CN203896833U - Tobacco topping device - Google Patents

Tobacco topping device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203896833U
CN203896833U CN201420288151.7U CN201420288151U CN203896833U CN 203896833 U CN203896833 U CN 203896833U CN 201420288151 U CN201420288151 U CN 201420288151U CN 203896833 U CN203896833 U CN 203896833U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pinching
crane
tobacco
fork
back timber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420288151.7U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
崔国良
梶昌幸
韩玉民
刘方舟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Beijing Jinriliangji Science & Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Beijing Jinriliangji Science & Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Beijing Jinriliangji Science & Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Beijing Jinriliangji Science & Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201420288151.7U priority Critical patent/CN203896833U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203896833U publication Critical patent/CN203896833U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a tobacco topping device which is installed on a gantry type field work vehicle. The tobacco topping device comprises a topping tool bit and a lifting frame. The rear end of the lifting frame is installed on a gantry top beam of the gantry type field work vehicle, and the front end of the lifting frame swings up and down. The topping tool bit is installed at the front end of the lifting frame, and the lower end of the topping tool bit is provided with a rotating topping cutter. The rotating axis of the topping cutter is perpendicular to the ground. The lifting frame is of a four-bar linkage structure, and the rotating axis of the topping cutter keeps unchanged when the front end of the lifting frame swings up and down. The tobacco topping device has the advantages that field mechanical topping and trimming of tobacco plants are achieved when the tobacco topping device is matched with the gantry type field work vehicle; the height of the cutter can be conveniently adjusted, operation is convenient, circulation quality can be ensured, and cultivation efficiency can be remarkably improved.

Description

One Top-pruning device that grows tobacco
Technical field
The utility model belongs to tobacco planting machinery, relates in particular to the Top-pruning device that grows tobacco.
Background technology
In tobacco planting process, the field management of tobacco is comprised the tobacco plant pruning of pinching.Current tobacco is pinched to prune generally to adopt and manually carries power and cut and operate, and labour intensity is large, prunes efficiency low.General farm machinery cannot enter field and prune operation; Planer-type field operating vehicle can enter cigarette seedling field and carry out operation, but also lacks the supporting with it mechanical device that is applicable to tobacco plant pruning.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to propose a technical scheme that grows tobacco Top-pruning device; Make the field cut operation of tobacco realize mechanized operation.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution of the utility model is: the Top-pruning device that grows tobacco, be arranged on planer-type field operating vehicle, and comprise the cutter head of pinching, crane; The rear end of described crane is arranged on gantry back timber of described planer-type field operating vehicle, and the front end of crane swings up and down; The described cutter head of pinching is arranged on the front end of crane, and the lower end of the cutter head of pinching is provided with the cutter of pinching of rotation.
Further, described in, pinch the rotation of cutter perpendicular to ground; Described crane is the crane of four-bar linkage structure, and the rotation of the cutter of pinching when the front end of crane swings up and down remains unchanged.
Further, described crane drives hydraulic oil cylinder driving front end to swing up and down by crane.
Further, the cutter head of pinching described in is provided with the hydraulic motor that drives the cutter rotation of pinching.
Further, the field operating vehicle that described planer-type field operating vehicle is fluid motor-driven.
Further, in order to improve operating efficiency, there is the cutter head of pinching described in three to be arranged on side by side the front end of crane; Adjacent two distances of pinching between cutter head are identical with the spacing of tobacco field ridge.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: coordinate planer-type field operating vehicle, the pruning of pinching of the field machinery of having realized tobacco plant; The height of shear knife is conveniently adjusted, easy to operate, can guarantee cultivating quality, significantly improves farming efficiency.
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model structure chart, and crane is at raised position;
Fig. 2 is the utility model structure chart, and crane is in position, whereabouts;
Fig. 3 is that the A of Fig. 1 is to view;
Fig. 4 is the utility model structure chart that is provided with three cutter heads of pinching.
For graphic simplicity, clearly explain architectural feature of the present utility model, abridged connects the fluid pressure line of gantry landing oil cylinder of planer-type field operating vehicle in the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment
The field machinery of the realizing tobacco plant cut operation of pinching need to possess two conditions: have the dynamic power machine that can enter field farming, have the mechanical device of pruning applicable to tobacco plant.Planer-type field operating vehicle is the dynamic power machine that can enter field farming, the utility model proposes the technical scheme that grow tobacco Top-pruning device supporting with planer-type field operating vehicle.
Fig. 3 as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2,, one Top-pruning device that grows tobacco, be arranged on planer-type field operating vehicle, described planer-type field operating vehicle comprises the planer-type vehicle frame with gantry back timber, described tobacco Top-pruning device comprises the cutter head 10 of pinching, described tobacco Top-pruning device also comprises crane 20, and described crane is the support body that front end swings up and down, and the rear end of crane is arranged on gantry back timber of described planer-type field operating vehicle; The described cutter head of pinching is arranged on the front end of crane, and the lower end of the cutter head of pinching is provided with the cutter 11 of pinching of rotation.
The front end of described crane is provided with the knife rest 21 of pinching, described in the cutter head of pinching be arranged on and pinch on knife rest; Crane is also provided with upper and lower two parallel and isometric forks 22; Described two forks, pinch knife rest and described gantry back timber form a parallel four-bar linkage, and the rear end of described fork and described gantry back timber are hinged, the front end of fork and described in the knife rest of pinching hinged; Fork drives the knife rest of pinching swing up and down, keep the pinching direction of rotation of cutter constant.
Embodiment mono-:
One Top-pruning device that grows tobacco, is arranged on planer-type field operating vehicle 30, and described planer-type field operating vehicle comprises planer-type vehicle frame with gantry back timber, two traveling crawlers 31 corresponding with vehicle frame two ends, gantry column, drives the power set of traveling crawler; The column at planer-type vehicle frame two ends is the lifting columns 33 that drive planer-type frame top rail 32 to move up and down; Described power set comprise by gasoline engine 34, by gasoline engine driven hydraulic pump 35, by the hydraulic motor 36 of hydraulic pump drive.Planer-type field operating vehicle can be walked between the alley in field.Described planer-type field operating vehicle is the field operating vehicle of fluid motor-driven.
Tobacco Top-pruning device comprises the cutter head 10 of pinching, crane 20.
The front end of described crane is provided with the knife rest 21 of pinching, and the crane in the present embodiment is provided with two groups of forks; Every group of fork is provided with upper and lower two parallel and isometric forks 22, two forks of every group, pinch knife rest and a parallel four-bar linkage of gantry back timber formation, the rear end of two groups of forks is hinged at both sides and gantry back timber of described gantry back timber respectively, and the front end of two groups of forks is hinged with the both sides of the described knife rest of pinching respectively.Fork drives the knife rest of pinching to swing up and down.
Crane drives oil cylinder 40 to drive front end to swing up and down by crane; It is hydraulic jack that described crane drives oil cylinder, crane drives that oil cylinder is oblique to be arranged between described gantry back timber and described fork, crane drives cylinder barrel 41 bottoms of oil cylinder to be hinged on the back timber of gantry, and crane drives piston rod 42 tops of oil cylinder to be hinged on a fork that is positioned at top.In the present embodiment, adopt single crane to drive oil cylinder, be arranged on the right side of gantry back timber, as shown in Figure 1.Crane drives the piston rod of oil cylinder in telescopic process, to drive fork to swing.
The described cutter head of pinching is arranged on pinches on knife rest, and the lower end of the cutter head of pinching is provided with the cutter 11 of pinching of rotation; Fork drives the knife rest of pinching to swing up and down, due to the effect of parallel four-bar linkage, the cutter head of pinching swing up and down process in the pinch direction of rotation of cutter remain unchanged.The cutter head of pinching is provided with the hydraulic motor 12 that drives the cutter rotation of pinching.
Hydraulic pump drives hydraulic oil except providing for planer-type field operating vehicle, simultaneously for driving hydraulic motor and the crane of the cutter rotation of pinching to drive oil cylinder that driving hydraulic oil is provided.Connect the hydraulic motor of the cutter head of pinching and the conduit under fluid pressure 50 employing hydraulic hoses of crane driving oil cylinder.
In the present embodiment, the length L=280mm of the fork of crane, the pendulum angle of four connecting rod framework forks is greater than 60 °, and the cutter head displacement in the vertical direction of pinching is greater than 280mm.
The utility model is when work, and planer-type field operating vehicle is walked between the alley of Tobacco Farm, and gantry vehicle frame is crossed over tobacco plant ridge, and the cutter head of pinching is positioned at the top on tobacco plant ridge, and the cutter of pinching of rotation are cut the top of cutting tobacco plant.In operation process, by moving up and down of operation crane front end, adjust the height of the cutter of pinching, control cutting quantity.When being not enough to adjust cutting quantity by moving up and down of operation crane front end, can adjusting by gantry landing oil cylinder 37 of planer-type field operating vehicle the height of gantry frame top rail 32, thereby increase the adjusting range of the cutter of pinching.
Embodiment bis-:
The present embodiment is a kind of improvement to embodiment mono-.
As shown in Figure 3, there are two cranes to drive oil cylinder to be arranged on respectively the left and right sides of gantry back timber, the crane in left side drives the cylinder barrel bottom of oil cylinder to be hinged on the back timber of gantry in left side, and the piston rod top of left side crane driving oil cylinder is hinged in the one group of fork in left side and is positioned on the fork of top.The crane on right side drives the cylinder barrel bottom of oil cylinder to be hinged on the back timber of gantry on right side, and right side crane drives the piston rod top of oil cylinder to be hinged on the fork that is positioned at top in the fork of one group, right side.
The present embodiment adopts two cranes to drive oil cylinder, can make the operation of crane more steadily reliable.
Embodiment tri-:
As Fig. 4, the present embodiment is a kind of expansion to embodiment bis-.
There are three cutter heads of pinching to be arranged on and to pinch on knife rest side by side.Adjacent two distances of pinching between cutter head are identical with the spacing of cigarette seedling meadow ridge; In the present embodiment, the adjacent two distance S=1200mm that pinch between cutter head.
Walking process of tobacco Top-pruning device of the present embodiment can be sheared three ridge cigarette seedlings simultaneously, improves operating efficiency.

Claims (7)

1. the Top-pruning device that grows tobacco, be arranged on planer-type field operating vehicle, described planer-type field operating vehicle comprises the planer-type vehicle frame with gantry back timber, described tobacco Top-pruning device comprises the cutter head of pinching, it is characterized in that, described tobacco Top-pruning device also comprises crane, and described crane is the support body that front end swings up and down, and the rear end of crane is arranged on gantry back timber of described planer-type field operating vehicle; The described cutter head of pinching is arranged on the front end of crane, and the lower end of the cutter head of pinching is provided with the cutter of pinching of rotation.
2. according to claim 1 one Top-pruning device that grows tobacco, is characterized in that, the front end of described crane is provided with the knife rest of pinching, described in the cutter head of pinching be arranged on and pinch on knife rest; Crane is also provided with upper and lower two parallel and isometric forks; Described two forks, pinch knife rest and described gantry back timber form a parallel four-bar linkage, and the rear end of described fork and described gantry back timber are hinged, the front end of fork and described in the knife rest of pinching hinged; Fork drives the knife rest of pinching swing up and down, keep the pinching direction of rotation of cutter constant.
3. according to claim 2 one Top-pruning device that grows tobacco, is characterized in that, described crane drives hydraulic oil cylinder driving front end to swing up and down by crane; It is hydraulic jack that described crane drives oil cylinder, crane drives that oil cylinder is oblique to be arranged between described gantry back timber and described fork, crane drives the cylinder barrel bottom of oil cylinder to be hinged on the back timber of gantry, and crane drives the piston rod top of oil cylinder to be hinged on a described fork.
4. according to claim 2 one Top-pruning device that grows tobacco, is characterized in that, described crane be provided with two groups described in fork; Every group of fork is provided with upper and lower two parallel and isometric forks, and the rear end of two groups of forks is hinged at both sides and gantry back timber of described gantry back timber respectively, and the front end of two groups of forks is hinged with the both sides of the described knife rest of pinching respectively.
5. according to claim 4 one Top-pruning device that grows tobacco, it is characterized in that, there are two cranes to drive oil cylinder to be arranged on respectively the both sides of gantry back timber, two cranes drive the cylinder barrel bottom of oil cylinder in both sides, to be hinged on the back timber of gantry respectively, and two cranes drive the piston rod top of oil cylinder to be hinged on respectively on a fork in corresponding described one group of fork.
6. according to claim 1 one Top-pruning device that grows tobacco, is characterized in that, described in the cutter head of pinching be provided with the hydraulic motor that drives the cutter rotation of pinching, described planer-type field operating vehicle is the field operating vehicle of fluid motor-driven.
7. according to claim 1 one Top-pruning device that grows tobacco, is characterized in that, has the cutter head of pinching described in three to be arranged on side by side the front end of crane; Adjacent two distances of pinching between cutter head are identical with the spacing of tobacco field ridge.
CN201420288151.7U 2014-06-03 2014-06-03 Tobacco topping device Expired - Fee Related CN203896833U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420288151.7U CN203896833U (en) 2014-06-03 2014-06-03 Tobacco topping device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420288151.7U CN203896833U (en) 2014-06-03 2014-06-03 Tobacco topping device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203896833U true CN203896833U (en) 2014-10-29

Family

ID=51771157

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420288151.7U Expired - Fee Related CN203896833U (en) 2014-06-03 2014-06-03 Tobacco topping device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203896833U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104429661A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-03-25 山东农业大学 Intelligent top cutting machine of tobacco field

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104429661A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-03-25 山东农业大学 Intelligent top cutting machine of tobacco field

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141029

Termination date: 20210603

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee