CN203860136U - Greenhouse for four seasons - Google Patents

Greenhouse for four seasons Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203860136U
CN203860136U CN201420098452.3U CN201420098452U CN203860136U CN 203860136 U CN203860136 U CN 203860136U CN 201420098452 U CN201420098452 U CN 201420098452U CN 203860136 U CN203860136 U CN 203860136U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
skeleton
seasons
arc
chamber
fixture
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420098452.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王明耀
张顺斋
石琳琪
张桂海
王学颖
董灵迪
黄志辉
焦永刚
宁鹏飞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GU'AN SHUNZHAI CUCURBITS AND VEGETABLES PLANTATION SPECIALIZED COOPERATIVES
INSTITUTE OF CASH CROPS HEBEI ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY SCIENCES
LANGFANG ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
Original Assignee
GU'AN SHUNZHAI CUCURBITS AND VEGETABLES PLANTATION SPECIALIZED COOPERATIVES
INSTITUTE OF CASH CROPS HEBEI ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY SCIENCES
LANGFANG ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by GU'AN SHUNZHAI CUCURBITS AND VEGETABLES PLANTATION SPECIALIZED COOPERATIVES, INSTITUTE OF CASH CROPS HEBEI ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY SCIENCES, LANGFANG ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES filed Critical GU'AN SHUNZHAI CUCURBITS AND VEGETABLES PLANTATION SPECIALIZED COOPERATIVES
Priority to CN201420098452.3U priority Critical patent/CN203860136U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203860136U publication Critical patent/CN203860136U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The utility model relates to the field of agricultural planting, in particular to a greenhouse for four seasons. The greenhouse for four seasons comprises a plurality of arc frameworks and a cross beam. Each arc framework comprises an upper framework body, a lower framework body and a connecting device, wherein the upper framework body and the lower framework body are fixedly connected through the connecting device. The multiple arc frameworks are arranged in the longitudinal direction and are connected through the cross beam, and a planting space is defined by the arc frameworks, the cross beam and the ground. As the arc frameworks are formed by connecting the upper frameworks and the lower frameworks through the connecting devices, the greenhouse is firm in structure and does not need to be supported by a wall, water accumulation and collapse can not easily occur in the rainy season, ventilation is achieved in summer, the greenhouse is suitable for planting of most vegetable crops, the greenhouse is not prone to collapsing and can ensure normal production of vegetables after the heavy snow in winter, and therefore the greenhouse for four seasons is convenient to use.

Description

Four seasons canopy chamber
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural planting field, in particular to four seasons canopy chamber.
Background technology
The today improving constantly in living condition, people are more and more higher for the requirement of food, even if also want to have fresh vegetables, fruit etc. in cold and stern winter, particularly in the north of China, the weather conditions of cold season, hot season are not suitable for the growth of vegetables or other most plants, in order to solve this living needs of people, people have designed canopy chamber, for planting plants.In late November~late Febuary, adopt greenhouse by solar heat accumulation of heat, insulation, temperature adjustment, build control environment culturing vegetable; The early spring in 3~April and the autumn Mo of mid-October~mid-November adopt that plastic greenhouse heats, temperature adjustment, construction control environment culturing vegetable; In 7~August, in the burning hot and rainy time in summer, the plastic greenhouse that adopts plastic foil to cover is rainproof, temperature adjustment, construction control environment culturing vegetable, to solve the impact of extraneous unfavourable weather condition, and the necessary vegetables of the vast resident living in production town and country.
Greenhouse by solar heat in correlation technique, comprises body of wall, skeleton etc., by body of wall setting on the ground, one end of skeleton is fixedly connected with the top of body of wall, and the other end is fixedly connected with ground, and the plantation space that skeleton and body of wall surround, for planting plants.
But, the greenhouse by solar heat in correlation technique, because body of wall is blocked up, land utilization rate only has 40%; For semi-underground type structure, under needing, sit on subsurface, rainy season easy ponding, cave in; Prevent wind from passing through summer and be not suitable for the cultivation of most vegetable crops, easily cave in after falling heavy snow winter.So, use inconvenient.
Utility model content
It is a kind of for all producing the new canopy cell structure of vegetables throughout the year, to solve the above problems that the purpose of this utility model is to provide.
The four seasons canopy chamber providing in embodiment of the present utility model, comprising: some arc skeletons and crossbeam; Arc skeleton comprises upper skeleton, lower skeleton and jockey; Upper skeleton and lower skeleton are fixed together by jockey; Some arc skeleton longitudinal arrangements, link together by crossbeam, surround plantation space with ground.
Further, upper skeleton is galvanized pipe; Lower skeleton is screw-thread steel.
Further, four seasons canopy chamber also comprises support portion, and support portion is arranged in ground, and arc skeleton is arranged on support portion, and support portion is used for supporting arc skeleton; Support portion is grade beam or stub.
Further, jockey comprises some reinforcements; Reinforcement connects from beginning to end, and two adjacent reinforcements have angle; Two adjacent reinforcements are all fixed together with upper skeleton or lower skeleton.
Further, four seasons canopy chamber also comprises column, and column is used for supporting arc skeleton.
Further, on upper skeleton, away from lower skeleton, fly net is set.
Further, on fly net, the one side away from upper skeleton, is provided with plastic film, and/or thermal insulation quilt, and/or sunshade net.
Further, the summit of arc skeleton is scarp slope to arc skeleton one end, and its other end to arc skeleton is adverse grade; The radius of curvature of scarp slope is greater than the radius of curvature of adverse grade.
Further, four seasons canopy chamber also comprises fixture and thermal insulation quilt; The cross section of fixture is arc, and identical with the radius of curvature of adverse grade; Thermal insulation quilt comprises leading portion and back segment; Leading portion is wrapped in outside fixture, and back segment, for covering fixture away from the one side of adverse grade and arc skeleton, is provided with plastic film in the one side of leading portion away from fixture.
Further, fixture, the one end away from the summit of arc skeleton, is provided with fixedly ring portion; Leading portion passes fixedly ring portion and is fixedly connected with back segment, and fixedly ring portion is used for fixedly thermal insulation quilt.
The four seasons canopy chamber that the utility model embodiment provides, because its arc skeleton is linked together upper skeleton and lower skeleton to make by jockey, so it is firm in structure, without wall support, be not easy ponding rainy season, cave in, do not prevent wind from passing through summer, is applicable to most vegetable crops cultivations, is difficult for caving in and can normally produces vegetables after falling heavy snow winter.So, easy to use.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 shows the schematic cross-section of the four seasons canopy chamber that the utility model provides.
Embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, also by reference to the accompanying drawings the utility model is described in further detail.
The four seasons canopy chamber that the present embodiment provides, as shown in Figure 1, be mainly used in the novel canopy cell structure that on the south the northern area of China north latitude 41 degree, apply flat area, greenhouse by solar heat and plastic greenhouse advantage are normally cultivated, integrated to suitable vegetables throughout the year, comprise: some arc skeletons 101 and crossbeam 102; Arc skeleton 101 comprises upper skeleton 103, lower skeleton 104 and jockey 105; Upper skeleton 103 and lower skeleton 104 are fixed together by jockey 105; Some arc skeleton 101 longitudinal arrangements, link together by crossbeam 102, surround plantation space with ground.Because its arc skeleton 101 is linked together upper skeleton 103 and lower skeleton 104 to make by jockey 105, so it is firm in structure, without wall support, be not easy ponding rainy season, cave in, do not prevent wind from passing through summer, is applicable to most vegetable crops cultivations, is difficult for caving in and can normally produces vegetables after falling heavy snow winter, so, easy to use.In addition, four seasons canopy chamber is ground type structure, does not need down to sit on underground.In addition, in order further to strengthen external force resistance ability, corrosion resistance and the steadiness of arc skeleton 101, upper skeleton 103 is galvanized pipe; Lower skeleton 104 is screw-thread steel.Galvanized pipe has that corrosion resistance is strong, cost is low and the advantage such as long service life, and screw-thread steel has certain mechanical strength, becomes bent deformation performance and fabrication weldability energy.By jockey 105, galvanized pipe and screw-thread steel are linked together, can make the stability of arc skeleton 101 stronger, extend the service life of arc skeleton 101.
In order to prevent that arc skeleton 101 from sinking, cause plantation space to diminish, the growth of the space of impact plantation simultaneously implants, four seasons canopy chamber also comprises support portion 106, support portion 106 is arranged in ground, and arc skeleton 101 is arranged on support portion 106, and support portion 106 is for supporting arc skeleton 101; Support portion 106 is grade beam or stub.Support portion 106 can stop the sinking of arc skeleton 101 like this, makes the stability of four seasons canopy chamber better.
Jockey 105 comprises some reinforcements; Reinforcement connects from beginning to end, and two adjacent reinforcements have angle; Two adjacent reinforcements are all fixed together with upper skeleton 103 or lower skeleton 104.Jockey 105 not only links together upper skeleton 103 and lower skeleton 104, and meanwhile, reinforcement has also further been reinforced the stability of arc skeleton 101, has improved the external force resistance ability of arc skeleton 101.In the winter of northern China, because snowfall is more, thus by above-mentioned structure, can strengthen the stability of arc skeleton 101, and improve anti-snow ability, and can not fallen by crushing by snow, be conducive to people and use in the winter time four seasons canopy chamber planting plants.
Four seasons canopy chamber also comprises column 110, and column 110 is for supporting arc skeleton 101.In northern China, to avenge greatlyr, snow can overstock on arc skeleton 101, for avoiding, because accumulated snow is excessive to be made 101 distortion of arc skeleton or cave in, at the place, summit of arc skeleton 101, is provided with column 110, one end of column 110 and ground butt.The other end is fixedly connected with arc skeleton 101, can increase like this weight capacity of arc skeleton 101, makes arc skeleton 101 stability stronger, and column 110 also can alleviate the heavy burden of arc skeleton 101 simultaneously, extends the service life of arc skeleton 101.
On upper skeleton 103, away from lower skeleton 104, fly net 107 is set.Northern China to November, is the season that vegetable-crop pest-insect is movable and move in the March, so fly net 107 is set on upper skeleton 103, can effectively prevent that insect from entering in plantation space, gnaw plant, avoid the growth of plant to produce adverse influence.
In order to make to plant the environment in space, more there is the growth that utilizes plant, on fly net 107, away from the one side of described upper skeleton 103, be provided with plastic film 108, and/or thermal insulation quilt 114, and/or sunshade net 109.According to local climatic variation, change plastic film 108 and/or sunshade net 109, in March to October, need on upper skeleton 103, cover fly net 107, because at this season, warm, there is pest activity, for fear of insect, move into and gnaw plant, so need to use fly net 107 to intercept insect to prevent the infringement of insect to plant, in July to August, on upper skeleton 103, cover outside fly net 107, also need on fly net 107, add a cover again plastic film 108 and sunshade net 109, because July and August are rainy season and the hot season of northern China, four seasons canopy chamber covered with plastic film 108 can play the effect of umbrella, prevent that rainwater from directly squeezing into the plants such as the indoor injury vegetables of four seasons canopy, when high temperature is hot, covered with sunshade net prevents that sunlight is excessively strong, excess Temperature damages the plant in plantation space, so need to add a cover layer of plastic film 108 at this season, high temperature adds lid layer sunshade net 109 when hot, in September, to mid-October, only need on upper skeleton 103, cover fly net 107, because be now autumn, intensity of illumination is applicable to plant needs, thus covered with sunshade net 109 no longer, a need covering fly net 107, in the last ten-days period in March to April, the last ten-days period in October to mid-November, on upper skeleton 103, cover fly net 107, on fly net 107, covered with plastic film 108, because at the lower normal growth that does not utilize plant of these month outside air temperatures, so need to add a cover plastic film 108 within these months, adjust the temperature and humidity in plantation space by plastic film 108.Like this, by plastic film 108 and sunshade net 109, adjust the temperature and humidity in plantation space, plant is accepted the time and intensity of sunlight, maintains the normal growth of plantation space implants, increases the survival rate of plant, improves the output of plant; February in the last ten-days period to next year in November, because temperature is lower, particularly in northern China, plastic film 108 need to be set on upper skeleton 103, on plastic film 108, covering and heat insulating is by 114, by the acting in conjunction of thermal insulation quilt 114 and plastic film 108, maintain the temperature and humidity in plantation space.In addition, for the ease of using, fly net can be arranged on upper skeleton 103 whole year.
The summit of arc skeleton 101 is scarp slope 111 to arc skeleton 101 one end, and its other end to arc skeleton 101 is adverse grade 112; The radius of curvature of scarp slope 111 is greater than the radius of curvature of adverse grade 112.Four seasons canopy chamber also comprises fixture 113 and thermal insulation quilt 114; The cross section of fixture 113 is arc, and identical with the radius of curvature of adverse grade 112; Thermal insulation quilt 114 comprises leading portion 115 and back segment 116; Leading portion is wrapped in outside fixture 113, and back segment 116, for covering fixture 113 away from the one side of adverse grade 112 and arc skeleton 101, is provided with plastic film 108 in the one side of leading portion away from fixture 113.Because at winter, early spring and the Qiu Mo of northern China, temperature is low, thus need the heat insulation effect of four seasons canopy chamber to get well, the temperature of the plant normal growth in guarantee plantation space.Leading portion 115 by thermal insulation quilt 114 wraps device 113, fixture 113 and adverse grade 112 are being close to and are being closed, can guarantee the temperature in the plantation space at adverse grade 112 places, because adverse grade 112 is the north sides that are in four seasons canopy chamber, for insulation and storing heat, can guarantee like this growth temperature of the plant that four seasons canopy is indoor.Back segment 116 by thermal insulation quilt 114 covers fixture 113 and arc skeleton 101, and the temperature that can guarantee to plant space is applicable to the normal growth of plant.In addition, by fixture 113, thermal insulation quilt 114 is fixed on arc skeleton 101, can avoids thermal insulation quilt 114 to depart from arc skeleton 101.In addition, in using the process of four seasons canopy chamber, can be according to the variation of weather, select to cover any in fly net 107, plastic film 108, sunshade net 109 and thermal insulation quilt 114 or appoint several, maintain the temperature and humidity in plantation space, also have plant to receive the time and intensity of sunlight.
In the winter in my north, through it's always windy, for fear of because fixture 113, the one end away from the summit of arc skeleton 101, is provided with fixedly ring portion; Leading portion passes fixedly ring portion and is fixedly connected with back segment 116, and fixedly ring portion is used for fixedly thermal insulation quilt 114.By fixedly ring portion is set in fixture 113, by fixing ring portion, further thermal insulation quilt 114 is fixed, guarantee the temperature in plantation space, improve the survival rate of plant, heighten the output of plant.
The four seasons canopy chamber that the utility model provides, it is simple in structure, the prices of raw and semifnished materials are low, simple installation, long service life.Sit in the north facing the south in four seasons canopy chamber, thing extends, be that adverse grade is exposed to the north, scarp slope towards south, by crossbeam 102, some arc skeletons 101 are linked together, four seasons canopy chamber thing is extended, the advantage of having gathered greenhouse by solar heat and plastic greenhouse, and can, according to the variation of outside weather, convert the covering of upper skeleton 103, the covering is here the general designation of fly net, plastic foil, sunshade net and thermal insulation quilt, is applicable to the plant such as culturing vegetable, fruit throughout the year.This four seasons canopy chamber is according to the requirement design of the plants such as the climatic characteristic in vast flat area winter, early spring or time in late fall, spring, summer, autumn on the south China's north latitude 41 degree and whole year production vegetables, fruit, utilize sunshine can normally cultivate throughout the year and produce quality vegetables plant for the energy, Winter Cultivation leafy vegetable wherein, early spring or time in late fall are produced fruit type vegetable, spring, autumn produce happiness light and like warm melon dish, the heat-resisting moisture-proof vegetables of production in summer.Four seasons canopy chamber and existing greenhouse by solar heat and plastic greenhouse comparison, its land utilization rate has improved more than 50%, simultaneously, solved that greenhouse by solar heat can not normally be produced vegetables in hot season, plastic greenhouse can not normally be produced the problem of vegetables in cold season, there is no that leading portion daylighting in winter is poor, summer easy ponding problem, there is no the body of wall problem of easily caving in, build easy applicable batch production and produce, rainy season and energy construction in winter, construction cost reduces more than 20%.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, be not limited to the utility model, for a person skilled in the art, the utility model can have various modifications and variations.All within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any modification of doing, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. four seasons canopy chamber, is characterized in that, comprising: some arc skeletons and crossbeam;
Described arc skeleton comprises upper skeleton, lower skeleton and jockey;
Described upper skeleton and described lower skeleton are fixed together by described jockey;
Some described arc skeleton longitudinal arrangements, link together by described crossbeam, surround plantation space with ground;
The summit of described arc skeleton is scarp slope to described arc skeleton one end, and its other end to described arc skeleton is adverse grade;
The radius of curvature of described scarp slope is greater than the radius of curvature of described adverse grade;
Also comprise fixture and thermal insulation quilt;
The cross section of described fixture is arc, and identical with the radius of curvature of described adverse grade;
Described thermal insulation quilt comprises leading portion and back segment;
Described leading portion is rolled in outside described fixture, and described back segment is for covering fixture away from the one side of described adverse grade and described arc skeleton;
In the one side of described leading portion away from described fixture, be provided with plastic film.
2. four seasons canopy according to claim 1 chamber, is characterized in that, described upper skeleton is galvanized pipe; Described lower skeleton is screw-thread steel.
3. four seasons canopy according to claim 1 chamber, is characterized in that, also comprise support portion, described support portion is arranged in ground, and described arc skeleton is arranged on support portion, and described support portion is used for supporting described arc skeleton;
Described support portion is grade beam or stub.
4. four seasons canopy according to claim 1 chamber, is characterized in that, described jockey comprises some reinforcements;
Described reinforcement connects from beginning to end, and two adjacent described reinforcements have angle;
Two adjacent described reinforcements are all fixed together with described upper skeleton or lower skeleton.
5. four seasons canopy according to claim 1 chamber, is characterized in that, also comprises column, and described column is used for supporting described arc skeleton.
6. four seasons canopy according to claim 1 chamber, is characterized in that, on described upper skeleton, away from described lower skeleton, fly net is set.
7. four seasons canopy according to claim 6 chamber, is characterized in that, on described fly net, the one side away from described upper skeleton, is provided with plastic film, and/or thermal insulation quilt, and/or sunshade net.
8. four seasons canopy according to claim 1 chamber, is characterized in that, described fixture, and the one end away from the summit of described arc skeleton, is provided with fixedly ring portion;
Described leading portion is fixedly connected with described back segment through described fixedly ring portion, and described fixedly ring portion is for fixing described thermal insulation quilt.
CN201420098452.3U 2014-03-05 2014-03-05 Greenhouse for four seasons Expired - Fee Related CN203860136U (en)

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CN201420098452.3U CN203860136U (en) 2014-03-05 2014-03-05 Greenhouse for four seasons

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420098452.3U CN203860136U (en) 2014-03-05 2014-03-05 Greenhouse for four seasons

Publications (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106171660A (en) * 2016-07-14 2016-12-07 陈忠 A kind of multi-functional composite telescopic booth

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106171660A (en) * 2016-07-14 2016-12-07 陈忠 A kind of multi-functional composite telescopic booth

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141008

Termination date: 20160305