CN203866746U - Rolling sweeper type plane motor sweeper - Google Patents

Rolling sweeper type plane motor sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203866746U
CN203866746U CN201320891327.3U CN201320891327U CN203866746U CN 203866746 U CN203866746 U CN 203866746U CN 201320891327 U CN201320891327 U CN 201320891327U CN 203866746 U CN203866746 U CN 203866746U
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sweeper
rolling
wheel
axle
brushing
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CN201320891327.3U
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吴进庆
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吴进庆
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Abstract

A rolling sweeper type plane motor sweeper comprises a sweeper shell, a sweeping system, a running system, a transmission system and a dust closing system. The sweeping system comprises a storage bucket, a conveying belt and a rolling sweeper. The conveying belt is arranged between the storage bucket and the rolling sweeper, the conveying belt is a high-low shaft upslope type conveying belt with the front portion higher than the rear portion, a high shaft is arranged above an opening of the storage bucket, a low shaft is arranged on a sweeping surface and in front of the rolling sweeper and is parallel to a rolling sweeper shaft, and the rolling sweeper is arranged behind. Swept materials are swept by the rolling sweeper, are thrown forwards to the conveying belt to be conveyed to the storage bucket by the conveying belt and are poured into the storage bucket, the process goes round and round, and the sweeping work is completed. The running system comprises a rear wheel, the rear wheel is provided with a differential gear, the rotating speed difference of an inner wheel and an outer wheel can be achieved in the turning process, the rear wheel and an axle are in one-way transmission, the motor sweeper moves forwards, the rear wheel drives the axle of the rear wheel, and the rear wheel axle does not run when the motor sweeper retreats. The transmission system comprises chain wheels arranged on the same side of a motor sweeper wheel axle, the same side of the rolling sweeper shaft and the same side of a conveying belt shaft, chains are connected to the chain wheels, motor sweeper wheels rotate to drive the rolling sweeper and the conveying belt to move, and the driving force of the rear wheel axle is from driving of the rear wheel on the axle in the motor sweeper moving process.

Description

A kind of rolling clean type plane road-sweeper
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of hand propelled road clearing vehicle, particularly a kind of rolling clean type plane road-sweeper.
Background technology
Along with social progress, Process of Urbanization Construction paces are more and more faster, and the scale of urban construction is also increasing; Along with living in concentrated communities the growth of population and the continuous lifting that people require living environment, square, road get more and more, and greening is also become better and better, and meanwhile, the rubbish of nature and artificial manufacture is also more and more; Road cleaning is concerned as the important step day of urban sanitation work, and hand sweeping be take as main in present stage side street lane, sidewalk, square refuse sweeping, and hand sweeping efficiency is low, cost is high, easily cause secondary pollution, and sanitationman's health; And existing mechanical type road-sweeper, its operating principle is main mainly with sweeping and sucking type, has good cleaning effect, but its cost of manufacture is high, energy consumption is high, maintenance cost is high, use cost is and then high, is difficult to scale and popularizes.Society is improving, and urban sanitation mechanization of operation is inexorable trend, and manufacture low energy consumption, low cost, high efficiency cleaning machine are important problems.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of low production cost, easy and simple to handle, maintenance is easy, the universal road-sweeper of the scale that is suitable for of low energy consumption.
A rolling clean type plane road-sweeper, comprises car housing, purging system, running gear, transmission system, closes dirt system.Wherein:
1. purging system is the core component of road-sweeper, comprises storage vat, conveyer belt, rolling and brushing; Conveyer belt is between storage vat and rolling and brushing, and described conveyer belt is the height axle upward slope formula conveyer belt at the end after front height, and high axle is arranged on storing bung top, low axle is arranged on cleaning face, rolling and brushing before, parallel with rolling and brushing axle, rolling and brushing are rear.The material being cleaned has been swept to throw forward by its rolling and brushing and has been given conveyer belt, by conveyer belt, is sent to storage vat and is poured in storage vat, goes round and begins again, and completes cleaning works.Move from bottom to top in conveyer belt front, the rotation direction of rolling and brushing is contrary with conveyer belt.
Further, described conveyer belt, is equiped with the carrying component that guarantee that material and conveyer belt are synchronized with the movement on its zone face, to catch the material that rolling and brushing throw and stop material and the relative sliding of conveyer belt is poured in the storage vat before it.Described carrying component, are the upward opening containers that the lagging that is installed on zone face maybe can be hinged with material, and especially bucket-shaped container, can catch material and upwards transport.Lagging on conveyer belt, its edge upwards triggers, and can catch better material and upwards transport.
Further, the opening upwards of described storage vat, can serve as a contrast within it and put a sack, takes out packing after material purseful, does like this, both can increase work efficiency, and can reduce secondary pollution again.
2. car housing: the various parts that are used in device car, compartment and clearing apparatus chamber, clearing apparatus chamber is provided with rubbish conveying end to take out rubbish from storage vat, and conveying end can free switch; The afterbody of car housing is equipped with hand push handle.Clearing apparatus chamber is used for installing purging system.Dividing plate incline direction between compartment and clearing apparatus chamber is identical with the conveyer belt direction of purging system, can reduce like this space in clearing apparatus chamber, and reduces inner airborne dust.Compartment can be used for placing the article such as burnisher, work clothes, refuse bag.Described its compartment of car housing, the position of rolling and brushing installation place, close clearing apparatus chamber is provided with drive unit chamber, for mounted motor, battery, and leaves wheel installation position.Drive unit chamber can be from interior compartment opening.
Further, described car housing, front portion is provided with handgrip; Rear portion is provided with plural foot pad; The posterior angle of car case side view is removed, and is an inclined-plane, and 45 degree are advisable.Like this, catch and hand up, can be easy to allow car penguin formula erect, clearing apparatus chamber is under shed, and clearing apparatus is installed from bottom, so road-sweeper erects the maintenance that can be convenient to machine.
The front part sides face of described car housing is equipped with axle roller vertically downward, to keep the distance of road-sweeper and car housing side, makes car housing not wipe and touch with sidewall, and when walking by wall and wall rolling friction, capable of reducing friction resistance.
3. close dirt system, comprise clearing apparatus chamber and clearing apparatus chamber base plate, clearing apparatus chamber has downward opening, so that the dismounting of equipment and expose the relevant position of rolling and brushing, clearing apparatus chamber base plate be arranged on clearing apparatus chamber under shed, purging system is enclosed in clearing apparatus chamber, only exposes the latter half of rolling and brushing, before and after road-sweeper bottom, rolling and brushing, both sides have soft surrounding edge or baffle plate to cleaning face; Clearing apparatus chamber base plate is detachable, so that maintenance purging system; This closes dirt design; from rubbish, by rolling and brushing, being involved in clearing apparatus chamber starts just to have completely cut off airborne dust, rubbish and drops etc. and to pollute for 2 times; equipment except clearing apparatus is installed in clearing apparatus chamber, needs to install corresponding dividing plate or protective cover additional, clearing apparatus and these equipment are kept apart.
4. running gear is mainly comprised of front-wheel and trailing wheel, and front-wheel is arranged on the front portion of car housing below, is deflecting roller, single supporting-point deflecting roller or both sides double base point deflecting roller in the middle of can making; Trailing wheel is arranged on the rear portion of car housing below, is bogie wheel, can, simultaneously as the power output wheel that drives purging system work, by transmission system, power be passed to purging system.The trailing wheel of described running gear has differential gear, the speed discrepancy of foreign steamer in can realizing when turning, and trailing wheel and wheel shaft single-direction transmission, road-sweeper its axle of rear wheel drive that travels forward, the road-sweeper hind axle that falls back does not turn round.Sprocket wheel can be made rachet type chain wheel or between sprocket wheel and axle, unilateral bearing is installed, and realizes the one-way synchronization of sprocket wheel and its axle.
5. transmission system transmission system comprises the sprocket wheel that road-sweeper axletree, rolling and brushing axle and conveyor shaft homonymy are installed, and there is chain to be connected on sprocket wheel, by driving driving force to be input to one of them sprocket wheel, by chain transmission, realized again the synchronous working of system, the driving of trailing wheel to axle when the driving force of hind axle moves from road-sweeper.Described transmission system also comprises the tightener sprocket being connected with chain, and regulating wheel connects motor, for purging system provides auxiliary driving force.Road-sweeper vehicle wheel rotation drives rolling and brushing and conveyer belt, can drive at the same time or separately operation by hind axle sprocket wheel or tightener sprocket, and the driving force of tightener sprocket is from connected motor.Transmission device is arranged on the outside of car housing, and protective cover is installed on it, opens protective cover and can maintain drive disk assembly.
The utility model is a kind of handcart for sweeping that integrates refuse sweeping transportation, simple to operate, be applicable to single use, when being especially applied to road comparatively narrow or that block up or being not suitable for using large-scale motive vehicle for road cleaning, there is significant advantage, can stop and manually sweep at any time, use flexibly; And the utility model low production cost, easy and simple to handle, maintenance easily, energy consumption is low, is suitable for scale universal.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model road-sweeper complete machine schematic perspective view;
Fig. 2 is that the utility model road-sweeper complete machine master looks phantom drawing;
Fig. 3 is the utility model road-sweeper running gear front view;
Fig. 4 is the utility model road-sweeper transmission system front view;
Fig. 5 is that the utility model road-sweeper closes dirt system front view;
Fig. 6 is that the utility model road-sweeper penguin formula erects diagram.
Wherein: 1.1 is handlebar, 1.2 is housing squab panel foot pad, 1.3 is case side wallboard, 1.4 is case panel, 1.5 is dividing plate before housing, 1.6 is housing web, 1.7 is housing rear bulkhead, 1.8 is housing squab panel, 1.9 is unit room, 1.91 is unit room base plate, 1.92 is unit room cover plate, 2.1 is storage vat, 2.11 is that storage vat is hinged, 2.21 be conveyer belt, 2.22 is zone face lagging, 2.23 is conveyer belt lower shaft, 2.24 is axle on conveyer belt, 2.3 is rolling and brushing, 3.1 is front-wheel, 3.2 is trailing wheel, 3.3 is roller, 4.1 is driving-chain, 4.2 is conveyer belt lower shaft sprocket wheel, 4.3 is rolling and brushing axle sprocket wheel, 4.4 is hind axle sprocket wheel, 4.5 is tightener sprocket, 4.6 is driving-chain guard shield, 5.1 is soft surrounding edge, 6 is cleaning face, 7 is battery.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, 2, 3, car housing, comprises handlebar 1.1, case side wallboard 1.3, case panel 1.4, dividing plate 1.5 before housing, housing web 1.6, housing rear bulkhead 1.7, housing squab panel 1.8, unit room base plate 1.91, unit room panel 1.92, soft surrounding edge 5.1, squab panel foot pad 1.2.Case side wallboard 1.3, case panel 1.4, unit room base plate 1.91, forms clearing apparatus chamber; Case side wallboard 1.3, unit room base plate 1.91, housing squab panel 1.8, forms compartment, wherein, installs unit room panel 1.92 in compartment additional, forms drive unit chamber; In installation clearing apparatus chamber due to front-wheel support, installed dividing plate 1.5 before housing additional, housing web 1.6 is attached on support to completely cut off dust.Storage vat 2.1, with hinged 2.11 by storage vat 2.1 and car housing before housing dividing plate 1.5 below couple together, then connect storage vat 2.1 be connected with case panel 1.4 with button 2.13 fast, then, at the lateral surface of storage vat 2.1, install handgrip 2.12; Do conveyer belt 2.21 and cylindrical rolling and brushing 2.3 of a band crochet lagging 2.22, press shown in figure, with axle on conveyer belt 2.24, lower shaft 2.23 by conveyer belt be contained in conveyer belt chamber, on two housings sidewall paneling 1.3, be loaded on rolling and brushing 2.3, trailing wheel 3.2, then swing type front-wheel 3.1, roller 3.3 are installed; Motor and battery 7 are contained in unit room lower floor, motor shaft stretches out outside sidewall paneling, tightener sprocket 4.5 dresses thereon, on conveyer belt lower shaft spindle nose, rolling and brushing axle spindle nose, hind axle spindle nose, load onto respectively sprocket wheel 4.2,4.3,4.4 again, then load onto driving-chain 4.1 and driving-chain guard shield 4.6, rolling clean type plane road-sweeper has just been carried out like this.When road-sweeper promotes forward, because its front-wheel 3.1 is swing type, therefore can control the direction moving ahead by the power that acts on handlebar 1.1 two ends.
As shown in Figure 4, when road-sweeper promotes forward, and ratchet-type trailing wheel 3.2 is because of the driving of car power forward, it drives its axle synchronous rotary simultaneously, then drives transmission system to move by the sprocket wheel 4.4 on its spindle nose, and then drives conveyer belt 2.21 and rolling and brushing 2.3 to work by driving-chain 4.1 simultaneously, the material conveyer belt 2.21 of throwing to has been swept forward in rolling and brushing 2.3, lagging on it is caught on backward and is transported, and pours in the sack of storage vat liner, goes round and begins again.
As shown in Figure 5, cause is by storage vat 2.1, case side wallboard 1.3, case panel 1.4, unit room base plate 1.91, housing rear bulkhead 1.7, soft surrounding edge 5.1 and cleaning face 6, housing web 1.6, the floating dust producing during rolling and brushing 2.3 operation is closed within it, only have minute quantity by some small gap scurry out outside, can reach control dirt object.
As shown in Figure 6, the penguin formula of road-sweeper erects: catch handgrip 2.12 upwards to carry, can allow car penguin formula erect, be convenient to safeguard.The inclined-plane 2.13. of car housing afterbody contributes to road-sweeper to erect.
In sum, the utility model is by specification and diagramatic content, makes actual sample and through repeatedly use test, from the effect of use test, provable the utility model can reach the object that it is expected, practical value is unquestionable.Above illustrated embodiment is only used for conveniently illustrating the utility model, not the utility model is done to any pro forma restriction, under any, in technical field, have and conventionally know the knowledgeable, if within not departing from the scope of technical characterictic that the utility model is put forward, utilize technology contents that the utility model discloses to do the local equivalent embodiment that changes or modify, and do not depart from technical characterictic content of the present utility model, all still belong in the scope of the utility model technical characterictic.

Claims (5)

1. a rolling clean type plane road-sweeper, comprises car housing, purging system, running gear, transmission system, closes dirt system; Car housing is used for the various parts of device; Purging system is responsible for cleaning works; Running gear is responsible for the supporting and moving of car body; Transmission system is responsible for the transmission of power; Close dirt system and be responsible for controlling dirt; It is characterized in that: described purging system comprises storage vat conveyer belt, rolling and brushing; Conveyer belt is between storage vat and rolling and brushing, and described conveyer belt is the height axle upward slope formula conveyer belt at the end after front height, and high axle is arranged on storing bung top, low axle is arranged on cleaning face, rolling and brushing before, parallel with rolling and brushing axle, rolling and brushing are rear; The material being cleaned has been swept to throw forward by its rolling and brushing and has been given conveyer belt, by conveyer belt, is sent to storage vat and is poured in storage vat, goes round and begins again, and completes cleaning works; Described running gear comprises trailing wheel, and trailing wheel has differential gear, the speed discrepancy of foreign steamer in can realizing when turning, and trailing wheel and wheel shaft single-direction transmission, road-sweeper its axle of rear wheel drive that travels forward, the road-sweeper hind axle that falls back does not turn round; Described transmission system comprises the sprocket wheel that road-sweeper axletree, rolling and brushing axle and conveyor shaft homonymy are installed, and there is chain to be connected on sprocket wheel, road-sweeper vehicle wheel rotation drives rolling and brushing and conveyer belt, the driving of trailing wheel to axle when the driving force of hind axle moves from road-sweeper; Described transmission system also comprises the tightener sprocket being connected with chain, and regulating wheel connects motor, for purging system provides auxiliary driving force; The described dirt system of closing, comprise clearing apparatus chamber, clearing apparatus chamber base plate, clearing apparatus chamber has downward opening, clearing apparatus chamber base plate be arranged on clearing apparatus chamber under shed, purging system is enclosed in clearing apparatus chamber, the latter half of only exposing rolling and brushing, before and after road-sweeper bottom, rolling and brushing, both sides have soft surrounding edge or baffle plate to cleaning face, and clearing apparatus chamber base plate is detachable, so that maintenance purging system.
2. a kind of rolling clean type plane road-sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described conveyer belt, on its zone face, be equiped with the carrying component that guarantee that material and conveyer belt are synchronized with the movement, to catch the material that rolling and brushing throw and stop material and the relative sliding of conveyer belt is poured in the storage vat before it.
3. a kind of rolling clean type plane road-sweeper according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described car housing comprises compartment and clearing apparatus chamber, and clearing apparatus chamber is provided with rubbish conveying end to take out rubbish from storage vat, and conveying end can free switch; The afterbody of car housing is equipped with hand push handle.
4. a kind of rolling clean type plane road-sweeper according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described its compartment of car housing, the position of rolling and brushing installation place, close clearing apparatus chamber is provided with drive unit chamber, for mounted motor, battery, and leaves wheel installation position.
5. a kind of rolling clean type plane road-sweeper according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the front part sides face of described car housing is equipped with axle roller vertically downward, to keep the distance of road-sweeper and car housing side, makes car housing not wipe and touch with sidewall.
CN201320891327.3U 2013-12-31 2013-12-31 Rolling sweeper type plane motor sweeper Active CN203866746U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320891327.3U CN203866746U (en) 2013-12-31 2013-12-31 Rolling sweeper type plane motor sweeper

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105401546A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-03-16 界首市粮食机械有限责任公司 Simple reserved dustbin for garbage cleaning vehicle and connecting structure of simple reserved dustbin and garbage cleaning vehicle
CN106368148A (en) * 2016-10-19 2017-02-01 深圳市天益智网科技有限公司 Garbage cleaning robot
CN109056610A (en) * 2018-08-28 2018-12-21 延安大学 A kind of pavement sweeping machine

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105401546A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-03-16 界首市粮食机械有限责任公司 Simple reserved dustbin for garbage cleaning vehicle and connecting structure of simple reserved dustbin and garbage cleaning vehicle
CN106368148A (en) * 2016-10-19 2017-02-01 深圳市天益智网科技有限公司 Garbage cleaning robot
CN106368148B (en) * 2016-10-19 2019-02-01 深圳市女娲机器人科技有限公司 Refuse sweeping machine people
CN109056610A (en) * 2018-08-28 2018-12-21 延安大学 A kind of pavement sweeping machine

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