CN203921089U - A kind of front-wheel shock-damping structure and road sweeper - Google Patents

A kind of front-wheel shock-damping structure and road sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203921089U
CN203921089U CN201420331884.4U CN201420331884U CN203921089U CN 203921089 U CN203921089 U CN 203921089U CN 201420331884 U CN201420331884 U CN 201420331884U CN 203921089 U CN203921089 U CN 203921089U
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China
Prior art keywords
component
spring
damping
wheel
adapter plate
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CN201420331884.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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苏献
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FOSHAN GEMEI CLEANING EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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FOSHAN GEMEI CLEANING EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of front-wheel shock-damping structure and road sweeper, its front-wheel shock-damping structure comprises front component, hinge, front component adapter plate, elastic parts and limiting buffer assembly; Described front component is hinged by hinge and front component adapter plate, between hinged rear front component and front component adapter plate, is formed with angle; The angle of above-mentioned angle is made elastic spacing by the elastic parts being arranged on front component adapter plate; Wherein limiting buffer assembly is arranged on the top of front component adapter plate.Front-wheel shock-damping structure of the present utility model solved because of spring get rusty distortion, tired after front-wheel unbalance because install front-wheel balance reason spring load power support after the utility model additional, change by the hinge between front wheels adapter plate and front component and support.Adopt the vehicle of this shock-damping structure can improve navigating mate operation comfort, reduce because shaking in driving process and excessive car body parts are caused to damage, effectively extend vehicle life span.

Description

A kind of front-wheel shock-damping structure and road sweeper
Technical field
The utility model relates to clean environment firendly apparatus field, more specifically, relates to a kind of front-wheel and install additional shock-damping structure and the road sweeper of hinged towing type.
Background technology
The road conditions that existing road sweeper runs in the process of sweeping the floor are changeable, often can produce in the process of moving vibrations; And vibrations in driving process conference navigating mate is not felt well, and also can cause car body damage of components, thereby shorten vehicle life span.
In order to improve navigating mate operation comfort, reduce because shaking in driving process and excessive car body parts are caused to damage, effectively extend vehicle life span; The existing two schemes that is mainly concerned with: front-wheel as shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6 installs the damping of four-point supporting formula additional, this damping modes is four support spring dampings by being fixed on front-wheel both sides, shortcoming is to get rusty after distortion, fatigue when a spring wherein, can cause 4 discontinuity, thereby make front-wheel balance, serious meeting causes front-wheel sideslip to cause disconnected front wheel spindle; Front-wheel as shown in Figure 7 and Figure 8 installs the damping of hydraulic spring forks type front additional, this damping modes is that the hydraulic spring by being fixed on front-wheel both sides carries out damping, shortcoming is due to hydraulic spring complex structure, add that road sweeper work road conditions are changeable, can cause left and right hydraulic spring to be subject to inhomogeneous, so can cause oil sealing wearing and tearing leakage of oil.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, first the utility model proposes a kind of front-wheel shock-damping structure, adopt the vehicle of this shock-damping structure can improve navigating mate operation comfort, reduce because shaking in driving process and excessive car body parts are caused to damage, effectively extend vehicle life span.
Another object of the present utility model is to propose a kind of road sweeper of above-mentioned front-wheel with shock-damping structure that adopt.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution of the utility model is:
First the utility model provides a kind of front-wheel shock-damping structure, comprises front component, hinge, front component adapter plate, elastic parts and limiting buffer assembly; Described front component is hinged by hinge and front component adapter plate, between hinged rear front component and front component adapter plate, is formed with angle;
The angle of above-mentioned angle is made elastic spacing by the elastic parts being arranged between front component adapter plate and front component angle; Wherein limiting buffer assembly is arranged on the top of front component adapter plate.
The stressed front component that is delivered to of front-wheel when work, elastic parts compression thereupon, front component screws certain angle taking hinge as centre of gration, and between front component adapter plate and front component, angle diminishes, thereby plays damping effect.Complete after damping, for anti-because the instantaneous return of angle causes front component to fall down, therefore be also provided with limiting buffer assembly above front component adapter plate.
Further, described elastic parts comprises the first spring and the second spring, and it is arranged between front component adapter plate and front component angle.
Further, described the first spring and the second spring adopt inside and outside nested combination mode to be combined into elastic parts, the upper surface of the first spring and the second spring adopts nest location on spring, the lower surface of the first spring and the second spring adopts nest location under spring, and it is in order to bring into play large carrying elastic force in little space that elastic parts adopts this array mode.
Further, centered by front component, symmetrical both sides are separately installed with a set of elastic parts.
When work damping process complete after the first spring and the second spring can be in rushing down pressure condition, front component can be taking hinge as centre of gration rotation direction external-open certain angle under the first spring and the second spring force, and between front component adapter plate and front component, angle is reset to the front state of work.
Further, described limiting buffer assembly comprises buffer-oriented bar, limiting stopper and Buffer Unit; Wherein the part of front component away from hinge is located in one end of buffer-oriented bar, and the other end adopts nut to do spacing to limiting stopper and Buffer Unit.
Before between front component adapter plate and front component, angle is reset to work, in the process of state, buffer-oriented bar, thereupon to decline, is pressed in Buffer Unit.In whole process because front component, Buffer Unit, buffer-oriented bar are association, so front component can slow return under the effect of Buffer Unit self elastic force.
This limiting buffer assembly can limit damping stroke amplitude, can also anti-front component moment return.
Further, described Buffer Unit is spring.
Further, described limiting stopper comprises two, and Buffer Unit two ends are separately installed with a limiting stopper.
The utility model also provides a kind of road sweeper of applying described front-wheel shock-damping structure, comprises car body, front-wheel, trailing wheel; Trailing wheel is arranged on the local back lower place of car; Described front-wheel is arranged on car body front lower place by front-wheel shock-damping structure.
By front-wheel shock-damping structure, front-wheel is arranged on to car body front lower place, when car body is subject to instant impact, when elastic parts pressurized, hinge angle diminishes thereupon, thereby plays damping effect.This structure is because hinge-point is in wheel front, and road sweeper in the process of moving hinge can drag front-wheel to walk always, and front-wheel balance is completely by hinge.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
Front-wheel shock-damping structure of the present utility model solved because of spring get rusty distortion, tired after front-wheel unbalance because install front-wheel balance reason spring load power support after the utility model additional, change by the hinge between front wheels adapter plate and front component and support.
Adopt the vehicle of this shock-damping structure can improve navigating mate operation comfort, reduce because shaking in driving process and excessive car body parts are caused to damage, effectively extend vehicle life span.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of hinged towing type shock-damping structure.
Fig. 2 is hinged towing type shock-damping structure work schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is hinged towing type shock-damping structure work schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is hinged towing type shock-damping structure and this position relationship of road sweeper schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is that front-wheel installs four-point supporting formula shock-damping structure schematic diagram one additional.
Fig. 6 is that front-wheel installs four-point supporting formula shock-damping structure schematic diagram two additional.
Fig. 7 is that structure front-wheel installs hydraulic spring forks type front damping schematic diagram one additional.
Fig. 8 is that structure front-wheel installs hydraulic spring forks type front damping schematic diagram two additional.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is further described, but embodiment of the present utility model is not limited to this.
Description of symbols in Fig. 1:
1 is limiting stopper, and 2 is front component adapter plate, and 3 is hinge, and 4 is front component, and 5 is buffer-oriented bar, and 6 is recoil spring, and 7 is nest on spring, and 8 is the first spring, and 9 is the second spring, and 10 is nest under spring, and 11 is front-wheel.
Description of symbols in Fig. 2:
Arrow A is to press in first and second spring 8-9, arrow B is outer of recoil spring 6, and arrow C is buffer-oriented bar 5 ascent directions, and arrow D is hand of rotation while closing in front component 4, arrow E is the stressed transmittance process of front component 4, and arrow F is front-wheel 11 stress point while working.
Description of symbols in Fig. 3-4:
Arrow H is the outer Zhang Fangxiang of first and second spring 8-9, and arrow I is the interior pressure direction of recoil spring 6, and arrow J is buffer-oriented bar 5 descent directions, hand of rotation when arrow K is front component 4 external-open, arrow L is front component 4 reset directions, and 4 is front component, and 13 is road sweeper body.
The utility model is hinged towing type shock-damping structure, and front-wheel 11 is arranged on front component 4 as shown in Figure 1.Front component 4 is hinged by hinge 3 and front component adapter plate 2, between hinged rear two parts, can form angle.
As shown in Figure 1-2, the angle of angle is made elastic spacing by the first spring 8 and the second spring 9 that are arranged on front component 4 both sides; When work, the stressed F of front-wheel 11 is delivered to front component 4 by E, and the first spring 8 and the second spring 9 compress thereupon, and front component 4 screws D taking hinge 3 as centre of gration, thereby between front component adapter plate 2 and front component 4, angle diminishes and plays damping effect.Complete after damping as anti-because the instantaneous return front component 4 of angle falls down, above front component adapter plate 2, be provided with limiting buffer assembly.
The first spring 8 and the second spring 9 array modes are inside and outside shell type combination, and upper surface is located by nest on spring 7, and lower surface is located by nest on spring 10.On the first spring 8, the second spring 9 and spring under nest 7, spring nest 10 be all centered by front component 4 symmetrical each side install a set of.
As shown in Figure 3, limiting buffer assembly comprises buffer-oriented bar 5, limiting stopper 1 and recoil spring 6.Wherein, front component 4 rear portions are located in buffer-oriented bar 5 one end, and the other end does spacing with nut to limiting stopper 1 and recoil spring 6.When work, because the first spring 8 and the second spring 9 are in rushing down pressure condition, front component 4 can be taking hinge 3 as centre of gration rotation direction external-open K under the first spring 8 and the second spring 9 elastic force, and between front component adapter plate 2 and front component 4, angle is reset to the front state of work.
Buffer-oriented bar 5 is thereupon to decline J, the interior pressure of recoil spring 6 I.In whole process because front component 4, recoil spring 6, buffer-oriented bar 5 are association, so front component 4 can slow return under recoil spring 6 self elastic force effect.
In addition, limiting stopper 1 can be done along with recoil spring 6 is flexible up and down with buffer-oriented bar 5 guiding, be detachable.
As shown in Figure 4, front component adapter plate 2 is fixed on car body 13 front lower places.
Can improve like this traveling comfort that vehicular drive personnel drive time operation, and reduce because shaking in driving process and excessive car body parts are caused to damage, effectively extend vehicle life span.
Above-described embodiment of the present utility model, does not form the restriction to the utility model protection domain.Any amendment of having done within spiritual principles of the present utility model, be equal to and replace and improvement etc., within all should being included in claim protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a front-wheel shock-damping structure, is characterized in that, comprises front component, hinge, front component adapter plate, elastic parts and limiting buffer assembly; Described front component is hinged by hinge and front component adapter plate, between hinged rear front component and front component adapter plate, is formed with angle;
The angle of above-mentioned angle is made elastic spacing by the elastic parts being arranged on front component adapter plate; Wherein limiting buffer assembly is arranged on the top of front component adapter plate.
2. front-wheel shock-damping structure according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described elastic parts comprises the first spring and the second spring, and it is arranged between front component adapter plate and front component angle.
3. front-wheel shock-damping structure according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described the first spring and the second spring adopt inside and outside nested combination mode to be combined into elastic parts, the upper surface of the first spring and the second spring adopts nest location on spring, and the lower surface of the first spring and the second spring adopts nest location under spring.
4. front-wheel shock-damping structure according to claim 3, is characterized in that, both sides symmetrical centered by front component are separately installed with a set of elastic parts.
5. front-wheel shock-damping structure according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described limiting buffer assembly comprises buffer-oriented bar, limiting stopper and Buffer Unit; Wherein the part of front component away from hinge is located in one end of buffer-oriented bar, and the other end adopts nut to do spacing to limiting stopper and Buffer Unit.
6. front-wheel shock-damping structure according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described Buffer Unit is spring.
7. front-wheel shock-damping structure according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described limiting stopper comprises two, and Buffer Unit two ends are separately installed with a limiting stopper.
8. a road sweeper for the front-wheel shock-damping structure described in application rights requirement 1 to 7 any one, comprises car body, front-wheel, trailing wheel; Trailing wheel is arranged on the local back lower place of car; It is characterized in that, described front-wheel is arranged on car body front lower place by front-wheel shock-damping structure.
CN201420331884.4U 2014-06-20 2014-06-20 A kind of front-wheel shock-damping structure and road sweeper Active CN203921089U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420331884.4U CN203921089U (en) 2014-06-20 2014-06-20 A kind of front-wheel shock-damping structure and road sweeper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420331884.4U CN203921089U (en) 2014-06-20 2014-06-20 A kind of front-wheel shock-damping structure and road sweeper

Publications (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104015858A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-09-03 佛山市格美清洁设备有限公司 Front wheel shock absorption structure and road sweeper

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104015858A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-09-03 佛山市格美清洁设备有限公司 Front wheel shock absorption structure and road sweeper

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CP02 Change in the address of a patent holder
CP02 Change in the address of a patent holder

Address after: 528000 Guangdong Province Foshan Nanhai District Danzao Town Nanhai National Eco-industrial Demonstration Park Phoenix Avenue 8 Innovation Hardware Industry Co., Ltd. Factory 2 (Residence Declaration)

Patentee after: Foshan Gemei Cleaning Equipment Co., Ltd.

Address before: 528000 Tianma factory, 45 Florida Road, Chancheng District, Foshan, Guangdong, 6 floor 1

Patentee before: Foshan Gemei Cleaning Equipment Co., Ltd.