CN203884200U - Mobile sprinkling irrigation and fertilizer application device - Google Patents

Mobile sprinkling irrigation and fertilizer application device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203884200U
CN203884200U CN201420200389.XU CN201420200389U CN203884200U CN 203884200 U CN203884200 U CN 203884200U CN 201420200389 U CN201420200389 U CN 201420200389U CN 203884200 U CN203884200 U CN 203884200U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
stirring motor
water
control valve
sprinkler irrigation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420200389.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李金山
孙浩
段福义
韩启彪
刘杨
李�浩
陈震
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Farmland Irrigation Research Institute of CAAS
Original Assignee
Farmland Irrigation Research Institute of CAAS
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201420200389.XU priority Critical patent/CN203884200U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203884200U publication Critical patent/CN203884200U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model relates to a mobile sprinkling irrigation and fertilizer application device which comprises a flat car, a power fertilizer mixing device, a fertilizer amount control device, a centrifugal pump and a fertilizer barrel, wherein a water inlet pipe and a fertilizer output pipe are arranged on the fertilizer barrel, and are communicated with a water delivery branch pipe through a three-way joint, a first control valve is arranged on the water inlet pipe, the water delivery branch pipe is communicated with a water delivery main pipe, a ball valve is arranged on the water delivery branch pipe, the power fertilizer mixing device comprises a power source, a stirring motor bracket, a stirrer and a stirring motor, the fertilizer amount control device comprises a water-fertilizer liquid measuring meter, a pressure meter and a second control valve, and the centrifugal pump, the water-fertilizer liquid measuring meter, the pressure meter and the second control valve are sequentially arranged on the fertilizer output pipe. The mobile sprinkling irrigation and fertilizer application device provided by the utility model is simple in structure, convenient to operate, and strong in passing capability, and can be conveniently applied to a plurality of sprinkling irrigation systems so that the investment of fertilizer application equipment in a sprinkling irrigation system is lowered.

Description

A kind of movable sprinkler irrigation fertilizer apparatus
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of fertilizer apparatus, and especially a kind of movable sprinkler irrigation fertilizer apparatus is applicable to the integrated irrigation of agricultural water fertilizer, belongs to water-saving agriculture field.
Background technology
Along with efficient water-saving irrigation technology (as sprinkling irrigation, drip irrigation etc.) applying in field irrigation, fertilizer practice is also changed to water-fertilizer integral direction by traditional soil application.Traditional soil application mode, fertilising precision is low, and its utilization rate of fertilizer only has 25%~30%, not only causes the significant wastage of fertilizer, and serious pollution of ecological environment.And water-fertilizer integral not only can accurately be controlled the ratio between fertilization time, fertilizing amount, fertilizer solution concentration and nutritive element, improve water and fertilizer utilization, and can reduce to greatest extent the pollution to environment.According to statistics, by the end of the end of the year in 2010, China's irrigation area reached 302.5 ten thousand hm 2, account for 11.08% of national water-saving irrigation area.Yet although irrigation area expands year by year, supporting fertilizer apparatus seldom, fails to give full play to the advantage of equipment of sprinkler irrigation with it.The sprinkler irrigation fertilization mode generally adopting is at present mainly differential pouring-in with pump, but differential fertilizing method exists following drawback: fertilizer concentration time to time change during (1) fertilising, and the fertilising uniformity is poor and wayward; (2) loss of flood peak is larger; (3) fertilizer tank closed operation while applying fertilizer, not only tank body need to bear irrigation system pressure, and all will first get rid of the part water yield in tank before adding fertilizer at every turn, and liquid manure has certain loss, add in addition that fertilizer all will be uncapped at every turn, buckle closure, open valve, pressure regulation etc., operate cumbersome.Although and the pouring-in fertilizing method injection of pump fertilizer is fast, fertilising concentration is even, need to add power-equipment and auxiliary equipment, cost is difficult for reducing.During this two kinds of fertilization mode application, all need to each stem system disposition fertilizer spreading tank or build chemical fertilizer pond, the availability of equipment is low, and cost is relatively high, has limited to a certain extent applying of sprinkler irrigation technique.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of movable sprinkler irrigation fertilizer apparatus, has solved existing fertilizer apparatus complex structure, troublesome poeration, high in cost of production problem.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A kind of movable sprinkler irrigation fertilizer apparatus, comprise flat car, power Fertilizer mixer, fertile amount control device, centrifugal pump and fertilizer bucket, described power Fertilizer mixer, fertile amount control device, centrifugal pump and fertilizer bucket are fixed on flat car, on described fertilizer bucket, be provided with water inlet pipe and fertilizer efferent duct, described water inlet pipe is connected with delivery pipe branch by three-way connection with fertilizer efferent duct, on described water inlet pipe, be provided with the first control valve, described delivery pipe branch is connected with water delivery supervisor, on described delivery pipe branch, is provided with ball valve;
Described power Fertilizer mixer comprises power source, stirring motor support, agitator and stirring motor, described agitator is arranged in fertilizer bucket, described agitator and stirring motor are installed together, described stirring motor is connected with power source, and described stirring motor is fixed on stirring motor support;
Described fertile amount control device comprises liquid manure liquid gauge table, manometer and the second control valve, and described centrifugal pump, liquid manure liquid gauge table, manometer and the second control valve are arranged on fertilizer efferent duct successively.
Further, a kind of preferred version of the present utility model is: there is water filling port the upper end of described fertilizer bucket, and there is fertilizer outlet lower end, and fertilizer outlet place is provided with filter screen, and described water filling port is connected with water inlet pipe, and described fertilizer outlet is connected with fertilizer efferent duct.At fertilizer outlet, filter screen is set, can effectively filters out the impurity in fertilizer, avoid impurity blocking pipe, reduce the service life of pipeline.
Further, a kind of preferred version of the present utility model is: described power source is any of power supply, diesel-driven generator and gasoline engine generator.
Further, a kind of preferred version of the present utility model is: described stirring motor support is fixed on flat car by spacer pin is rotatable.By the effect of spacer pin, stirring motor support can be rotated, then when adding fertilizer, stirring motor support is rotated to the edge of fertilizer bucket, be convenient to add fertilizer.After adding fertilizer and finishing, stirring motor support is rotated to the centre of fertilizer bucket, and fixing, start to stir.
Further, a kind of preferred version of the present utility model is: described delivery pipe branch is installed together by loose joint and three-way connection.By loose joint, can conveniently delivery pipe branch and three-way connection be installed together.
Further, a kind of preferred version of the present utility model is: between described manometer and the second control valve, be provided with check valve.Check valve is set and can prevents fertilizer adverse current.
Further, a kind of preferred version of the present utility model is: on the water delivery supervisor between described delivery pipe branch and water delivery supervisor, be provided with non-return valve, prevent that the solution in water delivery supervisor from flowing backwards.
Further, a kind of preferred version of the present utility model is: described centrifugal pump is noncorrosive pump.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
Movable sprinkler irrigation fertilizer apparatus of the present utility model is simple in structure, easy to operate, and trafficability characteristic is strong, can be applied to easily a plurality of sprinkling irrigation systems, reduces the investment of fertilizing equipment in sprinkling irrigation system.
Fertile amount control device of the present invention comprises that liquid manure liquid gauge table, manometer and the second control valve form, and fertilizer concentration in the time of can effectively controlling fertilising, makes fertilizer concentration even, and fertilizer concentration is time to time change not, and head there is no loss.
Fertilizer bucket of the present utility model is the drum of opening above, fertilizer tank opening operation during fertilising, tank body does not need to bear irrigation system pressure, and all need not first get rid of the part water yield in tank before adding fertilizer at every turn, can not cause liquid manure loss, add in addition that fertilizer does not need to uncap at every turn, buckle closure, open valve, pressure regulation etc., easy to operate.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the utility model embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art, to the accompanying drawing of required use in embodiment or description of the Prior Art be briefly described below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only embodiment more of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skills, do not paying under the prerequisite of creative work, can also obtain according to these accompanying drawings other accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of an embodiment of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the upward view of Fig. 1;
In figure, 1 is water delivery supervisor, and 2 is non-return valve, and 3 is flat car, 4 is the first control valve, and 5 is water inlet pipe, and 6 is power source, and 7 is fertilizer bucket, 8 is agitator, and 9 is stirring motor support, and 10 is stirring motor, and 11 is centrifugal pump, 12 is fertilizer efferent duct, and 13 is liquid manure liquid gauge table, and 14 is manometer, 15 is check valve, and 16 is the second control valve, and 17 is three-way connection, 18 is loose joint, and 19 is ball valve, and 20 is spacer pin.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment is only the utility model part embodiment, rather than whole embodiment.Embodiment based in the utility model, those of ordinary skills are not making the every other embodiment obtaining under creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of the utility model protection.
As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, a kind of movable sprinkler irrigation fertilizer apparatus, comprise flat car 3, power Fertilizer mixer, fertile amount control device, centrifugal pump 11 and fertilizer bucket 7, described power Fertilizer mixer, fertile amount control device, centrifugal pump 11 and fertilizer bucket 7 are fixed on flat car 3, on described fertilizer bucket 7, be provided with water inlet pipe 5 and fertilizer efferent duct 12, described water inlet pipe 5 is connected with delivery pipe branch by three-way connection 17 with fertilizer efferent duct 12, on described water inlet pipe 5, be provided with the first control valve 4, described delivery pipe branch is connected with water delivery supervisor 1, on described delivery pipe branch, be provided with ball valve 19,
Described power Fertilizer mixer comprises power source 6, stirring motor support 9, agitator 8 and stirring motor 10, described agitator 8 is arranged in fertilizer bucket 7, described agitator 8 is installed together with stirring motor 10, described stirring motor 10 is connected with power source 6, and described stirring motor 10 is fixed on stirring motor support 9;
Described fertile amount control device comprises liquid manure liquid gauge table 13, manometer 14 and the second control valve 16, and described centrifugal pump 11, liquid manure liquid gauge table 13, manometer 14 and the second control valve 16 are arranged on fertilizer efferent duct 12 successively.
Running of the present utility model:
Before irrigation system is applied fertilizer, first this movable sprinkler irrigation fertilizer apparatus is transported to before system header by machines such as tractors, delivery pipe branch and water delivery supervisor 1 are connected.Open ball valve 19 and the first control valve 4, the water that makes water delivery be responsible for 1 the inside enters fertilizer bucket 7.When water is added to certain water level, close the first control valve 4, in fertilizer bucket 7, add fertilizer, start stirring motor 10, fertilizer is dissolved.Then close stirring motor 10, open the second control valve 16, start centrifugal pump 11, the fertilizer after dissolving enters water delivery supervisor 1, is transported to farmland.In fertilising process, by liquid manure liquid gauge table 13 and manometer 14 control inputs water delivery supervisors' 1 fertilizer amount.According to water delivery supervisor 1 flow and pressure, by the second control valve 16, control flow and the pressure of fertilizer efferent duct 12, make in whole water delivery process, fertilizer concentration is consistent.
Preferably: described power source 6 is any of power supply, diesel-driven generator and gasoline engine generator.
Can select different power source 6 as the case may be, be that the applicability of device of the present utility model is strong.
Preferably: there is water filling port described fertilizer bucket 7 upper ends, and there is fertilizer outlet lower end, and fertilizer outlet place is provided with filter screen, and described water filling port is connected with water inlet pipe 5, and described fertilizer outlet is connected with fertilizer efferent duct 12.At fertilizer outlet, filter screen is set, can effectively filters out the impurity in fertilizer, avoid impurity blocking pipe, reduce the service life of pipeline.
Certainly fertilizer outlet can also arrange other filter, as membrane filtration, active carbon etc., as long as can realize the impurity of removing in fertilizer.
Preferably: described stirring motor support 9 is fixed on flat car 3 by spacer pin 20 is rotatable.By the effect of spacer pin 20, stirring motor support 9 can be rotated, when adding fertilizer, stirring motor support 9 is rotated to the edge of fertilizer bucket 7, be convenient to add fertilizer.After adding fertilizer and finishing, stirring motor support 9 is rotated to the centre of fertilizer bucket 7, and fixing, start to stir.
Preferably: described delivery pipe branch is installed together by loose joint 18 and three-way connection 17.By loose joint 18, can conveniently delivery pipe branch and three-way connection 17 be installed together.
Preferably: between described manometer 14 and the second control valve 16, be provided with check valve 15.Check valve 15 is set and can prevents fertilizer adverse current.
Preferably: on the water delivery supervisor 1 between described delivery pipe branch and water delivery supervisor 1, be provided with non-return valve 2, prevent that the solution in water delivery supervisor 1 from flowing backwards.
Preferably: described centrifugal pump 11 is noncorrosive pump.
Fertilizer solution has certain corrosivity, adopts noncorrosive pump can increase the life-span of device.
Movable sprinkler irrigation fertilizer apparatus of the present utility model proves that through the actual use of nearly 3 years it is simple in structure, easy to operate, and fertilising evenly, is convenient to control.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not in order to limit the utility model; all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any modification of doing, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a movable sprinkler irrigation fertilizer apparatus, comprise flat car, power Fertilizer mixer, fertile amount control device, centrifugal pump and fertilizer bucket, described power Fertilizer mixer, fertile amount control device, centrifugal pump and fertilizer bucket are fixed on flat car, on described fertilizer bucket, be provided with water inlet pipe and fertilizer efferent duct, described water inlet pipe is connected with delivery pipe branch by three-way connection with fertilizer efferent duct, on described water inlet pipe, be provided with the first control valve, described delivery pipe branch is connected with water delivery supervisor, on described delivery pipe branch, is provided with ball valve;
Described power Fertilizer mixer comprises power source, stirring motor support, agitator and stirring motor, described agitator is arranged in fertilizer bucket, described agitator and stirring motor are installed together, described stirring motor is connected with power source, and described stirring motor is fixed on stirring motor support;
It is characterized in that: described fertile amount control device comprises liquid manure liquid gauge table, manometer and the second control valve, described centrifugal pump, liquid manure liquid gauge table, manometer and the second control valve are arranged on fertilizer efferent duct successively.
2. a kind of movable sprinkler irrigation fertilizer apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: there is water filling port the upper end of described fertilizer bucket, and there is fertilizer outlet lower end, fertilizer outlet place is provided with filter screen, described water filling port is connected with water inlet pipe, and described fertilizer outlet is connected with fertilizer efferent duct.
3. a kind of movable sprinkler irrigation fertilizer apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described power source is any of power supply, diesel-driven generator and gasoline engine generator.
4. according to a kind of movable sprinkler irrigation fertilizer apparatus described in claim 1-3 any one, it is characterized in that: described stirring motor support is fixed on flat car by spacer pin is rotatable.
5. according to a kind of movable sprinkler irrigation fertilizer apparatus described in claim 1-3 any one, it is characterized in that: described delivery pipe branch is installed together by loose joint and three-way connection.
6. according to a kind of movable sprinkler irrigation fertilizer apparatus described in claim 1-3 any one, it is characterized in that: between described manometer and the second control valve, be provided with check valve.
7. according to a kind of movable sprinkler irrigation fertilizer apparatus described in claim 1-3 any one, it is characterized in that: on the water delivery supervisor between described delivery pipe branch and water delivery supervisor, be provided with non-return valve.
8. according to a kind of movable sprinkler irrigation fertilizer apparatus described in claim 1-3 any one, it is characterized in that: described centrifugal pump is noncorrosive pump.
CN201420200389.XU 2014-04-23 2014-04-23 Mobile sprinkling irrigation and fertilizer application device Expired - Fee Related CN203884200U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420200389.XU CN203884200U (en) 2014-04-23 2014-04-23 Mobile sprinkling irrigation and fertilizer application device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420200389.XU CN203884200U (en) 2014-04-23 2014-04-23 Mobile sprinkling irrigation and fertilizer application device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103975680A (en) * 2014-04-23 2014-08-13 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 Movable-type sprinkling fertilization apparatus
CN106034828A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-10-26 安徽笄山生态农业有限公司 Green fruit and vegetable planting greenhouse
CN106069359A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-09 安徽笄山生态农业有限公司 A kind of ecological fruit and vegerable cultivating chamber
CN106068867A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-09 安徽笄山生态农业有限公司 A kind of ecological fruit and vegerable fertilizer apparatus
CN106068866A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-09 安徽笄山生态农业有限公司 A kind of ecological fruit and vegerable water supply installation

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103975680A (en) * 2014-04-23 2014-08-13 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 Movable-type sprinkling fertilization apparatus
CN103975680B (en) * 2014-04-23 2016-01-06 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 A kind of movable sprinkler irrigation fertilizer apparatus
CN106034828A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-10-26 安徽笄山生态农业有限公司 Green fruit and vegetable planting greenhouse
CN106069359A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-09 安徽笄山生态农业有限公司 A kind of ecological fruit and vegerable cultivating chamber
CN106068867A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-09 安徽笄山生态农业有限公司 A kind of ecological fruit and vegerable fertilizer apparatus
CN106068866A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-09 安徽笄山生态农业有限公司 A kind of ecological fruit and vegerable water supply installation
CN106068866B (en) * 2016-06-24 2018-04-13 安徽笄山生态农业有限公司 A kind of ecology fruits and vegetables water supply installation
CN106068867B (en) * 2016-06-24 2018-05-01 安徽笄山生态农业有限公司 A kind of ecology fruits and vegetables fertilizer apparatus
CN106069359B (en) * 2016-06-24 2019-04-12 安徽笄山生态农业有限公司 A kind of ecology fruits and vegetables cultivating chamber
CN106034828B (en) * 2016-06-24 2019-05-10 安徽笄山生态农业有限公司 A kind of ecology fruits and vegetables cultivation greenhouse

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141022

Termination date: 20150423

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model