CN203853286U - Winnowing-type walnut shell-kernel separator - Google Patents

Winnowing-type walnut shell-kernel separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203853286U
CN203853286U CN201420269431.3U CN201420269431U CN203853286U CN 203853286 U CN203853286 U CN 203853286U CN 201420269431 U CN201420269431 U CN 201420269431U CN 203853286 U CN203853286 U CN 203853286U
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China
Prior art keywords
walnut
airduct
shell
walnut shell
barrier film
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CN201420269431.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王亚妮
贺功民
田智辉
王维
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SHAANXI AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY RESEARCH
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SHAANXI AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY RESEARCH
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of agricultural product processing through agricultural machinery and relates to a winnowing-type walnut shell-kernel separator which is suitable for separation of mixtures with shells and kernels separated completely after mechanical shell breaking of walnuts. The winnowing-type walnut shell-kernel separator comprises a rack A, a feeding hopper, a vibrating feeder, an air pipe A, a rack B, a walnut shell discharging box, an air pipe B, a walnut diaphragm discharging box, a walnut diaphragm discharger, a fan and an air pipe C, a feeding port and a walnut kernel outlet are arranged at positions close to the lower portion of the air pipe A, the other end of the air pipe A is connected with the walnut shell discharging box, one end of the air pipe B is connected with the upper end of the walnut shell discharging box while the other end of the same is connected with the walnut diaphragm discharging box, one end of the air pipe C is connected with the upper portion of the walnut diaphragm discharging box while the other end of the same is connected with the fan, and size of the air pipe A, the air pipe B and the air pipe C sequentially increases. According to difference in suspending speed of walnut shells, kernels and diaphragms, air speed changing is realized by changing size of the air pipes to realize the objective of separation of the walnut shells, the kernels and the diaphragms.

Description

A kind of winnowing type walnut shell and meat separator
One, technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of winnowing type walnut shell and meat separator, belongs to agricultural machinery technical field of agricultural product process.
Two, background technology
Walnut is as ecological seeds and economic tree, and in China, cultivated area increases year by year, and walnut output increases thereupon, and walnut deep processed product is also in continuous exploitation, the deep processing of quovis modo, and shell-cracking kernel-taking is all primary operation.On domestic market, occur some mechanical broken shell equipment, but after broken shell, mostly also need manually to carry out separation of hull from kernel, production efficiency is low, and sanitary condition is poor, can not match with mechanical broken shell equipment.Carrying out walnut shell and meat isolated nuclei peach kernel is major product, but walnut shell, barrier film can also carry out other application as byproduct.
Through the Searches of Patent Literature, there are two kinds of walnut shell and meat sorting separation equipments, as the patent No. walnut shell and meat separator that is 200720127083.6, comprise feeding hopper, frame, device for transporting objects, jittering device, blower fan and R type sorting unit, use pneumatic separation method sorting walnut shell, benevolence, sorting air-flow is provided by blower fan, can regulate air quantity.The major defect of this equipment is that jittering device can not be thrown off the walnut shell and meat after broken shell completely, affects shell benevolence separating effect; It is inconvenient that bottom, R type wind chamber produces the cleaning of gathering materials, and walnut shell does not separate with barrier film.The patent No. is 200810072908.8 walnut shell and meat separator, comprise frame, large shell discharge bucket, leading screw range regulator, separation of hull from kernel ring body, feed hopper, jackshaft, sprocket wheel, motor, aggregate bin etc., the walnut of not throwing off mainly for broken shell back cover benevolence, walnut shell and benevolence are thrown off completely, just by large part shell separately, little shell and benevolence also mix, and need further to separate sorting.
Three, utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is: the mixture of throwing off completely for walnut shell and meat after broken shell separates sorting, overcome the problem that prior art exists, propose a kind of simple in structure, easy to operate, guarantee walnut kernel sorting quality, a kind of winnowing type walnut shell and meat separator that walnut kernel, shell, barrier film are collected respectively simultaneously.
The purpose of this utility model completes like this: a kind of winnowing type walnut shell and meat separator, according to the floating velocity difference of walnut shell, benevolence, barrier film, realize wind speed variation by changing airduct size, and reach the object of walnut shell, benevolence, membrane separation.
The technical solution of the utility model is: a kind of winnowing type walnut shell and meat separator, and it comprises: frame A, feed hopper, vibra feeder, airduct A, frame B, walnut shell discharge box, walnut shell unload device, airduct B, walnut barrier film discharge box, walnut barrier film discharger, blower fan, airduct C; Airduct A on the lower portion is provided with charging aperture, walnut kernel outlet, and the airduct A other end is connected with walnut shell discharge box; Airduct B one end is connected with walnut shell discharge box top, and the other end is connected with walnut barrier film discharge box; Airduct C one end is connected with walnut barrier film discharge box top, and the other end is connected with blower fan; Charging aperture on airduct A is provided with adjusting plate, and walnut kernel outlet is provided with controllable register, regulates by bolt, and controllable register swings around hinge; The size of airduct A, airduct B, airduct C becomes greatly successively, and airduct A, airduct C are respectively equipped with control valve A, control valve B; Walnut shell discharger, walnut barrier film discharger structure are identical, comprise discharger shell, rolling bearing units, end plate A, end plate B, rotating shaft, reductor, motor, blade, rotating shaft and blade are welded as a whole, walnut shell and barrier film are filled in " V " type space being made up of discharger shell, rotating shaft, blade, motor drives reductor to drive rotating shaft running, can continuous discharge.
The utlity model has following advantage:
(1) can once complete the separation of walnut shell, benevolence, barrier film, miscellany rate is little, before selection by winnowing separates, shell benevolence mixture is carried out to pre-classification, separation of hull from kernel better effects if;
(2) separate by selection by winnowing, and walnut kernel operating path in equipment is short, to the not damage of walnut kernel surface;
(3) device structure is simple, easy to operate, seldom needs cleaning, and operating efficiency is high.
Four, brief description of the drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Accompanying drawing 2 exports local structural representation for airduct A charging aperture and walnut kernel.
Accompanying drawing 3 is walnut shell and walnut barrier film discharger structural representation.
Accompanying drawing 4 is walnut shell and walnut barrier film discharger profile.
Description of reference numerals is as follows:
1--frame A; 2--feed hopper; 3--vibra feeder; 4--airduct A; 5--frame B; 6--walnut shell discharge box; 7--walnut shell discharger; 8--airduct B; 9--walnut barrier film discharge box; 10--walnut barrier film discharger; 11--blower fan; 12--airduct C; 13--control valve A; 14--control valve B; 15--regulates plate; 16--charging aperture; The outlet of 17--walnut kernel; 18--adjusting bolt; 19--controllable register; 20--twisted axis; 21--discharger shell; 22--rolling bearing units; 23--end plate A; 24--end plate B; 25--rotating shaft; 26--reductor; 27--motor; 28--blade.
Five, detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing to the utility model do describe in detail furtherly bright.
With reference to accompanying drawing, a kind of winnowing type walnut shell and meat separator of the utility model, it comprises: frame A1, feed hopper 2, vibra feeder 3, airduct A4, frame B5, walnut shell discharge box 6, walnut shell unload device 7, airduct B8, walnut barrier film discharge box 9, walnut barrier film discharger 10, blower fan 11, airduct C12, control valve A13, control valve B14, and feed hopper 2, vibra feeder 3 are arranged on frame A1; It is upper that walnut shell discharge box 6, walnut barrier film discharge box 9, blower fan 11 are arranged on frame B5, and walnut shell discharge box 6 belows connect walnut shell discharger 7, and walnut barrier film discharge box connects walnut barrier film discharger 10 for 9 times; The size of airduct A4, airduct B8, airduct C12 becomes greatly successively, and airduct B8, airduct C12 are respectively equipped with control valve A13, control valve B14, changes the position of control valve A13, control valve B14, can change the wind speed in airduct B8, airduct C12.Airduct A4 on the lower portion is provided with charging aperture 16, walnut kernel outlet 17, regulate plate 15 can regulate charging aperture 16 sizes, rotate adjusting bolt 18, controllable register 19 swings around hinge 20, can change walnut kernel and export 17 sizes, regulate charging aperture 16, walnut kernel to export 17 sizes, can change the wind speed in airduct A4; Walnut shell discharger 7, walnut barrier film discharger 10 structures are identical, comprise discharger shell 21, rolling bearing units 22, end plate A23, end plate B24, rotating shaft 25, reductor 26, motor 27, blade 28, rotating shaft 25 is welded as a whole with blade 28, walnut shell and barrier film are filled in " V " type space being made up of shell 21, rotating shaft 25, blade 28, and motor 27 drives reductor 26 to drive rotating shaft 25 to turn round.
Operation principle: this utility model, according to the floating velocity difference of walnut shell, benevolence, barrier film, realizes wind speed variation by changing airduct size and control valve opening, reaches the object of walnut shell, benevolence, membrane separation.
The course of work: when work, opening power, start blower fan 11 and walnut shell discharger 7, walnut barrier film discharger 10 motor switch, in hopper 2, pack the walnut shell and meat mixture of throwing off completely into, material is sent into the charging aperture 16 of airduct A4 by vibra feeder 3, regulate adjusting plate 15 and walnut kernel on charging aperture 16 to export 17 controllable register 19, can change intake and wind speed, in the time that wind speed is suitable, walnut kernel falls and separates and collect from walnut kernel outlet 17; Walnut shell and barrier film are from the floating walnut shell discharge box 6 that is advanced into of airduct A4, and walnut shell is discharged and collected through walnut shell discharger 7 in the interior sedimentation of walnut shell discharge box 6; Walnut barrier film is lighter, regulates the control valve A13 on airduct B8, makes that walnut barrier film is floating from walnut shell discharge box 6 tops enters airduct B8 and walnut shell is non-rising; Walnut barrier film enters walnut barrier film discharge box 9 through airduct B8, regulate the control valve B14 on airduct C12, make walnut barrier film no longer continue floating in the 9 interior sedimentations of walnut barrier film discharge box and enter airduct C12, the walnut barrier film of sedimentation is discharged and is collected through walnut barrier film discharger 10, air-flow free from foreign meter or that contain a small amount of floating dust enters atmosphere through airduct C12, blower fan 11, so far completes the selection by winnowing separation process of walnut shell, benevolence, barrier film.

Claims (4)

1. a winnowing type walnut shell and meat separator, it comprises: frame A (1), feed hopper (2), vibra feeder (3), airduct A (4), frame B (5), walnut shell discharge box (6), walnut shell discharger (7), airduct B (8), walnut barrier film discharge box (9), walnut barrier film discharger (10), blower fan (11), airduct C (12), control valve A (13), control valve B (14), it is characterized in that: feed hopper (2), vibra feeder (3) is arranged on frame A (1), vibra feeder (3) is positioned at feed hopper (2) below, discharging opening enters in airduct A (4), the close bottom of airduct A (4) is provided with charging aperture (16), bottom is provided with walnut kernel outlet (17), and airduct A (4) other end is connected with walnut shell discharge box (6), walnut shell discharger (7) is installed in walnut shell discharge box (6) bottom, and top is connected with airduct B (8) one end, walnut barrier film discharger (7) is installed in walnut barrier film discharge box (9) bottom, and walnut barrier film discharge box (9) one end is connected with airduct B (8), and top is connected with airduct C (12), airduct C (12) other end is connected with blower fan (11), walnut shell discharge box (6), walnut barrier film discharge box (9), blower fan (11) are arranged on frame B (5).
2. a kind of winnowing type walnut shell and meat separator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the charging aperture (16) on airduct A (4) is provided with and regulates plate (15), walnut kernel outlet (17) is provided with controllable register (19), regulate by adjusting bolt (18), controllable register (19) swings around hinge (20).
3. a kind of winnowing type walnut shell and meat separator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the size of airduct A (4), airduct B (8), airduct C (12) becomes greatly successively, airduct B (8), airduct C (12) are respectively equipped with control valve A (13), control valve B (14).
4. a kind of winnowing type walnut shell and meat separator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: walnut shell discharger (7), walnut barrier film discharger (10) structure is identical, comprise discharger shell (21), rolling bearing units (22), end plate A (23), end plate B (24), rotating shaft (25), reductor (26), motor (27), blade (28), rotating shaft (25) is welded as a whole with blade (28), walnut shell and barrier film are filled in by shell (21), rotating shaft (25), in " V " type space of blade (28) composition, motor (27) drives reductor (26) to drive rotating shaft (25) running.
CN201420269431.3U 2014-05-17 2014-05-17 Winnowing-type walnut shell-kernel separator Active CN203853286U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420269431.3U CN203853286U (en) 2014-05-17 2014-05-17 Winnowing-type walnut shell-kernel separator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420269431.3U CN203853286U (en) 2014-05-17 2014-05-17 Winnowing-type walnut shell-kernel separator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203853286U true CN203853286U (en) 2014-10-01

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107262371A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-10-20 徐州瑞龙核桃科技开发有限公司 A kind of winnowing type walnut machine for separating kernel and shell

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107262371A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-10-20 徐州瑞龙核桃科技开发有限公司 A kind of winnowing type walnut machine for separating kernel and shell

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