CN203908542U - Integrated monitoring and verifying device for earth surface deformation open space - Google Patents

Integrated monitoring and verifying device for earth surface deformation open space Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN203908542U
CN203908542U CN201420216664.7U CN201420216664U CN203908542U CN 203908542 U CN203908542 U CN 203908542U CN 201420216664 U CN201420216664 U CN 201420216664U CN 203908542 U CN203908542 U CN 203908542U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
ground
integrated monitoring
insar
air
monitoring
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420216664.7U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
雷坤超
罗勇
贾三满
刘明坤
周毅
王荣
田芳
杨艳
姜媛
陈柘舟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hydrogeological Engineering Geology Group Of Beijing
Original Assignee
Hydrogeological Engineering Geology Group Of Beijing
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hydrogeological Engineering Geology Group Of Beijing filed Critical Hydrogeological Engineering Geology Group Of Beijing
Priority to CN201420216664.7U priority Critical patent/CN203908542U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203908542U publication Critical patent/CN203908542U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses an integrated monitoring and verifying device for earth surface deformation open space. The integrated monitoring and verifying device comprises a fixing platform and an InSAR artificial corner reflector mounted on the fixing platform, wherein a GPS observing pole is vertically mounted on the fixing platform; the top end of the GPS observing pole is used for mounting a GPS antenna and a leveling measuring marker higher than the surface of the fixing platform is buried on the fixing platform. According to the utility model, the technical scheme is adopted, so that three measuring methods of the InSAR, the GPS and the leveling measuring can be effectively integrated and cooperated, and the monitoring technologies can be verified; the integrated monitoring and verifying device has a great breakthrough in monitoring accuracy and temporal-spatial resolution of the earth surface deformation and is suitable for popularization and application.

Description

The air-ground integrated monitoring demo plant of a kind of Ground Deformation
Technical field
The utility model relates to geology monitoring field, particularly, relates to the air-ground integrated monitoring demo plant of a kind of Ground Deformation.
Background technology
At present, the monitoring method of land subsidence mainly contains precise leveling, GPS measures and interfering synthetic aperture radar is measured (InSAR).
Wherein precise leveling is by laying classification leveling network, obtain Ground Deformation information through compensating computation and spatial interpolation, the land subsidence information that the method obtains has very high precision and reliability, but because its repetition measurement cycle is long, manpower and materials consume huge, and cannot meet the requirement to land subsidence real-time dynamic monitoring, the defect such as the monitoring information that obtains is discontinuous, has limited the widespread use of the method.But with regard to existing Ground Subsidence Monitoring technology, it is incomparable that precise leveling is still other monitoring technology with its high-precision advantage, is usually used in the checking of new terrestrial settlement monitoring technology precision.
GPS measuring technique, along with instrument is conciliate the Continual Improvement that twines algorithm, has been brought into play vital role in Ground Subsidence Monitoring.GPS measurement has the advantages such as the cycle is short, positioning precision is high, arrange net rapid, all-weather, aspect Horizontal Deformation monitoring, there is higher precision, but aspect Vertical Deformation Monitoring owing to being subject to atmosphere delay, the form of arranging net, Metrical Method conciliate the restriction that twines algorithm, its Vertical Deformation Monitoring precision is still the defect that it is difficult to avoid.And the area of blocking at poor signal or barrier, is difficult to accurately obtain the height value of monitoring point, has limited the use of the method.
It is the new spatial earth observation technology that recent two decades grows up that synthetic-aperture radar differential interferometry is measured (DInSAR) technology.Permanent scatterer interferometry (PS-InSAR) technology that calendar year 2001 is proposed by the people such as Ferriti, can effectively overcome traditional DInSAR technology and be subject to the impact of the dry and atmosphere delay in space, time dephasing, aspect monitoring accuracy, can reach grade.But in the less open space of surface buildings, owing to lacking permanent scatterer, cause and cannot carry out effective interferometry in these areas.Therefore, the CR-InSAR technology growing up on this basis, utilize the manual corner reflector of laying in open space as permanent scatterer point, these corner reflectors have very strong radar reflect property, can monitor the deformation of highest priority trace, aspect Vertical Deformation Monitoring precision, can reach grade.
In sum, Ground Subsidence Monitoring point is mainly leveling point, GPS point and InSAR corner reflector at present, and three independently monitors separately, and monitoring result lacks effectively integrated.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of Ground Deformation air-ground integrated monitoring demo plant, overcomes the current multiple monitoring device defect that independently monitoring exists separately, further improves monitoring accuracy and spatial and temporal resolution.
To achieve these goals, the utility model adopts following technical scheme:
The air-ground integrated monitoring demo plant of a kind of Ground Deformation, comprise fixed station and be arranged on the InSAR manual corner reflector on fixed station, GPS observation bar is also vertically installed on described fixed station, the top of described GPS observation bar is used for installing gps antenna, and on described fixed station, is also embedded with the measurement of the level mark that exceeds fixed mesa.
Further, described GPS observes masthead portion be provided with forced centering device, and described monitoring demo plant also comprises the gps antenna for being placed in forced centering device place.
Further, described measurement of the level is masked as 4, exceeds fixed mesa 1-2cm, and 4 marks form 4 square summits, and described InSAR manual corner reflector and GPS observation bar are all positioned at square that 4 points form.
Further, described InSAR manual corner reflector is the InSAR manual corner reflector upper and lower, left and right angle is adjustable.
Further, the InSAR manual corner reflector that described angle is adjustable comprises reflecting plate, horizontal rotation apparatus and angle of pitch regulating device, described reflecting plate is arranged on horizontal rotation apparatus by angle of pitch regulating device, and described horizontal rotation apparatus is arranged on fixed station.
Further, described InSAR manual corner reflector also comprises substrate, and described horizontal rotation apparatus is arranged on substrate, and substrate is fixed on fixed station.
Further, described horizontal rotation apparatus comprises bearing, bearing seat, horizontal rotating disc and pivot; Described bearing is fixed in bearing seat, and pivot is vertically fixedly mounted on bearing center, and described horizontal rotating disc is fixedly mounted on pivot top; Described angle of pitch regulating device is arranged on horizontal rotating disc.
Further, described angle of pitch regulating device comprises lower carriage seat and upper support frame, is rotatable and orientable connection between described lower carriage seat and upper support frame.
Further, between described lower carriage seat and upper support frame, be rotatably connected by rotating shaft, and position by auxiliary conditioning unit; Described auxiliary conditioning unit comprises support bar and the adjusting screw(rod) with rotation hand wheel, and one end of described support bar is fixed on lower carriage seat, and the other end is provided with hole; Described adjusting screw(rod) upper end is connected with manual corner reflector, and lower end is through hole, and described rotation hand wheel is arranged on the lower end of adjusting screw(rod).
Further, described support bar length is adjustable.
Compared with prior art, the utlity model has following beneficial effect:
1, the utility model is by the research and development of InSAR-GPS-level integrated monitor device, existing multisource ground settlement monitoring means are carried out integrated, set up the air-ground integrated concatenating group of surface deformation monitoring on schedule, and InSAR, GPS and Levelling data are carried out to comprehensive monitoring integrated and land subsidence Deformation Field provide the foundation for follow-up; By InSAR, GPS, three kinds of methods of measurement of the level are carried out to effective integration, cooperatively interact, also make can mutually verify between various monitoring technology aspect monitoring yardstick, monitoring accuracy, to there is larger breakthrough for ground deformation.
2, by the manual corner reflector that traditional fixed artificial corner reflector is transformed into up and down, left and right angle is adjustable, mounting process and accuracy requirement are reduced greatly, and can adapt to multiple satellite, as a manual corner reflector can receive the signal of multiple satellites by translation-angle, also can adapt to the requirement that satellite update is regenerated, the signal intensity receiving is higher, in addition, also can meet the change rail situation of single satellite in operational process, accomplish receiving satellite signal timely and effectively, monitoring effect is good.
Below by drawings and Examples, the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the one-piece construction schematic diagram of the air-ground integrated monitoring demo plant of a kind of Ground Deformation of the utility model.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, preferred embodiment of the present utility model is described, should be appreciated that preferred embodiment described herein is only for description and interpretation the utility model, and be not used in restriction the utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, the air-ground integrated monitoring demo plant of a kind of Ground Deformation of the present utility model, comprises fixed station 100 and is arranged on the InSAR manual corner reflector on fixed station 100, InSAR manual corner reflector is adjustable-angle; GPS observation bar 200 is also vertically installed on fixed station 100, and the top of GPS observation bar 200 is provided with forced centering device 201, and at forced centering device, gps antenna is laid at 201 places; On above-mentioned fixed station 100, be also embedded with the measurement of the level mark 300 that exceeds fixed mesa.By above-mentioned setting, InSAR, GPS, three kinds of methods of measurement of the level can be carried out to effective integration, cooperatively interact, also make can mutually verify between various monitoring technology aspect monitoring yardstick, monitoring accuracy, to there is larger breakthrough for ground deformation.
Wherein, fixed station 100 adopts mainly and forms cement block by cement and reinforcing bar, and height can be laid according to surrounding enviroment, and the depth of burying need reach below frozen soil layer.
GPS observation bar 200 is integrated with cement block, imbeds cement block inside, is made up of the thick steel pipe of 5mm, fills sand-cement slurry in steel pipe.
Above-mentioned cement block is square, and measurement of the level mark 300 is 4, is embedded in respectively on the angle point of four, cement block top, and InSAR manual corner reflector and GPS observation bar 200 are all positioned at square that 4 measurement of the level marks 300 form.Wherein, a ball portion of measurement of the level mark 300 employing embedding is copper or stainless metal bench mark.Mark must be laid honest, splices firmly. and its top should exceed cement block face 1~2cm.
The InSAR manual corner reflector of above-mentioned adjustable-angle, can be up and down, left and right adjusting angle, with respect to traditional fixed manual corner reflector, reduced installation difficulty and can adapt to multiple satellite and Satellite Orbit Maneuver situation, for the preferred structure of the present embodiment, below it is described in detail.
As shown in Figure 1, the InSAR manual corner reflector that angle is adjustable comprises reflecting plate 1, can realize the horizontal rotation apparatus 2 of left rotation and right rotation and can realize the angle of pitch regulating device 3 of rotation up and down, reflecting plate 1 is arranged on horizontal rotation apparatus 2 by angle of pitch regulating device 3, and horizontal rotation apparatus 2 is arranged on fixed station 100.Can carry out again angle of pitch adjusting by first Level tune angle orientation, easy to adjust and precision is high.
Horizontal rotation apparatus 2 comprises bearing (not shown), bearing seat 21, horizontal rotating disc 22 and pivot 23; Bearing is fixed in bearing seat 21, and pivot 23 is vertically fixedly mounted on bearing center, and horizontal rotating disc 22 is fixedly mounted on pivot 23 tops; Angle of pitch regulating device 3 is arranged on horizontal rotating disc 22.Can drive angle of pitch regulating device 3 and reflecting plate 1 to rotate by rotation horizontal rotating disc 22.
Can realize and horizontally rotate function by bearing and supporting structure thereof, simple and practical, certainly, and except realizing and horizontally rotating by bearing, can also be by horizontally rotating as two sleeve realizations in relative rotation.
Angle of pitch regulating device 3 comprises lower carriage seat 31 and upper support frame 32, is rotatable and orientable connection between lower carriage seat 31 and upper support frame 32.As, lower carriage seat 31 is y-type structure, and is rotatably connected by rotating shaft 33 (can be bearing pin) between upper support frame 32, and positions by auxiliary conditioning unit; Auxiliary conditioning unit comprises support bar 34 and the adjusting screw(rod) 36 with rotation hand wheel 35, and one end of support bar 34 is fixed on lower carriage seat 31, and the other end is provided with hole; Adjusting screw(rod) 36 upper ends are connected with reflecting plate 1, and lower end is through hole, and rotation hand wheel 35 is arranged on the lower end of adjusting screw(rod) 36.When use, by rotating rotation hand wheel 35, adjusting screw(rod) 36 can drive reflecting plate 1 33 to rotate around the shaft, carries out the adjusting of luffing angle.
It is adjustable that above-mentioned support bar 34 is preferably set to length.By regulating its length, can coordinate with adjusting screw(rod) 36, collaborative effect is better.
The InSAR manual corner reflector that above-mentioned angle is adjustable can also comprise substrate 4, and the bearing seat 21 in horizontal rotation apparatus 2 is arranged on substrate 4 tops.Wherein, substrate 4 adopts the steel plate that 2cm is thick to make, and plays integrated support effect, can adopt fixed screw to be fixed and to be connected with cement block in bottom.
The reflecting plate 1 of the InSAR manual corner reflector that above-mentioned angle is adjustable is made up of the vertical splicing of three isosceles right triangles of aluminum alloy material, and the right angle length of side of triangular plate is 1m, thickness of slab 2mm, and the upper end of adjusting screw(rod) 36 is connected to the junction of two set squares.In addition, above-mentioned InSAR manual corner reflector can adopt triangular pyramidal corner reflector as above also can adopt rectangular parallelepiped bevel angle reverberator etc.
Finally it should be noted that: the foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, be not limited to the utility model, although the utility model is had been described in detail with reference to previous embodiment, for a person skilled in the art, its technical scheme that still can record previous embodiment is modified, or part technical characterictic is wherein equal to replacement.All within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment of doing, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. the air-ground integrated monitoring demo plant of Ground Deformation, comprise fixed station and be arranged on the InSAR manual corner reflector on fixed station, it is characterized in that, GPS observation bar is also vertically installed on described fixed station, the top of described GPS observation bar is used for installing gps antenna, and on described fixed station, is also embedded with the measurement of the level mark that exceeds fixed mesa.
2. the air-ground integrated monitoring demo plant of Ground Deformation according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described GPS observes masthead portion be provided with forced centering device, and described monitoring demo plant also comprises the gps antenna for being placed in forced centering device place.
3. the air-ground integrated monitoring demo plant of Ground Deformation according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described measurement of the level is masked as 4, exceed fixed mesa 1-2cm, 4 marks form 4 square summits, and described InSAR manual corner reflector and GPS observation bar are all positioned at square that 4 points form.
4. according to the air-ground integrated monitoring demo plant of Ground Deformation described in claim 1-3 any one, it is characterized in that, described InSAR manual corner reflector is the InSAR manual corner reflector upper and lower, left and right angle is adjustable.
5. the air-ground integrated monitoring demo plant of Ground Deformation according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, the InSAR manual corner reflector that described angle is adjustable comprises reflecting plate, horizontal rotation apparatus and angle of pitch regulating device, described reflecting plate is arranged on horizontal rotation apparatus by angle of pitch regulating device, and described horizontal rotation apparatus is arranged on fixed station.
6. the air-ground integrated monitoring demo plant of Ground Deformation according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described InSAR manual corner reflector also comprises substrate, and described horizontal rotation apparatus is arranged on substrate, and substrate is fixed on fixed station.
7. the air-ground integrated monitoring demo plant of Ground Deformation according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described horizontal rotation apparatus comprises bearing, bearing seat, horizontal rotating disc and pivot;
Described bearing is fixed in bearing seat, and pivot is vertically fixedly mounted on bearing center, and described horizontal rotating disc is fixedly mounted on pivot top;
Described angle of pitch regulating device is arranged on horizontal rotating disc.
8. the air-ground integrated monitoring demo plant of Ground Deformation according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described angle of pitch regulating device comprises lower carriage seat and upper support frame, is rotatable and orientable connection between described lower carriage seat and upper support frame.
9. the air-ground integrated monitoring demo plant of Ground Deformation according to claim 8, is characterized in that, is rotatably connected, and positions by auxiliary conditioning unit between described lower carriage seat and upper support frame by rotating shaft;
Described auxiliary conditioning unit comprises support bar and the adjusting screw(rod) with rotation hand wheel, and one end of described support bar is fixed on lower carriage seat, and the other end is provided with hole; Described adjusting screw(rod) upper end is connected with manual corner reflector, and lower end is through hole, and described rotation hand wheel is arranged on the lower end of adjusting screw(rod).
10. the air-ground integrated monitoring demo plant of Ground Deformation according to claim 9, is characterized in that, described support bar length is adjustable.
CN201420216664.7U 2014-04-30 2014-04-30 Integrated monitoring and verifying device for earth surface deformation open space Expired - Fee Related CN203908542U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420216664.7U CN203908542U (en) 2014-04-30 2014-04-30 Integrated monitoring and verifying device for earth surface deformation open space

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420216664.7U CN203908542U (en) 2014-04-30 2014-04-30 Integrated monitoring and verifying device for earth surface deformation open space

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203908542U true CN203908542U (en) 2014-10-29

Family

ID=51782804

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420216664.7U Expired - Fee Related CN203908542U (en) 2014-04-30 2014-04-30 Integrated monitoring and verifying device for earth surface deformation open space

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203908542U (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104569977A (en) * 2015-01-04 2015-04-29 河海大学 Double-displacement-measurable corner reflector
CN106679620A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-05-17 首都师范大学 Regional land subsidence space-time prediction method
CN107329140A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-11-07 安徽威德萨科技有限公司 A kind of road and bridge holistic health monitoring method
CN109708614A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-05-03 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 A kind of real-time ground sedimentation of multi-source and horizontal displacement monitoring system and method

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104569977A (en) * 2015-01-04 2015-04-29 河海大学 Double-displacement-measurable corner reflector
CN106679620A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-05-17 首都师范大学 Regional land subsidence space-time prediction method
CN107329140A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-11-07 安徽威德萨科技有限公司 A kind of road and bridge holistic health monitoring method
CN107329140B (en) * 2017-07-28 2019-06-25 安徽威德萨科技有限公司 A kind of road and bridge holistic health monitoring method
CN109708614A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-05-03 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 A kind of real-time ground sedimentation of multi-source and horizontal displacement monitoring system and method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN203908542U (en) Integrated monitoring and verifying device for earth surface deformation open space
CN203909274U (en) Microwave enhancement reflection apparatus in three dimensional variable mode
CN105526908A (en) Three dimensional laser scanning-GPS-combined side slope monitoring method
CN208039876U (en) A kind of fluid pressure type for fabricated construction automatically adjusts the bearing diagonal of verticality
CN209960156U (en) Auxiliary support for three-dimensional laser scanning
CN202562406U (en) Mining fissure monitoring device
CN102394371A (en) Antenna for remotely automatically monitoring azimuth angle and downtilt angle
CN101899845B (en) High-speed railway settlement monitoring technology
CN204720035U (en) A kind of indoor instruction transit arranging device
CN104260643A (en) Windproof-type overall steel bracket mounting method
CN108049291A (en) A kind of asphalt concrete pavement 3D paves construction method
CN203908537U (en) Earth' surface three dimensional deformation integrated monitoring device
CN106638318B (en) The localization method and cable guide pipe installation method of cable-stayed bridge beam-ends anchor point
CN201488701U (en) Portable and simple laser distance-measuring visualizer for landslide
CN107063207A (en) A kind of method that Multistage Control net measures power transmission cable tunnel axis
CN208953534U (en) A kind of collapsed gully erosion dynamic monitoring system based on laser scanning
CN112880639B (en) Method for monitoring ground settlement of mining subsidence area based on three-dimensional laser scanning
CN105974368B (en) A kind of corner reflecting device of GNSS-DInSAR Integration ofTechnologies
CN201637490U (en) Multi-angle heat radiation near-surface observation device
CN201795791U (en) Antenna azimuth angle measuring device
CN102135451A (en) Multi-angle thermal radiation near-surface observation device
CN204882864U (en) SAR corner reflector fixed baseplate
CN208887642U (en) High-precision quick centering base
CN209066223U (en) Elevational point accurate control device during a kind of roadbase construction with paving machine
CN202994081U (en) Ground three-dimensional laser scanner positioning pedestal

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141029

Termination date: 20150430

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model