CN203882364U - Key management box and key management system - Google Patents

Key management box and key management system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203882364U
CN203882364U CN201420301969.8U CN201420301969U CN203882364U CN 203882364 U CN203882364 U CN 203882364U CN 201420301969 U CN201420301969 U CN 201420301969U CN 203882364 U CN203882364 U CN 203882364U
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China
Prior art keywords
key
unit
management
information
data
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CN201420301969.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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不公告发明人
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Shanghai Yi Shuo Science And Technology Ltd
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Shanghai Yi Shuo Science And Technology Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a key management box and a key management system. The key management box comprises a key box and a control management device arranged in the key box, wherein the key box comprises a key box body, a key cabin and a key insertion slot for insertion of a key identification card in an intelligent key; the control management device comprises an electronic access control unit, a key card reader for reading the key identification card inserted into the key insertion slot, and a data storage unit. The key management box can be used for recording and storing opening and closing information of a box door in the key management box and fetching and storage information, corresponding to the opening and closing information, of the intelligent key so as to supply a good key management reference to a manager, and the key management efficiency and the management security are improved.

Description

Key management box and key management system
Technical field
The utility model relates to administrative skill field in key, particularly relates to a kind of key management box and key management system.
Background technology
Generally, when having related to many keys, with regard to needs, face the problem that these keys are managed concentratedly.Therefore, key centralized management is applied to the fields such as hotel, dormitory, infrastructure management company, Luggage Deposit management unit, parking lot, house property medium more.For example, in recent years, in each big city, company of real estate intermediary is very general, their business is mainly responsible for the rent and sale in house, and due to business characteristic, the corresponding key that provides of some companies of real estate intermediary is managed on behalf of another service, owner is directly placed on key house property medium company, so that intermediary company is with client to see room at any time.Because source of houses key is very many, therefore, just need to manage each owner's key.
The method that the most traditional key centralized management adopts is with a large key floppy disc by all key chain together, for example, for example, for each key carries out mark (pasting label) or carries out mark (paste label or portray information with pen or pocket knife) in the relevant position of key floppy disc corresponding to each key, in use, key user takes away or takes off corresponding key from key floppy disc key floppy disc is whole.The shortcoming of this mode is: cannot know key use details, cannot know key user, cannot know whether key is given back, in addition, key or key floppy disc deposit the potential safety hazard that existence is very large.
Along with the evolution of management method in key, by boxes for keys, key is managed concentratedly and become gradually main flow.According to the management of boxes for keys, whether can realize intellectuality, current known boxes for keys is divided into two classes: a class is the boxes for keys of conventional management key, each on the key adhesive label know to distinguish, but, each borrowing while going back key all needs to register, such operation is wasted time and energy, and need to have special messenger's full-time administrative, management inconvenience.In addition, problem due to supervision, some house property middle man borrows while going back key and can not register, also give back not in time, other want not know with the people of key the whereabouts of key, time one is long, and the management of key is very chaotic, and therefore the work efficiency of intermediary company and key security are affected; Another kind of is to identify login personnel by fingerprint or magnetic card, by key lock, identify key plate and insert or extract information, realize the Intelligent key cabinet of key management, but, can only track the user who opens boxes for keys, but what cannot follow the trail of which user takes is which or which key, and still cannot follow the trail of borrowing time, overall arrangement trouble, is used inconvenience, management trouble.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of key management box and key management system, to solve in prior art managerial confusion and to have the problems such as potential safety hazard.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above and other technical matterss, the utility model provides a kind of key management box on the one hand, comprises key locker and is located at the control and management device in described key locker; Described key locker comprises: key casing, have can folding chamber door; Be located in described key casing, for the key cabin of placing Intelligent key; Described Intelligent key comprise key body and with the key identification card of described key body binding, on described key identification card with key identification chip; In described key cabin, be provided with the key slot of planting for the described key identification card in described Intelligent key; Described control and management device comprises: be located in described key casing, for the electronic access unit of opening described chamber door; Be disposed in described key cabin or described key slot, for reading the key card reader that is inserted in the described key identification card in described key slot; And be located at the data storage cell in described key casing, described data storage cell is connected with described key card reader with described electronic access unit, for recording and store the folding information of described chamber door and the access information of the described Intelligent key corresponding with described folding information.
Alternatively, the binding of described key body and described key identification card comprises physical bindings and system data binding, described physical bindings refers to described key body and described key identification card is serially connected by web member, and described system data binding refers to mates described key body information with the described key identification card information foundation in described key identification card.
Alternatively, described control and management device also comprises the setting unit arranging for the data binding/releasing data binding to the authority of opening the door of described electronic access unit, described key body and described key identification card, and described setting unit is stored in set configuration information in described data storage cell.
Alternatively, the key slot arranging in described key cabin is the gradient formula design that the high bottom land of notch is low.
Alternatively, described key identification card is provided with bayonet socket, and described key slot is provided with the buckle corresponding with described bayonet socket.
Alternatively, described bayonet socket is the breach of being located at relative two avris of described key identification card, and described buckle is to be located at least one avris and the elastic collet corresponding with described breach in described key slot; Or described bayonet socket is the hole clipping that runs through described key identification card, described buckle is to be located at upside or bottom side and the elastic projection corresponding with described hole clipping in described key slot.
Alternatively, described key identification chip is RFID label, is positioned at the front end of described key identification card, and described key identification card information is RFID electronic code; Described key card reader comprises RFID card reader and RFID antenna.
Alternatively, a described key card reader of the corresponding configuration in key cabin described in each, described key card reader comprises: corresponding with key slot described in each of described key cabin RFID antenna and with the suitable RFID card reader of described RFID antenna; A described key card reader of the corresponding configuration in key cabin described in each, described key card reader comprises: be built in respectively a plurality of RFID antennas in key slot described in each in described key cabin and with the suitable RFID card reader of RFID antenna described in each; Or, a described key card reader of the corresponding configuration of key slot described in each, described key card reader comprise RFID antenna being built in described key slot and with the suitable RFID card reader of described RFID antenna.
Alternatively, described electronic access unit comprises: be located at electronic lock and authentication information reader on described chamber door; With the authenticating unit that described authentication information reader is connected with described data storage cell, the authentication information that described authenticating unit reads described authentication information reader for the unlocking authority of storing according to described data storage cell carries out authentication; Be connected with described authenticating unit with described electronic lock, for control the access controller of the start of described electronic lock according to the authenticating result of described authenticating unit.
Alternatively, described control and management device also comprises: for monitoring a sensing unit that closes of opening the situation of closing for described chamber door; While surpassing a Preset Time for the opening time at described chamber door, send the Tip element that opens the door of information; For recording the timing unit of the time of described chamber door folding and the time that picks and places of described intelligent Intelligent key; And the statistic unit that counts the access information of the described Intelligent key that described memory box gets, described statistic unit is stored in described access information in described data storage cell, and described access information comprises the distribution of described key slot and the quantity of described Intelligent key of the plant of described Intelligent key.
Alternatively, described control and management device also comprises: the query unit of query function is provided, according to the querying condition of input, to described data storage cell, inquires about; The display unit being shown for the Query Result that described query unit is obtained from described data storage cell.
Alternatively, the folding information of described chamber door comprises the people's that unpacks identity information, chamber door opening time and the chamber door shut-in time, and the access information of described Intelligent key comprises the time of taking away and the resting period of key.
Alternatively, described control and management device also comprises: communication connection unit and/or data-interface; The data transmission unit being connected with described data storage cell, for uploading the folding information of described chamber door and the access information of the described Intelligent key corresponding with described folding information.
The utility model provides a kind of key management system on the other hand, it is characterized in that, comprise: key management box as above, also have: as the first communication connection unit of communication connection and be connected with described data storage cell and communicate to connect the first data transmit-receive unit that unit implementation data is transmitted by described first, described data comprise the folding information of described chamber door and the access information of the described Intelligent key corresponding with described folding information; Key management data center with described key management box establishes a communications link, comprising: as the second communication linkage unit of communication connection, for receiving the second data transmit-receive unit of the data of being transmitted by described the first data transmit-receive unit by described key management box by described second communication linkage unit and being recorded the data bank of putting on record for the described data that described the second data transmit-receive unit is received.
Alternatively, described key management data center also comprises: for each key management box being managed to the management setting unit of setting, described management setting unit will arrange result store in described data bank, described management setting comprise to each key management box be numbered and location position, in the unlocking authority of the corresponding electronic lock of each key management box, each key management box one or more setting the in the binding of key body in corresponding each Intelligent key of taking in and key identification card; Provide the query unit of query function, for inquiring about to the described data storage cell of key management box described in each or in described data bank according to the querying condition of input; And the display unit being shown for the Query Result that described query unit is obtained.
Alternatively, described key management system also comprises: establish a communications link with described key management data center and/or described key management box, for accessing the access terminal of described key management data center and/or described key management box.
As mentioned above, the key management box that the utility model provides and key management system, the key card reader that key management box wherein includes electronic access unit and can read Intelligent Recognition card in Intelligent key, thereby can record and storing keys management box in the folding information of chamber door and the access information of the described Intelligent key corresponding with described folding information, for supvr provides better key management reference, key management efficiency and Administrative Security have been improved.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the overall perspective view of the utility model key management box;
Fig. 2 is the side view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of key slot and the key identification card that coordinates with described key slot in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the theory diagram of control and management device in the first embodiment in the utility model key management box;
Fig. 5 is control and management device theory diagram in a second embodiment in the utility model key management box;
Fig. 6 is the theory diagram of control and management device in the 3rd embodiment in the utility model key management box;
Fig. 7 is the system chart of the utility model key management system in the first embodiment;
Fig. 8 is the theory diagram of the utility model key management system in the first embodiment; And
Fig. 9 is the utility model key management system system chart in a second embodiment.
Embodiment
By specific instantiation, embodiment of the present utility model is described below, those skilled in the art can understand other advantages of the present utility model and effect easily by the disclosed content of this instructions.The utility model can also be implemented or be applied by other different embodiment, and the every details in this instructions also can be based on different viewpoints and application, carries out various modifications or change not deviating under spirit of the present utility model.
It should be noted that, appended graphic the illustrated structure of this instructions, ratio, size etc., equal contents in order to coordinate instructions to disclose only, for person skilled in the art scholar, understand and read, not in order to limit the enforceable qualifications of the utility model, therefore the technical essential meaning of tool not, the adjustment of the modification of any structure, the change of proportionate relationship or size, do not affecting under the effect that the utility model can produce and the object that can reach, all should still drop on the technology contents that the utility model discloses and obtain in the scope that can contain.Simultaneously, in this instructions, quote as " on ", the term of D score, " left side ", " right side ", " centre " and " " etc., also only for ease of understanding of narrating, but not in order to limit the enforceable scope of the utility model, the change of its relativeness or adjustment, under without essence change technology contents, when being also considered as the enforceable category of the utility model.
Refer to Fig. 1 to Fig. 2, wherein, Fig. 1 is the overall perspective view of the utility model key management box, the side view that Fig. 2 is Fig. 1.The utility model key management box 1 can be applicable to the fields such as hotel, dormitory, infrastructure management company, Luggage Deposit management unit, parking lot, house property medium, for related key in these a few fields is managed concentratedly.From Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, can find out, the utility model key management box 1 integral body comprises key locker and be located at the control and management device in described key locker, and wherein, key locker at least comprises: key casing 11, have can folding chamber door 12, this chamber door 12 disposes electronic access unit, in key casing 11, dispose for one or more keys cabin 13 of placing Intelligent key, described Intelligent key comprises key body and the key identification card of binding with described key body, a plurality of keys cabin 13 is setting up and down as drawer-like, in each key cabin 13, be equipped with a plurality of key slots 131 that are arranged side by side, each key slot 131 all can provide a key identification card in Intelligent key to plant, each key cabin 13 disposes in key card reader that a confession reads the key identification card being inserted in key slot 131 or each key slot 131 and is built-in with for the key card reader that reads the key identification card being inserted in key slot 131 (for key card reader, be detailed later).
It should be noted that, in the present embodiment: key casing 11, is roughly cubical case structure.Chamber door 12 disposes electronic access unit.Chamber door 12 preferably can be designed to transparent (for example adopting tempered glass or acrylic board), so, can directly observe the integral status of the Intelligent key of interior each key slot 131 of key casing 11 and plant thereof.
As previously mentioned, described Intelligent key further comprise key body and with the key identification card of described key body binding, on described key identification card with key identification chip.In actual applications, described binding specifically comprises physical bindings and system data binding.Described physical bindings refers to described key body and described key identification card (for example: this key identification card can offer a hanging hole) is serially connected by web member, this web member can be such as being key-ring or self-locking cable strap etc., preferably, can be more lead sealing.The binding of described system data refers to mates described key body information (for example, the community in key owner's information, room that key is corresponding and number etc.) with the described key identification card information foundation in described key identification card.As previously mentioned; the key identification card that disposes key identification chip need to be inserted in key slot 131; therefore; the size of described key identification card is corresponding with key slot 131; and in order to protect better built-in key identification chip and the smooth and easy of operation of planting; preferably, described key identification card integral body by dripping, make or on described key identification card, be coated a compound protective layer by glue, and fillet processing is done in each corner.
Further, we know, when described key identification card is inserted in key slot 131 when interior, the described key body being connected with described key identification card is just in hanging state, due to the Action of Gravity Field of described key body, can produce the power of a pulling to the described key identification card being inserted in key slot 131.In view of this, for described key identification card is firmly inserted in key slot 131, in the present embodiment, especially, the key slot 131 arranging in key cabin 13 is designed to the gradient formula that the high bottom land of notch is low, the angle of inclination beta of this gradient is for example 15 ° to 35 °, and preferably, angle of inclination beta is 20 ° to 30 °.When described key identification card is inserted in key slot 131 when interior, described key identification card is that mode under being tilted to is planted, so, even if the described key body of hanging can produce the power of a pulling to the described key identification card being inserted in key slot 131, but be somebody's turn to do the clip effect due to the key slot 131 of gradient formula design, can guarantee that described key identification card is firmly inserted in key slot 131.
Again further, between described Intelligent Recognition card and described key slot 131, buckle structure can also be additionally set, preferably, in described buckle structure, comprise bayonet socket and the buckle corresponding with described bayonet socket, particularly, described key identification card is provided with bayonet socket, and key slot 131 is provided with the buckle corresponding with described bayonet socket.In one embodiment, refer to Fig. 3, key identification card 20 designs for card form, and each corner is made fillet and is processed, its rear end offers a hanging hole, its front end has the chip area 201 for configuration key identification chip, the bayonet socket 203 that key identification card 20 arranges is for being positioned at two breach of relative two avris of key identification card 20, the buckle 132 that key slot 131 arranges is for being arranged in the elastic collet of key slot 131 at least one avris, here, breach as bayonet socket 203 is two and lays respectively at relative two avris, so, just can exempt the plant of key identification card and must first check the loaded down with trivial details step of pros and cons, no matter that front or reverse side plant all can be not influenced.In actual applications, when key identification card 20 is inserted in key slot 131 when interior, in the process of planting: first under the effect of the front end of key identification card 20, the stressed key slot 131 that is recessed in of elastic collet 132; Afterwards, plant is to breach 203 appearance and be right against elastic collet 132, and now, elastic collet 132 just naturally ejects and correspondence is snapped in breach 203, thereby key identification card 20 is positioned in key slot 131.Above are only a preferred embodiment, but not as limit, for example, in another embodiment, described bayonet socket also can be for running through the hole clipping of described key identification card, for example this hole clipping is arranged on described key identification card central position, and described buckle is to be located at upside or bottom side and the elastic projection corresponding with described hole clipping in described key slot.As from the foregoing, the extra buckle structure arranging, there is following effect: 1, increase the feel (thering is paragraph sense) that key identification card is planted, 2, can strengthen key identification card and be inserted in the stable degree in key slot, prevent accidental (security function of similar key slot gradient formula design).
Refer to Fig. 4, it has shown the theory diagram of control and management device in the first embodiment in the utility model key management box.As shown in Figure 4, described control and management device at least comprises: power supply (not shown in graphic), electronic access unit 14, close a sensing unit 151, the Tip element 152 that opens the door, key card reader 153, timing unit 154, statistic unit 155, data storage cell 156, setting unit 157.
Described power supply is used for providing electric power support.In the present embodiment, described power supply be input as civil power, it is output as direct current, particularly, the parameter of described power supply, is input as AC220V, is output as DC12V, electric current is 2.1A.
Electronic access unit 14, opens chamber door 12 for authorizing.In the present embodiment, electronic access unit 14 further comprises: the authenticating unit 145 that be located at electronic lock 141 on chamber door 12, authentication information reader 143, is connected with authentication information reader 143 with data storage cell 156, the access controller 147 being connected with authenticating unit 145 with electronic lock 141.Particularly, authentication information reader 143 reads the authentication information that user provides, and the described authentication information obtaining is offered to authenticating unit 145, authenticating unit 145 is by described authentication information to the unlocking authority of storage in data storage cell 156 authentication of comparing.If authenticating result when meeting, sends information that an authentication passes through to access controller 147, by access controller 147, to electronic lock 141 output steering orders, to control electronic lock 141 starts, open chamber door 12; If authenticating result is not for meeting or during failed authentication, can take following any mode: send the information of a failed authentication to access controller 147, access controller 147 is according to the information of described failed authentication or to electronic lock 141 output steering orders or to electronic lock 141, do not export steering orders to make electronic lock 141 keep closed conditions; Or, just simply do not do to control and process (that is: do not send the instruction of opening the door, do not send the instruction that maintenance is closed yet), but can send abnormal instruction, send abnormal prompt sound.In actual applications, electronic access unit 14 can be such as card-scanning type electronic lock, keyboard-type Puzzle electronic lock, finger-print type electronic lock or other similar electronic locks etc.For card-scanning type electronic lock, authentication information reader 143 is card reader, for reading the information of access card/employee job card/authorization card; For keyboard-type Puzzle electronic lock, authentication information reader 143 is scrambler, for example, for reading in the password of keyboard (numerical key) input; For finger-print type electronic lock, authentication information reader is fingerprint machine, the finger print information of pressing for obtaining user.The technology that the principle of work of locking due to these electron-likes has been well known to those skilled in the art, therefore no longer repeat at this.Further, above-mentioned electronic lock 141, except conventional electronic cutting lock function, also can additionally have the unlocking function (that is, the combination of conventional electrical lock and mechanical lock) of physical key if desired.By the unlocking function of physical key, can can directly open chamber door 12 by key, in actual applications, key management box 1 is power-off (cannot provide civil power) in the situation that, other electron device unregulated powers in key management box 1, reserve battery in key management box 1 is enabled but is only offered electronic lock 141, now, can directly open chamber door 12 by key.
Close a sensing unit 151, for monitoring the situation of closing of opening of described chamber door.In actual applications, closing a sensing unit 151 can adopt photovoltaic principals and single-chip microcomputer coding techniques to determine the open and-shut mode of chamber door 12.In the present embodiment, timing unit 154 with close a sensing unit 151 and be connected, once closing a sensing unit 151 detects chamber door 12 and is opened or has been closed, to timing unit 154, send a timing instruction, by timing unit 154, according to described timing instruction, start timing, the time of described timing comprises date (year, month, day) and time information.
The Tip element 152 that opens the door, sends information while surpassing a Preset Time for the opening time at chamber door 12.In the present embodiment, when closing a sensing unit 151, chamber door 12 detected and be opened, timing unit 154 just starts timing, the duration of opening of the chamber door 12 being recorded to when timing unit 154 (, while opening time) surpassing a Preset Time, to access controller 147, send a signal, by access controller 147, according to this signal controlling Tip element 152 that opens the door, send an information, to point out user or other people chamber door 12 opening and need to close in time.In actual applications, the Tip element 152 that opens the door can be alarm or illuminator, by sending chimes of doom or lamp bright (flicker), reminds.
Key card reader 153, is built in key slot 131, for reading the key identification card that is inserted in key slot 131.In actual applications, key card reader 153 is to be disposed in key cabin 13 or key slot 131, thereby can read the key identification card being inserted in key slot 131.In the present embodiment, the described key identification chip in described key identification card is RFID label, and key card reader 153 comprises RFID card reader and RFID antenna.Described RFID label is positioned at the front end of described key identification card, be convenient to keep communication field intensity with RFID card reader, specifically comprise coupling element and chip, each RFID label all has unique electronic code (No. ID), described RFID card reader can read by RFID antenna the information of described RFID label, and described RFID antenna for transmitting radiofrequency signal between described RFID label and described RFID card reader.Under a kind of situation, a key card reader 153 of each key cabin 13 corresponding configuration,, key card reader 153 comprises: corresponding with each key slot 131 in a key cabin 13 RFID antenna and with the suitable RFID card reader of described RFID antenna, wherein, described RFID antenna and described RFID card reader can be arranged on key cabin 13 a certain side, directly over or under.Generally speaking, this kind of configuration has advantages of simple in structure and cost economy.Under another kind of situation, a key card reader 153 of each key cabin 13 corresponding configuration, , key card reader 153 further comprises: be built in respectively a plurality of RFID antennas in each key slot 131 that belongs to key cabin 13 and with the suitable RFID card reader of RFID antenna described in each, wherein, described RFID antenna is that corresponding laminating key slot 131 is arranged, thereby can obtain the large as far as possible region of reading, so, utilize a RFID card reader to can read the Intelligent Recognition card of all Intelligent key of planting in each key slot 131 in a key cabin 13.And under another situation, a key card reader 153 of each key slot 131 corresponding configuration,, key card reader 153 further comprise RFID antenna being built in key slot 131 and with the suitable RFID card reader of described RFID antenna, here, described RFID antenna and described RFID card reader are that corresponding laminating key slot 131 is arranged, thereby can obtain the large as far as possible region of reading.RFID radio-frequency (RF) identification is a kind of contactless automatic identification technology, and it is automatically identified destination object and obtained related data by radiofrequency signal, and identification work need not manual intervention, can work in various environment, swift and convenient to operate.
In the present embodiment, timing unit 154 is also connected with key card reader 153, and timing unit 154 carries out corresponding timing recording according to the action of reading of key card reader 153.When user is inserted in key slot 131 by the described key identification card in described Intelligent key, key card reader 153 can read the information of described key identification card, simultaneously, timing unit 154 can be recorded the time that this key card reader 153 reads, by plant time or the time of giving back that now interocclusal record is described Intelligent key; On the other hand, when user extracts the described key identification card in described Intelligent key from key slot 131, key card reader 153 can read the information of described key identification card, simultaneously, timing unit 154 can be recorded the time that this key card reader 153 reads, by the time of taking away that now interocclusal record is described Intelligent key.So, by the cooperation of key card reader 153 and timing unit 154, can realize the record of the time that picks and places of described Intelligent key.
In addition, utilize key card reader 153 to read the information of the described key identification card in described Intelligent key, can also mate checking to described Intelligent key and key slot 131, can judge described Intelligent key and whether occur the wrong problem of planting.For realizing above-mentioned functions, especially, we can for example, also configure a warning light in the relevant position (top of key slot 131) of each key slot 131, when user is inserted in key slot 131 by the described key identification card in described Intelligent key, key card reader 153 can read the information of described key identification card, and whether the described key identification card information that judgement reads is corresponding with the key identification card information of mating in this key slot 131 prestoring.If consistent through judging both, verify current described Intelligent key plant correct position, like this, the pilot lamp that corresponding key slot 131 configures can show the correct information (for example pilot lamp is shown in green) of planting; If inconsistent through judging both, verify current described Intelligent key plant positional fault (be wrong plug key slot 131), like this, the pilot lamp that corresponding key slot 131 configures can show the incorrect information (for example pilot lamp is shown in red) of planting, and reminds user described Intelligent key should be planted in the key slot 131 mating.
Statistic unit 155 reads obtained reading result for the key identification card of key slot described in each of correspondence being planted according to key card reader described in each, counts the access information of the described Intelligent key in described casing.In the present embodiment, statistic unit 155 is connected with data storage cell 156 with key card reader 153, thereby can obtain the access information of the described Intelligent key in described casing.Particularly, under a kind of situation, when closing a sensing unit 151, chamber door 12 detected and be closed, triggering 153 pairs of each key card reader key slot 131 separately reads, utilize statistic unit 155 to obtain key casing 11 interior current key access informations, current key access information and the access information recording recently are before contrasted, thereby learn Intelligent key in process is opened the door in this time access situation (that is, such as: deposited which Intelligent key, which has taken away quantity of Intelligent key, existing Intelligent key etc.), under another kind of situation, for example, while powering on again (: power-off--> start or shutdown--> start) after key management box 1 power-off, triggering 153 pairs of each key card reader key slot 131 separately reads, utilize statistic unit 155 to obtain key casing 11 interior current key access informations, the access information recording recently before current key access information and power-off is contrasted, thereby whether the access situation of learning Intelligent key in this power process exists variation (for example: in power process, judge whether that people is opened and deposit and/or taken away the situation of Intelligent key by electronic lock 141), under another situation, after certain interval of time (described interval time can be self-defined), triggering 153 pairs of each key card reader key slot 131 separately reads, utilize statistic unit 155 to obtain key casing 11 interior current key access informations, thereby upgrade and record recent key access information.
Setting unit 157, for arranging the binding/unbind of the unlocking authority of electronic lock, described key body and described key identification card.For the data binding between described key body and described key identification card, specifically comprise that the information of registering key body (take infrastructure management company as example, the ontology information section of the key that it is related comprises such as: the owner of key, property address, room explanation or other descriptors etc. that this key is corresponding), input the RFID electronic code of described Intelligent Recognition card, then described key body information is set up and mated with the RFID electronic code of described key identification card.
Data storage cell 156, for recording and store the folding information of described chamber door, the access information that the access information of the described Intelligent key corresponding with described folding information, configuration information that setting unit 157 provides and statistic unit 155 provide.In actual applications, data storage cell 156 can be stored preset data, real time data and data cached.In the present embodiment, the folding information of described chamber door comprises the people's that unpacks identity information, chamber door opening time and the chamber door shut-in time, and the access information of described Intelligent key comprises the time of taking away and the resting period of key.Preferably, data storage cell 156 is for example hard disk, nonvolatile memory or Flash flash memory.
Refer to Fig. 5, it has shown control and management device theory diagram in a second embodiment in the utility model key management box.As shown in Figure 5, described control and management device at least comprises: power supply (not shown in graphic), electronic access unit 14, close a sensing unit 151, the Tip element 152 that opens the door, key card reader 153, timing unit 154, statistic unit 155, data storage cell 156, setting unit 157, query unit 161 and display unit 163.
Than the first embodiment, in a second embodiment, query unit 161 and display unit 163 have been increased, wherein, query unit 161 provides query function, for inquiring about according to querying condition to the data storage cell 156 of input, 163 of display units are shown the storage data of data storage cell 156 for the search request getting according to query unit 161, so, key management person can learn the folding information of chamber door 12 and the access information of described Intelligent key by query unit 161 and the shown storage data of display unit 163.In actual applications, a preferred embodiment can be: on key casing 11, configure a touch-control display panel, by touch-control display panel, enter query interface, input inquiry condition in query interface, by query unit 161, according to the querying condition of input, to data storage cell 156, inquired about, if inquire the storage data that meet querying condition in data storage cell 156, by display unit 163 (being touch-control display panel), Query Result is shown again.
Refer to Fig. 6, it has shown the theory diagram of control and management device in the 3rd embodiment in the utility model key management box.As shown in Figure 5, described control and management device at least comprises: power supply (not shown in graphic), electronic access unit 14, close a sensing unit 151, the Tip element 152 that opens the door, key card reader 153, timing unit 154, statistic unit 155, data storage cell 156, setting unit 157, communication connection unit 171 and/or data-interface 173 and data transmission unit 175.
Than the first embodiment, in the 3rd embodiment, increased communication connection unit 171 and/or data-interface 173 and data transmission unit 175, wherein, communication connection unit 171 and/or data-interface 173 are for establishing a communications link with other equipment or remote equipment.In the present embodiment, communication connection unit 171 can be that 100,000,000/PCI-Express coordinates network interface (such as RJ-45), wireless network card (WiFi module), Mobile data card (GPRS module, 3G data card, LTE data card), Zigbee module etc., and data-interface 173 can be USB interface, Mini USB interface, Micro USB interface, com interface etc.Data transmission unit 175 is connected with described data storage cell 156, for being uploaded by the folding information of described chamber door and with the access information of described Intelligent key corresponding to described folding information, for other equipment that establish a communications link or remote equipment, obtain above-mentioned information after establishing a communications link with other equipment or remote equipment by communication connection unit 171 and/or data-interface 173.Further, the information of data transmission unit 175 transmissions can adopt multiple send mode, such as: trigger control and send the modes such as (modes such as input transmission order or click of putting forward with user trigger), timing automatic transmission (such as the time every a setting sends automatically by timing unit 154), transmission in real time.
Refer to Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, wherein, Fig. 7 has shown the system chart of the utility model key management system in the first embodiment, and Fig. 8 is the theory diagram in Fig. 7.As shown in Figure 7, key management system of the present utility model comprises: key management data center 3 and the one or more key management boxes 2 that establish a communications link with key management data center 3, each key management box 2 is distributed in everywhere, respectively the access information of the folding information of the chamber door under separately and the Intelligent key corresponding with described folding information is uploaded to key management data center 3, by key management data center 3, these data are gathered, for supvr provides better key management reference, key management efficiency and Administrative Security have been improved.
In conjunction with Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, key management box 2 comprises key locker and be located at the control and management device in described key locker, and wherein, described key locker at least comprises: key casing 21, have can folding chamber door 22, this chamber door 22 disposes electronic access unit; In key casing 21, dispose for one or more keys cabin 23 of placing Intelligent key, a plurality of keys cabin 23 is setting up and down as drawer-like, in each key cabin 23, be equipped with a plurality of key slots 231 that are arranged side by side, each key slot 231 all can provide a key identification card in Intelligent key to plant, and each key cabin 23 disposes in key card reader that a confession reads the key identification card being inserted in key slot 231 or each key slot 231 and is built-in with for the key card reader that reads the key identification card being inserted in key slot 231.
In the present embodiment: key casing 21, is roughly cubical case structure.Chamber door 22 disposes electronic access unit.Chamber door 22 preferably can be designed to transparent (for example adopting tempered glass or acrylic board), so, can directly observe the integral status of the Intelligent key of interior each key slot 131 of key casing 11 and plant thereof.
Described Intelligent key further comprise key body and with the key identification card of described key body binding, on described key identification card with key identification chip.In actual applications, described binding specifically comprises physical bindings and system data binding.Described physical bindings refers to described key body and described key identification card (for example: this key identification card can offer a hanging hole) is serially connected by web member, this web member can be such as being key-ring or self-locking cable strap etc., preferably, can be more lead sealing.The binding of described system data refers to mates described key body information (for example, the community in key owner's information, room that key is corresponding and number etc.) with the described key identification card information foundation in described key identification card.As previously mentioned; the key identification card that disposes key identification chip need to be inserted in key slot 231; therefore; the size of described key identification card is corresponding with key slot 231; and in order to protect better built-in key identification chip and the smooth and easy of operation of planting; preferably, described key identification card integral body by dripping, make or on described key identification card, be coated a compound protective layer by glue, and fillet processing is done in each corner.
Further, for described key identification card is firmly inserted in key slot 231, in the present embodiment, especially, the key slot 231 arranging in key cabin 23 is designed to the gradient formula that the high bottom land of notch is low, the angle of inclination beta of this gradient is for example 15 ° to 35 °, and preferably, angle of inclination beta is 20 ° to 30 °.When described key identification card is inserted in key slot 231 when interior, described key identification card is that mode under being tilted to is planted, so, even if the described key body of hanging can produce the power of a pulling to the described key identification card being inserted in key slot 231, but be somebody's turn to do the clip effect due to the key slot 231 of gradient formula design, can guarantee that described key identification card is firmly inserted in key slot 231.
Again further, between described Intelligent Recognition card and described key slot 231, buckle structure can also be additionally set, preferably, in described buckle structure, comprise bayonet socket and the buckle corresponding with described bayonet socket, particularly, described key identification card is provided with bayonet socket, and key slot 231 is provided with the buckle corresponding with described bayonet socket.In one embodiment, the bayonet socket of described key identification card setting is two breach that are positioned at relative two avris of described key identification card, the buckle of described key slot setting is the elastic collet that is arranged in key slot 231 at least one avris, here, described breach as bayonet socket is two and lays respectively at relative two avris, no matter so, just can exempt described key identification card and plant and must first check the loaded down with trivial details step of pros and cons, be that front or reverse side plant all can be not influenced.In actual applications, when described key identification card is inserted in key slot 231 when interior, in the process of planting: first under the effect of the front end of described key identification card, the stressed key slot 231 that is recessed in of described elastic collet; Afterwards, plant is to described breach appearance and be right against described elastic collet, and now, described elastic collet just naturally ejects and correspondence is snapped in described breach, thereby described key identification card is positioned in key slot 231.Above are only a preferred embodiment, but not as limit, for example, in another embodiment, described bayonet socket also can be for running through the hole clipping of described key identification card, for example this hole clipping is arranged on described key identification card central position, and described buckle is to be located at upside or bottom side and the elastic projection corresponding with described hole clipping in described key slot.As from the foregoing, the extra buckle structure arranging, there is following effect: 1, increase the feel (thering is paragraph sense) that key identification card is planted, 2, can strengthen key identification card and be inserted in the stable degree in key slot, prevent accidental (security function of similar key slot gradient formula design).
As shown in Figure 8, the control and management device in key management box 2 at least comprises: power supply (not shown in graphic), electronic access unit 24, close a sensing unit 251, the Tip element 252 that opens the door, key card reader 253, timing unit 254, statistic unit 255, data storage cell 256, setting unit 257, the first communication connection unit 271 and the first data transmit-receive unit 273; The key management data center 3 establishing a communications link with key management box 2 comprises: data bank 311, management setting unit 313, second communication linkage unit 315, the second data transmit-receive unit 317, query unit 318 and display unit 319.
Described power supply is used for providing electric power support.In the present embodiment, described power supply be input as civil power, it is output as direct current, particularly, the parameter of described power supply, is input as AC220V, is output as DC12V, electric current is 2.1A.
Electronic access unit 24, opens chamber door 22 for authorizing.In the present embodiment, electronic access unit 24 further comprises: the authenticating unit 245 that be located at electronic lock 241 on chamber door 22, authentication information reader 243, is connected with authentication information reader 243 with data storage cell 256, the access controller 247 being connected with authenticating unit 245 with electronic lock 241.Particularly, authentication information reader 243 reads the authentication information that user provides, and the described authentication information obtaining is offered to authenticating unit 245, authenticating unit 245 is by described authentication information to the unlocking authority of storage in data storage cell 256 authentication of comparing.If authenticating result when meeting, sends information that an authentication passes through to access controller 247, by access controller 247, to electronic lock 241 output steering orders, to control electronic lock 241 starts, open chamber door 22; If authenticating result is not for meeting or during failed authentication, can take following any mode: send the information of a failed authentication to access controller 247, access controller 247 is according to the information of described failed authentication or to electronic lock 241 output steering orders or to electronic lock 241, do not export steering orders to make electronic lock 241 keep closed conditions; Or, just simply do not do to control and process (that is: do not send the instruction of opening the door, do not send the instruction that maintenance is closed yet), but can send abnormal instruction, send abnormal prompt sound.In actual applications, electronic access unit 24 can be such as card-scanning type electronic lock, keyboard-type Puzzle electronic lock, finger-print type electronic lock or other similar electronic locks etc.For card-scanning type electronic lock, authentication information reader 243 is card reader, for reading the information of access card/employee job card/authorization card; For keyboard-type Puzzle electronic lock, authentication information reader 243 is scrambler, for example, for reading in the password of keyboard (numerical key) input; For finger-print type electronic lock, authentication information reader is fingerprint machine, the finger print information of pressing for obtaining user.The technology that the principle of work of locking due to these electron-likes has been well known to those skilled in the art, therefore no longer repeat at this.Further, above-mentioned electronic lock 241, except conventional electronic cutting lock function, also can additionally have the unlocking function (that is, the combination of conventional electrical lock and mechanical lock) of physical key if desired.By the unlocking function of physical key, can can directly open chamber door 22 by key, in actual applications, key management box 2 is power-off (cannot provide civil power) in the situation that, other electron device unregulated powers in key management box 2, reserve battery in key management box 2 is enabled but is only offered electronic lock 241, now, can directly open chamber door 22 by key.
Close a sensing unit 251, for monitoring the situation of closing of opening of described chamber door.In actual applications, closing a sensing unit 251 can adopt photovoltaic principals and single-chip microcomputer coding techniques to determine the open and-shut mode of chamber door 22.In the present embodiment, timing unit 254 with close a sensing unit 251 and be connected, once closing a sensing unit 251 detects chamber door 22 and is opened or has been closed, to timing unit 254, send a timing instruction, by timing unit 254, according to described timing instruction, start timing, the time of described timing comprises date (year, month, day) and time information.
The Tip element 252 that opens the door, sends information while surpassing a Preset Time for the opening time at chamber door 22.In the present embodiment, when closing a sensing unit 251, chamber door 22 detected and be opened, timing unit 254 just starts timing, the duration of opening of the chamber door 22 being recorded to when timing unit 254 (, while opening time) surpassing a Preset Time, to access controller 247, send a signal, by access controller 247, according to this signal controlling Tip element 252 that opens the door, send an information, to point out user or other people chamber door 22 opening and need to close in time.In actual applications, the Tip element 252 that opens the door can be alarm or illuminator, by sending chimes of doom or lamp bright (flicker), reminds.
Key card reader 253, is built in key slot 231, for reading the key identification card that is inserted in key slot 231.In actual applications, key card reader 253 is to be disposed in key cabin 23 or key slot 231, thereby can read the key identification card being inserted in key slot 231.In the present embodiment, the described key identification chip in described key identification card is RFID label, and key card reader 253 comprises RFID card reader and RFID antenna.Described RFID label is positioned at the front end of described key identification card, be convenient to keep communication field intensity with RFID card reader, specifically comprise coupling element and chip, each RFID label all has unique electronic code (No. ID), described RFID card reader can read by RFID antenna the information of described RFID label, and described RFID antenna for transmitting radiofrequency signal between described RFID label and described RFID card reader.Under a kind of situation, a key card reader 253 of each key cabin 23 corresponding configuration,, key card reader 253 comprises: corresponding with each key slot 231 in a key cabin 23 RFID antenna and with the suitable RFID card reader of described RFID antenna, wherein, described RFID antenna and described RFID card reader can be arranged on key cabin 23 a certain side, directly over or under.Generally speaking, this kind of configuration has advantages of simple in structure and cost economy.Under another kind of situation, a key card reader 253 of each key cabin 23 corresponding configuration, , key card reader 253 further comprises: be built in respectively a plurality of RFID antennas in each key slot 231 that belongs to key cabin 23 and with the suitable RFID card reader of RFID antenna described in each, wherein, described RFID antenna is that corresponding laminating key slot 231 is arranged, thereby can obtain the large as far as possible region of reading, so, utilize a RFID card reader to can read the Intelligent Recognition card of all Intelligent key of planting in each key slot 231 in a key cabin 23.And under another situation, a key card reader 253 of each key slot 231 corresponding configuration,, key card reader 253 further comprise RFID antenna being built in key slot 231 and with the suitable RFID card reader of described RFID antenna, here, described RFID antenna and described RFID card reader are that corresponding laminating key slot 231 is arranged, thereby can obtain the large as far as possible region of reading.RFID radio-frequency (RF) identification is a kind of contactless automatic identification technology, and it is automatically identified destination object and obtained related data by radiofrequency signal, and identification work need not manual intervention, can work in various environment, swift and convenient to operate.
In the present embodiment, timing unit 254 is also connected with key card reader 253, and timing unit 254 carries out corresponding timing recording according to the action of reading of key card reader 253.When user is inserted in key slot 231 by the described key identification card in described Intelligent key, key card reader 253 can read the information of described key identification card, simultaneously, timing unit 254 can be recorded the time that this key card reader 253 reads, by plant time or the time of giving back that now interocclusal record is described Intelligent key; On the other hand, when user extracts the described key identification card in described Intelligent key from key slot 231, key card reader 253 can read the information of described key identification card, simultaneously, timing unit 254 can be recorded the time that this key card reader 253 reads, by the time of taking away that now interocclusal record is described Intelligent key.So, by the cooperation of key card reader 253 and timing unit 254, can realize the record of the time that picks and places of described Intelligent key.
In addition, utilize key card reader 253 to read the information of the described key identification card in described Intelligent key, can also mate checking to described Intelligent key and key slot 231, can judge described Intelligent key and whether occur the wrong problem of planting.For realizing above-mentioned functions, especially, we can for example, also configure a warning light in the relevant position (top of key slot 231) of each key slot 231, when user is inserted in key slot 231 by the described key identification card in described Intelligent key, key card reader 253 can read the information of described key identification card, and whether the described key identification card information that judgement reads is corresponding with the key identification card information of mating in this key slot 231 prestoring.If consistent through judging both, verify current described Intelligent key plant correct position, like this, the pilot lamp that corresponding key slot 231 configures can show the correct information (for example pilot lamp is shown in green) of planting; If inconsistent through judging both, verify current described Intelligent key plant positional fault (be wrong plug key slot 231), like this, the pilot lamp that corresponding key slot 231 configures can show the incorrect information (for example pilot lamp is shown in red) of planting, and reminds user described Intelligent key should be planted in the key slot 231 mating.
Statistic unit 255 reads obtained reading result for the key identification card of key slot described in each of correspondence being planted according to key card reader described in each, counts the access information of the described Intelligent key in described casing.In the present embodiment, statistic unit 255 is connected with data storage cell 256 with key card reader 253, thereby can obtain the access information of the described Intelligent key in described casing.Particularly, under a kind of situation, when closing a sensing unit 251, chamber door 22 detected and be closed, triggering 253 pairs of each key card reader key slot 231 separately reads, utilize statistic unit 255 to obtain key casing 21 interior current key access informations, current key access information and the access information recording recently are before contrasted, thereby learn Intelligent key in process is opened the door in this time access situation (that is, such as: deposited which Intelligent key, which has taken away quantity of Intelligent key, existing Intelligent key etc.), under another kind of situation, for example, while powering on again (: power-off--> start or shutdown--> start) after key management box 2 power-off, triggering 253 pairs of each key card reader key slot 231 separately reads, utilize statistic unit 255 to obtain key casing 21 interior current key access informations, the access information recording recently before current key access information and power-off is contrasted, thereby whether the access situation of learning Intelligent key in this power process exists variation (for example: in power process, judge whether that people is opened and deposit and/or taken away the situation of Intelligent key by electronic lock 241), under another situation, after certain interval of time (described interval time can be self-defined), triggering 253 pairs of each key card reader key slot 231 separately reads, utilize statistic unit 255 to obtain key casing 21 interior current key access informations, thereby upgrade and record recent key access information.
Setting unit 257, for arranging the binding/unbind of the unlocking authority of electronic lock, described key body and described key identification card.For the data binding between described key body and described key identification card, specifically comprise that the information of registering key body ((take infrastructure management company as example, the ontology information section of the key that it is related comprises such as: the owner of key, property address, room explanation or other descriptors etc. that this key is corresponding), input the RFID electronic code of described Intelligent Recognition card, then described key body information is set up and mated with the RFID electronic code of described key identification card.
Data storage cell 256, for recording and store the folding information of described chamber door, the access information that the access information of the described Intelligent key corresponding with described folding information, configuration information that setting unit 257 provides and statistic unit 255 provide.In actual applications, data storage cell 256 can be stored preset data, real time data and data cached.In the present embodiment, the folding information of described chamber door comprises the people's that unpacks identity information, chamber door opening time and the chamber door shut-in time, and the access information of described Intelligent key comprises the time of taking away and the resting period of key.Preferably, data storage cell 256 is for example hard disk, nonvolatile memory or Flash flash memory.
Key management box 2 establishes a communications link by the first communication connection unit 271 and second communication linkage unit 315Er Yu key management data center 3.The first communication connection unit 271 and mutual corresponding matching of second communication linkage unit 315, in the present embodiment, the first communication connection unit 271 and second communication linkage unit 315 can be that 100,000,000/PCI-Express coordinates network interface (such as RJ-45), wireless network card (WiFi module), Mobile data card (GPRS module, 3G data card, LTE data card) etc.
The first data transmit-receive unit 273 is connected with data storage cell 256, the second data transmit-receive unit 317 is connected with data bank 311, after key management box 2 establishes a communications link by the first communication connection unit 271 and second communication linkage unit 315Er Yu key management data center 3, the information of utilizing the second data transmit-receive unit 317 in the first data transmit-receive unit 273He key management data center 3 in key management box 2 can realize both passes mutually.Particularly: at key management box 2 after key management data center 3 establishes a communications link, on the one hand, the first data transmit-receive unit 273 by the data of data storage cell 256 storage (such as: in the unlocking authority of the electronic lock of setting, Intelligent key key body with the information of the binding/unbind of key identification card, the folding information of chamber door 22 and with the access information of Intelligent key corresponding to described folding information etc.) uploaded for after the second data transmit-receive unit 317 receptions in key management data center 3, these information being stored in data bank 311; On the other hand, the second data transmit-receive unit 317 by institute's canned data in that set or the data bank 311 of management setting unit 313 (such as: the information of the binding/unbind of key body and key identification card etc. in the unlocking authority of each electronic lock, Intelligent key) issued for after the first data transmit-receive unit 273 receptions in key management box 2, these information being stored in data storage cell 256.Further, the information of the first data transmit-receive unit 273 transmissions can adopt multiple send mode, such as: trigger the modes (for example the time every a setting sends automatically by timing unit 254) such as sending (modes such as input transmission order or click of proposing with user trigger), timing automatic transmission of controlling; In data bank 311, canned data can adopt database, comprises the relevant databases such as SQL Server, Oracle, mySQL.
Management setting unit 313, for each key management box is managed and arranges and result store will be set in described data bank, described management setting comprise to each key management box be numbered and location position, in the unlocking authority of the corresponding electronic lock of each key management box, each key management box one or more setting the in the binding of key body in corresponding each Intelligent key of taking in and key identification card, result store will be set simultaneously in data bank 311.
Query unit 318 provides query function, for inquiring about according to querying condition to the data bank 311 of input, 319 of display units are shown the storage data of data bank 311 for the search request getting according to query unit 318, so, key management person can learn the folding information in far-end and the key management box 2 that is distributed in each site chamber door 22 separately and the access information of each Intelligent key of including by query unit 318 and the shown storage data of display unit 319.In actual applications, a preferred embodiment can be: at key management data center 3 places, configure a touch-control display panel, by touch-control display panel, enter query interface, input inquiry condition in query interface, by query unit 318, according to the querying condition of input, to data bank 311, inquired about, if inquire the storage data that meet querying condition in data bank 311, by display unit 319 (being touch-control display panel), Query Result is shown again.
In addition, key management system of the present utility model also can have other variation.Refer to Fig. 9, it has shown the utility model key management system system chart in a second embodiment.
As shown in Figure 9, than the first embodiment shown in Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, in a second embodiment, especially, described key management system also can provide remote access function, that is, also comprise: establish a communications link with key management data center 3, for the access terminal 4 at access keys management data center 3.In actual applications, this access terminal 4 is for having the messaging device (such as server, computer terminal, smart mobile phone, panel computer etc.) of network connecting function, the mode of the communication connection of setting up can polytype, includes but not limited to network technology (such as internet, wireless network, zigbee network etc.) and mobile communications network (such as GPRS mobile network, 3G mobile network, LTE mobile network etc.) based on ICP/IP protocol.One preferably example be: use website platform or mobile client APP, access terminal 4 access keys management data centers 3 also (suppose that described request of access comprises such inquiry request: the quantity of the key management box in inquiry key management data center 3 by proposing request of access, the access information of the folding information of the chamber door 22 in position and each key management box 2 and each Intelligent key including thereof), Ze You key management data center 3 is according to the inquiry request in described request of access, by query unit 318, to data bank 311, inquire about, and Query Result is sent to access terminal 4 and is shown in access terminal 4, thereby can be so that the user of access terminal 4 inquires the folding information of the chamber door 22 in each key management boxes 2 of this key management data center 3 jurisdictions and the access information of each Intelligent key of including.
Certainly, access terminal 4 is except can establishing a communications link with key management data center 3, in other embodiments, if be necessary, access terminal 4 can also be directly and each key management box 2 establish a communications link, and can directly inquire about the folding information of connected key management box 2 and the access information of each Intelligent key of including.
In sum, the key management box that the utility model provides and key management system, the key card reader that key management box wherein includes electronic lock and can read Intelligent Recognition card in Intelligent key, thereby can record and storing keys management box in the folding information of chamber door and the access information of the described Intelligent key corresponding with described folding information, for supvr provides better key management reference, key management efficiency and Administrative Security have been improved.
Above-described embodiment is illustrative principle of the present utility model and effect thereof only, but not for limiting the utility model.Any person skilled in the art scholar all can, under spirit of the present utility model and category, modify or change above-described embodiment.Therefore, have in technical field under such as and conventionally know that the knowledgeable modifies or changes not departing from all equivalences that complete under spirit that the utility model discloses and technological thought, must be contained by claim of the present utility model.

Claims (16)

1. a key management box, is characterized in that, comprising: key locker and be located at the control and management device in described key locker;
Described key locker comprises:
Key casing, have can folding chamber door;
Be located in described key casing, for the key cabin of placing Intelligent key; Described Intelligent key comprise key body and with the key identification card of described key body binding, on described key identification card with key identification chip; And
In described key cabin, be provided with the key slot of planting for the described key identification card in described Intelligent key;
Described control and management device comprises:
Be located in described key casing, for the electronic access unit of opening described chamber door;
Be disposed in described key cabin or described key slot, for reading the key card reader that is inserted in the described key identification card in described key slot; And
Be located at the data storage cell in described key casing, described data storage cell is connected with described key card reader with described electronic access unit, records and store the folding information of described chamber door and the access information of the described Intelligent key corresponding with described folding information.
2. key management box according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the binding of described key body and described key identification card comprises physical bindings and system data binding, described physical bindings refers to described key body and described key identification card is serially connected by web member, and described system data binding refers to mates described key body information with the described key identification card information foundation in described key identification card.
3. key management box according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described control and management device also comprises the setting unit arranging for the data binding/releasing data binding to the authority of opening the door of described electronic access unit, described key body and described key identification card, and described setting unit is stored in set configuration information in described data storage cell.
4. key management box according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the key slot arranging in described key cabin is the gradient formula design that the high bottom land of notch is low.
5. according to the key management box described in claim 1 or 4, it is characterized in that: described key identification card is provided with bayonet socket, described key slot is provided with the buckle corresponding with described bayonet socket.
6. key management box according to claim 5, is characterized in that:
Described bayonet socket is the breach of being located at relative two avris of described key identification card, and described buckle is to be located at least one avris and the elastic collet corresponding with described breach in described key slot; Or
Described bayonet socket is the hole clipping that runs through described key identification card, and described buckle is to be located at upside or bottom side and the elastic projection corresponding with described hole clipping in described key slot.
7. according to the key management box described in claim 2 or 6, it is characterized in that, described key identification chip is RFID label, is positioned at the front end of described key identification card, and described key identification card information is RFID electronic code; Described key card reader comprises RFID card reader and RFID antenna.
8. key management box according to claim 7, is characterized in that:
A described key card reader of the corresponding configuration in key cabin described in each, described key card reader comprises: corresponding with key slot described in each in described key cabin RFID antenna and with the suitable RFID card reader of described RFID antenna;
A described key card reader of the corresponding configuration in key cabin described in each, described key card reader comprises: be built in respectively a plurality of RFID antennas in key slot described in each in described key cabin and with the suitable RFID card reader of RFID antenna described in each; Or
A described key card reader of the corresponding configuration of key slot described in each, described key card reader comprises: be built in RFID antenna in described key slot and with the suitable RFID card reader of described RFID antenna.
9. key management box according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described electronic access unit comprises:
Be located at electronic lock and authentication information reader on described chamber door;
With the authenticating unit that described authentication information reader is connected with described data storage cell, the authentication information that described authenticating unit reads described authentication information reader for the unlocking authority of storing according to described data storage cell carries out authentication; And
Be connected with described authenticating unit with described electronic lock, for control the access controller of the start of described electronic lock according to the authenticating result of described authenticating unit.
10. key management box according to claim 9, is characterized in that, also comprises:
For monitoring a sensing unit that closes of opening the situation of closing for described chamber door;
While surpassing a Preset Time for the opening time at described chamber door, send the Tip element that opens the door of information;
For recording the timing unit of the time of described chamber door folding and the time that picks and places of described intelligent Intelligent key; And
Count the statistic unit of the access information of the described Intelligent key that described memory box gets, described statistic unit is stored in described access information in described data storage cell, and described access information comprises the distribution of described key slot and the quantity of described Intelligent key of the plant of described Intelligent key.
11. key management boxes according to claim 10, is characterized in that, described control and management device also comprises:
The query unit of query function is provided, according to the querying condition of input, to described data storage cell, inquires about; And
The display unit being shown for the Query Result that described query unit is obtained from described data storage cell.
12. key management boxes according to claim 10, it is characterized in that, the folding information of described chamber door comprises the people's that unpacks identity information, chamber door opening time and the chamber door shut-in time, and the access information of described Intelligent key comprises the time of taking away and the resting period of key.
13. according to the key management box described in claim 1,9,10,11 or 12, it is characterized in that, described control and management device also comprises:
Communication connection unit and/or data-interface; And
The data transmission unit being connected with described data storage cell, for uploading the folding information of described chamber door and the access information of the described Intelligent key corresponding with described folding information.
14. 1 kinds of key management systems, is characterized in that, comprising:
Key management box as described in any one in claim 1 to 12, described key management box also has: as the first communication connection unit of communication connection and be connected with described data storage cell and communicate to connect the first data transmit-receive unit that unit implementation data is transmitted by described first, described data comprise the folding information of described chamber door and the access information of the described Intelligent key corresponding with described folding information; And
Key management data center with described key management box establishes a communications link, comprising: as the second communication linkage unit of communication connection, for receiving the second data transmit-receive unit of the data of being transmitted by described the first data transmit-receive unit by described key management box by described second communication linkage unit and being recorded the data bank of putting on record for the described data that described the second data transmit-receive unit is received.
15. key management systems according to claim 14, is characterized in that, described key management data center also comprises:
For each key management box being managed to the management setting unit of setting, described management setting unit will arrange result store in described data bank, described management setting comprise to each key management box be numbered and location position, in the unlocking authority of the corresponding electronic lock of each key management box, each key management box one or more setting the in the binding of key body in corresponding each Intelligent key of taking in and key identification card;
Provide the query unit of query function, for inquiring about to the described data storage cell of key management box described in each or in described data bank according to the querying condition of input; And
The display unit being shown for the Query Result that described query unit is obtained.
16. key management systems according to claim 15, is characterized in that, described key management system also comprises:
Establish a communications link with described key management data center and/or described key management box, for accessing the access terminal of described key management data center and/or described key management box.
CN201420301969.8U 2014-06-07 2014-06-07 Key management box and key management system Expired - Fee Related CN203882364U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106056687A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-10-26 淮南市松江电子有限责任公司 Intelligent obtaining and registering device for gas determinator for mine
CN106355766A (en) * 2015-07-14 2017-01-25 北京理工大学 Novel Method for leasing electric automobile
CN106683244A (en) * 2016-12-21 2017-05-17 上海斐讯数据通信技术有限公司 Key distribution system and key distributing and sending/receiving method
CN108171835A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-06-15 天津泰沃纳科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent lock control application process and system based on personal information Communication processing system PICA
CN109523676A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-03-26 国网河南省电力公司检修公司 A kind of intelligent error preventing operation key locker and its application method

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106355766A (en) * 2015-07-14 2017-01-25 北京理工大学 Novel Method for leasing electric automobile
CN106056687A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-10-26 淮南市松江电子有限责任公司 Intelligent obtaining and registering device for gas determinator for mine
CN106056687B (en) * 2016-07-08 2018-09-21 淮南市松江电子有限责任公司 A kind of mine takes calling mechanism with apparatus for determination of gas intelligence
CN106683244A (en) * 2016-12-21 2017-05-17 上海斐讯数据通信技术有限公司 Key distribution system and key distributing and sending/receiving method
CN108171835A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-06-15 天津泰沃纳科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent lock control application process and system based on personal information Communication processing system PICA
CN108171835B (en) * 2017-12-26 2021-05-07 张家口梅卡曼德机械制造有限责任公司 Intelligent lock control application method and system based on personal information communication processing system (PICA)
CN109523676A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-03-26 国网河南省电力公司检修公司 A kind of intelligent error preventing operation key locker and its application method

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