CN203897026U - Fodder bucket capable of keeping fodder at high position and special for breeding grown ducks - Google Patents

Fodder bucket capable of keeping fodder at high position and special for breeding grown ducks Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203897026U
CN203897026U CN201420303513.5U CN201420303513U CN203897026U CN 203897026 U CN203897026 U CN 203897026U CN 201420303513 U CN201420303513 U CN 201420303513U CN 203897026 U CN203897026 U CN 203897026U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fodder
feed
staving
duck
base
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201420303513.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋敏训
李桂明
林树乾
杨晓慧
曹顶国
韩海霞
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Poultry Research Institute Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Poultry Research Institute Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Priority to CN201420303513.5U priority Critical patent/CN203897026U/en
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Abstract

A fodder bucket capable of keeping fodder at a high position and special for breeding grown ducks comprises a bucket body with an upper end opening, a vertically-arranged guiding pillar is fixedly connected to the middle of the bottom of the bucket body, the middle of a fodder containing plate arranged in the bucket body is tightly and movably arranged on the outer side of the guiding pillar in a sleeved mode, the edge of the fodder containing plate is in tight butt joint with the inner wall of the bucket body, a plurality of vertical springs are arranged between the fodder containing plate and the bottom of the bucket body, a plurality of locating protruding blocks are arranged on the lower portion of the inner wall of the bucket body, a plurality of ventilation holes are formed in the bottom plate of the bucket body, and an inverted-frustum-shaped fodder receiving barrel wide in top and narrow in bottom is arranged on the outer side of the bucket body in a sleeved mode. The fodder bucket capable of keeping the fodder at the high position and special for breeding the grown ducks is reasonable in structural design, the fodder in the fodder bucket can be at the position close to the height of the necks of the duck heads all the time, the process that the ducks lower the heads to peck the fodder from the lower portion and lift the heads is omitted, and the probability of wasting the fodder in the eating process of the ducks is reduced. Meanwhile, leaked fodder is prevented from being treaded by the ducks and polluted by faeces, the fodder can be recycled and saved, and the probability of crosswise propagating of diseases is greatly reduced.

Description

A kind of feed that keeps is in the high-order special charging basket of incubation duck
Technical field:
The utility model relates to a kind of feed that keeps in the high-order special charging basket of incubation duck.
Background technology:
At present, be mainly divided into following several: one is microscler hopper for the utensil of searching for food that is bred as duck, this hopper duck easily claws material while searching for food, if the online flat feed of supporting can directly be pecked and fall earthward, causes very large waste; Support if ground is flat, feed drops on ground can be blended in one with excrement, bedding and padding, if duck continues to search for food, may cause cross-infection; Another kind is a large charging tray, a feed basin is put in top, when duck pecks at like this, from feed basin, unrestrained feed can directly be fallen on charging tray, and this kind of device reduced feed waste to a certain extent, but is difficult to avoid the lower duck of charging tray draw excrement on top or trample feed and cause food pollution.In addition, because duck does not have tooth, cannot swallow by chewing to mix, feed is shoveled in mouth with beak but first bow while searching for food, then come back and swallow by Action of Gravity Field, due to the characteristic of twitching one's mouth of duck, in the shovel of bowing is expected the process of new line, have a lot of feeds and spill from mouth, and above several utensils all need duck first to bow to come back just to search for food again, this is also the main cause of duck waste feed while searching for food.
Utility model content:
The utility model is in order to make up the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of feed that keeps in the high-order special charging basket of incubation duck, its reasonable in design, can make feed in charging basket all the time in the close position of duck Head and Neck height, avoid duck to bow and pecked at from below to the process coming back, reduce the search for food chance of waste feed in process of duck, simultaneously, avoid the feed spilling to be subject to trampling of duck and fecal pollution, feed can be recycled, not only save feed, and greatly reduce the chance of disease horizontal transmission, problems of the prior art are solved.
The utility model for solving the problems of the technologies described above adopted technical scheme is:
A kind of feed that keeps is in the high-order special charging basket of incubation duck, comprise the staving that a upper end open arranges, in the middle of staving bottom, be fixed with a lead vertically arranging, one middle part that is located at the charge plate in staving is closely movably set in lead outside, the edge of charge plate and inner wall of barrel tight butt mutually, between charge plate and staving bottom, be provided with several uprighting springs, be provided with several locating convex blocks in inner wall of barrel bottom, on the base plate of staving, be provided with several ventilation holes, be arranged with an inversed taper platform shape wide at the top and narrow at the bottom cylinder that connects material in staving outside, staving bottom shelf is located on several supporting lugs of a lower inside that connects material, in staving bottom and connect material and form several material spilling holes between cylinder, the connect material bottom of cylinder is arranged on a top that connects material base, a material spilling hole of bottom that connects material is relative with the material receiving port position of the base top that connects material, in the cavity connecting material in base, be provided with a feed retracting device being positioned at below material receiving port.
Described feed retracting device is one to be actively plugged in the drawer that connects material that is positioned at material receiving port below in the cavity connecting material in base.
Described feed retracting device comprises that one is located at the recovery funnel that is positioned at material receiving port below in the cavity connecting material in base, the spout of funnel that reclaims funnel bottom is connected with one end of a reclaim line, the other end of reclaim line passes the base that connects material and extends staving inside top, is provided with one and is arranged on a negative pressure pump in outside that connects material in reclaim line.
Bottom staving, the position of each supporting lug of a corresponding lower inside that connects material is respectively equipped with a draw-in groove, and each supporting lug is installed on respectively in the draw-in groove of each self-corresponding staving bottom.
Described number of springs is three, and three springs are along the circumferential direction evenly arranged on lead outside centered by lead.
Described staving is a transparent staving.
The utility model adopts such scheme, reasonable in design, can make feed in charging basket all the time in the close position of duck Head and Neck height, avoid duck to bow and pecked at from below to the process coming back, reduce the search for food chance of waste feed in process of duck, simultaneously, the sheathed cylinder that connects material outside staving, the drawer that connects material of movable plug-in mounting is set in the base that connects material below the cylinder that connects material, avoid the duck feed spilling in process of searching for food to be subject to trampling of duck and fecal pollution, and feed can be recycled, not only save feed, and greatly reduce the chance of disease horizontal transmission.
Brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 1.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 2.
Fig. 3 is the A-A cross-sectional schematic in Fig. 1.
In figure, 1, staving, 2, lead, 3, charge plate, 4, spring, 5, locating convex block, 6, ventilation hole, 7, the cylinder that connects material, 8, supporting lug, 9, material spilling hole, 10, the base that connects material, 11, material receiving port, 12, the drawer that connects material, 13, draw-in groove, 14, reclaim funnel, 15, reclaim line, 16, negative pressure pump.
Embodiment:
For clearly demonstrating the technical characterstic of this programme, below by embodiment, and in conjunction with its accompanying drawing, the utility model is elaborated.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in figures 1 and 3, a kind of feed that keeps is in the high-order special charging basket of incubation duck, comprise the staving 1 that a upper end open arranges, in the middle of staving 1 bottom, be fixed with a lead 2 vertically arranging, one middle part that is located at the charge plate 3 in staving 1 is closely movably set in lead 2 outsides, the edge of charge plate 3 and staving 1 inwall tight butt mutually, between charge plate 3 and staving 1 bottom, be provided with several uprighting springs 4, be provided with several locating convex blocks 5 in staving 1 inwall bottom, on the base plate of staving 1, be provided with several ventilation holes 6, be arranged with in staving 1 outside an inversed taper platform shape wide at the top and narrow at the bottom connect material cylinder 7, staving 1 bottom shelf is located on several supporting lugs 8 of cylinder 7 lower inside that connect material, form several material spilling holes 9 in staving 1 bottom and the cylinder that connects material between 7, cylinder 7 the bottom that connects material is arranged on a top that connects material base 10, connect material cylinder 7 bottoms material spilling hole 9 relative with material receiving port 11 positions at base 10 tops that connect material, in the cavity connecting material in base 10, be provided with a feed retracting device being positioned at below material receiving port 11.
Described feed retracting device is one to be actively plugged in the drawer 12 that connects material that is positioned at material receiving port 11 belows in the cavity connecting material in base 10.
Be respectively equipped with a draw-in groove 13 in the connect material position of each supporting lug 8 of cylinder 7 lower inside of staving 1 bottom correspondence, each supporting lug 8 is installed on respectively in the draw-in groove 13 of each self-corresponding staving 1 bottom, can ensure that staving 1 is more reliable and more stable what connect material and set up in cylinder 7, while avoiding duck to search for food, do staving 1, impact is searched for food.
Described spring 4 quantity are three, and three springs 4 are along the circumferential direction evenly arranged on lead 2 outsides centered by lead 2, can ensure that charge plate 3 is reliable and stable in lifting process.
Described staving 1 is a transparent staving, can observe the compression degree of spring 4 and the height of staving 1 interior feed.
When use, feed is poured on the charge plate 3 in staving 1, under the effect of feed gravity, charge plate 3 just can move down along lead 2 by Compress Spring 4, in the time that charge plate 3 moves to locating convex block 5 position, charge plate 3 stop motions under the barrier effect of locating convex block 5, the top of feed is positioned at the open top position of staving 1, now, stop adding feed.When incubation duck searches for food, can search for food without the bowing feed at staving 1 top, along with feed on the interior charge plate 3 of staving 1 constantly reduces, the weight of feed constantly alleviates, under the effect of spring 4, charge plate 3 just can drive feed constantly to rise, make feed edible for being bred as duck in the open-topped position of staving 1 all the time, avoid duck to bow and pecked at from below to the process coming back, reduce the search for food chance of waste feed in process of duck, not only save feed, and greatly reduced the chance of disease horizontal transmission.The sheathed cylinder 7 that connects material in staving 1 outside, the interior drawer 12 that connects material that movable plug-in mounting is set of the base 10 that connects material below the cylinder 7 that connects material, duck swallows the feed a part spilling in process, can fall into and connect material in cylinder 7, then fall into through material receiving port 11 drawer 12 that connects material connecting material in base 10 by several material spilling holes 9 that form between cylinder 7 and staving 1 bottom that connect material, people can extract from the base 10 that connects material is interior the drawer 12 that connects material that fills feed out at interval of a period of time, then the feed connecting material in drawer 12 is poured in staving 1 again, edible for being bred as duck, both avoided the feed to spilling to pollute, can carry out recycling to these feeds again, reduce waste, save feeding cost.
Embodiment 2:
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, the difference part of this embodiment and embodiment 1 is: described feed retracting device comprises that one is located at the recovery funnel 14 that is positioned at material receiving port 11 belows in the cavity connecting material in base 10, the spout of funnel that reclaims funnel 14 bottoms is connected with one end of a reclaim line 15, the other end of reclaim line 15 passes the base 10 that connects material and extends staving 1 inside top, in reclaim line 15, be provided with one be arranged on connect material cylinder 7 outsides negative pressure pump 16.
Duck swallows the feed a part spilling in process, can fall into and connect material in cylinder 7, then fall into through material receiving port 11 the recovery funnel 14 connecting material in base 10 by several material spilling holes 9 that form between cylinder 7 and staving 1 bottom that connect material, people can start negative pressure pump 16 at interval of a period of time, negative pressure pump 16 can be by the feed in recovery funnel 14 in reclaim line 15 sucks staving 1 again, edible for being bred as duck, both avoided the feed to spilling to pollute, can carry out recycling to these feeds again, reduce waste, saved feeding cost.
By several groups of test datas, maintenance feed of the present utility model is contrasted in the high-order special charging basket of incubation duck and traditional charging basket below:
(1) select the combination of long hopper, feed basin charging tray, feed the contrast of feeding of chicken charging tray and the utility model device.Choose the inapparent father and mother of body weight difference in 6 week age for 2000 of cherry valley duck ducks, be divided into 4 processing, 500 of each processing.Each processing is divided into 5 repetitions, 100 ducks of each repetition.Conventional feeding and management, ground is flat supports, free choice feeding.The identical feed of all feeding of full phase of each group; Weigh weekly residual feed in charging basket, calculate feed consumption rate.Each feeding duration hopper cannot be collected the feed of waste with hello chicken charging tray group, can only count feed consumption rate as the feed of waste; When the surplus material of feed basin charging tray combinatorial weighing, count the material in charging tray and feed basin simultaneously, put aside that the pollution of the large charging tray in outside is as the feed that can search for food for duck; The feed collection around in the time of each fracture of the utility model device is carried out next round and is fed intake.The feed consumption rate of adding up for 6 weekends at weekend to 14, the results are shown in Table 1.
The flat foster the utility model device in table 1 ground and conventional feeding device are on being bred as the impact of duck feed consumption rate
? Long hopper The combination of feed basin charging tray Feed chicken charging tray This device
Average daily material consumption 41.29±1.75a 39.44±1.41ab 40.40±1.59ab 38.09±2.00b
As can be seen from the results, the average daily material consumption of the utility model device is significantly lower than other device.The utility model device can be saved feed 8.40% (3.2g), 3.54% (1.35g) and 5.72% (2.31g) than conventional feeding device, be every day every duck can save 1.35~3.2g material, taking 100,000 duck fields as example, only finishing period (4 weeks-18 weeks) the 98 day time just can be saved feed 1323~3136kg feed to every batch of duck.According to statistics, only Shandong Province delivers 1,400,000,000 of meat ducks for 2014 for sale, if just have this utility model device of 1/10 use to have considerable economic benefit.
(2) because all carrying out great amount of investment, modern large-scale cultivation field built the online flat meat duck facility of supporting; which have well-ventilated, cultivation density high, avoid the advantages such as fecal pollution; once but feed drop off the net just with ight soil mix, cannot utilize, cause feed waste serious.So the utility model has carried out the online flat test of supporting, the feed consumption rate of adding up equally for 6 weekends at weekend to 14 and average daily gain, the results are shown in Table 2.
Table 2 is flat foster the utility model device and the impact of conventional feeding device on incubation duck feed consumption rate on the net
? Long hopper The combination of feed basin charging tray Feed chicken charging tray This device
Average daily material consumption 41.55±1.53a 39.50±1.55ab 40.91±2.75a 38.13±1.35b
As can be seen from the results, the average daily material consumption of the utility model device is significantly lower than other device.When online flat supporting, the utility model device can be saved feed 8.99% (3.43g), 3.59% (1.37g) and 7.30% (2.78g) than conventional feeding device, and potential economic benefit is huge.
In sum, adopt maintenance feed of the present utility model in the high-order special charging basket of incubation duck, reasonable in design, can make feed in charging basket all the time in the close position of duck Head and Neck height, avoid duck to bow and pecked at from below to the process coming back, reduce the search for food chance of waste feed in process of duck, simultaneously, the sheathed cylinder that connects material outside staving, the drawer that connects material of movable plug-in mounting is set in the base that connects material below the cylinder that connects material, avoid the duck feed spilling in process of searching for food to be subject to trampling of duck and fecal pollution, and feed can be recycled, not only save feed, and greatly reduce the chance of disease horizontal transmission.
The utility model does not describe part in detail, is those skilled in the art of the present technique's known technology.

Claims (6)

1. one kind keeps feed in the high-order special charging basket of incubation duck, it is characterized in that: comprise the staving that a upper end open arranges, in the middle of staving bottom, be fixed with a lead vertically arranging, one middle part that is located at the charge plate in staving is closely movably set in lead outside, the edge of charge plate and inner wall of barrel tight butt mutually, between charge plate and staving bottom, be provided with several uprighting springs, be provided with several locating convex blocks in inner wall of barrel bottom, on the base plate of staving, be provided with several ventilation holes, be arranged with an inversed taper platform shape wide at the top and narrow at the bottom cylinder that connects material in staving outside, staving bottom shelf is located on several supporting lugs of a lower inside that connects material, in staving bottom and connect material and form several material spilling holes between cylinder, the connect material bottom of cylinder is arranged on a top that connects material base, a material spilling hole of bottom that connects material is relative with the material receiving port position of the base top that connects material, in the cavity connecting material in base, be provided with a feed retracting device being positioned at below material receiving port.
2. a kind of feed that keeps according to claim 1, in the high-order special charging basket of incubation duck, is characterized in that: described feed retracting device is one to be actively plugged in the drawer that connects material that is positioned at material receiving port below in the cavity connecting material in base.
3. a kind of feed that keeps according to claim 1 is in the high-order special charging basket of incubation duck, it is characterized in that: described feed retracting device comprises that one is located at the recovery funnel that is positioned at material receiving port below in the cavity connecting material in base, the spout of funnel that reclaims funnel bottom is connected with one end of a reclaim line, the other end of reclaim line passes the base that connects material and extends staving inside top, is provided with one and is arranged on a negative pressure pump in outside that connects material in reclaim line.
According to a kind of feed that keeps described in claim 1,2 or 3 in the high-order special charging basket of incubation duck, it is characterized in that: bottom staving, the position of each supporting lug of a corresponding lower inside that connects material is respectively equipped with a draw-in groove, each supporting lug is installed on respectively in the draw-in groove of each self-corresponding staving bottom.
According to a kind of feed that keeps described in claim 1,2 or 3 in the high-order special charging basket of incubation duck, it is characterized in that: described number of springs is three, three springs are along the circumferential direction evenly arranged on lead outside centered by lead.
6. a kind of feed that keeps according to claim 1, in the high-order special charging basket of incubation duck, is characterized in that: described staving is a transparent staving.
CN201420303513.5U 2014-06-09 2014-06-09 Fodder bucket capable of keeping fodder at high position and special for breeding grown ducks Withdrawn - After Issue CN203897026U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420303513.5U CN203897026U (en) 2014-06-09 2014-06-09 Fodder bucket capable of keeping fodder at high position and special for breeding grown ducks

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420303513.5U CN203897026U (en) 2014-06-09 2014-06-09 Fodder bucket capable of keeping fodder at high position and special for breeding grown ducks

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103988791A (en) * 2014-06-09 2014-08-20 山东省农业科学院家禽研究所 Feed bucket special for breeding ducks and capable of keeping feed at high position

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103988791A (en) * 2014-06-09 2014-08-20 山东省农业科学院家禽研究所 Feed bucket special for breeding ducks and capable of keeping feed at high position
CN103988791B (en) * 2014-06-09 2015-09-09 山东省农业科学院家禽研究所 A kind of feed that keeps is in the high-order special charging basket of incubation duck

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20141029

Effective date of abandoning: 20150909

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Granted publication date: 20141029

Effective date of abandoning: 20150909

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