CN203902775U - Single-wheel self-balancing electric vehicle - Google Patents

Single-wheel self-balancing electric vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203902775U
CN203902775U CN201420096974.XU CN201420096974U CN203902775U CN 203902775 U CN203902775 U CN 203902775U CN 201420096974 U CN201420096974 U CN 201420096974U CN 203902775 U CN203902775 U CN 203902775U
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China
Prior art keywords
power
car
electric vehicle
bracing frame
battery
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420096974.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘石创
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刘石创
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Priority to CN201420096974.XU priority Critical patent/CN203902775U/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62KCYCLES; CYCLE FRAMES; CYCLE STEERING DEVICES; RIDER-OPERATED TERMINAL CONTROLS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CYCLES; CYCLE AXLE SUSPENSIONS; CYCLE SIDE-CARS, FORECARS, OR THE LIKE
    • B62K1/00Unicycles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62KCYCLES; CYCLE FRAMES; CYCLE STEERING DEVICES; RIDER-OPERATED TERMINAL CONTROLS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CYCLES; CYCLE AXLE SUSPENSIONS; CYCLE SIDE-CARS, FORECARS, OR THE LIKE
    • B62K11/00Motorcycles, engine-assisted cycles or motor scooters with one or two wheels
    • B62K11/007Automatic balancing machines with single main ground engaging wheel or coaxial wheels supporting a rider

Abstract

The utility model relates to a single-wheel self-balancing electric vehicle. The single-wheel self-balancing electric vehicle comprises a seat, a hub, a vehicle body supporting frame and a handrail, wherein a drive control system, a power supply system and a power system are arranged on the hub; the vehicle body supporting frame is provided with a sensor system and a hand lever, the seat is fixedly arranged on a baffle cover support and the baffle cover support is fixedly arranged on the vehicle body supporting frame; the power supply system, the sensor system and the power system are respectively and electrically connected with the drive control system. The single-wheel self-balancing electric vehicle has the advantages that since the drive control system, the power supply system and the power system are highly integrated on the hub, the space utilization ratio is effectively improved, the structure of the electric vehicle is enabled to be more compact and the portability is improved; since a flat tire is sheathed on the hub, the contact area between the tire and pavement is increased and the stability and the self-balancing capacity of the electric vehicle are improved; since the seat is connected onto the baffle cover support, a beginner can sit for learning driving, the balance and the coordination of the entire vehicle during running are more facilitated and the driving is enabled to be comfortable and simple.

Description

Single-wheel Self-balance electric vehicle
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of battery-driven car, refers to especially a kind of single-wheel Self-balance electric vehicle.
Background technology
Self-balance electric vehicle self-equalizing operation principles is to be mainly based upon in the groundwork of a kind of being called as " dynamic stability " (Dynamic Stabil i zat ion), namely the self-equalizing ability of vehicle itself.With built-in accurate solid-state gyroscope (Sol id-State Gyroscopes), judge the residing posture state of wheel, see through central microprocessor accurate and high speed and calculate after suitable instruction, drive motor is accomplished the effect of balance.
Self-balance electric vehicle on market comprises single-wheel Self-balance electric vehicle.Single-wheel Self-balance electric vehicle is the Self-balance electric vehicle only being supported by a wheel.At present, single-wheel Self-balance electric vehicle is because its bodily form is small and exquisite, easy to carry, the advantage of environmental protection and energy saving is liked by very in market.But existing single-wheel Self-balance electric vehicle has following shortcoming on market: there is no the seat of ride comfort, user is when travelling at a distance, and stance is after increasing function of human body consumption for a long time.
Utility model content
For defect and the deficiency of prior art, the utility model proposes a kind of single-wheel Self-balance electric vehicle with comfortable seat and can reduce and when user takes, be subject to road surface factor on handling the impact of car body balance.
The technical solution of the utility model is achieved in that
A single-wheel Self-balance electric vehicle, comprising:
Wheel hub, wheel hub is provided with driving control system, power-supply system and power system, electrical connection drive hub motion mutually between described power-supply system, power system, driving control system three, being power-supply system provides electric power support for power system and driving control system, power system is that travelling of battery-driven car is converted into power by electric power, and the size of the power of driving control system control is simultaneously controlled the moving velocity of battery-driven car;
Seat, comprise cushion, cushion support and be arranged on cushion and cushion support between cushion buffer substrate tablet, described cushion and cushion support are fixed together, cushion support is fixed on shutter support, shutter support is fixed on car body bracing frame, and car body bracing frame is fixed on wheel hub.
Seat is connected on shutter support, beginner can be seated and learn to drive, and is more conducive to the balance and coordination of car load operation, makes to drive originally more comfortable and simple; By integrated driving control system, power-supply system and power system on wheel hub, effectively improved vehicle body space degree of utilization, make the structure of battery-driven car more compact, improved portability.
Preferably, described power-supply system and driving control system are placed on the electric-controlled box the inside of a waterproof, and electric-controlled box is connected on permanent magnet AC reducing motor shell.
Preferably, described electric-controlled box comprises automatically controlled lid and automatically controlled box body, and when automatically controlled lid and automatically controlled box body close, press seal circle, reaches sealing effectiveness; Described electric-controlled box is covered with signal input adapter, described signal input adapter is connected with drive plate, described automatically controlled box body is divided into power supply space and electronic circuit space, the outer end in power supply space is established removably and is sealed up a door, seal up a door and be provided with main charging port, power-supply system is from the described turnover of sealing up a door, and the outer end in electronic circuit space is provided with source switch.
Preferably; power-supply system is placed in described power supply space, and described power-supply system is battery case, and battery case is divided into battery box and battery case lid; placing battery and battery balanced fender in battery box, battery box one end is provided with handgrip, inferior charging port, electric current output interface.
Preferably, driving control system is placed in described electronic circuit space, described driving control system comprises for receiving the people of described sensing system feedback and the microprocessor that gross vehicle body mass axis variable signal is also analyzed, and motor-drive circuit, described microprocessor and motor-drive circuit drive on control desk at same; Described driving circuit is connected with the electric current output interface signal of described battery case.
Preferably, described car body bracing frame is provided with the capping of electronic gyroscope, described capping is provided with transducing signal output adapter, described transducing signal output adapter is connected with electronic gyroscope, described transducing signal input adapter and transducing signal output adapter link together, described capping and described electric-controlled box cover tightly and press together, and by seal ring, are sealed.
Preferably, on described wheel hub, be arranged with flat tire, by the tire of sheathed platypelloid type on wheel hub, increased the area of contact with road surface, improved stability and the self-balancing ability of battery-driven car; Described wheel hub both sides connection body bracing frame.
Preferably, described power system comprises permanent magnet AC reducing motor, and described permanent magnet AC reducing motor is placed on described wheel hub and by rotor shaft and described wheel hub and is in transmission connection, and the stator axis of permanent magnet AC reducing motor both sides is connected with car body bracing frame.
Preferably, described car body bracing frame is provided with sensing system, comprise that described electronic gyroscope is located in car body bracing frame and near vehicle body focus point place, and is connected with described driving control system signal for detection of the electronic gyroscope of people and the variation of gross vehicle body mass axis.
Preferably, above-mentioned single-wheel Self-balance electric vehicle also comprises battery-driven car handrail, described battery-driven car handrail comprises the first aluminium bar, the second aluminium bar, aluminium bar fixed mount, perpendicular handle and perpendicular to the cross handle of perpendicular handle both sides, one end that described perpendicular handle is connected with cross handle and the upper end of described the first aluminium bar are fixed together, the upper end of the lower end of described the first aluminium bar and described the second aluminium bar removably connects, the lower end of described the second aluminium bar and described aluminium bar fixed mount upper end are fixed, and described aluminium bar fixed mount lower end and described car body bracing frame are fixed.
Compared with prior art, enforcement the beneficial effects of the utility model are the technical solution of the utility model:
1, be provided with seat and take for people, avoid standing for a long time handling physical function is brought to high strength pressure, be provided with cushion buffer substrate tablet simultaneously, the manipulation impact of having avoided road surface factor to produce user;
2, integrated power supply system, power system, driving control system on the idle space of wheel hub, make body structure compact, improves wheel hub space availability ratio;
3, electric-controlled box mechanism is unique, and the outer end in power supply space is established removably and sealed up a door, and seals up a door and is provided with main charging port, can realize the quick handling of battery case and realize the quick function of exchange of battery;
4, adopt compact seat designs attractive in appearance, do not lose Portability, more improved learnability and the stability of single-wheel self-balancing trolley;
5, adopt the handrail of perpendicular handle and cross handle to take into account design, driver uses two cross handles in perpendicular handle left and right, the handgrip moment moment arm of increase, performance when more can improve dolly turning; Standing when driving, the perpendicular handle in the middle of driver can use, right-hand man or the singlehanded moment producing are very little, and battery-driven car is therefore unbalance stress and unbalance not; By handrail, control direction and make the steadiness of battery-driven car higher, production cost is also low; Both beautiful and practical;
Scheme described in the utility model can allow the user no matter be to stand to drive, or the driving that is seated, and can very cosily control dolly.And the utility model total weight is controlled at below 20 kilograms, greatly promote Portability; Owing to only having a wheel, friction force significantly reduces.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the utility model embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art, to the accompanying drawing of required use in embodiment or description of the Prior Art be briefly described below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only embodiment more of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skills, do not paying under the prerequisite of creative work, can also obtain according to these accompanying drawings other accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of an embodiment of single-wheel Self-balance electric vehicle of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of seat bracket of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of wheel hub of the present utility model and subsystem thereof;
Fig. 4 is car body bracing frame of the present utility model and motor connecting structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is electric-controlled box structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of handrail of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment is only the utility model part embodiment, rather than whole embodiment.Embodiment based in the utility model, those of ordinary skills are not making the every other embodiment obtaining under creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of the utility model protection.
A kind of single-wheel Self-balance electric vehicle as shown in Figure 1, comprises seat 1, wheel hub 2, car body bracing frame 3, handrail 9.
Seat comprises cushion 11 as described in Figure 2, cushion buffer substrate tablet 12, and cushion support 13, described cushion 11 is fixed together with cushion support 13, cushion support 13 is fixed on shutter support 14, shutter support 14 is fixed on car body bracing frame 3, and described car body bracing frame 3 comprises the first bracing frame 31 and the second bracing frame 32 that is fixed on wheel hub 2 both sides.When travel in poor flatness road surface time, the fluctuating meeting of vehicle body is passed to human body by wheel hub, causes human body shake, centre of body weight to be difficult to control, for avoiding this phenomenon, the utility model adopts cushion buffer substrate tablet that the factor of the existence impact on center of gravity is reduced.
Described wheel hub 2 is provided with driving control system 4, power-supply system 5 and power system 6, electrical connection mutually between described driving control system 4, power-supply system 5, power system 6 threes; Three system integrations are greatly saved on wheel hub to the space of car body, make vehicle body smaller and more exquisite, be beneficial to carry and deposit.
As shown in Figure 4, described power system 6 comprises permanent magnet AC reducing motor 61, described motor 61 is placed on described wheel hub 2 and by rotor shaft 62 and described wheel hub 2 and is in transmission connection, the stator axis 63 of motor 61 1 sides is connected with the first bracing frame 31, and the stator axis 64 of electric 61 machine opposite sides is connected with the second bracing frame 32.
As shown in Figure 4, described car body bracing frame 31 is provided with sensing system 8, comprise the electronic gyroscope 81 for detection of people and the variation of gross vehicle body mass axis, a described electronic gyroscope 81 car body bracing frame 31 located therein is interior near vehicle body focus point place, and is connected with described driving control system 4 signals.
As shown in Figure 5, described power-supply system 5 and driving control system 4 are placed on electric-controlled box 7 the insides of a waterproof, and 7 of electric-controlled boxes are connected on motor 61.
As shown in Figure 5, described electric-controlled box 7 comprises automatically controlled lid 71 and automatically controlled box body 72, and when automatically controlled lid 71 and automatically controlled box body 72 close, press seal circle 73, reaches sealing effectiveness; In described automatically controlled box body 72, establish a dividing plate, dividing plate is divided into power supply space and electronic circuit space inside, the outer end in power supply space is established one and is removably sealed up a door 78, seal up a door and 78 be provided with main charging port 79, power-supply system 5 is from described 78 turnover of sealing up a door, and the outer end in electronic circuit space is provided with the source switch 70 of controlling power-supply system power supply.
Driving control system 4 is placed in electronic circuit space in above-mentioned, described driving control system 4 comprises that one for receiving the people of described sensing system 8 feedbacks and the microprocessor that gross vehicle body mass axis variable signal is also analyzed, and motor-drive circuit, described microprocessor and motor-drive circuit drive on control desk 41 at same.
As shown in Figure 5, described automatically controlled lid 71 is provided with a signal input adapter 82, described switching first 82 is connected with driving control desk 41, described car body bracing frame 31 is provided with gyroscope capping 85, described capping 85 is provided with transducing signal output adapter 83, and described adapter 83 is connected with electronic gyroscope 31, and described adapter 82 and adapter 83 press and be combined, institute's gyroscope capping of telling 85 is pressed and is combined with described automatically controlled lid 71, by seal ring 84, is sealed.Each connector is connected with socket form, makes interface be difficult for dislocation, connects tightlyer, prevents from being subject to moist weather effect, and speed and the efficiency of assembling can improve production time.
As shown in Figure 5; power-supply system 5 is placed in described power supply space; described power-supply system 5 is a battery case 51; placing battery and battery balanced fender in battery case; battery case 51 one end are provided with handgrip, inferior charging port, power output interface, and described power output interface is connected with driving control desk 41.Battery case independent design, realizes the fast quick-mounting of battery and gets, and battery case takes out can be charged in advance.
As shown in Figure 6, battery-driven car in sum also comprises the battery-driven car handrail 9 being arranged on car body bracing frame 3, described battery-driven car handrail 9 comprises the first plumbous bar 91, the second aluminium bar 92, aluminium bar fixed mount 93, perpendicular handle 94 and cross handle 95, one end that described perpendicular handle 94 is connected with cross handle 95 and the upper end of described the first aluminium bar 91 are fixed together, the upper end of the lower end of described the first aluminium bar 91 and described the second aluminium bar 92 removably connects, the lower end of described the second aluminium bar 92 and described aluminium bar fixed mount 93 upper ends are fixed, described aluminium bar fixed mount 93 lower ends and described car body bracing frame 31, 32 boom is fixed.Handrail and car body support frame structure are simple, easily install, and install rear tight being connected, and make the firm safety of complete vehicle structure, are difficult for breaking.
User is when operation battery-driven car described in the utility model, first be sitting on seat, the two hand steered handles of setting about, forward lean, now the sensing system of battery-driven car senses gravity center of human body forward, driving governor is according to transducing signal, calculate the needed speed forward that keeps one's balance, then driving governor sends and drives signal to power system, and the motor of power system Spin-up provides moment that can balance vehicle body simultaneously, and battery-driven car carries people and moves forward.In operational process, if user's centre of body weight is got back to vertical direction, or inclined in opposite directions, sensing system is passed signal back to driving governor, driving governor sends and drives signal to power system, and the motor of power system direction rotation slows down, until battery-driven car stops.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not in order to limit the utility model; all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any modification of doing, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a single-wheel Self-balance electric vehicle, is characterized in that, comprising:
Wheel hub, wheel hub is provided with driving control system, power-supply system and power system, electrical connection drive hub motion mutually between described power-supply system, power system, driving control system three;
Seat, comprise cushion, cushion support and be arranged on cushion and cushion support between cushion buffer substrate tablet, described cushion and cushion support are fixed together, cushion support is fixed on shutter support, shutter support is fixed on car body bracing frame, and car body bracing frame is fixed on wheel hub.
2. single-wheel Self-balance electric vehicle according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described power-supply system and driving control system are placed on the electric-controlled box the inside of waterproof, and described electric-controlled box is connected on permanent magnet AC reducing motor.
3. single-wheel Self-balance electric vehicle according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described electric-controlled box comprises automatically controlled lid and automatically controlled box body, and when automatically controlled lid and automatically controlled box body close, press seal circle, reaches sealing effectiveness; Described electric-controlled box is covered with signal input adapter, described signal input adapter is connected with drive plate, described automatically controlled box body is divided into power supply space and electronic circuit space, the outer end in power supply space is established removably and is sealed up a door, seal up a door and be provided with main charging port, power-supply system is from the described turnover of sealing up a door, and the outer end in electronic circuit space is provided with source switch.
4. single-wheel Self-balance electric vehicle according to claim 3; it is characterized in that; power-supply system is placed in described power supply space; described power-supply system is battery case; battery case is divided into battery box and battery case lid; placing battery and battery balanced fender in battery box, battery box one end is provided with handgrip, inferior charging port, electric current output interface.
5. single-wheel Self-balance electric vehicle according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, driving control system is placed in described electronic circuit space, described driving control system comprises the microprocessor for receiving described sensing system feedback people and gross vehicle body mass axis variable signal and being analyzed, and motor-drive circuit, described microprocessor and motor-drive circuit drive on control desk at same; Described driving control desk is connected with the electric current output interface of described battery case.
6. single-wheel Self-balance electric vehicle according to claim 1, is characterized in that, is arranged with flat tire on described wheel hub, and wheel hub both sides are fixed with the first car body bracing frame and the second car body bracing frame that forms car body bracing frame.
7. single-wheel Self-balance electric vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described power system comprises permanent magnet AC reducing motor, described permanent magnet AC reducing motor is placed on described wheel hub and by rotor shaft and described wheel hub and is in transmission connection, the stator axis of described permanent magnet AC reducing motor one side is connected with described the first car body bracing frame, and the stator axis of described permanent magnet AC reducing motor opposite side is connected with described the second car body bracing frame.
8. according to the single-wheel Self-balance electric vehicle described in claim 1 or 7 any one, it is characterized in that, described car body bracing frame is provided with sensing system, described sensing system comprises the electronic gyroscope for detection of people and the variation of gross vehicle body mass axis, described electronic gyroscope is located in described car body bracing frame and near vehicle body focus point place, and is connected with described driving control system signal.
9. according to the single-wheel Self-balance electric vehicle described in claim 1 or 5 any one, it is characterized in that, described car body bracing frame is provided with the capping of electronic gyroscope, described capping is provided with transducing signal output adapter, described transducing signal output adapter is connected with electronic gyroscope, described transducing signal input adapter and transducing signal output adapter link together, and described capping and described electric-controlled box cover tightly to press together by seal ring and seal.
10. single-wheel Self-balance electric vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise battery-driven car handrail, described battery-driven car handrail comprises the first aluminium bar, the second aluminium bar, aluminium bar fixed mount, perpendicular handle and perpendicular to the cross handle of perpendicular handle both sides, one end that described perpendicular handle is connected with cross handle and the upper end of described the first aluminium bar are fixed together, the upper end of the lower end of described the first aluminium bar and described the second aluminium bar removably connects, the lower end of described the second aluminium bar is fixedly connected with described aluminium bar fixed mount upper end, described aluminium bar fixed mount lower end is fixedly connected with described car body bracing frame.
CN201420096974.XU 2014-03-05 2014-03-05 Single-wheel self-balancing electric vehicle Expired - Fee Related CN203902775U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420096974.XU CN203902775U (en) 2014-03-05 2014-03-05 Single-wheel self-balancing electric vehicle

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104670391A (en) * 2015-03-18 2015-06-03 济南大学 Electric wheelbarrow
CN104890783A (en) * 2015-05-20 2015-09-09 上海战诚电子科技有限公司 Electric unicycle with detachable handle
CN105329374A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-02-17 无锡康斯坦特动力科技有限公司 Sunshade balancing unicycle
CN105329376A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-02-17 无锡康斯坦特动力科技有限公司 Self-cooling balancing unicycle

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104670391A (en) * 2015-03-18 2015-06-03 济南大学 Electric wheelbarrow
CN104890783A (en) * 2015-05-20 2015-09-09 上海战诚电子科技有限公司 Electric unicycle with detachable handle
CN105329374A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-02-17 无锡康斯坦特动力科技有限公司 Sunshade balancing unicycle
CN105329376A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-02-17 无锡康斯坦特动力科技有限公司 Self-cooling balancing unicycle

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141029

Termination date: 20150305

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