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CN2038410U - Electron chess - Google Patents

Electron chess Download PDF


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CN2038410U CN 88200026 CN88200026U CN2038410U CN 2038410 U CN2038410 U CN 2038410U CN 88200026 CN88200026 CN 88200026 CN 88200026 U CN88200026 U CN 88200026U CN 2038410 U CN2038410 U CN 2038410U
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CN 88200026
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The utility model relates to an electronic military chess which is a big innovation of traditional military chesses. The chessmen of the electronic military chess are provided with a code operation device and a judge device. The electronic military chess overcomes the defects that a third person is required to be a judge when traditional military chesses are used for two persons to play; the utility model has active actions for increasing the recreation of military chess and enriching the cultural life of people.


本实用新型属于电子娱乐器具陆战军棋具有秘密布署和尖锐对抗的性质,决定了它不仅是一种健康的文化娱乐用具,有时也在军事、公安、计划等特定领域里被借用为辅助训练工具。 The utility model is an electronic entertainment appliances Marine Jun Qi secret nature of the deployment and sharp confrontation, determines that it is not only a healthy cultural entertainment appliances, and sometimes also in specific areas of military, police, and other programs to assist in the training borrowed tool. 它在锻炼人的集思、分析、判断、记忆、运筹、决策等方面的能力,吸引着人们的兴趣,为广大人民所喜爱。 It set in train a person's thinking, analysis, ability to judge, memory, logistics, decision-making, to attract people's interest for the majority of people loved. 但是,现在军棋在二人对弈时,必须由第三人担任裁判。 But now, when two military chess game, the referee must be served by a third person. 这是阻碍军棋进一步发展的致命缺点:1.有时不能方便的找到第三人主事裁判,致使不能成局或被迫改为水平大减的各种非正规方法二人对弈。 This is the fatal flaw Jun Qi hinder further development: 1. Sometimes people can not easily find the third principal referee, making it impossible to office or forced to switch to a variety of non-formal methods greatly reduced the level of two chess.

2.裁判判工作枯燥乏味,不愿担任或不能坚持者居多,有时被迫轮流座庄,破坏了对抗的连续性。 2. umpire tedious work, as unwilling or unable to adhere to the majority, and sometimes forced to turn base village, destroy the continuity of confrontation.

3.裁判者的错判和偏判,经常造成对奕的中断或不快。 3. The referee's miscarriage of justice and sentenced to partial, often resulting in Duiyi interruption or unhappy.

本实用新型的目的是:用现代技术改造军棋,以电子裁判系统代替人工裁判。 The object of the present invention: modern military chess transformation, instead of doing electronic system ref ref. 电子军棋的实现,将有效克服上述缺点,为军棋的大幅度普及发展开僻了广阔前景。 Realization of electronic Jun Qi, will effectively overcome these shortcomings, the popularity is a significant development secluded Jun Qi opened up broad prospects.

本实用新型的详细说明:电子军棋原理用图1加以说明。 Detailed description of the present invention: Electronic Junqi principle will be described using FIG.

电子军棋的棋盘与传统棋盘完全一样,电子军棋棋子的名称,标志和尺寸也和传统棋子相同。 Jun Qi electronic board with traditional board exactly the same, the name of pieces of electronic Jun Qi, logo and size is the same as traditional pieces. 不同之处是:电子军棋配有一只对奕者共用的专用电子裁判器;在电子军棋的专用棋子上,设有编码操作装置,同名棋子共用同一的唯一编码。 The difference is: with an electronic Junqi Duiyi shared by dedicated electronic judging apparatus; on the electronic Jun Qi private piece, provided with an encoder operating device, the same name of the same pieces share a unique code. 对奕按规则进行,当双方发生对抗决战时,背对背地将两只(红、兰各一)奕者互不知棋名的棋子送至裁判器上的裁判坑之内(图6*),稍施压力,即完成了人对机器的操作。 Duiyi according to the rules, when the two sides fight a decisive battle, two (red, blue and one each) Wilson who do not know each other were chess pieces will be sent back to back in the pits on the referee is the referee of (6 *), slightly applying pressure to complete the operation of the machine is human. 此时,被裁判的棋子,分别推动各自编码器,两个编码器即同时或先后向计算器送出被其确认的棋子编码。 At this time, the referee pieces, to promote their respective encoders, i.e. two encoders simultaneously or successively feeding the pieces it has identified to encode calculator. 当两组编码都可靠的送出后,编码器启动控制装置,命令计算器开始工作。 When the groups are encoded reliable dispensing, the encoder start control device, the work command calculators. 计算器接收启动指令后,立即按既定运算逻辑,判定两只对抗棋子间的胜负,驱动指示器(本实施例为发光二级管)来指示各方的胜负或同归于尽。 After receiving the start command calculator, arithmetic logic according to the established immediately, against the outcome is determined between two pieces, the driving indicator (in this embodiment a light emitting diode) to indicate the outcome of the parties or die. 当然,计算器的运算逻辑是遵循军棋对奕规则的。 Of course, the calculator is to follow the logic of arithmetic Jun Qi Duiyi rules. 确认判定后,棋子从坑里移开,此时,计算器自动复零,灯光全息,舍弃败方棋子,将胜方棋子返回到棋盘上原来发生对抗的位置,对奕继续进行。 After confirmation decision, the pieces removed from the pit, this time, the calculator automatically reset to zero, holographic lighting, give up the loser pawn, pawn winner will return to the original position against the occurrence of the board, Duiyi continue.

电子军棋的棋子与本系统编码器的要求相适应,该棋子上设置了编码操作装置,在对方不能窥视到的棋子的底部或内侧下端,开出若干孔或穴,孔、穴可做成任何形状。 Jun Qi electronic pawn according to the requirements of the encoder system compatible, which means the encoding operation pieces provided on the inner side of the bottom or lower end of the other party can not peek into the pieces, out of a plurality of holes or pockets, holes, pockets can be made in any shape.

棋子的结构有底部式(图2a)和内端式(图2b)两种,结构的选择,取决于编码器的结构。 And there are two kinds of pieces of the structure, the bottom select Formula (FIG. 2a) of formula inner end (FIG. 2b) structure, depending on the configuration of the encoder. 底部式配用于卧置编码器,内端式配用于立置编码器。 Of formula with a bottom in horizontal encoder, with the inner-end for upright encoder.

孔,穴的深度1-2毫米。 Depth of the hole, the hole 1-2 mm. 孔穴的有效尺寸一般在1.5-4毫米之间,视系统的定位精度和孔穴的位置数量而定。 Effective aperture size is generally between 1.5-4 mm, the number of positions of the apertures and the positioning accuracy depending on the system's. “有孔”和“有穴”两种状态都可以分别定义为二进制数的1、0或0、1。 "Hole" and "there are pockets" two states can be defined as 1,0 or 0,1 respectively binary number. 不同名称的棋子,其孔的数量和组合不同,但孔位置数量必须固定。 Pieces of different names, different number of holes, and combinations thereof, but the number of the holes must be fixed positions. 军棋子共有军旗、总司令、军长、师长、旅长、团长、营长、连长、排长、工兵、炸弹和地雷等十二个名称,用一组四位二进制编码即0000-1111的十六个二进制数便可概括有余。 A total of pawn army flag, commander in chief, commander, division commander, Brigadier, Colonel, battalion commander, company commander, platoon leader, engineering, bombs and mines and other twelve names, with a group of four binary coding that is 0000-1111 sixteen binary numbers can be summarized spare. 因此,孔位数应为4。 Therefore, the hole should be 4 digits.

为了实现对计算器的开启控制,棋子上还应安排一个控制位置,这个位置不开孔,并设置在棋子的中心线上,这是为了保证它的作用时间发生在其他各位置都正确地发生作用之后。 In order to achieve the opening control of the calculator, also arranged a control position, this position is not open, and is provided on the center line on the piece of pieces, which is to ensure that it occurs in the duration of action of the other positions are properly occur after the role. 因此孔位数至少为5。 Therefore, the hole is at least 5 digits.

为了简化计算器的逻辑,可增加编码位数来提供特殊标志码,此时,棋子上的孔位置数可能扩展到8或9。 To simplify the logic calculator, increased number of coded bits to provide special identification code, this time, the number of hole positions on the possible extension piece 8 or 9.

因为“军旗”无战斗力,可和“工兵”共用同一编码。 Because the "flag" no combat, and can be "engineering" share the same code.

图3为典型的孔位置配置图。 FIG 3 is a configuration diagram of a typical hole locations. Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅳ、Ⅴ为编码位置,任一位置都可能有孔或无孔,Ⅲ为控制位置,无孔。 Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅳ, Ⅴ coding position, any position may have porous or nonporous, Ⅲ position control, non-porous.

棋子可选用的材料范围较广,考虑到适用性,工艺性和经济性,本实施例采用ABS塑料制造。 Pieces wide range of materials can be selected, taking into account suitability, process and economy, the present embodiment manufactured from ABS. 其他实施例可用其他热塑性塑料制造,其特点是成本低廉,适于大批生产。 Other embodiments use other thermoplastics, which is characterized by low cost, suitable for mass production. 与先进的电子系统相配谐,用热固性塑料制造棋子也是适宜的,其特点是尺寸稳定,耐用,手感着实。 And advanced electronic systems match harmonic, thermosetting plastic pieces are also suitable, which is characterized by a dimensionally stable, durable, feel really. 高档棋子亦可用铝合金等金属制造,此时,应在棋子的孔处或编码器的顶杆端部采取绝缘措施。 High-end pieces can, at this time, measures should be taken to the insulating end hole or jack encoder with a piece of metal such as aluminum alloy.

棋子内表面上的棋子名称字型,可用雕刻,模压或丝网印刷方法加工。 Font name pieces on the inner surface of the piece, available engraving, embossing, or screen printing process. 棋子的背面应装饰用以扰乱视线,防止对方识别的花纹。 The back of the decorative pieces to be distracting to prevent other pattern recognition. 根据不同应用场合,棋子名称可用汉字,少数民族文字或外文标志。 Depending on the application, the name of pieces available characters, minority languages ​​or foreign flags.

编码器编码器相当于一种受该棋子操作的“常闭”开关组件,其原理如下:图4中开关“按钮”就是编码器的顶杆端头,它们的数量与棋子的孔位置数量相等,它们的位置与棋子的孔穴位置相一致。 Coder equivalent of a "normally closed" switch assembly operation of the receiving piece, which works as follows: the switch in FIG. 4, "button" is the tip jack encoder, the number of holes is equal to the number of pieces of the position of their they are consistent with the position of the pieces were void.

开关Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅳ、Ⅴ用作编码,用棋子压下顶杆时,无孔处的顶杆被推动,常闭点打开,有孔处的顶杆无动作,保持常闭。 Switch Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅳ, Ⅴ used as a coding, stones used during pressing jack, the jack is pushed at the non-porous, open normally closed, with holes at the jack no action, remains normally closed. 这一过程便实现了孔穴编码的转换,棋子有孔,无孔两种状态转变为开关通断两种状态,进而控制高、低两种电平状态。 This process will be achieved apertures encoding conversion, porous pieces, nonporous two states into OFF of the switch two states, high and further control, two kinds of low-level state.

用作控制开关Ⅲ,棋子的孔位Ⅲ处无孔,只要棋子压向顶杆,开关打开,采用适当的电路即可控制计算器开始工作。 Used as a control switch Ⅲ, Ⅲ holes at nonporous pieces, as long as the piece is pressed against the ram, the switch is opened, using appropriate circuitry to control computer to work. 为了确保计算器的起动必须发生在确认编码之后,这就需要Ⅲ的机械动作滞后于Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅳ、Ⅴ。 To ensure that the calculator must occur after the start of the acknowledgment code, which requires mechanical action lags Ⅲ Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅳ, Ⅴ. 本实施例是将顶杆Ⅲ稍短(约0.5-1毫米)于其他顶杆来实现这一要求的。 In this embodiment, the shorter ram Ⅲ (about 0.5 mm) of the other jack to achieve this requirement.

开关Ⅲ亦可设计成“常开”型,此时可用它来控制电源,可达到同样的目的。 Ⅲ switch can be designed as a "normally open" type, it can be used to control the power at this time, to achieve the same purpose.

每只裁判器对称的装入两只完全相同的编码器。 Charged with two identical symmetrical each encoder judging apparatus.

编码器的结构有以下两种:图5a是卧式编码器初始状态原理图。 Configuration of the encoder has the following two: FIG. 5a is a horizontal initial encoder state diagram. 5只弹性金属顶杆3被绝缘基座4联为一个组件,用紧固件固定在外壳2上,各顶杆在预应力作用下与汇流条5接触。 5 is an insulating elastic metal plunger 3 with base 4 of a component with a fastener fixed to the housing 2, each of the bus bars in contact with the jack 5 under prestress. 当棋子1进入裁判位置并稍施压力时,与棋子有孔位相遇的顶杆不动作,与棋子无孔位相遇的顶杆将下移与汇流条5脱离接触。 When the piece 1 into the position of the referee and slightly applying pressure, the pieces have holes do not meet plunger operation, pieces encounter with the non-hole jack down the bus bar 5 out of contact.

图5b是立式编码器初始状态原理图。 Figure 5b is a vertical schematic diagram of the initial state of the encoder. 结构与卧式的相同,不同之处只是顶杆的动作依靠棋子内端孔穴的作用。 The same structure as the horizontal, differ only rely on the operation of the ram end piece cavity effect.

本实施例为卧式Ⅲ键“常闭”型结构。 This embodiment is a horizontal bond Ⅲ "normally closed" type structure.

顶杆和汇流条应有良好的接触,本实例采用了镀银措施。 Plunger and bus bar should have good contact, this example uses a silver-plated measures. 最可靠的办法是在它们的接触部位处镶焊电接点材料。 The most reliable way is to insert at the contact portion thereof welded electrical contact material.

计算器计算器是一个可以通过多种途径实现的数字逻辑电路。 Calculator The calculator is a digital logic circuitry may be implemented in various ways. 本实施例用通用数字集成电路搭成,其他实施例也可用分离元器件,PROM或EPROM模块制作。 Example shelter of a general-purpose digital integrated circuit of the present embodiment, other embodiments using separate components, PROM or EPROM module production. 最廉价,最可靠的方案,是设计和制造带有指示驱动器的军棋专用MOS集成电路。 The cheapest and most reliable solution, military chess specific design and manufacture integrated circuits with MOS indicate drive.

计算器的主要要求是:1.接受编码器给定的编码置数,能对两组编码输入时间迟早的随机性予以处理。 The main requirement calculator is: 1. The encoder accepts a given number of coded set, the two groups can be processed sooner or later encoding an input temporal randomness.

2.进行逻辑判定,按军棋胜负规则进行处理,具有大吃小,同级一起阵亡,工兵胜地雷,各子遇炸弹同归于尽等胜负关系。 2. logical judgment, Jun Qi processed according to the rules of the outcome, with a small eat, killed with the same level, engineering wins mines, bombs each child in case the outcome of the relationship between die and so on.

3.驱动发光二级管指示胜负。 The drive light emitting diodes indicate the outcome.

4.较低的功耗,较低的工作电压。 4. The low power consumption, low operating voltage. 为携带方便,一般以3-6伏干电池供电。 It is easy to carry, generally 3-6 volt battery power supply.

电子裁判器总成:图6所示电子裁判器是一个便携的独立电子装置,总重量不大于300克(已装电池),外型尺寸可不大于18*12*6(cm),它由两组编码器2,电路扳4和电池3连接在一起,装在一个由外壳1和底盖5所组成的盒内,外壳1的表面中部设有能容纳两只并列棋子的裁判坑*,指示胜负的指示灯6安排在醒目的位置处。 Electronic assembly ref: Electronic judging apparatus shown in Figure 6 is a portable electronic device independent of the total weight of not more than 300 g (batteries installed), dimensions not greater than 18 * 12 * 6 (cm), which consists of two group encoder 2, 3 and the battery 4 pull circuit are connected together, mounted in a pit box referee by the housing 1 and the bottom cover 5 consisting of a middle surface of the housing is provided to accommodate two parallel stones *, indicating outcome indicator 6 arranged at prominent position. 电源开关和电源指示灯有时是必要的。 Power switch and power indicator is sometimes necessary.

图6为用于卧式编码器的裁判器实施例一整套电子军棋应包括以下各部分:(1)红兰棋子各一副(2)裁判器一具(3)标准棋盘一张 FIG 6 is a horizontal referee for an electronic encoder according to embodiment military chess set should include the following components: (1) a red and blue of each piece (2) a judging apparatus (3) a standard checkerboard

(4)说明书一份本实用新型的电子军棋,克服了以往军棋需要专人裁判的缺点,对人们文娱生活的提高起到推动作用。 (4) a description of the present invention electronic Jun Qi, to overcome the shortcomings of the past, Jun Qi need someone to referee, to improve the cultural life of the people play a catalytic role.

图1电子军棋原理框图图2a底部式棋子结构图图2b端部式棋子结构图图3孔位配置图图4编码器开关组件原理图图5a卧式编码器示意图。 An electronic block diagram of FIG. 1 FIG. 2a military chess pieces formula bottom end configuration diagram of FIG. 2b piece structure of formula FIG. 3 FIG. 4 FIG arranged holes encoder switch assembly of FIG. 5a schematic diagram horizontal encoder. (图中:1棋子,2外壳,3顶杆,4基座,5 汇流条)图5b立式编码器示意图。 (FIG: 1 piece, the housing 2, plunger 3, the base 4, the bus bar 5) in FIG. 5b is a schematic vertical encoder. (图中:1棋子,2外壳,3顶杆,4基座,5 汇流条)图6电子裁判器总成示意图。 (FIG: 1 piece, the housing 2, plunger 3, the base 4, the bus bar 5) in FIG. 6 a schematic view of an electronic assembly ref. (图中:1外壳,2编码器,3电池,4电 路板,5底盖,6指示灯) (FIG: 1 casing, 2 encoder, the battery 3, the circuit board 4, a bottom cover 5, 6 indicator)

Claims (6)

  1. 1.一种电子军棋,其特征在于配有电子裁判器,此电子裁判器由编码器,计算器和指示器组成;电子裁判器备有电源。 An electronic military chess, characterized in that the device is equipped with electronic ref, the electronic judging apparatus by the encoder, the calculator and the indicator composition; judging apparatus provided with an electronic power supply.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的电子军棋,其特征在于每只军棋棋子上都有按其棋子名称编排好的孔或穴,作为二进编码的操作装置。 The electronic Jun Qi according to claim 1, characterized in that the piece has its name choreographed hole or cavity, the operating device as a binary encoded on a per military chess pieces.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的电子军棋,其特征在于裁判器上有一个可以并列放入两只军棋棋子的裁判坑。 Jun Qi electronic according to claim 1, characterized in that the can has a parallel military chess piece into two pits referee judging apparatus.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的电子军棋,其特征在于编码器是由绝缘基座,金属顶杆和金属汇流所构成的多位开关装置。 Jun Qi electronic according to claim 1, wherein the encoder is a multiple position switch means of an insulating base, a metal and a metal bus jack constituted.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的电子军棋,其特征在于计算器的主体是带指示驱动器的专用集成电路。 Jun Qi electronic according to claim 1, characterized in that the body is a calculator indicate drive belt ASIC.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的电子军棋,其特征在于有指示胜负关系的指示灯。 The electronic Jun Qi according to claim 1, characterized in that the indicator indicating the outcome of the relationship.
CN 88200026 1988-01-05 1988-01-05 Electron chess CN2038410U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102179045A (en) * 2011-06-08 2011-09-14 湖北中网科技有限公司 Intelligent electronic stratego
US8169067B2 (en) 2006-10-20 2012-05-01 Broadcom Corporation Low profile ball grid array (BGA) package with exposed die and method of making same

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8169067B2 (en) 2006-10-20 2012-05-01 Broadcom Corporation Low profile ball grid array (BGA) package with exposed die and method of making same
CN102179045A (en) * 2011-06-08 2011-09-14 湖北中网科技有限公司 Intelligent electronic stratego

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