CN203852919U - Centrifugal type sewage purifying and separating device - Google Patents

Centrifugal type sewage purifying and separating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203852919U
CN203852919U CN201420184883.1U CN201420184883U CN203852919U CN 203852919 U CN203852919 U CN 203852919U CN 201420184883 U CN201420184883 U CN 201420184883U CN 203852919 U CN203852919 U CN 203852919U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
filter core
core cylinder
shell
revolution
disengagement chamber
Prior art date
Application number
CN201420184883.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
汪怡平
辛宇华
王顺民
何昕
周亮
赵梦洋
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武汉理工大学
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Priority to CN201420184883.1U priority Critical patent/CN203852919U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203852919U publication Critical patent/CN203852919U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a centrifugal type sewage purifying and separating device. The centrifugal type sewage purifying and separating device is characterized by comprising a circular barrel shaped housing (9), a water inlet (1) and a slag outlet (15), wherein a hydraulic drive device is connected with a filter element barrel (10); a separating cavity rotary support (12) is arranged between the filter element barrel (10) and the lower bottom surface of the housing (9); the hydraulic drive device comprises a top cover (5), a guide chamber (6), an impeller (2) arranged in the guide cavity (6), a guide cavity bottom plate (7), and an overflow port (3) arranged on the guide cavity bottom plate (7), wherein the guide cavity (6) is a ring-shaped cavity formed by the housing (9), the top cover (5), the rotary shaft outer edge of the impeller (2) and the guide cavity bottom plate (7). According to the utility model, a centrifugal separating technology and a filter element filtering technology are combined, a hydraulic self-driving centrifugal filter device is adopted, and a back washing pipeline is arranged, and therefore, the centrifugal type sewage purifying and separating device is a separating device which is good in purifying effect, simple in structure, resource-saving and long in service life.

Description

A kind of centrifugal sewage purification separator
Technical field
The utility model relates to technical field of sewage.In particular, it relates to a kind of centrifugal sewage purification separator.
Background technology
Instantly, shortage of water resources, water is seriously polluted, and realizing the deep purifying of sewage and recycling for alleviating a series of resource environment problems has very important meaning.
Traditional purifying water process adopts the precipitation method to carry out, and precipitation method equipment is huge, expends space, and cost is high, and the sedimentation time is long; Simple filtration method flow velocity is very fast, but expends a large amount of filtering materials, and it is high easily to stop up maintenance cost; Cyclone separation process is as a multi-phase separation technology, it is under the effect of centrifugal force, to utilize two-phase or multiphase density contrast to realize alternate separation, existing cyclone separation device mostly adopts the mode of direct fluid to form eddy flow, separative efficiency is low, function singleness, and only limit to grain through the separation of the dirty grain of large heavy phase, lack filter.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art part, and a kind of centrifugal sewage purification separator is provided.It is the separator of a kind of good purification, simple in structure, resources conservation and long service life.
The purpose of this utility model reaches by following measure: a kind of centrifugal sewage purification separator, it is characterized in that it comprises cylinder-like shell, top one side of shell is provided with water inlet, below one side of shell is provided with slag charge outlet, the hydraulic drive apparatus being communicated with water inlet is connected with filter core cylinder, disengagement chamber revolution is supported between filter core cylinder and the bottom surface of shell, treated water outlet one end is communicated with the inner chamber of filter core cylinder, and the cavity of the other end in disengagement chamber revolution is supported extends to outside the bottom surface of shell;
Described hydraulic drive apparatus comprises top cover, diversion cavity, is positioned at the impeller of diversion cavity, diversion cavity base plate, be arranged on the overfall on diversion cavity base plate, and diversion cavity is the annular housing being formed by the rotating shaft outer of shell, top cover, impeller and diversion cavity base plate.
In technique scheme, water inlet is along the tangential direction setting of shell.
In technique scheme, filter core cylinder is connected with hydraulic drive apparatus by revolution disengagement chamber, and revolution disengagement chamber is Round Porous tubular cavity, and filter core cylinder is arranged in revolution disengagement chamber.
In technique scheme, impeller, revolution disengagement chamber and filter core cylinder are installed cover plate and are bolted connection.
In technique scheme, in the filter core of filter core cylinder, be filled with filtration, purification material.
In technique scheme, the filtration, purification material of filling in the filter core of filter core cylinder is pottery or active carbon.
In technique scheme, on top cover, be provided with live spindle, the opening that the cavity of backwash tube in live spindle and filter core cylinder upper bottom surface match extend into the bottom of filter core cylinder, and the part that backwash tube stretches into filter core cylinder is arranged at intervals with a plurality of apopores.
In technique scheme, the bottom of shell is provided with base support.
The advantage the utlity model has is as follows:
1. it combines centrifugal separation technology with filter element filtering technology, and sewage completes centrifugation and two purification process of filter element filtering simultaneously, and filter efficiency is high, good separating effect.
2. it is provided with hydraulic drive apparatus, adopts the self-driven centrifugal filter device of waterpower, and without other mill auxiliaries, Technical Economy is good, and designs simplification has also been saved the energy.
3. in filter core cylinder, be provided with counter-flushing pipeline, guarantee that filter core can be difficult for stopping up by backwash in time, can work long hours, reduce manual maintenance cost, also greatly extend service life.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is schematic perspective view of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is cutaway view of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is top view of the present utility model, wherein in order to illustrate, top cover is removed.
Fig. 4 turns round the schematic perspective view of disengagement chamber in the utility model.
1. water inlets in figure, 2. impeller, 3. overfall, 4. live spindle, 5. top cover, 6. diversion cavity, 7. diversion cavity base plate, 8. turns round disengagement chamber, 9. shell, 10. filter core cylinder, 11. counter-flushing pipelines, 12. disengagement chambers revolutions are supported, 13. base supports, 14. treated water outlets, 15. slag charge outlets, 16. filter core cylinders are installed cover plate.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, describe performance of the present utility model in detail, but it does not form to restriction of the present utility model, only do for example.By explanation, advantage of the present utility model will become more clear and easily understand simultaneously.
As seen from the figure: a kind of centrifugal sewage purification separator, it is characterized in that it comprises cylinder-like shell 9, top one side of shell 9 is provided with water inlet 1, below one side of shell 9 is provided with slag charge outlet 15, the hydraulic drive apparatus being communicated with water inlet 1 is connected with filter core cylinder 10, disengagement chamber revolution supports 12 between filter core cylinder 10 and the bottom surface of shell 9, treated water outlet 14 one end are communicated with the inner chamber of filter core cylinder 10, and the cavity that the other end supports in 12 through disengagement chamber revolution extends to outside the bottom surface of shell 9;
Described hydraulic drive apparatus comprises top cover 5, diversion cavity 6, is positioned at the impeller 2 of diversion cavity 6, diversion cavity base plate 7, be arranged on the overfall 3 on diversion cavity base plate 7, and diversion cavity 6 is the annular housings that formed by the rotating shaft outer of shell 9, top cover 5, impeller 2 and diversion cavity base plate 7.
Described a kind of centrifugal sewage purification separator, is characterized in that water inlet 1 is along the tangential direction setting of shell 9.It makes sewage velocity attitude from water inlet access to plant just in time along the tangential direction of shell 9, better promote the rotation of impeller 2, and current so far become eddy flow from direct current.
Described a kind of centrifugal sewage purification separator, it is characterized in that filter core cylinder 10 is connected with hydraulic drive apparatus by revolution disengagement chamber 8, revolution disengagement chamber 8 is Round Porous tubular cavity, and filter core cylinder 10 is arranged in revolution disengagement chamber 8, filter core cylinder 10 rotation together with revolution disengagement chamber 8.
Described a kind of centrifugal sewage purification separator, is characterized in that impeller 2, revolution disengagement chamber 8 and filter core cylinder installation cover plate 16 are bolted connection.
Described a kind of centrifugal sewage purification separator, is characterized in that being filled with filtration, purification material in the filter core of filter core cylinder 10.For centrifugal, be difficult to separated dirty grain, can pass through the further purified treatment of adsorption precipitation of filter core.
Described a kind of centrifugal sewage purification separator, is characterized in that the filtration, purification material of filling in the filter core of filter core cylinder 10 is pottery or active carbon.
Described a kind of centrifugal sewage purification separator, it is characterized in that being provided with on top cover 5 live spindle 4, the opening that the cavity of backwash tube 11 in live spindle 4 and filter core cylinder 10 upper bottom surfaces match extend into the bottom of filter core cylinder 10, and the part that backwash tube 11 stretches into filter core cylinder 10 is arranged at intervals with a plurality of apopores.Backwash tube 11 can rinse filter core cylinder 10, prevents its obstruction.And, rinse direction from inside to outside, just in time contrary with infiltration water flow path direction, and also filter core cylinder is when rotate with hydraulic drive apparatus, can complete comprehensive flushing of filter core, has reached good cleaning performance.
Described a kind of centrifugal sewage purification separator, is characterized in that the bottom of shell 9 is provided with base support 13.
The utility model course of work is: sewage enters in hydraulic drive apparatus from water inlet 1, and the current that enter are impeller 2 rotations in the interior formation eddy flow of diversion cavity 6.Impeller 2, revolution disengagement chamber 8 are installed cover plate 16 with filter core cylinder and are bolted connection, and impeller 2 drives 8 rotations of revolution disengagement chamber again, and revolution disengagement chamber 8 drives filter core cylinder 10 rotations.
The overfall 3 of sewage from diversion cavity base plate 7 enters the interlayer between shell 9 and revolution disengagement chamber 8; revolution disengagement chamber 8 drives current High Rotation Speed; under centrifugal action; the inwall that in sewage, the larger dirty grain of particle diameter can be pressed close to shell 9 flows, and dirty grain can be deposited to gradually the bottom of device under centrifugal force and himself Action of Gravity Field.Sewage is when to the interior infiltration of filter core cylinder 10, and the less dirty grain of particle diameter can be stopped by the filter opening on revolution disengagement chamber 8, is attached to the outer surface of revolution disengagement chamber 8 or is suspended in liquid surface.When being attached to the particulate of revolution disengagement chamber 8 outer surfaces, pile up, gravity can increase gradually, be subject to simultaneously certain flow rate liquid wash away and stir and by taken away revolution disengagement chamber 8 surfaces, then under gravity and centrifugal action, also can be deposited to gradually bottom of device, be suspended in the dirty grain on sewage surface, also can mutually collide at the volley, adsorpting aggregation becomes bulky grain, is finally also deposited to bottom of device.Meanwhile, when sewage permeates inwards from filter core cylinder 10, the filtration, purification material made from pottery or active carbon in filter core, can be by adsorbing with precipitation the centrifugal further purified treatment of separated dirty grain that is difficult to.Move in circles like this, the various dirty grain motion in device in sewage, all can be settled down to bottom, and the water of isolation of purified is stored in filter core cylinder 10, finally from treated water outlet 14, draws through after a while.
In purification process, isolated impurity can be gathered in bottom of device, regularly opens slag charge outlet 15, can concentrate cleaning to slag charge.
Backwash tube 11 is introduced the clear water at extraneous water source, the apopore of clear water on backwash tube 11 rinses from inside to outside to filter core cylinder 10, just in time contrary with infiltration water flow path direction, filter core cylinder 10 rotates with revolution disengagement chamber 8, thereby completes the comprehensive flushing to filter core cylinder 10.
Disengagement chamber revolution supports 12 for supporting the weight of revolution disengagement chamber 8 and filter core cylinder 10, guarantees that they can rotate freely simultaneously.
Base support 13 is for supporting whole device.
Other,, without the part describing in detail, is prior art.

Claims (8)

1. a centrifugal sewage purification separator, it is characterized in that it comprises cylinder-like shell (9), top one side of shell (9) is provided with water inlet (1), below one side of shell (9) is provided with slag charge outlet (15), the hydraulic drive apparatus being communicated with water inlet (1) is connected with filter core cylinder (10), disengagement chamber revolution is supported (12) and is positioned between filter core cylinder (10) and the bottom surface of shell (9), treated water outlet (14) one end is communicated with the inner chamber of filter core cylinder (10), the cavity that the other end supports in (12) through disengagement chamber revolution extends to outside the bottom surface of shell (9),
Described hydraulic drive apparatus comprises top cover (5), diversion cavity (6), is positioned at the impeller (2) of diversion cavity (6), diversion cavity base plate (7), be arranged on the overfall (3) on diversion cavity base plate (7), and diversion cavity (6) is the annular housing being formed by the rotating shaft outer of shell (9), top cover (5), impeller (2) and diversion cavity base plate (7).
2. a kind of centrifugal sewage purification separator according to claim 1, is characterized in that water inlet (1) is along the tangential direction setting of shell (9).
3. a kind of centrifugal sewage purification separator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that filter core cylinder (10) is connected with hydraulic drive apparatus by revolution disengagement chamber (8), revolution disengagement chamber (8) is Round Porous tubular cavity, and filter core cylinder (10) is arranged in revolution disengagement chamber (8).
4. a kind of centrifugal sewage purification separator according to claim 3, is characterized in that impeller (2), revolution disengagement chamber (8) and filter core cylinder installation cover plate (16) are bolted connection.
5. a kind of centrifugal sewage purification separator according to claim 1, is characterized in that being filled with filtration, purification material in the filter core of filter core cylinder (10).
6. a kind of centrifugal sewage purification separator according to claim 5, is characterized in that the filtration, purification material of filling in the filter core of filter core cylinder (10) is pottery or active carbon.
7. a kind of centrifugal sewage purification separator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that being provided with on top cover (5) live spindle (4), the opening that the cavity of backwash tube (11) in live spindle (4) and filter core cylinder (10) upper bottom surface match extend into the bottom of filter core cylinder (10), and the part that backwash tube (11) stretches into filter core cylinder (10) is arranged at intervals with a plurality of apopores.
8. a kind of centrifugal sewage purification separator according to claim 1, is characterized in that the bottom of shell (9) is provided with base support (13).
CN201420184883.1U 2014-04-16 2014-04-16 Centrifugal type sewage purifying and separating device CN203852919U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420184883.1U CN203852919U (en) 2014-04-16 2014-04-16 Centrifugal type sewage purifying and separating device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420184883.1U CN203852919U (en) 2014-04-16 2014-04-16 Centrifugal type sewage purifying and separating device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203852919U true CN203852919U (en) 2014-10-01

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420184883.1U CN203852919U (en) 2014-04-16 2014-04-16 Centrifugal type sewage purifying and separating device

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106241947A (en) * 2016-09-14 2016-12-21 武汉工程大学 A kind of sintered porous eddy flow sewage-treatment plant
CN106267980A (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-01-04 博尔塔拉蒙古自治州永奇节水设备科技开发有限责任公司 A kind of automatic cleaning strainer and electricity generation system
CN107737476A (en) * 2017-10-13 2018-02-27 朱平 A kind of rotatable immersion filter
CN108114524A (en) * 2017-12-23 2018-06-05 郑州国知网络技术有限公司 A kind of centrifugal rotary streaming oil filter
CN111636543A (en) * 2020-06-03 2020-09-08 陈阳利 Self-driven shunting screening road drainage device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106241947A (en) * 2016-09-14 2016-12-21 武汉工程大学 A kind of sintered porous eddy flow sewage-treatment plant
CN106267980A (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-01-04 博尔塔拉蒙古自治州永奇节水设备科技开发有限责任公司 A kind of automatic cleaning strainer and electricity generation system
CN106267980B (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-12-26 博尔塔拉蒙古自治州永奇节水设备科技开发有限责任公司 A kind of automatic cleaning strainer and electricity generation system
CN107737476A (en) * 2017-10-13 2018-02-27 朱平 A kind of rotatable immersion filter
CN108114524A (en) * 2017-12-23 2018-06-05 郑州国知网络技术有限公司 A kind of centrifugal rotary streaming oil filter
CN111636543A (en) * 2020-06-03 2020-09-08 陈阳利 Self-driven shunting screening road drainage device

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EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
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Granted publication date: 20141001

Termination date: 20150416