CN203862985U - Fully-automatic material breaking device - Google Patents

Fully-automatic material breaking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203862985U
CN203862985U CN201420290232.0U CN201420290232U CN203862985U CN 203862985 U CN203862985 U CN 203862985U CN 201420290232 U CN201420290232 U CN 201420290232U CN 203862985 U CN203862985 U CN 203862985U
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China
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cylinder
foundry goods
frame
piston rod
breaking
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CN201420290232.0U
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郑声狄
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郑声狄
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Abstract

The utility model provides a fully-automatic material breaking device capable of breaking materials accurately and reliably. The device comprises a machine frame, a casting extracting device, a casting transfer device, a material breaking device body and a waste recycling device, wherein the casting extracting device, the casting transfer device, the material breaking device body and the waste recycling device are sequentially arranged on the machine frame along an assembly line and are electrically connected with an electric control system. The material breaking device body comprises a drive device 41, a clutch, a swing frame, six connection rods, six telescopic devices, a conveying device 42 and an element pressing device, the drive device drives the swing frame to move in a reciprocating mode through the clutch, the swing frame enters a material breaking station for material breaking under drive of the telescopic devices through the six connection rods, the element pressing device is used for pressing castings during the material breaking process, and the conveying device 42 conveys the castings to the material breaking station step by step. The fully-automatic material breaking device is mainly used for automatic material breaking matched with a die casting machine.

Description

One is automatically broken materials device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of equipment for after-treatment of five metals foundry goods, particularly a kind of for dock with die casting equipment and foundry goods is broken to material processes automatically break materials device.
Background technology
Garment accessories is generally formed by die casting machine die casting by kirsite, its production procedure is mainly as follows: the smelting furnace of kirsite being put into die casting machine melts, when after die casting machine matched moulds, the kirsite pressure injection of melting is entered in die cavity, die sinking after cooling forming, demoulding makes foundry goods, more manually blank is broken to material and process, the leftover pieces such as overflowing material and runner body of foundry goods are melted down to utilization again, and the product classification in foundry goods enters frame.In whole production process, need workman stand in mould of die casting machine front complete get foundry goods, to foundry goods spray water cold, to work such as mould release agent sprayings, because the kirsite temperature of melting state is very high, not only work under bad environment, once and die casting equipment breaks down, likely mould does not also have matched moulds to put in place, material feeding pump but causes the ejection of alloy fluid to cause scald to die cavity material feeding, even protective plate is set between operating personnel and mould, it is also once the very large work of labour intensity that every die sinking once needs to pull open protective plate.Foundry goods after die casting simultaneously needs four or five bit manipulation personnel manually to break material processing with proximity gloves, and casting temperature is very high, and operating personnel are with two pairs of gloves to break material, but scald event still happens occasionally.Therefore each die casting machine of this traditional material mode of breaking needs more than at least 5 operating personnel, and human cost is high.
In order to solve aforementioned technical problem, the Chinese patent (patent No. is: ZL201220442397.6) of on August 31st, 2012 application discloses a kind of Ba Liao mechanism, the material part of taking off of this mechanism comprises clamping and fixing device and material pulling device, described clamping and fixing device is provided with the upper and lower supporting that can do in vertical relative motion, upper and lower supporting lay respectively at take off material machine take off material station above and below; Described material pulling device comprises the lever swing arm by the second air cylinder driven, the rear end of lever swing arm is connected with the second ejecting rod of cylinder, lever swing arm front end is provided with Pneumatic paw to be opened/closed, described in being positioned at, takes off described material pulling device the both sides, outside of material station, for taking off lower overflowing material and product from materials and parts continuously and automatically.The content of explaining according to this technical scheme beneficial effect is seen, can save operating personnel, increases work efficiency.But in fact patentee's device sales is to after the several garment accessories factory of Shishi City of Fujian Province, there are two equipment to discard aside, return to manufacturer for other one, inventor is discovery afterwards after deliberation, and this equipment mainly exists the deficiency of following three aspects:
One, break materials device unreasonable structure, its exercise speed not enough causes breaking expects unsuccessfully, needs artificial secondary to break material;
Two, the conveying device of foundry goods is unreasonable, and before foundry goods is broken material, distortion seriously causes breaking and expects unsuccessfully;
Three, branched some fixed form of foundry goods makes to break and expects unsuccessfully, needs artificial secondary to break material;
The processing speed of four, breaking materials device only reaches 1/2nd of die casting equipment discharging speed, causes the production capacity of die casting equipment can only utilize half.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide one and automatically breaks materials device, and this device can accurately and reliably complete the material work of breaking the in the situation that of unmanned participation.
The technical scheme that the utility model adopts is such: one is automatically broken materials device, comprise frame and be located at successively the foundry goods extraction element in frame according to streamline, foundry goods transfer device, break materials device, waste material recovery device, described each device is electrically connected with electric control system respectively, the described materials device of breaking comprises drive unit (41), clutch, rocker, six roots of sensation connecting rod, six retractor devices, conveying device (42) and compression device, described rocker has the axis paralleling with the throughput direction of foundry goods, the axial one end of rocker is in transmission connection by clutch and drive unit (41), one end of six roots of sensation connecting rod is hubbed at rocker axis both sides, the free end of each connecting rod is respectively equipped with breaks material pincers, six retractor devices are located at respectively near the free end of frame and each connecting rod, conveying device (42) comprises drive unit (421), sprocket wheel, chain and a plurality of positioning chuck, chain is rotatably located in frame along the throughput direction of foundry goods by sprocket wheel, sprocket wheel and drive unit (421) setting that is in transmission connection, each positioning chuck is equidistant to be located on chain for foundry goods is accurately located, described compression device comprises support platform on three groups of lower support platforms and three groups, described three groups of lower support platforms are detachably located at the both lateral sides of the above conveying device of frame, on described three groups, support platform is located at the both lateral sides of the above conveying device of frame (42) by lowering or hoisting gear, and the upper support platform of each group lower support platform and correspondence position projected area vertically overlaps, described drive unit (41), each retractor device, drive unit (421) and lowering or hoisting gear are electrically connected with electric control system respectively.
The preferred above-mentioned materials device of automatically breaking, described foundry goods transfer device comprises conveying device (31), pallet, cylinder (32), cylinder (33), turn device (34), cylinder (35), clamping device and cylinder (36), described conveying device (31) comprises that two chains that be arranged in parallel that driven by drive unit and a plurality of fixture blocks of being located at respectively on chain form, cylinder (32) is located at the centre of the above two chain of frame, pallet is located at the piston rod free end of cylinder (32), one side of pallet has the fluting that extends to horizontal plane middle part, turn device is located at the above cylinder of frame (32) below, cylinder (33) is located on the output of turn device, the piston rod of cylinder (33) is provided with location dop, described cylinder (36) is located in the frame of conveying device (42) top, cylinder (35) is located on the piston rod of cylinder (36), clamping device is located on the piston rod of cylinder (35), described each cylinder is connected with compressed air source by magnetic valve respectively, described each magnetic valve and turn device, conveying device (31), clamping device is electrically connected with electric control system respectively.
The preferred above-mentioned materials device of automatically breaking, the throughput direction of the throughput direction of described conveying device (31) and conveying device (42) is 90 degree along the angle of horizontal plane, and the frame being positioned at above conveying device (31) is provided with cooling device.
The preferred above-mentioned materials device of automatically breaking, described foundry goods extraction element comprises cylinder (21), cylinder (22), connecting rod and clamping device, the cylinder body of described cylinder (21) is hubbed on die casting machine, clamping device is located on the piston rod of cylinder (21), the free end of clamping device is provided with the claw of clamping foundry goods, the piston rod of cylinder (22) tilts to be located in frame, the cylinder body of cylinder (22) is hinged by the piston rod of connecting rod and cylinder (21), described each cylinder is connected with compressed air source by magnetic valve, described each magnetic valve and clamping device are electrically connected with electric control system respectively.
The preferred above-mentioned materials device of automatically breaking, the free end of described clamping device is provided with foundry goods cooling jet and releasing agent nozzle, described each nozzle connects with corresponding cooling water and releasing agent by pipeline, on each pipeline, be provided with magnetic valve with the unlatching of control piper or close, each magnetic valve is electrically connected with electric control system respectively.
The preferred above-mentioned materials device of automatically breaking, described clamping device comprises gripper cylinder, spheroid and two claws, the middle part of described two claws is symmetrical arranged by two pivots respectively, one side of two claws is respectively equipped with cavity volume for holding the tapered stud of foundry goods, gripper cylinder is located on the piston rod of cylinder (35) or cylinder (21), spheroid is fixedly connected with the piston rod of gripper cylinder, spheroid is located in the cavity volume of two claw opposite sides formation simultaneously, described gripper cylinder is connected with compressed air source by magnetic valve, described magnetic valve is electrically connected with electric control system.
The preferred above-mentioned materials device of automatically breaking, described waste material recovery device forms by turning round conveyer belt (51) and turning round conveyer belt (52), described revolution conveyer belt (51) is located at and is broken materials device below and break material station and break lower overflowing material and the 3rd and break the runner body of expecting after station completes for reclaiming foundry goods first, die casting machine melting furnace top and revolution conveyer belt (51) output below are located at respectively in the two ends of described revolution conveyer belt (52), described revolution conveyer belt (51), revolution conveyer belt (52) drives by motor respectively, motor and electric control system are electrically connected.
By adopting aforementioned techniques scheme, the beneficial effects of the utility model are: organically combine by breaking materials device and die casting machine, particularly adopt asynchronous machine, clutch is combined and is broken material with rocker, making to break material speed improves greatly, realize seamless link with the speeds match of die casting machine, simultaneously by adopting the material pattern of breaking of three stations, product under breaking is by the not batch mixing of accurately classifying, conveying device 2 is ensureing in the indeformable situation of foundry goods itself, adopt unidirectional fixing locate mode to position breaking in material process foundry goods, location is accurately reliable, expect to provide possibility for completing fast to break, the whole materials device of automatically breaking is by inventor, the profound understanding of art technology and continuous test to be drawn, the reliability of its work increases, cost of labor only have original 1/10th less than.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the foundry goods schematic top plan view of breaking in embodiment before material;
Fig. 2 is that the master of embodiment looks schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the schematic side view of breaking materials device in embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of embodiment medium casting extraction element;
Fig. 5 is that schematic diagram is looked on the right side of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the local enlarged diagram of embodiment medium casting transfer device;
Fig. 7 is the local enlarged diagram of breaking materials device in embodiment;
Fig. 8 is the local enlarged diagram of embodiment medium casting transfer device;
Fig. 9 is the local enlarged diagram of clamping device in embodiment.
Detailed description of the invention
The open one of embodiment is automatically broken materials device, its for the supporting formation zinc alloy diecasting of die casting machine full-automatic assembly line, be also applicable to have simultaneously similar operating mode other alloy material automatically break material process.
This is automatically broken materials device and comprises frame 1 and be located at successively foundry goods extraction element 2, foundry goods transfer device 3 in frame 1, break materials device 4, waste material recovery device 5 and electric control system (not shown) according to streamline,
With reference to figure 4 and Fig. 5, described foundry goods extraction element 2 is for die casting on die casting machine being completed and the foundry goods 9 of the demoulding takes off and transfer to the input pallet 37 of foundry goods transfer device 3, in extracting, foundry goods sprayed water to coolingly prevent its distortion, mould is carried out to release agent spraying to be that next process is prepared.Described foundry goods extraction element 2 comprises cylinder 21, cylinder 22, connecting rod 23, clamping device 24, support 25 and protective device 26, described support 25 is roughly the structure of an A-frame, its top that is set up in mould of die casting machine is fixedly providing support of cylinder 22, the cylinder body of described cylinder 21 is articulated in die casting machine top, one end of clamping device 24 is located on the piston rod of cylinder 21, clamping device 24 other ends extend downward vertically for clamping foundry goods, cylinder 22 is straight line cylinder, the piston rod two ends of cylinder 22 are fixedly arranged on respectively near support 25 tops and bottom, make piston rod roughly inclined, the two ends of connecting rod 23 respectively with the cylinder body of cylinder 22 and the piston rod chain connection of cylinder 21, protective device 26 is an optoelectronic switch, when cylinder 21 is rotated counterclockwise near extreme position along pivoting point, optoelectronic switch is transported to electric control system after this action being detected, electric control system now just allows die casting machine matched moulds, prevent that misoperation damages clamping device 24 or mould damage itself in the situation that clamping device 24 does not also have complete lifting to put in place.
With reference to figure 9, described clamping device 24 comprises cylinder 241, spheroid 242 and two claws 243, the middle part of described two claws 243 is symmetrical arranged by two pivots 244 respectively, two pivots 244 are connected by contiguous block 245 one, one side of two claws 243 is respectively equipped with cavity volume for holding the tapered stud 91 of foundry goods, the cylinder body of cylinder 241 is located on the piston rod of cylinder 21, spheroid 242 is fixedly connected with the piston rod of cylinder 241, spheroid 242 is located in the cavity volume of two claws, 243 opposite sides formation simultaneously, like this, because the middle part of two claws 243 is relatively fixing by pivot 244, when spheroid 242 is in the time that two claw 243 1 sides move back and forth, the cavity volume of two claw 243 opposite sides will increase or dwindle, complete thus clamping and release movement to foundry goods 9.The free end of described clamping device 24 is provided with foundry goods 9 cooling jets and releasing agent nozzle (all not shown in figure) simultaneously, described each nozzle connects with corresponding cooling water and releasing agent by pipeline, on each pipeline, be provided with magnetic valve with the unlatching of control piper or close, each magnetic valve is electrically connected with electric control system respectively.Cooling jet, for foundry goods 9 is lowered the temperature, prevents that it is out of shape in clamping transfer process; Releasing agent nozzle is for spraying releasing agent to mould, so that the foundry goods after subsequent processing casting forming completes demoulding work.
When work, die casting machine carries out casting forming to the kirsite of melting, make foundry goods 9, then die sinking, cylinder 22 moves, connecting rod 23 drives clamping device 24 to enter between the male model and master mold of die casting machine, cylinder 21 moves, drive clamping device 24 to move to the left, make the cavity volume of two claws 243 of end of clamping device 24 just be positioned at the outside of foundry goods 9 tapered stud 91, then cylinder 241 moves, drive on spheroid 242 and move, two claws 243 rotate around pivot 244, cavity volume is dwindled, two claws 243 are held tapered stud 91 tightly, cylinder 21 actions drive piston rod to stretch out to the right, make foundry goods 9 leave mould completely, cooling jet and releasing agent nozzle on clamping device 24 moves simultaneously simultaneously, spray cooling water to foundry goods 9, spray releasing agent to male model and master mold, then cylinder 22 drivening rods 23 upwards rise, the free end of clamping device 24 leaves the top of die casting machine arrival mould with foundry goods 9, now die casting machine again matched moulds enter next die casting operation, and foundry goods on clamping device 24 prepares to be released into foundry goods transfer device 3.
With reference to figure 2, Fig. 6 and Fig. 8, described foundry goods transfer device 3 is mainly to receive the foundry goods 9 that in foundry goods extraction element 2, clamping device 24 discharges, adjusted to suitable position simultaneously and transfer to break in materials device 4 and break material processing, mainly plaing a part to form a connecting link.This device comprises conveying device 31, cylinder 32, cylinder 33, cylinder 34, cylinder 35, cylinder 36, pallet 37 and clamping device 38, described conveying device 31 comprises two chains, stepper motor, sprocket wheel and a plurality of fixture block 311, article two, chain 314 is located in frame 1 and the certain distance in interval side by side, each chain is set around on sprocket wheel 312 and sprocket wheel 313 in a usual manner, sprocket wheel 312 is by the setting that is in transmission connection of chain and stepper motor, each fixture block 311 is equidistant being located on two chains 314 respectively, cylinder 32 is located at the centre of frame 1 the above two chain 314, pallet 37 is located at the upside edge that the piston rod free end of cylinder 32 and the lower surface of pallet 37 are crossed two chains 314, the left side of pallet 37 has the fluting that extends to horizontal plane middle part, in other words, if seen from top to bottom, pallet 37 is roughly an opening towards left U character form structure, cylinder 34 is located at frame 1 the above cylinder 32 below, cylinder 33 is located on the piston rod of cylinder 34, cylinder 34 described here is transposition cylinders, cylinder 33 when cylinder 34 is worked on energy control piston bar does the rotations of positive and negative 90 degree in horizontal plane, the piston rod of cylinder 33 is provided with location dop 331, see from top to bottom, described location dop 331 has four fixture block 331a of roughly rectangular arrangement and is positioned at the locating dowel 331b at four fixture block middle parts, with reference to figure 1, four the fixture block 331a of location on dop 331 and locating dowel 331b are just positioned at periphery and the inner side of foundry goods 9 tapered stud 91, thereby, in the time that the piston rod of cylinder 33 upwards rises, four fixture block 331a and locating dowel 331b just closely engage with inner side and the outside of the tapered stud 91 of foundry goods 9 exactly.With reference to figure 2, described cylinder 36 is located in the frame 1 of conveying device 42 tops of breaking materials device 4, cylinder 35 is located on the piston rod of cylinder 36, clamping device 38 is located on the piston rod of cylinder 35, clamping device 38 described here is similar with clamping device 24 structures shown in Fig. 9, different place just claw 243 is wherein changed and is placed vertically by original traverse, this change is that state based on foundry goods 9 is by original uprightly changing into and keeping flat, its operation principle is the same, and concrete structure will not be repeated at this.Described each cylinder is connected with compressed air source by magnetic valve respectively, and described each magnetic valve, stepper motor are electrically connected with electric control system respectively.With reference to figure 2, for the ease of understanding the technical program, foundry goods transfer device 3 and break materials device 4 and be arranged to mode side by side, in actual production process, preferred technical scheme is: see from top to bottom, the throughput direction of conveying device 31 is 90 degree angles with the throughput direction of the conveying device 42 of breaking materials device 4, and the frame that is simultaneously positioned at conveying device 31 tops is provided with cooling blower 39(with reference to figure 3) for carrying out cooling to foundry goods 9.
When work, cylinder 32 stretches out to the right, drive pallet 37 to stretch out to the right, under the claw 243 of clamping device 24 in pallet arrival foundry goods extraction element 2 time, the piston rod of cylinder 241 moves down, drive spheroid 242 to move down, claw 243 rotates around pivot 244, cavity volume between two claws 243 increases, foundry goods 9 is released on pallet 37, then cylinder 32 drives pallet 37 to be moved to the left, make pallet 37 just be positioned at the top of location dop 331, before address, described pallet 37 is structures that roughly take the shape of the letter U, in the time that cylinder 33 drives location dop 331 upwards to rise, fixture block 331a on the dop 331 of location and locating dowel 331b just fasten periphery and the inner side of the tapered stud 91 of foundry goods 9, foundry goods 9 is accurately located, when foundry goods upwards leaves after pallet 37, cylinder 32 drives pallet 37 to stretch out to the right and prepares to receive next block casting part, meanwhile cylinder 34 moves, band dynamic air cylinder 33 90-degree rotation in horizontal plane, then cylinder 33 drives location dop 331 to decline, make the runner body two ends 9a of foundry goods 9 and 9b(with reference to figure 1) be released in the groove on the fixture block 311 of conveying device 31 (with reference to figure 6), specifically, now along with the perpendicular direction of the chain moving direction of conveying device 31, fixture block 311 on same position on two chains 314 one in front and one in back clamps respectively two ends 9a and the 9b of runner body, stepper motor drives chain 314 to rotate counterclockwise, in the time that foundry goods moves to the position in left side (with reference to figure 2), clamping device 38 moves down and clamps foundry goods 9, cylinder 35 upwards rises, make foundry goods leave conveying device 31, cylinder 36 is retracted left, foundry goods 9 is positioned at the top of conveying device 42, cylinder 35 stretches out piston rod downwards, then clamping device 38 moves foundry goods 9 is released in conveying device 42, complete the transfer work of foundry goods 9, carry counterclockwise in the process of foundry goods 9 in conveying device 31, blower fan 39 further carries out cooling processing to foundry goods 9, for next step the material process of breaking is prepared.
Described effect of breaking materials device 4 is to receive foundry goods transfer device 3 to carry the foundry goods 9 of coming, in the process of carrying in stepping, break material station by three foundry goods 9 is broken to material processing, breaking material product after treatment is discharged into respectively in corresponding material frame by different classifications, breaking material overflowing material after treatment and runner body re-starts and melts down use, as breaking materials device itself, it comprises asynchronous machine 41, conveying device 42, clutch 43, rocker 44, six roots of sensation connecting rod 45, six retractor devices 46 and compression device 47, wherein said rocker 44 is greatly to being a frame-shaped construction and it has the axis 44a paralleling with the throughput direction of foundry goods 9, the axial one end of rocker 44 is in transmission connection by clutch 43 and asynchronous machine 41, specifically: the output shaft of asynchronous machine 41 is provided with an eccentric shaft 411, one connecting rod 412 one end and eccentric shaft 411 pivot joints, connecting rod 412 other ends and driving wheel 413 pivot joints, on rocker 44, axially one end is along the circumferential direction fixed with driven pulley 414 relatively, clutch 43 is cylinders, the piston rod of cylinder is axially flexibly connected setting in outside by driving lever 431 with driven pulley 414, in the time that the piston rod of cylinder stretches out to the left, driving wheel 413 is separated with driven pulley 414, the power of asynchronous machine can not be delivered on rocker 44, in the time that the piston rod of cylinder is retracted to the right, driving wheel 413 engages with driven pulley 414, when asynchronous machine rotates, its eccentric shaft 411 drivening rods drive driving wheel 413 along doing clockwise and counterclockwise periodically reciprocally swinging, driven pulley 414 drives rocker 44 to do periodically to swing under the drive of driving wheel 413.Originally breaking in materials device, along the throughput direction of conveying device 42, arrange altogether three and break material station, with reference to figure 1, first is broken material station and breaks all overflowing material of foundry goods 9 outsides, both sides, break material station for second and break product 9c and the product 9e of foundry goods both sides, break material station for the 3rd and break product 9d and the product 9f of foundry goods both sides, finally remaining runner body is in the come off material process of breaking of foundry goods of the end free of conveying device 42, break the design of material station based on these three, one end of six roots of sensation connecting rod 45 is hubbed at rocker 44 axis both sides, i.e. three of sides, the pivot joint here is also arranged to along rocker 44 both lateral sides shown in Fig. 7, described pivoting point can laterally adjust to adapt to different width cast, the free end of each connecting rod 45 is respectively equipped with breaks material pincers 451(with reference to figure 7), the described material pincers 451 of breaking are made up of upper and lower two fixing holding pieces, the distance of these two holding pieces is greater than the corresponding station of foundry goods 9 will break the thickness of lower materials and parts, that side that preferred holding piece contacts with foundry goods 9 can be provided with engineering plastic backing strap and prevent from crushing product, six retractor devices 46 are located at respectively near the free end of frame 1 and each connecting rod 45, each retractor device 46 comprises respectively a cylinder 461 and is located at one group of bearing 462 on cylinder 461 piston rods, described each group of bearing 462 separates by two the bearing arranging and forms, each connecting rod 45 passes in the middle of two bearings from every group of bearing 462 respectively, the cylinder body of cylinder 461 is detachably located in frame 1, this means retractor device 46 along the rocker 44 both lateral sides adjustable installing positions shown in Fig. 7 to adapt to different width cast, in the time that connecting rod 45 moves up and down in the drive of rocker 44, connecting rod 45 contacts as the contact of rolling with bearing 462, prevent that connecting rod 45 and retractor device 46 are stuck.Described conveying device 42 comprises stepper motor 421, sprocket wheel 422, chain 423 and a plurality of positioning chuck 424, chain 423 is rotatably located in frame 1 along the throughput direction of foundry goods by two sprocket wheels 422, the setting that is in transmission connection of sprocket wheel 422 and stepper motor 421, each positioning chuck 424 is equidistant to be located on chain 423 for foundry goods is accurately located, location dop 331 in described positioning chuck 424 structures and foundry goods transfer device 3 is approximate, described compression device 47 comprises support platform 472 on three groups of lower support platforms 471 and three groups, described each group of lower support platform 471 is made up of two fixed support block that are positioned at conveying device 42 both lateral sides respectively, each back-up block is detachably located at respectively in frame 1, the position of each group lower support platform 471 expects that with non-the breaking of foundry goods 9 described in each station outside is partly along corresponding, that is to say, break material station first, the part of breaking is overflowing material, two back-up blocks of the lower support platform 471 of this station lay respectively at the product below of foundry goods 9 described in conveying device 42 both sides so, when overflowing material is subject to breaking material pincers 451 downwards when active force upwards, product itself is because gripping of the upper back-up block that is subject to lower support piece and address below do not done to swing, on described each group, support platform 472 comprises cylinder 4721, connecting rod 4722 and two adjusting rods 4723, described cylinder 4721 is located in frame 1, connecting rod 4722 two ends are connected with piston rod and the adjusting rod 4723 of cylinder 4721 respectively, every group of two adjusting rods 4723 lay respectively at the both lateral sides of conveying device 42, the adjustable in length of adjusting rod 4723, as shown in Figure 7, the projected area of adjusting rod 4723 vertical direction in the upper support platform 471 of described each group and the back-up block on the lower support platform 471 of corresponding station coincide, like this, in the time breaking material pincers overflowing material broken material and processed, adjusting rod 4723 in back-up block on lower support platform 471 and upper support platform 472 is pushed down the two sides up and down of foundry goods 9 products simultaneously, product is tightly fixed, break material pincers and repeatedly break up and down the coupling part of material folding material overflowing material and product, overflowing material enters the waste material recovery device 5 of below.Same reason, when stepper motor 421 drive chain and on foundry goods enter into second and break material when station, now the product 9c of foundry goods 9 both sides and product 9e lay respectively at and break between material pincers, and adjusting rod 4723 in back-up block and upper support platform 472 in support platform 471 is pushed down the upper and lower two sides of runner body of foundry goods 9 simultaneously, break material pincers and repeatedly break up and down the fracture coupling part of product 9c and product 9e and runner body of material, product 9c and product 9e enter corresponding material frame by chute 49 respectively, when stepper motor drive chain and on foundry goods enter into the 3rd and break material when station, now the product 9d of foundry goods 9 both sides and product 9f lay respectively at and break between material pincers, and adjusting rod 4723 in back-up block and upper support platform 472 in support platform 471 is pushed down the upper and lower two sides of runner body of foundry goods 9 simultaneously, break material pincers and repeatedly break up and down the fracture coupling part of product 9d and product 9f and runner body of material, product 9d and product 9f enter corresponding material frame by chute 49 respectively, the present embodiment uses three stations to complete the material work of breaking, mainly to allow break the product 9c after material, 9d, 9e and 9f can accurately enter corresponding material frame and unlikely batch mixing, save the trouble of artificial later stage go-on-go.
When breaking material, stepper motor 421 drives chain 423 to rotate counterclockwise, positioning chuck 424 enters into the first station with foundry goods 9, now the piston rod of cylinder 461 stretches out, drivening rod 45 swings to centre, the material pincers of breaking that are positioned at chain 423 both sides enter the material state of breaking, meanwhile, two lower support platforms that are positioned at the first station chain 423 both sides lay respectively at the below of foundry goods 9 each products, the piston rod of cylinder 4721 stretches out downwards, drive the adjusting rod 4723 of both sides to move down, two adjusting rods 4723 are pressed in each product upper surface of foundry goods 9, then clutch 43 closures, driving lever 431 drives driven pulley 414 to engage with driving wheel 413, asynchronous machine 41 drives driving wheel 413 periodic wobble by connecting rod 412, driven pulley 414 and rocker 44 periodic wobble that follows suit, thereby the overflowing material in foundry goods 9 outsides is broken disconnected dropping on waste material recovery device 5.Then clutch 43 unclamps, driving lever 431 is moved to the left, rocker 44 stops swinging and returns to level, cylinder 4721 piston rods upwards lift the upper surface that makes adjusting rod 4723 leave product, stepper motor drives foundry goods to enter the second station, enter and break overflowing material process and the first station receives new foundry goods simultaneously, the second station enters breaks product 9c and product 9e operation, at the second station, it is the runner body of foundry goods that the adjusting rod 4723 of this station moves down what push down, and that break 451 contacts of material pincers is product 9c and product 9e, on this station, product 9d and product 9f do not break material operation.After clutch closure, the overflowing material on 451 pairs of these stations of material pincers broken of the first station is broken material and is processed, and break product 9c on 451 pairs of these stations of material pincers and the product 9e of the second station break material and process.After breaking and having expected, clutch 43 is thrown off, cylinder 461 resets to leave to both sides and breaks the material scope of operation, the first station, the adjusting rod 4723 of the second station all upwards lifts under the effect of cylinder 4721, stepper motor 421 drives chain 423 to be moved to the left a station, now break material and have foundry goods on station for three, with the identical before course of work, adjusting rod 4723 moves down, the adjusting rod 4723 of the 3rd station still clamps runner body together with lower support platform 471, cylinder 461 swings the working face that enters the 3rd station to centre, make to break material pincers 451 and be just positioned at product 9d on foundry goods 9 and the upper and lower surface of 9f, the first station is the same with aforesaid process with the second station, clutch closure, rocker 44 drive each station break that material pincers 451 have swung up and down station separately break material operation, product under breaking enters corresponding material frame by corresponding chute 49 respectively.After breaking and having expected, stepper motor 421 drives runner body further to rotate counterclockwise, and in the time that chain 423 is walked around sprocket wheel 422, due to Action of Gravity Field, runner body automatically comes off and falls into the waste material recovery device 5 of below from chain 423.
Described waste material recovery device 5 is made up of revolution conveyer belt 51 and revolution conveyer belt 52, described revolution conveyer belt 51 is located at and is broken materials device 4 belows and break material station and break lower overflowing material and the 3rd and break the runner body of expecting after station completes for reclaiming foundry goods first, die casting machine melting furnace top and revolution conveyer belt 51 output belows are located at respectively in the two ends of described revolution conveyer belt 52, and described revolution conveyer belt 51, revolution conveyer belt 52 pass through respectively Induction Motor-Driven.In the time breaking materials device operation, overflowing material and runner body that revolution conveyer belt 51 is collected under breaking, and the melting furnace top of delivering to die casting machine through turning round conveyer belt 52 re-starts melting utilization, make whole break materials device and die casting machine seamless link, a people can keep an eye on many such material equipment of automatically breaking continuously.
Automatically break in materials device above-mentioned, be provided with electric control system, this electric control system can be to adopt Mitsubishi PLC or Omron PLC, also can adopt the PLC of Siemens, this is automatically broken on materials device when each motion moves to dead-centre position, whether be provided with corresponding approach switch or photoelectricity switch carries out and puts in place for monitoring this executing agency, in the time that execution puts in place, the optoelectronic switch (or approach switch) of each monitoring point sends a signal of telecommunication to PLC, PLC specifies each device to enter next step operation by the implementation status of detection and executing agency.Automatically the magnetic valve etc. of breaking asynchronous machine in materials device, stepper motor, control cylinder action is all electrically connected with electric control system, this connection for a person skilled in the art, can set according to the sequencing of each mechanism work, and PLC supplier also has corresponding technical staff to set according to the actual service condition of equipment, electrical control aspect only relates to SECO problem, and this partial content is not improvement part of the present utility model and be only that part is mentioned at this.
In above-described embodiment, described cylinder also can adopt oil cylinder or be substituted by the screw mandrel of servo motor driven, and it can realize the purpose of this utility model equally, and described each motor also can substitute with servo motor.Arranging of station, because the each product space on foundry goods is relatively close, preferably adopt three stations to break material and process, for the relatively large occasion of product distance on foundry goods, adopt two stations to break material and be also fine, it can realize the purpose of this utility model equally.
The utility model and automatically breaking compared with materials device of mentioning in background technology, by adopting asynchronous machine, clutch, rocker, connecting rod, what retractor device combined breaks the alternative original working method of breaking material with cylinder reciprocating action of material mode, the speed of rocker can be set as required, the work that does not resemble cylinder is subject to inertia and air pressure, the impact of porting size, the latter breaks while expecting because cylinder exercise speed not enough is fast, cause same station, need relatively many material of breaking to move and material could be broken, thereby the latter is when supporting with die casting machine, owing to not catching up with the die casting speed of die casting machine, add and adopt branched point location foundry goods, making to break the failed situation of material frequently occurs, cause this equipment to be abandoned, the material of breaking that the technical solution of the utility model is carried out 3 months at the workshop of oneself by inventor is tested, reach the Expected Results of invention completely, the clear not batch mixing of product classification under breaking, recruitment number and the labour intensity greatly saved.

Claims (7)

1. automatically break materials device for one kind, it is characterized in that: comprise frame and be located at successively the foundry goods extraction element in frame according to streamline, foundry goods transfer device, break materials device and waste material recovery device, described each device is electrically connected with electric control system respectively, the described materials device of breaking comprises drive unit (41), clutch, rocker, six roots of sensation connecting rod, six retractor devices, conveying device (42) and compression device, described rocker has the axis paralleling with the throughput direction of foundry goods, the axial one end of rocker is in transmission connection by clutch and drive unit (41), one end of six roots of sensation connecting rod is hubbed at rocker axis both sides, the free end of each connecting rod is respectively equipped with breaks material pincers, six retractor devices are located at respectively near the free end of frame and each connecting rod, conveying device (42) comprises drive unit (421), sprocket wheel, chain and a plurality of positioning chuck, chain is rotatably located in frame along the throughput direction of foundry goods by sprocket wheel, sprocket wheel and drive unit (421) setting that is in transmission connection, each positioning chuck is equidistant to be located on chain for foundry goods is accurately located, described compression device comprises support platform on three groups of lower support platforms and three groups, described three groups of lower support platforms are detachably located at the both lateral sides of the above conveying device of frame, on described three groups, support platform is located at the both lateral sides of the above conveying device of frame (42) by lowering or hoisting gear, and the upper support platform of each group lower support platform and correspondence position projected area vertically overlaps, described drive unit (41), clutch, each retractor device, drive unit (421) and lowering or hoisting gear are electrically connected with electric control system respectively.
2. the materials device of automatically breaking according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described foundry goods transfer device comprises conveying device (31), pallet, cylinder (32), cylinder (33), turn device (34), cylinder (35), clamping device and cylinder (36), described conveying device (31) comprises that two chains that be arranged in parallel that driven by drive unit and a plurality of fixture blocks of being located at respectively on chain form, cylinder (32) is located at the centre of the above two chain of frame, pallet is located at the piston rod free end of cylinder (32), one side of pallet has the fluting that extends to horizontal plane middle part, turn device (34) is located at the above cylinder of frame (32) below, cylinder (33) is located on the output of turn device, the piston rod of cylinder (33) is provided with location dop, described cylinder (36) is located in the frame of conveying device (42) top, cylinder (35) is located on the piston rod of cylinder (36), clamping device is located on the piston rod of cylinder (35), described each cylinder is connected with compressed air source by magnetic valve respectively, described each magnetic valve and turn device, conveying device (31), clamping device is electrically connected with electric control system respectively.
3. the materials device of automatically breaking according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, the throughput direction of the throughput direction of described conveying device (31) and conveying device (42) is 90 degree along the angle of horizontal plane, and the frame being positioned at above conveying device (31) is provided with cooling device.
4. the materials device of automatically breaking according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described foundry goods extraction element comprises cylinder (21), cylinder (22), connecting rod and clamping device, the cylinder body of described cylinder (21) is hubbed on die casting machine, clamping device is located on the piston rod of cylinder (21), the free end of clamping device is provided with the claw of clamping foundry goods, the piston rod of cylinder (22) tilts to be located in frame, the cylinder body of cylinder (22) is hinged by the piston rod of connecting rod and cylinder (21), described each cylinder is connected with compressed air source by magnetic valve, described each magnetic valve and clamping device are electrically connected with electric control system respectively.
5. the materials device of automatically breaking according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: the free end of described clamping device is provided with foundry goods cooling jet and releasing agent nozzle, described each nozzle connects with corresponding cooling water and releasing agent by pipeline, on each pipeline, be provided with magnetic valve with the unlatching of control piper or close, each magnetic valve is electrically connected with electric control system respectively.
6. according to automatically breaking materials device described in claim 2 or 4, it is characterized in that: described clamping device comprises gripper cylinder, spheroid and two claws, the middle part of described two claws is symmetrical arranged by two pivots respectively, one side of two claws is respectively equipped with cavity volume for holding the tapered stud of foundry goods, gripper cylinder is located on the piston rod of cylinder (35) or cylinder (21), spheroid is fixedly connected with the piston rod of gripper cylinder, spheroid is located in the cavity volume of two claw opposite sides formation simultaneously, described gripper cylinder is connected with compressed air source by magnetic valve, described magnetic valve is electrically connected with electric control system.
7. according to automatically breaking materials device described in the arbitrary claim of claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that: described waste material recovery device forms by turning round conveyer belt (51) and turning round conveyer belt (52), described revolution conveyer belt (51) is located at and is broken materials device below and break material station and break lower overflowing material and the 3rd and break the runner body of expecting after station completes for reclaiming foundry goods first, die casting machine melting furnace top and revolution conveyer belt (51) output below are located at respectively in the two ends of described revolution conveyer belt (52), described revolution conveyer belt (51), revolution conveyer belt (52) drives by motor respectively, motor and electric control system are electrically connected.
CN201420290232.0U 2014-06-03 2014-06-03 Fully-automatic material breaking device Withdrawn - After Issue CN203862985U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104014759A (en) * 2014-06-03 2014-09-03 郑声狄 Full-automatic material breaking-off device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104014759A (en) * 2014-06-03 2014-09-03 郑声狄 Full-automatic material breaking-off device

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