CN203894216U - Experimental device for measuring sewage purification efficiency of plants - Google Patents

Experimental device for measuring sewage purification efficiency of plants Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203894216U
CN203894216U CN201420302458.8U CN201420302458U CN203894216U CN 203894216 U CN203894216 U CN 203894216U CN 201420302458 U CN201420302458 U CN 201420302458U CN 203894216 U CN203894216 U CN 203894216U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chamber
purification chamber
plant
sewage
door
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201420302458.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈世龙
刘伟
蒋定国
戴会超
李成
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Three Gorges Corp
China Three Gorges University CTGU
Original Assignee
China Three Gorges Corp
China Three Gorges University CTGU
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Priority to CN201420302458.8U priority Critical patent/CN203894216U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203894216U publication Critical patent/CN203894216U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an experimental device for measuring sewage purification efficiency of plants. The device comprises a purifying device, a circulating power unit and a precipitating device, and is characterized in that the purifying device comprises a first-stage purification chamber, a second-stage purification chamber and a bracket frame; the circulating power unit comprises a water pump, a pipeline, a front valve and a rear valve; the precipitating device comprises an effluent water sedimentation basin and an inflow water sedimentation basin; each of the first-stage purification chamber and the second-stage purification chamber comprises a light intensity controller, a temperature heat conducting plate and a top cover; a carbon dioxide inlet passage and a switch are also arranged on the first-stage purification chamber; each temperature heat conducting plate is wrapped by an insulating sheath and controlled by the switch; the second-stage purification chamber is also provided with a carbon dioxide outlet passage; an inflow water passage door is arranged on the inflow water sedimentation basin; an effluent water passage door is arranged on the effluent water sedimentation basin. The experimental device disclosed by the utility model is used for solving the problem of secondary pollution of a sewage treatment process and also has the advantages of low cost, convenience in operation and the like.

Description

Measure the experimental provision of sewage purifying plant efficiency
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of experimental provision of measuring sewage purifying plant efficiency, belongs to sewage purification technology field.
Background technology
Developing country, most of rivers are all subject to pollution in various degree, the overproof discharge of sanitary sewage and factory, cause very large impact to river, for example: body eutrophication, contains excessive N, P organism in water, phytoplankton bloom, wawter bloom, serious anoxic in water, causes the phenomenon such as smelly of water quality.
Make a general survey of the sewage treatment process of China: generally have other the technique such as chemically reinforced biological phosphate-eliminating wastewater treatment work technique, circular gap aeration sewage treatment process, rotating contact oxidation sewage treatment process, continuous circulation aerating system technique, SPR high-turbidity sewage treatment technology.Same process does not have different relative merits, and traditional technique dephosphorization technique needs a large amount of medicaments, and sludge yield is large, has operating cost high, causes the shortcoming of secondary pollution.In sewage, also contain radiomaterial, water body biology is had to carcinogenic effect, be subject to the water quality of heavy metal pollution, if human body is drunk heavy metal containing sewage, also can affect to human body.If the method that can adopt plant to absorb absorbs the every contamination index in sewage, like this with regard to water conservation that more can Eco-friendly.The ability difference that different hydrophyte absorbs, in the time that the flow velocity of water is different, it is also not identical that plant absorbs every sewage index efficiency, if by the not combination of kindred plant, measure the plant society that top efficiency in hydrostatic and moving water absorbs pollutant, and measure in hydrostatic and moving water the not top efficiency of kindred plant combination absorption pollutant.So just can in large watershed, adopt such plant society to purify waste water.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model: be to provide a kind ofly under sound state water condition, measure the efficiency device that different plant societys absorb sewage, solve sewage treatment process secondary pollution problem simultaneously, and have cost low, easy to operate, quick and measure the advantages such as accurate.
Measure an experimental provision for sewage purifying plant efficiency, comprise purification plant, cycle power device and settler, it is characterized in that: described purification plant comprises first class purification chamber, two-level purifying chamber and stand frame; Described cycle power device comprises water pump, pipeline, front valve and rearmounted valve; Settler comprises effluent settling chamber and water inlet settling basin; Described first class purification chamber, two-level purifying chamber all have light intensity control, temperature heat-conducting plate and top cover, described first class purification chamber is also provided with carbon dioxide access road and switch, temperature heat-conducting plate is surrounded by insulated hull, by switch control, described two-level purifying chamber is also provided with carbon dioxide exit passageway; Pipe ends is connected with water inlet settling basin, effluent settling chamber respectively, water inlet settling basin is connected with first class purification chamber by first class purification chamber intake tunnel door, two-level purifying chamber is connected with effluent settling chamber by two-level purifying chamber's exhalant canal door, first class purification chamber, two-level purifying chamber connect by decontamination chamber's access door, wire is connected with light intensity control, temperature heat-conducting plate, water pump is arranged on pipeline, and water inlet settling basin is provided with into aquaporin door, and effluent settling chamber is provided with exhalant canal door.
Above-mentioned stand frame comprises fixed mount, active clapboard, pickup groove and crossbeam, and active clapboard is engaged in pickup groove, and sampling of water quality instrument is fixed on crossbeam place.
The utility model has following beneficial effect:
The utility model is under hydrostatic condition, by mobile active clapboard, combine the not distribution of kindred plant and space, the absorbing state of periodic logging sewage indices, draw not kindred plant and every sewage index variation diagram, the space distribution of plant and every sewage index Change of absorption figure.Under moving water condition, control the speed of pumping for water pump, mobile active clapboard simultaneously, combine the not distribution of kindred plant and space, record the absorbing state of sewage indices, draw change in flow and every sewage index variation diagram of water, not kindred plant and every sewage index variation diagram, the space distribution of plant and every sewage index variation diagram.
The advantages such as the utility model solves sewage treatment process secondary pollution problem, and has cost low, easy to operate.Utilize plant in hydrostatic and moving water, measure the efficiency that different plant societys, space distribution are purified waste water.Device is by the not combination of kindred plant, the distribution in space, and the flow velocity of water, records out different plant societys, space distribution and the flow velocity relation with water, obtains optimum sewage absorption efficiency.The utility model device, have simple in structure, cost is low, easy to operate, measure the experimental provision of sewage purifying plant efficiency.
Brief description of the drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is fixed mount and active clapboard details drawing in the utility model;
Fig. 3 is pipeline configuration figure in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the detailed pattern structural representation of the utility model medium-height trestle.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiment of the present utility model is described further.
Referring to Fig. 1-4, a kind of experimental provision of measuring sewage purifying plant efficiency, comprises purification plant, cycle power device, settler, and purification plant comprises first class purification chamber 1, two-level purifying chamber 2, stand frame 14; Cycle power device comprises water pump 19, pipeline 20, front valve 13, rearmounted valve 15; Settler comprises effluent settling chamber 11, water inlet settling basin 22; First class purification chamber, two-level purifying chamber comprise light intensity control 16, temperature heat-conducting plate 3, top cover 9, carbon dioxide access road 5, carbon dioxide exit passageway 7, switch 12; Stand frame 14 comprises fixed mount 26, active clapboard 24, pickup groove 18, crossbeam 10.Preferably, stand frame 14, is made up of 26, crossbeams 10 of 24, one fixed mounts of 16 active clapboards, and fixed mount and crossbeam can be selected plastic material, and active clapboard 24 is engaged in pickup groove 18.Active clapboard 24 materials are zinc-plated thin wire, and each active clapboard is by the mutual movement of pickup groove, and active clapboard 24 is engaged on pickup groove, prevent that plant from sinking.
Temperature heat-conducting plate 3 is surrounded by insulated hull, controlled by switch 12, if temperature is lower than the temperature of setting, switch will be opened automatically, if the temperature of water is higher than the water temperature of setting, switch 12 will cut out automatically, now, temperature heat-conducting plate does not heat, and temperature heat-conducting plate 3 is distributed in the corresponding site of decontamination chamber.
A kind of experimental provision of measuring sewage purifying plant efficiency operates by following method: provide at hydrostatic condition, access door 4 and first class purification chamber intake tunnel door 23 are in open mode, early gate 13 is closed with two-level purifying chamber's exhalant canal door 25, sewage fills decontamination chamber's device, close first class purification chamber intake tunnel door 23, use sampling of water quality instrument 21 to sample, analyze index the record of the every pollutant in sewage, the active clapboard of first class purification chamber 1, two-level purifying chamber's 2 active clapboards, plant identical not kindred plant, mobile active clapboard 24, combine the arrangement of different plants, timing sampling is analyzed, the indices that records the every pollutant in decontamination chamber changes.Moving water condition is provided, access door 4, first class purification chamber intake tunnel 23, two-level purifying chamber's exhalant canal 25, front valve 13, rearmounted valve 15 is in open mode, exhalant canal door 8 is closed, in the time that sewage has filled whole decontamination chamber and settling basin, open water pump 19, the speed that control is drawn water, water in whole decontamination chamber can be circulated, at the active clapboard of first class purification chamber 1, two-level purifying chamber's 2 active clapboard plantation identical plant not of the same race, combine the sequence of different plants, change the speed that water pump 19 draws water, timing sampling is analyzed, be recorded under different in flow rate, the indices that different plant societys absorb every pollutant changes.
The model of selected water pump: WT-PUMP-220E.Top cover material therefor adopts plastic, transparent glass material, and stand frame material is PP plastics.Valve adopts straight-through single seat operation valve.The material of pipeline is line plastic-steel tube.Active clapboard material is zinc-plated thin wire.
In the present embodiment, adopt water pump 19 to make settler and pipeline 20 form moving water turbulence self-circulation system.Water pump is little, simple in structure, the processing ease of volume, the advantage such as energy-conservation not only, also convenient flow is regulated.By controlling the speed of drawing water of water pump 19, thereby change the flow velocity in purification plant.The material that active clapboard adopts is zinc-plated thin wire, and plastics crossbeam material is PP plastics.Under hydrostatic condition, by mobile active clapboard 4, combine the not distribution of kindred plant and space, the absorbing state of periodic logging sewage indices, draw not kindred plant and every sewage index variation diagram, the space distribution of plant and every sewage index Change of absorption figure.Under moving water condition, control the speed of pumping for water pump, mobile active clapboard simultaneously, combine the not distribution of kindred plant and space, record the absorbing state of sewage indices, draw change in flow and every sewage index variation diagram of water, not kindred plant and every sewage index variation diagram, the space distribution of plant and every sewage index variation diagram.
Below to utilizing fixed mount instrument and equipment and the physical dimension used in a kind of experimental provision of measuring sewage purifying plant efficiency of the present utility model:
1. pipe bending is 90 degree, its radius R=0.8m, and the diameter of pipeline 20 is 40cm.
2. according to water body operational throughput and line arrangement, the model of selected water pump: WT-PUMP-220E.
3. the length of decontamination chamber is 16m, and width is 4m, and height is 4m, and the length of turnover settling basin is all 4m, and the passage of the inlet/outlet of carbon dioxide is all 3cm.
4. the pickup groove degree of depth is 6cm, and active clapboard unit area is 4 square metres, the zinc-plated thin wire that the material of employing is 5mm, and plastics crossbeam material is PP plastics.
5. temperature heat-conducting plate operating voltage 220V, rated power is 1000W.
6. top cover 9 material therefors adopt plastic, transparent glass material, and the distance of top cover and stand frame is 4m.

Claims (2)

1. measure an experimental provision for sewage purifying plant efficiency, comprise purification plant, cycle power device and settler, it is characterized in that: described purification plant comprises first class purification chamber (1), two-level purifying chamber (2) and stand frame (14), described cycle power device comprises water pump (19), pipeline (20), front valve (13) and rearmounted valve (15), settler comprises effluent settling chamber (11) and water inlet settling basin (22), described first class purification chamber, two-level purifying chamber all has light intensity control (16), temperature heat-conducting plate (3) and top cover (9), described first class purification chamber is also provided with carbon dioxide access road (5) and switch (12), temperature heat-conducting plate is surrounded by insulated hull, by switch control, described two-level purifying chamber is also provided with carbon dioxide exit passageway (7), pipeline (20) two ends respectively with water inlet settling basin (22), effluent settling chamber (11) is connected, water inlet settling basin (22) is connected with first class purification chamber by first class purification chamber intake tunnel door (23), two-level purifying chamber is connected with effluent settling chamber (11) by two-level purifying chamber's exhalant canal door (25), first class purification chamber, two-level purifying chamber connects by decontamination chamber's access door (6), wire (17) and light intensity control, temperature heat-conducting plate is connected, water pump is arranged on pipeline, water inlet settling basin is provided with into aquaporin door (4), effluent settling chamber is provided with exhalant canal door (8).
2. the experimental provision of measurement sewage purifying plant efficiency according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described stand frame (14) comprises fixed mount (26), active clapboard (24), pickup groove (18) and crossbeam (10), active clapboard is engaged in pickup groove, and sampling of water quality instrument (21) is fixed on crossbeam place.
CN201420302458.8U 2014-06-09 2014-06-09 Experimental device for measuring sewage purification efficiency of plants Withdrawn - After Issue CN203894216U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420302458.8U CN203894216U (en) 2014-06-09 2014-06-09 Experimental device for measuring sewage purification efficiency of plants

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420302458.8U CN203894216U (en) 2014-06-09 2014-06-09 Experimental device for measuring sewage purification efficiency of plants

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203894216U true CN203894216U (en) 2014-10-22

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420302458.8U Withdrawn - After Issue CN203894216U (en) 2014-06-09 2014-06-09 Experimental device for measuring sewage purification efficiency of plants

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104062404A (en) * 2014-06-09 2014-09-24 三峡大学 Experiment device for measuring efficiency in plant purification of sewage

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104062404A (en) * 2014-06-09 2014-09-24 三峡大学 Experiment device for measuring efficiency in plant purification of sewage
CN104062404B (en) * 2014-06-09 2015-10-07 三峡大学 Measure the experimental provision of sewage purifying plant efficiency

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20141022

Effective date of abandoning: 20151007

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting