CN203890957U - Vertical multi-habitat ecological pond system suitable for large slope angle - Google Patents

Vertical multi-habitat ecological pond system suitable for large slope angle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203890957U
CN203890957U CN201420299880.2U CN201420299880U CN203890957U CN 203890957 U CN203890957 U CN 203890957U CN 201420299880 U CN201420299880 U CN 201420299880U CN 203890957 U CN203890957 U CN 203890957U
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China
Prior art keywords
pond
bank protection
ecological
vertical
plant
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420299880.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王晓玲
乔斌
李松敏
涂佳敏
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Tianjin University
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Tianjin University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The utility model discloses a vertical multi-habitat ecological pond system suitable for a large slope angle. The vertical multi-habitat ecological pond system comprises a pond body, a hollow hexagonal slope protection brick slope protection area is arranged on the upper portion of the pond body, a soil stopping block slope protection area is arranged on the lower portion of the pond body, and an emergent aquatic plant area and a submerged plant area are arranged at the pond bottom. The slope protection areas on the upper portion and the lower portion of the pond body are in two different slope protection modes with different dip angles. The dip angle between the hollow hexagonal slope protection brick slope protection area and the horizontal face is smaller than or equal to 45 degrees. The dip angle between the soil stopping block slope protection area and the horizontal face is larger than 60 degrees and smaller than or equal to 78 degrees. The vertical multi-habitat ecological pond system is attractive, easy to maintain, small in land occupation area and suitable for different terrains; in the vertical direction of an ecological pond, plants different in type are planted, different anaerobic-aerobiotic areas are formed, and the aim of efficiently removing high-nitrogen-and-phosphorus-contained waste water such as farmland drainage and rainfall runoff is achieved while drainage basin habitats are improved.

Description

A kind of vertical many habitats the ecology pond systems that adapts to large slope angle
Technical field
The utility model belongs to farmland nitrogen-phosphorus wastewater processing, environmental protection technical field, is specifically related to a kind of ecological purification the ecology pond systems that is applied to face source, farmland nitrogen and phosphorus pollution.
Background technology
TAIHU LAKE body pollution has entered the comparatively serious eutrophication stage, although taked in recent years certain control measures, lake water quality is not fundamentally improved, and one of basic reason is the tremendous influence of farmland non-point pollution.Agricultural drain, rainfall runoff are the main paties that farmland non-point pollution enters lake, therefore, study and define effective farmland non-point pollution thing interception measure, subduing the pollutant such as nitrogen phosphorus in agricultural drain loads directly into lake, containment body eutrophication, becomes the important content of controlling Researches on Agricultural Non-Point aspect.
Current, the interception of agricultural non point source of pollution nitrogen and phosphorus loss mainly comprises ecological canal technology, interception dam technology, ET make stream biochemical technology and ecological pond/Treatment Technology of Constructed Wetland etc., ecological pond (ecological pond, be called for short EP) claim again stabilization pond, the dirty water living creature processing technique that mainly relies on natural biology purification function that sewage is purified.Sewage flows lentamente in the pool, the storing of long period, and by the metabolic activity of the microorganism that survives in sewage, the comprehensive function of the multiple biology including water plant, makes contaminant degradation, and sewage is purified.Ecological pond treatment system is used widely in many countries.China starts to have carried out research in the whole country so far from eighties of last century the eighties.Although compared with traditional activated sludge process, A2/O method, oxidation ditch process, AB method and the SBR method occurring in recent years, biomembrance process, high pressure embrane method etc., there is the shortcoming that floor space is large, but its small investment, operating cost is low, operational management is simple etc., and advantage is that other processing methods cannot be compared.In ecological pond treatment system, both can culturing fish and shrimp, aquatic bird etc., can plant again the water plant such as lotus root, reed, form the complicated ecosystem, simultaneously water after treatment can irrigated farmland, improvement soil, or be back to industrial water use after further processing, there is good environmental benefit and economic benefit.
Ecological pond technology also has its intrinsic shortcoming: hydraulic detention time compared with length, inefficiency, floor space is large, capital cost is high, has limited applying of pool treatment process.At present, the treatment process of ecological pond is towards the future development of normalization, systematization, resource, ecology, aestheticsization.Screen, cultivate efficient aquatic purifying plant, the comprehensive function of multiple biological processing units such as combination aeration, water plant, aquaculture, the complex ecological system of building biochemical integrated aquatic animals and plants, will become the developing direction of ecological pond treatment process.
Utility model content
In order to solve problems of the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of vertical many habitats the ecology pond systems that adapts to large slope angle, large, the inaesthetic problem of floor space that overcomes the Traditional Ecological pool in prior art.
The technical solution of the utility model is:
The vertical many habitats the ecology pond systems that adapts to large slope angle, comprises pond body, and body top, described pond is provided with hollow hexagonal revetment brick bank protection district, and body bottom, pond is provided with dust block bank protection district, is provided with emergent aquactic plant district and submerged plant district at the bottom of pond.
The bank protection district of body upper and lower, pond is the bank protection form of two kinds of different angle.Described hollow hexagonal revetment brick bank protection and horizontal plane inclination angle≤45 °.60 ° of < inclination angle≤78 ° of described dust block bank protection and horizontal plane, as preferably, dust block bank protection and horizontal plane are 78 °.
It in the vertical direction of ecological pond, is different plants configuration.The hollow hexagonal brick bank protection district kind of described ecological pond is implanted with Lu Sheng herbaceous plant; In dust block bank protection district, plant and be implanted with aquatic herbaceous plant; The bottom of ecological pond is implanted with emergent aquactic plant near bank protection one side kind; The center bottom ecological region planting of ecological pond has submerged plant.As preferably, the hollow hexagonal brick bank protection district kind of described ecological pond is implanted with Bermuda grass; In dust block bank protection district, plant and be implanted with the stem or leaf of cattail; The bottom of ecological pond is implanted with reed near bank protection one side kind; The center bottom ecological region planting of ecological pond has eel grass.
Inner side, described dust block bank protection district is provided with hardcore bed.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: (1) is by the design of the hollow hexagonal brick protective slope structure on body top, the pool, not only play same with ordinary concrete piece stablize domatic, prevent that bank protection is subject to the effect of rainfall erosion, and the herbaceous plant of plantation in revetment brick can be further fixing and can tackle the part nitrogen phosphorus of removing rainfall runoff to soil; (2) pool wall of ecological pond adopts multi-form protective slope structure, on the one hand solve single form protective slope structure and be subject to the constraint that inclination angle can not be excessive, also the balanced on the other hand height of two kinds of protective slope structures, make whole pool body more firm at depth direction, occur that the probability of landslide reduces greatly.(3) pool body bottom dust block adopts the mode of laid dry to lay, whole retaining wall has good water permeability, the rubble surface of retaining wall inner side easily forms biomembrane, in addition planting plants in planting type soil block hole, make whole retaining wall form one " plant-microorganism " and mix removal nitrogen phosphorus system, thereby nitrogen phosphorus removal efficiency is increased greatly; (4) in ecological pond vertical direction, adopt different plants configuration, thereby not only can increase the degradation efficiency saving floor space of nitrogen phosphorus, and contribute to improve local habitat conditions; (5) when water body nitrogen phosphorus is being removed near emergent aquactic plants such as pool wall plantation reeds in bottom, the pool, can utilize the stem of emergent aquactic plant for the microorganism delivering oxygen of bottom, the pool, thereby increase the removal efficiency of nitrogen phosphorus; (6) submerged plants such as eel grass are planted in bottom, the pool, not only can absorb pollutants such as removing Water phosphorus, and can prevent the mud suspension of bottom, the pool, and can significantly improve the transparency of water in the pool, make whole the ecology pond systems more there is ornamental value.
The utility model is both attractive in appearance, easy care, vertical many habitats the ecology pond systems of small accommodation area, adaptation different terrain again, in the vertical direction of ecological pond, by dissimilar plants configuration, form the zones of different of " anaerobic-aerobic ", thereby in improving habitat, basin, also reach the object that the waste water high-efficiency of agricultural drain and the contour nitrogen and phosphorus content of rainfall runoff is removed.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure chart in the vertical direction of vertical many habitats the ecology pond systems of the large slope angle of this adaptation;
Fig. 2 is drawing (a) and the laying structure drawing (b) thereof of hollow hexagonal revetment brick;
Fig. 3 is drawing (a) and the laying structure figure (b) thereof of planting type soil block;
Wherein, 1-hollow hexagonal revetment brick; 2-Lu Sheng draft bank protection plant; 3-planting type soil block; 4-emergent aquactic plant; 5-submerged plant; 6-aquatic herbaceous plant; 7-hardcore bed; 8-pea gravel concreten bears down on one; 9-connects the reinforcing bar of planting type soil block; At the bottom of 10-C20 concrete casting.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is elaborated.
Vertical many habitats the ecology pond systems of the large slope angle of adaptation of the present utility model, comprise pond body, body top, described pond is provided with hollow hexagonal revetment brick bank protection district 1, with horizontal plane inclination angle≤45 °, body bottom, pond is provided with dust block bank protection district 3, with 60 ° of < inclination angle≤78 ° of horizontal plane, at the bottom of pond, be provided with emergent aquactic plant district 4 and submerged plant district 5.
The profile of whole the ecology pond systems, size, and the Inlet and outlet water mode on the height of bank protection and retaining wall, the pool all can be according to the on-site topography and geomorphology in farmland, to process the water yield different and change, having determined after shape, size and the bank protection of ecological pond and the height of retaining wall according to the topography and geomorphology of processing the water yield and locality, first carry out the excavation on basis, the pool.The construction of carrying out afterwards retaining wall is dug on basis, the pool, first apply at the bottom of the concrete casting of C20 10, the optimum gradient of retaining wall is 78 °, and the optimum depth of retaining wall is 1m, the thickness of determining hardcore bed 7 according to local rammed earth degree, cushion thickness is generally 30-50cm.The laying number of plies of dust block 3 should be less than or equal to 8, if while being subject to the impact of construction ground landform will increase retaining wall height, need set up geotextiles and geo-grid, retaining wall construction finishes the laying of laggard row hollow hexagonal revetment brick, the design optimum thickness of hollow hexagonal revetment brick 1 is 5cm, and height is not according to the large I design 9-15cm of revetment brick etc.Revetment brick is laid and is finished pool body is carried out to pea gravel concreten to bear down on one afterwards, after finishing, the corresponding hydraulic facility construction such as pool import and outlet needs ecological pond plant to plant, generally after a rainfall or after the water-break for the first time of farmland, while having part ponding in the pool, carry out the plantation of plant, choosing of plant should meet " easy care management, avoid introducing alien species " principle, because the utility model is designed for the interception of Taihu Lake basin agricultural nitrogen phosphorus pollution of area source, so best bank protection Lu Sheng herbaceous plant is Bermuda grass, best aquatic herbaceous plant is the stem or leaf of cattail, best emergent aquactic plant is that reed and best submerged plant can be selected eel grass.System initial operating stage can be by controlling out sluice gate mode to reach the optimum growh state of different plants.

Claims (9)

1. the vertical many habitats the ecology pond systems that adapts to large slope angle, comprises pond body, it is characterized in that, body top, described pond is provided with hollow hexagonal revetment brick bank protection district, and body bottom, pond is provided with dust block bank protection district, is provided with emergent aquactic plant district and submerged plant district at the bottom of pond.
2. the vertical many habitats the ecology pond systems that adapts to according to claim 1 large slope angle, is characterized in that, the bank protection district of body upper and lower, pond is the bank protection form of two kinds of different angle.
3. the vertical many habitats the ecology pond systems that adapts to according to claim 2 large slope angle, is characterized in that, described hollow hexagonal revetment brick bank protection and horizontal plane inclination angle≤45 °.
4. according to the vertical many habitats the ecology pond systems that adapts to large slope angle described in claim 2, it is characterized in that 60 ° of < inclination angle≤78 ° of described dust block bank protection and horizontal plane.
5. according to the vertical many habitats the ecology pond systems that adapts to large slope angle described in claim 4, it is characterized in that, described dust block bank protection and horizontal plane are 78 °.
6. the vertical many habitats the ecology pond systems that adapts to according to claim 1 large slope angle, is characterized in that, is different plants configuration in the vertical direction of ecological pond.
7. the vertical many habitats the ecology pond systems that adapts to according to claim 6 large slope angle, is characterized in that, the hollow hexagonal brick bank protection district kind of described ecological pond is implanted with Lu Sheng herbaceous plant; In dust block bank protection district, plant and be implanted with aquatic herbaceous plant; The bottom of ecological pond is implanted with emergent aquactic plant near bank protection one side kind; The center bottom ecological region planting of ecological pond has submerged plant.
8. the vertical many habitats the ecology pond systems that adapts to according to claim 7 large slope angle, is characterized in that, the hollow hexagonal brick bank protection district kind of described ecological pond is implanted with Bermuda grass; In dust block bank protection district, plant and be implanted with the stem or leaf of cattail; The bottom of ecological pond is implanted with reed near bank protection one side kind; The center bottom ecological region planting of ecological pond has eel grass.
9. the vertical many habitats the ecology pond systems that adapts to according to claim 1 large slope angle, is characterized in that, inner side, described dust block bank protection district is provided with hardcore bed.
CN201420299880.2U 2014-06-06 2014-06-06 Vertical multi-habitat ecological pond system suitable for large slope angle Expired - Fee Related CN203890957U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104018463A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-09-03 天津大学 Vertical multi-habitat ecological pond system adapting to large slope angle

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104018463A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-09-03 天津大学 Vertical multi-habitat ecological pond system adapting to large slope angle

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Granted publication date: 20141022

Termination date: 20180606