CN203912702U - Cultivation box - Google Patents

Cultivation box Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203912702U
CN203912702U CN201420281423.0U CN201420281423U CN203912702U CN 203912702 U CN203912702 U CN 203912702U CN 201420281423 U CN201420281423 U CN 201420281423U CN 203912702 U CN203912702 U CN 203912702U
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China
Prior art keywords
cultivation box
air outlet
air inlet
exchange system
gas exchange
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CN201420281423.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
夏恩品
刘鹏
刘浩泉
王磊
吴乔晔
李洪涛
陈伟
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Qingdao Haier Co Ltd
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Qingdao Haier Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420281423.0U priority Critical patent/CN203912702U/en
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Abstract

A kind of cultivation box, comprises having the casing of inner space, be connected with described casing and in order to open or the body of closed described casing and be arranged in described inner space and in order at least one deck bearing part of planting plants.Described cultivation box also comprises gas exchange system, and described gas exchange system comprises air inlet and air outlet, and wherein said air inlet is arranged on the bottom of described door body, and described air outlet is arranged on the top of described casing.The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the gas exchange system of a kind of " from bottom to top " is provided, can have made the gas of box house and ambient atmos realize fully exchange, reduced the steam that is attached to box house simultaneously.In addition, owing to air inlet being arranged on to the bottom of described door body, avoided consumer to observe directly this air inlet from outside, thereby made this cultivation box comparatively attractive in appearance.

Description

Cultivation box
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of cultivation box, belongs to planting technical field.
Background technology
Along with the raising of people's living standard, health, green, environmental protection, life style is more and more subject to pursuing of people easily, has met to a certain extent people's demand in order to the home-use cultivation box of the plant such as planting vegetable, fruit.
As everyone knows, green plants needs enough carbonic acid gas to carry out photosynthesis, if cultivation box does not have gas exchange system, when the plant in it is after growth after a while, in cultivation box, just can be full of oxygen, lack carbonic acid gas, thereby can affect the continued growth of plant.
In order to address the above problem, on October 10th, 2012, the Chinese invention patent of No. 102,715,031 A, disclosed CN disclosed a kind of cultivation box with automatic ventilation function.Wherein, air intake fan is set on casing, ventilating fan is set below casing.
But, first, air inlet and air outlet are all arranged on casing, can affect the overall appearance degree of cultivation box; Secondly, because the molecular weight of carbonic acid gas will be higher than the molecular weight of oxygen, the ventilating system of this " from top to bottom " is unfavorable for supplementing to greatest extent carbonic acid gas, discharges oxygen; Again, the ventilating system of this " from top to bottom " can increase the steam that is attached to box house, is unfavorable for extending the service life of other functional parts (for example light compensating lamp).
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of cultivation box with gas exchange system, its gas exchanging system design is reasonable, can make gas and the ambient atmos of box house realize fully exchange, reduce and be attached to the steam of box house simultaneously, and make cultivation box comparatively attractive in appearance.
For achieving the above object, the utility model adopts following technical scheme: a kind of cultivation box, comprise and there is the casing of inner space, be connected with described casing and in order to open or the door body of closed described casing and be arranged in described inner space and in order at least one deck bearing part of planting vegetable, described cultivation box also comprises gas exchange system, described gas exchange system comprises air inlet and air outlet, wherein said air inlet is arranged on the bottom of described door body, and described air outlet is arranged on the top of described casing.
As the further improved technical scheme of the utility model, described gas exchange system comprises blower fan, and described blower fan is arranged on the position near described air outlet and/or described air inlet.
As the further improved technical scheme of the utility model, described gas exchange system comprises exhaust passage and exhaust fan, described exhaust passage comprises the first end being connected with described inner space and the second end being communicated with described air outlet, and described exhaust fan is arranged on described first end.
As the further improved technical scheme of the utility model, described gas exchange system comprises the air outlet grid that are arranged on described air outlet.
As the further improved technical scheme of the utility model, described gas exchange system comprises the switching element being arranged in described exhaust passage, and described switching element can be communicated with described first end or cut off with described the second end.
As the further improved technical scheme of the utility model, described switching element is one-way membrane, and when wherein said exhaust fan rotates, thereby described one-way membrane is opened described first end is communicated with described the second end; When described exhaust fan stops, thereby closed described first end and described the second end of making of described one-way membrane return cuts off.
As the further improved technical scheme of the utility model, described switching element is normally closed air door, and when described exhaust fan rotates, thereby described air door is opened described first end is communicated with described the second end; When described exhaust fan stops, thereby closed described first end and described the second end of making of described air door return cuts off.
As the further improved technical scheme of the utility model, described cultivation box is cuboid, and described air inlet and described air outlet are clinodiagonal and arrange.
As the further improved technical scheme of the utility model, the inwall of described door body is provided with an inclined-plane, and described air inlet is arranged on described inclined-plane.
As the further improved technical scheme of the utility model, described cultivation box comprises the nutrient solution circulatory system, illumination compensation system and the temperature control system for heating or freezing.
Compared with prior art, the utility model is by being arranged on air inlet the bottom of described door body, air outlet is arranged on the top of described casing, thereby provide the gas exchange system of a kind of " from bottom to top ", can make gas and the ambient atmos of box house realize fully exchange, reduce the steam that is attached to box house simultaneously.In addition, owing to air inlet being arranged on to the bottom of described door body, avoided consumer to observe directly this air inlet from outside, thereby made this cultivation box comparatively attractive in appearance.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view of the door body of cultivation box of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the schematic perspective view of the casing of cultivation box of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is the generalized section of the casing of cultivation box of the present utility model, has wherein demonstrated gas exchange system and air draft direction.
Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged drawing of square frame part in Fig. 3, has wherein demonstrated air draft direction.
Fig. 5 is the partial cutaway schematic of the casing of cultivation box of the present utility model, has wherein demonstrated the parts such as exhaust passage, exhaust fan, air outlet and air outlet grid.
Embodiment
Shown in please refer to the drawing 1 to Fig. 5, a kind of embodiment of the present utility model has disclosed a kind of cultivation box in order to the plant such as planting vegetable, fruit.Described cultivation box is cuboid, and it comprises having the casing 1 of inner space 10, be connected with described casing 1 and in order to open or the door body 2 of closed described casing 1, to be arranged in described inner space 10 and in order at least one deck bearing part 3 and the gas exchange system 4 of planting plants.Certainly, described cultivation box comprises the nutrient solution circulatory system, illumination compensation system and for temperature control system of heating or freeze etc.
Described gas exchange system 4 comprises air inlet 41 and air outlet 42.Described air inlet 41 is arranged on the bottom of described door body 2, and described air outlet 42 is arranged on the top of described casing 1.Particularly, shown in please refer to the drawing 1, the inwall of described door body 2 is provided with an inclined-plane 21, and described air inlet 41 is arranged on described inclined-plane 21.Because described casing 1 is relatively airtight space, described air inlet 41 and described air outlet 42 are to clinodiagonal and arrange, can make gas run through up and down, thereby gas can pass through every layer of bearing part 3 to greatest extent, is conducive to gas and fully exchanges.By air inlet 41 is arranged on a body 2, be with the difference that air inlet 41 is arranged on casing 1: without passing foaming layer, preparation technology is simple, easy to operate.
Shown in please refer to the drawing 2, described casing 1 comprises roof 11, diapire 12, two side 13 and rear wall 14.Described inner space 10 is surrounded by described roof 11, diapire 12, two side 13 and rear wall 14.Described bearing part 3 comprises some in order to plant the circular hole 31 of fruits and vegetables.Described illumination compensation system is positioned at the below of described bearing part 3, provides illumination for fruits and vegetables carry out photosynthesis.The described nutrient solution circulatory system is grown necessary element is provided for fruits and vegetables.Described temperature control system is grown temperature condition is provided for fruits and vegetables.
Described gas exchange system 4 comprises blower fan, and described blower fan is arranged on the position near described air outlet 42 and/or described air inlet 41, is beneficial to accelerate gas flow.Particularly, shown in please refer to the drawing 3 and Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, described gas exchange system 4 comprises exhaust passage 43 and exhaust fan 44.Described exhaust passage 43 comprises the first end 431 being connected with described inner space 10 and the second end 432 being communicated with described air outlet 42.In the illustrated embodiment of the utility model, described exhaust fan 44 is arranged on described first end 431.Described gas exchange system 4 comprises the air outlet grid 45 that are arranged on described air outlet 42, to prevent that foreign matter from entering.
Shown in please refer to the drawing 3, described gas exchange system 4 comprises the switching element 46 being arranged in described exhaust passage 43, and described switching element 46 can be communicated with described first end 431 or cut off with described the second end 432.In the illustrated embodiment of the utility model, described switching element 46 is normally closed, in the time that described exhaust fan 44 turns round, opens, and all the other times close, to keep the interior temperature and humidity of described casing 1.Described casing 1 has a relatively airtight described inner space 10.In the time that described switching element 46 is in the close position, now described cultivation box is airtight, and now ambient atmos cannot exchange with the interior gas in described inner space 10, is beneficial to the temperature of described temperature control system control fruits and vegetables growth.In the time that described switching element 46 is in an open position, now ambient atmos is communicated with the interior gas in described inner space 10, and gas can flow along the arrow of illustrating in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4.In the process of this gas flow, ambient atmos enters described casing 1 by the air inlet 41 of described door body 2 bottoms, and then gas enters described exhaust passage 43, and discharges from described air outlet 42, to realize the abundant exchange of inside and outside portion gas.When the environment in casing 1 reaches ventilation while requiring, micro computer sends instruction repertorie, and exhaust fan 44 entrys into service are to strengthen gas flow, and ambient atmos sucks from air inlet 41, discharges from air outlet 42.Exchange by gas, avoided cultivation box internal cause gas to grow a large amount of bacteriums owing to not circulating, reduced peculiar smell.About the problem of peculiar smell, also can in the water tank of the bottom of described casing 1, design chlorination equipment (for example ultraviolet ray waits disinfection way), can further reduce or stop peculiar smell.In addition, exchange by gas, can also regulate temperature and humidity in cultivation box, for green vegetables growth provides optimum condition.
In a kind of embodiment of the present utility model, described switching element 46 is one-way membrane, and described one-way membrane is elastic sheet.When wherein said exhaust fan 44 rotates, by blower fan wind-force, thereby described one-way membrane is opened described first end 431 is communicated with described the second end 432; When described exhaust fan 44 stops, thereby described one-way membrane return is closed, described first end 431 is cut off with described the second end 432.
In another kind of embodiment of the present utility model, described switching element 46 is normally closed air door, and when described exhaust fan 44 rotates, thereby described air door is opened described first end 431 is communicated with described the second end 432; When described exhaust fan 44 stops, thereby described air door return is closed, described first end 431 is cut off with described the second end 432.
Compared to prior art, the utility model is by being arranged on air inlet 41 bottom of described door body 2, air outlet 42 is arranged on the top of described casing 1, thereby the gas exchange system 4 of a kind of " from bottom to top " is provided, and can make the gas of casing 1 inside and ambient atmos realize fully exchange.Preferably, described air inlet 41 is clinodiagonal with described air outlet 42 to be arranged, makes gas pass through to greatest extent every layer of bearing part 3, is conducive to gas and fully exchanges.The interior humidity of described casing 1 is larger, may for example, in illumination compensation system (compensating tabula rasa face), have steam (dripping) and condense, and streamer mode from the bottom up contributes to reduce the steam that is attached to box house, extends the service life of compensating lamp.Consider from molecular weight angle, the molecular weight of carbonic acid gas will be higher than the molecular weight of oxygen, and bottom air intake can effectively supplement carbonic acid gas, and top air draft can be discharged oxygen to greatest extent.In addition, owing to air inlet 41 being arranged on to the bottom of described door body 2, avoided consumer to observe directly this air inlet 41 from outside, thereby made this cultivation box comparatively attractive in appearance.
It should be noted that: above embodiment is only for illustrating the utility model and the described technical scheme of unrestricted the utility model, although this specification has been described in detail the utility model with reference to the above embodiments, but, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, person of ordinary skill in the field still can modify or be equal to replacement the utility model, and all do not depart from technical scheme and the improvement thereof of spirit and scope of the present utility model, all should be encompassed within the scope of claim of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a cultivation box, comprise and there is the casing of inner space, be connected with described casing and in order to open or the door body of closed described casing and be arranged in described inner space and in order at least one deck bearing part of planting plants, it is characterized in that: described cultivation box also comprises gas exchange system, described gas exchange system comprises air inlet and air outlet, wherein said air inlet is arranged on the bottom of described door body, and described air outlet is arranged on the top of described casing.
2. cultivation box as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described gas exchange system comprises blower fan, and described blower fan is arranged on the position near described air outlet and/or described air inlet.
3. cultivation box as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described gas exchange system comprises exhaust passage and exhaust fan, described exhaust passage comprises the first end being connected with described inner space and the second end being communicated with described air outlet, and described exhaust fan is arranged on described first end.
4. cultivation box as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: described gas exchange system comprises the air outlet grid that are arranged on described air outlet.
5. cultivation box as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: described gas exchange system comprises the switching element being arranged in described exhaust passage, and described switching element can be communicated with described first end or cut off with described the second end.
6. cultivation box as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: described switching element is one-way membrane, and when wherein said exhaust fan rotates, thereby described one-way membrane is opened described first end is communicated with described the second end; When described exhaust fan stops, thereby closed described first end and described the second end of making of described one-way membrane return cuts off.
7. cultivation box as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: described switching element is normally closed air door, and when described exhaust fan rotates, thereby described air door is opened described first end is communicated with described the second end; When described exhaust fan stops, thereby closed described first end and described the second end of making of described air door return cuts off.
8. cultivation box as claimed in any of claims 1 to 7 in one of claims, is characterized in that: described cultivation box is cuboid, and described air inlet and described air outlet are clinodiagonal and arrange.
9. cultivation box as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that: the inwall of described door body is provided with an inclined-plane, and described air inlet is arranged on described inclined-plane.
10. cultivation box as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that: described cultivation box comprises the nutrient solution circulatory system, illumination compensation system and the temperature control system for heating or freezing.
CN201420281423.0U 2014-05-29 2014-05-29 Cultivation box Active CN203912702U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420281423.0U CN203912702U (en) 2014-05-29 2014-05-29 Cultivation box

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420281423.0U CN203912702U (en) 2014-05-29 2014-05-29 Cultivation box

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203912702U true CN203912702U (en) 2014-11-05

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ID=51808607

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420281423.0U Active CN203912702U (en) 2014-05-29 2014-05-29 Cultivation box

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203912702U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105432345A (en) * 2014-05-29 2016-03-30 青岛海尔股份有限公司 Planting box
CN105794513A (en) * 2014-12-29 2016-07-27 青岛海尔股份有限公司 Flower showcase refrigerator capable of prolonging flower florescence

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105432345A (en) * 2014-05-29 2016-03-30 青岛海尔股份有限公司 Planting box
CN105794513A (en) * 2014-12-29 2016-07-27 青岛海尔股份有限公司 Flower showcase refrigerator capable of prolonging flower florescence

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