and easily identifiable, while the device can contact with the outside, to ensure the safety of the worker.

[0004] 为了解决以上技术问题,本实用新型提供一种新型矿井压风自救装置,包括箱体,贯穿箱体一侧的气体连接管,气体连接管的出口顺次连接空气过滤装置、减压调节器,减压调节器的出口连接有一供气总管道,供气总管道上并行连接有若干套呼吸装置,呼吸装置包括设置在供气总管道上的手动流量调节阀、与手动流量调节阀连接的螺旋输气导管以及与螺旋输气导管末端连接的呼气面罩,其中:减压调节器的下端还设有气液分离器,气液分离器的下端设有排水装置;箱体为塑料箱体,且箱体四周的一侧如箱体的正前侧通过合页连接有箱盖,箱盖的四周表面贴有反光标识;减压调节器上还设有压力表;箱体内还设有三级消音器、照明灯以及通讯装置。 [0004] In order to solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides a novel self mine air pressure means comprises a housing, the housing side is connected through a gas pipe connecting the gas outlet pipe connecting the air filtering device sequentially under reduced pressure outlet regulator, pressure reducing regulator is connected to a supply mains, gas mains are connected in parallel with a plurality of track sets of breathing apparatus, the breathing apparatus includes a manual flow control valve in the supply main track, the manual flow regulating valve and a gas delivery conduit connecting the coil mask exhalation gas delivery conduit is connected to the end of the coil, wherein: the lower end of the pressure regulator is further provided with a gas-liquid separator, gas-liquid separator is provided with a lower drain; plastic box side of the housing, and the housing around the front side of the box as the positive connection with a cover by a hinge, surrounded by the cover surface with reflective identifier; reduced pressure regulator also has a pressure gauge; cabinets further provided there are three muffler, lights and communication devices.

[0005] 三级消音器和照明灯能消除在灾难环境下避灾人员的心理恐慌有利于救援工作的顺利进行。 [0005] three muffler and lighting can eliminate the psychological fear smoothly in disaster prevention personnel at disaster environment conducive to the rescue work.

[0006] 本实用新型进一步限定的技术方案是: [0006] The present invention is further defined technical solution:

[0007] 前述矿井压风自救装置中,气体连接管连接箱体外的外管系统。 [0007] the self apparatus mine air pressure, the gas pipe system connected to the outer casing of the outer connection pipe.

[0008] 前述矿井压风自救装置中,螺旋输气导管与呼吸面罩之间通过螺帽活动连接。 [0008] the self apparatus mine air pressure, between the spiral gas delivery conduit and the breathing mask via the nut activity.

[0009] 前述矿井压风自救装置中,呼吸装置设有六套。 [0009] the mine air pressure self-rescue device, the breathing device is provided with six sets.

[0010] 前述矿井压风自救装置中,通讯装置为防爆电话,设置防爆电话方便该装置能及时与外面联系,保证作业人员的安全性。 [0010] the mine air pressure self-rescue device, the communication device is a telephone explosion, an explosion-proof telephone apparatus to facilitate the timely contact with the outside, to ensure the safety of the worker.

[0011] 本实用新型的有益效果是: [0011] The beneficial effects of the present invention are:

[0012] 本实用新型采用塑料箱体,能在矿井恶劣的环境下耐腐蚀,延长本实用新型的使用寿命,减少成本,同时箱盖的四周还贴有反光标识方便避灾人员快速的找到,保证避灾人员的安全性得到保障; [0012] The present invention uses a plastic casing, can corrosion in harsh mine environment, the present invention extend the life and reduce costs, while four weeks with reflective cover further facilitate identification Escaping quickly find, Escaping to ensure the safety of personnel is guaranteed;

[0013] 本实用新型采用气液分离器将进来的气体的中的液体排出,增加气体的纯度,保证人员的生命安全,同时在气体接入时采用空气过滤装置对气体进行过滤进一步确保避灾人员的生命安全; [0013] The present invention uses a liquid-liquid separator the incoming gas is discharged, increase the purity of the gas, to ensure the safety of personnel, while the gas is filtered in the air filtering device using the gas to ensure access further Escaping the safety of personnel;

[0014] 本实用新型设置了空气过滤装置和减压调节器,将气体进行过滤保证避灾人员得到纯净的气体,且将气体通过减压调节器调节到适合的压力供使用,并通过手动流量调节阀根据自身的需要单独控制流量已达到最佳舒适度; [0014] The present invention is provided an air filter and pressure regulator means, ensure that the gas is filtered to give pure art Escaping gas, and the gas through the pressure regulator is adjusted to a pressure suitable for use, and the flow rate manually the regulating valve itself requires a separate flow control has reached maximum comfort;

[0015] 本实用新型中使用螺旋输气导管协调强,避灾人员能站立或蹲下等姿势使用该装置; [0015] In the present invention use a strong coordination spiral gas delivery conduit, escape person standing or crouching posture such can use the device;

[0016] 本实用新型中的箱盖设置在箱体四周的一侧,避免发生灾难时重物的挤压而使箱盖打不开,影响该装置的正常使用,导致避灾人员得不到及时的自救; [0016] The present invention is provided on one side of the cover of the box around to avoid squeezing the occurrence of a disaster cover open weight, affect the normal use of the device, resulting in lack of disaster prevention officers timely self-help;

[0017] 本实用新型能根据每位佩戴者的气流消耗量单独调节流量,减少气流消耗量,能将空气过滤并消除噪声,耐腐蚀且容易辨识,同时,该装置能与外面联系,保证了作业人员的安全性,同时,该装置能连接到外接管道地面泵房供气,具有恒定的送风量、手动稳定调压装置,还有积水排水等功能,使用方便、快捷。 [0017] The present invention can be individually adjusted in accordance with the consumption of gas stream flow rate to each wearer, reducing the consumption of gas flow, and the air can be filtered to eliminate noise, corrosion resistance and easily identifiable, while the device can contact with the outside, to ensure that the worker safety, while the apparatus can be connected to an external supply pump house floor duct has a constant air volume, stable manual pressure adjustment means, as well as water drainage, easy to use and fast.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0018] 图1为本实用新型实施例的结构示意图; [0018] FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the invention;

[0019] 图2为本实用新型箱体的结构示意图。 [0019] The structure of the present invention FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the casing.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0020] 实施例1 [0020] Example 1

[0021] 本实施例提供的一种新型矿井压风自救装置,结构如图1和2所示,包括箱体1,贯穿箱体I 一侧的气体连接管2,气体连接管2的出口顺次连接空气过滤装置3、减压调节器4,减压调节器4的出口连接有一供气总管道5,供气总管道5上并行连接有六套呼吸装置,呼吸装置包括设置在供气总管道5上的手动流量调节阀6、与手动流量调节阀6连接的螺旋输气导管7以及与螺旋输气导管7末端连接的呼气面罩8,其中: [0021] present a new type of mine air pressure self-rescue device according to an embodiment, the structure shown in FIG. 1 and 2, comprises a housing 1, through the gas side connecting pipe casing I 2, connecting the gas outlet tube 2 cis secondary air filtering device 3 is connected, pressure regulator 4, the total gas pressure regulator outlet 4 is connected to a supply main pipe 5, there are six sets of breathing apparatus is connected in parallel on the supply main duct 5, the breathing apparatus comprises manual flow control valve 5 on the pipe 6, the spiral gas delivery mask exhalation valve 6 is connected to the conduit 7 and the gas delivery conduit 7 and the coil end connected to the manual flow regulator 8, wherein:

[0022] 减压调节器4的下端还设有气液分离器9,气液分离器9的下端设有排水装置10 ; [0022] The pressure regulator 4 is further provided with a lower end of the gas-liquid separator 9, the lower end of the gas-liquid separator 9 is provided with a drain device 10;

[0023] 箱体I为塑料箱体且箱体I的一侧通过合页11还连接有箱盖12,箱盖12的四周表面贴有反光标识13 ;减压调节器4上还设有压力表14 ;箱体I内还设有三级消音器15、照明灯16以及防爆电话17。 [0023] Case I and Case I is a plastic box is also connected through the side cover 12 with a hinge 11, the peripheral surfaces 12 of the cover 13 with reflective logo; pressure regulator 4 is also provided with a pressure table 14; I is also provided with three inner box muffler 15, the lamp 16 and the proof phone 17.

[0024] 在本实施例中,气体连接管2连接箱体外的外管系统。 [0024] In the present embodiment, the gas connection pipe system 2 connected to the outer tube of the outer box.

[0025] 在本实施例中,螺旋输气导管7与呼吸面罩8之间通过螺帽活动连接。 [0025] In the present embodiment, the helical gas delivery conduit 7 and the breathing mask 8 are connected by the nut between the activities.

[0026] 在发生灾难时,避灾人员通过身上手电筒的照射以及箱盖12上反光标识13的反光性迅速找到该自救装置,打开箱盖12,及时用箱体I内的防爆电话17联系救助人员,同时打开箱体I内的照明灯16,此时,该装置中的减压调节器4、空气过滤装置3、气液分离器9处于调节好的状态,手动流量调节阀6处于关闭状态,避灾人员套上呼吸面罩8,根据自己所需的空气流量来调节手动流量调节阀6,使自己呼吸顺畅,在该整治运行过程中,适时开启气液分离器9下的排水装置10,排出水分。 [0026] In the event of a disaster, escape art by irradiating flashlight body 12 and the cover 13 is reflective logo reflective quickly find the self-rescue device, open the lid 12, the timely proof telephone box I 17 Assistance Information personnel, turn on the lights in box I 16, at this time, the pressure regulator device 4, the air filter device 3, a gas-liquid separator 9 in a conditioned state, manual flow control valve 6 is in a closed state , escape breathing mask put on 8 persons, according to their own needs to adjust the air flow manual flow regulating valve 6, so that their breathe, improvement in the process is running, the timely opening the drain means 9 in the gas-liquid separator 10, discharge of water.

[0027] 本实用新型中的呼吸面罩应保持干净、卫生,该自救装置应进行定期开箱检查,保证其能正常使用,使用本实用新型中的装置使用方便且由避灾人员单独控制气体的流量,避免资源的浪费的同时保证了舒适度。 [0027] The present invention is a respiratory mask should be kept clean and sanitary, the box self-rescue device should be regularly checked to ensure its normal use, the present invention is easy to use and to use the device by a controlled gas alone art Escaping flow, to avoid waste of resources while ensuring comfort.

[0028] 除上述实施例外,本实用新型还可以有其他实施方式。 [0028] In addition to the above-described embodiment exceptions, the present invention also have other embodiments. 凡采用等同替换或等效变换形成的技术方案,均落在本实用新型要求的保护范围。 Where substitutions or equivalent transformed using equivalent technical solutions formed, all fall scope of claims of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1.一种新型矿井压风自救装置,其特征在于:包括箱体(1),贯穿箱体(I) 一侧的气体连接管(2),所述气体连接管(2)的出口顺次连接空气过滤装置(3)、减压调节器(4),所述减压调节器(4)的出口连接有一供气总管道(5),所述供气总管道(5)上并行连接有若干套呼吸装置,所述的呼吸装置包括设置在供气总管道(5)上的手动流量调节阀(6)、与手动流量调节阀(6)连接的螺旋输气导管(7)以及与螺旋输气导管(7)末端连接的呼气面罩(8),其中: 所述减压调节器(4)的下端还设有气液分离器(9),所述气液分离器(9)的下端设有排水装置(10); 所述的箱体(I)为塑料箱体,且箱体(I)的一侧通过合页(11)连接有箱盖(12 ),所述箱盖(12)的四周表面贴有反光标识(13);所述减压调节器(4)上还设有压力表(14);所述的箱体(I)内还设有三级消音器(15)、照明灯(16)以及通讯装置。 A new mine air pressure self-help apparatus comprising: a housing (1), through the housing (I) on the gas side connecting pipe (2), the gas connecting pipe (2) sequentially outlet air filtration means connected to the outlet (3), pressure regulator (4), said pressure regulator (4) is connected to a supply main pipe (5), the total air supply duct (5) connected in parallel with a spiral gas delivery conduit (7) a plurality of sets of breathing apparatus, the breathing apparatus includes a manual flow in the supply main duct (5) of the regulating valve (6), with manual flow regulating valve (6) and connected to the helical gas delivery duct (7) exhalation mask (8) terminus, wherein: a lower end of the pressure regulator (4) is further provided with a gas-liquid separator (9), the gas-liquid separator (9) the lower end is provided with drainage means (10); said box (I) is a plastic box, and the box side (I) is connected to a cover (12) by a hinge (11), said cover ( 12 four weeks) with reflective surfaces identification (13); further provided with a pressure gauge (14) on the actuator (4); said box (I) is also provided with three muffler (15 ), the lamp (16) and a communication device.
2.根据权利要求1所述的新型矿井压风自救装置,其特征在于:所述的气体连接管(2)连接箱体外的外管系统。 2. New mine air pressure of the self-rescue device according to claim 1, wherein: said gas connecting pipe (2) connecting the outer tube outside of the system box.
3.根据权利要求1所述的新型矿井压风自救装置,其特征在于:所述螺旋输气导管(7)与呼吸面罩(8)之间通过螺帽活动连接。 3. New mine air pressure self-rescue device according to claim 1, wherein: the connection between the helical nut active gas delivery conduit (7) to the breathing mask (8).
4.根据权利要求1所述的新型矿井压风自救装置,其特征在于:所述的呼吸装置设有六套。 4. The new mine air pressure self-rescue device according to claim 1, wherein: said device is provided with six sets of breathing.
5.根据权利要求1所述的新型矿井压风自救装置,其特征在于:所述的通讯装置为防爆电话(17)。 The new mine air pressure self-rescue device according to claim 1, wherein: said communications device is a proof telephone (17).
CN 201420221995 2014-05-04 2014-05-04 Novel mine compressed air self-rescue device CN203925571U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USD804653S1 (en) 2015-06-12 2017-12-05 Emd Millipore Corporation Pressure vessel
US10088398B2 (en) 2015-02-11 2018-10-02 Emd Millipore Corporation Stirred cell and method of using same

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US10088398B2 (en) 2015-02-11 2018-10-02 Emd Millipore Corporation Stirred cell and method of using same
USD804653S1 (en) 2015-06-12 2017-12-05 Emd Millipore Corporation Pressure vessel

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